2. Articles in EnglishThere are only three articles in English: a , an and the. Besides the usage of those three ones we have to be aware of the use of no article (ᴓ).
3. Indefinite articlesThey are a and an.They are used before singular count nouns or adjective + count nouns;“an” is used for nouns that begin with vowel sond. Remember that “h” and “u” can be tricky. Ex: an hour and a university.* The use of “a” and “an” is determined by the sound not the spelling.
4. Indefinite articlesWords beginning with h or u depend on thebeginning sound:a hat a universityan hour an umbrella
5. Definite articleWe use “the” when we are talking about something specific;When the speaker and the listener are talking about the same specific item;For the second and all other references to the same noun;With the superlative form of an adjective;
6. Definite articleFor the name of countries that look plural, ending in -s or with the words united, union, republic or kingdom;Parts of something (except for body parts);Most bodies of water (except individual lakes);With geographic parts of the globe and geographic areas, deserts and peninsulas.
7. No articles• Before plural and noncountable nouns when talking about things in general: “I like potatoes.” / “Milk is good for you.”• Before countries, towns, streets, languages, magazines, meals, airp orts, stations, and mountains: “I had dinner with John.” / I bought Cosmopolitan at South Station.”• Before some places and some forms of transport (at home, at/to school, at/to work, in/to bed, by bus, by train, by car, by plane, on foot): “She goes to work by bus.” / “I was at home last night.”• In exclamations with what + a noncount noun: “What beautiful weather!”
8. Common ELL mistakes No use of a singular count noun without an article (or other determiner) Example: job instead of a job Use of a with a noun that begins with a vowel sound Example: a heir instead of an heir No use of the with a plural count noun that refers to the whole category Example: I dont trust politicians. Not I don’t trust the politicians.
9. Common ELL mistakes• Use of the with with abstract nouns and ideas. Example: “Imagination is more important than knowledge.” Albert Einstein Not The imagination is more important than the knowledge.
10. Common mistakes Portuguese native speakers makeThe definite article is used for specific things as in English, but it is also used when referring to the whole group .The definite article must be used with abstract nouns.Unlike English, Portuguese has singular and plural forms of their indefinite and definite articles.
11. Now, let’s practicethe correct use of the articles.
12. Correct statement:1. I’m going to mall.Would you like anything? the
13. Correct the statement:2. My brother’s architectin big company inLondon. an a
14. Correct the statement:4. I bought pair ofsunglasses on MainStreet. a
15. Correct the statement:3. Tokyo is capital city inJapan. the
16. Correct the statement:5. I live in small town inmountains in Canada. a the
17. Correct the statement:6. What beautiful newcoat you’re wearing! a
18. Correct the statement:7. I’m reading interestingbook at the moment. an
19. Watch the video and complete the sentences with articles:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DO6LF54ByhM1. ____ commercial is about ____ brand of beer.2. In ____ scene, there is ____ girl and ____ man, who is drinking ____ beer.3. They are in ____ bar. ____ bar is empty.4. At ___ end of ____ commercial, ____ man calls ____ waiter because ____ beer was over.