Review Definitions of Grammar English Studied by Native Speakers X English Studied as a Foreign Language The History of English Direct Approach X Indirect Approach Prescriptive Grammar X Descriptive Grammar Deductive Teaching X Inductive Teaching
Parts of Speech• Noun• Pronoun• Adjective• Verb• Adverb• Preposition• Conjunction• Interjection
Approaches to Explaining theParts of Speech• Giving Definitions• Questions• Slot and Filler • Nouns - I have a ____. a ____ the ____ five ____ ____s*
Parts of Speech - Nouns the name of a• Definition person, place, thing, quality, e who? – Who took the money? motion...• Questions what?see an _____. eat? - I – What did you - She is a _____.• Slots - There are four _____. - the _____ - _____ is important.1. Common X Proper2. Concrete X Abstract Workbook Page 39 ELLs’XUsual Errors?3. Count Non-count
Parts of Speech• NounA noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place,thing, and abstract idea.• PronounA pronoun can replace a noun or another pronoun. Youuse pronouns like "he," "which," "none," and "you" tomake your sentences less cumbersome and lessrepetitive.
Parts of Speech• AdjectiveAn adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun bydescribing, identifying, or quantifying words. An adjectiveusually precedes the noun or the pronoun which itmodifies.• VerbThe verb is perhaps the most important part of thesentence. A verb asserts something about the subject ofthe sentence and express actions, events, or states ofbeing. The verb or compound verb is the critical elementof the predicate of a sentence.
Parts of Speech• AdverbAn adverb can modify a verb, an adjective, anotheradverb, a phrase, or a clause. An adverb indicatesmanner, time, place, cause, or degree and answersquestions such as "how," "when," "where," "how much".• PrepositionA preposition links nouns, pronouns, and phrases toother words in a sentence.
Parts of Speech• ConjunctionYou can use a conjunction to link words, phrases andclauses.• InterjectionAn interjection is a word that shows emotion. It is notgrammatically related to the rest of the sentence.
Phrases, Clauses and Sentences• A word is the smallest element that may be uttered in isolation with semantic or pragmatic meaning.• A phrase • A clause • A sentence consists of consists of consists of one or more one or more one or more words. phrases. clauses.• Based on the entries above, come up with your own definition of the terms phrase, clause and sentence.
Phrases, Clauses and Sentences • A phrase is a group of words (or sometimes a single word) that form a constituent and so function as a single unit in the syntax of a sentence.Examples:The title of the course that she was looking forwas Woodland Ecology.
Phrases, Clauses and Sentences • A clause is the smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition.Examples:The title of the course that she was looking forwas Woodland Ecology.
Phrases, Clauses and Sentences • A sentence is a grammatical unit expressing an independent statement , question, request, etc, often preceded and followed in speech by pauses.Example:The title of the course that she was looking forwas Woodland Ecology.
HomeworkBook:- Pages 42 – 73 (Self-study) “Parts of Speech”Workbook:- Pages 38 – 62 (Self-study) “Parts of Speech”Extra Exercise:- “Parts of Speech”
Moodle Week1) Grammar Key 13 4) Why the Twelve• Word Forms English Verb Tenses Matter • Participial Parts of a Verb2) Grammar Key 5 • Verb Tenses - Introduction• Count and Non-count Nouns3) Grammar Key 7• Articles