A Student Study Guide To A Streetcar Named Desire


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An unedited version (ie uncorrected as yet) version of a Study Guide devised by students to Williams' classic play

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A Student Study Guide To A Streetcar Named Desire

  1. 1. Scene 1Extract 1:She continues to laugh. BLANCHE comes around the corner, carrying a valise. She looks at aslip of paper, then at the building, then again at the slip of paper and again at the building.Her expression is one of shocked disbelief. Her appearance is incongruous to this setting.She is daintily dressed in a white suit with a fluffy bodice, necklace and earrings of pearl,white gloves and hat, looking as if she were arriving at a summer tea or cocktail party in thegarden district. She is above five years older than STELLA. Her delicate beauty must avoid astrong light. There is something about her uncertain manner, as well as her white clothes,that suggest a moth.Eunice: (finally) What‟s the matter honey? Are you lost?Blanche: (with faintly hysterical humour) They told me to take a streetcar named Desire,and then transfer to one called Cemeteries and ride six blocks and get off at – Elysian Fields.Eunice: That‟s where you are now.How does Williams make Blanche‟s entrance in “streetcar” so striking in extract 1?Word classes: In this extract, particularly in the stage directions Williams uses lots of concrete nouns to really give Blanche‟s entrance a sense of realism. E.g. Williams thoroughly describes Blanche‟s appearance and clothing using concrete nouns, such as “earrings of pearl, white gloves and hat”. The fact Williams uses lots of concrete nouns to describe Blanche could be to suggest that her appearance becomes significant later in the play and also to make her entrance in the beginning of the play more realistic for the audience, so they really get an idea of just what Blanche is like, right from the beginning of the play. Williams also uses an abstract noun when talking about Blanche‟s “delicate beauty”. I think this presents her as someone who is very pretty yet fragile at the same time, very much like a doll or a fairy. She may look beautiful from the outside but there could be something deeper inside of her that makes her a delicate person. Throughout the stage directions Williams uses adjectives the modify the concrete nouns describing Blanche‟s appearance. Again I feel these adjectives such as “a fluffy bodice” help to create a really vivid image of Blanche and her entrance. Williams also uses many adverbs to describe Blanche‟s behaviour and actions more effectively. For example, “with faintly hysterical humour” gives a sense of something not being quite with her humour and I think the two words “faintly and hysterical” almost contradict each other and the two words together don‟t quite make sense which could actually be a reflection of Blanche‟s behaviour being not quite right. As traditionally acting in a hysterical way would mean being affected by an extreme uncontrollable emotion and as a result means you become very loud and draw
  2. 2. attention to yourself, whereas here Blanche does this subtly. Another way of viewing this word is looking at in the context of the playOther Notes: The fact that Williams establishes from such a early stage in the play that Blanche‟s “appearance is incongruous to the setting” suggests that this idea of her appearance being very odd may become significant later in the play. Following on, the quote also shows that right from the beginning of the play Blanche is perceived as an outsider to the New Orleans setting and in this instance the sense of her not fitting her is reflected through her appearance and the fact she is dressed as if she were to go to a “cocktail party”. The pearl earrings and white gloves connote a person of a higher class and instantly produce a representation of Blanche being somewhat “more posh” than her current surroundings of New Orleans. In this extract there is an example of alliteration as the stage directions indicate Blanche is “daintily dressed”. The repeated use of the soft consonant “d” suggests Blanche as a delicate and almost fragile person. This idea is later supported by the quote her “delicate beauty”. Again this idea of her being daintily dressed links back to my earlier point of her almost being seen as “doll-like” with beauty on the outside dressed in pretty clothing, yet underneath her clothes she is a fragile person. Throughout the stage directions there is a semantic field highlighting Blanche‟s instability and Williams uses words such as “delicate”, “uncertain manner”, “incongruous”, “hysterical humour.”Essay Question – How does Williams make Blanche’s entrance so striking in thisextract?