AMCM (Airborne Mine Counter Measures)
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AMCM (Airborne Mine Counter Measures)

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A mine is a terrible thing that waits... GO BLACKHAWKS! FLY NAVY!

A mine is a terrible thing that waits... GO BLACKHAWKS! FLY NAVY!

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AMCM (Airborne Mine Counter Measures) Presentation Transcript

  • 1. AIRFORCES brief to MINEWARA: MCM from the Air 21 May 09
  • 2. MCM RELEVANCE AND IMPORTANCE US SHIP CASUALTIES BY WEAPON TYPE 1950-PRESENT16 KOREA 1950-52 USS PRINCETON14 VIETNAM 1969-72 USS TRIPOLI ISRAEL 1967 USS TRIPOLI USS S.B. ROBERTS12 IRAN 1987-88 USS WARRINGTON USS PRINCETON USS WESTCHESTER COUNTY10 IRAQ 1991 USS BARTON TERRORIST 2000 USS E.G. SMALL8 USS WALKE USS MANSFIELD6 USS BRUSH USS COLE USS SARSI4 USS PARTRIDGE USS PLEDGE2 USS HIGBEE USS PIRATE USS STARK USS LIBERTY USS LIBERTY USS COLE USS MAGPIE MISSILE TORPEDO AIRPLANE SMALL BOAT MINE 2
  • 3. The Threat to Assured Access Moored Moored FloatingAnti-Invasion Buried/Partially Bottom Rising Contact Influence Contact Buried Influence Influence  The real goal of a minefield is Sea Denial, NOT the damage or destruction of a specific ship.  The Sea is a maneuver area. Navy goal is to assure Access, support STOM/OMFTS, NOT counter every mine. • Over 300 Mine Types • Over 50 Countries Possess • Low Cost but High effects • Simple to Deploy • Asymmetric 4
  • 4. SUMMARY OF MINING EVENTS (1980 – PRESENT)• 50-60 VESSELS SUNK OR DAMAGED – MAJORITY IN SRI LANKA• MANY ARMED CONTACT MINES ADRIFT – PERSIAN GULF• > 20 LIVES LOST AT-SEA & ASHORE• COSTLY SHIP REPAIRS/REPLACEMENTS• EXPENSIVE MULTI-NATIONAL MCM OPERATIONS• EXTENSIVE ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE 60+ COUNTRIES WITH MINING CAPABILITIES
  • 5. MINING OF MISRATAH• MINED BY LIBYAN GOVERNMENT FORCES (29 Apr 11) – ATTEMPT TO CLOSE PORT• MINES DEPLOYED OUTSIDE HARBOR ENTRANCE – 2 “QUICKLY CLEARED” – 1 “DRIFTED AWAY”• “ANTI-SHIPPING” MINES – MOORED CONTACT MINES• LIBYA PROVEN MINER LIBYAN MOORED CONTACT MINE – 1984 RED SEA MINING (Reuters) - NATO minesweepers searched the approaches of Misratah harbor Monday for a drifting mine that has blocked aid supplies to the besieged Libyan city and halted evacuation of foreigners and wounded Libyans.
  • 6. NAVAL MINE TRENDS• Increasing Lethality Ranges and Minable Waters – Torpedo-mines – Deeper anchor depths• Emerging Anti-Helo and ACV Capabilities• Mine Employment More Difficult to Detect – Denial & Deception improving – Standoff employment• Improved Target Discrimination/CCM Features – Microprocessor controlled triple influence TDDs/upgrade kits – Target libraries improving• Minehunting Increasingly Difficult – Stealth technology application growing• Security and Flexibility of Minefield Control Improving – Wireless Remote Control (Acoustic, EM, RF)CONVERGENCE OF WEAPONS, DELIVERY SYSTEMS AND WIDE AREA SENSORS NETWORKS
  • 7. Straight Rising Propelled Warhead Mines• PROPELLED-WARHEAD MINE – STRAIGHT-RISING – ROCKET PROPELLED• PASSIVE ACOUSTIC EM55• 130 kg WARHEAD• CASE DEPTH: 50-150 m• ANCHOR DEPTH: 55 – 200 m• SUBMARINE, SHIP-LAID• ASUW
  • 8. Encapsulated Torpedo Mines• PMK-2• PASSIVE / ACTIVE ACOUSTIC• MPT-1M THERMAL TORPEDO• CASE/ANCHOR: 400/1000 m• WIDE AREA COVERAGE
  • 9. Agile Minelayers• EXERCISE MINES LOADED ON SMALL BOATS
  • 10. ROCKET LAUNCHED MINESROCKET LAUNCHER WATER IMPACT DRIFTING MINES?
