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  • When it comes to bullying, if our kids are involved we, parents should take serious actions to this. We should not let our kids suffer from this situation. Bullying is provoking and it can cause irritation to our kids. In this scenario they are prone in unusual arguments and end up with trouble. As a parent, the best thing I know to avoid this kind of situation is to provide our kids with secure and reliable service of protection. When I knew about “SafeKidZone” I automatically registered my son for they would provide a cell phone-based personal security with the panic button that can ask immediate help once press. For emergency services check out http://safekidzone.com/
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  1. 1. Bullying<br />
  2. 2. Definition<br />"Bullying is the willful, conscious desire to hurt another and put him/her under stress" Tattum and Tattum (1992)<br />“Repeated oppression, psychological or physical, of a less powerful person by a more powerful person". David Farrington (1993)<br />
  3. 3. Components<br />Desire to hurt <br />Hurtful action <br />A power imbalance <br />Repetition (typically) <br />Unjust use of power <br />Evident enjoyment by the aggressor <br />A sense of being oppressed on the part of the victim <br />
  4. 4. Truths and Myths About Bullying…<br />It’s just a phase. They’ll grow out of it. After all, kids will be kids.<br />… adult bullying has come to be recognized as an epidemic of violence in our society…50% of the adult population has experienced this form of violence at work, at home, or in society (Cooper 2003)<br />Bullying does not cause any long term damage…<br />Sixty percent of male (physical) bullies will be arrested by age 24 (National Mental Health Association)<br />
  5. 5. Truths and Myths About Bullying…<br />Only boys are bullies.<br />Bullies are both boys and girls.  Boys bully more often and more physically than girls. Girls are more likely to use rejection and slander; ostracizing their targets.<br />Bullying Affects Only the Bully and Victim…<br />Some People Are Born Victims Who Will Always Be Picked On…a Victim Is Never a Bully.<br />
  6. 6. Truths and Myths About Bullying…<br />Bullying Is a Normal Part of Growing up; It’s the Same As It Has Always Been…<br />School Violence Fatalities in 5 Year Increments (US)<br />
  7. 7. Traits of Bullies<br />Dominates others.<br />Uses others to get what they want.<br />Unwilling to negotiate.<br />Has difficulty seeing a situation from another persons standpoint.<br />Concerned only with theirown wants and pleasure.<br />Unwilling to accept other peoples ideas.<br />
  8. 8. Traits of Bullies<br />Usually will hurt others when adults are not around.<br />Targets only those who are weaker in some way.<br />Does not accept responsibility for their actions.<br />Lacks the foresight to consider the consequences of their actions.<br />Blame, criticism and false allegations are used to project their own inadequacies onto their target.<br />
  9. 9. Expectations<br /> 1. You are here to learn, I expect you to act like it. <br /> 2. I expect you to treat others as you would like to be treated.<br /> 3. I expect you to not interrupt anyone.<br /> 4. There are appropriate times to ask questions or to get things around the room, I expect you to know when those times are and act appropriately. <br /> 5. I expect you to not bully, intimidate, or disrespect anyone in this classroom. <br /> 6. I expect you to bring the appropriate materials to every class. <br /> 7. I expect you to follow the rules, and take care of your responsibilities in this class. <br /> 8. I expect you to be in control of your choices in this classroom. <br />
  10. 10. When a Bully is Caught…<br />Denies.<br />Trivializes (his role in the event).<br />Counters-attacks the other party.<br />Claims to be the victim.<br />Plays role reversal.<br />Counts on support of bystanders and friends.<br />
  11. 11. Teasing Vs. Taunting<br />Teasing<br />1.Role reversal occurs naturally.<br />2. Not intended to hurt<br />3. Lighthearted, clever, benign<br />4. Humor for both parties to enjoy.<br />5. Just one part of many mutually enjoyed activities or connections.<br />6. Discontinued if objections to teasing<br />7. Innocent in motive<br />Taunting<br />1. One sided – power imbalance<br />2. Intended to harm<br />3. Humiliating, cruel, demeaning, bigoted<br />4. Humor at target, not with target.<br />5. Fear of further taunting, or prelude to physical bullying.<br />6. Increases with objections or distress<br />7. Sinister in motive<br />
