Chiefs-in-Training (CiT) Deckplate Effects of changes at Strategic Level (Defense Strategic Guidance)
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Statement as Prepared by Secretary of Defense Leon E. Panetta on the Defense Strategic Guidance<http://www.defense.gov/releases/release.aspx?releaseid=14993>01/05/2012 01:07 PM CST________________________________IMMEDIATE RELEASE No. 009-12January 05, 2012________________________________Statement as Prepared by Secretary of Defense Leon E. Panetta on the Defense Strategic Guidance"Id like to begin by thanking President Obama for coming here this morning, and for his vision,guidance and leadership as this Department went through the intensive review we undertook to developthe new strategic guidance we are releasing today."This guidance recognizes that this country is at a strategic turning point after a decade of warand large increases in defense spending. As the President mentioned, the U.S. militarys mission in Iraqhas now ended, continued progress in Afghanistan is enabling a transition to Afghan securityresponsibility, the NATO effort in Libya has concluded with the fall of Qaddafi, targeted counterterrorismefforts have significantly weakened al Qaeda and decimated its leadership, and now as these events areoccurring, the Congress has mandated that we achieve significant defense savings."But even as our large-scale military campaigns recede, the United States still faces a complexand growing array of security challenges across the globe, challenges that call for a reshaping ofAmericas defense priorities, focusing on the continuing threat of violent extremism, proliferation oflethal weapons and materials, the destabilizing behavior of Iran and North Korea, the rise of newpowers across Asia, and the dramatic changes in the Middle East."All of this comes at a time when America confronts a serious deficit and debt problem which isitself a national security risk that is squeezing both the defense and domestic budgets. Even facingthese considerable pressures, including the requirement of the Budget Control Act to reduce defensespending by $487 billion over 10 years, I do not believe that we must choose between national securityand fiscal responsibility. The Department of Defense will play its part in helping the nation put its fiscalhouse in order."But the President has made clear, and I have made clear, that the savings we have beenmandated to achieve must be driven by strategy and rigorous analysis, not by the numbers alone."Consequently, over the past few months, we have conducted an intensive review to guidedefense priorities and spending over the coming decade, in light of strategic guidance from thePresident and the recommendations of this Departments senior military and civilian leadership. Thisprocess has enabled us to assess risk, set priorities, and make hard choices. Let me be clear, thisDepartment would need to make a strategic shift regardless of the nations fiscal situation. That is thereality of the world we live in."As difficult as it may be to achieve the mandated defense savings, this has also given us in theDepartment of Defense the opportunity to reshape our defense strategy and force structure to moreeffectively meet the challenges of the future, deter aggression, shape the security environment anddecisively prevail in any conflict."From the beginning, I set out to ensure that this strategy review was inclusive. ChairmanDempsey and I met frequently with Departmental leaders, including my Under Secretaries, the ServiceChiefs, Service Secretaries, Combatant Commanders and senior enlisted advisors. Weve discussed thisstrategy and its implications with the President, with members of Congress, and with outside experts."Four overarching principles have guided our deliberations:* First, we must maintain the worlds finest military, one that supports and sustains the uniqueglobal leadership role of the United States;* Second, we must avoid hollowing out the force -- a smaller, ready, and well-equipped military ispreferable to a larger, ill-prepared force that has been arbitrarily cut across-the- board;* Third, savings must be achieved in a balanced manner with everything on the table, includingpolitically sensitive areas that will likely provoke opposition from parts of Congress, industry, andadvocacy groups;* Fourth, we must preserve the quality of our All-Volunteer Force and not break faith with our men
and women in uniform or their families."With these principles in mind, I will focus on some of the significant strategic choices andshifts that are being made. But first, let me be clear that the U.S. military will remain capable across thespectrum. We will continue to conduct a complex set of missions ranging from countering terrorism andweapons of mass destruction to maintaining a safe, secure and effective nuclear deterrent. We will befully prepared to protect our interests, defend our homeland and support civil authorities."Our goal is to achieve this U.S. force for the future with the following significant changes:"First, the U.S. joint force will be smaller and leaner, but its great strength will be that it ismore agile, flexible, ready to deploy, innovative and technologically advanced."Second, as we move towards this new joint force, we are also rebalancing our global postureand presence, emphasizing the Pacific and the Middle East -- these are the areas where we see thegreatest challenges for the future. The U.S. military will increase its institutional weight and focus onenhanced presence, power projection, and deterrence in Asia-Pacific. This region is growing inimportance to the future of the United States economy and our national security. This means, forinstance, improving capabilities that maintain our militarys technological edge and freedom of action."At the same time, the United States will place a premium on maintaining our military presenceand capabilities in the broader Middle East. The United States and our partners must remain capable ofdeterring and defeating aggression while supporting political progress and reform."Third, the United States will continue to strengthen its key alliances, build partnerships anddevelop innovative ways to sustain U.S. presence elsewhere in the world."The long history of close political and military cooperation with our European allies andpartners will be critical to addressing the challenges of the 21st century. We will invest in the sharedcapabilities and responsibilities of NATO, our most effective military