Literary Terminology
abstract
active voice
ad hominem fallacy

ad misericordiam fallacy

aesthetics
allegory
allusion
anap...
critical analysis
critical essay
dactylic metre
Dadaism

decoding skills
denotation
dependent clause
deus ex machina endin...
extended metaphor
fable
fact
falling metre
feminine rhyme
figurative language
figures of speech
folklore
foot
footer
form
...
major sentence
masculine rhyme
metacognition
metonymy

metre
milieu
minor sentence




mnenonic device
monographs
monomete...
picaresque novel

pitch
plagiarizing
plausible
post hoc, ergo propter hoc fallacy

prefix
prewriting
primary source
produc...
statement of opinion
stereotype
stereotyping
stream-of-consciousness story

style
subplot
suffix
suspense

symbol
symbolis...
Works Cited list (Bibliography)
writer's handbook
writing prompt
Literary Terminology
short summary of ideas, or it can mean apart from concrete realities
occurs when the subject of the s...
examining things in a critical or close examining manner
an essay written examining an area in a close manner
a long sylla...
a metaphor that is extended thoughout an entire stanza or poem
a fairy tale to teach a moral lesson
the truth
is when the ...
A major sentence is a regular sentence; it has a subject and a predicate. For example: I have a ball.
a single monosyllabi...
a satirical novel which depicts in humourous ways the adventures of a roguish hero who lives by his wits in a
corrupt soci...
a single sentence or assertion based on opinion
a simplified and standardized conception or image
to characterize or regar...
a structured list of references used in your wrting
a handbook of advice, writing rules etc. for writers
anything that pro...
Dramatic/Visual composition/Film Terminology
art (visual) essay
aerial shot
cinematography
costume designer

close-up shot...
sound technician

split screen

stage directions

stagehands
stage manager

superimpose

telephoto lens


tracking

visual...
Dramatic/Visual composition/Film Terminology
 an essay which uses visual components to tell a story
 camera view from abov...
is a person responsible for dealing with the recording and reproduction of sound through mechanical
and electronic means
a...
Assessment Terminology
absent
accurate
adept
adequate
ambiguous
appropriate
aptly
astute
awkward
clarity
coherence
compete...
obscure
overgeneralized
oversimplified
peer assessment
perceptive
persuasive
plausible
polished
precise
proficient
purpose...
Assessment Terminology
missing
precise or correct
proficient
meeting standards
no clear answer, several possible meanings
...
block from view or far-fetched idea, vague or uncertain
to be unspecific beyond appropriate or justified limits
to simply ...
SS30-1 Related Issue #1 - Identity
Liberalism
Individualism
Common Good

Collectivism


Ideology

Progressivism

Individua...
SS30-1 Related Issue #1 - Identity
a political or social philosophy advocating freedom of the individual
a social theory a...
SS30-1 Related Issue #2 - Resistance to Liberalism
John Locke




Baron de Montesquieu




Adam Smith




John Stuart Mill...
Expansionism

Containment - Truman Doctrine
and Domino Theory
Deterrence
Brinksmanship

Détente

Non-alignmnet
Liberation ...
SS30-1 Related Issue #2 - Resistance to Liberalism
  was an English philosopher. Locke is considered the first of the Brit...
refers to the doctrine of a nation's expanding its territorial base (or economic influence) usually by means of
military a...
SS30-1 Related Issue #3 - Contemporary Liberalism
Consensus
Direct vs. Representative
Democracy
Authoritarianism


Command...
SS30-1 Related Issue #3 - Contemporary Liberalism
   general agreement or concord
   system of government in which either ...
SS30-1 Related Issue #3 - Contemporary Liberalism
The Human Condition
Dissent
Civility
Civil Disobedience

Political Parti...
SS30-1 Related Issue #3 - Contemporary Liberalism
   refers to the distinctive features of human existence
   to differ in...
Humanities vocab30
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Humanities vocab30

