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Doc 9156 accident incident reporting manual

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  • 1. Dot 9156-AN/900 ACCIDENT/INCIDENT --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- REPORTING MANUAL (ADREP MANUAL) SECOND EDITION - 1987 Approved by the Secretary General and published under his authority INTERNATIONAL Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS CIVIL AVIATION Not for Resale ORGANIZATION
  • 2. Published in separate English, French, Russian and Spanish editions by the International Civil Aviation Organization. All correspondence, except orders and subscriptions, should be addressed to the Secretary General. Orders for this publication should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriateremittance(by bank draft or post office money order) in U.S. dollars or the currency of the country in which the order is placed. DocumentSalesUnit International Civil Aviation Organization 1000SherbrookeStreet West, Suite 400 Montreal, Quebec CanadaH3A 2R2 Egypt. ICAO Representative, Middle East and EasternAfrican Office, 16 HassanSabri, Zamalek, Cairo. France. ReprCsentant I’ de OACI, Bureau Europe, 3 bis, villa gmile-Bergerat, 92522Neuilly-sur-Seine (Cedex). India. Oxford Book and StationeryCo., Scindia House, New Delhi or 17 Park Street, Calcutta. ./upon. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, 15-12,I-chome, Toranomon, Minato-Ku, Tokyo. Kenya ICAO Representative, EasternAfrican Office, United Nations Accommodation,P.O. Box 46294Nairobi. Mexico. Representante la OACI, Oficina Norteamericay Caribe, de Apartado postal 5-377,C.P. 11590,Mtxico 5, D.F. Peru. Representante la OACI, Oficina SudamCrica, de Apartado 4127, Lima 100. Senegal.ReprCsentant I’ de OACI, Bureau Afrique, Boite postale2356, Dakar. Spain. Pilot’ SuministrosAeronButicos,S.A., C/Ulises, 5-Oficina Ndm. 2, 28043Madrid. s, Thailand. ICAO Representative, and Pacific Office, P.O. Box 614, Bangkok. Asia United Kingdom. Civil Aviation Authority, Printing and PublicationsServices, Greville House, 37 Gratton Road, Cheltenham,Glos., GLSO2BN. --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Do you receive the ICAO BULLETIN? The ICAO Bulletin contains a concise account of the activities of the Organization as well as articles of interest to the aeronautical world. The Bulletin publications, and prices. will also keep you up to date on the latest ICAO their contents, amendments, supplements, corrigenda Available in three separate editions: English, French and Spanish. Annual subscription: U.S.$20.00 (surface mail); U.S.$25.00 (air mail). Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  • 3. Accident/Incident Reporting Manual (ADREP Manual) (Dot 91561ANBOO) SECOND EDITION - --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale 1987
  • 4. AMENDMENTS --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- The issue of amendments announcedin the ICAO Bulletin and in the monthly is supplements to the Catalogue of ICAO Publications, which holders of this publication should consult. These amendmentsare available free upon request. (ii) Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  • 5. ICAO 9156 tt W 4843416 001899=l 294 - Foreword The 1979 Accident Prevention and Investigation Divisional Meeting made recommendations with respect to the ADREP system in general and the manual in particular. Subsequently, an ADREP Study Group was created to assist the Secretariat with implementing these recommendations. .Finally, the new coding methods used reflect recent developments in some States which use electronic data processing for the processing of accident and incident data. --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- As a result, this second edition is significantly different from the first. Most notably, the reporting forms have been redesigned to make the compiler’ task easier by s introducing a method which allows the compiler to mark a choice instead of entering a code. Further, a “build your own” method has been developed for the coding of factors, replacing that of having to select codes from a relatively limited list of choices. As well, information which in the past was rarely or never reported nor used for extraction has been deleted. The reduction in the information required for the reports amounts to some 30 per cent. Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  • 6. ICAO 9356 ** M 484B41b 0019000 604 W Table of Contents Page Page Chapter 1. General . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1 Introduction ........................ 1.2 ADREP information servicesavailable to States ........................... 1.3 Accidents ........................... 1.4 Incidents ........................... 1:5 Report forms and codes .............. 1.6 Reporting accuracy .................. Chapter 5. Requestsby States for ADREP information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 10 1 5.1 Use of information .................. 5.2 Designated officials .................. 5.3 Contents of the data bank ............ 5.4 Searching the data bank. ............. 5.5 Requests ........................... Format for ADREP Information Request ... 10 10 10 10 10 11 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Introduction ........................ Short-answer questions ............... The sequenceof events. .............. Narratives .......................... Appendix .2. Codes for aircraft by manufacturer and model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 3. Special instructions for some identifiers . . . . . . .._..........I............ Chapter 4. Coding of factors ............... 4.1 General ............................ 4.2 Descriptive factors. .................. 4.3 Explanatory factors .................. A6-1 A7-1 Appendix 8. Examples of completed report forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 8 8 A5-1 Appendix 7. Types of aircraft incidents of main interest to the InternationaI Civil Aviation Organization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . 7 A4-1 Appendix 6. Codes for explanatory factors . . . 5 A3-1 Appendix 5. Codes for descriptive factors . . . . 3 3 3 4 A2-1 Appendix 3. Codes for aircraft engines by manufacturer and model . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Al-l Appendix 4. Codes for events and phases . . . . Chapter 2. General instructions for compiling the ADREP reports ....................... Appendix 1, Codes for States, Territories and Oceans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A8-1 (v) Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS / ., Not for Resale
  • 7. ICAO 7356 *it m 484l,4j,b 001qOO1 540 m Chapter 1 General 1.1 INTRODUCTION In accordance with Annex 13 - Aircraft Accident Investigation, States report to ICAO information on all aircraft accidents which involve aircraft of a maximum certificated take-off mass of over 2 250 kg. The Organization also gathers information on aircraft incidents considered important for safety and accident prevention. For ease of reference, in this manual the term “occurrence” signifies both accidents and incidents. 1.3 ACCIDENTS General 1.3.1 The term “accident” is defined in Annex 13, which should be consulted if a precise definition is needed. Generally, an accident has occurred when: a) a person is fatally or seriously injured; or b) the aircraft sustains major damage or structural failure; or 1.2 c) the aircraft is missing. ADREP INFORMATION SERVICES AVAILABLE TO STATES --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- When ADREP reports are received from States, the information is first checkedand then stored in a computer. The stored reports constitute a data bank of world-wide occurrencesto provide States with the following services: 1.3.2 The reporting to ICAO of an accident is usually done twice, first with a short report called a “Preliminary Report” and, when the investigation is completed, with a complete report called an “Accident Data Report”. Preliminary a) a bimonthly summary of reports received,providing States with an up-to-date picture of significant occurrenceson a world-wide basis, as well as with an opportunity to check their reports as processedby ICAO. States are requested to advise ICAO of any errors found; b) annual ADREP statistics, presenting statistical information under broad categoriessuch as the types of events which took place and the phases of operation in which they occurred; and c) replies to States’requests for specific information. States requesting information for specific safety problems should forward to ICAO a request for information outlining the problem under study. Chapter 5 of this manual provides the format to be used by States for such an “ADREP Information Request”. Repliesmay be sent using mail, telex, etc., depending on the urgency of the request and the amount of data to be sent. Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Report 1.3.3 Some factual and circumstantial information related to an accident is normally available within the first weeks of the investigation. The Preliminary Report form is used to report this information. A Preliminary Report is to be sent by the State conducting the investigation as shown in the table below. To (StatedICAO) Stateof Registry or For (aircraft category) Aircraft over 2 250 kg 6.1; 6.2 Aircraft 2 250 kg and less, if airworthiness is involved 6.3 State of Occurrence State of the Operator State of Manufacture State providing information ICAO (Attention: AIG) Same as above (excluding ICAO) Annex 13 reference 1.3.4 Preliminary Report forms shall be completed for accidents only; they shall not be completed for incidents. Not for Resale
  • 8. 2 ADREP Manual Accident Data Report 1.3.6 When the investigation has been completed and the Final Report approved, an Accident Data Report is to be compiled. (Note that the combined Accident/Incident Data Report form is used for this.) The purpose of this report is to provide accurate and complete information, including factors (causes) and safety recommendations. The Accident Data Report is to be sent by the State conducting the investigation as follows (Annex 13, 6.7 and 6.8 refer): To ICAO (Attention: AIG) For Aircraft over 2 250 kg. 1.3.7 If an investigation is re-opened, the information previously reported should be corrected by a new report. 1.4 IN.CIDENTS General 1.4.1 An incident is an occurrence, other than an accident, associatedwith the operation of an aircraft, which affects or could affect the safety of operation. The type of incidents which are of main interest to ICAO, are listed in Appendix 7. Incident Data Report 1.4.2 There is no obligation for States to conduct an investigation into an incident. However, if a State has found an incident significant enough to warrant an investigation, then an Incident Data Report should be sent. (Note that the combined Accident/Incident Data Report form is used for this.) Annex 13, 6.9, recommends that incidents involving aircraft of over 5 700 kg be reported if the investigation has revealed matters consideredto be of interest to other States. Preliminary Reports are not to be completed for incidents; instead, an Incident Data Report should be distributed as follows: To ICAO (Attention: AIG) For Aircraft over 5 700 kg. Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 1.4.3 Considering the sensitivity in some Statesregarding the dissemination of incident information, the following constraints are placed upon the use of incident data: a) ICAO will use incident information for the purpose of accident prevention only; b) ICAO will not conduct analyses based only on aircraft incident information without identifying it as such; and c) ICAO will, before publication, delete the name of the State of Registry, the registration and the name of the owner/operator. 1.5 REPORT FORMS AND CODES 1.5.1 The Preliminary Report and Accident/Incident Data Report forms have been revised for the second edition of this manual and differ significantly from previous versions. Wherever possible, the coding of information is now done by marking a choice on the form rather than by entering a code. 15.2 In some cases,however, there are so many possible choices that it would be impractical to put them all on the reporting form. For these, coding is necessary. The compiler must select the appropriate code and enter it on the form together with the plain text (the plain text entry is required in ICAO for data verification). Explanations are found in Chapters 2, 3 and 4 and examples of completed Preliminary and Accident Data Report forms are presented in Appendix 8. 1.5.3 Blank copies of the. two report forms have been sent to Statestogether with this manual. Additional copies may be obtained from ICAO. States should send their requests for forms to: International Civil Aviation Organization. Attention: Distribution Officer 1000 Sherbrooke Street West Montreal, Quebec Canada H3A 2R2 1.6 REPORTING ACCURACY The validity of the safety information which ICAO provides to States depends on the care with which occurrences have been investigated and reported. Thus it is in the interest of all Statesto accurately report all occurrences in accordance with Annex 13 and this manual. Only then can ICAO provide the correct and complete information required for accident prevention. Not for Resale --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 1.3.5 A Preliminary Report shall be sent to ICAO and the Statesshown in the table within 30 days of the date of the accident. If within 30 days the accident investigation is completed and an Accident Data Report can be compiled and sent to ICAO, no Preliminary Report is necessary.