alliance. The U.S. militarys forceposture in Europe will of necessity continue to adapt and evolve to meet new challenges andopportunities, particularly in light of the security needs of the continent relative to emerging strategicpriorities elsewhere. We are committed to sustaining a presence that will meet Article 5 commitments,deter aggression, and the U.S. military will work closely with our allies to allow for the kinds of coalitionoperations NATO has undertaken in Libya and Afghanistan."In Latin America, Africa and elsewhere in the world, we will use innovative methods to sustainU.S. presence, maintaining key military-to-military relations and pursuing new security partnerships asneeded. Whenever possible, we will develop low-cost and small-footprint approaches to achieve oursecurity objectives, emphasizing rotational deployments and exercises, and other innovative approachesthat maintain presence."Fourth, as we shift the size and composition of our ground, air, and naval forces, we must becapable of successfully confronting and defeating any aggressor and respond to the changing nature ofwarfare."Our strategy review concluded that the United States must have the capability to fight inseveral conflicts at the same time. We are not confronting the threats of the past. We are confrontingthe threats of the 21st century and that demands greater flexibility to shift and deploy forces to fightand defeat any enemy anywhere. How we defeat that enemy may vary across conflicts. But make nomistake -- we will have the capability to confront and defeat more than one adversary at a time."As a global force, our military will never be doing only one thing -- it will be responsible for arange of missions and activities across the globe of varying scope, duration, and strategic priority. Thiswill place a premium on flexible and adaptable forces that can respond quickly and effectively to avariety of contingencies and potential adversaries."In addition to these forces, the United States will emphasize building the capacity of partnersand allies to more effectively defend their own territory and interests through better use of diplomacy,development and security force assistance."In accordance with this construct and with the end of U.S. military commitments in Iraq, andthe drawdown already underway in Afghanistan, the Army and Marine Corps will no longer need to besized to support the large scale, long-term stability operations that dominated military priorities andforce generation over the past decade."Lastly, as we reduce the overall defense budget, we will protect our investments in special
operations forces, new technologies like ISR and unmanned systems, space and cyberspace capabilitiesand our capacity to quickly mobilize. These investments will help the military retain and continue torefine and institutionalize the expertise and capabilities that have been gained at such great cost overthe last decade."Most importantly, we will structure and pace the reductions in the nations ground forces insuch a way that they can surge, regenerate, and mobilize capabilities needed for any contingency.Building in reversibility and the ability to quickly mobilize will be key. That means reexamining the mixof elements in the active and reserve components, maintaining a strong National Guard and Reserve,retaining a healthy cadre of experienced NCOs and midgrade officers, and preserving the health andviability of the nations defense industrial base."This strategic guidance is a first step in this Departments goal to build the Joint Force of 2020,a force sized and shaped differently than the military of the Cold War, the post-Cold War force of the1990s, or the force built over the past decade to engage in large-scale ground wars."This strategy and vision will guide the more specific budget decisions that will be finalized andannounced in the coming weeks as part of the Presidents budget. In some cases we will be reducingcapabilities no longer of top priority. In other cases we will invest in new capabilities to maintain adecisive military edge against a growing array of threats."There is no question that we have to make some tradeoffs, and that we will be taking on somelevel of additional but acceptable risk in the budget plan we release next month. These were not easychoices."We will continue aggressive efforts to weed out waste and reduce overhead, reform businesspractices, and consolidate duplicative operations. But budget reductions of this magnitude will inevitablyimpact the size and capabilities of our military. And as Ive said before, true national security cannot beachieved through a strong military alone -- it requires strong diplomatic, development, and intelligenceefforts and, above all, it requires a strong economy, fiscal discipline and effective government."The capability, readiness and agility of the force will not be sustained if Congress fails to do itsduty and the military is forced to accept far deeper cuts, in particular the arbitrary, across-the-boardcuts currently scheduled to take effect in January of 2013 through the mechanism of sequester. Thatwould force us to shed missions, commitments, and capabilities necessary to protect core U.S. nationalsecurity interests, resulting in a demoralized and hollow force."And finally, Id also like to address our men and women in uniform, and the civilian employeeswho support them, whom I know have been watching the budget debates here in Washington withconcern about what it means for them and their families. You have done everything the country hasasked you to do, and more."You have put your lives on the line, and fought to make our country safer and stronger. Ibelieve this strategic guidance honors your sacrifices and strengthens the country by building a forceequipped for the future. I have no higher responsibility than fighting to protect you and your families,just as you have fought and bled to protect our country."There is no doubt that the fiscal situation this country faces is difficult, and in many ways weare at a crisis point. But I believe that in every crisis, there is opportunity. Out of this crisis, we havethe opportunity to end the old ways of doing business and build a modern force for the 21st centurythat can win todays wars and successfully confront any enemy, and respond to any challenge of thefuture. Our responsibility is to protect the nations security and keep America safe. With this joint force,I am confident we can effectively defend the United States of America."Thank you."
