300

Two Steps to Your Best Job Options

Best Jobs

®

Without a

Four-Year Degree
Part of JIST’s Best Jobs Series
®

300 ...
Michael Farr and Laurence Shatkin, Ph.D.

Also in JIST’s Best Jobs Series
Best Jobs for the 21st Century
200 Best Jobs for...
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree, Third Edition
© 2009 by JIST Publishing
Published by JIST Works, an imprint of J...
This Is a Big Book, But
It Is Very Easy to Use

T

his book is designed for people who want to move ahead in their careers...
(continued)

Some Things You Can Do with This Book
Identify more-interesting or better-paying jobs that don’t require addi...
Table of Contents
The 100 Best-Paying Jobs That Don’t Require a
Four-Year Degree ............................................
Table of Contents _______________________________________________________________________

25 Fastest-Growing Jobs with Hi...
________________________________________________________________________ Table of Contents

Best Jobs Through Apprenticesh...
Table of Contents _______________________________________________________________________

Correspondence Clerks ............
________________________________________________________________________ Table of Contents

Food Service Managers ...........
Table of Contents _______________________________________________________________________

Merchandise Displayers and Wind...
________________________________________________________________________ Table of Contents

Sales Representatives, Wholesa...
Introduction
W

e kept this Introduction short to encourage you to actually read it. For this reason, we
don’t provide man...
Introduction ___________________________________________________________________________

obtain, and the Employment Proje...
____________________________________________________________________________ Introduction

For example, the job with the b...
Introduction ___________________________________________________________________________

Finally, don’t forget that the j...
____________________________________________________________________________ Introduction

Some workers who have more than...
Introduction ___________________________________________________________________________

“very high” for any figure higher...
____________________________________________________________________________ Introduction

for them. As with earnings, som...
Introduction ___________________________________________________________________________

Statistics and Employment Projec...
____________________________________________________________________________ Introduction

Part I: The Best Jobs Lists
The...
Introduction ___________________________________________________________________________

Best Jobs Lists Based on Levels ...
____________________________________________________________________________ Introduction

Best Jobs Through Apprenticeshi...
Data
Elements

GOE
Information

Job
Title

Introduction __________________________________________________________________...
____________________________________________________________________________ Introduction

We used the most current inform...
Introduction ___________________________________________________________________________

Education/Training Program(s): T...
____________________________________________________________________________ Introduction

New Guide for Occupational Expl...
PART I

The Best Jobs Lists:
Jobs That Don’t
Require a
Four-Year Degree
T

his part contains a lot of interesting lists, a...
Part I _________________________________________________________________________________

All data used to create these li...
__________________________________The Best Jobs Lists: Jobs That Don’t Require a Four-Year Degree

The 300 Best Jobs That ...
Part I _________________________________________________________________________________

(continued)

The 300 Best Jobs T...
__________________________________The Best Jobs Lists: Jobs That Don’t Require a Four-Year Degree

The 300 Best Jobs That ...
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree

2,367

Published on

As published by Jist Publishing. 3rd Edition.

Published in: Career, Business
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,367
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
47
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree

  1. 1. 300 Two Steps to Your Best Job Options Best Jobs ® Without a Four-Year Degree Part of JIST’s Best Jobs Series ® 300 Job Descriptions 65+ Best Jobs Lists, Including Jobs with the Best Pay, Fastest Growth, and Most Openings Pinpoint your best career options at various training levels, from on-the-job training to a two-year degree. “Best jobs” lists organized by earnings, growth, interests, self-employed and part-time workers, and much more. Helpful job descriptions packed with the latest details. Michael Farr and Laurence Shatkin, Ph.D. Third Edition
  2. 2. Michael Farr and Laurence Shatkin, Ph.D. Also in JIST’s Best Jobs Series Best Jobs for the 21st Century 200 Best Jobs for College Graduates 250 Best Jobs Through Apprenticeships 50 Best Jobs for Your Personality 40 Best Fields for Your Career 225 Best Jobs for Baby Boomers 250 Best-Paying Jobs 10 Best College Majors for Your Personality 150 Best Jobs for Your Skills 175 Best Jobs Not Behind a Desk 150 Best Jobs Through Military Training 150 Best Jobs for a Better World 200 Best Jobs for Introverts 150 Best Low-Stress Jobs 150 Best Recession-Proof Jobs
  3. 3. 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree, Third Edition © 2009 by JIST Publishing Published by JIST Works, an imprint of JIST Publishing 7321 Shadeland Station, Suite 200 Indianapolis, IN 46256-3923 Phone: 800-648-JIST E-mail: info@jist.com Fax: 877-454-7839 Web site: www.jist.com Some Other Books by the Authors Michael Farr Laurence Shatkin The Quick Resume & Cover Letter Book Same-Day Resume Overnight Career Choice Top 100 Careers Without a Four-Year Degree 100 Fastest-Growing Careers Quick Guide to College Majors and Careers 90-Minute College Major Matcher Your $100,000 Career Plan New Guide for Occupational Exploration 150 Best Recession-Proof Jobs Quantity discounts are available for JIST products. Have future editions of JIST books automatically delivered to you on publication through our convenient standing order program. Please call 800-648-JIST or visit www.jist.com for a free catalog and more information. Visit www.jist.com for information on JIST, free job search information, tables of contents and sample pages, and ordering information on our many products. Acquisitions Editor: Susan Pines Development Editor: Stephanie Koutek Cover and Interior Designer: Aleata Halbig Cover Image: Claudio Baba, iStock Photography Interior Layout: Aleata Halbig Proofreaders: Jovanna San Nicolas-Shirley, Paula Lowell Indexer: Cheryl Lenser Printed in the United States of America 13 12 11 10 09 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Farr, Michael. 300 best jobs without a four-year degree / Michael Farr and Laurence Shatkin. -- 3rd ed. p. cm. -- (JIST’s best jobs series) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-1-59357-658-5 (alk. paper) 1. Vocational guidance. 2. Employment forecasting. 3. Job hunting. I. Shatkin, Laurence. II. Title. III. Title: Th ree hundred best jobs without a four-year degree. HF5381.F4562 2009 331.702’33--dc22 2008051123 All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without prior permission of the publisher except in the case of brief quotations embodied in articles or reviews. Making copies of any part of this book for any purpose other than your own personal use is a violation of United States copyright laws. For permission requests, please contact the Copyright Clearance Center at www.copyright.com or (978) 750-8400. We have been careful to provide accurate information throughout this book, but it is possible that errors and omissions have been introduced. Please consider this in making any career plans or other important decisions. Trust your own judgment above all else and in all things. Trademarks: All brand names and product names used in this book are trade names, service marks, trademarks, or registered trademarks of their respective owners. ISBN 978-1-59357-658-5
  4. 4. This Is a Big Book, But It Is Very Easy to Use T his book is designed for people who want to move ahead in their careers and have or are considering getting on-the-job training, vocational training, or a two-year degree. d It helps you explore your career options in a variety of interesting ways. The nice thing about this book is that you don’t have to read it all. Instead, we designed it to allow you to browse and find information that most interests you. The Table of Contents will give you a good idea of what’s inside and how to use the book, so we suggest you start there. The first part is made up of interesting lists that will help you explore jobs based on pay, interests, education or training level, personality type, and many other criteria. The second part provides descriptions for the 300 jobs that met our criteria for this book (high pay, fast growth, and large number of openings). Just find a job that interests you in one of the lists in Part I and look up its description in Part II. Simple. How We Selected the Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree Deciding on the “best” job is a choice that only you can make, but objective criteria can help you identify jobs that are, for example, better paying than other jobs with similar duties. Here is an explanation of the process we used to determine which jobs to include in this book. We identified 484 major jobs that require less education or training than a bachelor’s degree and sorted them from highest to lowest in terms of earnings, growth rate through 2016, and number of annual openings. We then assigned a number to their relative position on each list. The job position numbers on the three lists were then summed, and jobs with the best total scores were put on top, followed by jobs in order of their total scores on down the list. We included the 300 jobs with the best total scores in the book. The first list in Part I is called “The 300 Best Jobs That Don’t Require a Four-Year Degree,” and it contains the 300 jobs with the best combined scores on all three measures (earnings, growth rate, and openings). You can find descriptions for all 300 best jobs in Part II. We are not suggesting that the 300 jobs with the best overall scores for earnings, growth, and number of openings are all good ones for you to consider—some will not be. But the 300 jobs that met our criteria present such a wide range of jobs that you are likely to find one or more that will interest you. The jobs that met our “best jobs” criteria are also more likely than average to have higher pay, faster projected growth, and a larger number of openings than other jobs at similar levels of education and training. (continued)
  5. 5. (continued) Some Things You Can Do with This Book Identify more-interesting or better-paying jobs that don’t require additional training or education. Develop long-term plans that may require additional training, education, or experience. Explore and select a training or educational program that relates to a career objective. Find reliable earnings information to negotiate pay. Prepare for interviews and the job search. These are a few of the many ways you can use this book. We hope you find it as interesting to browse as we did to put together. We have tried to make it easy to use and as interesting as occupational information can be. When you are done with this book, pass it along or tell someone else about it. We wish you well in your career and in your life. Credits and Acknowledgments: While the authors created this book, it is based on the work of many others. The occupational information is based on data obtained from the U.S. Department of Labor and the U.S. Census Bureau. These sources provide the most authoritative occupational information available. The noneconomic job-related information is from the O*NET database, which was developed by researchers and developers under the direction of the U.S. Department of Labor. They, in turn, were assisted by thousands of employers who provided details on the nature of work in the many thousands of job samplings used in the database’s development. We used the most recent version of the O*NET database, release 13. We appreciate and thank the staff of the U.S. Department of Labor for their efforts and expertise in providing such a rich source of data. The taxonomy of college majors (the Classification of Instructional Programs) is from the U.S. Department of Education. iv 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works
  6. 6. Table of Contents The 100 Best-Paying Jobs That Don’t Require a Four-Year Degree .......................................... 29 The 100 Fastest-Growing Jobs That Don’t Require a Four-Year Degree .......................... 32 The 100 Jobs with the Most Openings That Don’t Require a Four-Year Degree ................. 36 Best Jobs Lists by Demographic ......................... 39 Best Jobs with the Highest Percentages of Workers Age 16–24 ....................................................40 25 Best Jobs Overall with High Percentages of Workers Age 16–24 ........................................41 25 Best-Paying Jobs with High Percentages of Workers Age 16–24 ....................................... 42 25 Fastest-Growing Jobs with High Percentages of Workers Age 16–24 ................................... 43 25 Jobs with the Most Openings with High Percentages of Workers Age 16–24 ................. 43 Best Jobs with the Highest Percentages of Workers Age 55 and Over .............................. 45 25 Best Jobs Overall with High Percentages of Workers Age 55 and Over .............................. 48 25 Best-Paying Jobs with High Percentages of Workers Age 55 and Over .............................. 49 25 Fastest-Growing Jobs with High Percentages of Workers Age 55 and Over .......................... 50 25 Jobs with the Most Openings with High Percentages of Workers Age 55 and Over ........ 50 Best Jobs with the Highest Percentages of Part-Time Workers ....................................... 52 25 Best Jobs Overall with High Percentages of Part-Time Workers ....................................... 53 25 Best-Paying Jobs with High Percentages of Part-Time Workers ....................................... 54 25 Fastest-Growing Jobs with High Percentages of Part-Time Workers.................................... 54 25 Jobs with the Most Openings with High Percentages of Part-Time Workers .................. 55 Best Jobs with the Highest Percentages of Self-Employed Workers .................................. 57 25 Best Jobs Overall with High Percentages of Self-Employed Workers .................................. 59 25 Best-Paying Jobs with High Percentages of Self-Employed Workers ..................................60 Summary of Major Sections Introduction. A short overview to help you better understand and use the book. Starts on page 1. Part I—The Best Jobs Lists: Jobs That Don’t Require a Four-Year Degree. Very useful for exploring career options! Lists are arranged into easy-to-use groups. The first group of lists presents the 300 jobs that do not require a four-year degree and that have the highest rankings based on earnings, projected growth, and number of openings. More-specialized lists follow, presenting the best jobs by age, gender, level of education or training, personality type, interest area, and more. The column starting at right presents all the list titles. Starts on page 17. Part II—The Job Descriptions. Provides complete descriptions of the jobs that met our criteria for a combination of high pay, fast growth, and large number of openings. Each description contains information on earnings, projected growth, job duties, skills, related job titles, education and training required, related knowledge and courses, and many other details. Starts on page 131. Detailed Table of Contents Part I: The Best Jobs Lists: Jobs That Don’t Require a Four-Year Degree .......................... 17 Some Details on the Lists ................................... 18 Best Jobs Overall: Lists of Jobs with the Highest Pay, Fastest Growth, and Most Openings ........ 18 The 300 Best Jobs That Don’t Require a Four-Year Degree .......................................... 19 v
