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A Multidisciplinary Analysis of Research and Performance Synthesis Utilized in Criminal Justice Program and Educational Program Evaluation
A Multidisciplinary Analysis of Research and Performance Synthesis Utilized in Criminal Justice Program and Educational Program Evaluation
A Multidisciplinary Analysis of Research and Performance Synthesis Utilized in Criminal Justice Program and Educational Program Evaluation
A Multidisciplinary Analysis of Research and Performance Synthesis Utilized in Criminal Justice Program and Educational Program Evaluation
A Multidisciplinary Analysis of Research and Performance Synthesis Utilized in Criminal Justice Program and Educational Program Evaluation
A Multidisciplinary Analysis of Research and Performance Synthesis Utilized in Criminal Justice Program and Educational Program Evaluation
A Multidisciplinary Analysis of Research and Performance Synthesis Utilized in Criminal Justice Program and Educational Program Evaluation
A Multidisciplinary Analysis of Research and Performance Synthesis Utilized in Criminal Justice Program and Educational Program Evaluation
A Multidisciplinary Analysis of Research and Performance Synthesis Utilized in Criminal Justice Program and Educational Program Evaluation
A Multidisciplinary Analysis of Research and Performance Synthesis Utilized in Criminal Justice Program and Educational Program Evaluation
A Multidisciplinary Analysis of Research and Performance Synthesis Utilized in Criminal Justice Program and Educational Program Evaluation
A Multidisciplinary Analysis of Research and Performance Synthesis Utilized in Criminal Justice Program and Educational Program Evaluation
A Multidisciplinary Analysis of Research and Performance Synthesis Utilized in Criminal Justice Program and Educational Program Evaluation
A Multidisciplinary Analysis of Research and Performance Synthesis Utilized in Criminal Justice Program and Educational Program Evaluation
A Multidisciplinary Analysis of Research and Performance Synthesis Utilized in Criminal Justice Program and Educational Program Evaluation
A Multidisciplinary Analysis of Research and Performance Synthesis Utilized in Criminal Justice Program and Educational Program Evaluation
A Multidisciplinary Analysis of Research and Performance Synthesis Utilized in Criminal Justice Program and Educational Program Evaluation
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A Multidisciplinary Analysis of Research and Performance Synthesis Utilized in Criminal Justice Program and Educational Program Evaluation

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Review of Literature - When planning an evaluation, there are several steps an evaluator must take. The philosophical roots of a qualitative research analysis lead to a highly subjective outcome …

Review of Literature - When planning an evaluation, there are several steps an evaluator must take. The philosophical roots of a qualitative research analysis lead to a highly subjective outcome reflective of the evaluator’s philosophical underpinnings. The conclusions drawn from qualitative research will only be as strong as the quality of the evaluation of the researcher.

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  • 1. 1 A Multidisciplinary Analysis of Research and Performance Synthesis Utilized in Criminal Justice Program and Educational Program Evaluation Dr. Robelyn A. Garcia Criminal Justice Planning and Program Evaluation Arizona State University A. An Institutional Review Board (IRB) is not necessarily required for a Program Evaluation. Moreover, there are many Research Situations where it would be Appropriate to convene an IRB prior to conducting a Program Evaluation. An Institutional Review Board (IRB) also known as an independent ethics committee (IEC) or ethical review board (ERB) is a committee that approves, monitors, and reviews biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects (Posavac, 2011). All human subjects research and program evaluation that involves human subject research requires an Institutional Review Board to convene prior to conducting the evaluation. Even program evaluations that involve partial human subjects research, must be reviewed and approved by the Institutional Review Board, regardless of sponsorship. If a researcher were going to evaluate the Arizona State University Employee Wellness Program, this would be considered research involving human subjects; therefore it would be appropriate to convene an IRB prior to conducting the program evaluation. I have had to complete several Institutional Review Board human subjects research applications for exempt research; I have completed two at Arizona State University so far in my academic career. One of my research studies evaluated the effects of an exercise program as improving or eliminating depression in Hispanic senior human subjects. My second applied analysis evaluated a prescribed and monitored exercise program administered via the Internet for senior adults with depression.
