Escola Básica de Canidelo
Exists many people, animals, plants and other things that are
treated very bad. Because of it were created laws to be
imposed their rights.
If exists rights they must be fulfilled, but many people don’t
respect the others and their rights.
All the humans have rights and must have liberty. So, in 1948
were created “Universal Declaration of Humans Rights”.
All humans are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act
towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Everyone has the capacity to enjoy the rights and freedoms set
forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind,
whether of race, colour, sex, language, religion, political
opinion or of another nature, national or social origin, wealth,
birth, or any other condition.
Every person has the right to life, liberty and personal security.
No one shall be held in slavery or servitude, slavery and the
slave trade shall be prohibited in all its forms.
No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman
treatment or punishment or degrading.
Everyone has the right to be recognized everywhere as a
person before the law.
All are equal before the law and are entitled without any
discrimination, to equal protection of law. Everyone are
entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in
violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such
Everyone is entitled to receive from the competent national
taxes effective remedy for acts violating the fundamental rights
which are recognized by the Constitution or by law.
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or
Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing
by an independent and impartial tribunal to decide of their
rights and duties or the soundness of any criminal charge
1. Everyone accused of a criminal act has the right to be
presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law on
public trial at which you have been provided all the guarantees
necessary for his defense.
2. Nobody can be blamed for any action or omission which, at
the time, did not constitute an offence against national or
international law. Either stronger penalty shall be imposed
than the one that, at the time of practice, was applicable to
No one shall be subjected to interference with his privacy,
family, home or correspondence, or to attacks upon his honor
and reputation. Every person has the right to protection of the
law against such interference or attacks.
1. Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and
residence within the borders of each State.
2. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his
own, and to return to his country.
1. Everyone, the victim of persecution, has the right to seek
and enjoy asylum in other countries.
2. This right may not be invoked in case of persecution
legitimately motivated by common law crimes or acts contrary
to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.
1. Everyone has the right to a nationality.
2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality, nor
denied the right to change nationality.
1. Men and women of greater age, without any retrace of race,
nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a
family. Enjoy equal rights in respect of a marriage, its duration
and its dissolution.
2. Marriage shall not be valid if not with the free and full
consent of the spouses.
1. Everyone has the right to property, alone or in partnership
2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and
religion; this right includes freedom to change religion or belief
and freedom to manifest this religion or belief, by teaching,
practice, worship and observance, individually or collectively,
in public or in private.
Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression;
this right includes freedom to have opinions without
interference and to seek, receive and impart information and
ideas by any means and regardless of frontiers.
1. Everyone has the right to freedom of Assembly and peaceful
2. Nobody must be forced to be part of an association.
1. Everyone has the right to take part in the Government of his
country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.
2. Everyone has equal right of access to public service in his
3. The will of the people will be the basis of authority of
Government; This will shall be expressed in periodic and
legitimate elections, by universal suffrage, by secret ballot or
equivalent process that ensures the freedom to vote.
Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social
security and the implementation by national effort and
international cooperation in accordance with the Organization
and resources of each State, economic, social and cultural
rights indispensable for his dignity and free development of his
1. Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of
employment, fair and favorable work and to protection against
2. Everyone, without any distinction, are entitled to equal pay
for equal work.
3. Everyone who works has the right to a fair remuneration and
satisfactory, that you make, as well as to his family, a life
compatible with human dignity, and plus, if necessary, other
means of social protection.
4. Everyone has the right to organize trade unions and join
them to protect their interests.
Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable
limitation of working hours and periodic paid vacation.
1. Everyone has the right to a standard of living capable of
ensuring you and your family health and well-being, including
food, clothing, housing, medical care and necessary social
services, and the right to security in the event of
unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or
other cases of loss of livelihood out of your control.
2. Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and
assistance. All children born within or outside of marriage shall
enjoy the same social protection.
1. Everyone has the right to education. The statement is free of
charge, at least in fundamental and elementary grades.
Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and
professional education shall be accessible to all, as well as the
statement above, this based on merit.
