Today, I am going to talk about Open Participation Give a background to Fingal and why this is important to us share our experience with Fingal Open Data talk about the Dublinked innovation network review the Apps4Fingal competition talk about recent developments examine the opportunities in Open Data and eParticipation
Open Data is …
Map illustrates population density in the County 239,813 citizens 4 th largest Local Authority 22.2% population growth 2002-2006 Fastest growing & Youngest county Population is concentrated in the South and East of the County 3 main population centres of Blanchardstown, Swords and Balbriggan North-West is rural farmland
Fingal County Council faced and continues to face a number of challenges
To cope with our phenomenal growth we relied heavily on data for service planning. We built up considerable experience of data sharing.
The Fingal Data Hub was created by the Fingal Development Board in 2009. It was a collaboration between 9 partner agencies. It was designed for sharing of anonymised data between partner agencies, to enable interagency cooperation and service planning. In 2010 the data was made publicly available.
Works Viewer Visualise Annual Programme of Works – locations, costs, details
Development Plan Submissions Enable public to submit submissions online and outline site on map
Webcasting Council Meetings First LA in Ireland to webcast meetings Currently working to integrate with Agendas & Minutes system & publish as Open Data
Twitter Account set up to deal with Severe weather conditions in 2010 Inform of service outages, events, council meetings, consultations Respond to citizen queries, requests, etc. Burst water main – photos Severe traffic delays – tweet & retweet updates; stay with commuters until problem is over
Facebook Started use recently Want to ensure that we have capacity to engage effectively Mainly events and information to date Photos Also, commencing pilot of Social Media aggregation platform for Citizen Engagement
Open Data is …
Public data Which is not subject to data protection or other limitations
Open Formats Available in non-proprietary formats e.g. CSV, XML, KML, RDF, open APIs
Machine Readable In a format that computers can process
Accessible Available to the widest range of people for the widest range of uses
Why would we publish Open Data?
Transparency To Open up Government and enable the Public to see the underlying information. What is the actual evidence-based reality as opposed to the perceived reality
Participation To increase citizen engagement with Government. If Government and Citizens are to cooperate, then Government can’t be the only ones with the information
Collaboration In addition to Citizen-Government collaboration outlined earlier, also - To enable the combination of data from different public sector agencies To enable other sectors to collaborate with Government.
Economic Opportunities Public sector data can be used as the basis for online services, mobile applications, analytics, etc.
What about Fingal?
Fingal County Council launched the first Open Data website in the country in November 2010 Fingal Open Data evolved from the principles of the Fingal Data Hub and the Open Data movement. In Summer 2010 we were preparing a report with data about all Local Authorities which was difficult to find and only available in PDF We discovered the Open Data movement and felt that this was a better way We decided to take the initiative with the backing of the County Manager and Fingal Open Data was born It is available at data.fingal.ie The website, which you can see on screen, provides public access to source data from Council systems.
There are currently over 120 datasets organised into 12 categories Detailed information is provided about each dataset, including description, date published and available formats.
We have added a new facility to request data We will check if we have the data and whether it can be released If we can, we will publish it to the site
The site has a Featured Apps section to showcase uses that Fingal Open Data has been put to
There is a blog where we post updates on Fingal Open Data and Open Data in Ireland
The About section gives general information about Fingal Open Data and a link to the licence governing the use of the data
The data is subject to the Irish PSI Licence, drawn up by the Department of Finance, which allows for fair use of the data.
Dublinked is …
A collaboration between Dublin City, Dun Laoghaire/Rathdown, Fingal & South Dublin County Councils and NUI Maynooth The Dublinked initiative was announced on 27 th June Platform provided by IBM A Network for Sharing Data to facilitate innovation in the urban environment through collaboration between private, public and research partners with the Dublin city region as a proving ground
Datastore - 200 datasets (557 files) Data from 4 Dublin Councils and OSI data in research zone (thanks to OSI for being the first) National datasets (Hazardous & Transfrontier Waste Shipments; National Public Transport Nodes; NIAH) Regional Datasets 1 st data release themes - Land Use, Transport & Environment Zones – Open and Research (Members) – O & M Data criteria for Members zone – Legal issues, Technical (e.g. streaming/live data (samples); binary (Traffic)), Commercial (high-value) Formats – open & non-proprietary where possible; can be onerous to convert – working towards this goal; go ugly early; respond to feedback Metadata for each dataset – Dublinked ‘lite’ standard developed in partnership with Dept. Environment, NUI Galway, Dept. Marine & Natural Resources; compliant with international standards
Past Events Planning Technology Future Events Spatial Water Visualisation Transport Innovation & Commercialisation
In order to encourage the reuse of data published on Fingal Open Data and Dublinked, Fingal County Council organised the Apps4Fingal competition The competition ran from 9 th November 2011 to 9 th January 2012 There was a prize fund of €11,500 thanks to the generosity of our sponsors
23 Apps were submitted
36 Ideas were submitted
The Apps4Fingal section of Fingal Open Data contains all the information about the competition including details of and links to the competition entries, rules, judging criteria and the shortlisted entries I am going to give a quick run-through of the winning Apps
Winner of the Ideas Category was Fingal Deals The Fingal Deals App idea is intended to encourage people to shop locally in Fingal and give local businesses a boost. The app would showcase current special offers and discounts offered by a wide variety of businesses, and could be refined into business type categories to facilitate searches.
