Brittany Hurburgh Ag And Bio Systems Engineering Iowa State Univ

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Presentation regarding Produce Traceability as presented to FDA & FSIS on December 9 & 10, 2009 in Washington, D.C.

Presentation regarding Produce Traceability as presented to FDA & FSIS on December 9 & 10, 2009 in Washington, D.C.

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  • 1. Feasibility of Bulk Material Traceability Charles R. Hurburgh, Jr., Professor, Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering with ith Brittini Brown, Gretchen Mosher, Maitri Thakur, Greg Bennett Howard Shepherd, Chad Laux, Gunsu Gemesi
  • 2. Traceability is a Multipurpose Activity A ti it Ability to trace the history, application or location of an entity by means of recorded identifications. (EU #1830) Respond to security threats Respond to food safety problems Document chain of custody chain-of-custody Document production practices (eg. organic) Meet consumer desires or social preferences Provide safety/quality assurance or uniformity P id f t / lit if it Protect integrity of brand name; control risk Authenticate claims (eg. Regional foods) Regulatory compliance R l li Improve logistics and reduce production costs Organized, uniform response to unusual conditions Carbon footprinting
  • 3. Information at Each Step!
  • 4. Process Mapping – at the Farm Level
  • 5. Tracking Unit – Farm Level
  • 6. Farmers Cooperative Company Odebolt F ilit Od b lt Facility • First Site for ISO Certification • Replicate at Other p Locations Bulk Grain Handling
  • 7. Tracking Bulk Grain • Initial bin assignment all inbound tickets • Data fields for other information related to scale ticket • Date, time stamp establishes position within bin • Current technology – all possible scale tickets in every outbound. outbound • Translation – any tracking is a process of elimination • Where the grain cannot be. • Reduce the possibilities with management decisions • Controlled movement • Grain quality management
  • 8. Grain Traceability-Steady Improvement Traceability Index (Precision) First Set Second Set Average traceability index improving over i d i i Locations 22 15 time Complete Data 7 12 ==================== Locations with high traceability index Tracking Index lacked QM systems Average 374 227 High 942 945 Low index values at manageable levels Low 8 9 September 2007: 20 recalls; TI = 160; Range 3 - 1130 p g July 2008: 26 recalls: TI = 145; Range 5 - 698
  • 9. Cost-Benefit Summary for QMS Operation p g Cost Savings Grading $1,085 Inventory Control 10,675 Operations Efficiency 2,180 Regulatory Compliance 5,300 Employee Development 3,400 3 400 Total $22,640 Cost of QMS $11,250 Ratio: 2:1 One location – four months - 2002 Copyright © 2002 Iowa State University and Farmers Cooperative Elevator Company
  • 10. Supply Chain Mapping pp y pp g Feed Inputs Dairy Farms Dairy Processor
  • 11. •Date Received •Supplier •Bill of Lading •Operator •Silo Destination •Silo Source •Filler ID •Silo L l •Sil Level •Product P d t •Product Description P d tD i ti •Product Total •PT Tank Source •Product Destination •Date Received •Cream Destination •UPC Number •Cream Total •Sell By Date •Cooler Location •Pallet ID •Quantity •Product Destination •Route ID •Order Number
  • 12. Summary y • Traceability relates to product quality, safety, security and authenticity authenticity. • Traceability of bulk commodities can be more accurate than generally believed. believed • Traceability = operational efficiencies. • Traceability back through farming operations to land parcels? Would create management information as well as food safety. • Quantitative (amounts) vs probability (odds)
  • 13. Summary • The best system will become the regulatory and world trade standard. • International standards must prevail; ISO 22000/22005/22006 already • How precise will be good enough? • Gaps: – Ontology, linkages and models – Operating practices integrated with tracking integrated with cost efficiency integrated with Carbon tracking. – Application templates designed around cost analysis and assessment of objectives.
  • 14. See Proceedings from g Agricultural and Food Traceability Conference June 2009