It’s likely that he’s home already.I’m glad that I had the possibility to come.It’s possible that’ll rain tomorrow.Daddy, you’d better pick me up at 7.Do you can swim?You must to do it.She doesn’t must finish it.
PROBLEMS:-choosing when and which one to use-questions/negatives involving modal verbs-some ELL’s try to conjugate modal verbs-sometimes ELL’s imitate other verbs’spattern-overstress the modal verbs when theyshould be pronounced weakly
WHAT’S A MODAL VERB?It’s an auxiliary verb (or helpingverb), so we can’t use it on its own.Sometimes it’s called modal-auxiliary.
CATEGORIES OF MODAL VERBSI – PURE:can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, would.Characteristics: -not conjugated -are followed by the bare infinitive -negatives with not -inverted with the subject in aquestion -no past form
II – SEMI-MODAL VERBS...and their characteristics*OUGHT TO: not frequently used in neg/int(for those, people use SHOULD)*HAD BETTER: similar to pure modal, butconsisting of two words*HAVE TO/HAVE GOT TO: modalmeaning, but not form. They use do/did forneg/int. (BR-> Yes, I have // AM -> Yes, Ido.)
*BE ABLE TO: modal meaning, but notform Pure Modal Verbs are generally used torefer to the present/future---- Semi Modal Verbs can be used in the fullrange of tense forms.
ORGANIZING BY MEANINGREQUESTCan you tell me the time, please?Could you pass me the pepper?Would you give me a hand?May you come with me?Might I bring some beer?
ORGANIZING BY MEANINGPERMISSIONCan I dance with ya?Could you give me the pleasure of a dance?Would you mind if I open the window?May I open the door?
ORGANIZING BY MEANINGOFFERCan I give you a hand?Could I bring you some beer?Would you like another glass?May I help you?
ORGANIZING BY MEANING NECESSITY / OBLIGATION I must be at home by 5. You have to get a visa to go to the UK.
ORGANIZING BY MEANINGPOSSIBILITY / PREDICTIONPalmeiras may/might/could win everythingthis year.Palmeiras should win everything this year.Palmeiras must win everything this year.Palmeiras will win everything this year.
ORGANIZING BY MEANINGADVICE / SUGGESTIONYou should have some soup before youleave, it’s cold outside.Ok, you’d better be home early.(father talking to daughter)
ORGANIZING BY MEANINGEXPECTATIONThere were loads of (cans of) beer in thefridge when the party started. So thereshould be some more left.
ORGANIZING BY MEANINGCONCLUSION / LOGICAL DEDUCTIONPalmeiras must be one of the best teamsever.(telephone rings)“It has to be her!”
COMMON ELL MISTAKESFrank should give us a break with thesequizes.Palmeiras will win everything.She can’t ride a horse.Can you ride a horse?Yesterday I was able to ride a horse for thefirst time.
COMMON ELL MISTAKESFrank should to give us a break with thesequizes.Palmeiras will wins everything.She doesn’t can ride a horse.Do you can ride a horse?Yesterday I could ride a horse for the firsttime.
IMPORTANT CURIOSITIESI – REPORTED SPEECHcan -> couldmay -> mightmust -> had toII- NEEDN’T, DARE, SHALLIII – MODAL VERBS WITHOUT MODALMEANINGShould it happen, we are prepared for it.
LESSON PLANI – An inconvenient truthII – Discussion about global warmingIII - Jobs Transportation Communication Clothes
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