Taiwan (excluding Penghu) was first populated by Negrito, and then Austronesia people. It was then colonized by the Dutch during the 17th century, followed by an influx of Han Chinese including Hakka immigrants from areas of Fujian and Guangdong of mainland China, across the Taiwan Strait. The Spanish also built a settlement in the north for a brief period, but were driven out by the Dutch in 1642. The Chinese name of the island is " 台灣“ which is Taiwan.
Between 1895 and 1945, Taiwan was ruled under Japan. The expansion into Taiwan was a part of Imperial Japan's general policy of southward expansion during the late 19th century. Japanese imperial education was implemented in Taiwan and many Taiwanese also fought for Japan during the war.
Japanese Soldiers Entering Taipei City in 1895 after the Treaty of Shimonoseki.
Taiwan is estimated by anthropologists to have been populated for approximately 30,000 years. Little is known about the original inhabitants, but distinctive jadeware, and corded pottery of the Changpin, Beinan and Tapenkeng (Dapenkeng) cultures show a marked diversity in the island's early inhabitants