Cal Marine Power & Water "straw" scam presentation
C A L M A R I N E W O R L D P O W E R & W A T E R Power & water for our future Presentation
C A L M A R I N E P O W E R O F F S H O R E W I N D P O W E R
More Power… <ul><li>The world is hungry for more power… But at what cost to consumers and the environment? </li></ul><ul><li>Weather patterns are changing. The world is heating up – due largely to fossil fuel power generation. </li></ul><ul><li>Global demand for electricity is expected to double in the next 25 years. </li></ul><ul><li>The drive for a clean, affordable, renewable energy resource has now become a global imperative. </li></ul><ul><li>Calmtec wind -generated power is the answer to meet that demand. </li></ul>
The Inevitable Oil & Gas Crisis <ul><li>The world demand for oil is currently rising at more than 2% a year. Since 1985, energy use is up 39% in Latin America, 55% in Africa, and 65% in Asia. This level of growth is unsustainable relying solely on petroleum and gas. </li></ul><ul><li>With skyrocketing crude oil prices the end of an oil-based economy is rapidly approaching. </li></ul>
The Economics of Wind Power <ul><li>The decreasing cost of wind power in US cents/kWh. </li></ul>
The Light Has Gone On… <ul><li>Leading oil companies, utilities, and informed investors are backing and promoting this fast growing energy sector. </li></ul><ul><li>The cost of wind power has dropped over 80% in the last 20 years... And it is getting cheaper. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the fastest growing renewable energy source of the 21st century – market analysts estimate exponential growth anywhere from 1,500% to 3,500% in the foreseeable future. </li></ul><ul><li>It is n o wonder that investment in wind power has quadrupled in the past 3 years! </li></ul>
Where the Investment Money is Going! <ul><li>Warren Buffett is investing US $323 million in the wind power sector. The World's Greatest Investor clearly sees it as the wave of the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Some time ago General Electric paid US $250 million to get into this booming enterprise. This investment was opportune and has proven to be astute. </li></ul><ul><li>BP Amoco invested US $100 million for an 18.5% ownership share of a company deeply involved in this high-tech energy operation . </li></ul><ul><li>It’s obvious that those in the know have awakened to the reality of the need for renewable energy, NOW. </li></ul>
The UK Market <ul><li>The UK market is predicted to grow 1,500% in the next few years. </li></ul><ul><li>Britain currently generates 0.6% of its electrical energy from wind, but the government has announced the “ Renewable Energy Obligation for England and Wales ” – setting a goal of 10% "green power" by 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>The ratio of onshore to offshore wind turbines is 50%. </li></ul><ul><li>Many other countries are joining the UK in mandating the speedy growth of wind energy - showing ecologically sound progress. </li></ul>
The European Market <ul><li>Europe is a vast wind turbine market. </li></ul><ul><li>Wind farming is already providing 20% of Denmark's electricity needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Germany - the world's leading producer of wind power - has expanded its capacity by 44% in the past year. </li></ul><ul><li>Since 2001, German y installed the equivalent of over thirty one 1.65MW wind turbines per week. </li></ul><ul><li>Potential European offshore wind energy market by 2020 is 50,000MW… Huge growth potential. </li></ul>
Other Countries… <ul><li>Experts project that wind power generation will increase 1,923% in Australia, 3,448% in France, and a whopping 4,545% in Brazil before 2010 . </li></ul><ul><li>T he U.S. wind energy industry installed 5,244MW in 2007, expanding the nation’s total wind power generating capacity by 45% in a single calendar year. New wind projects account for about 30% of the entire new power-producing capacity added nationally in 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>The wind industry has set a goal of 12% of worldwide electrical production by 2020. </li></ul><ul><li>Leading industry analysts agree that it could be at least a $900 billion global industry before 2020. </li></ul>
World Wind Energy Total Installed Capacity and Prediction 1997-2010
Greenhouse Emission Reductions <ul><li>UK industry standards – used by many governments – calculate that every unit of electricity generated by wind power displaces a unit of electricity produced by fossil burning power stations*. </li></ul><ul><li>Using these standard calculations a 10MW wind turbine would displace 284 tonnes of sulphur dioxide and 85 tonnes of nitrogen oxides. </li></ul>*Coal-fired plants account for almost all the load following in the UK. (National Grid Seven Year Statement 2003, Demand & Electricity Requirements – figures 2.5 a,b and c)
The Calmtec Wind Power Solution <ul><li>The significant wind resource available offshore, plus CAL Marine’s unique “Calmtec” multi-MW wind turbine technology, satisfies the global need for abundant, clean, cost effective energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Now, wind power has become truly affordable, and on a scale never before possible. </li></ul><ul><li>The most comprehensive study to date found the potential of wind power on land and the near-shore to be equivalent to 54,000 million tons of oil equivalent per year, or over five times the world's current energy use in all forms! * </li></ul>* Evaluation of Global Wind Power, Cristina L. Archer and Mark Z. Jacobson, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, p19 item8.
