Transcript of "Residential Landscape Revitalization Workbook - Scottsdale, Arizona"
Planning and Development Services RESIDENTIAL LANDSCAPE REVITALIZATION WORKBOOK 1
This workbook is offered as a guide only and is not intended to be used asa legally binding document for landscape and construction standards. TheCity of Scottsdale disclaims all liability in connection with the use of thisworkbook.
General InformationOne Stop Shop Information Other Important Phone Numbers Graphics LegendIf at anytime during the process you have Arizona Blue Stake Center Throughout this workbook, youquestions about this workbook, your specific (locating Utility lines) will see various graphics toremodel or would like to contact someone (602) 263-1100 draw your attention toregarding your application requirements, important points.please contact the City’s One Stop Shop at Arizona Registrar of Contractors(480) 312-2500. (480) 542-1525 Community Building Code Hotline Design Studio (480) 312-2633 Question Mark Indian School Road Indicates commonly asked Building Official (Building Variances) questions Drinkwater Boulevard P 75th Street One Civic One (480) 312-7080 Center Stop Shop Code Enforcement P (480) 312-2546 Flag NORTH Indicates those things you need City Hall Housing Resources Program to be aware of (480) 312-4304 Inspections and Land Survey (general inspection questions and permit Helpful HintOne Stop Shop Main Number extensions) Indicates helpful ideas and480-312-2500 (480) 312-5750 informationOne Stop Shop Permit Counter Plan ReviewCity of Scottsdale (480) 312-7080First Floor, One Civic Center7447 E. Indian School Rd. Water Conservationwww.ScottsdaleAZ.gov/onestopshop (480) 312-5650(480) 312-2500Office Hours: 8 a.m. - 5 p.m. 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. WednesdayOne Stop Shop Records CounterCity of ScottsdaleFirst Floor, One Civic Center7447 E. Indian School Rd.(480) 312-2356Office Hours: 8 a.m. - 5 p.m. 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. Wednesday
IntroductionEnvision Your YardWould a cool umbrella of shadewelcome you home at the end of yourday? Could a colorful display offlowers energize you? Maybe the sightof an easy-care landscape would evokea sigh of relief.Two of Scottsdale’s local landscapearchitects have teamed up to bringthese visions to life. They havedesigned seven unique landscapeoptions for you - Birdscape,Colorscape, EZscape, Flutterscape,Nativescape, Shadescape, andVerdescape. Each has a look andcharacter all its own. Choose the onethat suits your taste and fits yourlifestyle. All of the landscapes havebeen designed with the low-water-useprinciples of Xeriscape* in mind; sothey are both beautiful and waterefficient.In addition to the landscape designs,the workbook includes photographs,contact numbers, information onpermits, and a listing of booklets thatare available to help with theinstallation and maintenance of yournew landscape.Information on Xeriscape principles and the step-by-step guide Xeriscape, Landscaping With Style In The ArizonaDesert is available to assist you with installing and caring for your landscape. Ask for it at the One Stop Shop or theWater Conservation Office. All plants selected for the landscapes comply with the Arizona Department of WaterResources Low-Water-Use/Drought Tolerant Plant List. i
Contents Welcome to the City of Scottsdale’s Remodeling Workbook. This easy to use 5-step workbook has beenSTEP 1 - BEFORE BEGINNING YOUR PROJECT 1 developed to assist you with reno-● Checklist 1 vating your front yard landscaping.STEP 2 - IDENTIFY EXISTING CONDITIONS 2 Most landscape professionals agree● Seven Steps to Site Assessment 4 that the average lifespan of any● Site Assessment Worksheet 5-10 given landscape is about 20 years. As many of Scottsdale’s neighbor-STEP 3 - CHOOSE A DESIGN THEME 12 hoods mature, a growing number● Things to Consider 12 of homeowners are opting to reno-● Birdscape 13 vate their landscapes.● Colorscape 15 This reinvestment by residents not● EZscape 17 only beautifies their homes, but● Flutterscape 19 also contributes to the value of● Nativescape 21 their neighborhoods and the sur-● Shadescape 23 rounding community.