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Metaphor 2011

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This is the PowerPoint for a presentation on Designing and Delivering Therapeutic Metaphors that I recently presented at an international conference in Morelia Mexico. Hope you like it!

This is the PowerPoint for a presentation on Designing and Delivering Therapeutic Metaphors that I recently presented at an international conference in Morelia Mexico. Hope you like it!

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  • 1. WHAT’S A META FOR? DESIGNING AND DELIVERING THERAPEUTIC METAPHORS by Frank D. Young Ph.D., R. Psych. www.solutionorientedcounselling.ca email: dr.frank@shw.ca
  • 2. Concepts for Metaphors in Therapy: 1. Definitions
    • A metaphor could be defined as a grouping of symbols, often in words, that represent a concept.
    • A therapeutic metaphor is a coherent collection of verbal images that partially reflect a client dilemma, and indicate potential patterns of possibility for its resolution.
    www.solutionorientedcounselling.ca email: dr.frank@shw.ca
  • 3. Concepts 2. The Locksmith Analogy
    • Try the front door. Sequential parsimony.
    • Strategic questions, identifying perceived constraints
    • Now try the side door. Use metaphors to unlock patterns of possibility.
    • Develop these analogies with the client to co-create a new and hopeful reality.
    • Access to client resources is now restored and doors are unlocked.
    www.solutionorientedcounselling.ca email: dr.frank@shw.ca
  • 4. Concepts 3. Escaping the Constraints of Context
    • The context in which the problem is embedded can prevent access to perceiving solutions. Remove. Repair. Reassemble. Reconnect with the larger system.
    • The Dissociative State is the lever to liberate the problem from its embedded context.
    www.solutionorientedcounselling.ca email: dr.frank@shw.ca
  • 5. Concepts 4. Similar but Dissimilar
    • Similar enough in form or isomorphism that the client can see some kind of connection or identification with the story or key symbols being offered as potential icons.
    • Dissimilar enough that the client’s defenses can dismiss a portion of the metaphor. “This doesn’t fully apply to me because…”
    • This balance allows for unconscious embedding of the message of the metaphor .
    www.solutionorientedcounselling.ca email: dr.frank@shw.ca
  • 6. Concepts 5. Collecting and Assembling Motivating Stories
    • Therapeutic experience from your previous cases is a strong base for metaphors and stories.
    • Literature and knowledge about current events can help to normalize client experiences.
    • Prime metaphoric material is the utilization of client stories in which they were able to overcome a life crisis.
    www.solutionorientedcounselling.ca email: dr.frank@shw.ca
  • 7. Concepts 6. Utilization and Pacing: Matching the client’s representational system
    • Clients have strong tendencies to map their world in representational systems, a concept from Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP).
    • When constructing a metaphor, begin by translating its language into the rep system predicates of your client.
    • Examples include visual, auditory, and kinesthethic rep systems and their syntax structure. (group exercise).
    www.solutionorientedcounselling.ca email: dr.frank@shw.ca
  • 8. Concepts 7. Using a Coping Model
    • Coping Model (the protagonist works through difficulties and mistakes to achieve success) is more effective than a Mastery Model (immediate and effortless success).
    • Mastery Model - high prestige & low identification profile, often seen as intimidating.
    • Coping Model - lower initial prestige, but an inviting identification profile.
    www.solutionorientedcounselling.ca email: dr.frank@shw.ca
  • 9. Concepts 8. Discipline and timing
    • Develop the discipline to hold back any large intervention unless you already have a metaphor to back it up.
    • Wait for the right “coachable moment” to deliver the metaphor. These openings typically occur when the client is most frustrated, confused, and hopeless about the puzzle of their dilemma.
    www.solutionorientedcounselling.ca email: dr.frank@shw.ca
  • 10. Part 2. Demonstrations of Therapeutic Metaphors
    • Metaphors and stories in a single session consultation interview
    • Story about surrender-acceptance
    • Do your favorite motivating story
    www.solutionorientedcounselling.ca email: dr.frank@shw.ca
  • 11. Part 3. Exercises in Designing and Delivering Metaphors (In Triads)
    • A is the Client, B is the Therapist, C is the Consultant.
    • A presents a client dilemma (2-5 minutes). B paces and leads 5 sentences, then delivers a metaphor (2-5 minutes).
    • Process feedback about the experience and the effect of the metaphor. C contributes observations.
    • Role rotation as time permits.
    • Group Feedback and Questions.
    www.solutionorientedcounselling.ca email: dr.frank@shw.ca