Paragraph Writing

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Paragraph Writing

  1. 1. Body Paragraphs Writing Paragraphs of Importance
  2. 2. Body Paragraphs Purpose The body paragraphs in your essay support the main idea in your thesis statement by breaking it down into smaller ideas or subtopics. Ideas in your paragraphs should relate back to the thesis statement. Introduction & Thesis Statement Body Paragraph 1 _____________ Body Paragraph 2 _____________ Body Paragraph 3 _____________ Body Paragraph 4 _____________ Body Paragraph 5 _____________ Essay
  3. 3. Body Paragraphs Most paragraphs contain between five to ten sentences. The first line of a paragraph is usually indented (begin a few spaces to the right of the margin) to show that there is a new paragraph. Form ________________________ . ____________________. _____________________. _________________________. ____________________________. ____________________. ______________________. ______________________________. indent
  4. 4. Key Features Body paragraphs should should contain some of the following features… <ul><li>A Topic Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting Sentences </li></ul><ul><li>A Concluding Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Unity </li></ul>
  5. 5. Topic Sentences Every paragraph should have a topic sentence. This is the most important sentence because it expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Definition
  6. 6. Body Paragraph An important factor in learning a foreign language has to do with the concept of intrinsic versus extrinsic motivation. When we do something for the “fun of it” or because we enjoy it, that is called intrinsic motivation. Extrinsic motivation, on the other hand, is when we do something for the purpose of receiving some kind of external reward such as money, time off from work, etc. Many education experts believe that intrinsic motivation is more powerful when it comes to helping students retain what they’ve learned. The question and challenge for teachers today is, “How can we help our students become intrinsically motivated in what we are teaching?” Example Topic Sentence Topic Sentence: states the main idea of the paragraph.
  7. 7. Topic Sentence Essentials Complete Sentence There are several things you need to remember when writing topic sentences. The first is that topic sentences are always complete sentences.
  8. 8. Example Strategies of learning English. There are many strategies that you can use to help you learn a new language. Not a complete sentence
  9. 9. Example The Day of the Dead. The Day of the Dead is a special holiday in Mexico when people can get together to remember deceased loved ones. Not a complete sentence
  10. 10. Topic Sentence Essentials Two Parts A topic sentence contains the topic of the paragraph and a controlling idea . The controlling idea limits the topic to something very specific.
  11. 11. Topic Sentence Companies should develop more efficient forms of energy such as solar heating panels. Example This sentence does not contain a controlling idea. This is not a good topic sentence, because it does not limit the topic to make it more specific. Controlling Idea : limits the ideas in the paragraph and makes the sentence more specific. Topic Sentence Companies need to develop more efficient forms of energy. Topic: names the main idea
  12. 12. Example #2 Topic and Controlling Idea Topic Sentence One of the most serious problems in today’s inner-city public schools is overcrowded classrooms. Topic: names the main idea or general subject of the paragraph Controlling Idea : makes a specific comment about the subject. Tells the reader what the paragraph will say about the main topic.
  13. 13. Example #2 Topic and Controlling Idea Topic Sentence One of the most serious problems in today’s inner-city public schools is the low percentage of trained teachers. Topic: names the main idea or general subject of the paragraph Controlling Idea : makes a specific comment about the subject. Tells the reader what the paragraph will say about the main topic.
  14. 14. Be Careful! Make sure that your topic sentence does not contain too many controlling ideas.
  15. 15. Topic Sentence The advent of the Internet has benefited society through improved communication. Example There are too many controlling ideas to be covered in one paragraph. A good topic sentence should be limited to one controlling idea. Most topic sentences contain only one controlling idea. Topic Sentence The advent of the Internet has benefited society through improved communication, access to information, and streamlined commerce.
  16. 16. Supporting Sentences Definition Every paragraph has sentences that relate to the ideas in the topic sentence. These sentences are called supporting sentences. Look at the supporting sentences on the next page to see how the writer provided more information on the subject in the topic sentence.
  17. 17. Supporting Sentences Topic Sentence An important factor in learning a foreign language has to do with the concept of intrinsic versus extrinsic motivation. <ul><li>When we do something for the “fun of it” or because we enjoy it, that is called intrinsic motivation. </li></ul><ul><li>Extrinsic motivation, on the other hand, is when we do something for the purpose of receiving some kind of external reward such as money, time off from work, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Many education experts believe that intrinsic motivation is more </li></ul><ul><li>powerful when it comes to helping students retain what they’ve learned. </li></ul>Supporting Sentences
  18. 18. Concluding Sentence A concluding sentence is the last sentence in a paragraph. A conclusion can remind the reader of the main points of a paragraph and/or leave the reader with something to think about in relation to the topic. Look at the next page to see how the writer used a concluding sentence. Definition and Purpose
  19. 19. Body Paragraph An important factor in learning a foreign language has to do with the concept of intrinsic versus extrinsic motivation. When we do something for the “fun of it” or because we enjoy it, that is called intrinsic motivation. Extrinsic motivation, on the other hand, is when we do something for the purpose of receiving some kind of external reward such as money, time off from work, etc. Many education experts believe that intrinsic motivation is more powerful when it comes to helping students retain what they’ve learned. The question and challenge for teachers today is, “How can we help our students become intrinsically motivated in what we are teaching?” Concluding Sentence This concluding sentence tries to leave a final thought with the reader by asking a question.
  20. 20. Concluding Sentence Useful Expressions It is sometimes helpful to have a concluding expression in your last sentence to signal the end of your paragraph. Some common expressions used in concluding sentences are listed below. <ul><li>As we can see, </li></ul><ul><li>These examples show that… </li></ul><ul><li>As a result, </li></ul><ul><li>In summary, </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, </li></ul><ul><li>Consequently, </li></ul>
  21. 21. Unity Definition Good paragraphs have unity. That means that each sentence in the paragraph is related to the topic sentence. Unified paragraphs also discuss only one main idea.
  22. 22. Body Paragraph One of the recent status symbols for many American business people is the palm pilot. Palm pilots are small electronic devices that help people organize information such as dates for meetings, short notes, and addresses of contacts. Fax machines are also very popular among office workers. With palm pilots, a person can input information at any time and any place. Many business people also have cellular phones so that they can make phone calls from just about anywhere. When a person returns to the office from a business trip, he/she won’t have to spend hours organizing notes or addresses, because the palm pilot already has that information. All that person has to do now is hook up the palm pilot to a personal computer, and voila! All the information from meetings is efficiently organized on the hard drive of the personal computer! Find the sentences that are “off topic” or do not relate to the topic sentence. Topic Sentence These sentences do not relate to the topic sentence in the paragraph. This paragraph does not have unity.

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