The tempest act five
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The tempest act five

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  • Please note that although we have provided act, scene and line references for all quotations, these should be taken only as an approximate guide as line numbers vary between different editions of the text.
  • Worksheet One accompanies this slide.
  • Worksheet Two accompanies this slide.
  • V.1.7–32 are quoted above.
  • Line 20 could be variously interpreted to mean that Ariel has no feelings (i.e. his affections would become tender if he were human and possessed them); that he has feelings, but for himself and/or his own kind, not for human beings; that he has feelings, but of an entirely different order or quality of those of human beings; or that although he denies having feelings, the fact that he is able to empathize with Alonso and his associates means that he must, in some sense, be capable of them.
  • The line references for the material on this slide are as follows: V.1.87, 93–96; V.1.225–226, 240–241; V.1.316–318.
  • The answer to the third question is that Prospero has learned self-control. He has learned to do what is right rather than doing what he wants.
  • You may choose to only use this background information with more advanced students.
  • V.1.130–134 are quoted above.
  • Worksheet Three accompanies this slide.
  • The original table can be found on slide 9 of The Tempest Act One.ppt .
  • Worksheet Five accompanies this slide. The correct answers are: 1 – D 2 – B 3 – C 4 – A 5 – B 6 – D 7 – A 8 - B

The tempest act five The tempest act five Presentation Transcript

  • The Tempest Act Five The Tempest Act Five Icons key: For more detailed instructions, see the User Guide Flash activity. These activities are not editable. Teacher’s notes included in the Notes Page Extension activities Sound Web addresses Accompanying worksheet 1 of 22 1 of © Boardworks Ltd 2006
  • Learning objectives In this presentation you will… Gain an overview of the plot of the fifth act Consider the handling of time in the play Conclude your examination of the relationship between Prospero and Ariel Conclude your study of the character of Prospero Consider the similarities between Prospero and Caliban Think about the purpose of the epilogue Revise your knowledge of the whole play 2 of 22 2 of © Boardworks Ltd 2006
  • Act Five plot summary 3 of 22 © Boardworks Ltd 2006
  • Time in The Tempest Both Prospero and Shakespeare control time in The Tempest very carefully. All the action takes place in one afternoon – the same time as it takes for the audience to watch the play. PROSPERO: Now does my project gather to a head. PROSPERO: Ariel, thy charge Exactly is performed; but there’s obey; and time My charms crack not, my spirits more work. What is the time o’ the day? How’s the day? Goes upright with his carriage. ARIEL: ARIEL: On the sixth hour – at which time, my lord, Past the mid-season. You said our work should cease. PROSPERO: At least two glasses. The time ’twixt six PROSPERO: I did say so, and now Must by us Iboth bethe tempest.preciously. When first raised spent most [V.1.1–6] [I.2.237–241] What effect might seeing events played out in ‘real time’ have on the audience? 4 of 22 © Boardworks Ltd 2006
  • What happens when? 5 of 22 © Boardworks Ltd 2006
  • Prospero and Ariel 6 of 22 © Boardworks Ltd 2006
  • Prospero and Ariel – questions How do you think Prospero feels in Act Five, Scene One, lines 20–24? Look carefully at line 20. Do you think Ariel has feelings, or not? If you were the director, how would you ask your Ariel to deliver this line? If you were the director, how would you ask Prospero to deliver line 19? Sharply? Gruffly? Sarcastically? In surprise? Curiously? Indulgently? As if ashamed? Do you think Ariel is solely responsible for Prospero deciding to forgive his enemies, or had Prospero’s character already begun to change? Give reasons for your answer! 7 of 22 © Boardworks Ltd 2006
  • Ariel’s freedom 8 of 22 © Boardworks Ltd 2006