● Verdescape 25 Based on real estate studies onSTEP 4 - PUT IT ALL TOGETHER 27 home landscaping investments,● Making Adjustments 27 homeowners can garner returns up● Watering the Landscape 30 to 200%.STEP 5 - IMPLEMENT THE LANDSCAPE PLAN 31● Order of Installation 31● Maintaining Your Vision 33RESOURCES 35● Booklets How to Use This Workbook● Contacts The step-by-step format of the● Incentives workbook is easy to follow and will● Web Sites guide you through the landscaping process. References to additionalACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 36 resources for further assistance are● Special Thanks offered throughout the workbook and have been compiled in theWater Conservation Tips 37 Resources section.Notes 38 C
Before Beginning Your ProjectChecklist● If you have a homeowners’ 1 Share the Cost A landscape rebate is available association, check the Covenants, Codes, and Restrictions (CC&Rs) for converting water intensive to determine if there are landscape to low-water-use landscaping guidelines or plant Xeriscape. For more informa- selection restrictions in your tion and requirements, contact neighborhood. Scottsdale’s Water Conservation at Environmentally Sensitive Lands 480-312-5650. Ordinance (ESLO) restricts landscape requirements in the Your neighborhood may be northern portions of the city. eligible for a grant through the Neighborhood Enhancement● Plan to apply for approvals when Program. For application infor- necessary. Many landscaping mation contact Citizen and improvement projects, Neighborhood Resources at including the removal of certain 480-312-3111. types of plants, wall construction, and grading or significant terrain alterations, require prior plan approval from the City of Scottsdale. If you are unsure Need Help? whether a permit is required, please Landscape professionals can contact the city’s One Stop Shop help with all or part of your at 480-312-2500. landscaping project.● Before digging, call Arizona Blue Tips for choosing professional Stake Center (1-800-STAKE IT) services can be found in the for free assistance in locating and Xeriscape brochure (p.19). marking underground power- lines and other utilities. Be a good neighbor Respect property boundaries when altering storm-water drainage and placing trees and plant material. 6 1
Identify Existing Conditions 2 Sketch Your Yard Sketching your yard as it looks now will help define landscape considerations for choosing a design, and the measurements will be helpful when making adjustments for size and the number of plants needed for the design. A simple sketch with basic dimensions will do. Use one of the worksheets and the landscape legend on pages 5-10 and follow the Seven Steps to Site Assessment. Several worksheets are included, so you can make changes easily or experiment with a number of designs. 2
Identify Existing ConditionsSeven Steps to Site Assessment1. Measure your front yard and draw a map on the Site Assessment 2 Microclimates The climate in a yard can be modi- Worksheet provided on page 5 using a scale of 1 in. equals 10 ft. fied by factors such as sun or shade, heat reflected from build-2. Indicate north on the arrow. ings, or even contours in the land- scape. Identifying the various3. Note location of overhead and underground utility lines and public microclimates in your yard will help utility easements. (Trees should not be planted in public easements or you make appropriate plant selec- within 7’ of water/sewer lines and 10’ of ground-mounted transformers.) tions.4. Note sunny and shady areas of the yard.5. Note location of doors, windows, and points of access into the yard. Relocating Plants6. Note location of gables and gutters or where rain drains from Desert trees and palms fare best if the roof. moved during the summer when they are actively growing.7. Identify and note existing plants that you wish to incorporate into the new landscape as well as existing hardscape elements that will be retained, such as patios, walkways, and walls. Free Water! Rainwater harvesting retains and uses the water that falls on the site. If your design incorporates rainwater harvesting, as in the Nativescape, identify locations where water usually collects or where it will be retained. Water Runoff Rooftop runoff may need to be directed away from the house or hardscapes. It can also be directed through grading and contouring to turf, trees, and planted areas. 4