2. The statement is geared towards the full development of
human personality and strengthen respect for human rights
and fundamental freedoms. The statement shall promote
understanding, tolerance and friendship among all Nations and
racial or religious groups, and will complement the activities of
the United Nations for peacekeeping.
3. Parents have priority of law no choice of instruction which
shall be ministered genre to their children.
1. Everyone has the right to participate freely in cultural life of
the community, to enjoy the arts and to participate in the
scientific process and its benefits.
2. Everyone has the right to protection of moral and material
interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic
production of which is the author.
Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which
the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be
1. Everyone has duties to the community, in which the free and
full development of his personality is possible.
2. In the exercise of their rights and freedoms, everyone shall
be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law
solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect
for fundamental rights and freedoms of others and meet the
fair demands of morality, public order and welfare of a
3. These rights and freedoms may not, under any
circumstances, be exercised contrary to the purposes and
principles of the United Nations.
Nothing in this declaration should be interpreted as
recognition to any State, group or person, the right to exercise
any activity or perform any act aimed at the destruction of any
of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.
Because the animals were treated so badly decided to
create, in 27th January 1978, the “Universal Declaration of
Animals Rights”. It is used to defend its rights, that are usually
All the animals born equal and have the same rights to
1. Every animal has the right to be respected.
2. The man, like a animal species, can’t attribute him the right
to exterminate the other animals or to exploit them, in
violation of that right. He has the obligation to put his
knowledge to the animals.
3. All the animals have the right to attention, care and
protection of man.
1. No animal will be subjected to bad manners or even cruel
2. If the death of an animal is necessary, it must be
instantaneous, painless and not generate anguish.
1. Every animal that belongs to a wild species has the right to
live free in its natural environment, land, air or water, and to
2. Any deprivation of liberty, including some that have
educational purposes, is opposed this right.
Every animal that belongs to a species that live traditionally in
contact with man, has the right to live and to grow with the
conditions of life and freedom that be appropriate of its
Any modification of that rhythm or conditions, which is
imposed by man with commercial purposes, is opposed this
Every animal that man has chosen as a friend, has the right to
the duration of its life be according to their natural longevity.
The abandonment of an animal is cruel and degrading act.
Every animal that work has the right to a reasonable limit of
time and intensity of work, an adequate food and rest.
An animal experimentation that involve a physical and
psychological suffering isn’t compatible with the animals rights,
whether they be medical, scientific, commercial or any other
kind of experimentation.
The experimental and alternatives techniques must be used
When an animal is bred for human food, it must be fed,
housed and transported, like sacrificed without that with those
acts result pain or anxiety.
Animals mustn’t be exploited for human entertainment.
Animals exhibitions and shows that made use of animals,
aren’t compatibles with animal dignity.
Any act that causes the death of an animal, without necessity,
is a crime against life.
Every act that causes the death of a large number of wild
species is genocide, that is, a crime against the species.
The contamination and destruction of the natural environment
lead to genocide.
A death animal must be treating with respect.
Violent scenes in which animals are the victims, should be
forbidden in the cinema and in the television, except if these
scenes are meant to show the attacks against animals rights.
The organisms of protection and safeguard of the animals must
be represented at government level.
Animals rights must be defended by law, like are human rights.
Like us plants have rights. The “Universal Declaration of
Plants Rights” is constitued by 22 articles.
1st article We declare by principle that plants have a right to
live, just as animals do, free of excessive human exploitation,
be it the name of science or sport, exhibition or service,
nutrition or fashion. The goal ultimately is to avoid the risk of
extinction of any species. A healthy vegetation in Nature
benefits humans and animals alike.
2nd article Intervene by all means possible to help species in
danger of extinction.
