Emergency Response Planning Safety like a good retirement plan, provides for a better tomorrow!
Emergencies / disasters can strike anyone, anytime, anywhere. Definitions make it easy to understand…
Any emergency that is beyond the normal response resources of the entity & would require the response of outside resources and assistance for recovery.
An occurrence or threat to the entity with severe damage, injury, or loss of life or property resulting from natural or human causes.
A suddenly occurring or unstoppable developing event that,
Claims loss of life, suffering, loss of valuables or damage to the environment
Overwhelms local resources or efforts
Has a long term impact on social or natural life that is always negative in the beginning
Purpose of ERP (Emergency Response Plan)
To assess current programs or to develop, implement and maintain a program to mitigate, prepare for, respond to and recover from disaster & emergency
Emergency Management Program:
A program that implement the mission, vision and strategic goals and objectives as well as the management framework of the program and organization
Estimation or determination of the effects of the disaster on human, natural resources, property…etc
Impact analysis (Business impact analysis, BIA):
A management level analysis that identifies the impact of losing the entity’s resources. The analysis measures the effect of resource loss over time in order to provide data for taking decisions on hazard mitigation and business continuity planning.
Govt. agency, private or public company, partnership, non-profit organization or other organization that has emergency management responsibility.
Incident Management system:
The combination of facilities, equipment, personnel, procedures and communications within the organization with responsibilities for the management of assigned resources to effectively accomplish stated objectives pertaining to an incident.
Business continuity program:
An ongoing process supported by top management to ensure that all the necessary steps are taken to identify the impact of potential losses, maintain possible recovery strategies / recovery plans and ensure continuity of services through personnel training, plan testing and maintenance
Mutual Aid Agreement:
A pre-arranged agreement developed between two or more entities to provide assistance to the parties of the agreement
Key steps in Disaster Management Planning Understanding the plant / process Site study to identify hazards Impact Analysis Discuss with concerned personnel of plant / process Discuss with Top Management regarding risk & action required as well as for their input. IAR / violation study happened in similar industry Consequences analysis to determine the potential & actions for the same Formulation of ER Team with assign. resp. Comm. to all empl. for ERP developed Conduct Mock Drills Record the results & improve deficiencies
Classification of areas
No smoking zones
Identification of materials being handled
HMIS (hazardous material identification system)
Hazard Identification & Risk Assessment
The entity shall identify the hazards, the Probability & Severity with reference to the existing history & potential. Hazards should be considered in depth that include, but shall not be limited to,
Technological events (Building collapse, power failure, communication…etc)
Human events (Terrorism, sabotage…etc)
Examples of Emergencies Floods Accidents Chemical Spills Toxic Gas Releases Storms Explosions Fires Structure Collapse Bomb Threats Earth quake Power Failure Serious Injury Extreme heat Enemy attack Sabotage Fuel shortage
Importance of Emergency Plan
An emergency plan address the actions of employers and employees those should be taken to ensure employee safety from emergencies.
These plans should be comprehensive and address all hazards specific to your work area and department.
It should be in writing and reviewed annually.
Effective ERP (Emergency Response Plan)
Emergency Action Plan should be documented / in writing!
Direction, control & coordination
Communication & Warning (agencies, mutual aid parties)
Address all the systems installed for emergency communication.
Training of employees on ERPs.
Exercises, Evaluations & Corrective Actions…etc
ERP Should Address…..
Method for reporting of fire / emergencies
Health safety of the personnel in the affected area at the time of incident (injury or death)
Reputation of the entity
Specific roles / responsibilities of employees
Assignment of duties to specific employees with respect to level of emergency
Assembly point location
Head count information
Roll of emergency response team
Roll of fire fighting teams…….etc
Continuity of Operations
Consideration of day-to-day operations continuity, in case of any emergency / major disaster.
The core areas must be identified to prepare appropriate plans & this is possible only in RA (Risk Assessment)
Do you know?
Several companies those were involved in 9/11/2001 attack continued operations in seconds of the attack & this happened due to operation plans which were well-planned and practiced before the tragedy occurred.
Be ready with plan!
Purpose is to evaluate the authentic core of action to save human, property, equipment….etc loss. It must be comprehensive. Important to be handled are,
Emergency Situations (identify all)
Planning Elements (what another)
Developing a Plan (addressing pros & cons)
Exercise the developed plan (ensure)
Event-Specific Information (arrangements & support)
Training Requirements (in-house or outsourced)
Be prepared to meet any abnormality in time as required.