  12. 12. Flirting Vs. Sexual Bullying<br />Flirting<br />Invites role reversal<br />Not hurtful – expression of desire <br />Intended to be flattering and complimentary<br />Invites sexual attention<br />Intended to make other feel wanted, attractive, and in control.<br />Discontinued if the other person becomes upset, objects or is not interested.<br />Sexual Bullying<br />Based on power imbalance – one sided.<br />Intended to harm, exploit degrade, demean.<br />Invasive – intended to assert status of bully.<br />Intended to violate boundaries of victim.<br />Intended to make other feel rejected, ugly, powerless, and uncomfortable.<br />Increases when other person becomes distressed or objects.<br />
  13. 13. Victims<br />Bullies frequently target kids that are different in some way…<br />Appearance differences: Body size, clothing, skin color, hair, etc.<br />Cultural or racial<br />Socio-Economic<br />Special Education<br />Disabilities<br />Homosexuality (or being perceived as)<br />
  14. 14. Psychosocial Effects<br />Fear, anxiety, low self-esteem, depression, insecurity, humiliation, isolation.<br />School and social interaction avoidance.<br />Social, academic, emotional development impaired; adjustments made with difficulty. <br />
  15. 15. Warning Signs of Being Bullied<br />Increase in fighting <br />Avoidance of lunch or recess areas <br />Suspicious bruises or scratches <br />Attendance problems <br />Suicide attempts <br />Illogical route when walking home.<br /><ul><li>Mood swings, withdrawal
  16. 16. Ongoing or sudden illness
  17. 17. Inability to concentrate
  18. 18. Loss of interest in school
  19. 19. Argumentativeness
  20. 20. Change in social groups, few friends</li></li></ul><li>Type of Bystanders<br />Active Supporter: Enjoys bullying and supports the bully.<br />Passive Supporter: Enjoys bullying but takes no action.<br />Disengaged Onlooker: Typically feels that bullying is “none of my business”.<br />Possible Defender: Dislikes bullying and wants to help the victim.<br />Defenders: Dislike bullying and tries to help the victim.<br />
  21. 21. Effect of Numbers<br />The greater the number of bystanders, the more humiliating and degrading the event is for the victim.<br />As numbers of bystanders increase, level of individual responsibility decreases. <br />Diffusion of Responsibility<br />Bystander Effect or “Genovese Syndrome”<br /><ul><li>Perception of incident will vary between the bully, victim and bystanders; the number of bystanders will alter perception.</li></li></ul><li>Effect of Bystanders on the Bully<br />Encourages their behavior to continue<br />Makes it difficult for them to stop – even if they decide they want to.<br />Decreases feelings of responsibility<br />If bystander acts in victims behalf, could stop incident.<br />
  22. 22. Effect of Bystanders on the Victim<br />Amplifies the affects of the situation; increases…<br />Humiliation<br />Social effects (feelings of isolation etc.)<br />One or more bystanders acting in behalf of victim substantially lessens the effects of the incident on the victim.<br />
  23. 23. The Effect on Bystanders<br />Desensitizes observers.<br />Reduction in empathy and compassion.<br />Decreases view of moral responsibilities to others (further societal impacts).<br />Reduction of self respect and confidence.<br />Fear of being next victim; particularly if the group allows or condones the behavior.<br />Cruelty is distressing but also riveting. <br />
  24. 24. Results…<br />Observers are more likely to imitate or support the bully if he is seen as strong, daring, or popular.<br />Usually there are not apparent consequences for the bullies actions.<br />Behavior is often reinforced by approval, laughter, applause, or an elevated social standing.<br />Apparent high level of rewards can break down intrinsic aversion to such anti-social behavior.<br />
  25. 25. avoidance<br />Successful group interactions.<br />Friends<br />Teaching bullies not to bully.<br />Remove social rewards for bullies.<br />Intercede on the behalf of victims.<br />
  26. 26. Mr. Jordan<br />We will be doing group work throughout the year.<br />I will tolerate no bullying or apparent bullying of anyone in this class.<br />We will be reviewing bullying throughout the year.<br />I will believe you and work with you to solve any bullying problems in my room or in the school. <br />