Choose a Design ThemeThings to ConsiderWhen you have completed the How do you want your yard to look? Do you prefer a certain style or devote to landscape maintenance? 3 How much time do you want tosite assessment, you are ready tochoose a landscape design. While look? If you envision your yard The maintenance requirements ofthe designs are intended to com- with lawn, the Verdescape may be a landscape can vary significantly.plement any home, you may find a good choice. However, if the While avid gardeners may relishthat a particular theme fits with beauty of the desert captivates time spent maintaining their yard,the architecture of your home or you, the Nativescape may be the a household with young childrenis more appropriate for your look you prefer. and a schedule filled with outsideneighborhood. Answering the fol- activities could make EZscape thelowing questions will help you How do you use your yard? perfect choice. If time is a factor,decide which design suits your Define your lifestyle. Lifestyles are consider these guidelines whenneeds and your lifestyle. often related to life stages, such as choosing a design: child rearing or retirement, which ● Simple planting designs can affect the use and purpose of the make irrigation and yard. maintenance of a landscape ● Do children or pets play in the easier. area? ● Natural looking landscapes ● Where do you entertain? typically require less time and ● Do you spend leisure time in energy to maintain than your yard? manicured landscapes. ● Do you enjoy attracting and watching wildlife? ● Do you spend weeks or months away from your home each year? 12
BIRDSCAPE LEGEND SYMBOL BOTANICAL/COMMON NAME HEIGHT X SPREAD EXPOSURE QUANTITY Chilopsis linearis/Desert Willow 25’ x 20’ Full sun 2 The beauty and antics of birds are both delightful and enter- Cercidium floridum (Parkinsonia florida)/ 30’ x 30’ Reflected sun/full sun 1 taining. The Birdscape is Blue Palo Verde designed to invite birds into Justicia spicigera/Mexican Honeysuckle 3’ x 3’ Full sun/part shade 7 the landscape and features plants that offer food, shelter Muhlenbergia rigens/Deer Grass 4’ x 4’ Full sun/part shade 4 and nesting sites. Native birds are often attracted to trees that Dalea frutescens/Black Dalea 3’ x 4’ Full sun/part shade 5 are indigenous to our region and to plants that are a food Penstemon eatonii/Firecracker Penstemon 1’ x 1.5’ Full sun/part shade 10* source they recognize. Plants that produce bright berries or Tecoma stans/Yellow Bells 6’ x 6’ Full sun/part shade 5 seeds are sure to attract a wide range of birds, while hum- Punica granatum ‘Nana’/‘Nana’ Dwarf Pomegranate 8’ x 6’ Full sun/part shade 2 mingbirds are drawn to red and orange tubular flowers. Agave palmeri/Palmer’s Agave 3’ x 3’ Full sun/part shade 2 Hesperaloe parviflora/Red Yucca 3’ x 5’ Full sun/part shade 8 Baileya multiradiata/Desert Marigold 1’ x 1’ Full sun 20* Aloe vera/Medicinal Aloe 2’ x 5’ Full sun/part shade 9 Bird bath (small earthstone wok bowl) 1 Boulder (natural surface select, various sizes) 6 *Seeds may be used to replace or supplement plantings.14
COLORSCAPE LEGEND SYMBOL BOTANICAL/COMMON NAME HEIGHT X SPREAD EXPOSURE BLOOM SEASON QUANTITY Acacia farnesiana/Sweet Acacia 20’ x 20’ Full sun W-Sp 1 Vibrant colors combine to energize the Colorscape. Trees and shrubs with a Cercidium floridum 30’ x 30’ Reflected Sp 2 variety of bloom periods (Parkinsonia florida)/Blue Palo Verde sun/full sun are combined with an array of prolific and long-bloom- Bauhinia lunarioides/Anacacho 8’ x 6’ Full sun/part Sp 3 ing perennials. A captivat- Orchid Tree shade ing landscape that changes through the seasons, Justicia californica/Chuparosa 4’ x 4’ Full sun/part W-Sp 14 Colorscape offers a delight- shade ful element of surprise in the landscape. Lantana montevidensis/Training 1’ x 4’ Full sun Sp/S/F 13 Lavender Lantana Caesalpinia pulcherrima/Red Bird of 6’ x 6’ Full sun S 3 Paradise Ericameria laricifolia/Turpentine Bush 2’ x 3’ Full sun F 18 Dalea pulchra/Bush Dalea 4’ x 5’ Full sun W-Sp 5 Hesperaloe parviflora/Red Yucca 3’ x 5’ Full sun/part Sp-S 10 shade16
