Today, I am going to talk about Open Government and the role that Open Data plays; give an overview of Open Data; share our experience with Fingal Open Data look at what needs to happen next.
Web 2.0 has enabled a fundamental shift in the way we communicate Blogs, Social Networking, Microblogs, Sharing sites are all based on concepts of sharing and dialogue
In the past Government communicated using a broadcast model We will tell you what we are doing Opportunities for feedback were extremely limited
Social Media is based on dialogue Everyone is equal – Government and Citizen Everyone should be able to have their voice heard on any issue
… rather than Controlled, Organised, Government-driven
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Government 2.0 or Open Government enables a number of incremental levels of engagement.
Open Data plays an important role in Open Government Open Data is …
Public data Which is not subject to data protection or other limitations
Open Formats Available in non-proprietary formats e.g. CSV, XML, KML, RDF, open APIs
Machine Readable In a format that computers can process
Accessible Available to the widest range of people for the widest range of uses
Why would we publish Open Data?
Transparency To Open up Government and enable the Public to see the underlying information. What is the actual evidence-based reality as opposed to the perceived reality
Participation To increase citizen engagement with Government. If Government and Citizens are to cooperate, then Government can’t be the only ones with the information
Collaboration To enable the combination of data from different public sector agencies To enable other sectors to collaborate with Government.
Economic Opportunities Public sector data can be used as the basis for online services, mobile applications, analytics, etc.
Where did Open Data originate?
Open Data is based on the principles of Freedom of Information & Reuse of Public Sector Information. The 2003 EU Reuse of Public Sector Information Directive was designed to allow European companies to exploit the potential of Public Sector Data and to contribute to economic growth and job creation. In a 2009 report, the EU cited the value of EU Public sector data at an estimated €27B.
In the United States, Barak Obama promised Open Government during his election campaign. This website, data.gov was created in 2009 to share US Government data.
In 2010, the UK Government followed suit and established this website, data.gov.uk to share UK Government data, with Tim Berners Lee, creator of the World Wide Web working on the project.
In 2010, the United Nations established the UN data website to share UN data
There are also many examples of Local Government Open Data websites around the world. In particular, the Greater London Authority have provided us with advice based on their experience with the London Data Store which was created in 2010.
What about Ireland? Up to now there have been no Government Open Data websites in this country. However, a growing number of people have been calling for Open Government Data. This Internet group has been established by interested people to discuss possibilities for Open Data in Ireland.
Opendata.ie has been created by a collaboration of people from the Open Data Ireland discussion group and DERI research centre in NUI Galway Opendata.ie takes data from Government websites, converts it to open formats and publishes it
The new Government has recognised the need for Open Data Both parties to Government have Open Government and Open Data policies The Programme for Government includes a number of objectives The EU eGovernment Action Plan also includes Open Data or PSI objectives
How can Open Data be applied in a practical manner? Applications can be built using Open Data to provide information and services to the public.
Examples from around the world include the Melbourne Public Transport App for iPhone. Like Dublin, Melbourne has a number of different transport operators. This app pulls together data from all the operators to enable journey planning from origin to destination. You can see the different forms of transport that you need for your journey, display them on a map and see when the next bus, train or tram is due.
In the U.K., Openly Local is a website that collates information from Local Authorities, presents it in a standardised manner and allows comparison between Authorities.
Ottawa Parks and Recreation App enables citizens to find Parks and recreation facilities on a map, and then find out information about the facility.
This website provides a visualisation of the German Federal Budget. The coloured blocks provide a visual representation of the comparative sizes of different Government Departments expenditure. You can drill down to see the components of a Departments expenditure and compare expenditure from year to year.
From the U.S. we have the County Sin Rankings website This shows U.S. Quality of Life indicator comparisons by County
What about Fingal? The Fingal area covers North County Dublin – north of the Liffey and the M50 including Blanchardstown, Howth, Swords, Balbriggan. It is the 4 th largest Local Authority area by population as per Census 2006 It is the youngest area in the country And it is the fastest growing
Between 2002 and 2006 the population of Fingal grew by 22% Our estimate is that Census 2011 will show an increase of a further 12%
To cope with and plan for the ever-increasing demand for services, Fingal has relied heavily on data for service planning. Fingal has built up considerable experience of data sharing. The Fingal Data Hub was created by the Fingal Development Board in 2009.
