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Patrícia gonçalves   bruna sardinha - juliana canielo
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Patrícia gonçalves bruna sardinha - juliana canielo


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  • 1. The Article by Juliana Canielo, Patrícia Gonçalves and Bruna Sardinha
  • 2. Article It is a word used with a noun to indicate grammatical definiteness. Three categories: definite, indefinite and zero article. Indefinite Article Definite Article Zero Article
  • 3. Indefinite Article  a/an We use the indefinite article before singular count nouns and adjectives. a is used before a noun or an adjective + noun, that begins with a consonant sound. − She gave me a beautiful flower. an is used before a noun or an adjective + noun, that begins with a vowel sound. − It's an elephant.
  • 4. Indefinite Article  What is important to know: − The indefinite article used before words beginning with the letters h or u depends on these letters sound. − a unique (begins with consonant sound /y/). − an unexpected visit (begins with a vowel sound). − a house (begins with consonant sound /h/). − an hour (begins with a vowel sound).
  • 5. Indefinite Article  What is important to know: − A and an are moderns forms of the word one. In some time back in History the speakers separated one as a numeral and started to use an only as article. The form a emerged after that. − Indefinition means uncertain or undecided. The indefinite article is used to show that the statement, idea or word is not a particular one.
  • 6. Indefinite Article  Its uses: − Something mentioned for the first time.  I have a new book. The book is called “The Iliad”. − Irrelevant identity.  It's just a book. − General statement.  An idea is never ideal.
  • 7. Indefinite Article  Common ELL Mistakes − Omission of an article.  Wrong: Anna is girl.  Correct: Anna is a girl. This case is frequent with Chinese, Japanese and Russian speakers. It happens because their language do not have articles.  Wrong: Daniel is Police Officer.  Correct: Daniel is a Police Officer. This happens a lot with Latin languages speakers. It is a misuse of direct translation. It is specific to sentences with professions after the verb be.
  • 8. Definite Article  the: We use the definite article to show that the noun is a particular one. − This is the book I've told you about.
  • 9. Definite Article  What is important to know − It is used for singular and plural nouns.  John is the book writer.  The birds that were in the cage have escaped.
  • 10. Definite Article  Its uses: − To specify:  The box on the table is empty. − When the speaker and the listener are talking about the same item.  Jake, leave the TV on! − Second and on references.  We are looking for a new apartment. The apartment must be near the park.
  • 11. Definite article  Its uses: − Superlative form  That's the best pizza I've ever tasted. − Names of country names that look plural or end with -s  Have you ever been to the United States? − Parts of something (except body parts).  I saw his new car at the other day. The color is great and the wheels are fantastic.
  • 12. Definite Article  Its uses: − Bodies of water (except individual lakes)  There it is! The Arno River is beautiful. − Geographic sites.  I've been through the desert on a horse with no name.
  • 13. Definite Article  Common ELLs mistakes: − Overuse  Wrong: I like the football.  Correct: I like football. This happens when speakers want to refer to the whole category of something.  Wrong: The love is my vice.  Correct: Love is my vice. In English Language we should not use article before abstract nouns.
  • 14. Zero Article  It is the abscence of an article. − [ ] Kindness is a virtue.
  • 15. Zero Article  What is important to know: − There are a few situations that we do not use any article in English. In some languages the lack of article means that the noun is definite; − In some cases the definite article can be omitted .
  • 16. Zero Article  Its uses: − Category or group in general  [ ]Brazilians are usually friendly. − Before abstract nouns  I believe in [ ] faith.
  • 17. Zero Article  Common ELLs mistakes:  ELLs tend to overuse articles, using them in unecessary places. The rules are: 1. When you talk about a category or group in general, use no article; 2. Use no article before abstract nouns such as feelings or ideas.
  • 18. Article  What Your Students Should Know: 1. Do not use a singular count noun without an article; Wrong: list, elephant, huge house Correct: A list, an elephant, the huge house 2. Do not use a with a noun that begins with a vowel sound; Wrong: A honor Correct: An honor
  • 19. Article What Your Students Should Know: 3. Do not use the with plural count nouns that refers to the whole category; Wrong: I like the Italians. Correct: I like [ ] Italians. 4. Do not use the with abstract nouns or ideas. Wrong: The justice is blind. Correct: [ ] Justice is blind.