EZSCAPE LEGEND SYMBOL BOTANICAL/COMMON NAME HEIGHT X SPREAD EXPOSURE QUANTITY Simplicity of design is a Olea europea ‘Swan Hill’/‘Swan Hill’ 25’ x 25’ Full sun/part shade 1 strength of the EZscape that carries through to sim- Olive plify both irrigation and landscape maintenance. Ebenopsis ebano 20’ x 15’ Full sun 2 Undemanding and tough, (Pithecellobium flexicaule)/Texas Ebony drought tolerant plants work hard in this landscape Dasylirion wheeleri/Desert Spoon 4’ x 4’ Full sun/part shade 3 so you don’t have to. Plants with pleasing natural forms seldom require prun- Lantana montevidensis/ 1’ x 4’ Full sun 10 ing, and a minimum of lit- Trailing Lavender Lantana ter will make this landscape easy to maintain. Caesalpinia pulcherrima/ 6’ x 6’ Full sun 3 Red Bird of Paradise Agave desmettiana/Smooth Agave 3’ x 3’ Part sun/shade 9 Convolvulus cneorum/ 2’ x 3’ Full sun/part shade 11 Bush Morning Glory Hesperaloe parviflora/Red Yucca 3’ x 5’ Full sun/part shade 6 Leucophyllum langmaniae/Langman’s 5’ x 5’ Full sun 12 Sage18
FLUTTERSCAPE LEGEND SYMBOL BOTANICAL/COMMON NAME HEIGHT X SPREAD EXPOSURE QUANTITY Butterflies floating through Lysiloma microphylla/Feather Bush 15’ x 15 Full sun/part shade 1 the landscape create a serene setting. A landscape Ebenopsis ebano (Pithecellobium flexicaule)/ 20’ x 15’ Full sun 1 designed to attract butter- Texas Ebony flies, the colorful Flutterscape entices butter- Prosopis velutina/Velvet Mesquite 25’ x 25’ Full sun 1 flies into the yard with nec- tar-producing flowers for Eysenhardtia orthocarpa/Kidneywood 15’ x 10’ Full sun/part shade 2 the adults to feed on and foodplants for their young. Dalea frutescens/Black Dalea 3’ x 4’ Full sun 3 Large open flower clusters serve as landing pads that encourage them to linger in Calliandra californica/Baja Fairy Duster 5’ x 5’ Full sun/part shade 8 the yard. Verbena gooddingii/Goodding’s Verbena 1’ x 3’ Full sun/part shade 8 Buddleia marrubifolia/Woolly Butterfly Bush 5’ x 5’ Full sun 7 Lantana montevidensis/Trailing Lavender Lantana 1’ x 4’ Full sun 9 Lantana camara hybrid/Bush Lantana 4’ x 4’ Full sun 6 Caesalpinia pulcherrima/Red Bird of Paradise 6’ x 6’ Full sun 3 Leucophyllum laevigatum/Chihuahuan Sage 4’ x 5’ Full sun 720 Asclepias subulata/Desert Milkweed 3’ x 3’ Full sun 7
NATIVESCAPE LEGEND SYMBOL BOTANICAL/COMMON NAME HEIGHT X SPREAD EXPOSURE QUANTITY 20’ x 10’ Full sun/part shade 1 Nativescape defines the Carnegiea gigantea/Saguaro character of our region and brings the beauty of the Prosopis velutina/Velvet Mesquite 25’ x 25’ Full sun 1 desert into your yard for you to enjoy. Native trees Olneya tesota/Ironwood 25’ x 25’ Full sun 1 are used to recreate nature in this naturalistic land- Fouquieria splendens/Ocotillo 12’ x 10’ Full sun 2 scape and provide filtered shade where many plants will flourish. ‘Desert pave- Opuntia engelmannii/Englemann’s Prickly Pear 4’ x 8’ Full sun/part shade 3 ment’ (raked, salvaged native desert soil) is used in Baileya multiradiata/Desert Marigold 1’ x 1’ Full sun 13* place of decomposed gran- ite, allowing annuals and Sphaeralcea ambigua/Globe Mallow 3’ x 3’ Full sun/part shade 8 grasses to grow through and mimic the desert floor. Encelia farinosa/Brittlebush 3’ x 4’ Full sun 6* Striking accent plants add drama, and indigenous Larrea tridentata/Creosote Bush 6’ x 6’ Full sun 6 wildflower seeds can be scattered in the fall to add a colorful display in the Justicia californica/Chuparosa 4’ x 4’ Full sun 10 springtime. Ericameria laricifolia/Turpentine Bush 2’ x 3’ Full sun 12 Penstemon parryi/Parry’s Penstemon 1.5’ x 1.5’ Full sun/part shade 16* Boulder (natural surface select, various sizes) 322 *Seeds may be used to replace or supplement plantings.
