FOUR MAJOR GROUPSConjugating fungiSac fungiClub fungiImperfect fungi
CONJUGATING FUNGI Have a multi-cellular form Feed on organic matter and can be parasitic Contains about 600 species of which most are land based.
SAC FUNGI They produce a spore-filled structure that is called an ascus. The spores are what the fungi use to reproduce When the sac is disturbed, the spores are released leaving a chancefor the spores to grow and create its own spores.
CLUB FUNGI They are made by the fungi producing spores on top of a clubstructure called a basidia. It is closely related to sac fungi and includes mushrooms,toadstools, etc. Some form a symbiotic relationship with plants and they worktogether to thrive.
IMPERFECT FUNGI Are fungi that are believed to have lost there ability to reproduce. Because of this, they become sort of parasitic like ring worm andathletes foot. Some imperfect fungi are used to make cheeses and penicillin.
PHYLOGENETIC TREE Fungi started out with no stalk or top at all, then it evolved into a thin stalked structure with small tops. The fungi then evolved into a short stalked structure and a spore filled cup on top of the stalk. Finally, the fungi evolved into the mushrooms we see today with long stalks and spore-filled tops.