Translation to English by                                         Finpro ry / China Pulp and                              ...
Translation to English by                                                                                              Fin...
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Twelfth Five-Year Development Plan of Paper Industry
Twelfth Five-Year Development Plan of Paper Industry
Twelfth Five-Year Development Plan of Paper Industry
Twelfth Five-Year Development Plan of Paper Industry
Twelfth Five-Year Development Plan of Paper Industry
Twelfth Five-Year Development Plan of Paper Industry
Twelfth Five-Year Development Plan of Paper Industry
Twelfth Five-Year Development Plan of Paper Industry
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Twelfth Five-Year Development Plan of Paper Industry

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Twelfth Five-Year Development Plan of Paper Industry

  1. 1. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and Paper Modernization Project. Twelfth Five-Year Development Plan of Paper IndustryNational Development and Reform CommissionMinistry of Industry and Information Technology State Forestry Administration December 2011
  2. 2. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 2 (43) Paper Modernization Project.TWELFTH FIVE-YEAR DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF PAPER INDUSTRY .......................................... 1I. REVIEW OF THE ELEVENTH FIVE-YEAR PLAN .............................................................................. 4 (I) MAIN ACHIEVEMENTS ............................................................................................................................. 4 (II) EXISTING PROBLEMS ................................................................................................................................ 7II. DEVELOPMENT SITUATION ................................................................................................................ 9 (I) WORLD PAPER INDUSTRY .......................................................................................................................... 9 (II) CHINA PAPER INDUSTRY ........................................................................................................................ 11III. GUIDING IDEOLOGY, BASIC PRINCIPLES AND DEVELOPMENT GOALS........................... 13 (I) GUIDING IDEOLOGY ................................................................................................................................. 13 (II) BASIC PRINCIPLES .................................................................................................................................. 14 (III) DEVELOPMENT GOALS .......................................................................................................................... 15IV. MAIN TASKS .......................................................................................................................................... 17 (I) IMPROVE RAW MATERIAL STRUCTURE, INCREASE DOMESTIC SUPPLY ...................................................... 17 (II) HEIGHTEN INNOVATION ABILITY, ENHANCE TECHNICAL LEVEL ............................................................. 19 (III) OPTIMIZE INDUSTRIAL LAYOUT, REALIZE RATIONAL RESOURCE ALLOCATION ...................................... 23 (IV) PUSH FORWARD CLEAN PRODUCTION, PROTECT ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT ...................................... 26 (V) OPTIMIZE CORPORATE STRUCTURE, PROMOTE MERGER AND REORGANIZATION .................................... 29 (VI) REGULATE PRODUCT STRUCTURE, IMPROVE PRODUCT QUALITY .......................................................... 31 (VII) SET UP SAVING MODE, ADVOCATE RATIONAL CONSUMPTION .............................................................. 32V. KEY PROJECTS ...................................................................................................................................... 33 (I) FORESTRY-PAPER INTEGRATION PROJECT................................................................................................ 34 (II) CLEAN PRODUCTION AND RESOURCE UTILIZATION ENGINEERING .......................................................... 35 (III) UPGRADING AND UPDATING OF PRODUCTS AND INDEPENDENT INNOVATION OF EQUIPMENT ................ 37VI. POLICIES AND MEASURES................................................................................................................ 39 (I) STRENGTHEN POLICY SUPPORT, PROMOTE FORESTRY-PAPER INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT ..................... 39 (II) ENCOURAGE INDEPENDENT RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, DEVELOP DOMESTIC EQUIPMENT .............. 39 (III) PERFECT INCENTIVE POLICY, PROMOTE ENERGY SAVING AND EMISSION REDUCTION ........................... 39 (IV) PROMOTE WASTE PAPER RECYCLING, GUIDE GREEN CONSUMPTION ..................................................... 40 (V) ESTABLISH AND REVISE RELEVANT STANDARDS, PERFECT STANDARD SYSTEM ..................................... 40 (VI) PERFECT FOREIGN CAPITAL POLICY, GUIDE INVESTMENT DIRECTION ................................................... 40 (VII) RENDER GREAT SUPPORT, PROMOTE OVERSEAS INVESTMENT ............................................................. 41 (VIII) INCREASE INVESTMENT, EXPAND FINANCING CHANNEL ..................................................................... 41 (IX)ESTABLISH PERFECT SYSTEM, COPE WITH TRADE FRICTION ................................................................... 41 (X) GIVE FULL PLAY TO MEDIATING ROLE, PUSH FORWARD THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PLAN ................ 42VII. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE TWELFTH FIVE-YEAR PLAN .................................................... 42CHINA PULP AND PAPER MODERNIZATION PROJECT SUMMARY ........................................... 43 2
  3. 3. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and Paper Modernization Project.Paper industry is closely bound up with national economic developmentand social civilization, paper and paper board consumption level is animportant yardstick for a nation’s degree of modernization andcivilization. Ever since the implementation of the National Special Planof the Forest-Paper Integration Project Construction in “the Tenth FiveYears” and 2010, along with the large-scale reutilization of waste paper,the paper industry uses waste paper primarily and other renewableresources auxiliarily, such as wood, bamboo, reed, stalk, etc. as rawmaterials, through clean production, realizes the resource-production-consumption-resource recycling benign circulation, becomes animportant fundamental raw material industry and a new economicgrowth point with the distinguishing features of circular economy. Thepaper industry is capital and technology-intensive, creates considerablescale effect, has large market capacity and great development potential,features largely in high industry association, and plays an important rolein driving the development of the related industries, such as forestry,agriculture, environmental protection, printing, packaging, chemicalindustry, mechanical manufacture, automatic control, traffic, etc.China is placed in the first position for the production and consumptionof paper and paper board. Along with the material regulation of worldeconomic pattern and the obvious accelerated transformation of Chineseeconomic society, China paper industry faces the increasinglyaggravating restrictions of resource, energy and environment, and it isan urgent need to accelerate structural readjustment. In order to maketraditional paper industry smoothly transform to modern paper industryfeaturing largely in sustainable development and guide the healthydevelopment of paper industry during the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan”period, in accordance with the Twelfth Five-Year Plan for NationalEconomic and Social Development of the People’s Republic of China,the Twelfth Five-Year Development Plan of Paper industry is herebyestablished. 3
  4. 4. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 4 (43) Paper Modernization Project.I. Review of the Eleventh Five-Year Plan(I) Main achievements1. Production maintains steady growth, operating quality is obviouslyheightened. In 2010, the output of paper and paper board is 92,700,000t,increased by 65.5% than 2005, with annual average growth rate of10.6%; the consumption is 91,730,000t, increased by 54.7% than 2005,with annual average growth rate of 9.1%. Paper industry developsrapidly, the above-scale enterprises’ gross industrial output value ofpaper and paper board increases from RMB 262.2 billion yuan to RMB585.0 billion yuan, increased by 123.1%, with annual average growthrate of 17.4%; the total tax and profit payment increases from RMB 22.5billion to RMB 50.0 billion yuan, increased by 122.2%. The overalllabor productivity rises from 73.4t/person/year to 125.7t/person/year,increased by 71.3%. Presently, China’s per capita paper and paper boardconsumption is 68kg, which is higher than the world average.2. Forestry-paper integration is fruitful, raw material structure issomewhat improved. Ever since the National Special Plan of the Forest-Paper Integration Project Construction in “the Tenth Five Years” and2010 was implemented in 2000, the whole society has reached acommon recognition that forestry-paper integration is a successfulpractice of China paper industry for the development of circulareconomy and the implementation of scientific development view. Byfully utilizing domestic and foreign resources, we have energeticallypushed forward the forestry-paper integration project construction,strengthened the domestic reutilization of waste paper and shut downthe outdated straw pulp production line, heightened domestic wood pulpand waste paper supply capability, and improved the raw materialstructure. The consumption of wood pulp increases from 11,300,000t in2005 to 18,590,000t in 2010, accounting for 22.0% of the total pulpconsumption, specifically, the consumption of homemade wood pulpincreases from 3,710,000t to 7,080,000t, the proportion rises from 7.1%to 8.4%; the consumption of waste pulp increases from 28,100,000t to53,050,000t, the proportion rises from 54.0% to 62.7%, among whichthe proportion of domestic waste pulp rises from 27.8% to 38.0%; the 4
