WCIT2010

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Keynote at WCIT 2010 on Open Data for Open Government

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WCIT2010

  1. 1. Prof. Frank van Harmelen VU University Amsterdam WCIT 2010 Open Data for Open Government Semantic, Linked, Open INTRODUCTION 15 MINUTES
  2. 2. PRESENTATION OVERVIEW Semantic Linked Open Fact or Fiction Agenda Open Data for Open Government Semantic, Linked, Open
  3. 3. Open Data for Open Government Semantic , Linked, Open What does it feel like to be a computer? CV education work private      name
  4. 4. Open Data for Open Government Semantic , Linked , Open http://..../CV http://..../name What does it feel like to be a computer? CV http://..../ education http://..../ http://..../ work private      name
  5. 5. Open Data for Open Government x T [<x> IsOfType <T>] <village> “ Harmelen” On the Web, anybody can say anything about anything Semantic, Linked , Open different owners & locations
  6. 6. Open Data for Open Government Semantic, Linked , Open      On the Web, anybody can link to anything    
  7. 7. Open Standards, Web-enabled: XML, RDF Open Standards, Web-enabled: HTTP, SPARQL <ul><li>FOAF for social relations </li></ul><ul><li>GeoRSS for geospatial data </li></ul><ul><li>Dublin Core for documents </li></ul><ul><li>COVO for statistical datasets </li></ul><ul><li>SKOS for categories & concepts </li></ul>Open Data Formats Communication Protocols Shared vocabularies Open Data for Open Government Semantic, Linked, Open
  8. 8. Publish data items as Web objects Allow relations between data-items as web-links Use shared vocabularies to describe data & relations Simple open standards for data formats & protocols Summary so far Publish Link Describe Interoperate Open Data for Open Government Semantic, Linked, Open
  9. 9. Implications for Government agencies Don’t just publish documents but publish the data underlying the documents Open Data for Open Government Semantic, Linked, Open Don’t just build a website but publish the data underlying the site Enable others to build applications an websites with your data
  10. 10. Data.gov <ul><li>in one year </li></ul><ul><li>growth from 47 datasets to 250.000 datasets from 250 agencies </li></ul><ul><li>200+ applications built by third parties </li></ul><ul><li>97.6 million hits </li></ul><ul><li>But: much of it not in RDF, not web-enabled </li></ul><ul><li>Students of RPI in 8 months: </li></ul><ul><li>web-enabled 6.4 billion facts </li></ul><ul><li>created applications for: </li></ul><ul><li>plot broadband capacity against internet use </li></ul><ul><li>faceted browsing on all of data.gov </li></ul><ul><li>plotting postal service expenditure against performance (effectiveness) </li></ul><ul><li>plotting wildland fires against agency budgets (effectiveness) </li></ul><ul><li>uncover interstate migration from tax forms </li></ul><ul><li>plot family income against medicare claims </li></ul><ul><li>compare agency budgets across three public budget datasets </li></ul><ul><li>plot social networks of people visiting the White House </li></ul>Fact or Fiction? Status in US: data.gov Open Data for Open Government Semantic, Linked, Open
  11. 11. Data.gov 6 Other nations establishing open data Canada, Ireland, Norway, Australia, New Zealand 8 States now offering data sites California, Utah, Michigan, Massachusetts, Washington, ... 8 Cities in America with open data San Francisco, New York City, Austin, ... Fact or Fiction? Followers from data.gov Open Data for Open Government Semantic, Linked, Open
  12. 12. data.gov.uk <ul><li>started in early 2010 with 3000 datasets </li></ul><ul><li>faceted search </li></ul><ul><li>include Ordnance Survey data </li></ul><ul><li>map safety of bicycle routes </li></ul><ul><li>inform home buyers about their new neighborhood. </li></ul><ul><li>school finder (UK, NL) </li></ul><ul><li>nursery finder </li></ul><ul><li>pollution alert </li></ul><ul><li>fix my neighbourhood </li></ul><ul><li>regional expenditure map </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.wheredidmytaxgo.co.uk/ </li></ul>Fact or Fiction? Status in UK: data.gov.uk Open Data for Open Government Semantic, Linked, Open
  13. 13. Who’s next? already data at the World Bank: data.worldbank.org informal initiatives in Scotland, Austria, Germany, Denmark, ... informal initiatives at the European Commission: Eurostat ec.europa.eu/eurostat/ European tendering ted.europa.eu Semantic Interoperability Centre semic.eu Fact or Fiction? Future Open Data for Open Government Semantic, Linked, Open
  14. 14. WCIT 2010 Open Data for Open Government it was an agenda item for Obama and Brown should it be an agenda item for Ms. Neelie Kroes?

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