  1. 1. Literary Terminology abstract active voice ad hominem fallacy ad misericordiam fallacy aesthetics allegory allusion anapestic metre apostrophe archetype argument artistic unity autobiographical bathos begging the question bibliography (Works Cited List) Bidungsroman black humour cacophony caesura canon caption caricature catastrophe catharsis character foil citation clause cliché climax coherence colloquialism comic relief compression concept map confessional poetry conflict connotation consonance contexts
  2. 2. critical analysis critical essay dactylic metre Dadaism decoding skills denotation dependent clause deus ex machina ending diction didactic discipline documentary domain dominant line drafting dramatic irony dramatic monologue dramatic poetry dramatic purpose dub poetry editing editorial editorial cartoon elegy elision emphasis end rhyme end-stopped enjambment epic poem epigraph episodic epistolary escape ficton essay eulogy euphony explication exposition expository expressive writing
  3. 3. extended metaphor fable fact falling metre feminine rhyme figurative language figures of speech folklore foot footer form formal formal essay genre glittering generalities graphical element groundlings heptameter hexameter high culture hubris iambic metre idiom imperfect rhyme implications infer inference infomercial informal essay informational essay in medias res innocent-eye narrator interpretive fiction language arts literary non-fiction literature loaded words loose sentence low culture lyric poetry
  4. 4. major sentence masculine rhyme metacognition metonymy metre milieu minor sentence mnenonic device monographs monometer mood motif multimedia non-sequitur novella octameter ode oral tradition orature organizing principle parallelism parody passive voice pathos pentameter perfect rhyme periodical index periodicals periodic sentence persona personal essay perspective phrase
  5. 5. picaresque novel pitch plagiarizing plausible post hoc, ergo propter hoc fallacy prefix prewriting primary source producer proofreading proportion props prosaic prose poem quarto refrain register representing revising rhetorical device rhetorical question rising metre road literature sarcasm sardonic satire satirist scansion schwa secondary source sight rhyme situational irony slice-of-life story social dramatist soliliquy sonnet speaker spondaic metre stanza statement of fact
  6. 6. statement of opinion stereotype stereotyping stream-of-consciousness story style subplot suffix suspense symbol symbolism synecdoche tag tetrameter text theme thesaurus tilting title page verso tome tone tragedy tragic flaw tragic hero tranisitional expression trimeter triple rhyme trochaic metre understatement unity unreliable narrator urban legend values verbal irony verisimilitude verse villanelle voice volume weasel words webbing white space wide-angle lens
  7. 7. Works Cited list (Bibliography) writer's handbook writing prompt
  8. 8. Literary Terminology short summary of ideas, or it can mean apart from concrete realities occurs when the subject of the sentence performs the action expressed (e.g. The cat ate the mouse.) a general category of fallacies in which a claim or argument is rejected on the basis of some irrelevant fact about the author of or the person presenting the claim or argument. The fallacy comitted in trying to apeal for pity or symptahy in an argument in order to win the argument or have a conclusion accepted how it appeals to the senses treatment of a subject under the guise of another, double meaning an implicit reference to another work or person a metre comprised of two unstressd syllables and one stressed used to indicate theommission of one or more letters in a word the original pattern or model from which all things of the same kind are copied or based discussion/debate of different points of view having every part essential in some way or another written about oneself ludicrous descent from the exualted or lofty to the common place, anticlimax a type of logical fallacy in which the proposition to be proved is assumed implicitly or explicitly in the premise a collection of works used/citations a novel of all around self-development obscene or dark humour harsh discordance of sound a break or pause in a line of poetry dictated by the natural language a fundamental principle or general rule a heading or description of a picture or chapter a distorted view of a character or things a calamatous event; final event or conclusion, usually unfortunate release from tension and fear following the climas of the story - the calm following the storm a character which contrasts with the protagonist to highlight characteristics referencing the work bieng quoted or used A clause is a grammatical unit that includes at a minimum a predicate and an explicit or impled subject and expresses a proposition a trite overused expression the part in the story when a crises and resolution are reached logical interconnection word, phrase or expression used in everyday speech and wriitng amusing scene, incident or speech introduced into serious or tragic elements in order to provide temporary release from tension shortening a timeline to advance the story a diagram which shows various relationships between concepts poetry which reflects the state of mind and feelings of the poet the tension in a situation between charcters suggestion or implication evoked by a word or phrase over and above what it actually means close repetition of identical consonant sounds before and after different vowels - e.g. slip-slop the set of circustances or facts that surround a particular event or situation