Statement as Prepared by Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Martin E. Dempsey on the DefenseStrategic Guidance <http://www.defense.gov/releases/release.aspx?releaseid=14994>01/05/2012 01:10 PM CST________________________________IMMEDIATE RELEASE No. 010-12January 05, 2012________________________________Statement as Prepared by Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Martin E. Dempsey on the DefenseStrategic Guidance"As Chairman, it is my responsibility to work with the Joint Chiefs to ensure that the armedforces of the United States keep America immune from coercion. The Strategy just described by thePresident and the Secretary of Defense enables us to fulfill that responsibility. It sustains the sacredtrust put in us by the American people -- to defend them and our country."This strategy stems from a deeply collaborative process. We sought out and took on insightsboth within and beyond the Department of Defense to include the intelligence community and othergovernment departments. We weighed facts and assessments. We challenged every assumption. Weconsidered a wide range of recommendations and counter-arguments. I can assure you that the stepswe have taken to arrive at this Strategy involved all this and more."This strategy has also benefitted from an exceptional amount of attention by our senioruniformed and civilian leadership. On multiple occasions, we held all-day and multi-day discussions withthe Service Chiefs and every Combatant Commander. The Service Chiefs -- charged with developing theforce for the strategy -- were heard early and often. The Combatant Commanders -- charged withexecuting the strategy -- all weighed in time and time again. And, we were all afforded extraordinaryaccess to both the President and the Secretary of Defense. Frankly, the breadth and depth of dialogueto arrive at todays strategic choices was both necessary and noteworthy."Today, we are here to discuss the broad contours and central choices of this strategy. But,this is not the end. Rather, it is a waypoint in a continuous and deliberate process to develop the JointForce we will need in 2020. There are four budget cycles between now and then. Each of these cyclespresents an opportunity to adjust how and what we do to achieve this strategy in the face of newthreats...and in the context of a changing security environment."It is a sound strategy. It ensures we remain the preeminent military in the world. Itpreserves the talent of the All-Volunteer Force. It takes into account the lessons of the last ten years ofwar. It acknowledges the imperative of a global, networked, and full-spectrum Joint Force."And, it responds to the new fiscal environment -- though as a learning organization, it isimportant to note that even if we didnt have fewer resources, we would expect to change. As aconsequence, it calls for innovation -- new ways of operating and partnering. It rebalances our focus byregion and mission. It makes important investments in emerging and proven capabilities like cyber andspecial operations."There has been much made about whether this strategy moves away from a force structureexplicitly designed to fight and win two wars simultaneously. Fundamentally, our strategy has alwaysbeen about our ability to respond to global contingencies wherever and whenever they happen. Thisdoes not change. We will always provide a range of options for our nation. We can and will always beable to do more than one thing at a time. More importantly, wherever we are confronted and inwhatever sequence, we will win."We do accept some risk, as all strategies must. Because we will be somewhat smaller, theserisks will be measured in time and capacity. However, we have to be honest -- we could face evengreater risks if we did not change from our current approach."Im pleased with the outcome. Its not perfect. There will be people who will think it goes toofar. Others will say it doesnt go far enough. That probably makes it about right. It gives us what weneed -- in this world and within this budget -- to provide the best possible defense for our nation at atime of great transitions. It prepares us for what we anticipate needing in 2020.
"This is a real strategy. It represents real choices. And, I am here today to assure you it hasreal buy-in among our senior military and civilian leadership. This is not the strategy of a military indecline. This is a Strategy -- and a Joint Force -- on which the nation can depend."I want to wrap up by saying just a couple of words about leadership. It is always important,but absolutely essential during tough times. Make no mistake -- these are tough economic times, andthis strategy required some tough decisions. I want to thank President Obama and Secretary Panettafor their leadership throughout this process."The real test, though, is in execution. Fortunately, the young men and women who will becharged to carry out the lions share of this strategy know something about leadership too. It is thevery cornerstone of our profession -- the profession of arms. And for the past ten years, they havedone nothing but lead in some of the most difficult circumstances imaginable. For that reason, above allothers, I am absolutely convinced and fully satisfied that this strategy will meet our Nations needs forthe future."Thank you."