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TDC 1
Pedagogical Grammar
Verb Tenses to Express Present Time
Present Verb Tenses
- Not as easy as one might assume. Basically, ...
1) Actions that happen repeatedly - ________________...
Present Verb Tenses
Verb Tense Example Meaning
Simple
Present
I study Chinese every day. a habitual or repeating
action
Pr...
Present Verb Tenses
BE CAREFUL
1) The Present Simple can also be used to talk about scheduled
events in the future.
Exampl...
Past Now Future
X X X X X I X X X X X
Simple Present
What ELLs Should Know
--s in the third person singular
-Irregular for...
Past Now Future
X I X
Present Progressive
What ELLs Should Know
-am/is/are + present participle
-Formation of present
part...
Past Now Future
X X X X X I
Present Perfect
What ELLs Should Know
-has / have + past participle
-Formation of past
partici...
Past Now Future
X X X X X I
Present Perfect Progressive
What ELLs Should
Know
-has / have + been +
present participle
Sing...
Negative Forms
Typical ELL Errors
-I no speak French well. // The soup doesn’t smells good.
-The man is not like this food...
Contractions
Typical ELL Errors
-I amn’t from northern India.
-Linda’s bought a new car. It’s an amazing sound system.
Ten...
Forming Questions
Typical ELL Errors
-Do Luke like hockey? // Does Valery goes to class every day?
-Is Mary have a sports ...
Present Tenses
Portuguese Interference Common Errors
English Present Perfect tense can be
rendered in Portuguese by the
pr...
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Tdc 1 present verb tenses

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Transcript of "Tdc 1 present verb tenses"

  1. 1. TDC 1 Pedagogical Grammar Verb Tenses to Express Present Time
  2. 2. Present Verb Tenses - Not as easy as one might assume. Basically, ... 1) Actions that happen repeatedly - _________________ 2) Actions that are happening right now - _____________ 3) Actions that began in the past and are still happening now - ________________ Typical ELL Errors -I am in this city for all my adult life. -The solution to my problem isn’t depend on another person. -Is working your uncle at the bank now? -Modern cars are having much better tires than in the past. -Do you have worked at this bank since the last time I saw you? Simple Present Present Progressive Present Perfect
  3. 3. Present Verb Tenses Verb Tense Example Meaning Simple Present I study Chinese every day. a habitual or repeating action Present Progressive I am studying Chinese today. a current action Present Perfect I have studied Chinese since 2006. an action that began in the past and continues to be true Present Perfect Progressive I have been studying Chinese all morning. an action that began in the past and is continuing now (with emphasis on the fact that it is still happening now.
  4. 4. Present Verb Tenses BE CAREFUL 1) The Present Simple can also be used to talk about scheduled events in the future. Example: The train arrives at five tomorrow. 2) The Present Progressive can also be used to talk about future arrangements. Example: We are visiting grandma tomorrow. 3) The Present Perfect can also be used to talk about actions that happened at an unspecified time in the past. Example: I have already been to Miami.
  5. 5. Past Now Future X X X X X I X X X X X Simple Present What ELLs Should Know --s in the third person singular -Irregular forms (-ies / -es / has) Singular Plural I walk we walk you walk you walk he/she/it walks they walk Verb Tense Example Meaning Simple Present I study Chinese every day. a habitual or repeating action Typical ELL Errors -Laura cook scrambled eggs for breakfast every day. -My baby sister crys when she is hungry. -I am walk to school every day.
  6. 6. Past Now Future X I X Present Progressive What ELLs Should Know -am/is/are + present participle -Formation of present participles* Singular Plural I am walking we are walking you are walking you are walking he/she/it is walking they are walking Typical ELL Errors -We study very hard for tomorrow’s test. -The earth is going around the sun once a year. -My baby brother crying now. -He is siting on the table. -I am having two cars. Verb Tense Example Meaning Present Progressive I am studying Chinese today. a current action
  7. 7. Past Now Future X X X X X I Present Perfect What ELLs Should Know -has / have + past participle -Formation of past participles* Singular Plural I have walked we have walked you have walked you have walked he/she/it has walked they have walked Typical ELL Errors -I lived here my whole life. -Sarah have rented the same apartment since 2005. -Sarah has already complete all the homework. -Macy has putted the book on the teacher’s table. Verb Tense Example Meaning Present Perfect I have studied Chinese since 2006. an action that began in the past and continues to be true
  8. 8. Past Now Future X X X X X I Present Perfect Progressive What ELLs Should Know -has / have + been + present participle Singular Plural I have been walking we have been walking you have been walking you have been walking he/she/it has been walking they have been walking Typical ELL Errors -I been waiting for the bus for almost 45 minutes. -I am waiting for the bus for almos 45 minutes. Verb Tense Example Meaning Present Perfect Progressive I have been studying Chinese all morning. an action that began in the past and is continuing now (with emphasis on the fact that it is still happening now.*
  9. 9. Negative Forms Typical ELL Errors -I no speak French well. // The soup doesn’t smells good. -The man is not like this food. // We don’t have eaten yet. Tense Negative Form Simple Present I/you/we/they + do + not + verb he / she / it + does + not + verb Present Progressive I am + not + present participle you/we/they + are + not + present participle he / she / it + is + not + present participle Present Perfect I/you/we/they + have+ not + past participle he / she / it + has + not + past participle Present Perfect Progressive I/you/we/they + have+ not + been + present participle he / she / it + has + not + been + present participle What ELLs Should Know -Most difficult – Present Simple*
  10. 10. Contractions Typical ELL Errors -I amn’t from northern India. -Linda’s bought a new car. It’s an amazing sound system. Tense Affirmative Negative Simple Present ----- do not – don’t does not – doesn’t Present Progressive I am – I’m he/she/it is – he’s/she’s/ it’s you/we/they are – you’re, we’re, they’re am not - --- is not – isn’t (he’s not...) are not – aren’t (you’re not...) Present Perfect + Present Perfect Progressive I/you/we/they have – I’ve / you’ve / we’ve / they’ve he / she / it has – he’s / she’s / it’s* I/you/we/they have not – haven’t (I’ve not...) he / she / it has not – hasn’t (he’s not...)
  11. 11. Forming Questions Typical ELL Errors -Do Luke like hockey? // Does Valery goes to class every day? -Is Mary have a sports car? // Do you wearing a new tie today? -How many international trips did you have taken in your life? Tense Negative Form Simple Present do + I/you/we/they + verb does + he / she / it + verb Present Progressive am + I + present participle are + you/we/they + present participle is + he / she / it + present participle Present Perfect have + I/you/we/they + past participle has + he / she / it + past participle Present Perfect Progressive have + I/you/we/they + been + present participle has + he / she / it + been + present participle What ELLs Should Know -Most difficult – Present Simple*
  12. 12. Present Tenses Portuguese Interference Common Errors English Present Perfect tense can be rendered in Portuguese by the present form or the past form. 1. “I live here all my life.” 2. “I already watched this film.” Portuguese speakers frequently use the simple present to talk about the future. 1. “If you need a ride to the store, I take you.” 2. “In a little while, I cook dinner.” In Portuguese, the ending of verbs change according to the subject. Students might get confused. In Portuguse, there are no auxiliary verbs used to form questions or to form negative sentences in the Simple Present. 1. “___You want to go?” 2. “I no want to go.”
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