The Calmtec Difference <ul><li>CAL Marine Limited (CALM), a New Zealand company, owns patented designs which make up their unique Calmtec system. </li></ul><ul><li>During the late 1990’s its principals and engineers produced the world’s first full scale Calmtec 7.3 m dia. working generator in New Zealand. </li></ul><ul><li>Using this technology, CAL Marine is now able to manufacture unique and innovative wind turbine generators of large capacity – up to 86 meters in dia. and 10MW output! </li></ul>
The Calmtec Difference <ul><li>The Calmtec uses a “shroud” that surrounds the turbine blades – creating a substantial “suction effect” downstream of the turbine rotor. </li></ul><ul><li>This “suction effect” significantly increases the effective power of the wind to the turbine, resulting in an efficiency of several times that of a “bare” wind turbine of the same rotor size. </li></ul>Wind Turbine Shroud Calmtec Air Flow “ Bare” Turbine Air Flow
Calmtec v’s the Best of the Rest The Calmtec design has far greater output with a substantially smaller turbine size. Conventional wind turbine Calmtec wind turbine Calmtec wind generators produce over 10MW from only an 86m dia turbine. The majority of wind turbines used commercially produce only 0.5-2.0MW. Even the biggest, most advanced wind turbine built to date produces only 7MW with a 126m dia turbine. (examples shown approximately to scale)
Calmtec: At Home In Deep Water <ul><li>Floating offshore wind power generators make good sense for a number of reasons: </li></ul><ul><li>The shortage of good onshore wind farm sites close to population centres. </li></ul><ul><li>Onshore wind farm growth is slowing. </li></ul><ul><li>Offshore wind farms are becoming the preferred choice. </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the best locations for offshore wind farms are in deep water – perfectly suited to Calmtec offshore wind turbines (which can be seabed mounted in shallower waters). </li></ul><ul><li>These deep water locations would be prohibitively expensive with conventional seabed mounted wind generators. </li></ul>
Construction Material <ul><li>A suitable economic material was required to construct large wind generators of commercially viable size. </li></ul><ul><li>Of all the materials tested, traditional ferrocement was the most cost effective, however this was not strong enough to be commercially viable for the large scale generators necessary to adequately service the worldwide energy market. </li></ul>The Solution: CAL owns the world rights to HT Ferro, the only maintenance free material that is strong enough to build these 10MW plus wind power generators economically!
<ul><li>HT Ferro: A revolutionary material, originally developed for the marine environment by the late Douglas Alexander in New Zealand. </li></ul><ul><li>Vastly superior in every way to traditional ferro-cement and other construction materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Substantially stronger in flexural strength than mild steel plate (weight for weight). </li></ul><ul><li>Extremely long life - virtually zero maintenance. </li></ul>HT Ferro: The Vital Component
Competitive Advantage <ul><li>The Calmtec advantages… </li></ul><ul><li>The only 10MW generators capable of floating. </li></ul><ul><li>Specifically designed as seagoing generators. </li></ul><ul><li>Very low maintenance – HT Ferro construction material invented for the sea environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Can produce large capacity (10MW plus) units. </li></ul>
Assembly & Delivery <ul><li>Assembly and delivery of floating Calmtec generators is simple. </li></ul><ul><li>Attractor & submersible hull / ballast and structural assembly are constructed and assembled horizontally on a floating dock with it’s own heavy lifting equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>Floating Calmtec’s are towed horizontally to the </li></ul><ul><li>offshore location as a sea-train by ocean going tugs. </li></ul><ul><li>On site, the Calmtec is stood upright by deflating </li></ul><ul><li>the flotation collar supporting the heavy ballast keel. </li></ul><ul><li>The Calmtec is then anchored to the seabed and </li></ul><ul><li>connected to the undersea cable network. </li></ul>
Operational Stability <ul><li>Floating Calmtec’s are extremely safe and stable. </li></ul>Approximate Roll Angles (degrees from vertical) for various wind conditions.
<ul><li>Offshore Wind Generators COE (Cost Of Energy) in US cents/kWh. </li></ul>COE Comparisons - Present & Future 1 References: i. April ‘ 04 OPET Finland, VTT Processes in co-operation ESV, O.Oe. Energiesparverban d Austria UL. ii. University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Slovenia. iii. DULUS Ltd ., UK, Wales, www.renewable-resources.com/dulas . 2 COE measured at the onshore bus bar.
