Unit 57: Photography and Photographic Practice Terminology (P1, P2, M1, M2)Term Explanation of term e.g. what it Examples is used for / the effect it has on your imagesShutter Speed Shutter speed is the time that the shutter on a camera remains open when taking a photograph. It controls the focus and exposure of the picture. Shutter speed shows slow and fast movement.ISO ISO is the level of sensitivity of your camera to any available light. If the ISO number is lower, the less sensitive it is to the light, and a higher ISO number increases the sensitivity of your camera. Most cameras nowadays have interchangeable settings to control this.Aperture & Depth of This setting on a camera controls thefield (F stop) amount of light that is hitting the sensor. The aperture is the part of a lens that dictates how much light is let through to the sensor. If its wide open, lots of light gets through. If its closed down, not much light gets through
Automatic Exposure Automatic exposure is a standard setting on a camera that automatically determines the correct exposure for pictures. All you have to do is have the AE option selected. Nearly all cameras have the automatic exposure option.Manual Exposure Manual exposure lets you set both the aperture and shutter speed yourself. This gives you ultimate control over the exposure.Colour Balance Colour balance is the global adjustment of the intensities of the colors, typically red, green, and blue primary colors. Color balance changes the overall mixture of colors in an image and is used for color correction
Composition This is where you use different angles to determine what the composition looks like. Composition basically means how something is placed in an image.Rule of thirds The rule of thirds is a guideline that is there for the photographer to follow, in which it divides the shot into equal parts, and has a main focus point. You can pretend there are imaginary lines and you position your photo according to the lines.Complementary These are colours that are oppositeColours each other on the colour wheel and are considered to be complementary. An example for this would be red and green, they are both vibrant colours and complement each other well.
Analogous colours Analogous colours are 3 colours which are next to each other on the colour wheel. They create serene designs and mostly found in nature and make the environment look harmonious.Macro Macro is extremely close-up photography, usually of very small objects, and in the photo the object is greater than life size,
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