  5. 5. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 5 (43) Paper Modernization Project.non-wood pulp consumption basically maintains stable, the proportiondrops from 24.3% to 15.3%.3. Introduction and innovation are perfectly combined, technicalequipment level is heightened. China paper industry combines theimported technical equipment with independent innovation andcontributes to some large-scale projects with high technical startingpoint and advanced equipment. Over 140 sets of 100,000t/a and abovediversified high and medium grade paper machines and paper boardmachines are increased, 34,000,000t advanced capacity is newlyformed, lots of excellent enterprises take the lead in completing thetransformation from traditional paper industry to modern paper industry,China has edged into the advanced ranks in the world.Domestic pulp and paper equipment manufacturing enterprises, throughindependent innovation and the introduction, digestion and absorption ofadvanced technology, have successfully developed some high and newtechnologies and equipment with independent intellectual property, forexample, 100,000t/a~150,000t/a bleached kraft wood (bamboo) pulp andalkali recovery plant; 150,000t/a~200,000t/awaste paper pulp completeequipment; 100,000t/a and below diversified fine paper machines,200,000t/a~300,000t/a paper and paper board machines, etc. Meanwhile,some state-level key paper laboratories, engineering research centers andenterprise technology centers are established, which can guide, supportand drive the structural readjustment, upgrading and updating of Chinapaper industry.4. Product structure is somewhat optimized, market supply and demandis basically balanced. By strengthening technical research anddevelopment and improving process technique and equipment, the paperand paper board product structure adapts to the consumption demand ina better way and changes from quantity type to quality type, from fewvariety to great variety. The supply capability of high grade paper andpaper board is boosted; in particular, the newsprint paper, coatedprinting paper, white carton board, tissue paper, etc. can meet domesticmarket demand, it provides the sufficient supply of high grade paper andpaper board and offers a satisfactory solution for the contradictionbetween supply and demand. The net import of paper and paper board is3,300,000t in 2005, but the net export of paper and paper board is970,000t in 2010. The productive ratio of high grade products changes 5
  6. 6. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 6 (43) Paper Modernization Project.from 20% to 37%, the product quality of individual variety likenewsprint paper, copper printing paper, etc. reaches the world advancedlevel.5. Industry layout tends to be reasonable, general pattern is basicallyformed. Along with the regulation of the national and regional policieson the raw materials for paper industry, the paper industry graduallydevelops from north to south as a whole. In the north of the YangtzeRiver, the proportion of paper and paper board output in the nationaltotal drops from 43.3% in 2005 to 37.4% in 2010; in the south of theYangtze River, the proportion rises from 56.7% to 62.6%. In the eastern,central and western regions, the layout pattern is relatively stable, theeastern region’s output accounts for over 70% of the national total; thecentral region’s output accounts for approximately 20% of the nationaltotal; the western region’s output accounts for less than 10% of thenational total. Th e n u mb e r o f k e y p ro v in c es (r eg io n s , citi es )w h o s e an n u al o u tp u t e x c e ed s 1 ,0 0 0 ,0 0 0 t in cr e as es fro m 1 1in 2 0 0 5 to 1 4 i n 2 0 1 0 , th e o u tp u t o f th es e p ro v in c es(r eg io n s, ci ti es) a c c o u n ts fo r 9 1 . * % o f th e n atio n al to t a l.6. Corporate reorganization is accelerated, industrial concentration isheightened. The nationwide cross-regional merger and integration ofmany powerful enterprises promotes the evolvement of paperenterprises in the direction of group and scale development. A lot ofmodern paper enterprises with advanced production equipment, goodcredit and strong competitive power stand out. The paper industryorganization structure is continually optimized. During the “EleventhFive-Year Plan” period, the total output of the paper enterprises whoseannual output of paper and paper board exceeds 1,000,000t increasesfrom 7,910,000t to 26,740,000t, the proportion rises from 14.1% to28.8% in the national total; the proportion of the output of 30 leadingenterprises rises from 32.9% to 42.3%.7. Pollution control is effective, resource consumption is greatlyreduced. During the “Eleventh Five-Year Plan” period, China paperindustry has made great efforts in environmental governance,practically put into practice the measures for energy saving andemission reduction, and focused on the comprehensive control of thestraw pulp production enterprises and the paper enterprises in majorpollution sources and key water basins. More than 2,000 pulp and paper 6
  7. 7. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 7 (43) Paper Modernization Project.enterprises are closed down, over 10,000,000t outdated capacity iswashed out. The chemical oxygen demand (COD) discharge amount ofthe major pollutants in the wastewater arising from papermaking is952,000t in 2010 and 1,596,000t in 2005, decreased by 40.4%. Theemission intensity drops from 0.069t to 0.018t per 10,000 yuanproduction value, decreased by 73.9%. During the “Eleventh Five-YearPlan” period, the mean comprehensive energy consumption (standardcoal) per ton pulp drops from 0.55t to 0.45t; the mean comprehensiveenergy consumption (standard coal) per ton paper and paper board dropsfrom 0.83t to 0.68t; the quantity of water intake per ton pulp, paper andpaper board drops from 103m3 to 85m3; the average consumption ofvirgin pulp per ton paper and paper board drops from 427kg to 340kg.The completed advanced capacity’s quality, consumption quota,pollutant emission load reach the world advanced level.8. Policies, laws and regulations are basically perfect, the developmentenvironment is continually improving. During the “Eleventh Five-YearPlan” period, the development environment construction of China paperindustry is obviously accelerated, the related laws, regulations, laws andstandards are gradually perfected and play an important role in forminga favorable environment for the development of modern paper industry.The associated regulations and policies are issued in succession, such asthe National Special Plan of the Forest-Paper Integration ProjectConstruction in “the Tenth Five Years” and 2010, Paper industryDevelopment Policy, Catalogue for the Guidance of Industrial StructureAdjustment (version 2005), Catalogue for the Guidance of ForeignInvestment Industries (revised in 2007), Adjustment and RevitalizationPlan for Light Industry, the access condition of paper industry aretightened, the industrial development becomes more standard; theexecution of Policy Outline of China Energy Conservation Technologyand the Discharge Standard of Water Pollutants for Pulp and PaperIndustry (GB3544-2008) make enterprises attach great importance toenergy saving reconstruction and pollution control.(II) Existing problems1. There is a contradiction between the supply and demand of rawmaterial. As the raw material forestry base construction is very slow inChina and the raw material is in short supply, the non-wood pulpdevelopment is under the influence of the backward development of the 7
  8. 8. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 8 (43) Paper Modernization Project.new technology for clean production, plus the low recovery rate ofdomestic waste paper, the self-sufficiency rate of the paper fibre rawmaterial can hardly be heightened, the contradiction between supply anddemand becomes increasingly serious. The import volume of wood pulpis 11,370,000t in 2010 and 7,590,000t in 2005, increased by 49.8%; theimport volume of waste paper is 24,350,000t in 2010 and 17,030,000t in2005, increased by 43%, China paper industry’s degree of dependenceupon imported fibre raw material is still over 40%.2. The independent innovation ability is not strong. China paper industrylacks the independent innovation ability, the industry, university andresearch institute have not yet formed an organic integrity, greaterefforts must be made in reinnovation after the introduction, digestionand absorption of advanced technology, China lacks the industrialoutstanding achievements with independent innovation in regard to thedevelopment of new techniques, new equipment and new products. A lotof key equipment basically relies on import, such as the large cooking,screening and bleaching equipment, the high yield pulp plant, the high-speed head box, shoe press, calendaring machine, rewinder, etc.3. Energy saving and emission reduction is a hard task. In China paperindustry, the outdated capacity still accounts for approximately 35%, theconsumption of material, water and energy is very high, it is the mainsource of pollution of paper industry, the discharge amount of chemicaloxygen demand (COD) accounts for 47% of the whole industry’s totalemission, there is a big gap between domestic outdated capacity andworld advanced level in the product quality, material consumption andpollution load, it cannot reach the Discharge Standard of WaterPollutants for Pulp and Paper Industry (GB3544-2008), it is an urgentneed to accelerate the reconstruction of outdated capacity or eliminatethe outdated capacity.4. The size of business is still small. In China paper industry, the largeenterprise groups and backbone enterprises with internationalcompetitive power are just in small quantities, the influential power anddriving force of these enterprises is to be boosted, there are a greatnumber of small weak enterprises, and the scale effect of the wholeindustry is not remarkable. The above-scale paper enterprises’ grosssales are only equal to the gross sales of the world’s top 4 enterprises. In2010, there are 3,724 above-scale paper enterprises in China, 8
