Transition Assistance Program Slideshow
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Transition Assistance Program Slideshow



This is the slideshow given to Initial Entry Soldiers who are in the process of being separated from the Army in order to help them prepare themselves for the civilian workforce.

This is the slideshow given to Initial Entry Soldiers who are in the process of being separated from the Army in order to help them prepare themselves for the civilian workforce.



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  • Why Network? The Purpose and Value While the Internet is an important part of your job search, don’t forget the power of talking to people face-to-face and over the phone! Networking can enhance your other job search activities by: Helping you find the so-called hidden jobs. Some sources say up to 80 percent of jobs never get advertised. Networking may be your only way to learn where these jobs are. Networking can help you get direct referrals to individuals who are hiring. And networking can help you expand the number of people you know in the industries you are targeting, thus increasing your chances of finding a job. Cables and Plugs Needed? How to Network So how do you network? Networking is about increasing the number of people you know. It’s about talking, listening and following up. It’s not a high-pressure sales pitch; it’s a series of get-to-know-you conversations with a variety of people. You have as much to offer others as they might have to offer you, so don’t be afraid to take that first step! Build Relationships Networks are relationships built on mutual needs or interests. Building a career network is about building relationships. Because the vast majority of job openings never are advertised, job seekers need to have a network of contacts - a career network - that can provide support, information and job leads. More jobs are found through networking than all the other job-search methods combined. Listen and Ask Questions Networking is about learning things about other people. You already know about yourself, so you are doing yourself a disservice if you do all the talking. Networking involves more listening than speaking. It involves showing concern and interest and asking questions. Informational interviews are a great way to learn about the industry, company and hidden jobs. They are also an easy way to get to talk to people in a company or industry you are interested in. You prepare a list of questions for each interview so you'll sound polished and professional. Support and Maintain Connections Developing a strong network means more than introducing yourself to people. It involves making connections and providing the support to maintain them. An initial meeting or contact with someone does not establish a connection unless there is follow-up of some kind. That follow-up must suggest a genuine interest in developing a mutually supportive relationship. Just making a contact with no follow-up will lead to a lot of worthless business cards. Tips for Networking Before you start making networking contacts, develop your "Elevator Speech." An elevator speech is a short, intriguing speech about who you are, what you do, what you are looking for and contains something unique about yourself. It is designed to quickly introduce yourself to contacts and give them enough information to encourage them to learn more about how wonderful you are. Sample 30 Second CommercialA sample 30 second commercial is available on the Additional Resources section. Click here to view the information.Individuals Start with people you know and let them know exactly what you are looking for. Ask them for contacts or information. Ask contacts for contacts, and so on. Contact each person. Let them know why you are contacting them, how you got their name, give them your elevator speech and ask them a few specific questions they can help you with. Avoid being too much of a burden; respect their time. Document who you contacted, when and what was said. Follow up as appropriate, in a timely manner. Send thank you notes to people who took time to help you. Organizations Look for local chapters of national industry organizations. Join local industry organizations; many allow guests to attend functions. Participate in as many functions as you can afford to attend. Become a familiar face. Offer to volunteer or even serve on a Board of Directors. Meet people by consciously speaking to as many people as possible at the event. Exchange business cards. Social Networking Tools The proliferation of social networking tools such as Facebook, MySpace, Twitter, LinkedIn and others has revolutionized networking. While they frequently are used for purely social reasons, some are specifically reserved for professional networking, and even sites that are more social in nature can help you find contacts and jobs. However, social networking tools have a flip side, too: Employers can also use what you’ve posted online (and what others have posted online about you) to rule you out as a candidate. Use them, but use them wisely! Choose the Right Tool If you have not already done so, sign up with a social networking site designed for professional networking, such as LinkedIn. Summarize your previous experience and skills in the appropriate places of your online profile, in case someone wants to see your skill set/experience. Post your resume if there is a place on the site to do so. Indicate you are looking for a job, and be clear about what kind of job you are looking for. Ask people to complete online referrals for you for sites like LinkedIn. Use It Wisely If you already have an online presence, look at it from an employer’s perspective: Does it represent you fairly, accurately and professionally? A recent study by Microsoft found that 70 percent of recruiters and hiring managers in the U.S. have rejected an applicant based on information they found online. 79 percent of U.S. hiring managers have used the Internet to better assess applicants. Clean up and "professionalize" your online presence - this includes your profile, what you say, how you say it, the pictures of you (posted by you and others), and so on. Assume that whatever you say online can be seen by potential employers.