  9. 9. examining things in a critical or close examining manner an essay written examining an area in a close manner a long syllable followed by two short syllables the style and techniques of a group of artists/writers in the early 20th centrury who exploited accidental and incongruous effects in their work a critical component in the ability to read the most literal and limited meaning of a word a clause that cannot stand alone within a full sentence, whch acts as a noun, adjective or adverb an unanticipated intervener who resolves a difficult situation a style of speaking or writing dependent upon choice of words intended for instruction a set system of rules and regulations telling of a story based on documentary evidence a field of action, thought or influence an important line in a book or play which is central to the overall meaning a first or preliminary form of any writing subject to revision or copying when the audience understands the implicaiton and meaning of a situation on stage but the characters do not a poem in which there is one imaginary speaker addressing an imaginary audience a form of writing which expresses emotional feelings - involves a narrative poem of a person in a specific situation the central emotional theme performance poetry consisting of spoken words over reggae rhythms revising article or publication expressing the opinion of the author/editor a cartoon depicting a humorous rendition of the artist's feelings or opinions on a matter a mournfull or melancholy poem especially a funeral song or lament for the dead the ommission or slurring of a syllable in poetry special stress laid upon or importance attached to occurs at the end of a line of verse where the sense and meter conincide in a pause a the end of a line running on of a sentence beyond the second line of one couplet into the first line of the next a long narrative poem can be an inscription on a statue or builiding, the writing on a coin, a quotation on the title page of a book or a motto heading a new section or paragraph pertaining to or of the nature of an episode contianed in or carried on in the form of letters a fiction which provides phychological escape from everyday life - purely for entertainment a composition of unfixed length which discusses formally or informally a topic or variety of topics - the most flexible and adaptable of all literary forms a speech or writing in praise of a person or thing agreeable sounds pleasing to the ear, a harmonious or pleasing combination or succession of words an explanation writing or speech primarily intended to convey information or explanation the infromation at the start of a book or play that is essential to know about what has happened, or events to come avoids the representaiton of external reality and instead projects highly personal visions of the world
  10. 10. a metaphor that is extended thoughout an entire stanza or poem a fairy tale to teach a moral lesson the truth is when the metre moves from stressed to unstressed when the words of two or more syllables rhyme - often used in humourous verse language that uses figures of speech e.g. metaphors, similes etc. an expression which uses language in a non-literal or unusual way to achieve a rhetorical effect it is literature which has been passed down orally by illeterate people gorup of syllables forming a metrical unit - a unit of rhyme a note at the end of a page shape, sturcture and the manner in which a literary work is made conventional a structured essay written with citations and references to previous works a class or category emotionally appealing words so closely associated with highly-valued concepts and beliefs that they carry conviction without supporting information or reason (e.g. courage, patriotist, common sense etc.) a symbol, emblom, icon or sign which is recognizable (e.g. a logo) a spectator or reader of unsophisticated or uncultured tastes a metrical line of seven feet a metrical line of six feet is the culture of an elite such as the aristocracy or intelligentsia desire beyond one's station consists of a unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable and is thought to be the nearest to speech and is common in English verse an expression whose meaning is not predictable from the usual meanings of its constituent words (e.g. kick the bucket) a rhyme between a stressed and an unstressed syllable. (e.g. wing , caring ) an implied meaning, indirect indications, suggestions to derive by reasoning the act or process of deriving logical conclusions from premises known or assumed to be true a long commercial that informs or instructs has formal structure but the content is less rigid and is written for pleasure an essay that contains information in or into the middle of a sequence of events The character telling the story may be a child or a developmentally disabled individual; the narrator is thus naive. The contrast between what the innocent-eye narrator perceives and what the reader understands may produce an ironic effect. A given situation purposed to explain or convery by action word or deed the combined study of literature and language branch of writing which employs literary techniques and artistic vision usually associated with fiction or poetry to report on actual persons, places, or events writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of universal inteest are characteristic or essential features - peotry, novels, etd. words that have negative or hurtful meaning which are likely to cause conflict a type of sentence in which the main idea comes first followed by dependent grammatical units (e.g. he went to town to buy groceries, to visit his friends and go to the bookstore) Low culture is a derogatory term for some forms of popular culture - reality shows, bathroom humour etc. a type of emotional song-like poetry