  9. 9. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 9 (43) Paper Modernization Project.specifically, there are 33 large paper enterprises, accounting for 0.89%;there are 388 medium-sized enterprises, accounting for 10.42%; thereare 3,303 small enterprises, accounting for 88.69%. It is necessary tochange the present situation of China paper industry that is small-scaleand scattered.II. Development Situation(I) World paper industryDuring the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, the worldwidereadjustment of the industrial structure and the international division oflabor proceeds smoothly, there is a profound change in the developmentpattern of world paper industry, the industry structural readjustment andtransfer is further accelerated, the emerging economies will give fullplay to the late-mover advantage, realize the span development andbecome a main growth point in the world paper industry. Owning to therestrictions of resource, environment, effect, etc., the paper industryaccelerates technical progress, achieves sustainable development in thedirection of the high efficiency, high quality, high profit, lowconsumption, low pollution, low emission modern great industry, andfeatures largely in large business scale, integrated technology,multifunctional products, clean production, resource conservation,environmental protection and low carbon, forestry-paper integration,management informatization, industrial globalization and greendevelopment.1. The gravity center of world paper industry development continues tomove towards the emerging economies. In the developed countries andregions, the paper industry enters into the steady development stage. Inthe developing countries and regions, thanks to the swift economicgrowth, the paper industry develops rapidly. The emerging economieslike China, India, Brazil, Russia, etc. are becoming a main power for thegrowth of world paper industry, China ranks the first for the output ofpaper and paper board in the world, but China still has a greatdevelopment space in the field of structural readjustment, technicalupgrading, energy saving and emission reduction. For this reason, a lotof the world’s top-ranking pulp and paper transnational companies turntheir gaze upon the developing countries, such as China, Brazil, 9
  10. 10. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 10 (43) Paper Modernization Project.Indonesia, etc. There will be a keen competition for resource, market andpersonnel in the future paper industry.2. Papermaking raw material will be the focus of all countries. Afteryears of continuous development, the international transnational papercompanies have formed the forestry-paper integrated development modeand will attach more importance to the supply of papermaking rawmaterial due to the tension of resource supply. In recent years, theinternational transnational paper companies have tried to control theforest land resource, cultivated the raw material forest base and built thewood pulp plant by all means in the countries and regions with abundantforest resource, such as Brazil, Chile, Indonesia, etc. Nearly all countriespay more attention to the reutilization of domestic waste paper resource.The world’s total waste paper recovery quantity increases from 182.6million tons in 2005 to 223.4 million tons in 2010; the world’s totalwaste paper recovery rate rises from in 2005 to 56.6% in 2010. Therecovery rate universally exceeds 60% in the developed countries, it isover 80% in Korea and Germany, it is 43.8% in China, which is lowerthan the world average.3. The path of green and low carbon guides the sustainable developmentof the world paper industry. Through the effective measures, forexample, realize the reutilization of waste paper, apply the forest-paperintegration and adopt the energy saving and emission reductiontechnology, the world paper industry achieves the raw material-pulp andpaper-raw material regeneration benign circulation and steps in thedevelopment way of green and low carbon. The large-scale reutilizationof waste paper is helpful for saving the forest resource; the forestry-paper integrated development helps to substantially heighten theproductive force of forest land, improve local ecological environment,achieve an obvious effect of carbon sequestration and realize thecoordinated development of paper, forestry and ecology; the use of largepulp and paper plant and the comprehensive improvement of technologyfrom tree planting to pollution control make the energy consumption,material consumption and pollutant discharge reach a low level. Thepaper industry has a potential for low carbon, green, circulardevelopment, and it still has exuberant vital force and greatdevelopment prospect in the global economic development. 10
  11. 11. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 11 (43) Paper Modernization Project.4. The world large pulp and paper equipment supply is still in themonopoly situation. Over the years, the world’s a few pulp and paperequipment suppliers has basically monopolized the supply of large pulpand paper plant by relying upon their brand advantage, research anddevelopment capability, precision manufacturing ability, capital strengthand market expansion ability. This situation can hardly be changedwithin a short time. Presently, China has become a main market of pulpand paper plant in the world, but the large pulp and paper plant stillrelies heavily upon import, it results in the high cost of investment andimpedes numerous small and medium-sized pulp and paper enterprisesto apply the large production plant, China must further heighten theindependence degree of pulp and paper plant.(II) China paper industryDuring the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, China enters into a criticalperiod for building a well-off society in an all-round way and also animportant historical period for deepening reform and opening up andaccelerating the transformation of economic development mode. Themain highlights of economic transformation are achieving the in-depthdevelopment of industrialization, informatization, urbanization, marketdevelopment, internationalization and building the resourceconservation, environmentally friendly society. China paper industryneeds to change the development mode, accelerate the industrystructural readjustment and move towards the road of green sustainabledevelopment.1. China paper industry needs to change the development mode. Duringthe “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, China is still in the accelerationstage for industrialization and urbanization, along with the steadygrowth of per capita personal income and the upgrade of consumptionstructure, China paper industry has a certain development space; theelimination of outdated capacity also creates a condition for theapplication of new technology, the development of new product and theexpansion of new market. Currently, China paper industry has changedfrom “quantity-leading type” to the new stage of “quality and benefit-leading type” with more reasonable structure, more reliable quality andmore advanced technical level. 11
  12. 12. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 12 (43) Paper Modernization Project.2. The restrictions of resource, energy and environment becomeincreasingly serious. Presently, China paper industry development modeof swift expansion faces the dual restrictions of resource andenvironment, implementing the sustainable development strategy andbuilding the resource conservation, environmentally friendly paperindustry is imperative under the situation. We must abide by the Outlineof the Twelfth Five-Year Plan on National Economic and SocialDevelopment, strictly control the total quantum of paper industry,appropriately reduce the development speed; actively disseminate theenergy conservation, water saving, consumption reduction technologyand equipment, strengthen resource conservation and management;tighten the pollutant discharge reduction and governance, pay greatattention to environmental protection; on the basis of the principle of“decrement, reutilization, resource”, energetically develop the circulareconomy.3. Accelerate the industry structural readjustment. Along with the in-depth development of industrialization, informatization, urbanization,market development and internationalization and the acceleratedtransformation of economic structure, the problem of the unreasonablepaper industry structure becomes increasingly serious, it is an urgentneed to heighten the raw material guaranty level by optimizing the rawmaterial structure; optimize the product structure, make productsdevelop towards low carbon, multifunction, environmental protectionand high quality, enhance the effective supply level; optimize thecorporate structure, elevate the concentration degree and competitivepower; optimize the technical structure, boost the independentinnovation ability, enhance the overall technical equipment level;optimize industrial layout, realize rational resource allocation, pushforward the coordinated development of paper industry in an all-aroundway. Figure 1 China Paper Industry Demand for Papermaking Raw Material Unit: 10,000t / 10,000m 2010 2015 (Predicted Value)Consumption of paper 9173 11470and paper board 12
  13. 13. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 13 (43) Paper Modernization Project.Production of paper and 9270 11600paper boardAnnual total consumption 8461 10457of pulpIn annual total pulp Consumption Pulp Proportion Consumption Pulp Proportionconsumption: of raw ouput (%) of raw ouput (%) material material1. Wood pulp 1859 22.0 2541 24.3Specifically, domestic 2820 708 8.4 3770 1077 10.3wood pulpImported wood pulp 1151 13.6 1464 14.02. Waste paper pulp 6631 5305 62.7 8365 6692 64.0Specifically, domestic 4016 3213 38.0 5359 4287 41.0waste paper pulpImported waste paper 2615 2092 24.7 3006 2405 23.0pulp3. Non-wood pulp 3535 1297 15.3 3421 1224 11.7Specifically, reed 390 156 1.8 390 156 1.5(bulrush , silver grass )pulp Bamboo pulp 776 194 2.3 960 240 2.3 Bagasse pulp 293 117 1.4 293 117 1.1 Grass pulp 1798 719 8.5 1500 600 5.7 Other pulp 278 111 1.3 278 111 1.1III. Guiding Ideology, Basic Principles and Development Goals(I) Guiding ideologyAccording to the Outline of the Twelfth Five-Year Plan on NationalEconomic and Social Development, we shall implement the scientificdevelopment view in a deep-going way, stick to the new type industryroad, and hasten to transform the development mode. With the mainthread of structural readjustment and the goal of building technicalinnovation, resource conservation, environmentally friendly typemodern paper industry, we shall give full play to the paper industry’sdistinguishing features of green, low carbon and circulation, heightenthe independent innovation ability, save energy and protectenvironment, elevate the quality and benefit of growth, promote theindustrial optimization and upgrading, boost the international 13
