Ana and luciana's articles


Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ana and luciana's articles

  1. 1. TDC 1 - Articles Ana Lia Rea Moreira Salles Pinto e Luciana Pereira Jardim Ceylão
  2. 2. Articles - Definitions  Indefinite Article – the determiner a or an, which marks an unspecified count noun.  Give me a pen, please.  I will be there in an hour.  Definite Article - the determiner the, which refers to particular nouns.  The university is closed today.  Zero Article - no article before a noun  I like coffee.  Dinner is served.
  3. 3. ELLs X Articles  Languages that have no articles  Chinese, Japanese, Malay, Polish, Russian,Thai,Vietnamese  Languages that have only one definite article  Arabic  Languages that have the same articles as English but their usage does not overlap exactly  French, German, Spanish
  4. 4. Indefinite Articles - Rules Use the indefinite articles a and an only before singular count nouns. Use these articles with singular count nouns that are not specific and are being mentioned for the first time. Use a before a noun or an adjective (+noun) that begins with a consonant sound  a pen/ a blue pen Use an before a noun or an adjective (+noun) that begins with a vowel sound  an idea/ an absurd idea For words that begin with the letters H or U, the use of a and an depends on the beginning sound of the word  a hat / an hour  a university / an umbrella
  5. 5. Definite Articles - Rules  Use the to talk about something specific  The umbrella next to the door is not mine.  Use the when the speaker and listener are talking about the same specific item  William, don’t forget to close the refrigerator.  Use the for the second and all other references to the same noun  James and I bought a new computer last month. The computer let us access the Internet really quickly.  Use the with the superlative form of an adjective (most or –est)  Diamonds are the most expensive jewelry.  Use the for the names of countries that look plural or have the words united, union, republic or kingdom  the Philippines, the Netherlands, the United States, the Republic of Angola.
  6. 6. Definite Articles - Rules  Use the for the parts of something (exception – body parts)  Her kitchen is beautiful. The refrigerator is silver and the stove is black.  Use the with most bodies of water except individuals lakes  the Mississippi River / the Pacific Ocean / the Great Lakes (but Lake Michigan)  Use the with geographic parts of the globe  the equator / the Middle East / the Gobi Desert / the South
  7. 7. No Article - Rules  When you want to talk about a category or group in general, use no article.  Cats can be great pets (general)  The cats in the pet shop are expensive (specific)  Use no article before abstract nouns such as feelings or ideas  A person’s future success depends on education (not on the education)  Patience is a value (notThe patience)
  8. 8. Typical ELLs Errors  Always use an article (a, an, the) before a singular count noun  A job, an apple, the reason, the best choice, a delicious sandwich  Always use the article an with a noun that begins with a vowel sound.  An hour, a heir, an honorable person  Don’t use the with a plural count noun that refers to the whole category  *I don’t trust the politicians.
  9. 9. Typical ELLs Errors  Overuse the when they want to refer to the whole category of something  *The basketball is my favorite sport.  Use the with count nouns that refer to whole category  *I can understand the nouns and the verbs much better.  Use the with abstract nouns or ideas  *People need the patience.  *The education is the most important thing.  Use a with non uncountable nouns  *I will send you a feedback.  Omit a before a count noun  *Every family dreams about ___ comfortable and luxurious house.  Omit an indefinite article before a profession  *Mr. Mark is ___ teacher.
  10. 10. Ideas for Teaching  Compare the use of articles in other languages with the use of articles in the English language;  Know that like prepositions, articles take great deal of time to be acquired by ELLS;  Know what to teach about articles according to the level of your students – beginning, intermediate or advanced.