CBDRM Training


Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Notes to Images (Top – Down)
    A family home destroyed in South Asia earthquake October 2005 - Srinagar, India-administered Kashmir. Amongst other items, FOCUS delivered tents and warm clothing here.
    Volunteers assisting with packing and loading of relief items for survivors of Cyclone Gafilo in Madagascar in 2004
    Transporting milk to school children in remote communities in northern Afghanistan is an incredible journey across mountains by lorry, boat (seen here) and donkeys
    FOCUS Partners with many international donors in its humanitarian work. In the Northeren Areas of Pakistan,in Gilgit and Chitral, USAID partnered with FOCUS to distribute humanitarian relief after sever flooding and mudslides left villages stranded without access to markets for food and other supplies
  • CBDRM Training

    1. 1.  To share roles and responsibilities of CERTs pre, during and post disaster.  To Strengthen CERTs’ understanding of DRR(Disaster Risk Reduction) in Natural & Man Made Disaster  Enrich community’s capacity and skills regarding SAR, First Aid, Fire fighting and Evacuation during emergency situation
    2. 2. A Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) is a dedicated team of volunteers that is organized and receives special training that enhances their ability to prepare for, respond to, recover from and mitigate against any emergency or disaster situation, within their specified area.
    3. 3. Structure of CERT CERT Command/Operational Group CERT Leader, CERT Asst. Leader & Group Leaders FOCUS PAKISTAN Technical Assistance First Aid Group Fire Fighting Group Search & Rescue Group Admin, Logistics & Communication Group LOCAL COUNCIL COORDINATOR
    4. 4. • ‘First responders’ at the local level in a crises situation • Regularly update the local leadership about activities and plans • Organize periodic simulations, drills and exercises • Assess risks and develop plans to mitigate risks and present to the Local leadership for approval and implementation
    5. 5. Disaster Risk Reduction  DRR is a term used for techniques that focus on preventing or minimizing the effects of disasters. (By: United Nation)
    6. 6. •EQ •Flood •Heavy Rain •Cyclone •Tsunami •Physical •Social •Attitudinal Reduction •Knowledge •Skills •Resources
    7. 7. Year Place Magnitude Impact 28th Jan, 2010 Landi, Korangi Shocks (2.5) No 4th Jan, 2010 Landi, Korangi Shocks No 22nd Dec, 2009 Landi, Korangi, Gulshan-e-Iqbal, Airport, Gulistan-e- Johar, Malir, Shah Fasial 1.5 (shocks) No 19th Dec, 2009 Landi, Korangi 1.6 (shocks) No 30th March, 2007 Clifton 2 (shocks) No 6th Sep, 2007 Clifton & Defence 2.9 (shocks) no 16th July, 2005 13th Aug, 2005 11th Oct, 2005 Karachi (Clifton, Gulshan-e-Iqbal & Defance) Shocks 1.5 (Shocks) 4 Pepole came out of their homs, office etc.
    8. 8. o “ Allah Bund” fault that passes through Shahbundar, Pakistan Steel Mills, run through eastern parts of the city and falls in Arabian Sea near Makran Coast. o “Runn of Kutchh” fault. o “Pubb fault” which end into Arabian Sea near Makran Coast and o Lower Dadu district near Surjani and falls in the vicinity of Karachi. Balochistan 800 Km 36 Km Sindh 210 Km Karachi Prone To Earthquake
    9. 9. Heavy Rain Cause by
    10. 10. Year Place Impact 18th July, 09 Karachi Deaths, Roads were over flowed, electricity & water network collapsed, property damaged, addutisment boards fallen down on roads 5th to 13th Aug, 08 Karachi Roads were effected 30th July, 08 Karachi KESC Network failed, 2 killed 27th June, 07 Karachi 5 people were killed including children, houses damaged, Roads were effected 11th Aug, 07 Karachi (Korangi) 29 death including children & women houses were collapsed. 30th -31st July, 06 Karachi Roads were over flowed, electricity & water network collapsed
    11. 11.  Injuries & Losses of Life  Environmental Destruction  Health Related Issues  Communication Destruction  Agriculture destruction  Economical Destructions
    12. 12.  Do NOT keep valuable items and appliances in your basement. They could get ruined during a flood.  Have insurance.  Develop an emergency survival kit..  Make sure your fuse box (or main breaker) and utility meters are raised above the flood level in your home. Water and electricity should not be mixed.
    13. 13.  Raise your valuables items to higher ground if you have time, but if the water has reached 2 feet.  Shut off all utilities  Don’t attempt to swim or walk through flowing flood waters  Don’t attempt to drive through the flooded area  Don’t go near electrical wires or power lines.