  14. 14. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 14 (43) Paper Modernization Project.competitive power, make substantial steps during the course of thetransformation from papermaking major country to modernpapermaking powerful country.(II) Basic principles 1. Base itself upon domestic market demand, control the total scale ofpaper industry. Mainly satisfy the domestic market demand, make itsupplemented by the international market, reasonably control the totalquantum, and stabilize the domestic market supply. Strictly control therepetitive construction of the projects in relation to the paper varietywith excessive capacity, and guide the orderly market competition.2. Accelerate the development of forestry-paper integration, fullyutilize other resources. Actively utilize domestic and foreign resources,hasten to push forward the forestry-paper integration projectconstruction, heighten the proportion of wood fibre, expand thedomestic reutilization of waste paper, and realize the scientificreasonable utilization of non-wood fibre raw material.3. Boost the independent innovation ability, regulate and optimize theindustry structure. Combine independent research and development withthe technology introduction, digestion, absorption and reinnovation, andenhance the independence degree of technology and equipment.Encourage enterprises to carry out merger and acquisition, wash out theoutdated capacity, and heighten the international competitive power ofbackbone enterprises. Pay attention to the optimization of industriallayout, corporate organization structure and product structure, andrealize the industrial upgrading.4. Energetically develop the circular economy, tighten the ecologicalenvironmental protection. On the basis of the principles of “decrement,reutilization, resource” development, heighten the resource utilizationratio. Push forward the clean production, strictly control the dischargeof major pollutants, pay close attention to the comprehensive utilizationof “three wastes”, and minimize the environmental pollution.5. Advocate the idea of saving paper, take the initiative in green, lowcarbon consumption. Strengthen the public propaganda and policyguide, change the idea of producing and consuming the high brightnesspaper blindly, encourage the production and use of the recycled paper,unbleached paper and low brightness paper, guide the whole society to 14
  15. 15. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 15 (43) Paper Modernization Project.save paper, advocate the repeated use of paper, and refrain the excessivepackage.6. Stick to reform and opening up, fully utilize domestic and foreignresources. Make overall planning of domestic and foreign resources,actively implement the “go out” strategy, encourage and supportdomestic powerful enterprises to carry out merger and acquisitionoverseas, build the raw material forest base and the pulp and paperprojects, realize the reasonable utilization of foreign capital, andachieve the coordinated development of domestic capital and foreigncapital.(III) Development goals1. Achieve the steady growth of production and consumption. In 2015,it is estimated by the whole country’s total consumption of paper andpaper board is 114,700,000t, with annual average growth rate of 4.6%than 2010; the total production capacity of paper and paper board isabout 130,000,000t, the total output reaches 116,000,000t, with annualaverage growth rate of 4.6%.2. Continually improve the raw material structure. Hasten to form thepapermaking raw material structure that suites to the situation in China,primarily relies on waste paper fibre and wood fibre and issupplemented by the non-wood fibre. The proportion of wood pulp,non-wood pulp, waste paper pulp will be regulated from 22.0%, 15.3%,62.7% in 2010 to 24.3%, 11.7%, 64.0% in 2015. The proportion ofdomestic waste paper pulp will be elevated from 38.0% in 2010 to41.0% in 2015. The proportion of domestic wood pulp will be elevatedfrom 8.4% in 2010 to 10.3% in 2015.3. Continually optimize the product structure. Meet the effective marketdemand, and make regulation towards low quantity, multifunction, highquality and great variety. Push forward the development of paper andpaper board products in the direction of differentiation, serialization,light weighting and environmental protection in an all-around way,gradually form the paper product structure that has complete functionsand adapts to the polynary market demand at different levels.4. Continually boost the industry concentration. By 2015, there will bemore than 20 large comprehensive pulp and paper enterprise groupswhose annual output exceeds 1,000,000t, several enterprise groups will 15
  16. 16. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 16 (43) Paper Modernization Project.rank among the world’s top 100 paper enterprises for gross sales. Bystrengthening corporate reorganization and perfecting industrialorganization mode, we will gradually form the industrial organizationstructure with large enterprises as the head and the coordinateddevelopment of small and medium-sized enterprises.5. Gradually heighten the equipment level. Strengthen the constructionof independent innovation, establish more than 10 state-level enterprisetechnology centers. Boost the overall research and development level ofpaper industry production technology and equipment, enhance thedegree of independence of pulp and paper equipment from 30% to 50%,ensure the key backbone paper enterprises’ main pulp and papertechnology and equipment reaches the world advanced level, and makeindependently developed pulp and paper equipment approach the worldadvanced level.6. Continually reduce the resource consumption. By the end of 2015, themean water intake per ton pulp, paper and paper board will decrease to70m3 from 85m3 in 2010, reduced by 18%; the mean comprehensiveenergy consumption (standard coal) per ton pulp will decrease to 0.37tfrom 0.45t in 2010, reduced by 18%; the mean comprehensive energyconsumption (standard coal) per ton paper and paper board will decreaseto 0.53t from 0.68t in 2010, reduced by 22%.7. Obviously reduce the pollutant emission. By means of structuralemission reduction, engineering emission reduction and managementemission reduction, in 2015, the total discharge amount of chemicaloxygen demand (COD) of major pollutants will be reduced by 10% to12% than 2010, the total discharge amount of ammonia nitrogen will bereduced by 10% than 2010, the goal of yield increase and emissionreduction can be achieved.8. Achieve substantial results in the elimination of outdated capacity.During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, the whole country willeliminate over 10,000,000t outdated capacity. Figure 2 Main Indexes of Paper Industry During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” PeriodItem Index 2010 2015 Annual Attribute (Predicte Average d Value) Growth 16
  17. 17. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 17 (43) Paper Modernization Project. Rate (%)Total scale Total output of paper and paper 9270 11600 4.6 Anticipative board (unit: 10,000t) Total consumption of paper and 9173 11470 4.6 Anticipative paper board (unit: 10,000t)Fibre raw 1. Wood pulp (%) 22.0 24.3 / Anticipativematerial Specifically, domestic wood pulp 8.4 10.3 / (%) Imported wood pulp (%) 13.6 14.0 / 2. Waste paper pulp (%) 62.7 64.0 / Specifically, domestic waste paper 38.0 41.0 / pulp (%) Imported waste paper pulp (%) 24.7 23.0 / 3. Non-wood pulp (%) 15.3 11.7 /Resource The mean comprehensive energy 0.68 0.53 4.9 Restrictiveconsumption consumption (standard coal) per ton paper and paper board is reduced by 22%. The mean comprehensive energy 0.45 0.37 3.8 consumption (standard coal) per ton pulp is reduced by 18%. The mean water intake (m3) per 85 70 3.8 ton pulp, paper and paper board is reduced by 18%.Environmental Water Total discharge amount of In 2015, it is reduced by Restrictiveprotection pollut chemical oxygen demand 10% to 12% than 2010. ant (COD) Total discharge amount of In 2015, it is reduced by Restrictive ammonia nitrogen 10% than 2010.Elimination of Total outdated capacity Over 10,000,000t. RestrictiveoutdatedcapacityIV. Main tasks(I) Improve raw material structure, increase domestic supply1. Heighten the proportion of wood fibre. According to the actualsituation of China, during the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, theproportion of wood pulp will be elevated from 22.0% to 24.3%, theincreased quantity of wood pulp is about 7,000,000t, specifically, theproportion of domestic wood pulp will be elevated from 8.4% to 10.3%,and the increased quantity of domestic wood pulp is about 4,000,000t. 17
  18. 18. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 18 (43) Paper Modernization Project.The required wood fibre raw material relies on domestic and foreignresources. In China, we primarily adopt the policy of “broaden thesources of income and reduce expenditure”, strictly abide by theprinciple of protecting natural forest resource, and gradually makeforest base become the major raw material supplier for papermaking.Firstly, continue to push forward the forestry-paper integration projectconstruction, in the premise of not occupying farmland, not affectingfood safety and not destroying natural forest resource, strengthen theraw material base construction, promote the forest-paper integration,cultivate the excellent species, heighten the yield of forest land per unitarea, boost the ratio of enterprise controllable forest base, advocate thenew operation modes like “company + base + cooperation organization”and the “company-base-peasant household”, and boost the deliverabilityof the raw material base. During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period,first of all, continue to complete the goal of building 5,000,000ha forest(bamboo) raw material base in accordance with the National SpecialPlan of the Forest-Paper Integration Project Construction in “theTenth Five Years” and 2010; secondly, take full advantage of theintermediate cuttings, submarginal logs, processing residues and woodchips; thirdly, if possible, by regulating the present wood consumptionstructure, reduce the peasants’ self-used wood and fuel wood, increasethe ratio of industrial wood, expand the supply source of papermakingwood material. with regard to the utilization of foreign fibre resource,on the one hand, encourage domestic enterprises to develop forest treeresource or invest in building large forest-paper integration project andpapermaking raw material forest base; on the other hand, encourageenterprises to import forest products and wood chips from foreigncountries, build large commercial paper pulp and wood pulp projects atthe appropriate places in China.2. Advocate the recovery and reutilization of waste paper. During the“Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, the increased quantity of waste paperpulp will be approximately 14,000,000t. It is necessary to establish andperfect the domestic waste paper recovery system, lay down and perfectthe associated laws, regulations, standards and management provisions,form the large recovery enterprises, explore the domestic waste paperrecovery and reutilization development mode, standardize the wastepaper conduct, elevate the quality and quantity of domestic waste paper 18
  19. 19. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 19 (43) Paper Modernization Project.recovery, boost the domestic effective deliverability of waste paper,make domestic recovery rate of waste paper rise from 43.8% to 46.7%,fully utilize the overseas waste paper resource, make China’s wastepaper utilization ratio rise from 71.5% to 72.1%.3. Realize the scientific and rational utilization of non-wood fibre.Utilize the non-wood resource scientifically and rationally, apply thenew technology involved with clean production, make great efforts inenergy saving, emission reduction and comprehensive utilization,improve the quality of non-wood fibre, relieve the contradictionbetween supply and demand of fibre resource in China and thedependence upon imported wood fibre and waste paper, and optimizethe papermaking raw material structure. On the basis of the principle ofadjusting measures to local conditions and realizing rational utilization,fully utilize the non-wood resources, including bamboo, reed,agricultural wastes like stalk, bagasse, etc., expedite the integration andregulation of the existing enterprises’ non-wood pulp resource, wash outthe outdated production capacity, and attach great importance to largescale and high quality. During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, thetotal quantity of non-wood fibre will be over 12,000,000t.(II) Heighten innovation ability, enhance technical level1. Research and develop the low consumption, less pollution, highquality, high efficiency pulp and paper production technology.Lay special stress on the research and development of the advancedtechnologies below: the clean and high efficiency pulp productiontechnology, the technology for comprehensive utilization ofpapermaking fibre resource, the waste liquid comprehensive utilizationtechnology; the energy conservation, water saving, emission reduction,clean production technology for the production process; the waste water,exhaust gas, solid waste decrement and resource utilization technology;the high performance paper base functional new material, special paperand paper board production technology; the high efficiencypapermaking chemicals and application technology; the biologicaltechnology for pulp and paper production; the technology for themanufacturing of key pulp and paper production equipment anddehydrator; the full-automatic control technology and the industrial 19
  20. 20. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 20 (43) Paper Modernization Project.informatization technology and so on. Establish the pulp and papertechnical innovation alliance.2. Research and develop the advanced suitable equipment withindependent intellectural property. Catch up with the internationalfrontier technology, attach importance to the research and developmentof key technical equipment, combine independent innovation withintroduction, digestion, absorption and reinnovation, lay special stresson the integration and innovation of the industrial technology and thecomplete equipment system, expedite the research, development andindustrialization of the industrial key, generic technology andequipment, try to solve the technical bottleneck that refrains thedevelopment of China paper industry, and enhance the overalltechnology and equipment level of China paper industry and equipmentmanufacture industry.3. Heighten the ability to make technical innovation. Set up the research,development, design, manufacture integration platform, heighten theability to carry out the research, development and integration of thecomplete set of equipment. Strengthen the construction of the scientificand technological fundamental ability and the innovation servicesupport system for paper industry, give full play to the nationalengineering (technology) research center, national key laboratory,national engineering laboratory and the technology center of largebackbone pulp and paper enterprise and equipment manufacturingenterprise. Set up the information network, establish the medium high-speed fine paper machine demonstration project and the pulp and paperproduction equipment innovation alliance, perfect the producttechnology standard, try to form the technical innovation system that isbased on enterprise, market oriented and combines industry withuniversity and research institute. Support the transnational paperenterprises and equipment manufacturing enterprises to set up thetechnical research and development institutions in China by means ofjoint investment or cooperation, such as the research and developmentcenter, the training center, etc., encourage the joint development of newtechnology and new equipment, heighten China’s research anddevelopment level of the technology and equipment for paper industry.Encourage domestic enterprises to participate in foreign technicalresearch and development and accept the technology transfer. 20
  21. 21. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 21 (43) Paper Modernization Project.4. Energetically push forward the integration of informatization andindustrialization. Utilize information technology to enhance thetraditional paper industry. Stick to the principle of drivingindustrialization via informatization and promoting informatization viaindustrialization, further help enterprises to execute and enhance theintelligence level of production equipment, the automation level ofproduction process and the informatization of corporate management inan all-around way. Through information technology, realize thesystematic integration of the enterprise’s internal information resources,such as product research, development, design and productionmanagement, quality management, financial management, marketingmanagement, logistics and distribution, energy saving and emissionreduction, project management and human resource, etc., try to reducethe operation cost of each unit as much as possible, heighten theefficiency of management. If possible, tighten the enterprise resourceplanning (ERP), the supply chain management (SCM), the customerresource management (CRM) and the e-commerce informatizationconstruction, and enhance the enterprise’s informatization managementlevel by all means.5. Optimize the human resource structure, build the high qualitypersonnel team. Actively give full play to the higher educationinstitutions, scientific research institutions and enterprises in the field ofthe cultivation of professional talented people, assume commonresponsibility for personnel team construction. Firstly, center on theenhancement of independent innovation ability, foster the high-levelresearch and development personnel, the engineering personnel withhigh technical skills and the top management personnel. Secondly, adaptto the basic requirement of modern paper industry, tighten the secondaryeducation and staff training, and foster the firstline skilled operators andtechnicians. Thirdly, further optimize the knowledge structure ofprofessionals, and gradually form a high quality staff team. 21
  22. 22. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 22 (43) Paper Modernization Project.Figure 3 Technology and Equipment Research, Development and Application During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” Period Encourage Restrain Eliminate* Extended delignification, low energy consumption intermittent cooking or * Spherical * Application of chlorine bleaching technology in new projects.continuous cooking, oxygen delignification, element chlorine free (ECF) boiler withbleaching and totally chlorine free (TCF) bleaching technologies and capacityequipment for chemical pulping. below 40m3.* Develop the low energy consumption, high yield pulp production * Limetechnology and equipment. process for* Develop the high efficiency waste paper deinking technology and pulpingequipment. (except for* Develop the production technology of stalk unbleached paper pulp and rice paper).products.* Develop the technology and equipment concerned with the recovery of thewaste heat arising from cooking; the recovery of the waste heat arising from * Fine paperthe evaporation station’s secondary steam; the enhancement of dryness of machine withlime sludge, the reduction of energy consumption for lime sludge breadth belowcombustion; the high efficiency, energy saving heat pump; the paper 1.76m andmachine with new type dehydrator, wide hip press, fully closed gas shield velocity belowand heat recovery system, etc. 120m/min.* Develop the technology and equipment concerned with the wet methodmaterial preparation wash water circulation system, the pulping backflushmedium-concentration closed screening system, the high and mediumconcentration bleaching, the reclamation of paper machine’s white water, theclassification and reclamation of the recovery and evaporation plant’scontaminated condensate, etc.* Develop the technology and equipment concerned with crystallization and * Paper boardevaporation, non-metallic element removing and black liquor viscosity machine withreduction. breadth belowApply the combined thermal power generation for the alkali furnace, boiler 2m andand self-supply power plant to heighten the utilization ratio of energy. velocity below* Develop the technology and equipment concerned with the anaerobic 80m/min.treatment of high concentration wastewater and the utilization of marsh gas.* Develop and apply the sewage deep processing technology and perfect themonitoring system.* Develop and apply sludge drying, solid waste treatment and biomassresource utilization technology and equipment.* Adopt the informatization and computer full automatic control technologyfor the pulp and paper production process. 22
  23. 23. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 23 (43) Paper Modernization Project.Figure 4 Independent Research and Development of Pulp and Paper Equipment During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” Period1 100,000t/a~200,000t/a non-wood pulp equipment2 100,000t/a~150,000t/a high yield chemical-mechanic pulp key equipment3 200,000t/a~300,000t/a waste paper pulp complete equipment4 100,000t/a~150,000t/a waste paper deinked pulp equipment5 Element chlorine free (ECF) or totally chlorine free (TCF) pulp bleaching device6 Over 1000m/min high-speed toilet paper machine7 Over 1200m/min large and medium fine paper machine8 Key equipment, such as head box, shoe press, calendaring machine, coating machine, high-speed rewinder, etc.9 Water and energy saving, environmental protection equipment(III) Optimize industrial layout, realize rational resource allocationRegulate the industrial layout according to the general requirements ofnational functional area planning, comply with the principle of agelongresource utilization and ecological environmental protection, take intoaccount the different regions’ bearing capacity of resource environment,present development intensity and future development potential, meetthe requirement of environmental protection and resource conservation,rationally develop the raw material forest base, achieve the coordinateddevelopment of economy, environment and society. The new andexpanded pulp and paper production projects are prohibited in the keyenvironmental protection zone, the key ecological functional zone andthe places of severe water shortage.1. Middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. The middle andlower reaches of the Yangtze River, including 7 provinces (cities), i.e.Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Jiangxi, Hubei and Hainan, is thebiggest producing area of paper in China. Its paper and paper boardoutput accounts for approximately 37% of the national total. It has richwater resource, but the problems of water pollution, eutrophication oflakes, etc. are very serious. During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period,in order to promote the development of the local paper industry, weshall pay equal attention to pollution control and water saving, andstrictly control the total emission of major pollutants. Utilize thefavorable conditions for developing the fast-growing and high yieldforest in Hunan, Hubei, Jiangxi and the southern area of Anhui, continueto push forward the forest-paper integrated development. The Yangtze 23
  24. 24. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 24 (43) Paper Modernization Project.River Delta region has unique advantage and developed paper industrybase, so it is strongly recommended to utilize the imported wood pulpand domestic waste paper and build the production base for fine paper,packaging paper board and special paper. Owning to the intensivelayout, small business scale and limited environment capacity at someplaces in this region, control the development strength and makeregulation and integration, expedite the elimination of outdated capacity,enhance the product quality and grade, and promote the industrialupgrading and updating.2. Yellow River, Huaihe River and Haihe River region. The YellowRiver, Huaihe River and Haihe River region, including 6 provinces(cities), i.e. Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, Shandong and Henan, is thesecond biggest producing area of paper in China. Its paper outputaccounts for approximately 30% of the national total. Specifically, thepaper output of Shandong, Henan and Hebei accounts for 29% of thenational total, the industrial layout is rather intensive, these threeprovinces are the main producing area of straw pulp, but owning to theshortage of water resource, the small environment capacity and the lackof high quality fibre resource, the industrial development is restricted, itis the key region for of industry structural readjustment. During the“Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, we shall make great efforts in theregional industry structural readjustment, pay equal attention toincrement control and stock optimization, gain increment by eliminatingoutdated capacity, tighten environmental monitoring and control, strictlycontrol the total consumption of water used for paper industry and thetotal emission of major pollutants. Regulate the raw material structureand enterprise layout, expedite the elimination of outdated capacity,appropriately develop the chemical mechanic wood pulp, and heightenthe utilization of commercial wood pulp and waste paper. Activelyresearch, develop and apply the stalk clean production technology, andregulate the straw pulp structure. On the basis of the existingadvantaged industrial layout, further segment the paper industry zoningand form the differentiated, distinctive new pattern. By relying on thekey backbone enterprises (groups), integrate the regional resource, anddrive the regional paper industry upgrading. Meanwhile, put in practicethe “go out” development strategy, seize the favorable investmentdevelopment opportunity in other regions and foreign countries, and 24
  25. 25. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 25 (43) Paper Modernization Project.fully utilize two kinds of resources and two markets. The new pulp andpaper production enterprises, in principle, will not be established in thisregion.3. Coastal area of South China. The coastal area of South China,including 4 provinces (cities), i.e. Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian andHainan, is the third biggest producing area of paper in China. Its paperoutput accounts for approximately 22% of the national total. This regionhas rich fibre resource and water resource as a whole. During the“Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, the local paper industry shall payequal attention to industry structural readjustment and pollution controland strictly control the total emission of major pollutants. Give fullyplay to the location advantage, by pushing forward the raw materialforest base construction and utilizing the overseas wood chips, developthe forest-paper integration base. In the Pearl River Delta region, weshall control the development intensity, utilize the commercial pulp andwaste paper for papermaking, further perfect the packaging paper boardproduction base, regulate the product structure, and change the unitaryproduct structure. Owning to the intensive industrial layout and smallbusiness scale at some places in this region, we shall expedite theintegration of existing enterprises, wash out the outdated capacity,strengthen the prevention and control of pollution, and promote theindustrial upgrading. In Guangxi, we shall fully utilize the local richbagasse resource to actively develop the local pulp and paper industry.4. Northeast China. The Northeast China, including 3 provinces, i.e.Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang, is the main area for the developmentof fast-growing and high yield forest in the North. Its paper outputaccounts for approximately 2% of the national total. This region has richland resource, certain fibre, water resource condition and paper industrybase, we shall fully utilize the policies for revitalizing the old industrialbases of the Northeast, appropriately develop the pulp and paperindustry at the places with favorable natural condition and waterresource condition, by relying on the large backbone pulp and paperenterprises, strengthen the integration of high quality resource and thetechnical transformation, expedite the elimination of outdated capacity.Fully utilize the foreign fibre resource, make improvement of the youngand middle-aged forest and build the fast-growing and high yield forestand reed base. 25
  26. 26. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 26 (43) Paper Modernization Project.5. Southwest China. The paper output of the Southwest China, including5 provinces (regions), i.e. Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan andTibet, accounts for approximately 6% of the national total. There arelots of mountains and plains. It has rich water resource and has a greatpotential for forest bamboo resource development, but there aredifficulties in development. In Sichuan and Chongqing, we shall focuson the development of bamboo resource, make rational planning andlayout, and develop the bamboo pulp business. In Guizhou and Yunnan,we can develop the wood pulp and bamboo pulp businesses with acertain scale and turn resource advantage into economic advantage.6. Northwest China. The paper output of the Northwest China, including6 provinces (cities), i.e. Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai ,Ningxia and Xinjiang, accounts for approximately 2% of the nationaltotal. It lies in the source of rivers, the ecological environment is veryweak in most places and it lacks the fibre and water resource, so it is notappropriate to develop paper industry. Through the merger andreorganization of backbone enterprises, this region shall graduallyeliminate the outdated capacity, make great efforts in energy saving,emission reduction and clean production.(IV) Push forward clean production, protect ecological environment1. Actively push forward energy saving and reduce consumption, realizethe high efficiency of resource utilization. Adhere to the principle of“pay equal attention to resource development and resource conservation,put resource conservation at the first place”, in the field of production,circulation and consumption, try to save all kinds of resources, realizethe recovery and reutilization of the wastes arising from each link to themaximum limit, create the most considerable economic benefit with theleast resource consumption. Firstly, strictly abide by the associated laws,regulations and standards, ensure the new projects, expansion projectsand technical transformation projects adopt the technologies andequipment and take the corresponding guarantee measures for resources,energy and land saving, achieve the purpose of the decrement during theproduction process. Secondly, enhance the whole industry’sconsciousness of saving and protecting water resource strictly abide bythe Law of the People’s Republic of China on Water, carry out the totalquantity control and quota management in an all-around way, forcefullydevelop and apply the new technology, new technique and new 26
  27. 27. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 27 (43) Paper Modernization Project.equipment concerned with water saving, strengthen the rationaldevelopment and utilization of water resource. Encourage the pulp andpaper enterprises to adopt the series connection water system and thecyclic water system during the production process, heighten the repeatedutilization ratio of water, and reduce the consumption of fresh water. Bythe end of the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, the mean water intakeper unit product will be reduced by 18% than 2010. Thirdly, make thepulp and paper enterprises actively adopt the mature suitable recoveryand reutilization technology, realize the comprehensive utilization andtreatment of the exhaust gas (excess pressure, excess heat), wasteresidue and waste solution arising from the production process, achievethe purpose of resource recovery. Fourthly, encourage the developmentof high yield paper pulp and the utilization of waste pulp forpapermaking, save the fibre resource. By the end of the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, the consumption of virgin pulp per ton paper andpaper board will be reduced to 324kg from 340kg in 2010. Fifthly, ifpossible, implement the paper industry circular economy demonstrationprojects, promote the comprehensive and cyclic utilization of resource,and develop the circular economy.2. Disseminate the clean production technology, strengthen pollutioncontrol. Actively apply the advanced, mature, applicable,environmentally friendly new technologies, new techniques and newequipment for the pulp and paper production. Extensively apply theadvanced technologies concerned with the low energy consumptioncooling, alkali recovery, closed screening, oxygen delignification,element chlorine free (ECF) bleaching, totally chlorine free (TCF)bleaching, the production of low brightness paper pulp and paperproducts, the production of unbleached pulp and paper products, etc.Focus on the prevention and control of water pollutants, giveconsideration to the treatment of exhaust gas and waste residue, adoptthe closed cycle water system, white water recovery, middle-stagewastewater multi-level biochemical treatment, flue gas high efficiencypurification, waste residue resource recovery technologies, heighten thelevel of comprehensive prevention and control, reduce the emission of“three wastes”. Through technical transformation, make existingenterprises to expedite the renewal of technical equipment, reduce the 27
  28. 28. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 28 (43) Paper Modernization Project.energy consumption per unit product and the pollutant dischargeamount, and enhance the level of clean production.3. Enhance the consciousness of environmental protection, tightensupervision and control. Firstly, attach importance to the propagandaand execution of relevant laws, regulations, standards and policies, suchas the Environmental Protection Law, Water and Soil ConservationLaw, Cleaner Production Promotion Law, Law on the Prevention andControl of Water Pollution, Paper industry Development Policy,Discharge Standard of Water Pollutants for Pulp and Paper Industry(GB3544-2008), etc., enhance the whole industry’s consciousness ofenvironmental protection and sense of social responsibility. Secondly,set up the supervisory management system with government as theguide, enterprise as the main body and society as the supervisor andcoordinator. Tighten supervision and management, strictly comply withthe environmental protection performance examination system, the lawenforcement system and the responsibility investigation system, activelyexecute the environment certification and environment labeling system,apply the clean production examination system, the environment qualitypublicizing system and the enterprise environmental protectioninformation disclosure system, urge the public to take part inenvironmental protection and supervise enterprises to practicallyimplement the environmental protection. Thirdly, establish the strictaccess conditions for paper industry, implement the environmentalimpact assessment system and the water and soil conservation plan ofconstruction projects, put into practice the “three-simultaneity” systemand the target responsibility system, prevent environmental pollutionand ecological damage from the source.4. Accelerate to eliminate outdated capacity, reduce production anddecrease drain. Focus on the structural readjustment and pollutioncontrol of paper industry in the key water basins and regions. Theexisting pulp and papermaking enterprises shall further step up efforts toeliminate the outdated techniques and equipment with serious pollution,tighten technical transformation, wash out the chemical pulp productionline below 51, 000t/a, the 34, 000t/a non-pulp production line and the 10,000t/a and below waste paper pulp production line, as well as the narrowamplitude, low velocity, high consumption, low level papermakingmachine. Forbid to adopt the lime process for pulping (except for rice 28
  29. 29. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 29 (43) Paper Modernization Project.paper), restrain the application of chlorine bleaching technology in newprojects (it must be gradually eliminated by the existing enterprises),prohibit the import of outdated secondhand pulp and papermakingequipment from foreign countries. Perfect the “three wastes” treatmentfacilities, strictly control the emission of pollutants. Rectify or shut downthe enterprises or production lines that still cannot reach the standardwithin a specified time limit according to the law. During the “TwelfthFive-Year Plan” period, continue to execute the industry withdrawalmechanism, regulate and clarify the elimination criterion, quantify theelimination index, and further strengthen elimination. Newly increase 3,000, 000t/d sewage treatment capacity, eliminate over 10, 000, 000tpaper and paper board outdated production capacity.5. Attach importance to the emission reduction of dioxin persistentorganic pollutants and ammonia nitrogen. In accordance with theNational Plan of the People’s Republic of China for the Execution ofStockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, makeimprovement in the emission reduction of the dioxin persistent organicpollutants from China paper industry. In terms of the requirements forthe limit value of ammonia nitrogen, total nitrogen, total phosphorus asprescribed in the Discharge Standard of Water Pollutants for Pulp andPaper Industry (GB3544-2008), strengthen the investigation andresearch on the nitrogen and phosphorous pollutants, find out the realsituation, take effective measures, focus on the upgrading of sewagetreatment plant, give prominence to the denitrification anddephosphorization function, further reduce the discharge of pollutantslike ammonia nitrogen.(V) Optimize corporate structure, promote merger and reorganization1. Foster the backbone enterprises. Based on the principle of thecombination of strength and voluntary union, integrate the paperindustry resource, push forward the corporate strategic reorganization,in the key development regions, view forest land resource as the coreelement, give priority to the key enterprises with regard to the relativelycentralized forest land resource, foster some backbone enterprises andmake them become stronger and bigger, support domestic enterprises toform the cross-regional, cross-industry, cross-ownership, transnationalcomprehensive large backbone pulp and paper enterprises and enterprisegroups with international competitive power by all means, such as 29
  30. 30. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 30 (43) Paper Modernization Project.merger, acquisition, combination, reorganization and “go out”, etc.,heighten the backbone enterprises’ ability of strategic management,resource operation, capital operation, product manufacture andmarketing service, and enhance their core competitive power.2. Guide small and medium-sized paper enterprises to develop in thedirection of being professional, exquisite, special and new. By executingthe horizontal combination and enterprise withdrawal mechanism,eliminate the outdated capacity, shut down the small enterprises thatcannot meet the discharge standard, and change the situation of the largenumber of enterprises, small scale of business and scattered layout.Guide small and medium-sized enterprises to be specialized in thesegment market, be exquisite in product quality, be distinctive inproduct variety and be innovative in product development.3. Regulate the business scale and structure. Meet the requirement ofappropriate economic scale, give full play to the scale effect, except forthe special varieties, such as tissue paper, special paper and paper board,etc., and restrict the minimum scale of new projects and expansionprojects. Try to heighten the industry concentration. By 2015, form morethan twenty 1,000,000t/a and above paper and paper board productionenterprises and three 1,000,000t/a and above wood pulp productionenterprises, boost the proportion of the top 30 enterprises’ paper andpaper board output in the total output and make it rise to 45.0% from42.3% at the present time. Figure 5 Minimum Scale of New Projects and Expansion Projects During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” Period New Project Expansion Project Elimination(I) Pulp1. Chemical wood pulp Single production line: Production line: belowThe single production line is 100,000t/a and above. 51,000t/a.300,000t/a and above.2. Mechano-chemical wood pulp Single production line:The single production line is 50,000t/a and above.100,000t/a and above.3. Chemical bamboo pulp Single production line: Single production line:The single production line is 50,000t/a and above. below 34,000t/a.100,000t/a and above. 30
  31. 31. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 31 (43) Paper Modernization Project.4. Non-wood fibre (stalk, reed, Single production line: Single production line:bagasse, etc.) 34,000t/a and above. below 34,000t/a.The single production line is100,000t/a and above.5. Waste paper pulp Single production line: Single production line:The single production line is 50,000t/a and above. 10,000t/a and below.100,000t/a and above.(II) Paper and paper board1. Newsprint paper Single production line: Single production line:New projects and expansion projects 100,000t/a and above. below 50,000t/a.are restricted.2. Fine paper Single production line: Fine paper production line:The single production line is 50,000t/a and above width 1.76m and below,100,000t/a and above The new (including copper print velocity below 120m/min.projects and expansion projects paper).concerning copper print paper arerestricted.3. Container board, white board Single production line: Container board, whiteThe single production line is 100,000t/a and above. board production line:300,000t/a and above. width 2m and below, velocity below 80m/min.4. Corrugated paper and other paper Single production line: Corrugated paperboard 50,000t/a and above. production line: width 2mThe single production line is and below, velocity below100,000t/a and above. 80m/min.5. Tissue paper, special paper and The minimum scale is /paper board not specified.The minimum scale is not specified.(VI) Regulate product structure, improve product quality1. Develop the light weight, functional paper and paper board newproducts. Increase the variety of paper and paper board, forcefullydevelop the special paper and paper board, form the new growth pointof paper industry. Lay special stress on the development of the lightweight uncoated and coated printing paper containing mechanical pulp,including the paper with excellent color printing property, such as finenewsprint paper, super-calendered paper, pigment paper, light weightcoated paper, film coated offset paper, machine finishing paper, etc.; theinformation, such as ink jet printing paper, thermal sensitive paper,duplicating paper, etc.; the food packaging paper and paper board, such 31
  32. 32. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 32 (43) Paper Modernization Project.as liquid packaging board, food special packaging paper, etc.; the lightweight, high strength corrugated paper and paper board, such as thecorrugated container board used for the protection and transportation ofsmall and heavy commodity; the special paper and paper board withdiversified functions and high technical content, which are used forhousehold, building material, electric appliances, industrial filter,mechanical industry, agriculture, information, optics, culture and art,biochemical top technology, etc.; as well as the low brightness orunbleached environmentally friendly products that guide the low carbonconsumption.2. Accelerate the upgrading and updating of low grade products.Integrate the existing resources, carry out the effective technicaltransformation of the high consumption, low quality, low gradepackaging paper and paper board, printing and writing paper, tissuepaper, etc., eliminate the outdated capacity, enhance the product qualityand grade, prevent convergence and develop the products withdistinguishing features.3. Make great efforts in the development of environmentally friendlypaper products. Expedite to lay down the standard for the low brightnesspulp and paper products and the unbleached pulp and paper products,comply with the Technical Requirement for Environmental LabelingProducts. Make modification to the Technical Requirement forEnvironmental Labeling Products---Products Made from RecycledPaper, guide the green production and green consumption, encouragepaper enterprises to continually heighten technical level, expand theutilization of waste paper, and actively develop the environmentallyfriendly paper products.(VII) Set up saving mode, advocate rational consumptionIn terms of the requirements of building conservation-oriented society,actively advocate the rational consumption of paper and paper boardproducts, form the paper consumption view of “saving paper, moderateconsumption, cyclic utilization, green and low carbon”, change thepresent paper consumption tendency of unilaterally pursuing the highbrightness, save resource and reduce pollution. Revise the paperproduct standard as soon as possible, upgrade some recommendedstandards into compulsory standards. Encourage the development of 32
  33. 33. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 33 (43) Paper Modernization Project.the new products that meet the requirements of energy saving, emissionreduction and clean production, satisfy the polynary consumptiondemand, encourage to substitute the green, low carbon paper productsfor some fossil raw materials, guide green consumption. With regard tothe government procurement, according to the actual purpose of use, inthe premise of satisfying the basic demand, give priority to the paperproducts that are produced with a certain proportion of waste paper,actively push forward the digital office, and reduce the consumption ofoffice paper products. The press and publication industry shall,according to the actual demand, intensify efforts to neaten thepublications and advertisements that are too excessive and try to savepaper. The packaging industry shall actively advocate the cost mode ofeconomy type, encourage the moderate packaging and take effectivemeasures to refrain excessive packaging.V. Key Projects 33
  34. 34. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 34 (43) Paper Modernization Project.(I) Forestry-paper integration projectNo Project Main Content & Key Goal Criterion . Name Technology1 Chemical Apply the extended Establish the reasonable raw *Newly built single wood delignification, element material supply plan; the production line of pulp chlorine free (ECF) water intake per ton pulp is bleached chemical bleaching, medium and 30m3, the self-sufficiency wood pulp: high concentration rate of energy is over 90%, 300,000t/a and technology, alkali recovery the discharge amount of above. system, self-supply power absorbable organic halogens *Existing plant and full automatic (AOX) in wastewater per ton enterprise’s rebuilt control system for the pulp is less than 0.3kg, chemical pulp production of chemical promote the combined heat single production wood pulp. and power generation and line: 100,000t/a heighten the self-sufficiency and above. rate of energy, the increased production capacity of chemical wood pulp is 4.30 million tons.2 Chemical Apply the extended Establish the reasonable raw *Single production bamboo delignification, element material supply plan; the line 100,000t/a and pulp chlorine free (ECF) discharge amount of above. bleaching medium and chemical oxygen demand high concentration (COD) per ton wastewater is technology, alkali recovery reduced by 40%, the system, self-supply power discharge amount of plant and full automatic absorbable organic halogens control system for the (AOX) is reduced by 80%, production of chemical the amount of water bamboo pulp. Eliminate the conservation per ton pulp is traditional cooking, 40t, promote the combined element chlorine free heat and power generation (ECF) bleaching and low and heighten the self- concentration production sufficiency rate of energy, technique. Rebuild the the increased production bamboo pulp production capacity of chemical line. bamboo pulp is 700,000t.3 Mechano- Apply the high yield pulp Establish the reasonable raw *Single production chemical production technology material supply plan; the line: 100,000t/a wood (high concentration, yield rate of paper pulp is and above. pulp compression and tear, over 85%, the water intake immersion, high efficiency per ton pulp is 18m3, reduce large disc mill, hydrogen water intake by over 40%, peroxide bleaching, the increased production automatic control etc.) for capacity of mechano- 34
  35. 35. Translation to English by Finpro ry / China Pulp and 35 (43) Paper Modernization Project. the production of mechano- chemical wood pulp is 2 chemical wood pulp. million tons.4 Key raw Apply the high yield pulp Build 4,200,000ha fast- *Supporting forest material forest new variety fostering growing and high yield (bamboo) base for forest technology, the oriented forest base with standard, forest-paper (bamboo) fostering technology and large-scale, intensive integration base for the pest control technology. operation. projects. paper industry(II) Clean production and resource utilization engineeringNo. Project Name Main Content & Key Goal Criterion Technology1 Chemical pulp Apply the clean Reduce the discharge of *Wood pulp single production production absorbable organic production line: over technology technologies, such as halogens (AOX) by 80%, 100,000t/a. transformation low energy the amount of water *Bamboo pulp consumption cooking, conservation per ton pulp is single production oxygen delignification, 30m3, complete the line: 51,000t/a and element chlorine free rebuilding of 2,000,000t/a above. (ECF) bleaching, etc. capacity. *Non-wood pulp Rebuild the traditional production line: production line. 34,000t/a and above.2 Comprehensiv Apply the advanced The yield rate of pulp is *New single e utilization of technologies, such as increased by 5%, the production line: stalk low energy amount of water 100,000t/a and unbleached consumption cooking, conservation per ton pulp is above. pulp and oxygen delignification, 30m3, the amount of *Rebuilt single products waste liquid resource pollutants generated is production line: utilization, etc. reduced by 20%, the rebuilt 34,000t/a and above. and newly increased capacity is 2,000,000t. 35

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