  11. 11. A major sentence is a regular sentence; it has a subject and a predicate. For example: I have a ball. a single monosyllabic rhyme at the end of a line (thorn, scorn) Metacognition is defined as "cognition about cognition", or "knowing about knowing." a figure of speech in which the name of an attribute or a thing is substituted for the thing itself eg. The stage, the crown, the bench arrangement of words in regularly measured patterns or rhythmic lines or versus someones surrondinds/environment a minor sentence is an irregular type of sentence. It does not contain a finite verb. For example, "Mary!" "Yes." "Coffee." etc. Other examples of minor sentences are headings, stereotyped expressions (Hello!), emotional expressions (Wow!), proverbs, etc. This can also include nominal sentences like The more, the merrier. is a mind, memory or learning aid a highly detailed and throroughly documented study or paper written about a limited area or subject field In poetry, a monometer is a line of verse with just one metrical foot state or quality of feeling imparted by the written word a recurring subject, theme, idea, etc., esp. in a literary, artistic, or musical work. the combined use of several types of media eg. Art and literature It is a comment which, due to its apparent lack of meaning relative to what it follows,[1] seems absurd to the point of being humorous or confusing, as in the following joke:Q: How many surrealists does it take to change a light bulb?A: Fish.The use of non sequitur in humor can be deliberate or unintentional. Literally, the expression is Latin for "it does not follow."[2] In other literature, a non sequitur can denote an abrupt, illogical, unexpected or absurd turn of plot or dialogue not normally associated with or appropriate to that preceding it. a fictional prose narrative that is longer and more complex than a short story (e.g. a short novel) a metrical line of eight feet a poem intended to be sung Oral tradition, oral culture and oral lore are messages or testimony transmitted orally from one generation to another. The messages or testimony are verbally transmitted in speech or song and may take the form, for example, of folktales, sayings, ballads, songs, or chants. In this way, it is possible for a society to transmit oral history, oral literature, oral law and other knowledges across generations without a writing system. oral literature (orature was introduced to reduce the oxymoron, but oral literature persists) a core assumption from which everything else by proximity can derive a classification or a value to give two or more parts of the sentences a similar form so as to give the whole a definite pattern - I came, I saw, I conquered a satirical imitation of a serious piece of literature or writing (e.g. The Life of Brian) When the subject is the patient, target or undergoer of the action, it is said to be in the passive voice. (e.g. The mouse was eaten by the cat.) the quality or power that evokes a feeling of pity or compassion a metrical line of five feet a rhyme of two words spelled or pronounced identically but have different meaning (e.g. rain and rein) a type of reference source that lists periodical articles by subject or author a published work that appears on a regular schedule eg. Newspapers, magazines etc. is a sentence that is not grammatically complete until its end the narrator of or character in a literary work, sometimes identified with the author an essay written from a personal point of view your viewpoint on something based on what you know a group of words funcitoning as a single unit in a sentence e.g. at the end of the street
  12. 12. a satirical novel which depicts in humourous ways the adventures of a roguish hero who lives by his wits in a corrupt society the pace and tone of text to take and use ideas, writing etc. without giving credit having an appearance of truth or reason a fallacy that inappropriately proportions cause and effect. Since that event followed this one, that event must have been caused by this one a small word placed in front of a word to change the meaning e.g. unhappy, substandard etc. Prewriting is the first step of the writing process, followed by drafting, revision, editing and publishing an original document pertaining to the event or subject of inquiry a person responsible for the financial and administrative aspects of a stage, film, television, or radio production checking over work for error the significance of a thing or event that an objective view reveals are objects or things used to create a scence, setting or effect having the character or form of prose rather than poetry is poetry written in prose that departs from some of the usual practices associated with prose discourse, for the sake of heightened imagery or emotional effect a type of book format that is formed from folding the original sheet into 4, hence the page size is a quarter of the original sheet a phrase or verse recurring at intervals in a poem or song a book in which records of names, events etc. are kept to set forth clearly with a view to influencing matters to alter something in order to make corrections, improve or update a use of language which creates a literal effect without regard for literal significance a question to which no answer is expected is when the metre moves from unstressed to stressed stories about journeys on the road harsh or bitter irony scornful, mocking, disdainfully humourous a literary composition in verse or prose in which human folly and vice are scorned and ridiculed a writer of satires the metrical analyses of verse the mid-central, neutral vowel sound typically occurring in unstressed syllables in English is a document or recording that relates or discusses information originally presented elsewhere agreement in spelling but not in sound at the end of lines of verse (e.g. have and grave) is the disparity of intention and result a story that portrays a "cut-out" sequence of events in a character's life a writer whose works deal with significant social issues a long speech by a character as if no one is around a class of poetry with 14 lines of definite pattern the person speaking a metrical foot of two stressed or long syllables e.g. cold feed A stanza is part of a poem consisting of a group of lines, set off by a space, that usually has a set pattern of meter and rhyme a single sentence or assertion based on fact