EU Offshore Market Source: European Wind Energy Association
EU Offshore Market Growth <ul><li>Growth of the EU offshore market and the CAL Marine </li></ul><ul><li>Limited contribution to the market. </li></ul>$41.00 CALM Market Size (US $billions) 41.00 63.98 2.50 0.65 CALM Market Share (%) 20,500 20,250 200 50 C86-10MW (MW produced) 50,000 31,650 8,000 7,750 2,500 100 EU Power (MW requirements) TOTALS 2020 2010 2009 2005 2003 Total to date
The Prototype <ul><li>The prototype has a 7.3 </li></ul><ul><li>metre diameter turbine. </li></ul><ul><li>Engineered by: </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Robert Alexander & </li></ul><ul><li>Associates. </li></ul><ul><li>Erected on the West </li></ul><ul><li>Coast of New Zealand </li></ul>
The Prototype in Action Click on picture to play
W A T E R C A L M A R I N E O F F S H O R E D E S A L I N A T I O N
Water… The Elixir of Life <ul><li>One of the most pressing problems our planet faces today is providing sufficient clean drinking water for the world’s growing population. About three billion people have no direct access to clean potable (drinkable) water. </li></ul><ul><li>Water is not only fundamental for human life, it is essential for social development and prosperity. The global water shortage is already a source of great social tension and ecological problems. </li></ul>
The Answer: Desalination <ul><li>Desalination is the process of purifying sea water to drinkable water. </li></ul><ul><li>Although this process may not seem very important, the majority of people living along the shores of Florida and California get their drinking water from the ocean! </li></ul><ul><li>Many island nations lack sufficient ground water and also utilize desalination. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition there are those areas of the planet that simply don’t have clean water to drink. </li></ul><ul><li>To provide an acceptable drinking water standard, desalination must reduce typical seawater, at about 34,000 parts per million (ppm or mg/litre), to below 500 ppm total dissolved solids (tds). </li></ul>
Facts About Water & Desalination <ul><li>The majority of the earth’s water, 97%, is salt water found in the oceans. </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 3% of the earth's water is fresh. </li></ul><ul><li>Only 1% of the earth's fresh water is usable, from lakes, rivers and aquifers. </li></ul><ul><li>The other 2% is locked away in glaciers. </li></ul><ul><li>90% of planet's fresh water is used by global industry. </li></ul><ul><li>By the year 2030, two-thirds of the world’s population will be suffering from severe water shortages. </li></ul><ul><li>Almost one quarter of the world's population lives less than 25 km from the coast making seawater one of the main sources of freshwater in the near future. </li></ul><ul><li>The first large scale desalination facilities began in the Middle East following World War II due to the necessity of fresh water. </li></ul><ul><li>The popularity of water desalination increased in the 1960s when the reliability of the reverse osmosis membrane was proven. </li></ul><ul><li>Worldwide, only 1% of drinking water is produced by desalination, supplied by more than 12,500 plants in more than 120 countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Currently, reverse osmosis is the most popular method - accounting for around 40% of the world’s water desalination. </li></ul>
Desalination: The World Market <ul><li>Worldwide the market volume has soared from $2.5 billion in 2002 to $6.4 billion in 2007, with a growth rate of over 15% per annum. </li></ul><ul><li>The market worldwide should reach nearly $30 billion by 2015. A dramatic increase is expected in new technologies and small systems applications in Asia and in particular in China. </li></ul><ul><li>In terms of the geographical breakdown of the market, the regions of the Middle East clearly dominate the demand (over 50% of the market share), followed by Asia-Pacific, America, and Europe that share about 10% of the market respectively. </li></ul><ul><li>The two big market drivers are rising water shortages and technology driven cost reduction. </li></ul><ul><li>In short, desalination plants are poised to become a more popular way to obtain potable water for cities and business: the growing desalination plant market offers many opportunities, mainly concentrated in the Middle East, Asia and Northern and Central America. Steady opportunities for highly efficient small and medium-sized facilities are also anticipated in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>The expectations of renewable energy-based equipment are high, particularly to answer the needs of emerging countries.* </li></ul>*From an article from ETAP (Environmental Technologies Action Plan) “ Water Desalination Market Acceleration” April 2006, Environment Directorate-General of the European Commission.
Desalination: Key Functions <ul><li>ENERCON seawater desalination systems are based on the principle of reverse osmosis (RO). In this process pressurised seawater flows over a membrane. The structure of the membrane retains the dissolved salts allowing water to permeate - separating into pure drinking water and brine. The feedwater first flows through filters and an UV-disinfection system to the energy recovery system. The drinking water leaves the system, while the brine, still under pressure, flows back to the energy recovery system to support the process. </li></ul>
Unique Energy Recovery System <ul><li>After passing the RO-membrane, a three-piston system recycles the energy of the remaining seawater pressure with virtually no loss. Thus, desalination and energy recovery occur in a continuous, complementary process cycle. </li></ul>Usually only about 25 % of the energy in the reverse osmosis process is used to produce drinking water, so without a recovery method, about 75 % of the energy goes to waste. The ENERCON energy recovery system is 30% more efficient and comprises a low-pressure pump (max. 20bar) and a three-piston system, which raises the pressure up to 56bar and simultaneously re-uses the remaining energy. There is no need for a high pressure pump and second booster pump. So this system consumes very little power with extraordinary efficiency.