  7. 7. Table of Contents _______________________________________________________________________ 25 Fastest-Growing Jobs with High Percentages of Self-Employed Workers ...............................61 25 Jobs with the Most Openings with High Percentages of Self-Employed Workers ............ 62 Best Jobs Employing the Highest Percentages of Women ......................................................... 63 25 Best Jobs Overall Employing High Percentages of Women ..................................................... 65 25 Best-Paying Jobs Employing High Percentages of Women ................................... 66 25 Fastest-Growing Jobs Employing High Percentages of Women ................................... 67 25 Jobs with the Most Openings Employing High Percentages of Women ........................... 68 Best Jobs Employing the Highest Percentages of Men ......................................................... 69 25 Best Jobs Overall Employing High Percentages of Men ........................................ 74 25 Best-Paying Jobs Employing High Percentages of Men ........................................ 75 25 Fastest-Growing Jobs Employing High Percentages of Men ........................................ 76 25 Jobs with the Most Openings Employing High Percentages of Men ............................... 77 Best Jobs Lists Based on Levels of Education and Experience................................................. 78 The Education Levels ....................................... 79 Another Warning About the Data ....................80 Best Jobs Requiring Short-Term On-the-Job Training ........................................................81 Best Jobs Requiring Moderate-Term On-the-Job Training ..................................... 82 Best Jobs Requiring Long-Term On-the-Job Training ....................................................... 84 Best Jobs Requiring Work Experience in a Related Job ................................................... 86 Best Jobs Requiring Postsecondary Vocational Training ....................................................... 88 Best Jobs Requiring an Associate Degree............ 89 Best Jobs Lists Based on Interests ........................91 Descriptions for the 16 Interest Areas .................91 Best Jobs for People Interested in Agriculture and Natural Resources .................................. 95 vi Best Jobs for People Interested in Architecture and Construction .......................................... 96 Best Jobs for People Interested in Arts and Communication ............................................ 97 Best Jobs for People Interested in Business and Administration ...................................... 98 Best Jobs for People Interested in Education and Training ................................................ 98 Best Jobs for People Interested in Finance and Insurance ...................................................... 99 Best Jobs for People Interested in Government and Public Administration............................ 99 Best Jobs for People Interested in Health Science ....................................................... 100 Best Jobs for People Interested in Hospitality, Tourism, and Recreation ............................. 100 Best Jobs for People Interested in Human Service.........................................................101 Best Jobs for People Interested in Information Technology ...................................................101 Best Jobs for People Interested in Law and Public Safety............................................... 102 Best Jobs for People Interested in Manufacturing ........................................... 102 Best Jobs for People Interested in Retail and Wholesale Sales and Service ......................... 104 Best Jobs for People Interested in Scientific Research, Engineering, and Mathematics ..... 105 Best Jobs for People Interested in Transportation, Distribution, and Logistics .......................... 106 Best Jobs Lists Based on Personality Types ....... 106 Descriptions of the Six Personality Types ......... 107 Best Jobs for People with a Realistic Personality Type .......................................... 108 Best Jobs for People with an Investigative Personality Type .......................................... 112 Best Jobs for People with an Artistic Personality Type .......................................... 113 Best Jobs for People with a Social Personality Type .......................................... 113 Best Jobs for People with an Enterprising Personality Type ...........................................114 Best Jobs for People with a Conventional Personality Type ...........................................116 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works
  8. 8. ________________________________________________________________________ Table of Contents Best Jobs Through Apprenticeship Training ......118 The 50 Best Jobs Through Apprenticeship .........119 Best Jobs Through Military Training ............... 120 The 50 Best Jobs Through Military Training ....121 Bonus Lists: Jobs Employing a High Percentage of People Without a Four-Year Degree............................................................ 122 Jobs Employing the Highest Percentage of Workers Without a Four-Year Degree....... 123 50 Best Jobs Overall Employing a High Percentage of Workers Without a Four-Year Degree ........................................................ 126 Bonus Lists: Jobs with the Greatest Changes in Outlook Since the Previous Edition ................127 25 Jobs with the Greatest Increases in Job-Growth Projection ................................ 128 25 Jobs with the Greatest Decreases in Job-Growth Projections ............................... 129 Part II: The Job Descriptions ..........................131 Advertising Sales Agents ................................. 133 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians ................................................. 134 Agricultural Technicians ................................ 135 Air Traffic Controllers.................................... 136 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors .............. 137 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians .... 138 Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers ............................... 139 Airfield Operations Specialists ........................ 140 Animal Control Workers ................................ 142 Animal Trainers ............................................ 143 Architectural Drafters .................................... 144 Athletes and Sports Competitors ......................145 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians ....... 146 Automotive Body and Related Repairers ..........147 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers ....... 148 Automotive Master Mechanics........................ 149 Automotive Specialty Technicians .................... 151 Aviation Inspectors ........................................ 152 Avionics Technicians ...................................... 153 Bailiff s .......................................................... 154 Bakers ............................................................155 Bill and Account Collectors .............................156 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks .........................157 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators ................................................... 158 Boilermakers ................................................. 159 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks ..........................................................161 Brickmasons and Blockmasons ....................... 162 Broadcast Technicians ................................... 163 Brokerage Clerks ........................................... 164 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists .........................................165 Bus Drivers, School ....................................... 166 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity .................. 167 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture .................................... 168 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians .......................................... 169 Cargo and Freight Agents............................... 170 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers .......... 172 Chefs and Head Cooks ................................... 173 Chemical Plant and System Operators ............ 174 Chemical Technicians .....................................175 City and Regional Planning Aides .................. 176 Civil Drafters ............................................... 177 Civil Engineering Technicians........................ 178 Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance .................................................... 179 Coaches and Scouts ........................................ 180 Commercial Divers ........................................181 Commercial Pilots ......................................... 183 Computer Support Specialists ......................... 184 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers ...................................... 185 Concierges ..................................................... 186 Construction and Building Inspectors ............. 187 Construction Carpenters ................................ 188 Construction Laborers ................................... 190 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door ..............................191 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria .................... 192 Cooks, Restaurant.......................................... 193 Coroners ....................................................... 194 Correctional Officers and Jailers ..................... 195 vii
  9. 9. Table of Contents _______________________________________________________________________ Correspondence Clerks ................................... 196 Court Clerks ................................................. 197 Court Reporters ............................................. 198 Criminal Investigators and Special Agents ...... 199 Customer Service Representatives ...................200 Demonstrators and Product Promoters ........... 201 Dental Assistants ........................................... 202 Dental Hygienists .......................................... 203 Desktop Publishers......................................... 204 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers ................... 205 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance ................................................. 206 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers ................ 207 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment .......209 Electrical Drafters ......................................... 210 Electrical Engineering Technicians ..................211 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers ............................................. 212 Electricians ................................................... 213 Electronic Drafters .........................................215 Electronics Engineering Technicians ................216 Elevator Installers and Repairers .....................217 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs .................................................... 218 Embalmers .................................................... 219 Emergency Management Specialists .................221 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics .......................................... 222 Environmental Compliance Inspectors ............ 223 Environmental Engineering Technicians......... 224 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health ..................... 225 Equal Opportunity Representatives and Officers ................................................ 227 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators ..................................... 228 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants .................................................... 229 Farmers and Ranchers ...................................230 Fashion Designers...........................................231 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators ........................................... 233 viii Fire Inspectors ............................................... 234 Fire Investigators ........................................... 235 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Agricultural Crop and Horticultural Workers ...................................................... 236 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Animal Husbandry and Animal Care Workers ......... 237 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Aquacultural Workers ................................. 239 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers ...................................................... 240 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Correctional Officers ....................................241 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers ................ 242 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand ......... 243 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers........... 245 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers ............................. 246 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers............. 247 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers ............................ 248 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers ........... 250 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers ...........................................251 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Police and Detectives ............................................ 252 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers ............................... 253 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers.............................................. 254 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators ................... 255 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors ........ 257 Flight Attendants .......................................... 258 Food Batchmakers ......................................... 259 Food Science Technicians ...............................260 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works
