Lazio region peer review  28 june 2013
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Lazio region peer review 28 june 2013

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Selva is a project financed by the Lazio Region ...

Selva is a project financed by the Lazio Region

General Goals

Determination of biomass availability in the short, medium term in the Province of Rieti;
Realization of a decision support system related to the introduction and correct localization of small-scale biomass plants in the Province of Rieti
Analysis of the impact on air quality for the small biomass plants in the Province of Rieti (emissions inventory and air quality assessment)
Realization of a pilot plant at a municipality in the Province of Rieti Analysis of abatment systems from biomass plants
Dissemination to people the right information

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Lazio region peer review  28 june 2013 Lazio region peer review 28 june 2013 Presentation Transcript

  • SELVA PROJECT Energy Scenario in Lazio Region and environment evaluation for the use of biomass Francesco Petracchini CNR NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Research http://www.iia.cnr.it
  • 1. Atmospheric pollution in urban and industrial areas 2. Atmospheric pollution in remote and polar regions 3. Atmospheric Pollution from urban/local to continental/ global scales 4. Indoor Pollution 5. Industrial emissions, assessment of risk and certification of BAT 6. Development of methodologies, technologies, and complex integrated systems aimed to assess environmental quality and sustainability factors 7. Development of interoperable systems for Air Quality management, environmental legislation, and organisation and dissemination of environmental knowledge Main CNR-IIA research fields
  • Rende (Cosenza) Italian Ministry of Environment(Rome) Montelibretti (Rome) Employees T.I. 44 T.D. 75 -> 119 Researchers T.I. 20 T.D. 32 -> 52 Technologists T.I. 6 T.D. 21 -> 27 Tecnicians T.I. 9 T.D. 7 -> 16 Administrative T.I. 9 T.D. 15 -> 24Florence CNR-IIA: LOCATIONS AND STAFF View slide
  • CNR IIA  Observation: • Laboratories • Ground-based sites (urban, industrial, remote and polar areas) • Off-shore sites • High-altitude sites • Remote Sensing (MIVIS - aircraft, satellite)  Modelling: • Atmospheric numerical models (box urban  reg./cont.  global) • Receptor models • Integrated Socio-Economic-Environmental models  GIS /Web GIS  Interoperable systems View slide
  • IPPC: Climate Change 2007 Synthesis Report CLIMATE CHANGE:CAUSES
  • NO2 IN EUROPE: ANNUAL MEAN
  • PM10 NUMBER OF DAY ABOVE THE LIMIT
  • DIRECTIVE 28/CE/2009 The targets set by the Directive 28/CE/2009 involve the implementation of a broad spectrum of action in the field of renewable electrical and thermal properties of biofuels and energy conservation.
  • REGIONAL GOAL– BURDEN SHARING Regioni e province autonome Obiettivo regionale per l’anno [%] anno iniziale di riferimento (*) 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 Abruzzo 5,8 10,1 11,7 13,6 15,9 19,1 Basilicata 7,9 16,1 19,6 23,4 27,8 33,1 Calabria 8,7 14,7 17,1 19,7 22,9 27,1 Campania 4,2 8,3 9,8 11,6 13,8 16,7 Emilia Romagna 2,0 4,2 5,1 6,0 7,3 8,9 Friuli V. Giulia 5,2 7,6 8,5 9,6 10,9 12,7 Lazio 4,0 6,5 7,4 8,5 9,9 11,9 Liguria 3,4 6,8 8,0 9,5 11,4 14,1 Lombardia 4,9 7,0 7,7 8,5 9,7 11,3 Marche 2,6 6,7 8,3 10,1 12,4 15,4 Molise 10,8 18,7 21,9 25,5 29,7 35,0 Piemonte 9,2 11,1 11,5 12,2 13,4 15,1 Puglia 3,0 6,7 8,3 10,0 11,9 14,2 Sardegna 3,8 8,4 10,4 12,5 14,9 17,8 Sicilia 2,7 7,0 8,8 10,8 13,1 15,9 TAA – Bolzano 32,4 33,8 33,9 34,3 35,0 36,5 TAA – Trento 28,6 30,9 31,4 32,1 33,4 35,5 Toscana 6,2 9,6 10,9 12,3 14,1 16,5 Umbria 6,2 8,7 9,5 10,6 11,9 13,7 Valle D’Aosta 51,6 51,8 51,0 50,7 51,0 52,1 Veneto 3,4 5,6 6,5 7,4 8,7 10,3 Italia 5,3 8,2 9,3 10,6 12,2 14,3