  • 2. 2 Both of the aforementioned studies involved human subject research, therefore I needed an IRB. I have included the Institutional Review Board human subjects research applications for exempt research in the Appendix for the reader’s review. B. When Planning an Evaluation, there is a Multitude of Steps an Evaluator must take. One Final Step in the Preparation Planning Process is to Present a Written Proposal. Preparing and presenting a written proposal is an extremely important skill for a researcher and evaluator. Much of the success of the evaluation will be determined by how well you write and present a proposal. You must convince others in writing that the evaluation research that you plan to complete is worth completing and that you as a researcher have the ability to accomplish the evaluation. The written proposal should describe the specific goals, objectives and purpose of the evaluation. The proposal should also describe the evaluation design, support for the chosen design, methodology, hypotheses and proposed analyses. It is of import to also present a detailed work plan and evaluation budget in writing so you will be able to reference this if needed in the future. Preparing this written proposal completes the preparation phase of the program evaluation (Posavac, 2011). The written proposal is important in developing a concrete strategy for identifying evaluation goals, meeting these goals and verifying that the proposed evaluation actually matches the finished evaluation. Written proposals also give evaluators a better focus on the program they intend to evaluate. Proposals and presentations of the proposal help to organize the research and serve as a preview of the research and direction of the evaluation. In addition, the written proposal will provide an important reference for the finished evaluation.
  • 3. 3 C. After Evaluators and Stakeholders have agreed on Criteria that Would Indicate Successful Implementation and Outcome, Researchers Face the Task of Developing Valid and Reliable Methods to Measure those Criteria. Reliability and validity are both very important concepts when performing an evaluation. Different sources and different methods need to be recognized and utilized to strengthen the reliability and validity of the findings of evaluation research (Posavac & Carey, 2010). Reliability refers to the consistent stability of measurement scores from the evaluation, whereas validity refers to the accuracy of the interpretations of the measurement scores. It is possible to improve the reliability and validity of measures in a study, however the evaluator will not be able to improve the validity of the research without sufficient reliability (Posavac & Carey, 2010). Both of these different concepts are important and many times thought to be synonymous. Moreover, it is important to note that there can be reliability in a study without validity, but to obtain validity in a study you must have reliability. Therefore, reliability must be one of the first characteristics to look for when selecting a measurement. Reliability is easier to determine, since you are only concerned with the consistency of the measurement. Finding a valid and reliable instrument is of utmost concern when planning an evaluation. Posavac and Carey state that the easiest way to minimize threats to validity is to use an experiment based on observations of randomly assigned study groups and control groups (2010).
  • 4. 4 D. Utilizing Closed-ended and Open-ended Questions when Conducting a Qualitative Interview for Research Analysis and Program Evaluation. The philosophical roots of a qualitative interview lead to a highly subjective outcome reflective of the evaluator’s philosophical underpinnings. The conclusions drawn from qualitative interview open-ended and closed-ended questions will only be as strong as the quality of the evaluation of the researcher. Qualitative interviews are deductive in nature and this requires a large amount of subjective analysis and a large amount of labor by the evaluator. The observation and data interpretation of this large amount of data may not necessarily be utilized to make assumptions beyond the specific group of research participants (Posavac, 2011). In qualitative interviews, open-ended questions require a thought out response that individuals give spontaneously. These types of questions are broad and often require more than a one or two word response. Open-ended questions provide the evaluator with direct quotes to be used as raw data. These direct quotes reveal the participants emotions in the way in which they have organized their thoughts about their experiences and perceptions of the world around them (Patton, 1990). Answering close-ended questions requires different types of mental processing than answering open-ended questions. Participants need to think systematically to accurately express their thoughts using closeended questions. A close-ended question is answered finitely and can be a yes or no question, a one-word fact response question, or a multiple choice question. When used in a qualitative interview these types of questions are more restrictive for the participant because there are suggested responses from which the participant must select.
