Information and Communication Technology for Sustainable Development


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Information and Communication Technology for Sustainable Development

  1. 1. ICT for SustainableDevelopmentOleksandr SemenyutaNTUU “KPI”
  2. 2. Topics1. Roles of ICT for SD2. Generalized Model of ICT3. Thematic groups of Questions4. Challenges 2
  3. 3. Basic Sources 3 Carnegie-Melon University Harvard University
  4. 4. ICT: DefinitionICT covers any product that willstore, retrieve, manipulate, transmit or receive informationelectronically in a digital form• traditional computer-based technologies• digital communication technologies 4
  5. 5. ICT: Main Features• reduce transaction costs and thereby improve productivity;• offer immediate connectivity – voice, data, visual – improving efficiency, transparency, and accuracy;• substitute for other, more expensive means of communicating and transacting, such as physical travel;• increase choice in the marketplace and provide access to otherwise unavailable goods and services;• widen the geographic scope of potential markets, and channel knowledge and information of all kinds. 5
  6. 6. Positive ImpactSignificant, positive impact on GDP frominformationtechnology, telecommunications, andmobile telecommunications investment, inboth developed and developing countries World Bank: (in developing countries) firms using ICT see faster sales growth, higher productivity and faster employment 6 growth
  7. 7. Eliminating Critical Obstacles Lack of Geographic competition and isolation high prices for consumers Lack of information and Legal exclusion low prices for producers Political voice Social capital 7
  8. 8. The Millennium DevelopmentGoals (MDGs)• Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger• Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education• Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women• Goal 4: Reduce child mortality rates• Goal 5: Improve maternal health• Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases• Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability 8• Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development
  9. 9. Generalized Model of ICT Sensors (S) Communication (C) Databases/Information Systems (DB/IS) Human-Computer Interaction 9 (HCI)
  10. 10. Example 10
  11. 11. Thematic Groups• Infrastructure development. • Energy. • Water. • Transportation.• Basic human needs and development. • Food. • Healthcare. • Drinking water. • Primary education.• Economic growth and poverty reduction. • Agriculture growth. • Higher education. • Job creation. • e-Commerce.• Alienation, empowerment and governance. • National and international inclusiveness. • Democracy. 11 • e-Governance.
  12. 12. InfrastructureThematic Area Development Need Key Recommended Research Primary ICT Mappin gWater Better models and Low-cost sensors; GIS models, data S, C, assessment of dissemination solutions, and DB/IS, supply and quality integration into user frameworks HCIEnergy Improve Tamper-proof digital electricity S, C, measurement, meters with control and DB/IS, theft-control, and communications, with integration CTRL control (including into efficient end-use appliances demand-side for load control management)Transportation Optimization of Integration of sensors, GIS, GPS, S, C, public and private and other technologies. DB/IS, 12 transport along with HCI enhanced safety
  13. 13. Basic Human DevelopmentThematic Development Need Key Recommended Research PrimaryArea ICT MappingFood and Optimize input to the soil Sensors and Information Systems S, C,Agriculture and improve productivity. for optimizing irrigation, DB/IS, Improve farmer’s stake in fertilizers, pesticides, etc. CTRL, HCI the supply chain Developing accessible and affordable solutions for access to market, weather and other informationHealthcare Improve delivery of ICT solutions integrated with C, DB/IS, healthcare services; make existing systems; develop easy-to- HCI systems more use and robust interfaces and participatory platformsEducation Improve literacy and Easy-to-use and scalable C, DB/IS, student skills; meet solutions for education; HCI 13 varying needs of different customized content and delivery levels of students systems, with feedback
  14. 14. Economic Growth and EmploymentThematic Development Need Key Recommended Research PrimaryArea ICT MappingICT-based Improve awareness and Easy-to-use and scalable solutions C, DB/IS,and ICT- skills in ICT; integrate ICT for education; (open) easy-to- HCIenabled into economic activity, implement standards for ICTjob create solutions for low- integration; secure, flexible andcreation cost money transfer, inexpensive systems to manageand (micro)credit, and risk and move moneypoverty managementreduction 14
  15. 15. Alienation, Empowerment and e-GovernanceThematic Area Development Need Key Recommended Research Primary ICT MappingAlienation Easier sharing of Solutions that make it easy to C, DB/IS,issues and information (within create, monitor, search, and apply HCIempowerment; norms of privacy information, while maintaininge-Governance and individual end-user privacy and control control) 15
  16. 16. Challenges• Hardware and software costs• Connectivity costs.• Robustness.• Content• Usability and interface• Security.• Internet control, architecture and addressing.• Energy and power• Digital information and broadcasting 16
  17. 17. Sources (1)ICT for SD: Defining a Global Research Agenda (PDF) Role of ICT Sector in Expanding Ecomomic Opportunity systems for sustainable development SOCIETIES: Information Technology for Sustainable Development technology tools for sustainable development - B. Kestemont andW. Hecq 17
  18. 18. Sources (2)IBM SD Competitive Advantage through Information TechnologyCompetence: Resource-Based View on Small and Medium Enterprises Information Technology, Social Entrepreneurship,and Global Collaboration for Just Sustainable Development Development and Information Technology. Can they go together? and Communication Technology for Sustainable Development inNigeria 18
  19. 19. Sources (3)Information and communication technologies for development models for sustainable development voice: towards inclusive information technologies the Digital Divide in Education societies--in a nutshell: information technology for sustainabledevelopment 19