“Her appearance is incongruous”. The use of the adjective “incongruous” instantly suggestsan idea of Blanche‟s appearance being very odd and as this idea is established very early onin the play, it could suggest that this idea becomes significant later on in the play. Followingon, this quotation also shows that Blanche is perceived as an outsider in comparison to theNew Orleans setting and in this instance the sense of Blanche not fitting in is representedthrough her appearance. For example Williams describes Blanche‟s appearance in a lot ofdetail using many concrete nouns such as the “earrings of pearl” and “white gloves”. Thefact Williams uses lots of concrete nouns to describe Blanche could be to suggest theimportance of Blanche‟s appearance later on in the play and also to make her entrance morerealistic for the audience, so they really gain a vivid idea of just what Blanche is like, rightfrom the beginning of the play.For example, This is effective as the audience can alreadybegin to build up opinions and attitudes towards Blanche and her behaviour. Williamsmodifies the concrete nouns by using adjectives which work to create a vivid image ofBlanche, for instance, “a fluffy bodice”. Here the lexis, “earrings of pearl” and “white gloves”are also significant as these concrete nouns connote a person of a higher class and instantlyproduce a representation of Blanche being somewhat “more posh” than her current NewOrleans settings and fits the idea of her appearance being “incongruous” to the setting.
  3. 3. As well as using concrete nouns to describe Blanche, Williams also uses abstract nouns todescribe Blanche‟s appearance. For example, he describes Blanche‟s “delicate beauty”. Ithink this presents Blanche as someone who is very attractive yet fragile at the same time,very much like a doll or fairy. She may look beautiful from the outside but there could besomething deeper inside of her that makes her a vulnerable person. The idea of her beingbeautiful could also be represented through her “white gloves” as the use of the adjective“white” could connote the idea of purity and being very innocent, again like a doll or a fairy.Within the stage directions there is an example of alliteration as Williams‟ indicate Blanche is“daintily dressed”. The repeated use of the soft consonant “d” suggests Blanche as adelicate and almost fragile person. This idea is supported by the quote recognising Blanche‟s“delicate beauty”. Again this idea of her being “daintily dressed” links back to the earlierpoint of Blanche almost being seen as “doll-like” with beauty on the outside dressed inpretty clothing, yet being a vulnerable, fragile person inside.Williams uses many adverbs to describe Blanche‟s behaviour and actions more effectively, inmore detail. For example, “with faintly hysterical humour” gives a sense of something notbeing quite right with Blanche and the adverb “faintly” and the verb “hysterical” almostcontradict each other and the two words don‟t quite make sense when reading it in today‟scontext which could actually be a reflection of Blanche‟s strange progression of behaviourthroughout the play. As traditionally, acting in a hysterical way would mean being affectedby an extreme uncontrollable emotion and as a result you become very loud and drawattention to yourself, whereas here Blanche does this subtly which could show her trying tohide her behaviour from others.Throughout the stage directions there is a semantic field highlighting Blanche‟s instabilityand Williams uses lexis such as “uncertain manner” and “incongruous” to describe Blanche‟sappearance and behaviour. The fact that Williams establishes Blanche‟s instability anduncertainty from very early on in the play could be to suggest its importance later on in theplay. Blanche‟s uncertain behaviour is also recognised by some of the characters veryquickly as Eunice uses an interrogative, “What‟s the matter honey? Are you lost?” Thisshows that Eunice has already recognised Blanche‟s uncertainty within these newsurroundings and this idea of Blanche‟s instability is established very early on in the play andits significance carries on as a theme as the play progresses.