  10. 10. ________________________________________________________________________ Table of Contents Food Service Managers ...................................261 Forest Fire Fighters ........................................ 262 Forest Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors ................................................. 264 Freight and Cargo Inspectors .......................... 265 Funeral Directors .......................................... 266 Gaming Managers ......................................... 267 Gaming Supervisors....................................... 268 Gaming Surveillance Officers and Gaming Investigators ................................................ 269 Geological Sample Test Technicians ................ 270 Geophysical Data Technicians .........................271 Glaziers ........................................................ 272 Government Property Inspectors and Investigators ......................................... 274 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists ............................................. 275 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers .......... 276 Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers .............................................. 277 Helpers—Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters ... 278 Helpers—Carpenters ..................................... 279 Helpers—Electricians ....................................280 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers ........................................... 282 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters.......................................... 283 Highway Maintenance Workers ..................... 284 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping ........................................ 285 Immigration and Customs Inspectors .............. 286 Industrial Engineering Technicians ................ 287 Industrial Machinery Mechanics ....................288 Industrial Production Managers .................... 289 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators .........290 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers ...............................................291 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall .................................................... 292 Insulation Workers, Mechanical ..................... 293 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators ......................................... 294 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage ............... 296 Insurance Claims Clerks ................................ 296 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks .................. 297 Interior Designers .......................................... 298 Interpreters and Translators ........................... 299 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan .......300 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand............................................. 301 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers ..... 302 Legal Secretaries ............................................ 303 Library Technicians ....................................... 304 License Clerks................................................ 305 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses........................................ 306 Licensing Examiners and Inspectors ................ 307 Loan Interviewers and Clerks.........................308 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers........................309 Locomotive Engineers .................................... 310 Locomotive Firers ...........................................311 Lodging Managers ......................................... 312 Machinists .................................................... 313 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General .....314 Maintenance Workers, Machinery...................316 Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance ................................................317 Mapping Technicians..................................... 318 Massage Therapists......................................... 319 Mates—Ship, Boat, and Barge ......................320 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers..............................................321 Mechanical Door Repairers ............................ 322 Mechanical Drafters ...................................... 323 Mechanical Engineering Technicians .............. 324 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians ................................................. 326 Medical Assistants ......................................... 327 Medical Equipment Preparers ........................ 328 Medical Equipment Repairers ........................ 329 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians .................................................330 Medical Secretaries .........................................331 Medical Transcriptionists ............................... 332 ix
  11. 11. Table of Contents _______________________________________________________________________ Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers .................................................... 333 Millwrights ................................................... 334 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines ............................................ 335 Motorboat Mechanics .................................... 336 Motorcycle Mechanics .................................... 337 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic ................... 338 Municipal Clerks ..........................................340 Municipal Fire Fighters ..................................341 Municipal Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors ................................................. 342 Nuclear Equipment Operation Technicians .... 343 Nuclear Medicine Technologists ..................... 344 Nuclear Monitoring Technicians .................... 346 Nuclear Power Reactor Operators .................. 347 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants ...... 348 Occupational Therapist Assistants................... 349 Office Clerks, General ................................... 350 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators ...................................351 Painters, Construction and Maintenance ....... 352 Painters, Transportation Equipment .............. 354 Paralegals and Legal Assistants ....................... 355 Parts Salespersons .......................................... 356 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks ..................... 357 Pest Control Workers ..................................... 358 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation ................................................... 359 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers...............................360 Pharmacy Technicians ....................................361 Photographers................................................ 362 Physical Therapist Aides ................................. 363 Physical Therapist Assistants ........................... 364 Pile-Driver Operators.................................... 365 Pilots, Ship.................................................... 366 Pipe Fitters and Steamfitters .......................... 367 Pipelayers ...................................................... 369 Plasterers and Stucco Masons ......................... 370 Plumbers........................................................371 x Police Detectives ............................................ 372 Police Identification and Records Officers ....... 373 Police Patrol Officers ..................................... 374 Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers ........ 375 Postal Service Clerks ...................................... 376 Postal Service Mail Carriers........................... 377 Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and Processing Machine Operators ..................... 378 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents ........... 379 Power Plant Operators ..................................380 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education ....................................................381 Private Detectives and Investigators................ 382 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks ......................................................... 384 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products ..................................... 385 Radiation Therapists...................................... 386 Radiologic Technicians .................................. 387 Radiologic Technologists................................. 389 Rail Car Repairers.........................................390 Rail Yard Engineers, Dinkey Operators, and Hostlers ................................................391 Railroad Conductors and Yardmasters............ 392 Real Estate Brokers ........................................ 393 Real Estate Sales Agents ................................. 394 Receptionists and Information Clerks.............. 395 Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians......... 396 Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers ........... 397 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors....... 399 Registered Nurses ........................................... 399 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers .............. 401 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks ............................. 402 Residential Advisors ....................................... 403 Respiratory Therapists .................................... 404 Roofers .......................................................... 405 Rough Carpenters .......................................... 407 Sailors and Marine Oilers .............................408 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products.......................................409 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works
  12. 12. ________________________________________________________________________ Table of Contents Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products ..................................................... 410 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive ..............................................411 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers...... 412 Security Guards .............................................414 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers ...............414 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners ......................................................416 Sheet Metal Workers.......................................417 Sheriff s and Deputy Sheriff s........................... 418 Ship and Boat Captains................................. 419 Ship Engineers ..............................................420 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks .......... 422 Skin Care Specialists ..................................... 423 Slaughterers and Meat Packers....................... 424 Social and Human Service Assistants.............. 425 Social Science Research Assistants ................... 426 Solderers and Brazers .................................... 427 Sound Engineering Technicians ..................... 428 Statement Clerks ........................................... 429 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators .....430 Statistical Assistants ........................................431 Stonemasons.................................................. 432 Storage and Distribution Managers ............... 433 Structural Iron and Steel Workers .................. 435 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters ........ 436 Subway and Streetcar Operators .................... 437 Surgical Technologists .................................... 438 Surveying Technicians ................................... 439 Talent Directors ............................................440 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders ............... 441 Tapers ...........................................................442 Teacher Assistants .......................................... 443 Team Assemblers............................................ 444 Technical Directors/Managers ........................ 445 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers............ 447 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers ............................................. 448 Tellers ........................................................... 449 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works Tile and Marble Setters ................................. 450 Tire Repairers and Changers ...........................451 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers .... 452 Tour Guides and Escorts ................................ 453 Transportation Managers ............................... 454 Transportation Vehicle, Equipment and Systems Inspectors, Except Aviation .............. 456 Tree Trimmers and Pruners ........................... 457 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer ...... 458 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services ........ 459 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials ......................................................460 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians.........461 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary .............................................. 462 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators.................................. 463 Welders, Cutters, and Welder Fitters .............. 464 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products ..................................................... 465 Index ........................................................... 467 xi
  13. 13. Introduction W e kept this Introduction short to encourage you to actually read it. For this reason, we don’t provide many details on the technical issues involved in creating the job lists or descriptions. Instead, we give you short explanations to help you understand and use the information the book provides for career exploration or planning. We think this brief and user-oriented approach makes sense for most people who will use this book. Why We Created This Book Several years ago we wrote a book titled Best Jobs for the 21st Century. It was very well received and has since been revised several times. It covers all major jobs at all levels of education and training and includes only those with the best combined rankings for earnings, projected growth rate, and number of job openings. It is a very good book for those who want to consider jobs at all levels of education and training, but over one-third of the jobs included require a four-year college degree or higher. So we decided that the world needs a good book for the many people who want to get ahead or change jobs, but who do not have a four-year college degree and are not planning to obtain one in the next few years. This is that book. Where the Information Comes From The information we used in creating this book comes from three major government sources: The U.S. Department of Labor: We used several data sources to construct the information we put into this book. We started with the jobs included in the U.S. Department of Labor’s O*NET database. The O*NET includes information on about 950 occupations and is now the primary source of detailed information on occupations. The Labor Department updates the O*NET on a regular basis, and we used the most recent one available, version 13. Because we also wanted to include earnings, growth, and number of openings—information not included in the O*NET—we used sources at the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The Occupational Employment Statistics survey provided the most reliable figures on earnings we could 1
