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Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
Respiratory review part 1
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Respiratory review part 1

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  • 1. Respiratory Review Part 1
  • 2. The smallest bronchial tubes end in clusters of minute air sacs called: alveoli
  • 3. Tonsils found in the nasopharynx are called: pharyngeal tonsils
  • 4. The Nose What part of the respiratory system is this?
  • 5. Each individual alveolus is surrounded by a _____(1)_____ ________ which allows for _____(2)_____ ________ : capillary network gas exchange
  • 6.
    • Composed of extensive nasal cavities which lie above the mouth:
    internal nose
  • 7. The Larynx What part of the respiratory system is this?
  • 8.
        • sense of smell
    What are the functions (3) of the nose?
        • resonating chamber
        • filter, warm, and moisten air
  • 9.
        • lighten skull
    What are the three (3) functions of the paranasal sinuses?
        • resonating chamber
        • contribute mucus to the nasal cavity
  • 10. The Trachea What part of the respiratory system is this?
  • 11. The passage of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the RBC and cells of the body: internal respiration
  • 12. The trachea is commonly called the: trachea
  • 13. The Bronchial Tree What part of the respiratory system is this?
  • 14. The passage of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the alveoli and RBC: external respiration
  • 15. The release of energy from the oxidation (burning) of food material: cellular respiration
  • 16. The Alveoli What part of the respiratory system is this?
  • 17. A common tube shared by the respiratory and digestive systems. pharynx
  • 18.
        • Eustachian tubes
    What are the three passageways that lead into the pharynx?
        • Nasal cavity
        • Oral cavity
  • 19. The Lungs What part of the respiratory system is this?
  • 20. What structure contains the vocal cords? larynx
  • 21. The larynx is commonly called the (1) or the (2) . Voice box Adam’s apple
  • 22. The Pharynx What part of the respiratory system is this?
  • 23. What are the names of the four sinuses? Maxillary Ethmoidal Sphenoidal Frontal
  • 24. These act as “first line” defenders, screening out microorganisms from the air, food, and liquids that enter the body: tonsils
  • 25. How many alveoli do the lungs contain? 300 million
  • 26. The area of the lung where the bronchial tubes, pulmonary artery, pulmonary veins, lymph vessels and nodes, along with aereolar tissue all exist together is called the:   root
  • 27. The trachea branches just outside the lungs to form the: Primary bronchi
  • 28. The rings of the trachea are composed of: Hyaline cartilage
  • 29. When chronically inflamed, the pharyngeal tonsils can obstruct the opening to the nasal cavity and are often called: adenoids
  • 30. The smallest bronchial tubes in the lungs are the: bronchioles
  • 31. Where is the oropharynx located? behind the oral cavity (mouth)
  • 32. How many lobes does each lung have? right lung three lobes left lung two lobes
  • 33. Smoking damages what two organs of the body most severely? lungs & heart
  • 34. The small canals running from the ears to the throat are called the: Eustachian or auditory tubes
  • 35. “ Hair-like” structures that constantly beat mucus upwards and help to cleanse the lungs: cilia
  • 36. The organ that most influences the size of the left lung: heart
  • 37. The organ that most influences the size of the right lung: liver
  • 38. The two pathways that properly lead out of the pharynx are: esophagus larynx & trachea
  • 39. The external openings to the respiratory tract that are a part of the external nose are called the ___________________ . nostrils
  • 40. A triangular framework of bone and hyaline cartilage covered with skin and lined internally with mucus membranes is the: external nose
  • 41. The lung’s total air capacity is divided down into “millions” of tiny air sacs. The purpose of this division is: allows for increased surface area for gas exchange.
  • 42. Small chambers or “air sacs” at the end of the bronchioles are called: alveoli
  • 43. The right lung is divided into three lobes. These are the (1) , (2) , and (3) . superior lobe middle lobe inferior lobe
  • 44. How many tiny air sacs do the lungs contain?
      • 300 million
  • 45. Tonsils located in the oropharynx. palatine tonsils
  • 46. Blood vessels that carry freshly oxygenated (red) blood away from the capillary network and back to the heart. Pulmonary veins
  • 47. Tonsils located in the laryngopharynx, at the base of the tongue, are called: Lingual tonsils
  • 48. Tonsils located at the back of the nasal cavity are called the: pharyngeal tonsils
  • 49. Subdivision of the pharynx located behind the nasal cavity is the: nasopharynx
  • 50. oropharynx Subdivision of the pharynx located behind the oral cavity is the:
  • 51. laryngopharynx Subdivision of the pharynx located behind the larynx is the:
  • 52. The inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, usually due to infection or allergy. sinusitis
  • 53. The two lobes of the left lung are the: Superior lobe Inferior lobe
  • 54. Blood vessels that bring deoxygenated (blue) blood from the heart to the capillary network surrounding each alveolus. Pulmonary arteries

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