  • 5. 5 E. Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs in Research and Program Evaluation with a Focus on the Assignment of Participants to Experimentation Groups. Even after carefully designing quasi-experimental evaluations, concerns still linger that effects other than the program direct effects that were evaluated could have caused changes in participants or even masked the true program effect (Posavac & Carey, 2010). In order to minimize these unintended effects the evaluator must try to anticipate and/or prevent threats to validity. As long as the disadvantages of quasi-experimental design are recognized, this type of evaluation can be a powerful research tool. Quasiexperimental evaluations are especially effective in situations where experimental evaluations are not possible. Experimental research design in evaluation is a method of research used to search for a specific program effect observed under strictly controlled conditions. Participants are randomly assigned in the evaluation to either the experimental group or the control group. Quasi-experimental design differs from experimental design significantly when selecting groups for program evaluation. The quasi- experiment involves testing a variable by selecting groups without any random pre-selection process. This type of design has a control group, however the external variables that affect the implementation of the experiment cannot be fully controlled. Posavac and Carey stress the importance of working with all groups affected and evaluated by the program (Posavac & Carey, 2010). ‘True’ experimental designs and quasi-experimental designs are both useful and effective measurement tools in program evaluation.
  • 6. 6 F. The Strengths of utilizing a Balanced Scorecard Approach Lie Within the Four Perspectives of the Balanced Scorecard. A Multi-Indicator Analysis Provided by the Four Perspectives Reaches Beyond Data from Financial Measures. A Balanced Scorecard approach is used as a strategy in evaluation research that includes evaluating more than just the finances of an organization. Posavac and Carey stress the importance of using a Balanced Scorecard approach in any and all disciplines because it gives the evaluation a perspective from all areas and more indicators than just the bottom line (2010). The Balance Scorecard is a modern approach to performance evaluation methodology utilizing a systemic measurement model. Stakeholders, clients, customers and staff must be part of an evaluation to ensure that their unique perspectives are addressed and understood (Posavac, 2011). A Balanced Scorecard’s four perspectives addresses each of these organization’s viewpoints and develops metrics, collects data and analyzes data in relation to each of these perspectives. An evaluation can use the Balance Scorecard approach and adjust the perspectives to the needs of each organization. The four baseline perspectives used in a Balance Scorecard are the financial perspective, the customer perspective, the organization and business process perspective, and the innovation learning and growth perspective. The financial perspective represents how the firm looks to the shareholder; the customer perspective represents how the customers and clients view the organization; the internal organization and business process perspective represents how well the organization manages it’s operational processes; the innovation learning and growth perspective represents if the organization can continue to improve and create value. Developing multiple indicators from the four perspectives for the evaluation is the strength of a using a Balance Scorecard approach (Posavac & Carey, 2010).
  • 7. 7 Appendices Appendix A Arizona State University Research Compliance Office P.O. Box 871103 Tempe, AZ 85287-1103 Phone: 480-965-6788 Fax: (480) 965-7772 For Office Use Only: Date Received: ___________ HS Number: ____________ ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY APPLICATION FOR EXEMPT RESEARCH PROTOCOL TITLE: An Analysis of a Prescribed and Monitored Exercise Program for Hispanic Seniors with Depression PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: DEPARTMENT/CENTER: Dr. Robelyn Garcia 4455 E. Paradise Village Pkwy Townhouse Paradise Valley, AZ 85032 CAMPUS ADDRESS: Department of Human Services, Aging and Lifespan Development Department of Student Recreation Department of Student Health PHONE: Mail Code: 0180, 4230 DATE OF REQUEST: 3/23/2008 UNIVERSITY AFFILIATION: Professor Associate Professor X Visiting Professor Instructor X Post Doc Fellow X Graduate Student X Staff 480-221-0597 E-MAIL: DrRGarcia@asu.edu CO-INVESTIGATOR: DEPARTMENT/CENTER: CAMPUS ADDRESS: (include campus mail code) PHONE: EMAIL: UNIVERSITY AFFILIATION: Professor Associate Professor Assistant Professor Instructor Other: Please specify.      
