Ferran campswinterroadmaintenancemanagementgeneralitatcatalunya2013

116 views
93 views

Published on

Winter Road Maintenance Management in the
Government of Catalonia’s Road Network
Winter Maintenance Management in a over 6,000 km road network in South Europe region

Published in: Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
116
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ferran campswinterroadmaintenancemanagementgeneralitatcatalunya2013

  1. 1. 14TH  INTERNATIONAL  WINTER  ROAD  CONGRESS   Andorra,  4-­‐7  February  2014   Ferran Camps Roqué Deputy Director-General for Road Network Operations Directorate-General for Land Transport Infrastructure ferran.camps@gencat.cat Winter Road Maintenance Management in the Government of Catalonia’s Road Network 14th INTERNATIONAL WINTER ROAD CONGRESS Andorra, 4-7 February 2014
  2. 2. 14TH  INTERNATIONAL  WINTER  ROAD  CONGRESS   Andorra,  4-­‐7  February  2014   2 1 GENERAL FRAMEWORK !  The road network !  Main characteristics of winter road maintenance !  Objectives 2 ORGANIZATION AND AVAILABLE RESOURCES 3 ACTION PLANS !  Preventive Winter Road Maintenance Plan !  Curative Winter Road Maintenance and Snow Removal Plan !  Special Snow Emergency Plan The Directorate-General for Land Transport Infrastructure (DGIMT) activates the Winter Road Maintenance Plan for over 150 days a year. The aim of this plan is to ensure safety, smooth flow and comfort on the road network managed by the Government of Catalonia. !  Control and road operation centres !  Human resources !  Available machinery CONTENTS 14th INTERNATIONAL WINTER ROAD CONGRESS Andorra, 4-7 February 2014
  3. 3. 14TH  INTERNATIONAL  WINTER  ROAD  CONGRESS   Andorra,  4-­‐7  February  2014   General framework1 14th INTERNATIONAL WINTER ROAD CONGRESS Andorra, 4-7 February 2014
  4. 4. XIV  CONGRÉS  INTERNACIONAL  DE  VIABILITAT  INVERNAL   Andorra,  4-­‐7  de  febrer  2014   4 The Catalan road network 4 Catalonia has 12,063 km of road network, of which 6,082 km are managed by the Government of Catalonia !  Catalan roads connect the entire territory and provide service 24 hours a day, 356 days a year to population and socioeconomic centres throughout Catalonia. !  Almost 25% of the Government of Catalonia’s roads are at an altitude above 600 m. Consequently, ice and snow may occur during the entire winter period. Catalan road network by government agency 14th INTERNATIONAL WINTER ROAD CONGRESS Andorra, 4-7 February 2014
  5. 5. XIV  CONGRÉS  INTERNACIONAL  DE  VIABILITAT  INVERNAL   Andorra,  4-­‐7  de  febrer  2014   5 Ice-related incidents on roads 5 These incidents can occur when the temperature drops to 3ºC, depending on relative humidity !  In all Catalonia, the temperature is liable to drop to 3ºC once a year. Consequently, there is a risk of patches of ice forming on the roads. !  Data from the past show that there are on average 120 ice- related incidents on roads every year. !  This figure may vary considerably from year to year, as it is closely linked to the weather. For example: Minimum temperature (ºC) (December – March) Ice-related incidents during the 2012-2013 winter season ! 2009: 259 ice-related incidents ! 2011: 64 ice-related incidents 14th INTERNATIONAL WINTER ROAD CONGRESS Andorra, 4-7 February 2014
  6. 6. XIV  CONGRÉS  INTERNACIONAL  DE  VIABILITAT  INVERNAL   Andorra,  4-­‐7  de  febrer  2014   6 Snow-related incidents on roads 6 These incidents can occur when it snows and the snow settles on the roads !  All of Catalonia, except the coastal area in the southern third, is liable to experience at least one day of snow a year. !  Data from the past show that there are on average 200 snow-related incidents on roads in Catalonia every year. !  This figure may vary considerably from year to year, as it is closely linked to the weather. For example: Snow-related incidents during the 2012-2013 winter season ! 2007: 64 snow-related incidents ! 2009: 521 snow-related incidents Annual number of days of precipitation in the form of snow 14th INTERNATIONAL WINTER ROAD CONGRESS Andorra, 4-7 February 2014