  14. 14. Introduction ___________________________________________________________________________ obtain, and the Employment Projections program provided the nation’s best figures on job growth and openings. These two BLS programs use a slightly different system of job titles than the O*NET does, but we were able to link the BLS data to all of the O*NET job titles we used to develop this book. The U.S. Census Bureau: Data on the demographic characteristics of workers came from the Current Population Survey (CPS), conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. This includes our information about the proportion of workers in each job who are men and women, are self-employed, or work part time. As with the BLS data, we had to match slightly different sets of job titles, but we were able to identify CPS data for almost all the O*NET jobs. The U.S. Department of Education: We used the Classification of Instructional Programs, a system developed by the U.S. Department of Education, to cross-reference the education or training programs related to each job. Of course, information in a database format can be boring and even confusing, so we did many things to help make the data useful and present it to you in a form that is easy to understand. How the 300 Best Jobs Were Selected The “This Is a Big Book, But It Is Very Easy to Use” section at the beginning of this book gives a brief description of how we selected the jobs we include in this book. Here are a few more details: 1. We began by creating our own database of information from the O*NET, the Census Bureau, and other sources to include the information we wanted. This database covers about 950 job titles at all levels of education and training. Of these, 638 require up to but not more than a two-year associate degree—including those requiring short-term to long-term on-the-job training, work experience in a related field, or postsecondary vocational training. 2. We eliminated 86 O*NET jobs for which we lacked useful information, plus an additional 14 jobs that are expected to employ fewer than 500 workers per year and to shrink rather than grow in workforce size. We also removed 54 jobs because they have annual earnings of less than $20,920, which means that 75% of workers earn more than the workers in these jobs. 3. We ranked the remaining 484 jobs three times, based on these major criteria: median annual earnings, projected growth through 2016, and number of job openings projected per year. 4. We then added the three numerical rankings for each job to calculate its overall score. 5. To emphasize jobs that tend to pay more, are likely to grow more rapidly, and have more job openings, we selected the 300 job titles with the best total overall scores. 2 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works
  15. 15. ____________________________________________________________________________ Introduction For example, the job with the best combined score for earnings, growth, and number of job openings is Registered Nurses, so this job is listed first even though it is not the best-paying job (which is Air Traffic Controllers), the fastest-growing job (which is Veterinary Technologists and Technicians), or the job with the most openings (which is Office Clerks, General). Understand the Limits of the Data in This Book In this book, we use the most reliable and up-to-date information available on earnings, projected growth, number of openings, and other topics. The earnings data came from the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics. As you look at the figures, keep in mind that they are estimates. They give you a general idea about the number of workers employed, annual earnings, rate of job growth, and annual job openings. Understand that a problem with such data is that it describes an average. Just as there is no precisely average person, there is no such thing as a statistically average example of a particular job. We say this because data, while helpful, can also be misleading. Take, for example, the yearly earnings information in this book. This is highly reliable data obtained from a very large U.S. working population sample by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. It tells us the average annual pay received as of May 2007 by people in various job titles (actually, it is the median annual pay, which means that half earned more and half less). This sounds great, except that half of all people in that occupation earned less than that amount. For example, people who are new to the occupation or with only a few years of work experience often earn much less than the median amount. People who live in rural areas or who work for smaller employers typically earn less than those who do similar work in cities (where the cost of living is higher) or for bigger employers. People in certain areas of the country earn less than those in others. Other factors also influence how much you are likely to earn in a given job in your area. For example, Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians in the Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Michigan, metropolitan division have median earnings of $56,740, probably because Northwest Airlines has a hub in Detroit and its mechanics are unionized. By comparison, the Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, Pennsylvania, metropolitan area has no major airline hub and only a small aircraft service facility with nonunionized workers. Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians there earn a median of only $31,540. Beginning wages vary greatly, too, depending not only on location and size of employer, but also on what skills and educational credentials a new hire brings to the job. Also keep in mind that the figures for job growth and number of openings are projections by labor economists—their best guesses about what we can expect between now and 2016. Those projections are not guarantees. A catastrophic economic downturn, war, or technological breakthrough could change the actual outcome. 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works 3
  16. 16. Introduction ___________________________________________________________________________ Finally, don’t forget that the job market consists of both job openings and job seekers. The figures on job growth and openings don’t tell you how many people will be competing with you to be hired. The Department of Labor does not publish figures on the supply of job candidates, so we are unable to tell you about the level of competition you can expect. Competition is an important issue that you should research for any tentative career goal. The Occupational Outlook Handbook provides informative statements for many occupations. You should speak to people who educate or train tomorrow’s workers; they probably have a good idea of how many graduates and trainees find rewarding employment and how quickly. People in the workforce can provide insights into this issue as well. Use your critical thinking skills to evaluate what people tell you. For example, educators or trainers may be trying to recruit you, whereas people in the workforce may be trying to discourage you from competing. Get a variety of opinions to balance out possible biases. So, in reviewing the information in this book, please understand the limitations of the data. You need to use common sense in career decision making as in most other things in life. We hope that, by using that approach, you find the information helpful and interesting. Data Complexities For those of you who like details, we present some of the complexities inherent in our sources of information and what we did to make sense of them here. You don’t need to know these things to use the book, so jump to the next section of the Introduction if details bore you. We selected the jobs on the basis of economic data, and we include information on earnings, projected growth, and number of job openings for each job throughout this book. We think this information is important to most people, but getting it for each job is not a simple task. Education or Training Required The 300 jobs selected for this book were chosen partly on the basis of the amount of education or training that they typically require for entry: All 300 jobs require some minimum amount of education or training, but for all the jobs, this minimum requirement is never as much as four years of college. We base the educational requirement on ratings supplied by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. You should keep in mind that some people working in these jobs may have credentials that differ considerably from the level listed here. For example, although Air Traffic Controllers need to have completed only long-term on-the-job training, almost one-third of these workers have a bachelor’s degree. More than half of Registered Nurses have a bachelor’s, and although it is possible to enter this occupation with an associate degree or a diploma from an approved nursing program, career opportunities without the bachelor’s are considerably more limited. 4 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works
  17. 17. ____________________________________________________________________________ Introduction Some workers who have more than the minimum required education for their job have earned a bachelor’s degree after being hired, but others entered the job with this educational credential, and the more advanced degree may have given them an advantage over other job seekers with less education. Some workers with less than the normal minimum requirement may have been hired on the basis of their work experience in a similar job. So don’t assume that the one-line statement of “Education Required” in the Part II job descriptions gives a complete picture of how best to prepare for the job. If you’re considering the job seriously, you need to investigate this topic in greater detail. Informative sources are listed in the last section of this introduction. Earnings The employment security agency of each state gathers information on earnings for various jobs and forwards it to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). This information is organized in standardized ways by a BLS program called Occupational Employment Statistics, or OES. To keep the earnings for the various jobs and regions comparable, the OES screens out certain types of earnings and includes others, so the OES earnings we use in this book represent straight-time gross pay exclusive of premium pay. More specifically, the OES earnings include each job’s base rate; cost-of-living allowances; guaranteed pay; hazardous-duty pay; incentive pay, including commissions and production bonuses; oncall pay; and tips. The OES earnings do not include back pay, jury duty pay, overtime pay, severance pay, shift differentials, nonproduction bonuses, or tuition reimbursements. Also, self-employed workers are not included in the estimates, and they can be a significant segment in certain occupations. When data on annual earnings for an occupation is highly unreliable, the OES does not report a figure, which meant that we reluctantly had to exclude from this book a few occupations such as Hunters and Trappers. For each job, we report three figures related to earnings: The Annual Earnings figure shows the median earnings (half earn more, half earn less). The Beginning Wage figure shows the 10th percentile earnings (the figure that exceeds the earnings of the lowest 10% of the workers). This is a rough approximation of what a beginning worker may be offered. The Earnings Growth Potential figure represents the ratio between the 10th percentile and the median. In a job for which this figure is high, you have great potential for increasing your earnings as you gain experience and skills. When the figure is low, it means you will probably need to move on to another occupation to improve your earnings substantially. For the 300 jobs in this book, the earnings growth potential ranges from a high of 60.4% for Athletes and Sports Competitors to a low of 10.5% for Postal Service Clerks. Because the percentage figures would be hard to interpret, we use verbal tags to indicate the level of Earnings Growth Potential: “very low” when the percentage is less than 25%, “low” for 25–35%, “medium” for 35%–40%, “high” for 40%–50%, and 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works 5