  • 8. 8 STUDY OVERVIEW 1. Provide a brief description of the background, purpose, and design of your research. Avoid using technical terms and jargon. Be sure to list all of the means you will use to collect data (e.g. tests, surveys, interviews, observations, existing data). Provide a short description of the tests, instruments, or measures and attach copies of all instruments and cover letters for review: The current research project investigates the effectiveness of a prescribed and monitored exercise program for the treatment of depression in Hispanic Older Adults. The Dependent Variable for the study is Depression. The Independent Variable for the study is the Effects of Exercise and the population is older Hispanic adults. This study will analyze the effect of a monitored exercise program on Hispanic Seniors to show that exercise is an effective treatment for Depression. The design of the research is a systematic review and analysis of controlled trials. Many studies have been conducted showing that exercise is an effective treatment for depression in adults. However, there is limited research using Hispanic seniors as the population. This study is devoted to the goal of providing empirical support for the notion that an exercise program is a feasible and effective treatment for depression in older Hispanic adults. The following instruments (attached in Appendices) will be used for the study: 1) ASU IRB Consent Form for Minimal Risk, 2) Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR Q) which includes Personal Information and Waiver Liability Section, 3) The Merck Manual of Geriatrics Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), and 4) The Merck Manual Geriatric Depression Scoring Table. Study participants will join a study involving research of the effects of a monitored exercise program on Hispanic Seniors to show that exercise is an effective treatment for Depression. All participants will complete a IRB ASU Consent Form, Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire and Geriatric Depression Scale Questionnaire. All subjects will then be monitored in a prescribed exercise program to help them decrease and/or eliminate the magnitude of their depression symptoms. At the end of the study, participants will then repeat the Geriatric Depression Scale Questionnaire to determine if the are less depressed. RECRUITMENT 2. Describe how you will recruit participants (attach a copy of recruitment materials). Participants will be recruited through the ASU Lifelong Learning Institute by offering free of charge exercise testing, exercise prescription, and exercise monitoring program. Senior participants will also be recruited from local agencies which serve depressed patients. PROJECT FUNDING 3. How is the research project funded? (A copy of the grant application(s) must be provided prior to IRB approval) (Go to question 4)__Funding decision is pending X Research is funded a) What is the source of funding or potential funding? (Check all that apply) ____ Federal _____ Private Foundation _____ Department Funds X $25 Hourly Subcontract X $55,000 Fellowship _____ Other _________ b) Please list the name(s) of the sponsor(s):
  • 9. 9 c) What is the Project grant number and title (for example NIH grant number)? d) What is the ASU account number/project number? 1000860 e) Identify the institution(s) administering the grant(s): STUDY POPULATION- If you are doing data analysis only, please write DA. 4.Indicate the total number of participants Indicate the age range of the participants that you plan to include or enroll in your that you plan to enroll in your study 30 study. 50 to 69 SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIALS 5. Attach a copy of the following items as applicable to your study (Please check the ones that are attached): __Research Methods (Research design, Data Source, Sampling strategy, etc ) X Any Letters (cover letters or information letters), Recruitment Materials, Questionnaires, etc. which will be distributed to participants __If the research is conducted off-site, provide a permission letter where applicable __If the research is part of a proposal submitted for external funding, submit a copy of the FULL proposal Note: The information should be in sufficient detail so IRB can determine if the study can