Flexible Power Requirements <ul><li>Unlike conventional desalination plants, the ENERCON seawater desalination system has no fixed operating point. The water production can range between 12.5 % and 100% of the nominal capacity by adjusting the recovery system piston speed. </li></ul><ul><li>This has two main advantages: </li></ul><ul><li>Operation is possible with a fluctuating energy supply, and </li></ul><ul><li>Output can be adjusted flexibly to water demand without shutting down the plant. </li></ul>
Modular Container Design <ul><li>The Enercon seawater desalination system is modular, comprising various standard containers. Each container is equipped with a separate part of the system. This design enables easy worldwide transport and set-up logistics, ensuring optimal protection of the system from climatic influences is guaranteed. </li></ul>Power and control container Desalination/RO container Water storage container Pre-treatment container
Benefits of the ENERCON System <ul><li>Very low energy consumption and high flexibility in operation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy recovery system means 30% less energy consumption. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible adaptation to the power availability or water demand between 12.5-100%. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No use of chemicals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No negative impacts on the environment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced operating costs. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Remote control system: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fully automatic (unmanned) operation with integrated remote control system. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy and direct communication with other components and wind turbine. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Modular design, integrated in standard containers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy erection and maintenance on site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Optimal system protection and no need for separate structures. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fully integrated with CALMTEC offshore wind energy generators: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Holistic system solution for an independent and reliable energy and water supply anywhere. </li></ul></ul>
Business Model <ul><li>CAL Marine does not sell their wind power machines or the desalination plants, but supplies them free, selling the power and water to major energy or utilities providers and/or governments. </li></ul><ul><li>Depending upon specifics like market size, future requirements and logistical/resource feasibility, a manufacturing facility to produce the CALMTEC machines could be set up in the territory requiring the power and water. </li></ul>
CAL Marine Key Personnel <ul><li>President: Dennis J. Paul </li></ul><ul><li>Director of Project Management: </li></ul><ul><li>Miles P. Fox </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Director: John D. Cutten </li></ul><ul><li>Vice President R & D: Dr. Serguei Zavtrak </li></ul><ul><li>Vice President Marketing: Phillip Wight </li></ul>
Engineering Consultants <ul><li>HT Ferro Engineer: Dr. Robert C.K. Alexander B.E. (HON) PhD. Principal of Robert Alexander and Associates Limited. World authority on HT Ferro. Robert Alexander and Associates have been involved in the design and engineering of HT Ferro for over 25 years, principally for clients offshore. </li></ul><ul><li>Structural Engineering: Dr. Barry Davidson BE, PhD. </li></ul><ul><li>of Compusoft Engineering Limited. Dr Barry Davidson is a senior lecturer in the Department of Civil and Resource Engineering at the University of Auckland in structural dynamics, earthquake engineering, structural analysis and structural reliability. Compusoft Engineering is responsible for nearly all the structural guidance and peer reviewing of major building projects in New Zealand. </li></ul>
Engineering Consultants contd. <ul><li>Mechanical Engineering: Mr. Tony Corkery </li></ul><ul><li>Principal of Corkery and Associates Limited. His company handles the engineering and specifications of ultra heavy shifting and movement of machinery and items. He is also foremost designer of specialised cranes and materials handling systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical Engineer: Professor John T. Boys </li></ul><ul><li>Head of Department, Department of Electrical Engineering, The University of Auckland. </li></ul><ul><li>Wind Tunnel Engineer: Dr. Derek Phillips PhD. </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Phillips completed his doctorate on Calmtec field dynamics and attractor flow mechanisms. </li></ul>
Further Information <ul><li>Interested parties should in the first instance contact </li></ul><ul><li>Mr. Dennis J. Paul: </li></ul><ul><li>Email: email@example.com </li></ul><ul><li>Phone: +64 9 480 4567 </li></ul><ul><li>Fax: +64 9 480 4547 </li></ul><ul><li>Skype name: acecostplus </li></ul><ul><li>P.O. Box 34294 </li></ul><ul><li>Birkenhead, Auckland </li></ul><ul><li>New Zealand </li></ul>
Thank you for watching this W O R L D P O W E R & W A T E R C A L M A R I N E Presentation … the future begins here