  4. 4. Question: Write an entry to Blanche’s diary about the happenings of thenight (extract 1).I’m totally stunned about the events of this astonishing and eventful night.My beautiful sister has been the victim of this outrageous attack and outburst of violence. Istill cannot understand how a man who claims to love a women as much as Stanley does,can turn on her for no apparent reason and treat her in such a way that she is scared to benear him. Not only is it a horrifying act but it is made 10 times worse by the fact that mybeloved sister is carry his first precious child and maybe their only child after the incidentsof tonight – well that’s what I believe should be the punishment of this despicable assault.He does not deserve to be with my sister for any longer she is precious and needs to belooked after by someone who loves her dearly and meets her every need. She should ofnever got involved with this animalistic man who is worthy of her.Not only was I terrified by his acts but Stella left me speechless too; Stella, Eunice and I wereat Eunice’s place upstairs recovering from the shock of Stanley’s actions. All of a sudden wecould all hear Stanley shouting for Stella, Eunice went out and told him he should give up asStella wasn’t giving in ‘this time’ (that comment made me ridiculously uneasy ‘this time’!!).However Stanley continued to pursue Stella shouting and shouting, I sat on the edge ofEunice and Steve’s bed – which may I say, I didn’t want to think about too much, I waspetrified for what he might do if we kept ignoring him. I was willing myself not to thinkabout it, ‘concentrate on making sure Stella was ok’ I kept saying to myself, I was thinkingabout where we would sleep and attempting to keep myself busy too block out thehorrendous noise coming from that nasty, vicious man outside.Whilst I was getting a nice, relaxing bit of liquor I didn’t notice Stella leave, if I hadn’t beenso selfish thinking about myself she would never have gone out there, maybe then shewould have come with me sisters together again. But no she’d gone out in the Quarter –with – him. I could hear him saying sweet words to her, a long list of apologies and excuses.As soon as I noticed she had gone I ran outside, down the stairs and they were nowhere tobe seen. I turned towards the apartment – the light was on in the bedroom, I knew whatwas happening, I hope she sees the real him one day and realises I was right, that she can doso much better! I saw Mitch out in the Quarter, again he seemed awfully charming and weagain had a pleasant conversation but that’s a another story for another day!
  5. 5. Creative writing: Write a dialogue between Mitch and his mother whichoccurs after this scene (extract 2).Mitch arrives home after his encounter with Blanche. He enters and whist taking off his coatand shoes his mother calls out from another room.MOTHER: is that you Mitch?MITCH: yes (in a lower and quieter voice) sorry did I wake you.MOTHER: it is ok son, I couldn’t sleep anyway (coughs violently)MITCH:erm well, there was a little incident, nothing out of the ordinary anyway (walkinginto the kitchen)but its all sorted now.MOTHER: oh ok then sweet heart, are you in the kitchen?MITCH: yesMOTHER: could you –MITCH: already making you one.MOTHER: aw, what would I do without you?MITCH: (saddened tone, out of mothers ear shot)no, what will I do without you.Mitch enters his mother’s room with a hot drink, he helps her sit up in bed whilst shecontinues to cough violently. He then rests on the end of her bed and confides in her.MITCH: mother (hesitates) can I ask you something?MOTHER: go right ahead.MITCH: I – I’ve met a erm –MOTHER: (enthusiastically)a young women?MITCH: (embarrassed but very happy) yes, she’s wonderful mother so innocent and natural(smiling)MOTHER: go on.. what does she look like?MITCH: she has short hair with a beautiful wave in it (full of eagerness and getting excited)she’s quite a bit smaller than me and she’s quite petit and cute, she is just perfect?MOTHER: well –MITCH: you don’t like the sound of her do you?MOTHER: let me finish, I was going to say she sounds lovely but you have failed to tell methis young ladies name.MITCH: Blanche, Blanche DuBois, she’s Stella sister.MOTHER: and where does this Blanche come from?MITCH: she comes from Laurel and was a teacher there.His mother’s face has brightened ever since she has seen how happy Mitch has been whilsttalking about Blanche, yet she still has a pale and frail look.MOTHER: well, she sounds great Mitch when you next see her, you be sure to tell me all thedetails. We will talk more in the morning, I’m getting tired now.MITCH: ok well we can talk over breakfast. (whilst helping her lay back down in bed)MOTHER: Ok night son, I love you.