  • 11. MINE STEALTH IRREGULAR SHAPES CLOSE-TETHER MOORINGSNON-MAGNETIC CASES CASE BURIAL ACTIVE CASE BURIAL
  • 12. AIRLANT role in MCM Man, Train and Equip • HM-14 y Dedicated • HM-15 T oda • HSC-Expeditionary Organic re AMCM F utu MCM Triad MCM TriadUMCM SMCM 4
  • 13. Today’s Dedicated AMCMAround the world in 72 Hours HM-14 – homeport Norfolk Det 1 supporting C7F in Pohang, Korea (2 a/c) HM-15 – homeport change to Norfolk Sept 09 (BRAC) Det 2 supporting C5F in Bahrain (4 a/c) 5
  • 14. What makes up an HM squadron? 5
  • 15. HM Mission Requirements• Provide a 72-hour rapid-response Airborne Mine Countermeasures(AMCM) capability worldwide to support COCOM requirements.• Provide secondary capability for Vertical Onboard Delivery (VOD)and Heavy Lift.• Operate from ship or fully expeditionary shore self-support capable 7
  • 16. Requirement: 28 total aircraft inventory• 20 AMCM aircraft to cover multiple OPLAN and NORTHCOM HLD AMCM requirements – Includes 4 VOD a/c to cover EUCOM or other COCOM heavy lift logistic requirements and NORTHCOM HA/DR relief requirements. – HM AMCM to cover requirement with HC-4 Decom in Sept 07• 4 Aircraft on the line for FRS throughput• 2 RDTE a/c in P-City (supports alternative platform Organic AMCM systems DT/OT)• 2 aircraft for pipeline (10% of inventory) Bottom Line: Bottom Line: 20 MH-53E provide world-wide AMCM response 20 MH-53E provide world-wide AMCM response capability capability No comparable NATO/coalition capability exists No comparable NATO/coalition capability exists 6
  • 17. AMCM Capabilities• Rapid mine sweeping – Actuate influence mines (MK-105) – Sever moored mines from their tether (MK-103 Mechanical Sweep)• Mine hunting – Uses sonar or laser energy to locate, classify, and identify mines • Requires follow-on intervention for disposal 9
  • 18. Capability: Mine Hunting AN/AQS-24AN/AQS-24A Manta MK 36 UNCLAS 10
  • 19. AN/AQS-24 Laser Line Scan MK-36 CRN 73 7AQS-24 Sonar
  • 20. AMCM Contingency Systems AQS-20 ConfigurationThree of five OAMCM systems MH-53E compatible: • AQS-20 and AMNS contingency systems approved for MH-53E • Both systems have passed OPTEVFOR OA test program on MH-53E • Full OT not funded in favor of MH-60S platform • OASIS currently undergoing CT testing on MH-53E 12
  • 21. Pacing Capability: Influence Mine Sweeping MK-105 AN/SPU-1/WMagnetic Orange Pipe MK-104 24
  • 22. AN/SPU-1W (MOP) • AN/SPU-1W: Remains effective against influence mines in brackish to fresh water. In service. 10
  • 23. MK-104 • Acoustic minesweeping system. • Generates a sound field capable of actuating acoustic mines. • Streamed, towed and recovered from MH-53E. 9
  • 24. MK-105 MOD IV• Hydrofoil towed and remotely controlled from helicopter.• Launched from ships, ramps or remote sites.• Provides a safe and reliable method of detonating magnetic influence mines.• MK-106: combination acoustic / magnetic sweeps. (MK-104 + MK-105 = MK-106) 11
  • 25. MK-103• Mechanical minesweeping system used for sweeping moored mines.• Streamed, towed and recovered from MH-53E.• Consists of a port and starboard diverted wire sweep armed with cutters.• Sweep wires diverted by otters and supported by marker floats. 8
  • 26. Austere Site AMCM Operations 39
  • 27. HM NVD transitionCrawl – walk – run implementationwithin the MH-53E fleet 12
  • 28. Other MCM in R&DCounter-mine Remote Mine-hunting Unmanned Surfacesystem (JDAM) System (RMS) Sweep System (US3) Coastal Battlefield Reconnaissance UUV Low Frequency Broad Band Sonar 18 and Analysis (COBRA) (UUV LFBB)