  • 9. ICAO '=lL5b *Kt - 484L4Lb OOl,=lOO3 3L3 - Chapter 2 General Instructions for Compiling the ADREP Reports 2.1 2.2.2 In an effort to resolve some of the problems that may be faced by the compiler while answering the questions, special instructions have been provided for certain identifiers that may require clarification. These special instructions appear in Chapter 3 of this manual. INTRODUCTION The ADREP forms gather information by means of three methods. The compiler is asked to: a) reply to short-answer questions; b) list the sequenceof events of the occurrence; and 2.3 THE SEQUENCE OF EVENTS c) describe the occurrence in narrative form. 2.3.1 Many accidents, and some incidents, are comprised of several related “events”, such as “engine failure” “undershoot”, where one event leads to another. In the ADREP system, the occurrence is described by listing the events. The expression, “phase”, is used to indicate in which phaseof flight a certain event occurred and is always paired with event. Note that pairs must be complete; an event without its matching phase is of little value. Theseare explained in detail in the paragraphs that follow, and examplesof completed report forms can be found in Appendix 8 2.2 SHORT-ANSWER QUESTIONS 2.3.2 The forms provide space for five pairs of events and phases. Since events and phasesare to be recorded by computer, it is necessary to use standard terms when compIeting the forms and to be as specific as possible. The terms and codes for events and phases can be found ‘ in Appendix 4. 2.2.1 Short-answer questions are those which ask for factual information consisting of a word or a figure. Each of these questions is presented in one of the following ways: a) Multiple choice (most of the questions on the form are presented this way). Mark with an (x) the applicable choice. 2.3.3 The example below shows how the description of an occurrence is broken down into. its events and phases for coding purposes. b) Coded information (together with its plain text). Select the appropriate code from the applicable appendix of the manual, enter it in the space provided and then write the meaning of the code in plain text. (The plain text is essentialfor verification of codes in ICAO.) Example: During initial climb the check pilot simulated a failure of the left engine and the aircraft returned for a single engine landing. On final approach the right engine failed. The aircraft landed hard, the student lost directional control, and the aircraft struck the runway lights and went off the runway. c) Direct entry (such as date, time and place names). Use letters or figures, as required. Leave a blank space between words as in normal writing, Plain text 1. Event: Power loss - first engine, simulated engine failure Phase: Initial climb For reference purposes, each short-answer question has been assignedan identifier. 3 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale Code 206 032
  • 10. I_-.-- __~ IC A O 9 3 5 6 * * W -~__- 4 B4 L 4 l b O O L 7 0 0 4 2 5 T A D R E PM a n u a l Pla i n x t te Co d e 2 . E v e n t: P o w e lro s s a d d i ti o n anl g i n e , e u n s p e c i fi e d 219 063 P h a s e F i n aal p p ro a c h : 3 . E v e n t: H a rdl a n d i n g P h a s e L e v eol ff/to u c h d o w n : 263 071 4 . E v e n t: L o s s f d i re c ti o n a ln tro l o co P h a s e L a n d i n gl l : ro 141 072 5 . E v e n t: C o l l i s i - n ru n w a lyi g h ts o P h a s e L a n d i n gl l : ro i n v e s ti g a tiaosnu, m m a s h o u lbdei n c l u d iend e n a rra ry th ti v e .T h ere c o m m e n d a s h o u l b e p re c e d b y th e ti o n s d ed w o rd s a fe ty c o m m e n d a ti o ncsl ”.daes u m m a o f “s re In u ry a n yp re v e n tiavceti o nasl re a d y k e n , ta 2 .4 .5 It i s i m p o rta n t b e b ri e fa n dc l e a r. o m m o n to C a b b re v i a ti o n s ,h o w nn T a b l 2 -l b e l o ws, h o u l b e as i e d u s e dP. l e a sty p eo r p ri n tth e n a rra ti vaen du s ed o u b l e e spacing. 03G 072 T a b l e -1 . L i s t o f a b b re v i a ti o fo s u s e,i n n a rra ti v e s 2 nr A b b re v i a ti o n W o rd r u h ra s e o A /C A i r c r a ft N o te .- T h e x a m pal b o vhea s e eenx tra c te d fro m e b th e A i r p o rt A /P s a m p Pe e l i m i n a ry p o rtn A p p e n d 8 x l r Re i i. AG L A b o v e ro u n ld v e l g e APP A p p ro a c h AT C A i r tra ffi c c o n tro l CAT C a te g o ry 2 .4 N A R R A T IV E S DEQ D e g re e DM E D i s ta n c ee a s u rienqgu i p m e n t m DRN D a tare p o rt a rra ti v e n P r e l i m i n a ry e p o rt R F -T Feet F T /M IN F e ept e rm i n u te 2 .4 .1 T h en a rra ti vpero v i d e sb ri e f e s c ri p tioofnth e a d H o u rs a c c i d e innt,c l u d i e m e rg e n c rc u m s ta n c egsn i fi c a n t H ng ci y si , In d i c a te d rs p e e d ai fa c ts n d th ere l e v ai n tfo rm a ti oItns. h o u a d s ion c l u d e IA S a o r l l IL S In s tru m e lnat n d i n g s te m sy a n yc o rre c ti a e ti o ta k e n r u n d ecro n s i d e ra iti o ni s vc n o f th IN F O In fo rm a ti o n i s k n o w n t th e e a rl y ta g e f th e i n v e s ti g a ti T h e a s o on. KG K i l o g ra m s n a rra ti v e a lnl o te x c e e d 0 o rd sIt. i s i m p o rta th ta t sh 20 w n KM K i l o m e tre s i t b e b ri e fa n d c l e a r. s e th e a b b re v i a ti loi n te d n U ss i K n o ts T a b l 2 -1a n d p eo r p ri n th e n a rra ti v en d s e o u b l e K T e ty t a u d LB Po u n d s spacing. M M e tre s MI S ta tu te i l e m M IN M i n u te A c c i d e n t/In c i d eD a ta R e p o rt nt M /S M e tre p e rs e c o n d s 2 .4 .2 W h e n P r e l i m i n aRry p o rt a sb e e p re v i o u s l y M S L a e h n M e a n e ae v e l s l s u b m i tte de re s n o n e e to re p e a n fo rm a ti o n re a d y N D B th i d i t al N o n -d i re c ti obneaal c o n re p o rte H o w e v e r, ln e w n fo rm a ti o n sb ei n c l u d e d . N M d. al i mu t N a u ti c a l i l e m PAR S e e n g e th e th e tw o n a rra ti v e s o u l p ro v i d th e to r, sh d e P r e c i s i o n p ro a rahd a r ap c c o m p l e tes to ry f th efl i g h t, ea n a l y s in d o n c l u s i o n s P A X hi o th a sc P a s s e n g e r(s ) o f th ei n v e s ti g a a n d es a fe ty c o m m e n d am a d s . P IL O T ti o n th re ti o n e P i l o t-i n -c o m m a n d RPM T h en a rra ti vse o u lndo te x c e e d 0 o rd s . h 20 w R e v o l u ti o nesrm i n u te p RW Y Ru n wa y 2 .4 .3 W h e a P r e l i m i n a ry p o h a s o t e e s u b m i tte d S n Re rt n b n Se c o n d s (e i th ei rn th e c a s o f a n i n c i d e o r, w h e n n a c c i d e n t T e nt a M e tri c n to i n v e s ti g a tihoansb e e n o m p l e te dth i n3 0 d a y s th e c wi ) T AS T ru ea i rs p e e d V IS n a rra ti vm u s p ro v i dth e h i s to ry f th e fl i g h a n dth e e t e o t V i s i b i l i ty a n a l y s in d o n c l u s ioo fn sei n v e s ti g a ti o s u c c a s e s V O R a sc th In n . h V e ryh i g h q u e n c y fre a to ta lo f 4 0 0 o rd s a yb eu s e d . w m o m n i d i re c ti o ndai lo n g e ra ra 2 .4 .4 If s a fe ty re c o m m e n d a ti (pnro p o s a l fo r o s s p re v e n ti a c ti o nh) a v e e e n a d e s a re s u l o f th e ve b m a t N o te .- S o m e ti m l e sn g o rd ss, u c h s th e n a m eosf o w a g e o g ra p lhoi c a ti o n srea b b re v i a w i d a p e ri o d . c a , te th --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  • 11. ICAO 7356 ** - qBLJL4Lb 0017005 196 W Chapter 3 Special Instructions for some Identifiers The following special instructions apply to those identifiers which, on the reporting forms, are.marked by the symbol: l 010s Enter the length of time the aircraft was airborne. Enter 0 if the accident occurred before the aircraft was airbprne. 