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Population Mobility  in the  United States  Martha B. Sharma APHG Test Development Committee NCGE, Kansas City October 22,...
II.  Population <ul><li>C. Population movement </li></ul><ul><li>1. Push and pull factors </li></ul><ul><li>2. Major volun...
Some Basic Vocabulary* <ul><li>Domestic migration:  moves that cross jurisdictional boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Residenti...
U.S. Population Mobility <ul><li>Between 2002 and 2003, 40.1 million U.S. residents moved </li></ul><ul><li>More than half...
Source:   U.S. Census Bureau.
 
U.S. Change in Residence, 1995-2000 Source: U.S. Census Bureau,  Census 2000 , Summary File 3 [online]
United States:  Changing Residence 1995-2000 National Mean
 
United States:  Changing Residence 1995-2000 “Different House, Same City or Town” National Mean
United States:  Changing Residence 1995-2000 “Different House, Different City or Town, Same County” National Mean
United States:  Changing Residence 1995-2000 “Different House, Different City or Town,  Different County, Same State” Nati...
United States:  Changing Residence 1995-2000 “Different House, Different City or Town,  Different County, Different State”...
Region to Region Movement, March 1999 to 2000 Movers to the South Moved from Source: U.S. Census Bureau,  Census 2000 , Su...
Region to Region Movement, March 1999 to 2000 Movers to the Midwest Moved from Source: U.S. Census Bureau,  Census 2000 , ...
Region to Region Movement, March 1999 to 2000 Movers to the Northeast Moved from Source: U.S. Census Bureau,  Census 2000 ...
Region to Region Movement, March 1999 to 2000 Movers to the West Moved from Source: U.S. Census Bureau,  Census 2000 , Sum...
Beware the fallacy of absolute truth. What is true at one scale may not be true at a different scale.
United States:  Changing Residence 1995-2000 National Mean
South Carolina:  Changing Residence 1995-2000 National Mean
United States:  Changing Residence 1995-2000 “Different House, Different City or Town,  Different County, Different State”...
Movers to South Carolina 1995-2000 Moved from a Different State Source: U.S. Census Bureau,  Census 2000 , Summary File 3 ...
1. On the Census Bureau Home Page, locate American FactFinder
2. Select Data Sets
3. Select Summary File 3 and Detailed Tables
4. Select the Geographic Scale you want to examine.
5. Then select one or more Geographic Areas for which you want data and click “Add,” then “Next.”
6. Scroll through the list of tables to locate Table PCT 21; click “Add.”  Add additional tables if desired, then click “S...
7.  The data is presented as a table that can be printed or downloaded as an Excel file.
Questions to Guide Analysis <ul><li>How does your state compare to the rest of the country in term of mobility rates? Is i...
Questions   (continued) <ul><li>How might patterns of mobility affect political and economic trends in your state, county,...
Activity Space: Mobility at the Local Scale Population Mobility  in the  United States, Part 2
Movement at the individual scale is affected by three factors: <ul><li>Accessibility, i.e., “where you are” </li></ul><ul>...
Evaluating Personal Activity Space <ul><li>Have students keep a diary of their movements for 24 hours on a school day and ...
<ul><li>Have students interview people in different age groups  (e.g., a 7-year old, a college student, a parent, an elder...
Activity Space Resources <ul><li>Fellmann, Getis, and Getis.  Human Geography , 8 th  edition.  McGraw-Hill, 2005.  pp. 71...
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Population Mobility Pwrpt

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Transcript of "Population Mobility Pwrpt"

