Cellular devices (Kyoungwoo)
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Cellular devices (Kyoungwoo)

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Cellular devices (Kyoungwoo) Cellular devices (Kyoungwoo) Presentation Transcript

  • Cell Phone with Sensor ICS 280 1/10/2005 Kyoungwoo Lee
  • Contents
    • Cellular Phone
      • Architecture
      • BREW
      • Power Consumption
    • Cellular Phone with Sensors
      • Sensor
      • Roles of Cellular Phone
  • Mobile Handset Cellular Phone => Convergent Mobile Device
  • Cellular Phone
    • Key Features of Motorola V710
      • MSM6100 chipset with ARM926EJ-S up to 150 MHz
      • 1.2 Megapixel Camera w/ Zoom
      • MP4 Video Capture & Playback
      • Integrated MP3 Player
      • Bluetooth
      • BREW 2.1
      • MMS (Multimedia Messaging Service)
      • TransFlash Memory Expansion Slot up to 128 MB
    More Powerful Processing Unit and Terminal External Interface (Serial & Camera) / CPU (100s MHz)/ Memory (10s MB) / Display & Keypad / Transceiver/ Battery Sensing Unit/ Processing Unit(1s MHz)/ Memory(10s KB)/ Transceiver/ Power Unit Hardware Specification Observation Mobile Phone Sensor
  • QUALCOMM Chipset Solution
  • BREW
    • Binary Runtime Environment for Wireless
    • End-to-end solution for :
      • Wireless application development
      • Device configuration
      • Application distribution
      • Billing & Payment
    • BREW includes :
      • BREW SDK for application developers
      • BREW client software & porting tools for device manufacturers
      • BDS(BREW Distribution System) for operator
  • BREW Device Architecture
  • Power Consumption
    • Power Measurement
      • Power Consumption
        • 3 hours talking and 165 hours standby with 750 mAh battery
      • Application level power measurement
        • Idle
        • Video Application
        • Talking
      • Define each status
    Talking via phone ACT_Talk 6 Playing Video ACT_VideoPlay 5 Capturing Video ACT_VideoCapture 4 No application but browsing some menus IDLE_Browsing 3 Nothing but Light is ON IDLE_Light 2 Nothing and Light is OFF IDLE_Nothing 1 Description Type #
  • Experimental Results
    • 1: IDLE_Nothing
    • 2: IDLE_Light
    • 3: IDLE_Browsing
    • 4: ACT_VideoCapture
    • 5: ACT_VideoPlay
    • 6: ACT_Talk
    • Output Video File
      • 170~180 KB
      • MP4
      • 15 Seconds
      • ~96kbps
    Energy Overhead on Video Application(50~60%) and Backlight(81%)
  • Contents
    • Cellular Phone
      • Architecture
      • BREW
      • Power Consumption
    • Cellular Phone with Sensors
      • Sensor
      • Roles of Cellular Phone
  • Sensor
    • What it senses
      • Home Monitoring
      • Health Monitoring
      • Environment Monitoring
      • Habitat Monitoring
      • Earthquake Monitoring
      • Battlefield Monitoring
      •  Sensors exist everywhere
      •  Monitoring of physical world & its phenomena
    • Additional Features
      • Data Processing
      • Communication
      • within Low-Power Constraints
  • Cellular Phone
    • Main Function
      • Mobile Phone to connect people
    • Additional Features
      • Message Service
      • Camera and Camcorder
      • Multimedia Playback
      • with powerful computing and infrastructure-based network
      • Battery-operated
    • Roles for Sensors
      • A bunch of sensor nodes
      • A central node or a proxy server for sensor network
      • A terminal to human for sensing data
  • A. Cell Phone as a Sensor
    • To collect, to process, and to distribute data around people
    • Home Care
      • scan environmental data and forward it to care center
      • e.g.) check the gas leakage or poisonous material
    • Health Care
      • sense user’s health status and update/keep it.