SHADESCAPE LEGEND SYMBOL BOTANICAL/COMMON NAME HEIGHT X SPREAD EXPOSURE QUANTITY Prosopis velutina/Velvet Mesquite 25’ x 25’ Full sun 1 Cool, welcoming shade is the focus of the Dalbergia sissoo/Indian Rosewood 40’ x 30’ Full sun/part shade 1 Shadescape. Trees provide Myrtus communis ‘Boetica’/Twisted Myrtle 5’ x 4’ Full sun/part shade 3 the backbone of the land- scape with canopies that Tecomaria capensis/Cape Honeysuckle 6’ x 5’ Full sun/part shade 3 extend overhead to offer relief from the heat of sum- Penstemon parryi/Parry’s Penstemon 1.5’ x 1.5’ Full sun/part shade 3 mer. Shade tolerant plants Ruellia peninsularis/Baja Ruellia 3’ x 4’ Full sun/part shade 3 can be used beneath the trees and in north-facing Agave parryi/Parry’s Agave 2’ x 2’ Full sun/part shade 1 exposures. Yucca recurvifolia/Pendulous Yucca 6’ x 3’ Full sun/shade 3 Hesperaloe parviflora/Red Yucca 3’ x 5’ Full sun/part shade 9 Dasylirion wheeleri/Desert Spoon 4’ x 4’ Full sun/part shade 1 Bulbine frutescens/Bulbine 1’ x 2’ Part shade 3 Santolina chamaecyparissus/Lavender Cotton 1’ x 1’ Full sun/part shade 14 Santolina virens/Green Santolina 1’ x 1’ Full sun/part shade 4 Wedelia trilobata/Yellow Dot 1.5’ x 6’ Full sun/part shade 13 Plumbago scandens/White Plumbago 3’ x 3’ Part shade/full shade 16 Agave vilmoriniana/Octopus Agave 4’ x 5’ Full sun/part shade 1 (earthstone wok bowl) Boulder (natural surface select, various sizes) 324
VERDESCAPE LEGEND SYMBOL BOTANICAL/COMMON NAME HEIGHT X SPREAD EXPOSURE QUANTITY Evergreen plants and ver- Dalbergia sissoo/Indian Rosewood 40’ x 30’ Full sun/part shade 1 dant green foliage are pre- dominant in the Phoenix dactylifera/Date Palm 40’ x 20’ Reflected sun/full sun 2 Verdescape. Shades of green and a variety of tex- Leucophyllum frutescens/‘Green Cloud’ Sage 6’ x 6’ Full sun 3 tures provide contrast in the plant combinations and Rosemarinus officinalis ‘Prostratus’/Trailing Rosemary 2’ x 4’ Full sun 10 also work together to create a lush effect. Seasonal Tecomaria capensis/Cape Honeysuckle 6’ x 5’ Full sun/part shade 1 color accents are incorpo- Ruellia brittoniana/Purple Ruellia 3’ x 3’ Full sun/part shade 4 rated into the design to add an element of surprise and Nerium oleander /‘Petite Pink’ Oleander 3’ x 3’ Reflected sun/full sun/part shade 4 interest. Caesalpinia pulcherrima/Red Bird of Paradise 6’ x 6’ Reflected sun/full sun 1 Agave geminiflora/Twin-Flowered Agave 3’ x 3’ Full sun/part shade 1 Hesperaloe parviflora/Red Yucca 3’ x 5’ Full sun/part shade 5 Dasylirion acrotriche/Green Desert Spoon 4’ x 4’ Full sun/part shade 3 Tecoma stans/Yellow Bells 6’ x 6’ Full sun/part shade 1 Lantana camara ‘Solid Mound’/Gold Mound Lantana 2’ x 3’ Full sun 15 Verbena gooddingii/Goodding’s Verbena 1’ x 3’ Full sun/part shade 13 Cynodon dactylon/Bermuda grass 1.5” x varies Full sun 412 SF Agave vilmoriniana/Octopus Agave 4’ x 5’ Full sun/part shade 1 (earthstone wok bowl) Boulder (natural surface select, various sizes) 326
Put It All TogetherMaking Adjustments Make adjustments for doors,Modifying a design to fit your windows, and points of accessproperty has been simplified with into the yard Slight adjustments in a design OUCH!the matching scale and gridlines may be necessary to accommo- Plants with thorns should not beon your site assessment work- date doors, windows, or access placed close to walkways orsheets on pages 5-10. The grid- into the yard. play areas.lines make it easy for you to com-pare the landscapes and see where ● Compare notations from your Plan for adequate visibilityadjustments are needed. If your site assessment to determine if around driveways and parkingyard measurement is shorter, your adjustments are needed. areas. Choose plants that willlandscape will require fewer not grow above 2’ in height orplants. If your yard measurement Utilizing existing plants or have a canopy above 7’ tall.is longer, your landscape will hardscape elementsrequire additional plants to If there are plants or elements in The City of Scottsdale’s Propertyachieve the look of the design. the landscape you wish to incor- Maintenance Ordinance,(All designs are based on the porate, the design can be modi- Chapter 18-5 (sections