  13. 13. a single sentence or assertion based on opinion a simplified and standardized conception or image to characterize or regard as a stereotype a story that attempts to depict the multitudinous thoughts and feelings which pass through the mind - interior monologue disctinctive or characteristic mode of wrting a plot subordinate to the main plot of a literary work or film an affix which follows the word to which it was added (e.g. kindly, elderly) A literary device in which the author maintains the audience's attention through the buildup of events, the outcome of which will soon be revealed something used for or regarded as something representing something else representing things with symbols A figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole (as hand for sailor), the whole for a part (as the law for police officer) a quotation added for special effect a metrical line of four feet the main body of matter in a manuscript, book, newspaper etc. a unifying or dominant idea a book of synonyms a verbal debate the left page, opposite the title page in a book a book, especially on ethat is heavy large or learned Manner of expression in speech or writing a dramatic composition dealing with a serious or somber theme A flaw in the character of the protagonist of a tragedy that brings the protagonist to ruin or sorrow a literary character who makes an error of judgement or has a fatal flaw that combines with fate and external forces brings on a tragedy an expression used to flow one idea from another (e.g. at the same time, in conclusion, to illustrate) a metrical line of three feet a rhyme of involving three syllables (vanity/humanity) a metrical foot containing a stresed followed by an unstressed syllable, producing a fally rhythm to state or represent less strongly than the facts would bear out the state of being one (or whole) a narrator whose credibility has been seriously compromised usually due to lack of knowledge, deliberate attempt to deceive or psychological instability modern story of obscure origin with little or no supporting evidence a set of consistent beliefs is a disparity of expression and intention: when a speaker says one thing but means another the appearance or semblance of truth a stanza or a succession of meterical feet a class of poem with 19-lines of fixed form consisting of five tercets and a final quatrain on two rhymes expression in written words a collection of written or printed sheets bound together constituting a book a word that tempers the forthrightness of a statement making one's views misleading the intricate set or pattern of circumstances relating events or people in a story the portion of the paper not covered in print - empty, blank portion a wide perspective when writing
  14. 14. a structured list of references used in your wrting a handbook of advice, writing rules etc. for writers anything that prompts creative thought
  15. 15. Dramatic/Visual composition/Film Terminology art (visual) essay aerial shot cinematography costume designer close-up shot composition dissolve dollying director dub eye-level shot fade-in fade-out high-angle shot panning long shot low-angle shot medium shot lighting technician photo essay playwright reader's theatre revenge play shooting script screenplay script set designer set splice special effects
  16. 16. sound technician split screen stage directions stagehands stage manager superimpose telephoto lens tracking visuals voice-over wipe
  17. 17. Dramatic/Visual composition/Film Terminology an essay which uses visual components to tell a story camera view from above the art or technique of movie photography, including shooting and development a person who researchers period clothing and then design costumes for a film or stage production camera view from close to the object, person, view etc. so they take up most of the frame the plan, placement or arrangement of the elements of art in a work to fade out a shot or scene while simultaneously fading into the next a segment in which the camera is mounted on a wheeled platform that is pushed on rails while the picture is being taken a person responsible for interpretive aspects of a production, supervises integration of all the elements required to realize the writer's conception to insert a new sound tract, often a sychronized translation of the original dialogue, into a film a camera angle where the camera is at the level of human eyes to appear gradually by becoming lighter to disappear gradually by becoming darker the camera looks down on the subject from a high locaiotn making the actor/s appear more vulnerable to take a camera shot while rotating the camera on its horizontal or vertical axis to keep the moving person or object in view or to allow the film to record a panarama High angle shots also make the figure or object seem vulnerable or powerless. is a shot from a camera positioned low on the vertical