2013 05-23-knowledge triangle


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2013 05-23-knowledge triangle

  1. 1. Semantic annotationof Digital Librariesa model of science communicationFrancesca Di DonatoSNS - ERCfrancesca.didonato@sns.itThis presentation is released under aCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 UnportedKnowledge TriangleNew formulas for science communicationPisa, May 23-24 2013
  2. 2. A new wayof carrying out researchHow we produce scientific resultsHow we store data and resultsHow we disseminate themWhat we can do withHow they are evaluated
  3. 3. An example as a modelEUROCORR Project (ERC -AdG , 2010-2014)Critical edition (on paper and digital) of the unpublishedcorrespondence to Jacob Burckhardt (1842-97)Coordinated by Maurizio Ghelardi (SNS, Principal Investigator), theresearch group involves 5 people (3 humanists, 2 developers, 1"digital humanist")
  4. 4. EUROCORR goals1. publish new materials and tools for the studyof European culture of the second half of 18002. enrich science of new knowledge that will helpto answer interesting research questions
  5. 5. A full OA modelAccess to data (physical layer)Access to data (legal layer)Access to data (technological layer)
  6. 6. Physical layer: manuscripts,transcriptions, metadata, documentation1. Manuscripts (http://www.burckhardtsource.org/box_view_url_shortener?u=Z)
  7. 7. 2. Transcriptions (XML-TEI)
  8. 8. The transcription workflow
  9. 9. 3. Metadata
  10. 10. 4. Documentation (soon on a wiki)Transparency of the research process is essential for replicate it1. Transcription compendium2. Transcription workflow3. XML - TEI Schema4. XML - TEI Schema documentation
  11. 11. Rights on data (sources) and results1a. Manuscripts of thecorrespondence to Burckhardt1b. Burckhardt’s letters (printed edition) (?)2. Project results
  12. 12. Interoperability: Towards open science1. Open source platform (muruca.org)2. XML-TEI (standard)3. Linked Open Data (standard)
  13. 13. open science(in pratice)1. Variations, frequency of relevant terms forauthor3. Salutations, dates, other (?)tag clouds2. B.’s correspondents on a map and a timelinean example: http://goo.gl/5h6Vpa second one: http://goo.gl/w5amR
  14. 14. Semantic annotationof the DL(thepund.it)
  15. 15. Annotations are linked to theWeb of DataWeb of Data (RDF)mash-updbpediaeuropeanaiconclassbibserverAd hoc vocabsex. persons,works of art, biblio-graphies
  16. 16. What can we do withannotations?Some example:1. Network of people discussing about a certaintopic2. Display on a historical map the works of artmentioned in the letterssee:http://goo.gl/6xfUa
  17. 17. We can do moreWhat about the debate on the same topics in theRepublic of Letters?
  18. 18. Other examples1. Polymath Project (2009)A collaborative space for mathematical research3. HapMap (2002) http://hapmap.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/The goal of the International HapMap Project is to developa haplotype map of the human genome which willdescribe the common patterns of human DNA sequencevariation2. GenBank (1996)http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genbank/Genetic data are immediately shared online
  19. 19. 4. Galaxy Zoo http://www.galaxyzoo.org/200.000 volontari collaborano con esperti allaclassificazione delle galassie5. Wikipedia (2000)A collaborative Encyclopedia6. MAPPA Project (2011-14)Study predictive computational tools applicable to thearchaeological potential of an urban areaCreate the first italian open digital archaeological archive7. Transcribe Bentham http://blogs.ucl.ac.uk/transcribe-bentham/A collaborative transcription project
  20. 20. Theopen scienceimperative[M. Nielsen, Le nuove vie della scoperta scientifica, Einaudi, pp. 222-229]
  21. 21. A community of knowledge in arepublic of science
  22. 22. changethe "traffic direction"of science
  23. 23. how groupscan work together to managethe commons (intangible)?
  24. 24. 1. Demanding open science
  25. 25. a) Funding agencies mandate to deposit in OAarchives(ex. ERC, FP7, Horizon2020, National Science Foundation)b) Funding agencies mandate to documentresearchers activities on the WebCreate agreement and consensus in the scientificcommunityand make a long-term strategy
  26. 26. 2. Encourage open science
  27. 27. How adopting new ways of sharing can become animperative for scientists as it is today publishingan article?Science economy is based on reputationPublications: articles/books through journals/seriesThe citation leads to the assessment, which leadsto the reward, which leads to people motivated tocontribute to the science in a new way
  28. 28. Include in the evaluationmechanisms citations of data, wikis,comments, etc.Altmetricshttp://altmetrics.org/manifesto/
  29. 29. Thank youCreditsMaurizio Ghelardi (SNS)Susanne Müller (SNS-ERC)Costanza Giannaccini (SNS- ERC)Alexander auf der Heyde (SNS- ERC)Alessio Piccioli (Net7 www.netseven.it)Michele Barbera (Net7 www.netseven.it)Simone Fonda (Net7 www.netseven.it)Romeo Zitarosa (Net7 www.netseven.it)www.burckhardtsource.orgwww.muruca.orgthepund.itSee also a video on Pundit and semantic annotation at the LODLAM Challenge 2013http://summit2013.lodlam.net/2013/04/03/pundit/