m andmature size of each plant.) fied around those elements. As n), prohibits vegetation that with adjusting for size, use grid- overhangs into the public right-Make the adjustments for size lines to compare measurements of-way and obstructs visibility● Determine plant sizes and on the design and your work- or safe passage. For more infor- planting space in the design by sheet. mation, contact the city’s Code counting gridlines. ● Eliminate plants from the Enforcement Department at● Compare the design design where existing plants 480-312-2546. measurements to worksheet will suffice. measurements. Are the ● Redirect hardscapes such as design measurements shorter or walkways where necessary. longer?● Remove or add plants to the Planting Tips design as needed to fit the Most plants perform best if space. planted in the fall. This allows plants to establish a root system and develop stamina before the heat of summer arrives. The slopes of mounds are ideal microclimates for plants that require good drainage. 27
When making substitutionsThe size of a yard, plant availability, orvarious site conditions such as deep shade ● Allow space for a plant to grow to its mature size to minimize pruning and maintenance. Excessive pruning and 4 Plant Selectionmay require substitutions for plants in the shearing to maintain a plant in an area The brochure Landscape Plantslandscape design. All the landscape that is too small compromises plant for the Arizona Desert can helpdesigns are oriented to a south-facing health and can detract from your you select plants that are suit-exposure, but are suitable for other expo- landscape design. able for any situation. Ask for itsures as well. However, if deep shade or at the One Stop Shop or call theother factors significantly affect the ● Refer to the booklet Landscape Plants Water Conservation Officemicroclimate of your yard, you may need for the Arizona Desert. The booklet (480-312-5650).to use plants with growing requirements features over 200 plants as well asthat more closely match the conditions of information that will help you matcha particular area. plants to the space and conditions in your yard.When making substitutions, Planting in ESLOuse the worksheet measure- Homes that are zoned ESLOments and your notations on (Environmentally Sensitive Landsorientation and sun/shade Ordinance) may only plantfrom your site assessment to indigenous plants within all non-make appropriate plant enclosed areas. Non-indigenousselections. plants may be used within a walled backyard but may not have the potential to exceed 20 ft. in height. Contact the One Stop Shop for a list of indigenous plants. Powerlines Overhead powerlines may require substituting appropriately sized plantings that will not grow taller than 15 feet. Plan for adequate visibility around driveways, street inter- sections, and corner lots. Choose plants that will not grow above 2 ‘ in height 28
Put It All TogetherMounds and contouring forinterest and rainwaterharvestingMounds and depressions in a Water Retentionlandscape can create more inter- Retain drainage on site.esting areas, provide microcli- Modifications to gradingmates for plantings, and be effec- should not direct water intotive in directing and holding neighbors’ yards or towardrainwater for use in your building foundations.landscape.● When possible, observe the flow of rainwater runoff from rooftops as Want to know more? it moves through your From simple to complex, water landscape to identify collection systems in the land- drainage patterns. scape offer a wide range of● Locate mounds to methods to capture and utilize divert water to planted rainwater. Ask for the booklet areas. Harvesting Rainwater for Landscape Use at the One Stop Shop or call the Water Conservation Office to find out more. Water Savings Consider replacing high-mainte- nance and high-water-use plants with native or drought tolerant vegetation. Native plants are not only colorful and attractive, but they are also well adapted to our desert heat. Grouping plants that have similar water requirements into higher and lower water-use zones pro- motes plant health and makes watering easier and more effi- 29 cient.