axis, often at knee height, looking up a camera shot from a medium distance which work well to show both facial expressions and body language are people who rig and control electric lights for art and entertainment venues (theater or live music venues) or in video, television, or film production is a set or series of photographs that are intended to tell a story or evoke a series of emotions in the viewer is a person who writes dramatic literature or drama, usually for performance in front of an audience minimal theatre in support of literature and reading (e.g. minimal costumes, sets, props, acting etc.) the revenge play is a form of tragedy (e.g Hamlet) is the version of a screenplay used during the production of a motion picture a motion picture the manuscript of a play, motion picture, or radio or television broadcast a person who creates the scenery for theatre, film or television to arrange the scenery, properties, lights etc. for an act or scene Connection of two or more pieces of linear material such as film or audio tape illusions used in the film, television, theater, or entertainment industries to simulate the imagined events in a story
  18. 18. is a person responsible for dealing with the recording and reproduction of sound through mechanical and electronic means a type of process photography in which two or more shots are juxtaposed and projected simultaneously on the screen is specific terminology used to facilitate the precise movement and positioning of actors on the stage are people who move properties, regulate lighting etc. in a theatrical production a person who assumes full responsibility for the stage during a producton of a play and oversees the movement of the props, scenery etc. the placement of an image or video on top of an already-existing image or video, usually to add to the overall image effect, but also sometimes to conceal something is a specific construction of a long focal length photographic lens in which the physical length of the lens is shorter than the focal length, having the effect of magnifying the object a filming technique whereby the camera tracks beside the actor/object (e.g. alongside moving horses or vehicles) the picture elements as opposed to the sound elements in films, television etc. a production technique where a non-diegetic voice is broadcast live or pre-recorded in radio, television, film, theatre and/or presentation a gradual transition in film editing
  19. 19. Assessment Terminology absent accurate adept adequate ambiguous appropriate aptly astute awkward clarity coherence competent comprehension comprehensive confused considered controlling idea conventional convincing diction discernible dicerning distinct effective efficient excellent fluent generalized haphazard illuminating implied thesis imprecise inaccurate inappropriate indistinct ineffective insightful irrelevant integrated jarring judicious limited matters of choice matters of correctness mechanics
  20. 20. obscure overgeneralized oversimplified peer assessment perceptive persuasive plausible polished precise proficient purposeful poor relevant satisfactory sensible skillful straightforward superficial sustained syntactic syntax thesis thesis statement underdeveloped undeveloped undiscerning unifying effect unintelligible vague valid
  21. 21. Assessment Terminology missing precise or correct proficient meeting standards no clear answer, several possible meanings meeting what is expected done well perceptive not well planned, constructed how clear something is whether or not things fit together capable of meeting expectations or requirments ability to understand all encompassing, large in scope unsure well thought through central or main idea/theme normal or usual, conforming to accepted standards believable style of speech possible to understand an understanding unique in nature/quality producing intended or expected results productive use of time and resources exceeding or above standards, well done!! familiar with non-specific untidy and not well thought out sheds light on a subject unstated but supported central idea not precise not accurate not appropriate not distinct not effective able to extract inner meaning, perceptive, intuitive understanding not important and extraneous smoothly worked in, coordinated to provide a harmonious and interrelated whole abrupt and startling rule bound, good discriminating judgement lacking choosing the arguments to support your thesis using grammer and spelling and punctuation in a proper manner the technical aspects of writing
  22. 22. block from view or far-fetched idea, vague or uncertain to be unspecific beyond appropriate or justified limits to simply to the point of error, distortion or misrepresentation to have your work judged by your academic equals insightful to be able to convince of an idea through argument could have happened, believable well honed detailed apt intentional not well done connected with the matter in hand meeting acceptable standards having sound judgement having good ability simple and direct dealt with on the surface, lacking depth to keep up or keep going of or pertianing to syntax rules or patterns of language and writing a central theme or idea main idea stated in a single sentence not well developed not developed at all not discerning, lacking insight bringing things together to make a whole unclear, not understood not specific well founded
  23. 23. SS30-1 Related Issue #1 - Identity Liberalism Individualism Common Good Collectivism Ideology Progressivism Individual Rights & Freedoms Competition Economic Freedom The Rule of Law Private Poperty Public Property Collective Responsibility & Interests Cooperation Economic Equality Collective Norms