  • If a cover letter is simply a written introduction, why is there all the fuss about it? The truth is that cover letters are critically important to the job seeker. A good resume is one of the most important documents you will create when it comes to your employment search; however, it may never receive the attention it is due without a strong cover letter. A good cover letter will compel the reader to learn more about you, and a poor cover letter will get the letter and the accompanying resume tossed into the trash. A cover letter has several purposes. For you, the purpose is to get the interview. For an employer, the purpose is to clarify how the candidate’s skills match the position requirements and motivate them to read your resume and invite you to an interview. Cover letters should consist of three to four brief paragraphs that address a specific purpose
  • Cover Letter: SHARPYour letter should follow a standard business format, which typically is block-style formatting aligned to the left-hand side of the page. Your cover letter is a business communication and should be typed and printed using a quality printer. S = Standard business format Format your cover letter to match your resume (same font, design elements and so forth). If printing it out, use the same type of paper you used for your resume. H = Highlight important skills You probably will have many skills listed on your resume and hopefully have the most applicable skills in a qualification summary at the beginning of your resume. Your cover letter offers you yet another opportunity to explain and expand upon those critical skills needed for your desired job. It is a place where you can put your skills into context, connect them to an employer’s specific need, explain transferable skills, or otherwise mention keywords that will get your resume noticed. A = Appropriate length Your cover letter should be brief, consisting of three or four paragraphs with one to three sentences each. It should not exceed one page without a compelling reason. If your letter is being e-mailed, it should fit within one computer screen without the reviewer having to scroll through the letter. R = Reviewed for accuracy Like your resume, there is no excuse for spelling or grammatical errors on your cover letter. Take the time to have it reviewed by someone else for typos or misspellings. One error could result in your resume never receiving the attention it deserves. P = Proper salutation and signature If possible, you should address your letter to a specific person, even if that means you will need to perform a little investigative research. Addressing a letter to a person, with the correct spelling of their name, is much more effective than addressing it to "Dear Sir/Madam" or "Dear Employment Manager." It also helps ensure that your letter will get to the person you intend it to reach. Equally important is your signature, so make sure your letter has one. In their haste to get a resume in the mail, many job seekers forget to sign their cover letter, which draws immediate attention to a careless mistake. Now that you’ve had a chance to review the basics of creating winning cover letters, it is time to put that knowledge to work!
  • So, how do you start writing your resume? It can seem overwhelming at first, but like other writing, it is an interactive process. Job seekers may revise their resume dozens of times before they are satisfied with it, so don’t expect perfection the first time. This section will explore the steps in the resume writing process. Purpose Start by deciding what you want your resume to do for you. What is the desired goal you want? How can your resume help you reach that goal? Decide what you want to say and how you want to say it. Format Decide on a format for your resume. Will a chronological, functional, or combination format work best for you? Template Consult/view several different resume samples and templates to get an idea of what you think would work best for you. Use them as a model when drafting your own resume.Tips for Effective Resumes: Action Verbs Try to start most sentences/phrases with strong action verbs that describe your accomplishments. Click here to view a list of resume action verbs.Achievement Statements Don’t tell employers just what you did; tell them what you accomplished that made you an outstanding employee and one they can’t afford to pass up. Show the results of what you did, and quantify those results whenever possible. Keywords Inundated by resumes from job seekers, employers have increasingly relied on placing those resumes in keyword-searchable databases, and using software to search for specific keywords that relate to job vacancies. Use the employer’s keywords in your resume. You can get these keywords from the position description, job posting and other recruiting/advertising material. Keywords should be used strategically in your qualification summary, resume content or keyword section. Proofread Typos, grammatical errors, spelling errors, and so on are the kiss of death in a resume! Take the time to review your resume carefully, and ask others to proofread it for you as well. Don’t rely on spell check to do it all! There is some debate about how long a resume should be. There are valid arguments on each side, but in general, resumes should be one to two pages, depending on the amount of content you have to cover. Somewhere between the chronological and functional resume lies the combination resume. Combination resumes have a mostly functional format, but also include a bare-bones chronological work history. The work history section need only include job title, name and location of employer, and dates of employment. Skills and accomplishments are listed in the functional sections.