be classified as EXEMPT under Federal Regulations 45CFR46.101(b). DATA USE 6. How will the data be used? (Check all that apply) Dissertation X Publication/journal article Thesis Undergraduate honors project X Results released to participants/parents Results released to employer or school Results released to agency or organization Conferences/presentations X Other: Post Doc Graduate Class Project, SWG/GRN 598 Research in Aging- Ethno-Gerontology EXEMPT STATUS 7. Identify which of the 6 federal exemption categories below applies to your research proposal and explain why the proposed research meets the category. Federal law 45 CFR 46.101(b) identifies the following EXEMPT categories. Check all that apply to your research and provide comments as to how your research falls into the category. 1. SPECIAL NOTE: The exemptions at 45 CFR 46.101(b) do not apply to research involving prisoners. The exemption at 45 CFR 46.101(b)(2), for research involving survey or interview procedures or observation of public behavior, does not apply to research with children, except for research involving observations of public behavior when the investigator(s) do not participate in the activities being observed. 2. na
  • 10. 10 3. X (7.1) Research conducted in established or commonly accepted educational settings, involving normal educational practices, such as (i) research on regular and special education instructional strategies, or (ii) research on the effectiveness of or the comparison among instructional techniques, curricula, or classroom management methods. 4. na 5. Study will analyze the effectiveness of teaching depressed Hispanic Seniors to use exercise as a tool to help reduce and / or eliminate depression symptoms. 6. 7. ____(7.2) Research involving the use of educational tests (cognitive, diagnostic, aptitude, achievement), survey procedures, interview procedures or observation of public behavior, unless: (i) Information obtained is recorded in such a manner that human subjects can be identified, directly or through identifiers linked to the subjects; AND (ii) any disclosure of the human subjects' responses outside the research could reasonably place the subjects at risk of criminal or civil liability or be damaging to the subjects' financial standing, employability, or reputation. 8. ____(7.3) Research involving the use of educational tests (cognitive, diagnostic, aptitude, achievement), survey procedures, interview procedures, or observation of public behavior that is not exempt under paragraph (b)(2) of this section, if: 9. (i) The human subjects are elected or appointed public officials or candidates for public office; or (ii) federal statute(s) require(s) without exception that the confidentiality of the personally identifiable information will be maintained throughout the research and thereafter. 10. Please provide an explanation as to how your research falls into this category: 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. ____7.4) Research, involving the collection or study of existing data, documents, records, pathological specimens, or diagnostic specimens, if these sources are publicly available or if the information is recorded by the investigator in such a manner that subjects cannot be identified, directly or through identifiers linked to the subjects. Note-Please review the OHRP Guidance on Research Involving Coded Private Information or Biological Specimens: http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/humansubjects/guidance/cdebiol.pdf X (7.5) Research and demonstration projects which are conducted by or subject to the approval of department or agency heads, and which are designed to study, evaluate, or otherwise examine: (i) Public benefit or service programs; (ii) procedures for obtaining benefits or services under those programs; (iii) possible changes in or alternatives to those programs or procedures; or (iv) possible changes in methods or levels of payment for benefits or services under those programs. (Generally does not apply to the university setting) 16. continued Study will analyze the effectiveness of teaching depressed Hispanic Seniors to use exercise as a tool to help reduce and / or eliminate depression symptoms. This procedure will be beneficial to all mental health agencies servicing adults with Depression.