Winner of the Student Apps Category was Fingal Day Tripper Fingal Day Tripper is a Web App that allows day trippers to select the type of activities they prefer, as well as if they would like to stop for a coffee. They can also specify whether they are travelling with children or disabled passengers. The app will then suggest a day trip in the local area, showing locations of interest on the map. It also provides the option of getting the route and driving directions for the trip and details of each attraction.
Winner of the Community Apps Category was Fingal Traffic View Fingal Traffic View is an Android Mobile App which provides information about traffic cameras, parking zones, disabled parking, train stations and Garda safety zones. These are displayed on a map and users can also view images from the traffic cameras. The App also incorporates a live feed of twitter accounts related to Dublin Traffic.
Winner of the Enterprise Apps Category was mypp.ie Mypp.ie is a Web App which uses Planning Application data from all 4 Dublin local authorities. These are displayed on a map allowing users to easily check planning applications in an area. Features include a notification service, a 3D interactive house showing what works need planning permission, a professional directory and planning-related news feed. Planning applications are colour coded by status and more info can be displayed.
Winner of the Overall & Tourism Apps Categories was Discover Fingal Discover Fingal is a Mobile Web App in which users are encouraged to discover historical and cultural sites in Fingal through a Find and Reward Facebook App and Mobile Website. Detailed information is provided about each site. If a user checks into three cultural sites they are rewarded with a voucher for a free cup of tea or coffee which can be redeemed at Skerries Mills.
All winners and runners up of the Apps4Fingal competition
While the apps4fingal concentrated on Fingal services, many of the Apps incorporate data from other services and across the whole of the Dublin region. In addition, most could scale up to National or International services. One App that has been developed since the competition and which makes use of Open Data is KidsMaps. This takes the playground data from the Fingal Open Data site, but also includes playground data sourced from most of the Local Authorities in Ireland. This is a great example of how Apps based on Open Data can be scalable.
There have been a number of recent developments in Open Data in Ireland
Enterprise Ireland are facilitating a National Open Data Working Group Membership includes Fingal County Council, South Dublin County Council & LGCSB Chaired by Joe Horan Initiated in July, a workshop was held at the end of August to formulate ideas A briefing paper for Government has been produced and will be published shortly
The Reports recommendations include – Principle of data release, mechanisms for releasing data, crowdsourcing data, awareness within public sector In line with EC Strategy, no charge (or marginal) for Open Data Actions to support business in maximising potential of Open Data inc. supports from agencies, licence and re-use model, data charter to govern publication and updating of data to standards, SLAs Digital and data literacy programmes to enable citizens to interact with data, utilise data as a basis for interacting with Government and improving their community Implement postcodes and standardise addressing Create data standards Assign responsibility for Open data to a Government Department Develop an Open Data Strategy to include specific actions and target dates Establish an Open data Forum to advise on Open Data and engage with stakeholders
The Public Service Reform Plan was published in November 2011
The Plan include a number of objectives relating to Open Data as follows – Publish Public Sector Data Online Create a Centralised Portal Improve Internal Government Data Sharing Develop an Integrated Approach for collecting Administrative Data Review Data Sharing Legislation
In December 2011, EC Vice-President Neelie Kroes launched an Open Data Strategy for Europe
The Strategy includes communication on Open Data outlining a vision and policy proposal to revise the 2003 Directive on Re-use of Public Sector Information creation of a portal for the publishing of European Commission data creation of a pan-European data portal for data from member states provision of €100 million in research funding in respect of data-handling technologies In conjunction with the launch the EC published 5 studies relating to Open Data
Open Data and eParticipation provide us with a number of opportunities
Open Data provides an opportunity for businesses to utilise the data to create products and services Also analytics for market research Create employment and pay taxes and rates Cost avoidance potential if the private sector create Apps and services that Local Government doesn’t have to
As well as the economic opportunities, there are opportunities for the public sector The different departments and agencies of the Public Sector have a need to access the data holdings of other agencies In most cases it is a laborious and time-consuming task to obtain data from other arms of the public sector Even within Public Sector agencies and departments it can be difficult to obtain data from other sections Adopting a data-sharing approach with catalogues and data stores within the public sector could bring great efficiencies in this area Then it is simply a matter of categorising the access permissions and releasing relevant data publicly