  6. 6. Scene 5
  7. 7. Scene 6
  8. 8. Scene 8How does Williams show Stanley’s anger in this extract?Extract 1-Blanche- Apparently Mr Kowalski was not amused.Stella- Mr Kowalski is too busy making a pig of himself to think of anything else!Stanley- That’s right, baby.Stella- Your face and your fingers are disgustingly greasy. Go and wash up and then help me clear the table.He hurls a plate to the floorStanley- That’s how I’ll clear the table! (he seizes her arm.) Don’t ever talk that way to me! “Pig – Polak –disgusting – vulgar – greasy!” – them kind of words have been on your tongue and your sister’s too much arearound here! What do you two think you are? A pair of Queens? Remember what Huey Long said – “Every manis a King!” And I am the King around here, so don’t forget it! (He hurls a cup and saucer to the floor.) My placeis cleared! You want me to clear your plates?Stella begins to cry weakly. Stanley stalks out on the porch and lights a cigarette. The Negro entertainersaround the corner are heard.Discourse- of class superiority- your fingers and face are disgustingly greasy- physical revulsion?-Stella from higher class than StanleyWord Classes / Register Syntax Informal- ‘baby’ – shows Stanley’s Imperative- ‘go and wash up and then help me comfortableness clear the table’- Stella becoming superior to Adjective- ‘disgustingly’- patronising, Stella Stanley becoming a little superior to Stanley so he has to Asyndetic- ‘Pig – Polak – disgusting – vulgar – reassert his authority greasy!” shows his anger, completely ‘he hurls a plate to the floor’- explosion of violence spontaneous, so angry he can not use ‘and’- shows ‘He seizes her arm’- Bully like behaviour impoliteness lists nouns and adjectives Exclamatory- Stanley’s outburst of anger ‘!’ harsh ‘Every Man is a King’- two nouns- ‘man’ and ‘king’ contrast to the smooth talking of Blanche’s parrot shows complete superiority to Stella- says it after story previously- represents his personality- asking S and B if they thought they were ‘a pair of cannot predict what he will do next. Queens?’ they are not on the same level. Comes back to the imperative- ‘don’t ever talk that Adverb- ‘weakly’ – shows Stella’s complete way to me!’- reasserting his authority vulnerability. Contrast to Stanley’s lighting of a cigarette- disregard for her feelings. Verb- ‘stalks’ – animalistic features once more, stalking his prey, features of a rapist?Vocabulary / Phonology Figurative Language Semantic fields- superiority- switches from Stella Symbolism ‘Pig!.....Polak!.....disgusting…..vulgar….. to Stanley greasy!’- discourse of class inferiority (Stanley) Alliteration- ‘Pig….Polak!’- creates harsh tone- shows his pure anger- spitting the words out- P is a hard consonant sound
  9. 9. Scene 9SCENE 9 Essay Question: Analyse scene 9, how is the grammar usedeffectively? What other techniques does Williams use?Here is an extract from Scene 9. (96)Blanche: ‘My, my, what a cold shoulder! And a face like a thundercloud! And suchuncouth apparel! Why, you haven’t even shaven! The unforgiveable insult to a lady!But I forgive you. I forgive you because it’s such a relief to see you. You’ve stoppedthat polka tune that I had caught in my head. Have you ever had anything caught inyour head? Some words, a piece of music? That goes relentlessly on and on in yourhead? No, of course you haven’t, you dumb angel-puss, you’d never get anythingawful caught in your head!’This extract is from scene 9, where Mitch has just arrived to see Blanche and he isacting very differently. She talks a lot in this part, answering her own questions andtalking on and on, it seems to be rushed. This extract is effective because of thegrammar used. The Noun ‘thundercloud’ is effective as it is used as a simile todescribe Mitch’s facial expression. The noun creates very dark, unhappy, angryconnotations. Which is powerful because this is how Mitch appears to be. Theadjective ‘uncouth’ describes how Mitch is. It is effective as it is a contrast to how hewas acting before, this adjective makes us believe he is now abrupt, coarse anddistant towards Blanche, it also demonstrates the distraught Blanche’s past broughtto Mitch. ‘Cold shoulder’ is irony, as Mitch is a guest