Geographic Information Systems in the Oil & Gas Industry


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The presentation discusses the rise of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in the oil and petroleum industry. It provides brief background on GIS and the features that it offers, applications in the oil and gas industry and future directions of this technology.

Published in: Business, Technology

Geographic Information Systems in the Oil & Gas Industry

  1. 1. <ul><li>THE RISE OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS (GIS) AS A TOOL TO AID DECISION MAKING IN THE GAS AND PETROLEUM INDUSTRY </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Group 9 Francois Viljoen Nosizo Pindela Graham Sithole Thule Mdletshe Jerome Losper Charles Weber Marion De Wet
  2. 3. <ul><li>The United States of Geological Survey (USGS) defines GIS as </li></ul><ul><li>“ A computer system capable of capturing, storing, analysing and displaying geographically referenced information; that is, data identified according to location” </li></ul><ul><li>(Goodchild, 2009) </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>“ Unconsciously used by humans for centuries” </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shortest way to travel from point A to B? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Concerned about distance & cost thereof </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best location for your business? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Concerned about target market </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Traffic volume </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Demographics </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Two different data types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raster </li></ul></ul>
  5. 7. <ul><li>Exploration </li></ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution and Pipeline </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation of Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Integration </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>Used to locate geological structures that could accumulate oil: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seismic surveys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gravitational </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Magnetic </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>Applied in oil production for: </li></ul><ul><li>Area surveying using GPS </li></ul><ul><li>Pipeline inspection </li></ul><ul><li>Leak detection </li></ul><ul><li>Workflow process automation </li></ul><ul><li>Mapping transmission of </li></ul><ul><li>products to a facility </li></ul><ul><li>Keep track of drilling platforms, pipeline networks & refineries </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>“ Pressure from stakeholders and regulators is forcing the Gas & Oil industry to adopt green technology and practices” </li></ul><ul><li>GIS is be used to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve sustainability accounting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental monitoring and </li></ul></ul><ul><li>reporting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrate data across the industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benchmarks </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>Integrating GIS with other information systems tools can enable a wide range of applications in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilities management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pipeline management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GIS must be integrated with ERP systems in a real-time, peer-to-peer scenario to unlock real value </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>Improved efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Cost saving </li></ul><ul><li>Better decision making </li></ul><ul><li>Improved communication, </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. Virtualization </li></ul><ul><li>Record keeping </li></ul><ul><li>Management tool </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>Human tracking (especially in times of natural disasters such as earth quakes) </li></ul><ul><li>Greater contribution from ordinary citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Further developments of Google Earth & Google Maps </li></ul><ul><li>Future landscape designs </li></ul><ul><li>Real time observation of traffic systems </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in the richness of data </li></ul>
  12. 14. THANK YOU