Marcos's PowerPoint Presentation - Infinitives and Gerunds
Marcos Cordeiro Fleury
Some errors1. Write letters in English is not so difficult for me now, but I used to have a lot of problems.2. I am so sorry for not to inform you about what has happened to me in the past few days, but I have been extremely busy.3. We were tired, so we stopped to drive. After taking a rest, we then drove all the way home.4. Thanks for wrote an e-mail to me. I can’t tell you how happy I was to receive your news.5. I want that you to eat dinner with me tonight.
Form and Function NounInfinitives Adjective Gerunds Adverb IMPORTANT: Verb ≠ Verb Form
Subject Gerund InfinitiveUsual Formal“Speaking three languages is hard.” “To speak three languages is hard.”
Show Purpose or Reason Purpose To achieve their goal, the officials quickly hired a new manager.
Do I use an infinitive or a gerund? Gerunds Different Same Verb + meaning Meaning Infinitives Noun/Pronoun Pages 203, 204 and 205“We may dread visiting the dentist’sdecidedwillwatch TV by“I intended to to cook/cooking but I dinner but we cannot avoidPage 204. like you tolast night, now, office, to be ready “I you begin study help me tonight.” “Ifwouldgoing there.”instead. 7:30.”
Make, Let, Have, Help Base formVerb + Noun/Pronoun + Infinitive “She made the children eat their vegetables.”
Prepositions Preposition + Gerund “Thank you for doing this favor for me.”
Common ELL mistakes 1. Do not use infinitives after verbs that take gerunds ( and vice versa). wrong: Many parents avoid to give sweets to their kids. correct: Many parents avoid giving sweets to their children.2. The most common verb form for the subject of a sentence is a gerund. wrong: Drive to Boston is more dangerous than fly there. uncommon: To drive to Boston is more dangerous than to fly there. correct: Driving to Boston is more dangerous than flying there.3. Don’t use a plural verb form with a gerund or infinitive as subject.Don’t be tricked by a plural object after the gerund. The object of agerund does not affect the verb. wrong: Eating green vegetables are good for your health. correct: Eating green vegetables is good for your health.
Portuguese interference • In English, some verbs are followed by infinitives, and other are followed by gerunds. No other language requires this grammatical distinction.• ELLs overuse that-clauses instead of infinitives when the first verb expresses a command or strong desire. Common errors include *I want that you help me or *She told that I arrive at noon.
Class plan • Separate the students in pairs and give each pair a piece of paper with a question like “What do you enjoy doing?”, “What do you need to do today?” and “ Do you prefer _____ or _____ ?”.• Separate the verbs in three rows and ask the students the differences between them.• Correct any mistakes and give more examples of verbs followed by gerunds, infinitives or by both.
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