  • 11. 11 17. 18. ____(7.6) Taste and food quality evaluation and consumer acceptance studies, (i) if wholesome foods without additives are consumed or (ii) if a food is consumed that contains a food ingredient at or below the level and for a use found to be safe, or agricultural chemical or environmental contaminant at or below the level found to be safe, by the Food and Drug Administration or approved by the Environmental Protection Agency or the Food Safety and Inspection Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Please provide an explanation as to how your research falls into this category: PPRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR In making this application, I certify that I have read and understand the ASU Procedures for the Review of Human Subjects Research and that I intend to comply with the letter and spirit of the University Policy. I may begin research when the Institutional Review Board gives notice of its approval. I must inform the IRB of ANY changes in method or procedure that may conceivably alter the exempt status of the project. I also agree and understand that records of the participants will be kept for at least three (3) years after the completion of the research Name (first, middle initial, last): Dr Robelyn A. Garcia       Signature: X Date: FOR OFFICE USE: This application has been reviewed by the Arizona State University IRB: Exempt Category/Categories: __________ Approved Deferred to other review Recommended that investigator submit for expedited or Full Board review. Authorizing Signature: X Date:
  • 12. 12 Appendix B Human Subjects Research Arizona State University Research Compliance Office P.O. Box 871103 Tempe, AZ 85287-1103 Phone: 480-965-6788 Fax: (480) 965-7772 For Office Use Only: Date Received: ___________ HS Number: ____________ ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY APPLICATION FOR EXEMPT RESEARCH PROTOCOL TITLE: An Analysis of a Prescribed and Monitored Exercise Program administered via the Internet for Seniors with Depression PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: DEPARTMENT/CENTER: Dr. Robelyn Garcia 4455 E. Paradise Village Pkwy Townhouse Paradise Valley, AZ 85032 Department of Human Services, Aging and Lifespan Development Department of Student Recreation Department of Student Health PHONE: CAMPUS ADDRESS: Mail Code: 0000, 4240 DATE OF REQUEST: 8/01/2010 UNIVERSITY AFFILIATION: Professor Associate Professor X Adjunct Professor Instructor X Post Doc Fellow X Graduate Student X Staff 480-323-8147 E-MAIL: DrRGarcia@asu.edu CO-INVESTIGATOR: DEPARTMENT/CENTER: CAMPUS ADDRESS: (include campus mail code) PHONE: EMAIL: STUDY OVERVIEW UNIVERSITY AFFILIATION: Professor Associate Professor Assistant Professor Instructor Other: Please specify.      
  • 13. 13 1. Provide a brief description of the background, purpose, and design of your research. Avoid using technical terms and jargon. Be sure to list all of the means you will use to collect data (e.g. tests, surveys, interviews, observations, existing data). Provide a short description of the tests, instruments, or measures and attach copies of all instruments and cover letters for review: The current research project investigates the effectiveness of a prescribed and monitored exercise program, administered via the Internet, for the treatment of depression in Older Adults. The Dependent Variable for the study is Depression. The Independent Variable for the study is the Effects of Exercise and the population is older adults. This study will analyze the effect of a monitored exercise program on Seniors to show that exercise is an effective treatment for Depression. The design of the research is a systematic review and analysis of controlled trials. Many studies have been conducted showing that exercise is an effective treatment for depression in adults. However, there is limited research using the internet as the modality. This study is devoted to the goal of providing empirical support for the notion that an exercise program, administered via the Internet, is a feasible and effective treatment for depression in Senior adults. The following instruments (attached in Appendices) will be used for the study: 1) ASU IRB Consent Form for Minimal Risk, 2) Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR Q) which includes Personal Information and Waiver Liability Section, 3) The Merck Manual of Geriatrics Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), and 4) The Merck Manual Geriatric Depression Scoring Table. Study participants will join a study involving research of the effects of a monitored online exercise program on Seniors to show that exercise is an effective treatment for Depression. All participants will complete a IRB ASU Consent Form, Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire and Geriatric Depression Scale Questionnaire. All subjects will then be monitored in a prescribed exercise program to help them decrease and/or eliminate the magnitude of their depression symptoms. At the end of the study, participants will then repeat the Geriatric Depression Scale Questionnaire to determine if the are less depressed. RECRUITMENT 