to the house, and yet is givingBlanche the cold shoulder. ‘You dumb angel-puss’ This is effective grammarbecause these are low- frequency lexis words that were possibly only used at thetime of the play. However the words are still effective and make it seem like she isdescribing Mitch as Looney and she is accusing Mitch to have tricked her that he istrying to convince her of something that is not true. Blanche uses the conjunctionword ‘and’ which creates a list like effect. It adds emphasis to what she is noticingabout him. This extract is particular good in showing the effective grammar usedas itis portraying Blanche’s reaction to the changes she has noticed in Mitch. She seemsquite shocked here and in this extract you can see her refined language compared toMitch’s plain-speaking language. He adapts his register to talk to her.Another extract in scene 9 (98) shows how the grammar is effectively used.Blanche: …’why it’s a liqueur, I believe! Yes, that’s what it is, a liqueur! (Mitchgrunts). I’m afraid you won’t like it, but try it, and maybe you will.Mitch: ‘I told you already I don’t want none of his liquor and I mean it. You ought tolay off his liquor. He says you’ve been lapping it up all summer like a wild-cat!’
  10. 10. Blanche: ‘What a fantastic statement! Fantastic of him saying it, fantastic of you torepeat it! I won’t descend to the level of such cheap accusations to answer them,even.’ Here, we see Mitch playing on what Stanley has told him about Blanche.Mitch uses lots of grammar beginning with ‘L’ This is alliteration. ‘liquor, lay, liquor,lapping’ it is repeated sound of a particular consonant. So this words sound harshand hard. This grammar creates a sense of mocking Blanche and shows Mitch asbeing strong and dominant in the conversation as he is not using any soft words.Also in this extract, Blanche uses repetition on the adjective ‘fantastic’. Doing this iseffective as shows there is atmosphere as she is being sarcastic towards Mitch. Italso begins with a consonant, and therefore is also a harsh sound. This could showthat the atmosphere between Blanche and Mitch is quite tense and awkward at themoment. The adjective ‘cheap’ is a short, strong-sounding word that Blanche usestowards Mitch. This again reinforces the tense atmosphere between the two whichmakes it effective. The noun ‘liquor’ is effective in this extract because we know it isalcohol and by being used more than once refers to Blanche being hooked onto thisspecific type of alcohol. We know she has been looking around for liqueur and byMitch using this word against her, shows her problem of drinking. Using the noun‘liqueur’ seems to be a cover for Blanche. It is her way of avoiding why Mitch hasreally come to see him. This noun also creates atmosphere in the scene because byher finding the liqueur is not solving Mitch’s problem, and it foreshadows thenegative consequences of their relationship. As shown there are many adjectivesand nouns in this extract that reveal a lot and are effective in the scene.The final extract I would like to look at which shows how grammar is usedeffectively in scene 9 is (102)Mexican Woman: ‘(softly) corones…’Blanche: ‘-and on the way back they would stagger on to my lawn and call-“Blanche! Blanche! – The deaf old lady remaining suspected nothing. But sometimesI slipped outside to answer their calls…and later the paddy-wagon would gatherthem up like daisies…the long way home…’This extract is taken from the end of scene 9 where Blanche is reminiscing and hermind is being taken back to her past. It is almost like she is telling a story about whathappened to her. The Mexican woman plays a key part in this scene and is veryeffective in this particular extract.The noun ‘corones’ is Spanish for Chorus/Choir.This is an effective noun because the connection between chorus and death reflectsthe grim prospects of Blanches emotional release. We can recognize that in thisextract Blanche has wandered into a trance, she is unknowing of her surroundingsand having the Mexican woman talking about particular nouns, such as ‘flowers’ and‘death’ is seen as effective as it could symbolize Blanche releasing her inneremotions. The noun ‘paddy wagon’ is low frequency lexis. We would refer this tomeaning ‘a police van’ and here it is referring to Blanches ‘suitors’ not being about toescape. By talking about this, whilst in her trance, foreshadows her insanity at this
