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LITERATURE REVIEW- HOW TO MAKE YOURS COUNT?
 

LITERATURE REVIEW- HOW TO MAKE YOURS COUNT?

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PRESENTATION TRAINS GRADUATE STUDENTS TO PRODUCE AN EXEMPLARY LITERARY REVIEW

PRESENTATION TRAINS GRADUATE STUDENTS TO PRODUCE AN EXEMPLARY LITERARY REVIEW

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    LITERATURE REVIEW- HOW TO MAKE YOURS COUNT? LITERATURE REVIEW- HOW TO MAKE YOURS COUNT? Presentation Transcript

    • LITERARY REVIEW DISCRIMINATIVE READING RESEARCH READING CONSULTING SOURCE MATERIAL Reference: Research Methodology by Dr. K. Kaliyaperumal Bibliography: Research Methods for Graduate Business and Social Science Students by John Adams, Hafiz T.A. Khan, Robert Raeside and David White (pgs 70-77) Research Methods by Donald McBurney (pgs 36-46)
    • SUMMARY  Critical evaluation  Critical analysis  Critical reading  Goals  Critical thinking  Critical questions  Critical review  Overview
    • SUMMARY  Importance  Considerations  Steps of collection  Sources of data and types  Overview of other data sources
    • CRITICAL EVALUATION A critical review involves structuring and building a logical and coherent argument. It flows from one point to another, drawing upon evidence , and where possible, present alternate points. It might also involve evaluating the quality of the evidence presented to support an argument and not simply describing it. It helps to assess the quality of other peoples work , their limitations and gives a positive indicative for future research.
    • CRITICAL ANALYSIS  Look at value of the evidence presented  Address inconsistent or incompatible evidence stemming from research and seek to explain it  Weigh up the pros and cons of different positions , coming down on the side of one argument if the quality of evidence favors it  Try to find original links between sources or different strands of an argument  Show originality by presenting new ideas or interpretations based upon your own understanding of the material
    • CRITICAL READING To a critical reader any single text provides but one view of the facts or version of reality- it is one individual’s view of the subject matter. Therefore, they recognize not only what a text says but also how the text portrays the subject matter. They recognize the various ways in which each and every text is the unique creation of a unique author. Having recognized what a text says , critical readers reflect on what the text does: is it offering examples? Arguing? Appealing for sympathy? Making a contrast to clarify a point? Critical readers also infer what the text means as a whole, based on their analysis
    • What are its goals?  To recognize an author’s purpose  To understand tone and persuasive elements  To recognize bias by the author(s) – has the author not reported all the research or written the article so a particular view emerges as dominant which in actual fact may not be dominant
    • CRTICAL THINKING  Reply with reason not emotion  Require evidence, ignore no known no known evidence, and follow evidence where it leads  Be concerned more with finding the best explanation than being right  Analyse apparent confusion and ask questions  Weigh the influence of motives and biases  Recognise our own biases, assumptions, prejudices or points of view
    • Continued..  Evaluate all reasonable influences  Consider a variety of possible viewpoints/perspectives  Remain open to alternative interpretations  Accept a new explanation, model or paradigm because it explains the evidence better, is simpler or has fewer inconsistencies or covers more data  Accept new priorities in response to a reevaluation of evidence  Do not reject unpopular views out of hand  Recognise the relevance and/or merit of alternative assumptions/perspectives  Recognise the extent and weight of evidence
    • CRITICAL QUESTIONS  Summary and definition questions  Analysis questions  Hypothesis questions  Evaluation questions
    • CRITICAL REVIEW  Review questions To write a good review you should produce a short, well- structured report. In this report it should be clear that you are knowledgeable about the area and it is common to refer to other work. Summarize recent progress, findings in recent research. It may be several primary sources or data put together.
    • OVERVIEW  INTRODUCTION  BODY  CONCLUSION  LITERATURE  MATERIAL,METHODOLOGY OR ABSTRACT IS NOT NECESSARY.
    • WHAT NOT TO DO Do not include fraudulent figures or add someone as author without their knowledge or consent. Beware of originality and copyright policy of others work, give due credit as per their policy. Do not plagiarize, write to the author to get permission.
    • IMPORTANCE The review of literature is an important process in the realm of research. It provides literature background and context for the research problem. It should establish the need for research and indicate the writer is knowledgeable about that area.  It relates study to the larger ongoing dialogue in the literature about a topic, filling in gaps and extending prior studies.  it provides a comprehensive outlook about his area of research.
    • CONTINUED…  It is helpful to design your study and revise and extend your research design.  It is helpful to frame the hypothesis and guide you to frame the objectives of your study  It is helpful to write research proposals. And in a proposal, the literature review is generally brief. Be judicious in your choice of examples- the literature selected should be pertinent and relevant. Select and reference only the more appropriate citations.  It is also worth to note that the examiners of the research theses or research reports will always be serious about how best you used the literature already available and your search strategy- the procedures you used and sources you investigated to compile your literature review.
    • MAJOR CONSIDERATIONS  Fix time limit. Try incorporating new literature.  It is the duty of the researcher to identify, retrieving and reviewing those studies, which are very close to his study.  understand the available literature in print and non-print media. While full-text database are convenient and save time, the literature needs to be comprehensive and that will involve indexing and abstracting services and the use of inter- library loan.
    • STEPS IN COLLECTION STEP 1 INDENTIFICATION STEP 2 CLASSIFICATION STEP 3 EVALUATION STEP 4 WRITE UP
    • Sources
    • INTERNET AS SOURCE  SOURCES ON WEB  IPR  COPYRIGHT  SEARCH ENGINES Altavista, Infoseek, Hotbot used for searching appropriate articles related to your area of research.
    • LIBRARY  PRIMARY SOURCES TYPES  RESEARCH REPORTS- annual reports in journals  PATENTS- documents of exclusive rights  STANDARDS- product description  PERIODOCALS- issued at regular intervals  OTHERS-conference proceedings, theses, dissertations
    • SECONDARY SOURCES  ENCYCLOPEDIAS- treasure chest of knowledge  BIBLIOGRAPHIES  INDEX AND ABSTRACTING JOURNALS  GUIDES TO THE LITERATURE
    • TERTIARY PUBLICATIONS  DIRECTORIES  LIST OF PERIODICALS  LIST OF RESEARCH  OTHERS
    • NON DOCUMENTED SOURCES  INDUSTRIAL LIASON OFFICER- provides information about industries  INVISIBLE COLLEGE-interpersonal communication between scientists  RESEARCH ASSOCIATIONS-cooperative information exchange  INFORMATION CONSULTANCY-retired scientists and professionals give their expertise and knowledge  OTHERS-technical faculties , public and semi-public research estb.
    • OVERVIEW  GEOGRAPHICAL SOURCES  ATLASES AND MAPS  GAZETTERS  TRAVEL GUIDES  BIOGRAPHICAL SOURCES  YEAR BOOKS /ALMANACS  HANDBOOKS/MANUALS  UNION CATALOGUES  E- DOCUMENTS
    • PRESENTATION BY FLORENCE SUGANYA R 12-PZO-04 M.SC ZOOLOGY LOYOLA COLLEGE