Ethno-Gerontology Research pdf.book

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An Analysis of a Prescribed and Monitored Exercise Program for Hispanic Seniors with Depression.

CONCLUSIONS: Among Older Hispanic individuals with depression, exercise therapy is feasible and is associated with significant therapeutic benefit, especially if exercise is done at least three times per week.

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Ethno-Gerontology Research pdf.book

  1. 1. Does "Working Out Work" as a Treatment and Prevention for Depression in Hispanic Older Adults? Does "Working Out Work" as a Treatment and Prevention for Depression in Hispanic Older Adults? Dr. Robelyn A. Garcia Arizona State University April 29, 2008 Dr. Robelyn A. Garcia Arizona State University April 29, 2008 An Analysis of a Prescribed and Monitored Exercise Program for Hispanic Seniors with Depression
  2. 2. I. ABSTRACTI. ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to investigate and access the effectiveness of a prescribed and monitored exercise program for the treatment of depression in Hispanic Older Adults. The Dependent Variable for the study is Depression. The Independent Variable for the study is the Effects of Exercise and the population is older Hispanic adults. Depression is defined by Princeton University Scholars, (Wordnet, 2006) as a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity. The purpose of this study was to investigate and access the effectiveness of a prescribed and monitored exercise program for the treatment of depression in Hispanic Older Adults. The Dependent Variable for the study is Depression. The Independent Variable for the study is the Effects of Exercise and the population is older Hispanic adults. Depression is defined by Princeton University Scholars, (Wordnet, 2006) as a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity.
  3. 3. I. RESEARCH HYPOTHESESI. RESEARCH HYPOTHESES ´ Working Out Worksµ for older adults with depression. By the year 2030, an estimated 70 million people will be older than 65. It will be even more imperative that Health professionals counsel sedentary seniors to become or stay physically active. Exercise has been shown as the most effective treatment for depression in elderly people. All disciplines concur on the myriad of mental health benefits that a regular exercise program can provide. This study will analyze the effect of a monitored exercise program on Hispanic Seniors to show that exercise is an effective treatment for Depression. Based on the literature review, it is hypothesized that a monitored exercise program will have a beneficial effect on depression among older Hispanic seniors. ´ Working Out Worksµ for older adults with depression. By the year 2030, an estimated 70 million people will be older than 65. It will be even more imperative that Health professionals counsel sedentary seniors to become or stay physically active. Exercise has been shown as the most effective treatment for depression in elderly people. All disciplines concur on the myriad of mental health benefits that a regular exercise program can provide. This study will analyze the effect of a monitored exercise program on Hispanic Seniors to show that exercise is an effective treatment for Depression. Based on the literature review, it is hypothesized that a monitored exercise program will have a beneficial effect on depression among older Hispanic seniors.
  4. 4. III. THEORYIII. THEORY The Activity Theory of Aging: The earliest Activity Theory found associations between activity, life satisfaction, health and well-being. This study parallels the psychosocial transformation of the Activity Theory by George Maddox, (Maddox, 1968). Maddox stresses that the maintenance of social roles and activities is crucial for successful aging.
  5. 5. IV. METHODSIV. METHODS A. Sample Demographics TableA. Sample Demographics Table Ethnicity Hispanic 100% 100 Participants Gender Male 35% Female 65% 35 participants 65 Participants Age 50-60 years 61-69 years 62 Participants 38 Participants Marital Status Single 66% Married 34% 66 Participants 34 Participants
  6. 6. IV. METHODSIV. METHODS B.B. Data Collection Plan:Data Collection Plan: 1. The subjects completed the (PAR-Q) Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire prior to participating in the treatment exercise program. 2. The Treatment/Exercise Program: On completion of the baseline assessments, participants completed the following exercise program, three times per week for twelve weeks: a.a. WarmWarm--upup ‡ Flexibility Exercises ‡ Strength Training Exercises ‡ Balance Activities b.b. Exercise PrescriptionExercise Prescription ‡ Cardiovascular Endurance Activity c.c. CoolCool--downdown ‡ Flexibility Exercises
  7. 7. IV. METHODSIV. METHODS C.C. Measurement of VariablesMeasurement of Variables 1. Dependent Variable -- The Dependent Variable forThe Dependent Variable for the study is Depression. Dependent Variable ofthe study is Depression. Dependent Variable of Depression will be measured using THE MERCKDepression will be measured using THE MERCK MANUAL OF GERIATRICS (GDS) GeriatricMANUAL OF GERIATRICS (GDS) Geriatric Depression Scale Questionnaire.Depression Scale Questionnaire. 2. Independent Variable -- The Independent VariableThe Independent Variable for the study is the Effects of Exercise. The populationfor the study is the Effects of Exercise. The population is older Hispanic adults. This is measured byis older Hispanic adults. This is measured by facilitating the GDS before and after the subject·sfacilitating the GDS before and after the subject·s participation in the actual exercise program.participation in the actual exercise program.
  8. 8. IV. METHODSIV. METHODS D.D. Data Analysis PlanData Analysis Plan - Descriptive statistics to analyze the data will be used when appropriate. 1. Frequencies 2. Means 3. Standard deviations
  9. 9. VI. IMPLICATIONS FOR SOCIAL WORKVI. IMPLICATIONS FOR SOCIAL WORK This study has positive implications for Social Work practice, policy and future research. Many social workers counsel clients with depression and this treatment program will definitely have a positive impact on those clients. Future research in social work could also compare and analyze the positive effects of a muscular strength training exercise program vs a cardiorespiratory training exercise program.
  10. 10. VII. CONCLUSIONSVII. CONCLUSIONS A. This research study provides evidence and empirical support for the importance of exercise in reducing depression symptoms in Hispanic Senior adults. B. A regular exercise program (3 times per week) is an effective aid in the treatment of depression in elderly Hispanics. A. This research study provides evidence and empirical support for the importance of exercise in reducing depression symptoms in Hispanic Senior adults. B. A regular exercise program (3 times per week) is an effective aid in the treatment of depression in elderly Hispanics.

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