Authentication vs authorization

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Authentication vs Authorization. Our book covers authorization, but not authentication

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Authentication vs authorization

  1. 1. Authentication VS Authorization Frank H. Vianzon, Adjunct Instructor, GPEN, GCWN, CCNA, MCS E
  2. 2. Authentication • Authentication is the process of submitting and checking credentials to validate or prove user identity. Authentication is used in access control to allow only specific individuals access to a building or computer system. The process of authentication typically starts by providing a username along with one or more of the following credentials:
  3. 3. *Authorization Authorization, by contrast, is the mechanism by which a system determines what level of access a particular authenticated user should have to secured resources controlled by the system • As an instructor, I can look at your grades for my class. I posted them • Can I look at the grades for your English class??
  4. 4. Back to Authentication! • Usernames are not case sensitive, Passwords are • Password Policy settings in the Local Security Policy control characteristics about a password such as how long it must be, how often it must be changed, or whether complex passwords are required. • Account Lockout Policy settings in the Local Security Policy control what happens when users enter incorrect passwords. With account lockout, an account is locked (and cannot be used for logon) when a specified number of incorrect passwords are entered. – Depending on the policy settings, locked accounts might be unlocked automatically after a period of time. – You can unlock a locked account by editing the account properties in Local Users and Groups. – If an account is locked because the user forgot the password, an administrator can change the password using Local Users and Groups. As a best practice when changing the password for a user, the password the administrator configures should be a temporary password. In the user account properties, select the User must change password at next logon option to require the user to change the password after logging on with the temporary password.
  5. 5. Authentication • A disabled account cannot be used for logon. – You will typically disable an account that is no longer needed or that will not be used for a long period of time. – You can manually disable and enable an account; however, you cannot manually lock an account (you can only unlock a locked account). Accounts are locked automatically through the account lockout settings. • When accessing shared folders or Remote Desktop on a network computer, the user account must have been configured with a password. User accounts with blank passwords cannot be used to gain network access to a computer (configure a password first, then try to reconnect).
  6. 6. Three Factors • Something You Know – Passwords • Something You Have – Tokens – Smartcards • Something You Are – Biometrics
  7. 7. Authentication Methods • Password (vs Passphrase) – How many characters can your Windows password be? – Which is harder to crack? A complex password or a long passphrase? • http://www.sans.org/windows-security/2009/06/12/how-long-tocrack-a-password-spreadsheet/ • Smart Card • Biometric – What are the problems with biometrics?

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