  11. 11. moment. ‘gather them up like daisies’ this simile is effective as it contrasts with whatBlanche has been discussing. The noun ‘daisies’ is completely different to deathwhich is what Blanche is talking about, therefore this noun stands out. The verb ‘togather’ is a high frequency word. It is a very common and usual word which makeswhat she is doing seem like it happened often, which maybe scarred Blanche. It isalso effective as this could explain why her past keeps coming up as maybe it wasextremely traumatic.I picked these three particular extracts to portray how grammar is used effectively inscene 9. In scene 9, as well as the use of grammar there are other techniques thatare effective in making this a good scene.From examining this scene I see that there are certain quotes that stand out due tothe grammar and technology used in them. For example, Blanche: ‘Mitch! You knowI really shouldn’t let you in after the treatment I have received from you this evening!So utterly uncavalier! But hello, beautiful!’ I think this quote stood out to me becauseit seems like Blanche is rambling on in anger but also in contrast she is very excitedand happy to see him. There is alliteration on the words ‘utterly uncavalier’ it makesyou think about the words in a deeper sense and it seems to accentuate themeaning. After analysing this quote, I have recognized that there is a minor sentencetype, ‘But hello beautiful’ it almost seems as if she has completely lost her train ofthought and attitudes and welcomes him in. Williams includes this minor sentence atthe end to make Blanche seem softer and so that she ends on a positive. It couldshow that she is weaker and just wants to please Mitch.In this scene the use of grammar is used very well to make it an effective scene. Inthis scene there is a lot of tension between Blanche and Mitch and the way thegrammar is used shows this and the atmosphere between them. Right from the startof this scene, seems eerie and like something bad is going to happen at the end.
  12. 12. Scene 10A Streetcar Named Desire Scene 10 analysisExtract 1It is a few hours later that night. Blanche has been drinking fairly steadily since Mitch left. She hasdragged her wardrobe trunk into the centre of the bedroom. It hangs open with flowery dressesthrown across it. As the drinking and packing went on, a mood of hysterical exhilaration came intoher and she has decked herself out in a somewhat soiled and crumpled white satin evening gown anda pair of scuffed silver slippers with brilliants set in their heels. Now she is placing the rhinestone tiaraon her head before the mirror of the dressing-table and murmuring excitedly as if to a group ofspectral admirers.Blanche:How about taking a swim, a moonlight swim at the old rock-quarry? If anyone‟s soberenough to drive a car! Ha-ha! Best way in the world to stop your head buzzing! Only you‟ve got to becareful to dive where the deep pool is – if you hit a rock you don‟t come up till tomorrow…How does Williams portray Blanche in scene 10?How does Williams convey Blanche to be such a complex character?Extract 2They are both now inside the bedroom.Blanche: I warn you, don‟t, I‟m in danger!He takes another step. She smashes a bottle on the table and faces him, clutching the broken top.Stanley:What did you do that for?Blanche:So I could twist the broken end in your face!Stanley:I bet you would do that!Blanche:I would! I will if you…Stanley:Oh! So you want some rough-house! All right, let‟s have some rough-house!He springs towars her, overturning the table. She cries out and strikes at him with the bottle top buthe catches her wrist.Tiger – tiger! Drop the bottle-top! Drop it! We‟ve had this date with eachother from the beginning!She moans. The bottle-top falls. She sinks to her knees. He picks up her inert figure and carries herto the bed. The hot trumpet and drums from the Four Deuces sound loudly.How does Williams make this such a dramatic scene?How does Williams make this such a shocking and revealing scene?