  • Forgiveness Though with their high wrongs I am struck to the quick, Yet with my nobler reason gainst my fury Do I take part. The rarer action is In virtue than in vengeance. (V.1.25–28) The play began with Prospero raising a tempest to bring his enemies within his grasp. While they are on the island he torments them with visions and insanity, and allows Alonso to believe that his son is dead. By the end of the play, however, he resolves to forgive them (providing they are sorry for their crimes). 9 of 22 © Boardworks Ltd 2006
  • Forgiveness – questionsRead Prospero’s speech from line 25 to line 32. How can you tell that Prospero is still angry with his enemies? Do you think he finds forgiveness easy? To take revenge is to exercise power or control over someone else. What different sort of control has Prospero learned during the course of the play? Do you think this makes him more or less powerful? Do you think this makes him a better ruler, or not? 10 of 22 © Boardworks Ltd 2006
  • Magic Graves at my command Have waked their sleepers, oped, and let ’em forth By my so potent art. But this rough magic I here abjure … … I’ll break my staff, Bury it certain fathoms in the earth, And deeper than did ever plummet sound I’ll drown my book. (V.1.48–57) Revenge is not the only thing Prospero renounces in Act Five. In lines 33–57 he resolves to give up his study of magic. 11 of 22 © Boardworks Ltd 2006
  • ‘Rough magic’ In the early sixteenth century there was a very thin line between science and magic. On the one hand, many reputable scientists were convinced of the validity of ideas we would now describe as unscientific superstition. Even Galileo (1564–1642) believed in the influence of the heavenly bodies on human destiny, and Elizabeth I consulted astrologers about many important affairs of state. On the other hand, witchcraft remained a capital offence. Many village wise women who prescribed folk remedies (some of which have now been scientifically proven to be effective) were burned as witches. 12 of 22 © Boardworks Ltd 2006
  • Good or evil? Think back to Act One, Scene Two. Prospero contrasted his own learned, rational magic with the ‘sorceries’ practised by Caliban’s mother, the ‘foul witch Sycorax’ (1.2.257–293). Do you think Prospero has used his magic for good rather than evil? Give reasons for your answer. 13 of 22 © Boardworks Ltd 2006
  • Magic – questions Does Prospero use magic to restore natural order, or to control, manipulate and enslave other people? Do you think it is possible for him to restore order without controlling and enslaving others? What led to him losing his dukedom in the first place? What does his decision to give up magic say about his character? Why is it significant that he chooses to give up magic at the same point that he stops seeking revenge? 14 of 22 © Boardworks Ltd 2006
  • Prospero’s forgiveness 15 of 22 © Boardworks Ltd 2006
  • Prospero and Caliban 16 of 22 © Boardworks Ltd 2006
  • ‘This thing of darkness…’ What is the significance of Prospero’s line, ‘this thing of darkness I / Acknowledge mine’ (V.1.275–276)? What do you think Caliban could symbolize? What do you imagine will happen to Caliban now that Prospero and Miranda are going back home? 17 of 22 © Boardworks Ltd 2006
  • Prospero’s costume At certain points in the play, Prospero is described in the stage directions or the dialogue as wearing magic robes. What is the symbolic significance of Prospero’s change of costume in Act Five? Fetch me the hat and rapier in my cell. I will discase me, and myself present As I was sometime Milan. (V.1.84–86) If you were the costume designer, how would you design Prospero’s robes to represent his different powers? 18 of 22 © Boardworks Ltd 2006
  • Hotseat: a brave new world? 19 of 22 © Boardworks Ltd 2006
  • Epilogue 20 of 22 © Boardworks Ltd 2006
  • Review your predictions! After you had finished reading Act One you made predictions about what revenge Prospero would take on his enemies. Return to the table you completed and review your ideas. Did Prospero behave as you expected? CHARACTER CRIME PUNISHMENT Antonio, Prospero’s Usurped Prospero as brother Duke of Milan Alonso, Aided Antonio against King of Naples Prospero Sebastian, Plans to kill Alonso and Alonso’s brother become King Stephano, Plans to kill Prospero a drunken servant and rule the island 21 of 22 © Boardworks Ltd 2006
  • How much do you remember? 22 of 22 © Boardworks Ltd 2006