The website and the published data is the result of significant research and cooperation between 9 partner agencies. It was designed for sharing of anonymised data between partner agencies, to enable interagency cooperation and service planning. In 2010 the data was made publicly available.
The Fingal Data Hub partners agreed a Data Sharing Protocol which provides a framework for the partners to work together to share data.
Fingal Open Data has evolved from the principles of the Fingal Data Hub and the Open Data movement. It is the first Open Data website in this country. It is available at data.fingal.ie
The website, which you can see on screen, provides public access to source data from Council systems. There are over 70 datasets, some of which can be seen here in the centre of the screen These are grouped into the 12 categories on the left-hand side of the screen.
Detailed information is provided about each dataset, such as Planning Applications shown here, including description, date published and available formats.
The data is made available for download in Open, Machine Readable formats that can be processed by computers.
The data is subject to the Irish PSI Licence, drawn up by the Department of Finance, which allows for fair use of the data.
Earlier I outlined possible services that could be provided to the public based on Open Data. The datasets now available on Fingal Open Data enable the services illustrated here to be developed. Two services had already been developed
This is the first service that has been developed with Fingal Open Data. It was built as an added feature on the ‘Hit The Road’ website It displayed all polling Stations for the 2011 General Election and allowed a user to search for a Polling Station and get directions to that Polling Station using Public Transport It showed data from all 4 Dublin Authorities, but the data was scraped from the other 3 Local Authority websites.
This is an iPhone App that has been built with Fingal Bring Bank data It displays all Bring Banks It allows filtering on the type of recyclable material – glass, cans or textiles It displays information about the selected Bring Bank It also identifies the nearest Bring Bank to your location and will provide directions to Bring Banks
What are the next steps?
We need apps & services built with Irish Open Data Initially this might be Fingal Open Data, but these apps should be built to consume Open Data from any Government agency Beyond that, apps could consume data from other European countries – the EU wants to encourage cross-border apps and services Apps can be developed by business, 3 rd level, volunteers, etc If we are to demonstrate the value of open data and encourage the release of more data, we need to be able to show the practical benefits through practical applications and services
We need to have more Irish Open Data Local Authorities, Government Departments and Agencies should all start to release Open Data They should also examine whether usage restrictions can be removed from data already released There are also opportunities for Open Academic Data, Open Scientific Data, Open Bibliographic Data, etc And why not Open Business Data? Open Product Catalogues; Airline Flights and Fares; etc.
Ireland has an opportunity play a leading role in the area of Open Government and Open Data If we are to build a smart knowledge economy, then Open Data needs to be a key building block As I mentioned earlier, Fingal Open Data is available at data.fingal.ie And you can also follow us on Twitter at fingalopendata
In line with the theme, this presentation is licenced for sharing under a Creative Commons licence It is available for viewing and downloading on slideshare Thank you.
Open Government & Fingal Open Data
Irish Internet Association Conference 12 th May, 2011 @ fingalopendata
WEB 2.0 A FUNDAMENTAL SHIFT IN THE WAY WE COMMUNICATE
Open Government Data Policy <ul><li>Ireland – Programme for Government </li></ul><ul><li>Publish Purchase Orders for more than €20,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Create a FixMyStreet.ie </li></ul><ul><li>European Union – eGovernment Action Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Committed to – </li></ul><ul><li>… making raw data and documents available for re-use in a wide variety of formats … </li></ul><ul><li>… setting up PSI portals … </li></ul>
Applications Is the quality of the water okay for swimming? What Planning Applications have been submitted near me? How much waste is recycled in Fingal? Where do I vote? Where’s my nearest Bring Bank? Where can I find a disabled parking space? Where can I buy bin tags?
http://www.metlinkmelbourne.com.au/application/iphone/index.html Melbourne Public Transport App
U.K. Local Authority Information http://www.openlylocal.com/
Ottawa Parks & Recreation App http://sk8wireless.com/?page_id=35
German Federal Budget http://bund.offenerhaushalt.de/
U.S. Quality of Life Indicators http://countysinrankings.org/
<ul><li>Raw Data Now </li></ul><ul><li>A year of open data </li></ul>http://www.ted.com/talks/lang/eng/tim_berners_lee_the_year_open_data_went_worldwide.html
Possible Fingal Apps Check bathing water quality for Fingal beaches Find Planning Applications submitted near you See the amount of waste recycled in Fingal Locate the place where you vote Find your nearest Bring Bank Locate disabled parking spaces in Fingal Find out where you can buy bin tags
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