Watering the LandscapeWater is the lifeline to the plants 4in your landscape and an essential Irrigation Basicselement of the design. There are a Find information on irrigationnumber of ways to apply water to components and drip irrigationthe landscape. Factors such as effi- installation in the Xeriscapeciency, reliability, and cost brochure.may influence the methodyou choose; but if your land- Attend a free workshop onscape doesn’t have a drip irri- irrigation. Call the Watergation system, this may be a Conservation Office for detailsgood time to install one. Drip (480-312-5650).irrigation is an efficient water-ing system that delivers water A comprehensive technicaldirectly to the root system of a publication, Guidelines Forplant. Landscape Drip Irrigation Systems, is available from theExisting irrigation systems can be Water Conservation Office.modified to accommodate newlandscape plantings. Locate landscape or irrigation● Sprinkler systems can be professionals to handle the retrofitted for drip irrigation. irrigation segment for you. Tips● Drip irrigation can be modified for choosing professional with components available at services can be found in the hardware and irrigation supply Xeriscape brochure (p.19). stores.● Many irrigation supply stores offer design services or assistance at no charge with the purchase of irrigation How Much, How Often components. Confused about how to water the landscape? You’ll find help in the booklet Landscape Watering by the Numbers. Ask for it at the One Stop Shop or call the Water Conservation Office. 30
Implement the Landscape PlanOrder of Installation Where to startTaking your landscape design Lay the landscape plan out onfrom paper to a finished land- your yard by using temporary marking paint (available at hard- Want More Details?scape is a step-by-step process. ware stores). Installing your landscape isThe following guidelines can help ● Paint the ground where walks, covered in more detail in theyou organize and implement your mounds, depressions, and brochure Xeriscape (p. 29). Toplan. plants will be located, engage help with the noting where existing utilities installation phase, see “Tips for1. Prepare your site –– have been painted by Blue Choosing Professional Services” clearing/marking/grading/ Stake. (p. 19). contouring2. Install hardscape areas Contouring If elevation changes are used in3. Mark plant locations the design you have chosen, grad- ing and contouring will be the4. Install irrigation first step in the installation of your new landscape.5. Put in plants ● Contour the soil surface to form depressions and create6. Spread decomposed granite gently sloping mounds. and/or install lawn areas ● Major irrigation components such as hardpipe can be installed in this step. ● Bury boulders to a depth 1/3 of their size for a more natural look. 31
Hardscape elementsThe hardscapes in your landscape ● Install plants according to planting standards. (See 5include patios, walkways, and Xeriscape p. 36 forwalls. Top dressings such as illustrations and details.) A Maintenance Routinedecomposed granite, while Appropriate maintenance willconsidered a hardscape, should be Decomposed granite keep your landscape healthyinstalled after the plants. (crushed rock) and beautiful. The Xeriscape Decomposed granite (DG) covers brochure can help you set up aMarking plant locations for the soil surface, reducing water maintenance routine (p. 41).drip irrigation installation evaporation, weed growth andMarker flags may be purchased at blowing dust.hardware or irrigation supply ● Spread DG by starting at thestores. farthest edge of the landscape Planting Tips● Flag locations of plants to mark and working back toward the Dig planting hole three to five drip emitter placement. pile. times wider but no deeper than the plant’s root ball.Purchasing and installing plants ● Apply to a depth of 2 inches forPlant availability varies between adequate coverage and level to If roots are growing in a circle, 1/2 inch below hardscape make several slices along sidesnurseries. If local nurseries do not surfaces. of root ball.carry a particular plant, they canoften order it for you; or you may When placed in planting hole,want to visit nurseries that spe- ●The use of plastic sheeting or the top of root ball should becialize in desert-adapted plants. landscape fabric as a weed barrier level with soil surface.Many nurseries will also order the beneath the top dressing is not recommended and may not be Fill hole with native soil. It isquantities specified in your land- not necessary to add soilscape design as well as an assort- permitted by community amendments to the backfill.ment of plant sizes. CC&Rs or landscape rebate programs. Plastic in the Remove nursery stakes.Although prices may vary, pur- landscape often surfaces over New plantings require morechasing smaller sizes can cut costs. time, and impermeable barriers frequent watering than estab-Utilizing seeds to supplement prevent proper watering of lished plantings. You’ll findreduced plant quantities is anoth- plantings and promote water watering schedules for bother cost-cutting option that works runoff from the landscape. new and established plants inwell for fast-growing native plant- the brochure Landscapeings such as desert marigold and Watering by the Numbers.will be noted on the landscapelegends. 32