  18. 18. Introduction ___________________________________________________________________________ “very high” for any figure higher than 50%. For the highest-paying jobs, those for which BLS reports the median earnings as “more than $145,600,” we are unable to calculate a figure for Earnings Growth Potential. The median earnings for all workers in all occupations were $31,410 in May 2007. The 300 jobs in this book were chosen partly on the basis of good earnings, so their average is higher: $35,038. (This is a weighted average, which means that jobs with larger workforces are given greater weight in the computation.) The beginning (that is, 10th percentile) wage for all occupations in May 2007 was $16,060. For the 300 jobs in this book, the weighted average is a respectable $22,318. The earnings growth potential for these jobs is rated very high for 15 jobs, high for 79 jobs, medium for 110 jobs, low for 92 jobs, and very low for 4 jobs. The earnings data from the OES survey is reported under a system of job titles called the Standard Occupational Classification system, or SOC. Most of these jobs have an exact counterpart in the O*NET system of job titles that we use in this book, so it is easy for us to attach earnings information to most of our job titles. But a small number of the O*NET jobs simply do not have earnings data available for them from the sources we used and, therefore, were not included. In some other cases, an SOC title cross-references to more than one O*NET job title. For example, the O*NET has separate information for Automotive Master Mechanics and for Automotive Specialty Technicians, but the BLS reports earnings for a single SOC occupation called Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics. Therefore you may notice that the salary we report for Automotive Master Mechanics ($34,170) is identical to the salary we report for Automotive Specialty Technicians. In reality, there probably is a difference, but this is the best information available. Projected Growth and Number of Job Openings This information comes from the Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections, a program within the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) that develops information about projected trends in the nation’s labor market for the next ten years. The most recent projections available cover the years from 2006 to 2016. The projections are based on information about people moving into and out of occupations. The BLS uses data from various sources in projecting the growth and number of openings for each job title—some data comes from the Census Bureau’s Current Population Survey and some comes from an Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey. The BLS economists assumed a steady economy with a major war, depression, or other upheaval. They also assumed that recessions may occur during the decade covered by these projections, as would be consistent with the business cycles we have experienced for several decades. However, because the projections cover 10 years, the figures for job growth and openings are intended to provide an average of both the good times and the bad times. Like the earnings figures, the figures on projected growth and job openings are reported according to the Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) classification. So, again, we had to exclude a few jobs from this book because this information is not available 6 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works
  19. 19. ____________________________________________________________________________ Introduction for them. As with earnings, some of the SOC jobs crosswalk to more than one O*NET job. To continue the example we used earlier, the Department of Labor reports growth (14.3%) and openings (97,350) for one SOC occupation called Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics, but in this book we report these figures separately for the O*NET occupation Automotive Master Mechanics and for the O*NET occupation Automotive Specialty Technicians. When you see that Automotive Master Mechanics has a 14.3% projected growth rate and 97,350 projected job openings and Automotive Specialty Technicians has the same two numbers, you should realize that the 14.3% rate of projected growth represents the average of these two occupations—one may actually experience higher growth than the other—and that these two occupations will share the 97,350 projected openings. We had to do some special calculations to derive the figures for projected growth and annual job openings for Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary. The only figures available from the Department of Labor apply to a combination of 38 postsecondary teaching jobs. (The 37 other jobs require too much education to be considered for this book.) We looked at the trends of the last several years and discovered that none of these jobs grew or took on workers at a significantly faster rate than the other 37. Therefore, in preparing the Part I lists and the Part II descriptions, we assumed that Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary, will share the same rate of projected job growth as the other 37 jobs, 22.9%. To compute this job’s share of the 237,478 projected job openings for the 38 jobs, we used the ratio of its workforce size (97,550 workers) to the workforce size of the combined job (1,380,870). Job-growth figures may not be as easy to interpret as salary figures. For example, is projected growth of 15% good or bad? Keep in mind that the average (mean) growth projected for all occupations by the BLS is 10.4%. One-quarter of the SOC occupations have a growth projection of 3.2% or lower. Growth of 11.6% is the median, meaning that half of the occupations have more, half less. Only one-quarter of the occupations have growth projected at more than 17.4%. Although the jobs in this book were selected as “best” partly on the basis of job growth, their mean growth—10.7%—is only slightly higher than the mean for all jobs. Among these 300 jobs, the job ranked 75th by projected growth has a figure of 16.4%, the job ranked 150th (the median) has a projected growth of 11.3%, and the job ranked 225th has a projected growth of 8.4%. On the other hand, the number of job openings for the 300 best jobs is higher than the national average for all occupations. The BLS projects an average of about 35,000 job openings per year for the 750 occupations that it studies, but for the 300 occupations included in this book, the average is about 43,200 openings. The job ranked 75th for job openings has a figure of about 42,200 annual openings, the job ranked 150th (the median) has about 15,800 openings projected, and the job ranked 225th has about 7,900 openings projected. However, keep in mind that figures for job openings depend on how BLS defines an occupation. For example, consider the college teaching jobs. The Office of Occupational 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works 7
  20. 20. Introduction ___________________________________________________________________________ Statistics and Employment Projections recognizes one occupation called Teachers, Postsecondary, and projects 237,478 annual job openings for this occupation. As explained earlier in this introduction, we divided this huge occupation into 38 separate occupations, following the practice of O*NET and of the OES program. The “average” number of openings for all occupations changes substantially, depending on whether you deal with college teachers as one or 38 occupations. So it follows that because the way BLS defines occupations is somewhat arbitrary, any “average” figure for job openings is also somewhat arbitrary. Perhaps you’re wondering why we present figures for both job growth and number of openings. Aren’t these two ways of saying the same thing? Actually, you need to know both. Consider the occupation Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance, which is projected to grow at the astounding rate of 39.8%. There should be lots of opportunities in such a fast-growing job, right? Not exactly. This is a tiny occupation, with only about 2,100 people currently employed. So, even though it is growing rapidly, it will not create many new jobs (about 400 per year). Now consider Team Assemblers. Because of the decline of domestic manufacturing, this occupation is hardly growing at all—it’s growing at the glacial rate of 0.1%. Nevertheless, this is a huge occupation that employs over 1.25 million workers. So, even though its growth rate is unimpressive, it is expected to take on over 260,000 new workers each year as existing workers retire, die, or move on to other jobs. That’s why we base our selection of the best jobs on both of these economic indicators and why you should pay attention to both when you scan our lists of best jobs. Other Job Characteristics Like the figures for earnings, some of the other figures used to create the lists of jobs in this book are shared by more than one job title. Usually this is the case for occupations that are so small that the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) does not release separate statistics for them. For example, the occupation Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians has a total workforce of only about 45,000 workers, so BLS does not report a specific figure for the percentage of women workers. In this case, we had to use the figure that BLS reports for a group of occupations it calls Diagnostic Related Technologists and Technicians. We relied on this same figure for four other jobs: Diagnostic Medical Sonographers, Nuclear Medicine Technologists, Radiologic Technicians, and Radiologic Technologists. You may notice similar figure-sharing among related jobs where we list the percentages of workers in specific age brackets. Information in the Job Descriptions We used a variety of government and other sources to compile the job descriptions we provide in Part II. Details on these various sources are mentioned later in this Introduction in the section “Part II: The Job Descriptions.” 8 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works
  21. 21. ____________________________________________________________________________ Introduction Part I: The Best Jobs Lists There are 66 separate lists in Part I of this book—look in the Table of Contents for a complete list of the lists. The lists are not difficult to understand because they have clear titles and are organized into groupings of related lists. Depending on your situation, some of the job lists in Part I will interest you more than others. For example, if you are young, you may be interested to learn the highest-paying jobs that employ high percentages of workers age 16–24. Other lists show jobs within interest groupings, by personality type, by level of education, and in other ways that you might find helpful in exploring your career options. Whatever your situation, we suggest that you use the lists that make sense for you to help explore career options. Following are the names of each group of lists along with short comments on each group. You will find additional information in a brief introduction provided at the beginning of each group of lists in Part I. Here is an overview of each major group of lists you will find in Part I. Best Jobs Overall: Lists of Jobs with the Highest Pay, Fastest Growth, and Most Openings Four lists are in this group, and they are the ones that most people want to see first. The first list presents all 300 job titles in order of their combined scores for earnings, growth, and number of job openings. Three more lists in this group present the 100 jobs with the highest earnings, the 100 jobs projected to grow most rapidly, and the 100 jobs with the most openings. Best Jobs Lists by Demographic This group of lists presents interesting information for a variety of types of people based on data from the U.S. Census Bureau. The lists are arranged into groups for workers age 16–24, workers age 55 and older, part-time workers, self-employed workers, women, and men. We created five lists for each group, basing the last four on the information in the first list: The jobs having the highest percentage of people of each type The 25 jobs with the best combined scores for earnings, growth, and number of openings The 25 jobs with the highest earnings The 25 jobs with the highest growth rates The 25 jobs with the largest number of openings 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works 9
  22. 22. Introduction ___________________________________________________________________________ Best Jobs Lists Based on Levels of Education and Experience We created separate lists for each level of education and training as defined by the U.S. Department of Labor. We put each of the 300 job titles into one of the lists based on the education and training required for entry. Jobs within these lists are presented in order of their total combined scores for earnings, growth, and number of openings. The lists include jobs in these groupings: Short-term on-the-job training Moderate-term on-the-job training Long-term on-the-job training Work experience in a related job Postsecondary vocational training Associate degree Best Jobs Lists Based on Interests These lists organize the 300 jobs into groups based on interests. Within each list, jobs are presented in order of their total scores for earnings, growth, and number of openings. Here are the 16 interest areas used in these lists: Agriculture and Natural Resources; Architecture and Construction; Arts and Communication; Business and Administration; Education and Training; Finance and Insurance; Government and Public Administration; Health Science; Hospitality, Tourism, and Recreation; Human Service; Information Technology; Law and Public Safety; Manufacturing; Retail and Wholesale Sales and Service; Scientific Research, Engineering, and Mathematics; Transportation, Distribution, and Logistics. Best Jobs Lists Based on Personality Types These lists organize the 300 jobs into six personality types, which are described in the introduction to the lists: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional. The jobs within each list are presented in order of their total scores for earnings, growth, and number of openings. 10 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works