0201 State reporting Injury index If a precise definition is needed, consult Annex 13. Generally, an injury is considered serious if it: Enter code and plain text from Appendix 1. State/area of occurrence Enter code and plain text from Appendix 1. 0010 a) requires hospitalization for more than 48 hours; Aircraft b) results in a fracture of any bone; manufacturer Enter code and name from Appendix 2. If a code cannot be found, omit the code but enter the manufacturer’ name in plain text. s a 0011 Aircraft c) involves lacerations which cause severe hemorrhage, nerve, muscle or tendon damage; model d) involves injury to any internal organ; Enter code and model or series name from Appendix 2. If a code cannot be found, omit the code but enter the name of the model/series in plain text. 0013 e) involves second or third degree burns; or f) involves verified exposure to infectious substancesor injurious radiation. State of registry An injury is classified as fatal if death results from the injury within 30 days from the date of the accident. Enter code and plain text from Appendix 1. 0014 Operator’ name s For airlines: if known, enter the three-letter designator as a code followed by the name as plain text. If not known, enter the name only. 0104 a 0301 . If a precise definition is needed, consult Annex 13. Generally, damage to an aircraft is considered “substantial” if the damage: General aviation Type of operation: Note that all operations, except those coded as “airline operations” should be coded under “general aviation”. ICAO considers air taxi operations to be “airline operations”. Off-shore operations are considered “general aviation” and must be coded here. a) adversely affects the structural strength, performance or flight characteristics of the aircraft; and b) would normally require major repair or replacement of the affected component, 5 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Damage to aircraft Not for Resale --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 0004 of flight Instructions Identifier OVOl Duration
  • 12. 6 ADREP Manual except for engine failure with only engine damage, and damage to minor aircraft components. Other crew members 0518 1005 1006 Enter information for a flight crew member, other than the pilot-in-command. If there is more than one “other flight crew member”, enter information for the one most involved in the accident. Information related to a “third other flight crew member” can be entered using identifier 0535 and following. Enter direct, such as 23, 23L, 23R. Enter the manufacturer code and name from Appendix 3 of the manual. If the code cannot be found, omit the code and enter the name only. The length available does not include runway end safety areas, i.e. overrun/ undershoot areas. 1009 1108 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Code: 13 Reason why not recorded If there was more than one reason why the recording could not be recovered, enter the most important reason only. Plain text: Continental 1202 Engine model Enter the model/series code from Appendix 3. If the code cannot be found, omit it. Enter the complete name of the model in the plain text field. Do not use the abbreviated name found in Appendix 3. Mark position of aircraft Mark the area in which the aircraft came to rest. 1203/1204 Co-ordinates of aircraft In the example on the form, the bearing would be 315” and the distance as measured from the threshold. Example: The engine made1 for Engine Continental R-670-F should be entered as: Code: 22 Reason for data loss If there was more than one reason for the data loss, enter only the most important. 1118 Note.- For heliizopter occurrences on heliports enter only the distance from the wreckage to the point of intended landing. Plain text: R-670-F Last ground station in contact with the a/c If the last communication was with “ground control”, “clearance delivery”, etc., use “1 - Aerodrome control tower”. 1002 Slope For runways with varying slope, such as updown-up, enter the over-all slope of the runway. Example: The engine manufacturer for Engine Continental R-670-F should be entered as: 0901 Available length Engine manufacturer 0612 0613 Runway identifier 1502 Location indicator 1505 A searchwas successfulif the aircraft or the occupants were located. Location indicators are printed on the instrument approach charts for the aerodrome. Some location indicators for international aerodromes are also found in ICAO Dot 7910, Location Indicators. Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Search success Method of locating site If the ELBA(ELT) signal was picked up by a SAR Satellite, use “7 - SAR Satellite and ELBA”. If the ELBA(ELT) signal was used in another way select “1 - ELBA(ELT) only”. Not for Resale
  • 13. ICAO 9356 $* m 4843436 OOL9007 Tb’ m =l Chapter 4 Coding of Factors 4.1 simply ask yourself if you would like this accident to come out in responseto a request for information based on that factor. If the answer is yes, include the factor. GENERAL 4.1.1 Factors show why an accident or incident happened.The determination of factors is therefore one of the most important aspectsof the Accident/Incident Data Report, and all factors established in the investigation should be included. 4.1.3 Note that with ADREP you do not concern yourself with distinguishing so-called primary factors and contributing factors. Such distinctions are very difficult to make, time-consuming and often arbitrary. Instead, you simply code all the factors which were found in the investigation along with the events to which they related, usually in the order in which they occurred. 4.1.2 Factors are recorded in the report in such a way as to allow their components to be coded and recorded by computer. The simple reason for putting information in a computer is to be able to extract it later under a different heading. Experience shows that factors are very often the reference used when extracting information about accidents. If, for instance, you are studying accidents concerning “inadequate flight training” and submit a request for accidents involving that factor, ICAO can produce a printout of information on such accidents, providing that factor has been coded in the ADREP reports. If in doubt about including a specific factor, 4.1.4 The Accident/Incident Data Report form provides 10 pagesfor the coding of events and factors. To describe the events, up to five “descriptive factors” can be entered for each event. To explain the events, up to three “explanatory factors” can be entered for each descriptive factor. (Should the compiler wish to code more factors for any event, additional sheets, such as photocopies of the form, may be used.) The diagram below illustrates how the two types of factors relate to the events of an occurrence, --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- I -Descriptive Factor Descriptive Factor Descriptive Factor Explanatory .factor Explanatory factor Explanatory ‘ factor Explanatory c factor Explanatory c factor Explanatory .factor Explanatory 1 factor Explanatory 1 factor 7 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale c Explanatory factor