      • e.g.) keep the heart rate or blood sugar rate for diabetics
    • Emergency Care
      • catch the emergent situation around people and scan/send data
      • e.g.) send rescue calls and captured data like picture
  • A-2. Health Care
    • People want to check their health simply
    • LG KP8400 : Diabetics Phone
      • Blood Sugar Testing Phone
        • place a strip of testing paper located near battery
        • place a drop of blood on the end of the strip
        • get a reading from the phone
        • upload to an online database for later retrieval
    •  Mobile Handset provides tools to check our health status and to keep or accumulate it
  • A-2. Health Care (cont’)
    • What else for heath care?
      • Very basic but important health care services
      • NONIN Onyx 9500 : Digital Finger Pulse Oximeter
        • Read data over fingertip
        • Real-time information on Heart-Rate and Blood Oxygen Saturation Level
    •  Simple devices for health care can be converged into mobile phones to check the health by user
  • A-3. Emergency Care
    • Cellular phone carries rescue button call for safe
    • Curitel PG-L5000 – SOS Phone
      • Emergency Button Call
        • Call at three saved numbers
        • Take two pictures and send them
        • Inform others of the position using GPS
    •  Mobile Handset senses emergent data
  • B. Cell Phone as a Proxy
    • To use computing power and communication ability of cell phones for sensor network like a Proxy or a central node
    • Offloading technology
      • CPU:1s MHz in Sensor VS 100s MHz in Cell Phone
      • e.g.) sensor captures images and cell phone encodes/encrypts them and transmits them.
    Sensor Network Cellular Network
  • C. Cell Phone as a Terminal
    • A terminal to human for sensing data
      • User can get information from sensor network immediately after requesting
    • An interface to human for information
      • User can collect preferred data through cellular phone
  • C–1. Security
    • Cellular phone scans user’s fingerprint
    • LG LP-3800 with Fingerprint Scanner
      • AuthenTech sensor for fingerprint recognition
      • Locked for unwanted user to use the phone
    •  Mobile Handset recognizes unique data for personal security
  • C-2. Code Interface
    • Colorzip.com : "ColorCode" - a n interface connect ing you to online contents
      • Media provides ColorCode
      • User camera on phone recognizes it
      • Server provides contents to client
      • User enjoys the contents
    •  Mobile Handset provides an interface like camera to read and process data
    1 2 3 4
  • Wrap-up
    • Cellular Network might be a huge-covering and very potential Sensor Network.
    • More Friendly and Closer to Human Being
    • Mobile Handset has an interface for sensing data and functionalities of computing and communication
  • References
    • [BREW2004Conf] http://brew.qualcomm.com/brew/brew_2004/
    • [BREW] http:// brew.qualcomm.com /brew/en/
    • [Healthpia] www.healthpia.com
    • [Diabetic] http://www.mobileburn.com/news.jsp?Id=896&source=SIDEBAR
    • [SOS] http://www.curitel.com/html/product/lineup/feature.asp?serial_no=50
    • [FingerPrint] http://www.3g.co.uk/PR/Sept2004/8318.htm
    • [Nonin] http://www.nonin.com/products/9500.asp
    • [ColorCode] http://www.colorzip.com
    • [Howard] Andrew Howard, Maja J Matari´c, and Gaurav S Sukhatme, “Mobile Sensor Network Deployment using Potential Fields: A Distributed, Scalable Solution to the Area Coverage Problem” the 6th International Symposium on Distributed Autonomous Robotics Systems (DARS02)
    • [AdHoc] http://www.acticom.de/fileadmin/data/publications/WWRF9_White_Slides.pdf
    • [Joseph] Anthony Joseph, B.R. Badrinath, and Randy Katz, "A Case for Services over Cascaded Networks", First ACM/IEEE International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Multimedia (WoWMoM'98), October 30, 1998.
    • [Rutgers] http://www.research.rutgers.edu/~mini/sensornetworks.html
    • [CENS] http://www. cens.ucla.edu
    • [Crossbow] http://www.xbow.com/