  23. 23. ____________________________________________________________________________ Introduction Best Jobs Through Apprenticeship Training This list presents 50 best jobs for which a federally registered apprenticeship is an available entry route. Apprenticeship programs combine worksite training with night classes. Apprentices earn while they learn, and they receive a credential known as journey worker status. The jobs are sorted by their total scores for earnings, growth, and openings. Best Jobs Through Military Training This list contains 50 best jobs for which military training is an available entry route. The jobs are presented in order of their total scores for earnings, growth, and number of openings. Bonus Lists: Jobs Employing a High Percentage of People Without a Four-Year Degree These two lists show jobs in which very few workers hold a bachelor’s degree. The first list includes all the jobs from the 300 in which more than 90% of the workers have not finished four years of college. The second list shows the best 50 jobs from this set, sorted by their total scores for earnings, growth, and number of openings. Bonus Lists: Jobs with the Greatest Changes in Outlook Since the Previous Edition These two lists show the jobs that have had the greatest revisions to their job-growth projections since the previous edition of this book. One lists the 25 jobs with the greatest increase in job-growth projection, and the other lists the 25 jobs with the greatest decrease. Part II: The Job Descriptions This part of the book provides a brief but information-packed description for each of the 300 jobs that met our criteria for this book. The descriptions in Part II are presented in alphabetical order by job title. This makes it easy to look up any job you find in Part I that you want to learn more about. 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works 11
  24. 24. Data Elements GOE Information Job Title Introduction ___________________________________________________________________________ Summary Description and Tasks Skills Education/ Training Program(s) Work Environment Personality Type Related Knowledge/ Courses 12 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works
  25. 25. ____________________________________________________________________________ Introduction We used the most current information from a variety of government sources to create the descriptions. We designed the descriptions to be easy to understand, and the sample that follows—with an explanation of each of its component parts—will help you better understand and use the descriptions. Job Title: This is the job title for the job as defined by the U.S. Department of Labor and used in its O*NET database. Data Elements: The information on education, earnings, growth, annual openings, percentage of self-employed workers, and percentage of part-time workers comes from various government databases, as we explained earlier in this Introduction. Summary Description and Tasks: The first part of each job description provides a summary of the occupation in bold type. It is followed by a listing of tasks that are generally performed by people who work in the job. This information comes from the O*NET database; where necessary, we edited the tasks to keep them from exceeding 2,200 characters. Personality Type: The O*NET database assigns each job to its most closely related personality type. Our job descriptions include the name of the related personality type. You can find more information on the personality types as well as a brief definition of each type in the introduction to the lists of jobs based on personality types in Part I. GOE Information: This information cross-references the Guide for Occupational Exploration (or the GOE), a system developed by the U.S. Department of Labor that organizes jobs based on interests. We use the groups from the New Guide for Occupational Exploration, Fourth Edition, as published by JIST. That book uses a set of interest areas based on the 16 career clusters developed by the U.S. Department of Education and used in a variety of career information systems. Here we include the major interest area the job fits into, its more-specific work group, and a list of O*NET job titles that are in this same GOE work group. Note that all titles listed here require less than a four-year degree. This information will help you identify other job titles that have similar interests or require similar skills. You can find more information on the GOE and its interest areas in the introduction to the lists of jobs based on interests in Part I. Skills: The O*NET database provides data on 35 skills, so we decided to list only those that were most important for each job rather than list pages of unhelpful details. For each job, we identified any skill with a rating for level of mastery that was higher than the average rating for this skill for all jobs and a rating for importance that was higher than very low. We order the skills by the amount by which their ratings exceed the average rating for all occupations, from highest to lowest. If there are more than eight such skills, we include only those eight with the highest ratings. If no skill has a rating higher than the average for all jobs, we say “None met the criteria.” Each skill name is followed by a brief definition. 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works 13
  26. 26. Introduction ___________________________________________________________________________ Education/Training Program(s): This part of the job description provides the name of the educational or training program or programs for the job. It will help you identify sources of formal or informal training for a job that interests you. To get this information, we used a crosswalk created by the National Crosswalk Service Center to connect information in the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) to the O*NET job titles we use in this book. We made various changes to connect the O*NET job titles to the education or training programs related to them and also modified the names of some education and training programs so they would be more easily understood. In 22 cases, we abbreviated the listing of related programs for the sake of space; such entries end with “others.” Related Knowledge/Courses: This entry can help you understand the most important knowledge areas that are required for a job and the types of courses or programs you will likely need to take to prepare for it. For each job, we identified the highest-rated knowledge area in the O*NET database, so every job has at least one listed. We identified any additional knowledge area with a rating that was higher than the average rating for that knowledge area for all jobs. We listed as many as six knowledge areas, with definitions, in descending order. Work Environment: We included any work condition with a rating that exceeded the midpoint of the rating scale. The order does not indicate any condition’s frequency on the job. Consider whether you like these conditions and whether any of these conditions would make you uncomfortable. Keep in mind that when hazards are present (for example, contaminants), protective equipment and procedures are provided to keep you safe. Getting all the information we used in the job descriptions was not a simple process, and it is not always perfect. Even so, we used the best and most recent sources of data we could find, and we think that our efforts will be helpful to many people. Sources of Additional Information Hundreds of sources of career information exist, so here are a few we consider most helpful in getting additional information on the jobs listed in this book. Print References O*NET Dictionary of Occupational Titles: Revised on a regular basis, this book provides good descriptions for all jobs listed in the U.S. Department of Labor’s O*NET database. There are almost 950 job descriptions at all levels of education and training, plus lists of related job titles in other major career information sources, educational programs, and other information. Published by JIST. 14 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works
  27. 27. ____________________________________________________________________________ Introduction New Guide for Occupational Exploration, Fourth Edition: The new edition of the GOE is cross-referenced in the descriptions in Part II. The New GOE provides helpful information to consider about each of the interest areas and work groups, descriptions of all O*NET jobs within each GOE group, and many other features useful for exploring career options. This most recent edition is published by JIST. Enhanced Occupational Outlook Handbook: Updated regularly, this book provides thorough descriptions for 270 major jobs in the current Occupational Outlook Handbook, brief descriptions for the O*NET jobs that are related to each, brief descriptions of thousands of more-specialized jobs from the Dictionary of Occupational Titles, and other information. Published by JIST. Internet Resources The U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Web site: The Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Web site (www.bls.gov) provides a lot of career information, including links to other Web pages that provide information on the jobs covered in this book. This Web site is a bit formal and, well, confusing, but it will take you to the major sources of government career information if you explore its options. O*NET site: Go to http://online.onetcenter.org for a variety of information on the O*NET database, including links to sites that provide detailed information on the O*NET job titles presented in Part II of this book. CareerOneStop: This site (www.careeronestop.org) is operated by the Minnesota Department of Labor on behalf of the U.S. Department of Labor and provides access to state and local information about occupations. It also can identify a one-stop career center near you that can help you find local job openings and providers of education and training. Thanks Thanks for reading this Introduction. You are surely a more thorough person than those who jumped into the book without reading it, and you will probably get more out of the book as a result. We wish you a satisfying career and, more important, a good life. 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works 15
  28. 28. PART I The Best Jobs Lists: Jobs That Don’t Require a Four-Year Degree T his part contains a lot of interesting lists, and it’s a good place for you to start using the book. Here are some suggestions for using the lists to explore career options: The Table of Contents at the beginning of this book presents a complete listing of the list titles in this section. You can browse the lists or use the table of contents to find those that interest you most. We gave the lists clear titles, so most require little explanation. We provide comments for each group of lists. As you review the lists of jobs, one or more of the jobs may appeal to you enough that you want to seek additional information. As this happens, mark that job (or, if someone else will be using this book, write it on a separate sheet of paper) so that you can look up the description of the job in Part II. Keep in mind that all jobs in these lists meet our basic criteria for being included in this book, as explained in the Introduction. All lists, therefore, contain jobs that require less than a four-year degree and that have high pay, high growth, or large numbers of openings. The economic measures are easily quantified and are often presented in lists of best jobs in the newspapers and other media. Although required education or training, earnings, growth, and openings are important, you also should consider other factors in your career planning, such as location, liking the people you work with, and having opportunities to be creative. Many other factors that may help define the ideal job for you are difficult or impossible to quantify and thus aren’t used in this book, so you will need to weigh the importance of these issues yourself. Consider using some of the career exploration resources listed in the last part of the Introduction. 17
  29. 29. Part I _________________________________________________________________________________ All data used to create these lists comes from the U.S. Department of Labor and the Census Bureau. The earnings figures are based on the average annual pay received by full-time workers. Because the earnings represent the national averages, actual pay rates can vary greatly by location, amount of previous work experience, and other factors. Some Details on the Lists The sources of the information we used in constructing these lists are presented in this book’s Introduction. Here are some additional details on how we created the lists: Some jobs have the same scores for one or more data elements. For example, in the category of fastest-growing, two jobs (Court Reporters and Surgical Technologists) are expected to grow at the same rate, 24.5 percent. Therefore, we ordered these two jobs alphabetically, and their order has no other significance. Avoiding these ties was impossible, so understand that the difference of several positions on a list may not mean as much as it seems. Likewise, it is unwise to place too much emphasis on small differences in outlook information: projections for job growth and job openings. For example, Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors are projected to have 37,785 job openings per year, whereas 37,731 openings are projected for Helpers—Carpenters. This is a difference of only 54 jobs spread over the entire United States, and of course it is only a projection. Before 2007, the Bureau of Labor Statistics rounded these projections to the nearest 1,000 and would have assigned these two occupations the same figure (38,000), which would have given Helpers—Carpenters the higher rank on the basis of alphabetical ordering. So, again, keep in mind that small differences of position on a list aren’t very significant. Best Jobs Overall: Lists of Jobs with the Highest Pay, Fastest Growth, and Most Openings The four lists that follow are this book’s premier lists. They are the lists that are most often mentioned in the media and the ones that most readers want to see. To create these lists, we ranked 484 major jobs according to a combination of their earnings, growth, and openings. We then selected the 300 jobs with the best total scores for use in this book. (The process for ranking the jobs is explained in more detail in the Introduction.) The first list presents all 300 best jobs according to these combined rankings for pay, growth, and number of openings. Three additional lists present the 100 jobs with the top scores in each of three measures: annual earnings, projected percentage growth through 2016, and number of annual openings. Descriptions for all the jobs in these lists are included in Part II. 18 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works
