“Elected long time ago as the main location for diving
with a hard hat in the Portuguese coast, the Berlengas’
     waters...
BOBBIN LACE
   “Onde há rede , tem renda” (Fishermen’s wives)

   Due to the lack of fish & crops Raise family income

...
BOBBIN LACE - History
   Milan – France (Louis XIV)

   Only in the 16 century B.L. appeared in Portugal

   Four impor...
BOBBIN LACE - Curiosities
   With industrialization, bobbin lace in peniche started
    decreasing. Luckily, with the app...
Peniche




          Sta Catarina, Brazil
BERLENGAS
   Location: 12km from
    the Peniche port
    1500 meters long and
    800 meters wide
    with a perimeter o...
Historic Intro
   Due to its strategic location, the island has seen its
    waters anchored by vessels of many time peri...
Historic Intro
   St. John the Baptist Fortress:
    Odered by John IV in 1651
    Concluded in 1656

   Built to preven...
Historic Intro
   Duke of Braganza’s
    Lighthouse:

    Built in 1841, 29m high,
    two lighthouse keepers 24/7
Geology

 The Berlenga granite corresponds to a unique
 geological type in the European continent

 Unlike the coast of Pe...
Natural Reserve (NCI)
   Region of great interest for botanical specialists with
    several endemic species and species ...
Natural Reserve (NCI)
   Why?
    Biological value of the maritime surrounding area
    Botanic interest
    Fauna (Marit...
Natural Reserve (NCI)
   Birds:
    Nesting species- European shag
                     Cory Shearwater
                 ...
Natural Reserve (NCI)

   Reptiles:
    Bocage’s wall lizards
    Jewelled lizard
Natural Reserve (NCI)
   Mammals:
    European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus)

    Black rat (Rattus rattus)
Natural Reserve (NCI)
   Flora
    Creeper vegetation, composed of herbaceous and
    shrubby plants

    Endemic species...
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Bobbin Lace & Berlengas

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Bobbin Lace & Berlengas

  1. 1. “Elected long time ago as the main location for diving with a hard hat in the Portuguese coast, the Berlengas’ waters hide everything the human imagination can create.”
  2. 2. BOBBIN LACE  “Onde há rede , tem renda” (Fishermen’s wives)  Due to the lack of fish & crops Raise family income  Agile embroiderers (decided to use their skills to start doing Bobbin Lace)  Hard to explain
  3. 3. BOBBIN LACE - History  Milan – France (Louis XIV)  Only in the 16 century B.L. appeared in Portugal  Four important centers: Vila do Conde, Peniche, Lagos, Olhão Later – Setúbal & Sesimbra  1887 Creation of D. Maria Pia Industrial Drawing School (Later Josefa de óbidos industrial embroidery school) = the lace of peniche reached the highest level of perfection
  4. 4. BOBBIN LACE - Curiosities  With industrialization, bobbin lace in peniche started decreasing. Luckily, with the appearance of several facilities, the art is now safe  Curisosities: Girls learn to embroid with 8 or 9 bobbins but with time they can reach as much as 64 Portuguese women took the activity to brazil where it is called “rendas de praia”
  5. 5. Peniche Sta Catarina, Brazil
  6. 6. BERLENGAS  Location: 12km from the Peniche port 1500 meters long and 800 meters wide with a perimeter of 4000 meters reaches 88 meters  Composed by three islets Berlenga/Estelas/ Farilhões-Forcados
  7. 7. Historic Intro  Due to its strategic location, the island has seen its waters anchored by vessels of many time periods  The memory of these vessels is maintained by the many sub-aquatic findings produced in recent years stone anchors from the Phoenician-Punic eras stocks of led and amphora anchors of the Roman period artillery objects (15c)
  8. 8. Historic Intro  St. John the Baptist Fortress: Odered by John IV in 1651 Concluded in 1656  Built to prevent the island’s occupation by the North African corsairs  Survived until June 1666, when the most remarkable war episode of its history took place (Spanish attack)
  9. 9. Historic Intro  Duke of Braganza’s Lighthouse: Built in 1841, 29m high, two lighthouse keepers 24/7
  10. 10. Geology The Berlenga granite corresponds to a unique geological type in the European continent Unlike the coast of Peniche, formed by sedimentary rocks, the archipelago of Berlengas is mainly formed by magma and metamorphic rocks, just like the highly deformed red granite, gneiss, and shale – can prove
  11. 11. Natural Reserve (NCI)  Region of great interest for botanical specialists with several endemic species and species of limited distribution  A nesting spot for some species of ocean birds and a passing point for several migratory species  A Maritime Reserve of great wild life richness
  12. 12. Natural Reserve (NCI)  Why? Biological value of the maritime surrounding area Botanic interest Fauna (Maritime Birds) Archeological Sub-aquatic patrimony
  13. 13. Natural Reserve (NCI)  Birds: Nesting species- European shag Cory Shearwater Guillemot Other birds - Lesser black-backed gulls Yellow legged gulls (Plague)
  14. 14. Natural Reserve (NCI)  Reptiles: Bocage’s wall lizards Jewelled lizard
  15. 15. Natural Reserve (NCI)  Mammals: European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) Black rat (Rattus rattus)
  16. 16. Natural Reserve (NCI)  Flora Creeper vegetation, composed of herbaceous and shrubby plants Endemic species: Armeria berlengensis Herniaria berlengiana Carpobrotus edulis Cornish Tree

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