2. Describe how you will recruit participants (attach a copy of recruitment materials). Participants will be recruited through Senior University by offering free of charge Geriatric Depression testing, exercise prescription, and exercise monitoring program. Senior participants will also be recruited from local agencies (Minderful Center, DUET) which serve depressed elder patients. PROJECT FUNDING 3. How is the research project funded? (A copy of the grant application(s) must be provided prior to IRB approval) X Research is not funded (Go to question 4 )__Funding decision is pending X Research is private funded a) What is the source of funding or potential funding? (Check all that apply) ____ Federal _____ Private Foundation X Department Funds _____ Subcontract _____ Fellowship X Other $15,000 b) Please list the name(s) of the sponsor(s): c) What is the Project grant number and title (for example NIH grant number)? d) What is the ASU account number/project number? e) Identify the institution(s) administering the grant(s):
  • 14. 14 STUDY POPULATION- If you are doing data analysis only, please write DA. 4.Indicate the total number of Indicate the age range of the participants that you plan to include participants that you plan to enroll in 30 or enroll in your study. your study 50 to 80 SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIALS 5. Attach a copy of the following items as applicable to your study (Please check the ones that are attached): II __Research Methods (Research design, Data Source, Sampling strategy, etc ) X Any Letters (cover letters or information letters), Recruitment Materials, Questionnaires, etc. which will be distributed to participants __If the research is conducted off-site, provide a permission letter where applicable __If the research is part of a proposal submitted for external funding, submit a copy of the FULL proposal Note: The information should be in sufficient detail so IRB can determine if the study can be classified as EXEMPT under Federal Regulations 45CFR46.101(b). DATA USE 6. How will the data be used? (Check all that apply) Dissertation X Publication/journal article Thesis Undergraduate honors project X Results released to participants/parents Results released to employer or school Results released to agency or organization Conferences/presentations X Other: Graduate Applied Project, ALD 593 Research EXEMPT STATUS 7. Identify which of the 6 federal exemption categories below applies to your research proposal;explain why the proposed research meets the category. Federal law 45 CFR 46.101(b) identifies the following EXEMPT categories. Check all that apply to your research and provide comments as to how your research falls into the category. 1. SPECIAL NOTE: The exemptions at 45 CFR 46.101(b) do not apply to research involving prisoners. The exemption at 45 CFR 46.101(b)(2), for research involving survey or interview procedures or observation of public behavior, does not apply to research with children, except for research involving observations of public behavior when the investigator(s) do not participate in the activities being observed. 2. 3. X (7.1) Research conducted in established or commonly accepted educational settings, involving normal educational practices, such as (i) research on regular and special education instructional strategies, or (ii) research on the effectiveness of or the comparison among instructional techniques, curricula, or classroom management methods. 4. 5. Study will analyze the effectiveness of teaching depressed Hispanic Seniors to use exercise as a tool to help reduce and / or eliminate depression symptoms. 6. 7. ____(7.2) Research involving the use of educational tests (cognitive, diagnostic, aptitude, achievement), survey procedures, interview procedures or observation of public behavior,
  • 15. 15 unless: (i) Information obtained is recorded in such a manner that human subjects can be identified, directly or through identifiers linked to the subjects; AND (ii) any disclosure of the human subjects' responses outside the research could reasonably place the subjects at risk of criminal or civil liability or be damaging to the subjects' financial standing, employability, or reputation. 8. ____(7.3) Research involving the use of educational tests (cognitive, diagnostic, aptitude, achievement), survey procedures, interview procedures, or observation of public behavior that is not exempt under paragraph (b)(2) of this section, if: 9. (i) The human subjects are elected or appointed public officials or candidates for public office; or (ii) federal statute(s) require(s) without exception that the confidentiality of the personally identifiable information will be maintained throughout the research and thereafter. 10. Please provide an explanation as to how your research falls into this category: 11. ____7.4) Research, involving the collection or study of existing data, documents, records, pathological specimens, or diagnostic specimens, if these sources are publicly available or if the information is recorded by the investigator in such a manner that subjects cannot be identified, directly or through identifiers linked to the subjects. 