  24. 24. SS30-1 Related Issue #1 - Identity a political or social philosophy advocating freedom of the individual a social theory advocating the liberty, rights or independent action of the individual the common good describes a specific philosophy, ethic, moral or political belief that is shared and beneficial for all (or most) members of a given community a term used to describe any moral, political, or social outlook, that stresses human interdependence and the importance of a collective, rather than the importance of separate individuals a particular principle, position or policy that guides an individual, social movement, institution, class or large group favouring or advocating progress, change, improvement or reform as opposed to wishing to maintain things as they are the rights and freedoms of the individual rivalry offered by a competitor is the freedom to produce, trade and consume any goods and services acquired without the use of force, fraud or theft simply means that the law is above everyone and it applies to everyone refers to tangible and intangible things owned by individuals or firms over which their owners have exclusive and absolute legal rights assets owned by a state, community or government rather than individuals or private firm groups shared responsibilities and interests working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit the idea of having similar economic circumstance amongst different nations the beliefs and philosophies etc. of the majority in a group
  25. 25. SS30-1 Related Issue #2 - Resistance to Liberalism John Locke Baron de Montesquieu Adam Smith John Stuart Mill Laissez Faire Capitalism Industrialization The Class System Limited Government Classic Conservatism Marxism Socialism Welfare Capitalism Labour Standards Unions Universal Suffrage Welfare State Human Rights Feminism Communism Fascism
  26. 26. Expansionism Containment - Truman Doctrine and Domino Theory Deterrence Brinksmanship Détente Non-alignmnet Liberation Movements Neo-Conservatism Environmentalism Post-modernism Extremism
  27. 27. SS30-1 Related Issue #2 - Resistance to Liberalism was an English philosopher. Locke is considered the first of the British empiricists, but is equally important to social contract theory. His ideas had enormous influence on the development of epistemology and political philosophy, and he is widely regarded as one of the most influential Enlightenment thinkers, classical republicans, and contributors to liberal theory. was a French social commentator and political thinker who lived during the Era of the Enlightenment. He is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers, taken for granted in modern discussions of government and implemented in many constitutions throughout the world. He was largely responsible for the popularization of the terms feudalism and Byzantine Empire was a Scottish moral philosopher and a pioneer of political economy. One of the key figures of the Scottish Enlightenment, Smith is the author of The Theory of Moral Sentiments and An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. The latter, usually abbreviated as The Wealth of Nations, is considered his magnum opus and the first modern work of economics. Adam Smith is widely cited as the father of modern economics was an influential liberal thinker of the 19th century whose works on liberty justified freedom of the individual in opposition to unlimited state control.[2] He was an exponent of utilitarianism, an ethical theory developed by Jeremy Bentham, although his conception of it was very different from Bentham's. He clearly set forth the premises of the scientific method. the idea of separation of economy and state rapid growth of mechanical production a system where people are separated based on wealth, social status etc. is a government where any more than minimal governmental intervention in personal liberties and the economy is not usually allowed by law, usually in a written Constitution refers to various political and social philosophies that support tradition and the status quo is the political philosophy and economic practice based upon a materialist interpretation of history, a critical analysis of capitalism, a theory of social change, and an atheist view of human liberation derived from the work of Karl Marx refers to various theories of economic organisation advocating public or direct worker ownership and administration of the means of production and allocation of resources, and a society characterised by equal access to resources for all individuals with an egalitarian method of compensation the combination of a capitalist economic system with a welfare state are standards designed to eliminate unjust and inhumane labour practices a number of persons joined together for a common purpose, often to ensure the rights of workers in the workplace the right to vote for all persons over a certain age a state in which the welfare of the people in such matters as social security, health and education, housing and working conditions is the responsibility of the government the "basic rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled the doctrine advocating social, political nad all other rights of women equal to those of men is a family of economic and political ideas and social movements related to the establishment of an egalitarian, classless and stateless society based on common ownership and control of the means of production and property in general, as well as the name given to such a society. a government system led by a dictator having complete power
