Metaphor 2011

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This is the PowerPoint for a presentation on Designing and Delivering Therapeutic Metaphors that I recently presented at an international conference in Morelia Mexico. Hope you like it!

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Metaphor 2011

  1. 1. WHAT’S A META FOR? DESIGNING AND DELIVERING THERAPEUTIC METAPHORS by Frank D. Young Ph.D., R. Psych. www.solutionorientedcounselling.ca email: dr.frank@shw.ca
  2. 2. Concepts for Metaphors in Therapy: 1. Definitions <ul><li>A metaphor could be defined as a grouping of symbols, often in words, that represent a concept. </li></ul><ul><li>A therapeutic metaphor is a coherent collection of verbal images that partially reflect a client dilemma, and indicate potential patterns of possibility for its resolution. </li></ul>www.solutionorientedcounselling.ca email: dr.frank@shw.ca
  3. 3. Concepts 2. The Locksmith Analogy <ul><li>Try the front door. Sequential parsimony. </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic questions, identifying perceived constraints </li></ul><ul><li>Now try the side door. Use metaphors to unlock patterns of possibility. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop these analogies with the client to co-create a new and hopeful reality. </li></ul><ul><li>Access to client resources is now restored and doors are unlocked. </li></ul>www.solutionorientedcounselling.ca email: dr.frank@shw.ca
  4. 4. Concepts 3. Escaping the Constraints of Context <ul><li>The context in which the problem is embedded can prevent access to perceiving solutions. Remove. Repair. Reassemble. Reconnect with the larger system. </li></ul><ul><li>The Dissociative State is the lever to liberate the problem from its embedded context. </li></ul>www.solutionorientedcounselling.ca email: dr.frank@shw.ca
  5. 5. Concepts 4. Similar but Dissimilar <ul><li>Similar enough in form or isomorphism that the client can see some kind of connection or identification with the story or key symbols being offered as potential icons. </li></ul><ul><li>Dissimilar enough that the client’s defenses can dismiss a portion of the metaphor. “This doesn’t fully apply to me because…” </li></ul><ul><li>This balance allows for unconscious embedding of the message of the metaphor . </li></ul>www.solutionorientedcounselling.ca email: dr.frank@shw.ca
  6. 6. Concepts 5. Collecting and Assembling Motivating Stories <ul><li>Therapeutic experience from your previous cases is a strong base for metaphors and stories. </li></ul><ul><li>Literature and knowledge about current events can help to normalize client experiences. </li></ul><ul><li>Prime metaphoric material is the utilization of client stories in which they were able to overcome a life crisis. </li></ul>www.solutionorientedcounselling.ca email: dr.frank@shw.ca
  7. 7. Concepts 6. Utilization and Pacing: Matching the client’s representational system <ul><li>Clients have strong tendencies to map their world in representational systems, a concept from Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP). </li></ul><ul><li>When constructing a metaphor, begin by translating its language into the rep system predicates of your client. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples include visual, auditory, and kinesthethic rep systems and their syntax structure. (group exercise). </li></ul>www.solutionorientedcounselling.ca email: dr.frank@shw.ca
  8. 8. Concepts 7. Using a Coping Model <ul><li>Coping Model (the protagonist works through difficulties and mistakes to achieve success) is more effective than a Mastery Model (immediate and effortless success). </li></ul><ul><li>Mastery Model - high prestige & low identification profile, often seen as intimidating. </li></ul><ul><li>Coping Model - lower initial prestige, but an inviting identification profile. </li></ul>www.solutionorientedcounselling.ca email: dr.frank@shw.ca
  9. 9. Concepts 8. Discipline and timing <ul><li>Develop the discipline to hold back any large intervention unless you already have a metaphor to back it up. </li></ul><ul><li>Wait for the right “coachable moment” to deliver the metaphor. These openings typically occur when the client is most frustrated, confused, and hopeless about the puzzle of their dilemma. </li></ul>www.solutionorientedcounselling.ca email: dr.frank@shw.ca
  10. 10. Part 2. Demonstrations of Therapeutic Metaphors <ul><li>Metaphors and stories in a single session consultation interview </li></ul><ul><li>Story about surrender-acceptance </li></ul><ul><li>Do your favorite motivating story </li></ul>www.solutionorientedcounselling.ca email: dr.frank@shw.ca
  11. 11. Part 3. Exercises in Designing and Delivering Metaphors (In Triads) <ul><li>A is the Client, B is the Therapist, C is the Consultant. </li></ul><ul><li>A presents a client dilemma (2-5 minutes). B paces and leads 5 sentences, then delivers a metaphor (2-5 minutes). </li></ul><ul><li>Process feedback about the experience and the effect of the metaphor. C contributes observations. </li></ul><ul><li>Role rotation as time permits. </li></ul><ul><li>Group Feedback and Questions. </li></ul>www.solutionorientedcounselling.ca email: dr.frank@shw.ca

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