3rd article Ensure protection in all places, including remote
areas with endemic vegetation, from cloud forests, table
mountains and high barren plateaus, down to beaches,
mangrove swamps and deserts. There are very fragile wetlands
as well as vegetated areas close to cities, which must be
4th article Protect remaining tropical forests in developing
countries against the indiscriminate use of highly destructive
mechanized equipment, such as chainsaws or even tools of
minor destructive power like machetes. Legislation against the
indiscriminate cutting of trees in those countries must be
5th article Ban all looting of endemic plants for collectors and
avoid buying plants that have not been grown but plundered
from the forest. Not create private herbaria of rare plants,
which may be in danger of extinction.
6th article Let us eliminate all the depreciative words referring
to plants. There are synonyms, like sub-vegetation, invasive
plants, etc. but above all, each plant has a name, the so called
scientific name, which consists of the names of the genus and
species in addition to the name of the family it belongs to. This
approach calls for education and respect that is learned from
childhood and through schooling, including to university level.
In this way we learn to observe, understand and appreciate
7th article Avoid cruelty against plants such as inadequate
pruning or excessive lopping or any other unwise procedure,
which often can cause the death of the plant.
8th article Limit and aim to halt destructive shifting cultivation
(slash and burn) by addressing the underlying social and
9th article Avoid fires at all costs. Fire entails the risk of
spreading into other zones of vegetation in the neighborhood
and can damage forever biodiversity and a region's climate.
10th article Recommend non-degrading methods as
alternatives to "slash and burn" practice, abandon the use of
fire, reduce monoculture - changing species to be cultivated -
and conserve nitrogen-fixing bacteria like rhizobium, and
fungus like mycorrhizas, etc. Ask for the assistance of experts in
11th article Encourage the cultivation of nourishing, medicinal,
ornamental and other useful plants of all types and protect
them against insects and other animals, preferably in a way
that is non-damaging to the environment.
12th article The botanist researcher should work together with
people, who take care of living plants. Scientific institutions,
universities and botanical gardens ought to dispose of trained
horticulturists with vast experience in plant reproduction, who
take into consideration the feasibility of growing plants at
different altitudes and different climates, or an adequate
environment is created.
13th article Create seed banks and germplasm banks for the
genetic care of plants and establish nurseries in each region
with its typical flora, not just for man's utilization for nutrition
or ornamental purposes, but for all plants, as if it were a live
herbarium to be carefully maintained. Encourage the
development of nurseries in general.
14th article Seek to have continuity in the care of plants, in
public as well as in private collections, frequently looked after
by senior citizens.
15th article Many seeds are lost in Nature and we humans
should help to propagate and cultivate them in a controlled
16th article Although the plants themselves try to cure their
wounds and diseases, we humans may intervene e.g. with tree
seals and fumigation. There are experts in this field just as
there are veterinarians for animals to keep plants surrounding
17th article Apply the principles and rules of the UN
Convention to Combat Desertification (CCD) and ban the
uncontrolled exploitation of timber for firewood and over-
grazing by animals.
18th article Use preferably organic fertilizers for growing
plants. Dead plants ought to be used in compost instead of
burning them and dead trees left in place as habitat for other
19th article Plants for scientific use may be cultivated in special
nurseries or botanical gardens. In modern science, especially
genetics, there is an immense quantity of information hidden
in plants, that may be studied for the benefit of the plants
themselves and for other living beings, including ourselves.
20th article We have to learn to share our lives with plants in
general and particularly with trees that provide us with so
many benefits. Historically significant trees should have special
21st article Seek to eliminate the causes that destroy the
ozone layer. The deterioration of the ozone layer is harmful to
DNA, photosynthesis, pollination, germination and growth of
plants. Seek to eliminate the causes of climate change. An
increase in environmental temperature has already been
detected with important climatic changes and implications for
22nd article Empower all movements acting in defence of
plants to voice their views and to vote at government level in
order that the continued devastation of the planet will not be
continued. Furthermore, plants could have the support of an
international organization which devotes itself to the rights of
the plants, applying the principle of "Reverence for life".
Many things in the world has rights, like humans, animals,
plants, … They are treated so badly that some of them die. So,
were created some laws about the rights and the liberty of
Their rights must be respected.