12. Note-Please review the OHRP Guidance on Research Involving Coded Private Information or Biological Specimens: 13. http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/humansubjects/guidance/cdebiol.pdf X (7.5) Research and demonstration projects which are conducted by or subject to the approval of department or agency heads, and which are designed to study, evaluate, or otherwise examine: (i) Public benefit or service programs; (ii) procedures for obtaining benefits or services under those programs; (iii) possible changes in or alternatives to those programs or procedures; or (iv) possible changes in methods or levels of payment for benefits or services under those programs. (Generally does not apply to the university setting) 14. Study will analyze the effectiveness of teaching depressed Seniors to use exercise as a tool to help reduce and / or eliminate depression symptoms. This procedure will be beneficial to all mental health agencies servicing adults with Depression. 15. ____(7.6) Taste and food quality evaluation and consumer acceptance studies, (i) if wholesome foods without additives are consumed or (ii) if a food is consumed that contains a food ingredient at or below the level and for a use found to be safe, or agricultural chemical or environmental contaminant at or below the level found to be safe, by the Food and Drug Administration or approved by the Environmental Protection Agency or the Food Safety and Inspection Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Please provide an explanation as to how your research falls into this category: 16. PPRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR In making this application, I certify that I have read and understand the ASU Procedures for the Review of Human Subjects Research and that I intend to comply with the letter and spirit of the University Policy. I may begin research when the Institutional Review Board gives notice of its approval. I must inform the IRB of ANY changes in method or procedure that may conceivably alter the exempt status of the project. I also agree and understand that records of the participants will be kept for at least three (3) years after the completion of the research Name (first, middle initial, last):
  • 16. 16 Robelyn A. Garcia       Signature: X Date: FOR OFFICE USE: This application has been reviewed by the Arizona State University IRB: Exempt Category/Categories: __________ Approved Deferred to other review Recommended that investigator submit for expedited or Full Board review. Authorizing Signature: X Date: References Alkin, M. (1986). A Guide for Evaluation Decision Makers. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. Charrier, K. (2004). Strategic Management in Policing: The Role of the Strategic Manager. The Police Chief, vol. 71, no. 6, June 2004. Alexandria, VA. International Association of Chiefs of Police. Retrieved February 16, 2014 at http://www.policechiefmagazine.org/magazine/index.cfm?fuseaction=display_arc h&article_id=324&issue_id=62004 Corbin, J. & Strauss, A. (2008). Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory (3rd ed). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Garcia, R. (2010). An Analysis of a Prescribed and Monitored Exercise Program for Hispanic Seniors with Depression. Arizona State University Ethno-Gerontology Research Core in cooperation with Scottsdale Community College. Garcia, R. (2011). An Analysis of a Prescribed and Monitored Exercise Program administered via the Internet for Seniors with Depression. Arizona State
  • 17. 17 University Applied Project: Department of Aging and Lifespan Development in cooperation with Senior University. Kotter, J. (1995). "Why Transformation Efforts Fail," Harvard Business Review (March-April 1995): 59-67. McCleland, B. (2014). Lecture: PowerPoint Lecture Week #2: [PowerPoint file]. CRJ 510: Retrieved January 20, 2014 from http://ecollege.asu.edu/re/DotNextLaunch.asp?courseid=9096581 McCleland, B. (2014). CRJ Planning and Program Evaluation Week #7. Arizona State University Criminology and Criminal Justice. Retrieved February 20, 2014 from http://ecollege.asu.edu/re/DotNextLaunch.asp?courseid=9096581 Office of Program Policy Analysis and Government Accountability (2004). “Project HOPE Helped Break the Cycle of Prostitution and Solicitation, But Had Implementation Problems”. Report No. 04-50: Office of the Florida Legislature. Patton, M. Q. (1990). Qualitative evaluation and research methods (2nd ed.). Newbury Park, CA: Sage. Posavac, E. (2011). Program evaluation: Methods and Case Studies. (8th ed.). Boston, MA: Prentice Hall. Posavac, E. & Carey, R. (2010). Program Evaluation: Methods and Case Studies. (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. (US). Scott, R.L. (2000). Evaluation of a Mobile Crisis Program: Effectiveness, Efficiency, and Consumer Satisfaction. Psychiatric Services: September 2000. Vol 51. No.9. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, (n.d.). Health Information Privacy. Retrieved January 18, 2014 from http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy

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