  • In December 2005 the European Commission had drawn up a "Biomass Action Plan" (COM 2005/628) aimed at developing the use of renewable energies Agriculture and Forestry. The main objectives of this plan are three: 1. Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions; 2. Protection of employment in rural areas; 3. Limitation of dependence with regard to energy imports. through: 1. Encouraging use of biomass for electricity and heating; 2. promote investment in research to support in particular the production of liquid fuels from wood and debris; 3. promote a campaign to inform farmers and forest on the interest in the development of energy crops; 4. the introduction by each Member State a national scheme that gives clear guidance, authorization services only, EUROPEAN COMMISSION AND BIOMASSES (COM 2005/628)
  • Among the specific objectives that the LAZIO REGION wants to pursue: 1. Stabilize the regional consumption of final energy by 2020 at current levels; 2. Considerably increase the production of energy from renewable sources; 3. Reduce emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere; 4. Cover the electricity needs restoring exports to other regions; 5. Encourage the development of research and technological innovation; 6. Promote the economic development and employment, in particular the development of regional renewable energy sources and efficient use of energy. LAZIO REGION AND RE
  • CNR IIAPRODUCTION FROM BIOENERGY IN PROVINCES (GSE 2011)
  • 1. Involvement in the protection and improvement of the local environment; 2. The use of biomass fuel provides an economic incentive to manage woodland which improves biodiversity. 3. biomass can offer local business opportunities and support the rural economy. 4. The establishment of local networks of production and usage, allows financial and environmental costs of transport to be minimized 5. Less pollution (to be considered) and greater energy efficiency BENEFITS ASSOCIATED WITH THE USE OF BIOMASS
  • Sometimes the business plan had the priority environment analysis. 1. Large plants 2. locations incorrect 3. Lack of involvement of the population in decision-making 4. Retrieval of biomass long distances (no short chain) 5. No checks on the type of fuel input 6. No national technical standards DISADVANTAGES ASSOCIATED WITH THE USE OF BIOMASS
  • PROBLEMS TO SOLVE • Lack of information on the territory • Lack of detailed information on emission inventories • Necessary development of a System to supporto the Policy makers in the planning phase • Necessary Analysis of the environment impact • Involvement of the local population and information activity
  • Introduction
  • Selva is a project financed by the Lazio Region General Goals 1. Determination of biomass availability in the short, medium term in the Province of Rieti; 2. Realization of a decision support system related to the introduction and correct localization of small-scale biomass plants in the Province of Rieti 3. Analysis of the impact on air quality for the small biomass plants in the Province of Rieti (emissions inventory and air quality assessment) 4. Realization of a pilot plant at a municipality in the Province of Rieti 5. Analysis of abatment systems from biomass plants 6. Dissemination to people the right information SELVA: Energy Scenario in Lazio Region and environmental evaluation fo the biomass use
  • WP-1: Collection of information on the availability of biomass WP-2: Analysis of heat-supply chains biomass and biomass-energy WP-3: Identification of sites of dislocation of the plants WP-4: Analysis of the energy scenario WP-5: Analysis of scenarios of air quality WP-6: Installation of monitoring technologies pollution WP-7 Design Plant biomass in the Province of Rieti and installation facility WP-8: Coordination and dissemination of the project. SELVA PROJECT ACTIVITIES
  • • 2.749 km2 • 73 Municipalities • Low population density • 80% mountainous territory • 20% hilly La provincia di RietiTHE PROVINCE OF RIETI • The Province of Rieti, over the centuries has been an important center of transit flows and exchange of products, today undergoes a state of decay due to the depopulation of the mountain villages.