Implement the Landscape PlanMaintaining Your VisionWhile all landscapes look bestwith regular care and attention,the landscape designs in thisworkbook have used theprinciples of Xeriscape and shouldrequire only minimal mainte-nance. The tough desert-adaptedplants thrive without fertilizers,resist insect damage, and seldomneed pruning. Well-designed andmaintained drip irrigation systemscan water your landscape evenwhen you are away from home.A landscape that is attractive aswell as easy to care for willenhance the value of your homeand reward you with hours ofenjoyment in your beautiful yard. 33
ResourcesOne Stop Shop/Permit Services Incentives7447 E. Indian School ● Landscape RebatesSuite 100 Water Conservation OfficeScottsdale, AZ 85251 9312 N. 94th St.Phone: 480-312-2500 Scottsdale, AZ 85258 Phone: 480-312-5650Water Conservation Office ● Neighborhood Enhancement Partnerhsip Program9312 N. 94th St. Citizen & Neighborhood ResourcesScottsdale, AZ 85258 7447 E. Indian School #300Phone: 480-312-5650 Scottsdale, AZ 85251 Phone: 480-312-3111Blue Stakewww.azbsinc.com Web Sites602-263-1100 (within Maricopa County) ● City of Scottsdale Water Conservationor 1-800-STAKE-IT www.scottsdaleaz.gov/waterBooklets ● City of Scottsdale Citizen & Neighborhood ResourcesThe following booklets are available at the One Stop www.scottsdaleaz.govShop or from the Water Conservation Office.● Xeriscape, Landscaping With Style In The ● Arizona Municipal Water Users Association Arizona Desert www.amwua.org● Landscape Plants for the Arizona Desert● Landscape Watering by the Numbers ● Arizona Department of Water Resources● Guidelines For Landscape Drip Irrigation www.azwater.gov Systems● Harvesting Rainwater for Landscape Use ● Maricopa County Cooperative Extension www.ag.arizona.edu/maricopa/garden ● Water Use It Wisely www.wateruseitwisely.com 35
AcknowledgementsSpecial thanks to landscape Robyn Bakerarchitects Greg Presto and Doug Water Conservation SpecialistDiggins for their countless hours Water Resourcesof work toward this project andfor volunteering their time and Wendy Hardytalent in the production of this Native Plant Specialistbook. Planning & Development ServicesContributing photographer: Rick ForgusCharles Mann Senior Graphic DesignerCharles Mann Photography Communications & Public AffairsContributing landscape architects Molly Edwardsand designers: Housing Resource ManagerJim Coffman Citizen & Neighborhood Resources/Housing Resourcescover (bottom)page 12Landscaping by Andrepage 8Carrie Nimmer, Xerarch Studiopage 3Christie Ten EyckTen Eyck Landscape Architectscover (top)page 12Steve Emerickpage 11 36
Water Conservation TipsCheck your sprinkler system frequently and adjust sprinklers so only your lawn is watered and not the house,sidewalk, or street.Avoid planting turf in areas that are hard to water such as steep inclines and isolated strips along sidewalks anddriveways.Minimize evaporation by watering during the early morning hours, when temperatures are cooler and windsare lighter.Use a layer of organic mulch around plants to reduce evaporation and save hundreds of gallons of water a year.Use a broom instead of a hose to clean your driveway or sidewalk and save 80 gallons of water every time.Divide your watering cycle into shorter periods to reduce runoff and allow for better absorption every time youwater.We’re more likely to notice leaky faucets indoors, but don’t forget to check outdoor faucets, pipes, and hosesfor leaks.Adjust your watering schedule to the season.Adjust your lawn mower to a higher setting. Longer grass shades root systems and holds soil moisture betterthan a closely clipped lawn.Use the sprinkler for larger areas of grass. Water small patches by hand to avoid waste.Water your summer lawn once every three days and your winter lawn once every five days.Install a rain shut-off device on your automatic sprinklers to eliminate unnecessary watering.Choose a water-efficient drip irrigation system for trees, shrubs and flowers. Watering at the roots is very effec-tive. Be careful not to over water.Water your plants deeply, but less frequently to create healthier stronger landscapes.Do one thing each day that will save water. Even if savings are small, every drop counts. 37
Water Conservation9312 N. 94th StreetScottsdale, AZ 85258480-312-5650Planning and Development Services7447 E. Indian School RoadScottsdale, AZ 85251480-312-2500Citizen and Neighborhood Resources/Housing Resources7447 E. Indian School RoadScottsdale, AZ 85251480-312-2319