Characteristics and Major Groups for Fungi

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Characteristics and Major Groups for Fungi

  1. 1. MAJOR GROUPS
  2. 2. FOUR MAJOR GROUPSConjugating fungiSac fungiClub fungiImperfect fungi
  3. 3. CONJUGATING FUNGI Have a multi-cellular form Feed on organic matter and can be parasitic Contains about 600 species of which most are land based.
  4. 4. SAC FUNGI They produce a spore-filled structure that is called an ascus. The spores are what the fungi use to reproduce When the sac is disturbed, the spores are released leaving a chancefor the spores to grow and create its own spores.
  5. 5. CLUB FUNGI They are made by the fungi producing spores on top of a clubstructure called a basidia. It is closely related to sac fungi and includes mushrooms,toadstools, etc. Some form a symbiotic relationship with plants and they worktogether to thrive.
  6. 6. IMPERFECT FUNGI Are fungi that are believed to have lost there ability to reproduce. Because of this, they become sort of parasitic like ring worm andathletes foot. Some imperfect fungi are used to make cheeses and penicillin.
  7. 7. PHYLOGENETIC TREE Fungi started out with no stalk or top at all, then it evolved into a thin stalked structure with small tops. The fungi then evolved into a short stalked structure and a spore filled cup on top of the stalk. Finally, the fungi evolved into the mushrooms we see today with long stalks and spore-filled tops.
  8. 8. PHYLOGENETIC TREE

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