Transition Assistance Program Slideshow Presentation Transcript

  • 1. RHU, 120th AG BN
  • 2. In This Lesson  Knowing yourself  Job Searching  Job Applications/Resumés  Interview Preparation  Interviews and Follow-up
  • 3. References: (Write these down!)  Slideshare (All slides/books located here):  O*NET (Occupational Information Network)  Fort Jackson MWR Employment Readiness Program (Click: “Job Search Links”)  Virtual Career Library
  • 4. Before the Job Search: Before beginning a job search, it’s important to know which of the following? A. What companies you want to work for B. What kind of job you want and how you can help an employer C. Opportunities for growth that companies have to offer
  • 5. The Job Searching Process Find the field/industry which you are willing to work Search for openings 1. 2. a. b. Networking Job Postings Adjust your profile for the job 3. 1. 2. 3. Application Cover Letters Résumé 4. Interview 5. Follow-up 1. Thank you letter
  • 6. Knowing Yourself  What kind of work do I like to do?  What am I best at?  What kind of work environment do I prefer?  What are my financial goals?  Am I willing to relocate? Holland’s Hexagon of Personality Types
  • 7. What Job is For You? Think of:  Your skills/qualifications  What you can provide to a company  What criteria most of your selected jobs require O*Net Interest Profiler:
  • 8. The Job Searching Process Find the field/industry which you are willing to work Search for openings 1. 2. a. b. Networking Job Postings Adjust your profile for the job 3. 1. 2. 3. Application Cover Letters Résumé 4. Interview 5. Follow-up 1. Thank you letter
  • 9. Truths About the Job Market  There are always jobs out there  Whether you can find them depends on your methods of job-hunting
  • 10. Job Finding Techniques Best Ways Worst Ways  Ask for job leads (33% success)  Mail out resumés at random  Knocking on door of prospective employer (47%)  Creative Approach to JobHunting (86%)     (7% success) Answering ads in professional or trade journals (7%) Answering non-local newspaper ads (10%) Answering local newspaper ads (5-24%) Going to private employment agencies (5-24%)
  • 11. The Creative Approach  Do thorough homework and explore upon yourself. Know     in what kinds of fields you want to use those skills. Talk to people who are in those kinds of jobs. Choose organizations and do research on those organizations. Seek out the person who actually has the power to hire you for the job you want. Use your personal contacts to get to him or her. Show how you can help your prospective employer solve their problems.
  • 12. Getting Organized • Treat Finding a Job as a Job. • Create Sample Applications • Create Several Résumés • Create Several Cover Letters • Set Goals • Weekly Job Search Schedule
  • 13. Networking Why Network? • Find the hidden jobs • Get direct referrals • Expand the number of people you now in the industry you target  Build relationships  Listen and Ask Questions  Support and Maintain Connections “It’s all about who you know” -Dale Doback
  • 14. Job Postings  Hundreds of job searching websites  Newspapers  Government Offices/Employment Agencies  Internet Ads  Bulletin boards  Schools
  • 15. The Job Searching Process 1. 2. Find the field/industry which you are willing to work Search for openings a. b. 3. Networking Job Postings Adjust your profile for the job a. b. c. Application Cover Letters Résumé 4. Interview 5. Follow-up a. Thank you letter
  • 16. Applications  Most applications are ran through the Applicant Tracking System (ATS) prior to being seen by a person  Print Legibly (Black or Blue Pen)  Be Honest  Follow Instructions  Tailor Answers to the Job  Only Give Salary Range if Requested  Provide Valid References  Double Check for Mistakes  Use a Master Application Form (Provided from the Virtual Career Library)
  • 17. Cover Letters  Cover Letters are a written introduction; short elevator speech on why you want the job and why they should hire you  The purpose is for the employer to clarify how your skills match the requirements and to motivate the employer to read your résumé  Three to four brief paragraphs to address a specific purpose *Ensure you keep copies of all your applications, cover letters and résumés.