  • REGIONE LAZIO PROVINCIA DI RIETI COMUNITA’ MONTANE PARCHI RISERVE e COMUNI •CARTA GEOLITOLOGICA •IMMAGINI LANDSAT •DEM •PIANO DI SVILUPPO RURALE •PIANO ENERGETICO •PIANO PER IL RISANAMENTO QUALITÀ DELL'ARIA •PIANO DI TUTELA DELLE ACQUE •PIANO DI PREVISIONE E PREVENZIONE ANTINCENDI BOSCHIVI 2008-2011 •PIANO TERRITORIALE PAESISTICO REGIONALE •INFORMAZIONI UTILI SUL TERRITORIO •PIANO DI ASSESTAMENTO FORESTALE •PIANO ENERGETICO PROVINCIALE •PIANO TERRITORIALE PROVINCIALE GENERALE •ORTOFOTO •CARTOGRAFIA PROVINCIALE SHP •FOGLI CATASTALI - IGM 100.000-25.000 •LIMITI GEOGRAFICI COMUNI E COMUNITÀ MONTANE •FIUMI, LAGHI, •STRADE PROVINCIALI E STATALI, FERROVIA •TEMATISMI (BACINI, PARCHI, •SIC & ZPS, VINCOLI) •ELENCO COMUNI CON PIANO ASSESTAMENTO DATA COLLECTION
  • DIGITIZATION ACTIVITY •Creation of shape file (.shp) e related table
  • SELVA WEB GIS http://www.webgis.iia.cnr.it/selva/firefox.html
  • SPOT IMAGE CLASSIFICATION OF THE RIETI PROVINCE
  • SELVA WEB GIS PLATFORM
  • SELVA WEB SITE http://selva.iia.cnr.it/
  • SELVA WEB GIS http://www.webgis.iia.cnr.it/selva/firefox.html
  • SELVA WEB GIS http://www.webgis.iia.cnr.it/selva/firefox.ht ml
  • MODEL TOOLS http://www.webgis.iia.cnr.it/selva/models/Gauss_Plume.html http://www.webgis.iia.cnr.it/selva/models/emissioni.php
  • La provincia di RietiLEONESSA Inhabitants 2.163 Pop. Density per Kmq: 96,9 Area : 22,33 Km2
  • La provincia di RietiLEONESSA
  • La provincia di RietiLEONESSA Livestock waste
  • La provincia di RietiLEONESSA Caldaia di tipo “Marina”, Marca Termotecnica D’Alessandro, Modello CSA – 180GM,
  • PRELIMINARY AIR QUALITY ASSESSMENT
  • PRELIMINARY AIR QUALITY ASSESSMENT
  • AIR QUALITY ASSESSMENT Sito NOx (ug/m3) NO2 (ug/m3) O3 (ug/m3) SO2 (ug/m3) NH3 (ug/m3) Benzene (ug/m3) L1/PM1 5.7 2.9 125.0 < LOD* 2.9 CA1 6.0 4.6 127.9 < LOD 6.7 VO1 8.1 6.0 111.2 < LOD 2.9 VI1 13.5 5.3 94.0 < LOD 3.4 P1 N.D. 2.0 142.3 < LOD 3.2 SG1 6.0 3.8 103.2 < LOD 3.1 T1/PM2 6.6 5.6 101.2 < LOD 12.9 BG1 7.8 7.8 102.0 3.2 83.6 T2 11.2 7.3 120.3 2.6 131.2 S1 6.0 6.3 94.7 < LOD 16.2 TR1 5.5 4.5 129.4 N.D. 19.7 Media 7.6 5.1 113.7 2.9 26.0 Media ARPA Leonessa 4.9 4.4 90.7
  • AIR QUALITY ASSESSMENT
  • COMBUSTION OF BIOMASS The combustion of biomass can create different environmental problems, especially in open burning in plants and not well designed and controlled. Two groups are generated by the combustion of pollutants: •Macro-pollutants (such as PTS, NOx, SOx, CO, TOC,) • Micropollutants (such as PCDD / Fs, PAHs, •PCBs and heavy metals) To understand the emissions from the combustion of biomass, it should primarily refer to their elemental composition and structure. CxHy + O2  CO2 + H2O
  • It is planned to assess the emissions in order to analyze the behavior of the system under varying combustion conditions and the characteristics of the same fuel EMISSIONS MONITORING ACTIVITY
  • FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy) MOBILE UNIT WITH FTIR FOR MONITORING SYSTEMS
  • O2 Analyzer TOC Analyzer OTHER PARAMETERS
  • OTHER PROJECTS: CUBIS CUBIS (Urban Energy from Biomass and Solar) has the overall objective to optimize the integration of a solar thermal plant with a biomass boiler to generate the heat required for the operation of a machine ORC (Organic Rankine Cycle) plant in a cogeneration or trigeneration.
  • OTHER PROJECTS: MOBYBRIQUETTE The project aims to demonstrate the possibility of using an innovative conversion system agricultural waste in the vegetable matrix in briquettes or pellets through the use of a mobile unit able to travel to the area (small and medium-sized communities, agricultural and forestry areas) to operate the conversion of vegetable matrices in briquette
  • FUTURE ACTIVITIES • Biomass plant installation in Leonessa •Heat distribution to the citizens •Air quality assessment and analysis of changes and improvement •Emission monitoring assessment from the biomass plant •WeB Gis Implementation as useful tool for policy makers •Dissemination of results
  • Francesco Petracchini CNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Research Email petracchini@iia.cnr.it Web www.iia.cnr.it