  • 14. I__ ICAO 9L5b ** ~~~- ----. - 484L4Lb OOL9008 VT5 m 8 ADREP Manual 4.2 DESCRIPTIVE FACTORS 4.2.1 Descriptive factors describe, in detail, what happened during an event by listing all phenomena present.If possible,the descriptivefactors should be coded in chronological order. If not possible, background information on terrain and weather should be coded first and descriptionsof what people did should be coded last. Some descriptivefactors expressthe same information as some of the event codes. This duplication is necessary to verify the factors’coding. 4.2.2 It is not intendedthat descriptivefactors be usedto lay blame on any person. In fact, the person or group of personsthat theoretically could be held responsiblefor an occurrencecannot be coded in a descriptive factor. 4.2.3 Descriptive factors consist of two parts: a subject and a modifier. The subject provides information on what was involved and the modifier gives the details. a) Subjects for descriptive factors. The subjects are listed in Appendix 5 and are grouped under the headings “Airframe”, “Powerplant”, “Components unique to helicopters”, “Aircraft Operations”, “Aircraft Servicing and Maintenance”,; “Air Traffic Control Service”, “Aerodrome/ heliport“, “Weather” and “Terrain”. The codes. are identical to thoseusedby the United Kingdom CAA, and the codes for the aircraft and its systemsare similar to those in the Air Transport Association of America (ATA) 100list. You should use the subject which most closely correspondsin meaningto, what has been written in the investigation report. Should you be unable to find the desiredsubject in the list, use a less specific subject and explain your problem in the narrative. These problems will then be dealt with by ICAO when preparing the next revision of this manual. b) Modifiers for descriptive factors. Some 450 modifiers are listed in Appendix 5. To make your searcheasier,the modifiers are listed alphabetically and those that can be referred to by more than one key word havebeenlisted in more than one place; for example,looking up either “missing part” or “part - missing” will lead to the same code: “480”. To simplify the task of choosing modifiers, the list has beenpresented two parts that are readily visible to in the right and to the left of the list of subjects, on fold-out pages. This eliminates the need to turn pageswhile searchingfor the appropriate modifier; the entire list can be consulted at a glance, 4.2.4 Subjects and modifiers are combined to create descriptive factors as shown in the example below. Every subject must have at least one modifier and may have as many as three. In cases where there is more than one modifier it is not necessary repeat the subject for each to modifier. Example: On final approach, the right engine failed. The causeof the engine failure was a fuel pump seizure. The pump had been overhauled by an unqualified mechanic. The repair shop had beenusing unskilled personnelin spite of directives from the Aviation Administration. The left enginewas not re-startedbecause student did not know the the procedure.It had not beencoveredin ground training. Event: Power loss - additional engine,mechanicalfailure Phase: Final approach Descriptive factors derived from the above narrative: Subject Enginedrivenfuel pump. . . . . . incorrect assembly; frictionexcessive; seized/j/jammed Religiitprocedure. . . . . . . . . . .. not followed; . not understood Note.- The exampleabovehas beenextractedfrom the sample Accident/Incident Data Report in Appendix 8. (SeeEvent 2 of the sample report.) 4.3 EXPLANATORY FACTORS 4.3.1 Explanatory factors explain why the event happened. They are used to determine what preventive action may be required. Consequently,explanatory factors only make sensewhen the involvement of organizationsor personsrelated to the occurrencecan be established.If the investigation did not prove the involvement of a person or organization, it should not be coded as an explanatory factor. 4.3.2 The explanatory factors intentionally do not allow the coding of technical difficulties or failures. For ADREP, technical problems will be described by descriptive factors only even though the malfunction or failure of a part may start a chain of other malfunctions or failures. Explanatory factors should ans.wer the question of who was responsibleand what can be done to prevent future technical failures. --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Modifier(s) Not for Resale
  • 15. ICAO 9156 %% m 48414Lb OOL7009 83L W 9 Chapter 4 - Coding of Factors 4.3.3 Three explanatory.factors may be entered for each descriptive factor. If possible, code the explanatory factors in chronological order. Otherwise, code the factors so that subsequent factors explain the preceding ones. If more than three explanatory factors are required, code the three most important ones and mention the remainder in the narrative. 4.3.4 Explanatory factors, which Appendix 6, consist of three parts: are listed in a) the title or designation of an organization or person that indicates those involved or resp’ onsible; b) a subject that shows the area of involvement; and ‘ a modifier that shows the nature of the involvement. c) Example: The narrative in the example of 4.2.4 gives rise to the following three explanatory factors related to the first descriptive factor. Organization/ Person Subjecr Maintenance engmeer . . . . . . . . knowledge . . . . . . . . inadequate Repair shop management.. . . , recruitment. . . . . . . substandard CAA - general . . . directives . . . . . . . . . not enforced Note.- The example above has been extractedfrom the sample Accident/Incident Data Report in Appendix 8. (See Event 2 of the sample report.) --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Modifier Not for Resale
  • 16. _I ICAO 915b ~~__ tt m - _~__~_ 4B4L4Lb -- 0019OLO _ - -.. 553 - Chapter 5 Requests by States for ADREP Information 5.1 under study should be expressed general. in terms and the request should indicate the urgency and method of reply and also the type of output required. Computer printouts are availablein English, French or Spanishand in standard and non-standard output formats as described below. ICAO will endeavour to respond to requests within 24 hours of receiving them. USE OF INFORMATION The ICAO ADREP database of accident/incident information is used to provide States with flight safety information. States’administrations are encouraged to requestADREP information from ICAO to assistthem in their accident investigation and prevention efforts. For example,if it is suspected an investigationthat a specific in malfunction or failure has occurred, information on similar occurrencesmay be helpful in the investigation. ADREP information is also used by States for accident prevention studies, including those prompted by operators, manufacturers and safety organizations. Requests will be answered by ICAO with the understandingthat the ADREP information be usedfor accidentprevention only. 5.2 DESIGNATED Standard output 5.5.2 There are three standard output formats: a) a full print that contains all the information contained in a report and usually consists of about four pagesper report; OFFICIALS States have designatedofficials who are authorized to request ADREP information. Requestsfor information must originate from theseofficials and must be expressed in one of the working languagesof ICAO. States have provided ICAO with a list that specifies,for eachofficial, name, official designation or title, office address and telephonenumber. Statesare requested inform ICAO of to any changesto their list of designatedofficials. 