  13. 13. There are many ways in which Williams makes this scene so dramatic, particularly in theextract given. This is through both his usage of language techniques and stage directions.Furthermore, the actions of the scene themselves are powerful to such an extent that thescene alone is extremely dramatic.Firstly the extract opens with striking but simple sentence: „They are both now inside thebedroom‟. The concrete noun „bedroom‟ is one with connotations which immediatelystimulate certain connotations, particularly when setting a scene with which Stanley isinvolved; a character of a strong sexual nature, perhaps the most significant of theseconnotations is sex, as the audience is aware that Stanley‟s nature is inextricably entwinedwith his sexuality from previous conversation and behaviour. As a result of this, tension isbuilt as the audience cannot help but for it to cross their minds that the prevalence ofStanley‟s urges is a possibility. In turn, the scene is made dramatic by this, due to theaudience being immediately engaged in feelings of tension at the somewhat potentiallyuncomfortable initial atmosphere is created.The initial sexual tension created by Williams is furthered as he uses various adjectives,adverbs and verbs such as „bed‟ „hot‟ , „loudly‟ and „inside‟. Throughout the beginnings of thescene, Williams creates the semantic field of sex through through his deployment of thishigh-frequency lexis. When coupled with the effects of the opening narrative of the scene,this semantic field enhances the already established elements of sexual tension. This isachieved due to the fact that the audience‟s minds are being continuously filled with termswhich come with connotations of this topic. Overall, the dramatic level of the scene is raisedas this tension being created only causes the audience to ponder more so as to how thissuch significant scene will end.The way in which Stanley becomes ever more sarcastic throughout the scene not onlycontinuously created tension, but also in itself creates drama. This is due to the way inwhich Williams conveys Stanley to being in complete control of the situation, for example atthe point he expresses the exclamation, “I bet you would do that!” . His usage of the verb“bet” creates the impression that despite the clear levels of tension between him andBlanche, as well as her frantic state, he is extremely calm. This is as his language choiceconveys him to being sarcastic – an attitude he would not have had he not felt in totalcontrol of the situation. In turn, the scene is made all the more dramatic due to the fact thatthe audience continues to question what will in fact happen between the pair of individuals.This is particularly enhanced when coupled with the way in which the scene does in factend.Stanley‟s sarcastic tone within the scene is more so apparent when examining suchstatements he makes. For example, the interrogative sentence, “What did you do that for?” .This is seemingly mocking of Blanche when considering the fact that she has just smashed abottle in a defensive gesture; magnifying Stanley‟s sarcasm. Furthermore, this interrogativestatement almost reveals his later discovered bad intent as the effect on the tone of Stanleywhich it has enables the audience to believe he is essentially telling Blanche that regardlessof her attempts at defence, she is hopeless and powerless.
  14. 14. The clear defencelessness of Blanche when confronted with Stanley‟s intentions, completesthe drama of the scene. The verbs “cries” and “moans” are both used in the closingmoments of the scene to explain Blanche‟s reactions. These emphasize her helplessness aswell as stimulating an emotional response from the audience as they are forced toempathize with Blanche. Particularly due to the fact that the verb “moans” is used at theclimax of the great levels of tension that have been created throughout the scene.Symbolism is apparent within the final stage directions to strengthen this impression thatBlanche has no hope of escaping Stanley‟s sinister behaviour. The way in which “ the bottle-top falls” is debatably representative of Blanche in the sense that it falls at the same time asshe is finally overpowered by Stanley.In conclusion, there are many way in which Williams makes this scene 10 so dramatic,noticeably in the extract given. Williams uses many language techniques to create certainimpressions upon the audience which only add to the great levels of drama and tensionwithin the scene.