    14. 14. • Seek necessary medical care at the nearest hospital or clinic.  Contaminated flood waters lead to a greater possibility of infection.  Severe injuries will require medical attention. • Help a neighbor s • Avoid to go disaster areas  Checked roof leakages
    15. 15. Introduction of Search and Rescue
    16. 16. Tools Time Rescuers Victim Components of Search & Rescue operation
    17. 17. Search and Locate Victim
    18. 18. Gain Access to the Victim
    19. 19. Process of Search and Rescue
    20. 20. Extricate the Victim
    21. 21. Search & Rescue
    22. 22. Tied-Hands Crawl
    23. 23. Basic First Aid
    24. 24.  To sustain life  To prevent suffering  To prevent secondary complication  To promote speedy recovery
    25. 25.  To assess a situation quickly & safely, & call for appropriate help.  To identify the level of injury or the nature of the illness affecting the casualty/victim.  To give early and appropriate treatment in a sensible order of priority.  To arrange for the safe removal of the casualty.  To remain with the casualty and reassess time to time until handing it over to the care of a medical person.  To make & pass on a report and give further help if required.
    26. 26. Steps Before the Assess  Secure the scene  Alert EMS  Check the neck  Check for Response If Victim Unconscious A= Airway B= Breathing C= Circulation D= Disability E= Examine head to Toe If Victim Conscious • Secure the Scene • Alert EMS • Examine Head to Toe
    27. 27. Wounds and Bleeding
    28. 28. Any break in soft tissue of the body that results in Bleeding. Types  Open Wound  Close Wound
    29. 29.  Open Wound Break in the outer layer or skin, results in bleeding & allow Microorganisms (germs) to enter the body.  Close Wound No break in the outer layer of skin.
    30. 30. R E D REST Elevation Direct Pressure
    31. 31. Bandages
    32. 32.  Wash hands. (Wear gloves where necessary)  Assist victim to assume comfortable position on bed or chair and support the body part to be bandaged.  Always stand in front of the part/victim to be bandaged except when applying a bandage to the head, eye and ear.  Be sure the bandage is rolled firm.  Make sure the body part to be bandaged is clean and dry.  Assess skin before applying bandage for any breakdown.  Observe circulation by noting pulse, surface temperature, skin color and sensation of the body part to be wrapped.
    33. 33.  Always start bandaging from inner to outer aspect and far to near end.  When bandaging a joint, ensures flexibility of the joint. (except if immobilization of joint is required).  Always start and end with two circular turns.  Cover the area 2 inches above and 2 inches below the affected area (wound).  Overlap turns and slightly stretch the bandage.  Cover two third 2/3 of the previous turn.  Where possible, leave fingertips or toe tips exposed for observation (adequacy of blood circulation).  End the bandage on the outer side of the body. Do not end a bandage on wound or at the back of the body.
    34. 34. • Triangular Triangular bandages could be used on many parts of the body to support and immobilize. • Crape Bandage Type of woven gauze which has the quality of stretching. • Gauze/Cotton Bandage Lightly woven, cotton material. Frequently used to retain dressings on wounds of fingers, hands, toes, feet, ears, eyes, head. • Adhesive Bandage Use to retain dressing and also used where application of pressure to an area is needed.
    35. 35.  Circular  Spiral  Reverse Spiral  Figure of Eight
    36. 36. Spiral reverse turns are used to bandage cylindrical parts of the body that are not uniform in circumference, such as the lower leg or lower fore arm
    37. 37. Triangular Bandage to the Head
    38. 38. Spinal Injury
    39. 39. Triage
    40. 40. H eat Fuel Oxygen TRIANGLE OF FIRE The basic strategy of fire prevention is to control or isolate sources of fuel and heat in order to prevent combustion Suitable Tem perature
    41. 41. Not all fires are the same, and they are classified according to the type of fuel that is burning.
    42. 42. Wood, paper, cloth, trash, plastics Solid combustible materials that are not metals. Class-A
    43. 43. Flammable liquids: gasoline, oil, grease etc Any non-metal in a liquid state, on fire. This classification also includes flammable gases. Class-B
    44. 44. Electrical: energized electrical equipment As long as it's "plugged in," it would be considered a class C fire. Class-C or E
    45. 45. Metals: potassium, sodium, aluminum, magnesium Unless you work in a laboratory or in an industry that uses these materials, it is unlikely you'll have to deal with a Class D fire. It takes special extinguishing agents (Metal-X, foam) to fight such a fire. Class-D
    46. 46. APWs are designed for Class A (wood, paper, cloth) fires only
    47. 47. CO2s are designed for Class B and C (flammable liquid and gas) fires only
    48. 48. ABD (DC) are designed for Class A,B and C
    49. 49. How to use a Fire Extinguisher? Pull the Pin Aim the Nozzle at Fire Squeeze the Lever Sweep
    50. 50. Wrong Methods of Extinguishing the Fire
    51. 51. How to use a Fire Extinguisher? Correct Method  Sweep from side to side.  Stand atleast 5-8 feet back from the fire.  Discharge the entire contents of the extinguisher.