  1. 1. Population Mobility in the United States Martha B. Sharma APHG Test Development Committee NCGE, Kansas City October 22, 2004
  2. 2. II. Population <ul><li>C. Population movement </li></ul><ul><li>1. Push and pull factors </li></ul><ul><li>2. Major voluntary and involuntary migrations at different scales </li></ul><ul><li>3. Migration selectivity </li></ul><ul><li>4. Short-term, local movements, and activity space </li></ul>
  3. 3. Some Basic Vocabulary* <ul><li>Domestic migration: moves that cross jurisdictional boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Residential mobility: moves within the same jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><li>Moving rate: percentage of people who changed residence in a 1-year period </li></ul>*U.S. Census Bureau. Current Population Reports, March 2004.
  4. 4. U.S. Population Mobility <ul><li>Between 2002 and 2003, 40.1 million U.S. residents moved </li></ul><ul><li>More than half of all moves were local (i.e., within the same county) </li></ul><ul><li>Young adults had the highest moving rates (about one-third of 20-29 year olds in 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>Older adults had the highest interstate moving rates (28% of all 55 and older movers crossed state lines in 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>Hispanics and African American had the highest overall moving rates (18% in 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>Factors most influencing moving rates were age and home ownership </li></ul>Source: U.S. Census Bureau. Current Population Reports, March 2004.
  5. 5. Source: U.S. Census Bureau.
  6. 7. U.S. Change in Residence, 1995-2000 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 , Summary File 3 [online]
  7. 8. United States: Changing Residence 1995-2000 National Mean
  8. 10. United States: Changing Residence 1995-2000 “Different House, Same City or Town” National Mean
  9. 11. United States: Changing Residence 1995-2000 “Different House, Different City or Town, Same County” National Mean
  10. 12. United States: Changing Residence 1995-2000 “Different House, Different City or Town, Different County, Same State” National Mean
  11. 13. United States: Changing Residence 1995-2000 “Different House, Different City or Town, Different County, Different State” National Mean
  12. 14. Region to Region Movement, March 1999 to 2000 Movers to the South Moved from Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 , Summary File 3 [online]
  13. 15. Region to Region Movement, March 1999 to 2000 Movers to the Midwest Moved from Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 , Summary File 3 [online]
  14. 16. Region to Region Movement, March 1999 to 2000 Movers to the Northeast Moved from Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 , Summary File 3 [online]
  15. 17. Region to Region Movement, March 1999 to 2000 Movers to the West Moved from Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 , Summary File 3 [online]
  16. 18. Beware the fallacy of absolute truth. What is true at one scale may not be true at a different scale.
  17. 19. United States: Changing Residence 1995-2000 National Mean
  18. 20. South Carolina: Changing Residence 1995-2000 National Mean
  19. 21. United States: Changing Residence 1995-2000 “Different House, Different City or Town, Different County, Different State” National Mean
  20. 22. Movers to South Carolina 1995-2000 Moved from a Different State Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 , Summary File 3 [online]
  21. 23. 1. On the Census Bureau Home Page, locate American FactFinder
  22. 24. 2. Select Data Sets
  23. 25. 3. Select Summary File 3 and Detailed Tables
  24. 26. 4. Select the Geographic Scale you want to examine.
  25. 27. 5. Then select one or more Geographic Areas for which you want data and click “Add,” then “Next.”
  26. 28. 6. Scroll through the list of tables to locate Table PCT 21; click “Add.” Add additional tables if desired, then click “Show Results.”
  27. 29. 7. The data is presented as a table that can be printed or downloaded as an Excel file.
  28. 30. Questions to Guide Analysis <ul><li>How does your state compare to the rest of the country in term of mobility rates? Is it above or below the national mean? </li></ul><ul><li>What factors may account for your state’s mobility status? </li></ul><ul><li>Describe patterns of mobility within your state. </li></ul><ul><li>Which counties have experienced above average mobility? Which fall below average? How do you account for these patterns? </li></ul><ul><li>Examine patterns of mobility within your county or city. Visit areas of unusually high or low mobility. Observe characteristics that may influence mobility. </li></ul>
  29. 31. Questions (continued) <ul><li>How might patterns of mobility affect political and economic trends in your state, county, or community? </li></ul><ul><li>Did your parents grow up in your community or are they a part of the mobility pattern? </li></ul><ul><li>If your parents are “local,” how has your state, county, or community changed since they were in high school? Which changes are a product of mobility trends? </li></ul>
  30. 32. Activity Space: Mobility at the Local Scale Population Mobility in the United States, Part 2
  31. 33. Movement at the individual scale is affected by three factors: <ul><li>Accessibility, i.e., “where you are” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Opportunities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Distance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Mobility, i.e., “who you are” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Income </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Availability of car or public transportation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Mental maps, i.e., “what you know” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Perception of what is where </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Perception of danger </li></ul></ul></ul>
  32. 34. Evaluating Personal Activity Space <ul><li>Have students keep a diary of their movements for 24 hours on a school day and on a weekend day. [chart provided] </li></ul><ul><li>Using a piece of quarter-inch graphing paper, have students chart their movements for each day. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What factors limit their movement? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How is their activity space different on a weekend day compared to a school day? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  33. 35. <ul><li>Have students interview people in different age groups (e.g., a 7-year old, a college student, a parent, an elderly relative) concerning their movements over a 24 –hour period. </li></ul><ul><li>Have them repeat the graphing activity. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How does age affect mobility? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What factors limit or enable the mobility of persons in different age groups? </li></ul></ul></ul>Evaluating Activity Space - Extension
  34. 36. Activity Space Resources <ul><li>Fellmann, Getis, and Getis. Human Geography , 8 th edition. McGraw-Hill, 2005. pp. 71-76. </li></ul><ul><li>Kuby, et al. Human Geography in Action , 1 st edition. John Wiley, 1998. chapter 5. </li></ul><ul><li>Web resource: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.colorado.edu/geography/cartpro/cartography2/spring2001/dettloff/time/prism_map.html </li></ul>
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