  7. 7. XIV  CONGRÉS  INTERNACIONAL  DE  VIABILITAT  INVERNAL   Andorra,  4-­‐7  de  febrer  2014   7 Avalanche-related incidents on roads 7 These can occur when it snows abundantly, the temperature is low and there are prevailing winds Snow cover at Comalada (2075 m) and Cap del Port (2245 m) 2012-13 !  The main avalanche-related incidents on Catalan roads occur, principally, on the C-28 at the Bonaigua Pass and the C-142b at the access to El Pla de Beret. !  On average, the number of avalanches mapped in recent years is 4 per winter season. !  As in the case of snow and ice, this figure can vary widely every year. 14th INTERNATIONAL WINTER ROAD CONGRESS Andorra, 4-7 February 2014
  8. 8. XIV  CONGRÉS  INTERNACIONAL  DE  VIABILITAT  INVERNAL   Andorra,  4-­‐7  February  2014   8 Objectives 8 1. Ensure safety, smooth flow and comfort on roads during the winter period. 2. Minimize the length of time that road restrictions are in place or roads are closed. 3. Reduce road deterioration caused by ice and snow. 4. Manage operations effectively and efficiently, and ensure that the overall cost is acceptable. 14th INTERNATIONAL WINTER ROAD CONGRESS Andorra, 4-7 February 2014
  9. 9. 14TH  INTERNATIONAL  WINTER  ROAD  CONGRESS   Andorra,  4-­‐7  February  2014   Organization and available resources2 14th INTERNATIONAL WINTER ROAD CONGRESS Andorra, 4-7 February 2014
  10. 10. XIV  CONGRÉS  INTERNACIONAL  DE  VIABILITAT  INVERNAL   Andorra,  4-­‐7  February  2014   10 Vic Road Control Centre 10 The Vic Road Control Centre is the base for monitoring the state of the roads 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, and activating the action and emergency plans. During the 2012-2013 winter season, the Vic Road Control Centre registered the following: Location of winter road maintenance incidents (2012-2013) Vic Road Control Centre Incidents 5,800 Winter road maintenance incidents 143 Winter maintenance incidents 14th INTERNATIONAL WINTER ROAD CONGRESS Andorra, 4-7 February 2014
  11. 11. XIV  CONGRÉS  INTERNACIONAL  DE  VIABILITAT  INVERNAL   Andorra,  4-­‐7  February  2014   11 Road operation centres 11 Types Centres Indirect management (concession) 12 Direct management 25 Total 37 Location of road operation centres !  The service is provided in all of Catalonia due to 37 road operation centres distributed throughout the territory. !  Resources are allocated according to the characteristics of each area. For example:: Tortosa centre 1 snowplough Esterri d’Àneu centre 8 snowploughs Direct management Indirect management (concession) 14th INTERNATIONAL WINTER ROAD CONGRESS Andorra, 4-7 February 2014
  12. 12. XIV  CONGRÉS  INTERNACIONAL  DE  VIABILITAT  INVERNAL   Andorra,  4-­‐7  February  2014   12 Available machinery 12 120 machines 7 machines Over half the machines are located in the northern third of Catalonia, and 20 units are dedicated to the maintenance of the four main roads that provide access to the Pyrenees. SNOWPLOUGHS SNOW BLOWERS 14th INTERNATIONAL WINTER ROAD CONGRESS Andorra, 4-7 February 2014
  13. 13. XIV  CONGRÉS  INTERNACIONAL  DE  VIABILITAT  INVERNAL   Andorra,  4-­‐7  February  2014   13 Bulk salt storage facilities 13 Location of the bulk salt storage facilities 29 stores 35 silos To carry out the winter road maintenance activities, various sites throughout the Catalan territory have silos and stores of salt and brine. De-icing agent Amount Salt 10,996 t Brine 110 m3 The silos and stores contain the following: 14th INTERNATIONAL WINTER ROAD CONGRESS Andorra, 4-7 February 2014