  30. 30. __________________________________The Best Jobs Lists: Jobs That Don’t Require a Four-Year Degree The 300 Best Jobs That Don’t Require a Four-Year Degree This list arranges all 300 jobs that were selected for this book in order of their overall scores for pay, growth, and number of openings, as explained in the Introduction. The job with the best overall score was Registered Nurses. Other jobs follow in order of their total scores for pay, growth, and openings. These 300 jobs are the ones we use throughout this book: in the other lists in Part I and in the descriptions found in Part II. A wide variety of jobs are on the list. Among the top 20 are jobs in health care, sales, education, and law enforcement. The top 100 also include several management and supervisory jobs, proving that these kinds of jobs do exist for people without a college degree. As you look over the list, remember that jobs near the top of the list are not necessarily “good” jobs—nor are jobs towards the end of the list necessarily “bad” ones for you to consider. Their position in the list is simply a result of their total scores based on pay, growth, and number of openings. This means, for example, that some jobs with low pay and modest growth but a high number of openings appear higher on the list, while some jobs with higher pay and modest growth but a low number of openings appear towards the end of the list. A “right” job for you could be anywhere on this list. The 300 Best Jobs That Don’t Require a Four-Year Degree Job Annual Earnings Percent Growth Annual Openings 1. Registered Nurses ........................................................................ $60,010.........23.5% ..... 233,499 2. Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products ................................................. $68,270.........12.4% ....... 43,469 3. Dental Hygienists .......................................................................... $64,740.........30.1% ....... 10,433 4. Criminal Investigators and Special Agents ................................... $59,930.........17.3% ....... 14,746 5. Immigration and Customs Inspectors .......................................... $59,930.........17.3% ....... 14,746 6. Police Detectives .......................................................................... $59,930.........17.3% ....... 14,746 7. Police Identification and Records Officers ................................... $59,930.........17.3% ....... 14,746 8. Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary........................... $45,850.........22.9% ....... 19,313 9. Paralegals and Legal Assistants ................................................... $44,990.........22.2% ....... 22,756 10. Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants ................... $38,640.........14.8% ......235,314 11. Advertising Sales Agents .............................................................. $42,820.........20.3% ....... 29,233 12. Computer Support Specialists ..................................................... $42,400.........12.9% ........97,334 13. First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers ................................................................ $55,950...........9.1% ....... 82,923 14. Self-Enrichment Education Teachers............................................ $34,580.........23.1% ....... 64,449 15. Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products .................................... $50,750...........8.4% ......156,215 (continued) 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works 19
  31. 31. Part I _________________________________________________________________________________ (continued) The 300 Best Jobs That Don’t Require a Four-Year Degree Job 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 20 Annual Earnings Percent Growth Annual Openings Construction and Building Inspectors .......................................... $48,330.........18.2% ....... 12,606 Real Estate Brokers ...................................................................... $58,860.........11.1% ....... 18,689 Police Patrol Officers .................................................................... $49,630.........10.8% ........37,842 Sheriffs and Deputy Sheriffs ......................................................... $49,630.........10.8% ........37,842 Correctional Officers and Jailers................................................... $36,970.........16.9% ....... 56,579 Radiologic Technicians ................................................................. $50,260.........15.1% ....... 12,836 Radiologic Technologists .............................................................. $50,260.........15.1% ....... 12,836 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses .................... $37,940.........14.0% ....... 70,610 Pipe Fitters and Steamfitters ........................................................ $44,090.........10.6% ....... 68,643 Plumbers ....................................................................................... $44,090.........10.6% ....... 68,643 Automotive Master Mechanics ..................................................... $34,170.........14.3% ....... 97,350 Automotive Specialty Technicians ................................................ $34,170.........14.3% ....... 97,350 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers ........................................ $38,720.........17.6% ....... 18,956 Customer Service Representatives .............................................. $29,040.........24.8% ......600,937 Surgical Technologists .................................................................. $37,540.........24.5% ........15,365 Real Estate Sales Agents.............................................................. $40,600.........10.6% ........61,232 Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance ................... $53,560...........8.9% ........22,024 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators ...................... $53,560...........8.9% ........22,024 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers ............................................................................... $67,020...........3.7% ....... 48,883 Respiratory Therapists .................................................................. $50,070.........22.6% ......... 5,563 Bill and Account Collectors .......................................................... $29,990.........22.9% ..... 118,709 Construction Carpenters .............................................................. $37,660.........10.3% ......223,225 Rough Carpenters......................................................................... $37,660.........10.3% ......223,225 Interior Designers.......................................................................... $43,970.........19.5% ..........8,434 Talent Directors ............................................................................. $61,090.........11.1% ..........8,992 Technical Directors/Managers ...................................................... $61,090.........11.1% ..........8,992 Flight Attendants........................................................................... $61,120.........10.6% ....... 10,773 Legal Secretaries .......................................................................... $38,810.........11.7% ........38,682 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health ............................................................................ $39,370.........28.0% ..........8,404 Forest Fire Fighters ....................................................................... $43,170.........12.1% ........18,887 Municipal Fire Fighters.................................................................. $43,170.........12.1% ........18,887 Physical Therapist Assistants ....................................................... $44,130.........32.4% ..........5,957 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer ....................................... $36,220.........10.4% ......279,032 Electricians ................................................................................... $44,780...........7.4% ....... 79,083 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works
  32. 32. __________________________________The Best Jobs Lists: Jobs That Don’t Require a Four-Year Degree The 300 Best Jobs That Don’t Require a Four-Year Degree Job Annual Earnings Percent Growth Annual Openings 50. First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers................................................................................ $55,380...........7.3% ........24,361 51. First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators......................... $49,850.........10.2% ....... 16,580 52. Dental Assistants .......................................................................... $31,550.........29.2% ........29,482 53. First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers ........................................................................... $44,650...........5.8% ..... 138,420 54. First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers ......................................................................................... $33,900.........15.5% ........37,555 55. Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks ........................... $31,560.........12.5% ......286,854 56. First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Police and Detectives.......... $72,620...........9.2% ......... 9,373 57. Medical Assistants ........................................................................ $27,430.........35.4% ........92,977 58. Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists ............ $38,640.........11.5% ....... 25,428 59. Brokerage Clerks .......................................................................... $37,360.........20.0% ....... 10,826 60. Diagnostic Medical Sonographers................................................ $59,860.........19.1% ..........3,211 61. Roofers ......................................................................................... $33,240.........14.3% ....... 38,398 62. First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand .......................................................... $40,640.........12.5% ........13,877 63. Social and Human Service Assistants .......................................... $26,630.........33.6% ........80,142 64. Automotive Body and Related Repairers ..................................... $35,690.........11.6% ....... 37,469 65. Food Service Managers ................................................................ $44,570...........5.0% ........59,302 66. Painters, Construction and Maintenance ..................................... $32,080.........11.8% ..... 101,140 67. Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians ................................ $49,010.........10.6% ......... 9,708 68. Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors .................................... $27,680.........26.8% ........51,235 69. Gaming Supervisors ..................................................................... $42,980.........23.4% ..........4,602 70. Radiation Therapists ..................................................................... $70,010.........24.8% ..........1,461 71. Tile and Marble Setters ................................................................. $38,720.........15.4% ......... 9,066 72. Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians ............................ $44,940.........25.5% ......... 3,550 73. Pharmacy Technicians .................................................................. $26,720.........32.0% ....... 54,453 74. Mates—Ship, Boat, and Barge ..................................................... $57,210.........17.9% ..........2,665 75. Pilots, Ship .................................................................................... $57,210.........17.9% ..........2,665 76. Ship and Boat Captains ................................................................ $57,210.........17.9% ..........2,665 77. Brickmasons and Blockmasons ................................................... $44,070...........9.7% ....... 17,569 78. Industrial Machinery Mechanics ................................................... $42,350...........9.0% ........23,361 79. Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines ................ $41,450.........12.3% ........11,037 80. First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Correctional Officers ........... $55,720.........12.5% ......... 4,180 81. Interpreters and Translators .......................................................... $37,490.........23.6% ......... 6,630 (continued) 300 Best Jobs Without a Four-Year Degree © JIST Works 21

×