5.3 CONTENTS OF THE DATA BANK SEARCHING Non-standard output 5.5.3 There are two types of non-standard output: a) occurrence summaries that can contain any identifiers specified by the originator; and b) statistical printouts including frequencies,two-way or three-way cross tabulations involving any identifier. ADREP information is basedupon some 12 500reports of which approximately 9 000 are Accident/Incident Data Reports (as of the end of 1986). 5.4 b) a brief print that contains the information essential to understanding the occurrence, including factors and narrative and usually consists of about two pages;and c) standard statistics that present events, phases and factors in statistical form, and are usually produced when more than ten reports are involved. ICAO will try to produce any other type of output which may be needed. THE DATA BANK Recordsin the data bank that fit user-suppliedcriteria are displayedvia printed output. 5.5 Requests by telephone 5.5.4 To accommodate urgent requests, a telephone answeringdevicehas beeninstalled in the office of the AIG Sectionof ICAO. It allows the recording of requestswhen the office is closed and thus alleviates the problems inherent in time zone differences. States can call at any time, day or night. REQUESTS 5.5.1 To request ADREP information, use the format outlined at the end of this chapter.The subject or problem --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- IO Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS *r Not for Resale
  • 17. ICAO 7356 zicicx W 484l,43b OOl,9Ol,l, 49T m 11 Chapters5 - Reqiests by Statesfor ADREP Information FORMAT FOR ADREP INFORMATION TO: FROM: International Civil Aviation Organization 1000 Sherbrooke Street West Montreal, Quebec Canada H3A 2R2 REQUEST a) State: b) Originating Official: Name: Designation: TELEPHONE: ($14) 285-8160 TELEX: 05-24513 ICAO MTL FAX: (514) 288-4772 CABLE: ICAO MONTREAL (CANADA) c)- Address: d) Telephone: Telex: Fax: Cable: Make all communications “Attention: AIG” e) Date: 1. SAFETY PROBLEM/STUDY: Brief description of the safety problem or study prompting the request and the applicable identifiers and cades. 2. FORMAT OF PRINTOUT REQUIRED: Standard output - Full print [7 Brief print 0 Standard statistics 0 Non-standard output - Specify in general terms. 3. LANGUAGE OF PRINTOUT: English m French 0 Spanish 0 4. DATE REPLY REQUIRED: 5. METHOD OF REPLY: Mail q Cable q Telex 0 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale Fax 0
  • 18. a ICAO 7156 f* m 484L4Lb APPENDIX CODES FOR STATES, 0019OL2 326 m 1 TERRITORIES AND OCEANS --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  • 19. ICAO 9156 APPENDIX 1. l tt m 48414Lb 0017OL3 262 m CODES FOR STATES; TERRtTORIES AND OCEANS* The designalionsemployedand the presentationof the materialin this Appendixdo notimply the expressionof any opinion whatsoeveron the part of ICAOconcerningthe legal status of any country. territory. cily or area or of its authorities. or concerningthe delimitationof ifs frontiers or boundaries. COOE TEXT CODE TEXT _ AFGH ALBN ALGR AMSM ANOR ANGL ANGU ANTG ARGT ARUB ASCE ASTL AUST Afghanistan Albania Algeria AmericanSamoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Aruba AscensionIsland Australia Auslria OEKA OEMK OEMY OENM OJIB OMCA OOMR Democratic Kampuchea: Democratic People’ Republic s of Korea Democratic Yemen Denmark Djibouti Dominica DominicanRepublic BAHM BAHR BANG BARE BEEF BELG BELI BENI BERM BHUT BOLV BOTW BRA2 BRUN BULG BURF BURM BURU Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Beef Island Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bolswana Brazil Brunei Oarussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burma Burundi EAST ECU0 EGYP ELSA EQGU ETHP EasterIsland Ecuador Egypt El Salvador EquatorialGuinea Ethiopia FAR0 FIJI FINL FRAN FRAT FREG FREP Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Antilles French Guiana French Polynesia CAMR CAN0 CAPV CAR0 CAYM CEAF CHAD CHIL CHIN COG0 COLM COMO CONG COOK COST COTV CUBA CYPR CZCH Cameroon Canada CapeVerde Carolineislands CaymanIslands CentralAfrican Republic Chad Chile China Cocos(Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Cdte d’ lvoire Cuba Cyprus Czechoslovakia GABN GAME GERO GERF GERW GHAN GIBR GREC GREE GREN GUAO GUAM GUAT GUIN GUNB GUYN Gabon Gambia GermanDemocratic Republic Germany.FederalRepublicof Germany(Berlin) Ghana Gibrallar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana HAIT HOLY HONO HONG HUNG Haiti Holy See Honduras Hong Kong Hungary ICLO INOA IN00 IRAN Iceland India Indonesia Iran. Islamic Republicof A l-1 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale CODE TEXT IRAD IRLO ISRL ITAL Iraq Ireland Israel Italy JAMC JAPN JOHN JORO Jamaica Japan Johnston Island Jordan KENY KING KIRI KUWT Kenya KingmanReef Kiribali Kuwait LAOS LEBN LESO LIBR LIBY LIEC LUXM Lao People’ DemocraticRepublic s Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Luxembourg MACA MADG MALA MALB MALO MALI MALT MARI MARS MART MAUR MAUT MAYO MEXC MIDW MONC MONG MONT MORC MOZB Macao Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Mariana Islands Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius hlayolfe I. Mexico Midway Islands Monaco Mongolia Montserrat Morocco Mozambique NAMB NAUR NEPL NETH NETS NEWC NEWZ NICG Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands,Kingdomof the NetherlandsAntilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua
  • 20. ___ ICAO TEXT NIGE NIGR NIUE NORF NORW Niger Nigeria Niue Island NorfolkIsland Norway OMAN Oman PAKI PALM PANM PAPG PARG PERU PHIL PITC PQLD PORT PURI Pakistan Palmyra Island Panama PapuaNew Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines PitcairnIsland Poland Portugal PuertoRico QATR Qatar REPK REUN ROMN RWAN Republic Korea of Reunion Romania Rwanda SAIB SAIC SAIJ SAIL SAIT SAP,’ SAM0 SANM SATP SAUD SENG SEYC SIER SING SOLI SOML SOUF SPAN SRIL SUDN SURN SWAZ SWED SWTZ SYRI Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Croix SaintJohn Saint Lucia Saint Thomas Saint Vincentand the Grenadines Samoa San Marino SaoTomeand Principe SaudiArabia Senegal Seychelles SierraLeone Singapore Solomon Islands Somalia SouthAfrica Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland SyrianArab Republic THAI TOGO TONG TRIN TUNS TURK TURS TUVA --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- CODE 9356 _ _---.-. *i(l W -_------ 4843436 00l19014 CODE TEXT UISR UNAR UNKG UNRT UNST URUG Uganda Unionof SovietSocialistRepublics UnitedArab Emirates United Kingdom United Republicof Tanzania UnitedStates Uruguay VANU VENZ VIET VIRB VIRS Vanuatu Venezuela Viet Nam Virgin Is. (UK) Virgin Is. (US) WAKE WALL WIAS Wake Island Wallis West IndiesAssociated States WesternSahara YEMN YUGO Yemen Yugoslavia ZAIR ZAMB ZIMB Zaire Zambia Zimbabwe Note.- Theseoceancodesare unofficial/CA0 mposed codes. ZANO ZARO ZIND ZMDS ZNAO ZNPO ZSAO ZSPO AntarcticOcean Arctic Ocean Indian Ocean Mediterranean Sea North AtlanticOcean North PacificOcean South AtlanticOcean South PacificOcean Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidadand Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turks and CaicosIslands Tuvalu Al-2 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Dot 9156 Not for Resale