U.K. Department of Transport made NAPTAN bus stop dataset available to OpenStreetMap OpenStreetMap volunteers check, edit and verify the data via the NOVAM viewer Improved data quality of public dataset Potential for the same approach to be used here with Government datasets
Walkonomics website Rates the walkability of streets based on data for each street relating to street width, crime, gradients and traffic levels
In addition, members of the public can rate the streets to improve the accuracy of the rating
Collaborate Ultimately, Government 2.0 is about enabling a new approach to citizens and Government working together in a collaborative manner on matters of mutual concern Ideally, collaboration should be capable of being initiated by either Government or Citizen This is an example from North Sydney Council, Australia in which citizens can participate in determining budget priorities The citizen can choose to increase, decrease or not alter spending under the budget headings Their selections are totalled interactively so that they can see whether they are over or under budget and if over budget what the implications are for rates Citizens inputs are compiled into a report which feeds into the Councils decision-making process
Collaborate This example is from Melbourne, Australia Here the draft City Development Plan is published as a Wiki and the public can directly edit the Plan There is also a discussion page relating to each section of the plan where suggestions can be outlined or changes justified All versions are retained to enable comparison between versions of the Plan Once the public consultation phase is complete, the Council deliberates on the contributions to organise, refine and incorporate ideas in the most practical way
The Parterre Project which includes participants from Northern Ireland, is working on a similar tool for participatory spatial planning It has also developed a toolset for Electronic Town Meetings
Fingal County Council is facilitating the SOWIT eParticipation project This is a project by researchers from Trinity College Dublin, University College Cork and Kilkennt County Council It aims to use a social media approach to enable structured deliberation on policy matters Two consultations have been held to date to guide the design of the SOWIT environment
FixYourStreet is an open transparent tool for reporting problems to Local Government It also has an Open Data dimension, as the data is exposed for developers to write programs that comsume the data behind the site – location, details and resolution of Reported issues
These programs could be Apps, Visualisations, alternative interfaces, etc HeyGov! is an example of the type of development that could be done with FixYourStreet data
The FixYourStreet approach has been taken a step further As well as allowing people to let ue know where there are problems, why not let them suggest where servcies should be located Fixcity.org Bike Racks website evolved from New York City looking at how it could maximise the value of its CRM investment The website enables citizens to identify a location where they believe bike racks should be provided, to include a photo of the location and to outline their reasons for the suggested location Other citizens can vote on the suggestions Citizens can also check whether their suggested location meets Bike Rack Location Guidelines to see racks provided sooner
In line with the theme, this presentation is licenced for sharing under a Creative Commons licence It is available for viewing and downloading on slideshare
To conclude Open Data provides a great opportunity to extract untapped potential from public sector data Open Data can act as a driver for economic development and as a building block for the smart knowledge economy Building on Open Data, eParticipation enables new methods of community engagement As I mentioned earlier, Fingal Open Data is available at data.fingal.ie And you can also follow us on Twitter at fingalopendata
Open ParticipationOpen Data, Apps and eParticipation experiences &andWithCitizens Seminar, Killarney 29th May, 2012@fingalopendata @dominic _ _ byrne
National Open Data Working Group Report Recommendations •Data release (commitment, mechanisms, crowdsourcing) •No charge for Open Data (or marginal charge only) •Supporting Enterprise (licencing, data charter, SLAs) •Digital & data literacy programme •Addressing & Postcodes •Data Standards •Assign responsibility for Open Data •Develop Open Data strategy with specified actions •Establish Open Data Forum
eGovernment Plan Open Data related Actions •Publish Public Sector Data Online in Open Formats •Improve Internal Government Data Sharing •Develop an Integrated Approach for collecting Administrative Data •Create a Data Sharing Clearing House •Review Data Sharing Legislation •Implementation PlansPublic Service Reform Plan •Create a Centralised Portal
European Commission Open Data Strategy Open Data Strategy Contents •communication on Open Data outlining a vision and policy •proposal to revise the 2003 Directive on Re-use of Public Sector Information •creation of a portal for the publishing of European Commission data •creation of a pan-European data portal for data from member states •provision of €100 million in research funding in respect of data-handling technologies •publication of 5 studies relating to Open Data
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