    52. 52. What to do? If you discover a Fire
    53. 53. What to do in case of a fire? Raise Fire Alarm or Shout Fire, Fire 1
    54. 54. What to do in case of a fire? 1. Raise Fire Alarm 16 2
    55. 55. What to do in case of a fire? 1. Raise Fire Alarm 2. Telephone Fire Service on 16 3
    56. 56. What to do in case of a fire? 1. Raise Fire Alarm 2. Telephone Fire Service on 16 3. Use Appropriate Fire Extinguisher 4
    57. 57. What to do in case of a fire? 1. Raise Fire Alarm 2. Telephone Fire Service on 16 3. Use Appropriate Fire Extinguisher 4. Evacuate to Assembly Point 5
    58. 58. If Trapped in a Room ● Seal all doors and vents with duct tape or towels to prevent smoke from entering the room. ● Close as many doors as possible between you and the fire. ● Open a window at the top and bottom so fresh air can enter. Be ready to close the window immediately if it draws smoke into the room. ● Be prepared to signal to someone outside. If Forced to Advance Through Flames ● Hold your breath. ● Cover your head and hair. ● Keep your head down and your eyes closed as much as possible. ● Move quickly. 6
    59. 59.  Drop to hands and knees and crawl toward exit.  Hold your breath as much as possible.  Breath shallowly through nose, and use a filter such as a shirt or towel. If Caught in Smoke
    60. 60.  To eliminate or minimize the losses of life and properties in the event of Natural and Man Made Disasters.  To prepare an orderly Evacuation plan for any Emergency situation
    61. 61.  Emergency Exits  Safe Assembly Area  ICC (Incident Command & Control)  Evacuation Task Forces  Warning System
    62. 62. Establishment of ICC (Incident Command & Control) Safety Information Liaison Operations Plans Logistics Admin / Finance Command
    63. 63. Deployment of Task Forces Search & Rescue First Aid Fire Fighting
    64. 64. Guides
    65. 65. Announce or Alarm
    66. 66. Response
    67. 67. Shut Off Utilities Electric Gas Water
    68. 68. Assembly
    69. 69. Head Counting
    70. 70. Transport To Homes
    71. 71. Gents Children Ladies Exit Exit Early Warning (Announcement) will disseminate By Mukhi Sahib Assembly Area for Gents Assembly Area for Ladies Incident Command & Control Post CERT FA, SAR, FF CERT FA, SAR, FF Guide Guide
    72. 72.  When notifying to evacuate, do so in a calm and orderly fashion.  Walk, do not run or push  Keep conversation level down  Use the safest route do not become victim  Watch your step
    73. 73.  Take care of slippery floor  assist others in need of assistance  Care should be taken of elderly and disabled persons  Safe Assembly area should be fixed in advance
    74. 74. Types of Man-Made Disaster (Principles of Self safety Food insecurity- indigenous coping mechanisms)
    75. 75.  Bomb Blast  Fire  Violence  Kid Napping  High jacking  War  Deforestation  Road Accidents
    76. 76. • Loss of life • Discontinuation of Livelihood • Injuries • Loss of property • Environmental damage • Governmental, Social and Economical activities are disrupted.
    77. 77. • Never sit in the front of your Home with Drivers or Watch man. • Do not leave old people & Children alone with servants • Don’t Smoke when on the Bed • Keep away match box from children • Always a Keep a Photocopy of CNIC of Servants. Indoor
    78. 78. • Scan the area before getting out of your car. • If you see something suspicious leave this area • Never carry Jewelry in your bag  Out Door
    79. 79.  Don’t Carry weapons  Do not Drive without License and Documents  Late Night Outings should be discouraged  Don’t use mobile during driving
    80. 80. Phone & Mobile  Share telephone code with all family members  Inform your family / relatives’ / friends’ you wish to visit  Always install CLI telephone  Careful Blackmailing calls
    81. 81. Phone & Mobile  Do not make friends through phone  Do not encourage chatting with strangers  Immediate action should be taken on Threatening calls  Never give your information to any stranger  Preferably lock your mobile phone / Land Line Phone at all times.
    82. 82. Safe scenarios • Fire prevention • Falls prevention • Stair way • Poising prevention • Doors
    83. 83. In House Hazards:  Decorated items  Electric wires & items  Windows  Balcony fences  Kitchen utensils 
    84. 84. Disaster preparedness  Talk about the kinds of disasters that can happen where you live.  Talk about emergency responder  Make a plan for emergency if happened.  Talk about Safe places in your home  Select safe places for emergencies out side your home  List of emergency numbers
    85. 85.  Colony Profile  Accesses  Colony Shops  Type of Markets  Entrances  Watch Men at Main Entrances  Responsibilities of Watch Men  Surrounding Area  Rules & Regulation of Colonies  Responsibilities of colony committee
    86. 86. Hazards • Earthquake • Heavy rain • Fire • Crime History • Construction Status Emergency Evacuation  Safe Evacuation Routes  Safe Places for Assembly