  • 21. ICAO 915b tb m 4B~L’ ilib APPENDIX CODES FOR AIRCRAFT --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- AND OOL9015 035 m 2 BY MANUFACTURER MODEL / I I I jo Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  • 22. ICAO q35fa *ct m 4/J41'+lia OOl,qObb T71 m APPENDIX 2.. CODES FOR AIRCRAFT BY WANUFACTURER AND.MODEL Note.- This list is intentionallyincomplete to provide the user with a short list of the most commonlyused codes. A completelist is available from ICAO/AIGon request. If a manufacturer/model cannot be found in this list, enter only the name in the space fbllowing the codes on the form. TEXT CODE AEROSPATIALE AS 350 ASTAR AS 355 TWINSTAR SA 330 PUMA SA 365 DAUPHIN ZSE 210 CARAVELLE 148 15 16 09 14 11 04 06 07 AGUSTA A109 A8204 A6207 01 AIR TRACTOR AT-301 CODE 031 036 041 04A 01 02 03 CODE TEXT 08 19 20 21 09 10 11 I2 13 24 14 25 15 16 17 18 26 29 03 02 08 04 05 01 06 AIRBUSINDUSTRIES A300 A310 A320 BOEING 707 INTERCONTINENTAL 7Q7-100 707-200 707-300 720 727-100 727-200 737-100 737-200 737-300 747-lOOI 747-300 7478 747 C/F 747SR 747SP 757-200 767-200 TEXT 31 37 39 BRITISHAEROSPACE BA 31 JETSTREAM BA 125 SERIES 700 BA 125 SERIES 800 BA146-100 BA 146-200 BA 748 ONE-ELEVEN 05 CASA CN 235 01 03 06 14 CONVAIR 240 CONVAIR-LINER 440 METROPOLITAN 880 cv 580 02 03 05 07 DASSAULT-BREGUET FALCON 10 FALCON 20 FALCON 30 MERCURE 02 04 05 07 06 09 10 DE HAVILLAND DHC2MK. I BEAVER DHC3OTTER DHC4CARIBOU DHC6300 DHC6TWIN OTTER DHC7DASH7 DHC8DASH8 07 DORNIER 228 01 11 EMBRAER 110 BANDEIRANTE 120 BRASILIA 01 02 08 FAIRCHILD F27 FRIEND/FREIGHTSHIP FH 227 PACKET C-82/C-119 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 FOKKER F27 FRIEND/FREIGHTSHIP F27 MK 500 F28 MK 1000 F28 MK 2000 F28 MK 3000 F28 UK 4000 F28 UK 5000 F28 MK 6000 271 279 300 303 097 AVIONSDETRANSPORT REGIONAL 01 ATR42 02 AYRES TURBQTHRUSH S-2R 04 BEAGLE AIRCRAFT 8.206 02 10 11 12 13 14 16 18 19 20 21 22 27 BEECH 18 (C-45) 50 TWIN-BONANZA 55195-55 BARON 58 BARON 60 DUKE 65170 &EEN AIR 80 QUEEN AIR 90 KINGAIR 95 TRAVEL AIR 99 AIRLINER 100 KINGAIR 200 KINGAIR 1900 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 BELL HELICOPTER 2048 205A-1 206 212 214 222 412 168 100 114 316 123 128 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 172 BRITTEN-NORMAN 01 BN-2A ISLANDER 02 BN-PAMK3 TRISLANDER 01 03 06 07 CANADAIR CL-44 CL-215 CL-600 CL-601 21 22 25 26 27 33 34 28 29 30 40 35 CESSNA 310 320 SKYKNIGHT 337 SUPER SKYMASTER 340 401 402 ' 404 TITAN 411 414 421 425 441 CONQUEST 188 226 A2-I Not for Resale CITATION I CITATION II CITATION Ill 332 345 372
  • 23. MITSUBISHI MU2 01 05 06 07 01 02 10 a13 MURRAYAIR MA-l 612 GRUMMAN 6159 GULFSTREAM I 6164 AG-CAT 6164 SUPER AG-CAT 621 GOOSE 644 WIDGEON TBM-1; TBM-3 MESSERSCHMITT-BOLKOW-BLOHM 80105 BK117 HFB320HANSA 01 GATES LEARJET 23 24 25 35 TRANSCONTINENTAL CODE CODE 01 02 03 04 TEXT 01 07 05 TEXT CODE 395 644 659 01 HANDLEY PAGE HPR7HERALD 662 03 HAWKER-SIDDELEY HERON 2/DH 114 HS125DOMINIE I-600 HS74afAVRO 748 667 33 30 31 433 443 503 02 04 17 20 07 11 12 15 16 LOCKHEED 1049 SUPER CONSTELLATION 1329 JETSTAR 16 LODESTAR la8 ELECTRA 382B/lOO HERCULES L-1011-1/100/200/250 L-1011-1/500SERIES 03 24 25 34 26 05 06 08 09 IO 16 17 ia 38 19 20 21 22 23 37 MCDONNELL-DOUGLAS B-26 INVADER DC-lo-10 DC-lo-30 DC-IO-3OF DC-IO-40 DC-3DAKOTA/C-47 DC-4SKYMASTER/C-54 DC-GA LIFTMASTER DC-66 DC-7 DC a-61 DC a-62 DCa-63 DC a-70 DC 9-10 DC 9-20 DC 9-30 DC 9-40 DC 9-50 DC9-80 04 SNDW S2R 11 12 13 14 45 31 32 34 39 46 SOVIET STATE IL-18 IL-62 IL-62M IL-76 IL-86 TU-134 TU-134A TU-154 YAK 40 YAK42 02 05 SWEARINGEN MERLINllA/SA-26T SA-226TC METRO II 6 WESTLAND WG 30 B 03 MISCELLANEOUS EXPERIMENTAL a74 16 NORD-AVIATION 262 09 27 03 04 05 07 ia 19 24 16 NORTH AMERICAN 1121 JET COMMANDER COMMANDER 500 COMMANDER 520 COMMANDER 560 COMMANDER SUPERAERO 680 COMMANDER 690/1685 NA16 HARVARD NA73 MUSTANG SABRELINER THRUSH COMMANDER S-21 915 MARTIN 404 583 600 998 726 PILATUS 02 PC-6PORTER 729 17 16 19 24 25 01 26 27 35 PIPER PA-23APACHE PA-23-250AZTEC PA-23-250TURBO AZTEC PA-30TWIN COMANCHE PA-31 PA-SITCHEYENNE PA-32 PA-34SENECA PA-60601/6OlP 09 II ROCKWELL THRUSH COMMANDER TURBO COMMANDER 690 05 SAAB 340 04 05 08 SHORT SC.7 (SKYVAN) SRS 1 TO 3 SD-3-30 360 765 778 804 A2-2 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 984 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 561 NAMC YS-IIA NDDRDUYN UC64 NORSEMAN 672 SIKORSKY s-55 s-58 S-58T S-61L MARKI S-61N S-62 S-76 a32 01 ISRAEL IAI-1123 IAI-1124 05 06 07 08 09 10 14 01 627 417 TEXT Dot 9156 Not for Resale
  • 24. ICAO 9156 ** m '4B4141b APPENDIX CODES FOR AIRCRAFT BY MANUFACTURER MODEL --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 8'44 W 3 ENGINES AND 0019018 Not for Resale
  • 25. ICAO 4B5b fs m 484141rb OOl=tOl,9 780 W APPENDIX 3. CODES FOR AIRCRAFT ENGINES BY MANUFACTURER AND MODEL Note.- If a manufactureror model cannot be found in this list, enter only the name of the manufacturer/modelin the space provided. 01 04 07 IQ 13 16 19 22 25 2B 31 34 37 40 43 46 49 52 55 56 AVCQLYCOMING 145 FAMILY 233 FAMILY 235 FAMILY 320 FAMILY 340 FAMILY 350 FAMILY 360 FAMILY 435 FAMILY 460 FAMILY 53 FAMILY 540 FAMILY 55 FAMILY 580 FAMILY 720 FAMILY ALF 502 SERIES LTC tB LTP FAMILY LTS FAMILY R 530 R600 01 CFM INTERNATIONAL CFM 56 01 04 07 . GARRET AlRESEARCH TFE731 SERIES TPE331 FAMILY TSE36 01 04 07 10 13 16 19 22 ALVIS LEONIDES 37 GENERAL ELECTRIC CF 700 SERIES CF 34 CF 6 SERIES CJ 610 SERIES CJ 805 SERIES CT 58 SERIES CT 64 SERIES CT 7 SERIES 16 01 CURTISS-WRIGHT 1820 FAMILY C9 FAMILY Cl4 FAMILY Cl8 FAMILY R 975 FAMILY R 1300 SERIES A 2600 SERIES R 3350 SERIES 01 04 07 ALLISON 250 FAMILY 501 FAMILY CODE CODE 01 04 TEXT 01 04 07 IO 13 16 19 22 TEXT CODE 10 13 01 04 07 10 13 16 19 22 25 28 31 34 37 CQNTlNENTAL(TELEDYNE) 200 FAMILY 300 FAMILY 346 FAMILY 360 FAMILY 470 FAMILY 520 FAMILY 526 FAMILY 670 FAMILY A 65 SERIES A 50 SERIES C 145 SERIES C 75185 SERIES TIARA 19 22 25 01 04 07 IVCHENKO AI-20 AI-24 AI-25 01 114 KUZNETSQV NK8 NK86 01 04 07 IQ 13 PRATT WHlTNEY(CANAOA) & JT-15 PT-6 FAMILY PT-6-3(TWINPACK) PWIOO FAMILY PW200FAMILY 01 04 07 10 13 16 19 22 25 28 31 34 PRATT WHlTNEY(USA) & JT-3 JT-4 JT-6 JT-B JT-9 JT-12 R 985 R 1340 R ia00 R 1830 R 2000 R 2800 28 31 34 A3-I --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale TEXT 01 04 07 10 13 16 19 22 25 26 31 34 37 40 43 46 49 52 ROLLS-ROYCE AVON CONWAY DART GAZELLE GEM GNOME GYPSY-QUEEN HERCULES M45H NIMBUS OLYMPUS PROTEUS RE 211 RE 162 SPEY TAY TYNE VIPER 01 SQLIEV D30 01 04 07 IO 13 16 19 22 25 28 TURBUMECA ARRIEL ARTOUSTE ASTAZOU TURBOPROP ASTAZOU TURBOSHAFT BASTAN Bl-BASTAN MAKILA MARBORE TURMO TiJRBOPROP TURMO ~URBOSHAFT 40 43
  • 26. 9L5b t* - 484L4Lb APPENDIX CODES Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS FOR EVENTS 00l,9020 4T2 - 4 AND Not for Resale PHASES --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- ICAO
