TDC 1 - Class 5
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  • 1. TDC 1Pedagogical GrammarClass 5Review
  • 2. Review – Parts of SpeechIn the paragraph below, find an example of each of the partsof speech. In grammar, a clause is what we call the smallest grammaticalunit that can express a complete proposition. In some languages, itmay be a pair or group of words that consists of a subject and apredicate, although in other languages, in certain clauses, thesubject may not appear explicitly as a noun phrase, being insteadmarked on the verb. The most basic kind of sentence consists of asingle clause. More complex sentences may contain multipleclauses. Clauses may be independent or dependent. Independentclauses are those that could stand as a sentence bythemselves, although they may be used connected with otherclauses in a longer sentence. Dependent clauses are those thatwould be awkward or nonsensical if they are used alone, and theymust be used in a sentence that also contains an independentclause.
  • 3. Review – ClausesNow identify the dependent clauses and classify them intoadjective, adverb or noun clauses. In grammar, a clause is what we call the smallest grammaticalunit that can express a complete proposition. In some languages, itmay be a pair or group of words that consists of a subject and apredicate, although in other languages, in certain clauses, thesubject may not appear explicitly as a noun phrase, being insteadmarked on the verb. The most basic kind of sentence consists of asingle clause. More complex sentences may contain multipleclauses. Clauses may be independent or dependent. Independentclauses are those that could stand as a sentence bythemselves, although they may be used connected with otherclauses in a longer sentence. Dependent clauses are those thatwould be awkward or nonsensical if they are used alone, and theymust be used in a sentence that also contains an independentclause.
  • 4. Review – SentencesThese sentences were taken from the text in the previousslide. Classify them into simple, compound, complex orcompoud-complex sententes.1. In grammar, a clause is what we call the smallest grammaticalunit that can express a complete proposition.2. The most basic kind of sentence consists of a single clause.3. Clauses may be independent or dependent.4. Dependent clauses are those that would be awkward ornonsensical if they are used alone, and they must be used in asentence that also contains an independent clause.
  • 5. Review – PhrasesThese are sentences from the paragraph you have analyzed.Find the following types of phrases in them: Noun Phrase Verb Phrase Adjective Phrase Prepositional Phrase Adverb Phrase1. In some languages, it may be a pair or group of words thatconsists of a subject and a predicate, although in otherlanguages, in certain clauses, the subject may not appear explicitlyas a noun phrase, being instead marked on the verb. 2. More complex sentences may contain multiple clauses. Clausesmay be independent or dependent. Independent clauses are thosethat could stand as a sentence by themselves, although they maybe used connected with other clauses in a longer sentence.
  • 6. Review – Subject, Predicate, Verb Transitivity Identify the sentences below, using the following abbreviations.subject (s) transitive verb (tv) subject complement (sc)direct object (do) intransitive verb (iv) object complement (oc)indirect object (io) linking verb (lv)1. The most basic kind of sentence consists of a single clause.2. Clauses may be independent or dependent.3. More complex sentences may contain multiple clauses.4. One must consider these clauses dependent constructions.5. Students must give the study of dependent clauses the propervalue.
  • 7. Review – Verb TensesCome up with a verb in each of the tenses below.1. simple present:2. present progressive:3. present perfect:4. present perfect progressive:5. simple past:6. past progressive:7. past perfect:8. past perfect progressive:9. simple future:10. future progressive:11. future perfect:12. future perfect progressive: