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Clusters in Poland – a tool for innovative growth of the economy, Joanna Podgorska, Polish Agency for Enterprise Development
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Clusters in Poland – a tool for innovative growth of the economy, Joanna Podgorska, Polish Agency for Enterprise Development



Seminar material 11.6.2012

Seminar material 11.6.2012



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Clusters in Poland – a tool for innovative growth of the economy, Joanna Podgorska, Polish Agency for Enterprise Development Presentation Transcript

  • 1. 2012 Joanna Podgórska Polish Agency for Enterprise Development (PARP) Clusters in Poland – a tool for innovative growth of the economy Seminar „Clusters as a tool for innovation in Europe” Helsinki, June 11th, 2012
  • 2. Progress Facility Coopetition Companies International cooperation Enterprise Europe Network NGPExcellence Meetings ConsultingR&D infrastructure ESF clusters Human Capital Best practices Partnership Cooperation networks Energy efficiency TACTICS EXPO 2009 Operational Programmes ERDF Clustering Innovation Attitudes PromotionGrants Investments Development EXPO 2010 MFF 2014-2020 Guarantees SMEs European Regional ConferencesInnovation voucher Development Fund Information web-portals Competition Media Facilities Thematic Campaigns objectives Europe 2020 PARP for innovation Reports PR Competencies Intellectual Property E-business Growth Evaluation Knowledge E-learning 45+ Catalogues HR investments Information materials Ex-post Ex-ante On-going Multimedia Meetings Networking FAQ European Social Fund Innovation Research & e-Business support Coaching & Mentoring Networks Analyses Consultation points Technology One stop shops Technology Transfer Centres transfer
  • 3. PARP activities for internationalization of enterprises export development co-financing (implementation of Measure 6.1 OP IE Passport to export); information and training activity (consultations, training, website, publications); establishing relations between business partners, organisation of fairs and cooperation missions (under the implementation of EEN project and Expo economic programme), cooperation with foreign enterprise support institutions; conducting research, analyses and evaluation on export potential of certain sectors and strategic export directions;
  • 4. PARP activities – a few results EUR 7.2 bn – value of the EU funds at the disposal of PARP over 1 mln people benefited in 2007-2013 (8.4% of total NSRF) from the National SME Services Network (since 2000) EUR 2.5 bn – value of payments for beneficiaries (2007-2013) 120 thous. participants of PARP Academy 8.7 thous. of agreements signed with entrepreneurs (2007-2013) over 32 thous. companies used Enterprise Europe Network EUR 1.5 bn EUR – planned value of services payments for entrepreneurs in 2012 c.740 of innovation and enterpreneurship centres /cooperation networks (24 techno parks ,20 techo incubators;110preincubators;90 TTC; 12 seed capital funds; 8 business angels networks; 82 local and regional lending funds;54 credit guarantee funds; 320 training&consulting centres). 18 web portals were visited by 6 m. persons (2011) Over 28,5 thous. contracts amounting to 500 thous. employees from 180 thous. almost 6,55 bilion EUR/companies participated in training and post 12 thous. Beneficiaries graduate studies (since 2000) (since 2000)
  • 6. Clusters in Poland - types of cluster members* Micro and small enterprises constitute 100% Big enterprises (more more than a half of all 12% than 250 employees) 90% clusters’ members in Poland 80% Medium enterprises 29% (from 50 to 249 70% employees) 60% Small enterprises (from 117 50% 15% 10 to 49 employees) 153 40% 1469 147 Micro enterprises (to 30% 9 employees) 20% 44% 10% 0% Enterprises Supporting institutions Structure of enterprises in clusters R&D sector acc. to employment Other entities*on the basis of „Cluster Benchmarking in Poland”, PARP 2010
  • 7. Characteristics of the surveyed clusters* 2009 2 public 2008 sector 12 R&D sector 6 2007 21 12 2006 8 private 2004 1 non- sector govern 19 2003 2 mental sector 1997 1 10 Number of clusters created 20 0 10 per year Cluster initiator 53% of the surveyed clusters are at the The private business is the most popular incubation/embryonic stage initiator of cluster creation*on the basis of „Cluster Benchmarking in Poland”, PARP 2010
  • 8. Clusters in Poland – great potential to growth* Cooperation with R&D (153 R&D institutions Innovation Internationalization identified within clusters)The great importance of export among clusters’ members is observedIn terms of innovativeness, clusters results are better than results in Polandin general: number of patents – 14 (1 patent for approx. 210 enterprises) Poland:1 patent/2500 enterprisesEffort to improve cluster (industry) performance; flow of knowledge and diffusionof innovation through informal contacts; technology transfer identified in 33%of surveyed clusters; 27 clusters have access to laboratoriesAttraction of new ‘talents’ (experts, specialists, etc.) to the region; 3.8% –employment growth in clusters members (1.1% in Poland);Growing importance of cluster’s and region’s brand on the market; growth of thecluster position as a partner to the external environment 47 surveyed clusters - innovation level of industry Low-innovation industry Medium-innovation industry High-innovation industry 13 (i.e. construction) 19 (i.e. ecoenergy) 15 (i.e. ICT, aviation)
  • 9. Clusters success - key factorsActive role of industryHigh level of R&D institutionsEffective collaboration and trustamong cluster membersLocal/regional governmentsupport (still assuming bottom-up approach)New phase in cluster dynamics– internationalization
  • 10. Cluster policy as an instrument to implement: Innovation policy Regional policy Horizontal industrial policy …but also as an instrument useful to implement: research and development policy labour market policy social capital policy education policy…by supporting clusters a push towards synergies between various state policies
  • 11. Cluster policy in PLDevelopment of cluster policy in Poland for the future We believe in the cluster- based economic development policy and territorial-based policy in regional approach, Local implementation of Europe 2020 strategy’s priorities and smart wstęp 01 specialisation of Polish regions, Selection mechanism and concentration of founding on the best clusters, but still a hybrid model with bottom-up approach for cluster creation, Different support mechanisms at various stages of cluster development, both regional and central level, Internationalisation through smart specialisation to find European products that can compete with success on the World markets, Clusters in Special Economic Zones – zone management company as clusters’ local animator.!Competitive position !Innovation !Internationalization
  • 12. 2012 Joanna Podgórska joanna_podgorska@parp.gov.pl Thank you