  • 18. •Don’t write your entire resume •Note when you are available for employment •Use good quality paper
  • 19. Types of Résumés Resume Format Advantages Widely Used Format Logical Flow, easy to read Chronological Disadvantages Emphasizes gaps in employment Not suitable if you have no work history Combination Highlights frequent job changes Easy to Prepare Functional Showcase growth in skills and responsibility Best Used By Individuals with steady work record Emphasizes employment but not skill development Emphasizes skills rather than employment Organizes a variety of experience (paid and unpaid work, other activities) Disguises gaps in work record or a series of short term jobs Highlights most relevant skills and accomplishments De-emphasizes employment history in less relevant jobs Combines skills developed in a variety of jobs or other activities Minimizes drawbacks such as employment gaps and absence of directly related experience Viewed with suspicion by employers due to lack of information about specific employers and dates Individuals with no previous or gaps in employment Individuals with gaps in employment Frequent job changers Confusing if not well organized De-emphasizes job tasks, responsibilities requires more effort and creativity to prepare Career changers or those in transition Individuals reentering the job market after some absence Individuals who have grown in skills and responsibility Individuals pursuing the same or similar work as they've had in the past
  • 20. Résumés Parts of the Resume  Header  Summary of Qualifications/Skills  Experience  Education Tips:  Action verbs  Achievement Statements  Keywords  PROOFREAD Interchangeable depending on the type of résumé
  • 21. “Education” goes at the top only if your degree relates to the job List as many skills as possible Experience in each job relates to the job you’re applying for
  • 22. Sample Combined
  • 23. Example 1: Retail Flying J – Retail Shift Supervisor
  • 24. Chronological
  • 25. Functional
  • 26. Combined
  • 27. Building Upon Your Résumé  Volunteer Work  Certification Classes  Internships/Apprenticeships     Typing Courses   
  • 28. The Job Searching Process Find the field/industry which you are willing to work Search for openings 1. 2. a. b. Networking Job Postings Adjust your profile for the job 3. 1. 2. 3. Application Cover Letters Résumé 4. Interview 5. Follow-up 1. Thank you letter
  • 29. Before the Interview  Get directions to the interview site  Determine what time you need to leave to get there     EARLY Build/gather your portfolio Appropriate attire Researching the company Rehearsing your “Elevator Speech” (Selling yourself)
  • 30. Appropriate Attire Women Men  Tailored Shirt/Blouse or  Conservative collared shirt/polo       Knitted Sweater/sets Non-denim pants or kneelength skirt Pantyhose with skirts Closed toed shoes/heels Neatly Groomed Hair Manicured/polished nails Conservative make-up and jewelry  Solid tee/turtleneck  Sports Coats  Non-denim, tailored slacks  Belt matches the shoes  Mid-calf socks, matches the pants  Polished shoes  Groomed hair; shaven  Conservative watches
  • 31. Inappropriate Attire  Wrinkled or un-tucked clothing  T-shirts with words  Jeans, sweatpants, shorts, baggy pants, exposed      undergarments Huge belt buckles Gym socks Worn out shoes, sandals, flip-flops or athletic shoes Perfume/cologne Visible body piercings/tattoos
  • 32. Interview Preparation  RESEARCH THE COMPANY!  Contact References  Gather materials you may need (Résumé, transcripts/ certificates, references list, pen and paper)  Know your strengths  Know your weaknesses  AND how you’re working on improving them  PRACTICE!  Be on time and dress appropriately
  • 33. Rehearsals  Positive First Impressions  Communicating your skills  Answering problem questions  Asking key questions  Helping Employers know why they should hire you  Closing the interview properly
  • 34. Interviewing: Selling yourself  “Tell me about yourself”  SEE  SKILLS  EXPERIENCE  EDUCATION  Interviewers will ask trick questions  Do not open the door to:  Marital/Family Status, Sexual Orientation, Religion, Race, Political Views
  • 35. Interviewing: Selling yourself           Relax! Be Honest Show Interest Take Brief Notes Listen Ask Questions (Do not ask how much the position pays) Make Your Points Politely Be Positive State Your Interest Ask When to Expect Contact (If no position is available, ask if you can check back periodically)
  • 36. The Job Searching Process Find the field/industry which you are willing to work Search for openings 1. 2. a. b. Networking Job Postings Adjust your profile for the job 3. 1. 2. 3. Application Cover Letters Résumé 4. Interview 5. Follow-up 1. Thank you letter
  • 37. Follow-Up  Thank you notes:  Send a follow-up or thank you note to everyone who interviewed you. Notes may be hand written. Formal Letters should be typed.  Ask additional questions, supply more information, underline an important point or just to remind the person who interviewed you that you’re still interested.  Keep it short. Send it quick.
  • 38. Follow-Up  Make inquiries  If you haven’t heard from an organization after the set time, try calling or sending e-mail to ask if the position has been filled  If you don’t get the job, don’t be discouraged!
  • 39. If You are Offered the Job  Before you accept, think about the position in terms of:  Job responsibility  Working hours (part-time and overtime)  Pace of Work  Salary Range  Benefits  Location  Transportation  Working conditions  Advancement Opportunities If you accept, send a letter of acceptance, even if you have confirmed verbally. Confirm the starting date and time. Keep a copy of the letter!
  • 40. Keeping Your Job  Be realistic  Be patient If the job isn’t right for you – don’t lose hope!  Show initiative  Be cooperative  Be conscientious  Be professional  Keep learning! Start your search over again. Consider additional training. Move on and move up!
  • 41. Conclusion Do what it takes to get the job you want! Evaluate: you personal needs, goals, skills and achievements Research: careers to determine the fields that are most suitable to you – keep an open mind Network: to find specific job openings talk with your contacts and potential employers Sell Yourself: to potential employers, through a thoughtfully composed résumé, cover letter & interview
  • 42. References: (Write these down!)  Slideshare (All slides/books located here):  O*NET (Occupational Information Network)  Fort Jackson MWR Employment Readiness Program (Click: “Job Search Links”)  Virtual Career Library