  • 27. ICAO 9356 t* W 48414Lb OOl19021 339 m APPENQIX 4, CORES FQR EVENTS ANQ PHASES Determine eventsof the accidentor incidentwith the help of the list of eventsaverleaf,Enter the the codesand the plain text for each event on the coding form. Then find fhe corresponding phasesfor the eventsand enter the codesand plain text for the phases. J I. A4-I --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  • 28. --_ ICAO -~- 9356 --- ** W 48414Lb 0019022 275 - Types of events and phases of operation EVENTS CODE CODE TEXT CODE 012 013 014 015 016 AIRFRAME FAILURE INITIALFAILURE CONTROL OF SURFACE INITIALFAILURE FUSELAGE OF INITIALFAILURE EMPENNAGE OF INITIALFAILURE WING OF INITIALFAILURE OTHER GENERAL BREAKUP/DISINTEGRATION 06A 06B 06C 06D 06E 06F 06Y HYDRAULIC INSTRUMENTS NAVIGATION SYSTEM PNEUMATIC PRESSURIZATION TIRE/WHEEL OTHER 141 142 143 144 145 l4Y 021 022 023 024 CARGO RELATED OCCURRENCE LEAK SHIFTED FUMES/SMOKE RADIATION LEAKAGE 071 072 073 074 075 076 011 031 032 033 034 035 036 037 038 039 03A 03B 03c 03D 03E 03F 036 03H 03K 03L 03Y TEXT COLLISION OBJECT AIRCRAFT STANDING AERODROMESTRUCTURE ANIMAL BIRD(BIRDSTRIKE) CHIMNEY/MAST/POLE CROP DEADHEAD/SEMI-SUBMERGED LbG DITCH EMBANKMENT FENCE/FENCE POST PERSON FLOOD LIGHTING POLE/ STANDARD/MAST BUILDING APPROACH LIGHTS SNOWBANK TAXIWAY/RUNWAY LIGHTS TREE VEHICLE WIRE/CABLE/POWERLINE OTHER COLLISION TERRAIN COLLISION LEVELTERRAIN/WATER COLLISION HILL/MOUNTAIN 051 052 053 COLLISION WITH MOVING AIRCRAFT BOTH AIRCRAFT AIRBORNE ONEAIRCRAFT AIRBORNE BOTHMOVING GROUND ON 061 062 063 064 065 066 067 068 069 COMPONENT/SYSTEM FAILURE/ MALFUNCTION APU AVIONICS BRAKE DE-ICING DOORS/PANELS ELECTRICAL FLIGHT CONTROLS FUEL GEAR --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 041 042 LOSSOF CDNTRUL(AEROPLANE) DIRECTIONAL CONTROL MUSH/STALL SPIN SPIRAL PITCHCONTROL (PORPOISE) OTHER 154 15Y LOSSOF CONTRDL(HELICOPTER) DYNAMIC ROLL-OVER INADEQUATE ROTOR RPM SETTLING WITH POWER (VORTEX RING) UNCONTROLLED ROTATION OTHER 160 MISSING AIRCRAFT 171 172 173 NEARCOLLISION BOTH AIRCRAFT AIRBORNE ONEAIRCRAFTAIRBORNE BOTHOPERATEDON GROUND EVACUATION 180 NOSE DOWN/OVERTURNED 090 091 092 093 FIRE/EXPLOSION/FUMES FIRE FUMES/SMOKE EXPLOSION 190 OVERRUN 100 FLIGHT CREW ILLNESS/INCAPACITATION 111 112 113 114 GEAR COLLAPSED/RETRACTED MAINGEAR NOSE GEAR COMPLETE GEAR OTHER GEAR 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 POWER LOSS- FIRSTENGINE UNCONTAINED FAILURE ENGINE TEARAWAY FUELSTARVATION MECHANICAL ENGINE FAILURE NONMECHANICAL ENGINE FAILURE SIMULATED ENGINE FAILURE TRANSMISSION FAILURE DRIVESHAFT FAILURE UNSPECIFIED 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 POWER LOSS- ADDITIONAL ENGINE UNCONTAINED FAILURE ENGINE TEARAWAY FUELSTARVATION MECHANICAL ENGINE FAILURE NONMECHANICAL ENGINE FAILURE SIMULATED ENGINE FAILURE TRANSMISSION FAILURE DRIVESHAFT FAILURE UNSPECIFIED 220 221 222 PROPELLER FAILURE PROPELLER SEPARATION PROPELLER RUNAWAY 230 231 232 233 234 SECURITY OCCURRENCE SABOTAGE HIJACKING BOMBWARNING/SCARE MILITARY INTERVENTION 077 078 079 07A 078 07c DAMAGE AIRCRAFT TO EXPLOSIVE DECOMPRESSION FOREIGN OBJECT DAMAGE GROUND RESONANCE LIGHTNING STRIKE OVERSTRESSED STRUCK PROPELLER/ROTOR/ BY JET BLAST SINKING THROUGH SURFACE STRUCK OBJECT BY STRUCK STAIRS/EQUIPMENT BY TURBULENCE UNLAWFUL ACT WIND 080 120 121 122 123 124 125 12Y 131 132 133 13Y HELICOPTER DYNAMIC SYSTEMS FAILURE MAIN ROTOR TAIL ROTOR MAIN ROTOR TRANSMISSION/ GEARBOX MAIN ROTOR DRIVE SHAFT TAIL ROTOR DRIVE SHAFT OTHER INJURIES PERSONS TO TURBULENCE ABRUPT MANOEUVRE STRUCK PROPELLER/ROTOR/ BY JET BLAST OTHER A4-2 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS TEXT 151 152 153 Dot 9156 Not for Resale
  • 29. ICAO 9156 t* M 484LYlb 0019023 I101 - Types of events and phases of operation PHASES EVENTS CODE CODE TEXl 240 241 242 243 24Y 270 WHEELS-DOWN LANDING WATER ON 280 281 282 283 WHEELS-UP LANDING INTENTIONAL UNINTENTIONAL INTENTUNKNOWN TAXIING PUSHBACK/TOW TO/FROMRUNWAY AERIALTAXI(ROTORCRAFT) OTHER 031 032 033 034 039 LANDING OCCURRENCE LANDING BESIDE RUNWAY UNDERSHOOT HARDLANDING STANDING ENGINE(S) OPERATING NOT STARTING ENGINE(S) ENGINE(S) OPERATING ENGINE(S) RUN-UP ROTOR TURNING (ROTORCRAFT) OTHER 021 022 023 029 TAKE-OFF LANDING OR SCRAPED WINGTIP/COWLING/FLOAT TAlLSCRAPE/OVERROTATlON GROUND LOOP/SWERVE 261 262 263 011 012 013 014 015 019 SEPARATION FLIGHT IN DOOR PANEL WINDOW OTHER 251 252 253 TEXT TAKE-OFF RUN INITIALCLIMB LIFT-OFF(ROTORCRAFT) ABORTED OTHER 046 EN ROUTE CLIMB TO CRUISE CRUISE CHANGE CRUISE OF LEVEL DESCENT- NORMAL DESCENT EMERGENCY/ UNCONTROLLED OTHER 051 052 053 054 055 056 MANOEUVERING AERIALWORK LOW FLYING HOVERING/LIFTING AEROBATICS SWATH/APPLICATION RUN OTHER 041 042 043 044 045 900 999 063 064 065 066 069 APPROACH HOLDING INTERMEDIATE APPROACH (FROM FIRSTFIX TO FINAL APPROACH) FINAL APPROACH MISSED APPROACH/GO-AROUND CIRCUITPATTERN- BASELEG GIRGUIT PATTERN FINAL OTHER 071 072 073 079 LANDING LEVELOFF/TOUCHDOWN LANDING ROLL ABORTED(AFTER TOUCHDOWN) OTHER 080 POST-IMPACT 099 UNKNOWN 061 062 A4-3 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS /-. i Not for Resale
  • 30. 9156 tt W 4841Ylb 0019024 OYB W --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- ICAO APPENDIX CODES Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 5 FOR DESCRIPTIVE Not for Resale FACTORS
  • 31. ICAO 9356 ** - 48414Lb 0039025 T84 m APPENDIX 5. CODES FOR DESCRIPTIVEFACTORS By unfoldingthe first and last pagesof this appendix,the manualwill be arrangedas shown: I I --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- You can now see both subjectsand modifiersat the sametime. For each event, list the subjects and modifiersof the descriptivefactors in time sequence.If time sequenceis not possible,code the factors relatedto weatherand terrain first and then those relatedto other subjects. AS-I Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  • 32. ICAO 9356 *it m 4fi41’ +1b 00119026 910 W Descriptivefactors MODIFIERS CODE TEXT CODE TEXT CODE TEXT CODE 122 124 208 126 418 DANGEROUS DECOMPRESSION DECOMPRESSION - EXPLOSIVE DECREASED DEFICIENCY KNOWN - 282 298 380 230 488 668 738 782 910 FAILURE HIDDEN FAILURE HYDRAULIC FAILURE INDICATION FAILURE MATERIAL FAILURE MULTIPLE FAILURE-OVERLOAD FAILURE RETRACTION FAILURE SIMULATED FAILURE UNCONTAINED - 232 234 236 238 242 244 FALSEINDICATION FATIGUE CORROSION FATIGUE FAILURE FATIGUE FRACTURE FIREIN FIREWARNING 352 354 354 356 358 360 362 364 366 476 370 372 374 376 246 248 250 252 254 FLAMEOUT FLAMES FLUCTUATING FLUIDINGRESS FLUIDWRONG 256 258 260 262 846 388 FLUTTERED FOAMON FOGGED FOREIGN OBJECT DAMAGE FOREIGN OBJECT IMPACT FOREIGN OBJECT INGESTION 264 266 056 238 268 FORGOT FOULED FRACTURE BRITTLE FRACTURE-FATIGUE FRACTURED 270 186 402 272 a08 FRAYED FRICTION EXCESSIVE FRICTION INSUFFICIENT FROZEN FUME/SMOKE 274 276 330 360 360 FUMES GLASSY GRADE INADEQUATE GRADE INCORRECT GRADE-WRONG 776 122 868 278 280 282 GROUNDED/SHORTED HAZARDOUS HEAT-EXCESSIVE HEAVY HIDDEN HIDDEN FAILURE 284 286 288 290 292 HIGH HIGHCOMPRESSION HIGHPRESSURE HILLY HOLED 294 296 298 022 HORIZONTAL HOTSTART HYDRAULIC FAILURE hYDROPLANlNG 300 050 306 302 304 306 ICE ICE BLOCKAGE ICE COVERED ICE IN ICE INDUCTION ICE ON Do2 004 006 424 498 698 ABNORMAL ABORT-AFTER Vl ABORT BEFOREVl ABORT LATE ABORT NOTPERFORMED ABORT PREMATURE - 008 010 012 354 014 ABOVE ACCIDENTAL ACIDLEAKED ADJUSTMENT -INCORRECT ADVERSE 128 130 132 134 136 196 DEFLATED DEGRADED DELAMINATED DELAYED DEPARTED FROM DEPLETED/EXHAUSTED 088 968 354 018 020 AERODROME CLOSED AERODROME-WRONG ALIGNMENT INCORRECT ANIMALIN ANIMALON 338 528 700 902 138 DEPLOYMENT INADVERTENT DEPLOYMENT NOTDONE DEPLOYMENT PREMATURE DEPLOYMENT UNCDMMANDED DEPLOYMENT FAILED 022 024 934 970 026 AQUAPLANING ARCED AREASELECTED UNSUITABLE AREASELECTED-WRONG ARMED 140 358 142 398 144 DESCENDED BELOW DESCRIPTION INCORRECT DETACHED DETAILS INSUFFICIENT DETERIORATED 356 962 026 510 030 ASSEMBLY INCORRECT ASSISTANCE-WITHOUT ASYMMETRIC ATTEMPT- NOTMADE ATTEMPTED 146 214 216 218 220 DETONATION DID NOTCLOSE DID NOTEXTEND DID NOTOPEN DID NOTOPERATE 032 034 036 038 040 BAD BELOW BENT BETWEEN TANKS BINDING 222 224 226 148 150 DID NOTRESPOND DID NOTRETRACT DID NOTTRIP DIFFICULT DIRTY 042 044 046 048 050 BIRDDAMAGE BIRDINGESTION BIRDSTRIKE BLOCKED