  14. 14. 14TH  INTERNATIONAL  WINTER  ROAD  CONGRESS   Andorra,  4-­‐7  February  2014   Action plans3 14th INTERNATIONAL WINTER ROAD CONGRESS Andorra, 4-7 February 2014
  15. 15. XIV  CONGRÉS  INTERNACIONAL  DE  VIABILITAT  INVERNAL   Andorra,  4-­‐7  de  febrer  2014   15 Preventive Winter Road Maintenance Plan 15 This plan is activated mainly to stop patches of ice from forming and to prevent snow from settling !  On the basis of data from the meteorological stations (MeteoCat and DGIMT) that provide information on: !  Experience and optimization of routes. !  Winter Road Maintenance Management System. !  Temperature on the road !  Humidity !  Wind !  Salt or brine is spread on the road, depending on the humidity, to stop patches of ice or snow from forming on the road. !  This plan is fully operational for over 150 days a year. !  This type of actions are carried out on 60% of the km covered by snow removal machines. How are the areas that require action selected? Characteristics 14th INTERNATIONAL WINTER ROAD CONGRESS Andorra, 4-7 February 2014
  16. 16. XIV  CONGRÉS  INTERNACIONAL  DE  VIABILITAT  INVERNAL   Andorra,  4-­‐7  de  febrer  2014   16 Curative Winter Road Maintenance and Snow Removal Plan 16 This plan is activated to remove patches of ice and snow that have appeared on roads !  When one of the following groups informs the centres that there is snow on the roads: !  Users !  Mossos d’Esquadra police force !  Monitoring teams (DGIMT) !  Winter Road Maintenance Management System !  Salt is spread on the road to eliminate patches of ice and snow that have formed. Treatments are carried out according to the temperature and humidity. !  This plan is usually implemented approximately 30 days a year. !  This kind of action is carried out on almost 40% of the km of roads on which snow removal machines operate. When is it activated? Characteristics 14th INTERNATIONAL WINTER ROAD CONGRESS Andorra, 4-7 February 2014
  17. 17. XIV  CONGRÉS  INTERNACIONAL  DE  VIABILITAT  INVERNAL   Andorra,  4-­‐7  February  2014   17 Levels of priority of actions on the roads 17 Priority 1 roads Priority 2 roads 14th INTERNATIONAL WINTER ROAD CONGRESS Andorra, 4-7 February 2014
  18. 18. XIV  CONGRÉS  INTERNACIONAL  DE  VIABILITAT  INVERNAL   Andorra,  4-­‐7  de  febrer  2014   18 Extraordinary episodes 18 There is a legal and functional framework for responding to all emergencies caused by snow and avalanches !  To respond rapidly and effectively to minimize potential damage to people, property and the environment. !  Re-establish basic services for the population as quickly as possible (particularly transport). Special Snow Emergency Plan (NeuCat) Special Avalanche Emergency Plan (AllauCat) OBJECTIVES: Level 1 Risk Situation From 0 m to 600 m > 0 cm From 600 m to 800 m > 5 cm From 800 m to 1,500 m > 20 cm Level 2 Risk Situations From 0 m to 400 m > 5 cm From 400 m to 800 m > 20 cm From 800 m to 1,500 m > 40 cm Road network risk situations due to the effects of snowfalls: 14th INTERNATIONAL WINTER ROAD CONGRESS Andorra, 4-7 February 2014
  19. 19. XIV  CONGRÉS  INTERNACIONAL  DE  VIABILITAT  INVERNAL   Andorra,  4-­‐7  February  2014   19 General data 19 2012 – 2013 winter season Total distance covered 570,344 km Hours worked 20,149 hours km covered in curative actions and snow removal km covered in preventive operations Km.Km. 14th INTERNATIONAL WINTER ROAD CONGRESS Andorra, 4-7 February 2014
  20. 20. 14TH  INTERNATIONAL  WINTER  ROAD  CONGRESS   Andorra,  4-­‐7  February  2014   Winter Road Maintenance Management in the Government of Catalonia’s Road Network 14th INTERNATIONAL WINTER ROAD CONGRESS Andorra, 4-7 February 2014 Ferran Camps Roqué Deputy Director-General for Road Network Operations Directorate-General for Land Transport Infrastructure ferran.camps@gencat.cat

×