General safety

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General safety

  1. 1. GENERAL SAFETY AND OHSA
  2. 2. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & SAFETY Working without Safety is a Dead-End Job
  3. 3. OVERVIEW <ul><li>Safety is not of safety professional’s job only, </li></ul><ul><li>it is prime responsibility of each individual. </li></ul><ul><li>It is you who will be at risk & because of you or any other, in case of any critical situation due to your unsafe act. </li></ul>
  4. 4. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH? <ul><li>Industrial Hygiene, Occupational Health, Ergonomics. </li></ul><ul><li>Identification, evaluation and control of occupational hazards, if left uncorrected, can cause illness / diseases. </li></ul>Industrial Hygiene <ul><li>Chemical – vapors, mists, gases, solvents, dust, particulates. </li></ul><ul><li>Physical – noise, radiation, vibration, heat / cold stress, ventilation. </li></ul><ul><li>Biological – bacteria…etc </li></ul><ul><li>Ergonomics – fatigue, repetitive, motions, work stations </li></ul><ul><li>(OSHA, HSE (UK), WHO) </li></ul>
  5. 5. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY? <ul><li>Accident / Injury Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Damage Control </li></ul><ul><li>Loss Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Prevention / Fire Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Property Protection </li></ul><ul><li>(OSHA, HSE (U.K), OHSAS 18000) </li></ul>Freedom from unacceptable risk of harm (ISO)
  6. 6. STANDARDS OF HEALTH & SAFETY <ul><li>There are two main standards in which H&S is being covered, </li></ul><ul><li>ILO-OHS guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>OHSAS 18001:2007 (occupational health & safety assessment series </li></ul><ul><li>3. OHSA 29 CFR 1926 for construction safety </li></ul>
  7. 7. BENEFITS OF OH & S <ul><li>Less injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Less property losses </li></ul><ul><li>More profit </li></ul><ul><li>Legal compliance (get rid off penalties) </li></ul><ul><li>Equal working frequency in safe manners </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve goals </li></ul><ul><li>A management system where performance can be </li></ul><ul><li>measured against key indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of ERP (people & property) </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of all associate hazards / aspect on papers </li></ul><ul><li>& then easy to control losses through positive approach. </li></ul><ul><li>Many other………..share </li></ul>
  8. 8. SAFETY DEPENDING UPON <ul><li>What you think about it? </li></ul><ul><li>What you know about it? </li></ul><ul><li>What you do about it? </li></ul>
  9. 9. SAFETY IS ACHIEVED WITH <ul><li>Right attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Correct knowledge & skills </li></ul><ul><li>Prompt actions on identified hazards to eliminate </li></ul>
  10. 10. WHAT IS ATTITUDE? A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 101112 13 14 1516 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 K N O W L E D G E 11 14 15 23 12 5 4 7 5 = 96 A T T I T U D E 1 20 20 9 20 21 4 5 = 100 The right thing that needs to be set
  11. 11. SAFETY MANAGEMENT Risk Assessment, legal compliance, object / target / programs OHS & E Policy Planning Implementation & Operation Checking & Corrective Action Management Review Continual Improvement
  12. 12. LAWS ADDRESSING HSE IN PAKISTAN <ul><li>A few laws, not limited to these……. </li></ul><ul><li>Factories Act, 1934 and </li></ul><ul><li>Sind Factory Rules 1975 along with Occupational Hazards Rule 1969. </li></ul><ul><li>The Explosive Act 1884 and Rules 1940 </li></ul><ul><li>Boiler and Pressure Vessel Ordinance-2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity Act 1910 and Rules 1937 </li></ul><ul><li>Construction safety law in Pakistan ?????????? </li></ul>
  13. 13. OSHA 1926 1926- OSHA Construction Standards Subpart A   General Subpart B    General Interpretation s Subpart C    General Safety and Health Provisions Subpart D    Occupational Health and Environmental Controls Subpart E    Personal Protective and Life Saving Equipment Subpart F   Fire Protection and Prevention Subpart G    Signs, Signals, and Barricades Subpart H   Materials Handling, Storage, Use, and Disposal Subpart I    Tools - Hand and Power Subpart J    Welding and Cutting Subpart K    Electrical Subpart L    Scaffolds Subpart M    Fall Protection Subpart N    Cranes, Derricks, Hoists, Elevators, and Conveyors Subpart O    Motor Vehicles, Mechanized Equipment, and Marine Operations Subpart P    Excavations Subpart Q    Concrete and Masonry Construction Subpart R    Steel Erection Subpart S    Underground Construction, Caissons, Cofferdams, and Compressed Air Subpart T    Demolition Subpart U    Blasting and the Use of Explosives Subpart V    Power Transmission and Distribution Subpart W   Rollover Protective Structures; Overhead Protection Subpart X    Ladders Subpart Y    Commercial Diving Operations Subpart Z   Toxic and Hazardous Substances
  14. 14. KEY ELEMENT OF HSE IN CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>Personal Protective Equipment (PPEs) </li></ul><ul><li>HAZ-COM </li></ul><ul><li>FALL PROTECTION </li></ul><ul><li>MOBILE / LIFTING EQUIPMENT OPERATION </li></ul><ul><li>TOOLS & EQUIPMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>ELECTRIC SAFETY </li></ul><ul><li>SCAFFOLDING </li></ul>

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