  28. 28. refers to the doctrine of a nation's expanding its territorial base (or economic influence) usually by means of military aggress Containment was a United States policy using military, economic, and diplomatic strategies to temper the spread of Communism, enhance America’s security and influence abroad, and prevent a "domino effect". act of deterring is the practice of pushing a dangerous situation to the verge of disaster in order to achieve the most advantageous outcome e.g. Cuban missile crisis international situation where previously hostile nations not involved in an open war de-escalate tensions through diplomacy and confidence-building measures a national policy repudiating political or military alliance with a world power an organization fighting a rebellion against a colonial power, often seeking independence based on a nationalist identity and an anti-imperialist out a movement in favour of political, economic and social conservatism any person who advocates or works to protect nature or natural resources from pollution or its effects Of or relating to art, architecture, or literature that reacts against earlier modernist principles, as by reintroducing traditional or classical elements of style or by carrying modernist styles or practices to extremes a tendency or disposition to go to extremes
  29. 29. SS30-1 Related Issue #3 - Contemporary Liberalism Consensus Direct vs. Representative Democracy Authoritarianism Command Economies Free market econtomies Traditional economies Mixed economies American Bill of Rights Canadian Charter of Rights and freedoms Quebec Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms War Measures Act Patriot Act Debt Poverty Racism Pandemics Terrorism Censorship Illiberalism
  30. 30. SS30-1 Related Issue #3 - Contemporary Liberalism general agreement or concord system of government in which either the actual governing is carried out by the people governed (direct democracy), or the power to do so is granted by them (as in representative democracy) a form of government characterized by an emphasis on the authority of state in a republic or union. It is a political system controlled by typically non-elected rulers who usually permit some degree of individual freedom an economy where supply and price are regulated by the government a market economy without intervention and regulation by government except to regulate against force or fraud an economic system in which resources are allocated by inheritance and which has a strong social network and is based on indigenous technology and methods is an economic system that includes a variety of public and government control, or a mixture of capitalism and socialism is the name by which the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution are known which protects the basic principles of human liberty the rights and freedoms set out for Canadian citizens is a statutory bill of rights and human rights code passed by the National Assembly of Quebec on June 27, a Canadian statute that allows the government to assume sweeping emergency powers in the event of war, invasion, or insurrection, real or apprehended is an act that allows authorites to conduct surveillance without judicial review a liability or obligation to pay or render something the state or condition of having little or no money, goods or means of support a belief or doctrine that inherent differences among the various human races determines cultural or human acheivement, usually believing ones own race is superior is an epidemic of infectious disease that is spreading through human populations across a large region; for instance a continent, or even worldwide the systematic use of terror especially as a means of coercion. One form is the use of violence against noncombatants for the purpose of gaining publicity for a group, cause, or individual is the suppression of speech or deletion of communicative material which may be considered objectionable, harmful, sensitive, or inconvenient to the government or media organizations as determined by a censor. is a governing system in which, although elections take place, citizens are cut off from knowledge about the activities of those who exercise real power because of the lack of civil liberties. It is not an 'open society'. This may be because a constitution limiting government powers exists, but its liberties are ignored, or to the simple absence of an adequate legal constitutional framework of liberty.
  31. 31. SS30-1 Related Issue #3 - Contemporary Liberalism The Human Condition Dissent Civility Civil Disobedience Political Participation Citizen Advocacy Humanitarian Crises Civil rights movements Anti-war movements McCarthyism (Red Scare) Pro-democracy movements Collective and individual action
  32. 32. SS30-1 Related Issue #3 - Contemporary Liberalism refers to the distinctive features of human existence to differ in sentiment or opinion from the majority, particularly in politics courtesy or politeness is the active refusal to obey certain laws, demands and commands of a government, or of an occupying power, without resorting to physical violence an individuals participation in politics representing the rights and interests of another person as if they were one's own is an event or series of events which represents a critical threat to the health, safety, security or wellbeing of a community or other large group of people organized groups fighting for civil liberties for all organized protests against war is the politically motivated practice of making accusations of disloyalty, subversion, or treason without proper regard for evidence are protests for democracy (e.g. Tiananmen Square ) the actions of the individual or of a group of individuals

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