  • 29. MH-53E: What has changed since 2005?• OAMCMMH-53E demand evolving beyond AMCM: Sea Base AR/LSB• Sea Base CONOPS: - Heavy Lift•OAMC ICD approved by JROC• OIF/GWOT Heavy lift requirements - ISO 3rd Army in Iraq• Increased demand for HA/DR assets TSUNAMI HA/DR OPS GWOT / OIF 17
  • 30. DSCA support • • Surveys of 12 DoD ports underway • Change detection Surveys of 12 DoD ports underway • • Surveys allow change detection Surveys allow change detection • • In experiments change detection: In experiments change detection: will reduce time to – Eliminated 54% of mine-like objects – Eliminated 54% of mine-like objects – Reduced clearance time by 30% clear a port. – Reduced clearance time by 30%• Heavy lift providesunmatched capabilityresponding to civilemergencies. 6
  • 31. MH-53E Look-back• Tsunami Relief JAN-MAR 05 HADR (PACOM)• JTF KATRINA AUG-SEP 05 HADR (NORTHCOM)• JTF RITA SEP 05 HADR (NORTHCOM• RIMPAC 06 JUN–AUG 06 MIW (PACOM)• PANAMAX 06 AUG–SEP 06 MIW (SOUTHCOM)• JTF LEBANON AUG – Nov 06 NEO (EUCOM)• POTUS MAR 07 Uruguay/Mexico SOUTHCOM• 3P (C7F AOR) MAY-NOV 07 HADR/GWOT (PACOM) HM-15 deliver essential supplies during Katrina MH-53E during RIMPAC Sled Ops 18
  • 32. FDNF – CENTCOM AOR• Pakistan Relief OCT-NOV 05 HADR• FAWOMOEX 05-2 OCT 06 MIW• NAUTICAL UNION JUL 06 MIW• SAIPAN MK-105 SEP – NOV 06 MIW• RFF 3rd Army IRAQ JAN06-JAN 07 GWOT support MK-105 SAIPAN C5F Ops 19 HM-15 conducting HADR in Pakistan
  • 33. MH-53E FLEX • MH-53Es begin reaching their structural service life limit in FY- 07 • Fatigue Life Extension (FLEX) – extends fatigue life limit of a/c from 6900 to 10,000 hours • Costs $500,000 per a/c ($4M for 16 AMCM aircraft) • Limited FLEX (16 a/c) maintains inventory through FY 15. • Allows Navy flexibility in assessing long term requirement for MH-53E or HLR 36
  • 34. MH-53E Program Milestones • 1987 MH-53E enters service as Navy’s AMCM platform • PR07 MH-53E Fatigue Life Extension (FLEX) extends service life from 2009 to 2014 • POM 08 Navy VOD (HLR) strategy (AR/LSB ICD): – IOC 2015 – FOC 2020 – Inventory Objective: 20 - 32 (notional) AOA to inform 40 MH-53E Requirement AR/LSB VOD (HLR)? 35 30Number of Airframes 25 20 MH-53E Total Active Inventory 15 10 5 0 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 RO 37 Year
  • 35. MH-53E Sustainment1. MH-53E Fatigue Life Extension Program2. Integrated Threat Warning System3. Night Vision Device (NVD) Capability4. Integrated Mechanical Diagnostic/Health and Usage Monitoring System (IMD/HUMS)5. Leverage off USMC HLR Program for MH-53E Follow-on Aircraft6. Leverage off USMC T-64 Engine Reliability Improvement Program7. Replace Kapton wiring8. Continue to Fund MH-53E Simulator9. Leverage off USMC Common Defensive Weapon System (GAU-21)10. #2 Engine Exhaust Redesign Fully Funded = Partially Funded = POM-08 Issue =Pom 08 = Unfunded 35
  • 36. Take Away• H-53E increasingly high demand - low density platform for COCOMs – GWOT demand exceeds USMC/USA heavy lift capacity• Evolving non MIW mission requirements will continue for MH-53E given GWOT/HADR demand• HC-4 Decommissioning removes Navy’s remaining non AMCM heavy lift response option – Limited AMCM assets will now be pressed for non MIW missions• Potential impact on core MIW readiness and primary AMCM response posture• Required: Unified Navy understanding of and response to future RFF for non MIW deployments of the MH-53E 20
  • 37. AMCM Outlook CAPT Paul LluyCOMHSCWINGLANT 1