Teach 5 behaviour theory

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Teach 5 behaviour theory

  1. 1. CHANGE strategies: BEHAVIOUR ANALYIS  Define the target behaviour exactly  Chain Analyse the target behaviour  Come up with ideas about why the behaviour works, why it persists (formulate)
  2. 2. Positive Reinforcement  Anything delivered contingent on a response which increases the likelihood the response will occur again  Not necessarily an intended reward  May not be obvious or pleasant
  3. 3. Negative Reinforcement  Anything delivered contingent on a response which results in escape or avoidance of an aversive state and increases the likelihood the response will occur again  (e.g. Something which leads to avoidance of or escape from physical or emotional pain)
  4. 4. Punishment  Anything delivered contingent on a response that makes it less likely the response will happen again
  5. 5. Teaching techniques  Shaping  Modelling  Fading  Discriminative stimulus (signal)
  6. 6. Schedules of Reinforcement Constant Intermittent (fixed/variable)
  7. 7. Classical conditioning Paired associate learning UCS CS
  8. 8. UCS UCR
  9. 9. UCS cs UCR
  10. 10. cs CR
  11. 11. Extinction Repeated exposure to a conditioned stimulus without reinforcement (POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT NOT GIVEN/ESCAPE BLOCKED) Produces extinction burst
  12. 12. BEHAVIOUR CHANGE INCREASE Shaping Modelling Reinforcement (pos and neg) DECREASE Desensitisation Exposure (REMOVE/PREVENT REINFORCEMENT) Punishment Reinforcing not responding

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