BLOCKED ICE BY 828 152 542 154 156 DISCHARGE STATIC DISCONNECTED DISENGAGED DISREGARDED DISTORTED 052 054 056 058 060 BOGUS PART BOLT/NUTMISSING BRITTLE FRACTURE BROKE BUCKLED 160 162 164 166 168 DOWNWIND DRIFTED ELECTRICAL FAILURE ELONGATED ENCOUNTERED 062 064 066 068 072 BUILT-UP AREA BURNED BURST CARBON DEPOSITS CARRIED OUT 170 400 172 174 728 816 ENGAGED EQUIPMENT INSUFFICIENT ERODED ERRATIC ERROR READBACK ERROR-SOFTWARE 074 076 078 082 650 CAUGHT CAVITATED CHAFED CH!PPED CIRCUIT OPEN - 178 180 654 EXCEEDED EXCEEDED LIMITS EXCEEDED TOLERANCES 084 086 cl88 090 CLOSE CLOSED CLOSEDAERODROME CLOSED RUNWAY 182 184 186 868 188 190 710 192 194 EXCESSIVE EXCESSIVE CONSUMPTION EXCESSIVE FRICTION EXCESSIVE HEAT EXCESSIVE NOISE EXCESSIVE PLAY EXCESSIVEPRESSURE EXCESSIVE VIBRATION EXCESSIVEVOLTAGE 662 092 COLD-EXCESSIVE '~DLLAPSED COMPLETE LOSSOF ii COMPRESSION HIGH Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization 4@ COMPRESSION LOW Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 690 196 202 EXECUTION POOR EXHAUSTED/DEPLETED Not for Resale EXPERIENCED 378 232 380 304 384 044 388 390 392 362 580 396 398 400 402 404 406 408 412 414 584 416 418 364 420 422 424 426 428 430 012 718 432 456 434 436 438 440 ia0 442 444 446 448 450 096 678 724 794
  • 33. BAD BELOW BENT BETWEEN TANKS BINDING 222 224 226 148 150 DID NOTRESPOND DID NOTRETRACT DID NOTTRIP DIFFICULT DIRN 042 044 046 048 050 BIRDDAMAGE BIRDINGESTION BIRDSTRIKE BLOCKED BLOCKED ICE BY 828 152 542 154 156 DISCHARGE STATIC DISCONNECTED DISENGAGED DISREGARDED DISTORTED 052 054 056 058 060 BOGUS PART BOLT/NUT MISSING BRITTLE FRACTURE BROKE BUCKLED 160 162 164 166 168 DOWNWIND DRIFTED ELECTRICAL FAILURE ELONGATED ENCOUNTERED 062 064 066 068 072 BUILT-UP AREA BURNEO BURST CARBON DEPOSITS CARRIED OUT 170 400 172 174 728 816 ENGAGED EQUIPMENT INSUFFICIENT ERODED ERRATIC ERROR READBACK ERROR-SOFTWARE 178 180 654 EXCEEDED EXCEEDED LIMITS EXCEEDED TOLERANCES 182 184 166 868 188 190 710 192 194 EXCESSIVE EXCESSIVE CONSUMPTION EXCESSIVE FRICTION EXCESSIVE HEAT EXCESSIVE NOISE EXCESSIVE PLAY EXCESSIVE PRESSURE EXCESSIVE VIBRATION EXCESSIVE VOLTAGE 690 196 202 204 206 208 EXECUTION POOR EXHAUSTED/DEPLETED EXPERIENCED EXPIRED EXPLODED EXPLOSIVE DECOMPRESSION 340 552 702 904 210 EXTENSION INADVERTENT EXTENSION -NOT DONE EXTENSION PREMATURE EXTENSION UNCOMMANDED EXTENSION FAILED 212 214 216 218 220 222 224 226 212 FAILED FAILED CLOSE TO FAILED EXTEND TO FAILED OPEN TO FAILED OPERATE TO FAILEDTORESPOND FAILED RETRACT TO FAILED TRIP TO FAILED/MALFUNCTIONED 918 138 164 210 236 FAILURE FAILURE FAILURE FAILURE FAILURE - --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 032 034 036 038 040 074 076 076 082 650 CAUGHT CAVITATED CHAFED CH!PPED CIRCUIT OPEN - 084 086 088 090 CLOSE CLOSED CLOSEDAERODROME CLOSED RUNWAY 662 092 096 266 454 COLD- EXCESSIVE 'COLLAPSED COMPLETE LOSSOF COMPRESSION HIGH COMPRESSION LOW - 688 098 102 184 104 CONDITION POOR CONFLICTING CONGESTED CONSUMPTION-EXCESSIVE CONTACTED 106 108 110 234 838 CONTAMINATED CONTINUED CORRODED CORROSION FATIGUE CORROSION -STRESS 888 890 306 880 952 COULD NOTBE DISCONNECTED COULD NOTBE RESET COVERED ICE BY COVERED WITHTREES COVERED WITHWATER 112 114 116 118 CRACKED CRAZED CROSSED CULTIVATED AREA 042 262 714 120 DAMAGE BIRDS DAMAGE FOREIGN OBJECT DAMAGE PREVIOUS DAMAGED CAUSE UNDETERMINED DEPLOYMENT ELECTRICAL EXTENSION FATIGUE A52 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale 266 056 238 268 FOULED FRACTURE BRITTLE FRACTURE- FATIGUE FRACTURED 270 186 402 272 808 FRAYED FRICTION EXCESSIVE FRICTION INSUFFICIENT FROZEN FUME/SMOKE 274 276 330 360 360 FUMES GLASSY GRADE INADEQUATE GRADE INCORRECT GRADE -WRONG 776 122 868 278 280 282 GROUNDED/SHORTED HAZARDOUS HEAT- EXCESSIVE HEAVY HIDDEN HIDDEN FAILURE 284 286 288 290 292 HIGH HIGHCOMPRESSION HIGHPRESSURE HILLY HOLED 294 296 298 022 HORIZONTAL HOTSTART HYDRAULIC FAILURE hYDROPLANING 300 050 306 302 304 306 ICE ICE BLOCKAGE ICECOVERED ICE IN ICE INDUCTION ICE ON 308 310 428 312 IGNITED IGNORED IMBALANCE-LATERAL IMPOSSIBLE 316 318 322 324 IMPROPER OPERATION IMPROPER POSITIONING IMPROPER USE IMPROPER VENTING 326 328 330 332 334 INACCURATE INADEGUATE INADEQUATE GRADE INADEDUATE MARKING INADEQUATENPE 336 338 340 342 344 348 350 INADVERTENT INADVERTENT DEPLOYMENT INADVERTENT EXTENSION INADVERTENTRETRACTION INADVERTENT USE INATTENTIVE TO INCOMPLETE 400 402 404 406 408 412 414 584 416 418 364 420 422 424 426 428 430 012 718 432 456 434 436 438 440 ia0 442 444 446 448 450 096 678 724 794 452 454 456 458 460 462 212 332 230 972 658 960 464 466 468 472 474
  • 34. ICAO 9156 %% - 484L4Lb OOL9028 793 - Descriptivefactors MODIFIERS CODE TEXT 282 298 380 230 488 668 738 782 910 INCREASED INDICATION FALSE INDICATION FAILED INDUCTION ICE -INEFFECTIVE FLUTTERED FOAMON FOGGED FOREIGN OBJECT DAMAGE FOREIGN OBJECT IMPACT FOREIGN OBJECT INGESTION 044 388 390 INGESTION BIRDS INGESTION FOREIGN OF OBJECT(S) INGESTION VOLCANIC OF DUST 392 362 580 INITIATED INSTALLATION INCORRECT INSTALLATION NOTDONE - FORGOT FOULED FRACTURE BRITTLE FRACTURE FATIGUE FRACTURED 396 398 400 402 INSUFFICIENT INSUFFICIENT DETAILS INSUFFICIENT EQUIPMENT INSUFFICIENT FRICTION 270 186 402 272 808 FRAYED FRICTION EXCESSIVE FRICTION INSUFFICIENT FROZEN FUME/SMOKE 404 406 408 412 414 INTENTIONAL INTERFERED INTERMITTANT ISSUED JAMMED/SEIZED 274 276 330 360 360 FUMES GLASSY GRADE INADEQUATE GRADE INCORRECT GRADE -WRONG 584 416 418 364 420 JETTISON DID NOT JETTISONED KNOWN DEFICIENCY LABEL- INCORRECT LACKOF 776 122 868 278 280 282 GROUNDED/SHORTED HAZARWUS HEAT- EXCESSIVE HEAVY HIDDEN HIDDEN FAILURE 422 424 426 428 430 LATE LATEABORT LATEUSE LATERAL IMBALANCE LEADED 284 286 288 290 292 HIGH HIGHCOMPRESSION HIGHPRESSURE HILLY HOLED 012 718 432 456 434 LEAK- ACID LEAK- RADIATION LEAK/LEAKED LEVEL- LOW LIFE EXPIRED 294 296 298 022 HORIZONTAL HOTSTART HYDRAULIC FAILURE hYDROPLANlNG 436 438 440 186 442 LIGHT LIGHTNING STRIKE LIMITED LIMITS -EXCEEDED LOCAL 300 050 306 302 304 306 ICE ICE BLOCKAGE ICECOVERED ICE IN ICE INDUCTION ICE ON 444 446 448 450 LOCKED LONG LOOSE LOOSE GRAVEL 096 678 724 794 LOSS-COMPLETE LOSS- PARTIAL LOSS- RAPID LOSS-SLOW 308 Y ICORRECT FLAMEOUT FLAMES FLUCTUATING FLUIDINGRESS FLUIDWRONG 378 232 380 304 384 264 266 056 238 268 IADVERTENT OT DONE REMATURE NCOMMANDED ED FALSEINDICATION FATIGUE CORROSION FATIGUE FAILURE FATIGUE FRACTURE FIREIN FIREWARNING INCORRECT INCDRRECTAkRJSTMENT INCORRECT ALIGNMENT INCORRECT ASSEMBLY INCORRECT DECRIPTIDN INCORRECT GRADE INCORRECT INSTALLATION INCORRECT LABEL INCDRRECT PART INCORRECT RIGGING INCORRECT SETTING INCORRECTTYPE INCORRECT USE INCORRECTLY STOWED 256 258 260 262 846 388 iTED 352 354 354 356 358 360 362 364 366 476 370 372 374 376 246 248 250 252 254 WI'N FAILURE HIDDEN FAILURE HYDRAULIC FAILURE INDICATION FAILURE MATERIAL FAILURE MULTIPLE FAILURE-OVERLOAD FAILURE-RETRACTION FAILURE SIMULATED FAILURE UNCONTAINED - 232 234 236 238 242 244 -EXPLOSIVE CODE TEXT IGNITED 452 454 466 LOW LOWCOMPRESSION Not for Resale LDWLEVEL FICIENT IRE iUFFlClENT CK IRE iNCES IMPTION ON URE rlON .GE 3R ETED --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- RTIC Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization 310 IGNORED Provided by IHS under license with ICAO lPRESSlON or networking permitted without license from IHS 428 IMBALANCENo reproduction 312 IMPOSSIBLE LATERAL AIRCRAFT *Airframe Flight contrd systems Oiher systems Miscellaneous WWERPLANT General Structures Miscellaneous COMPONENTS UNIOUE TO HELICOPTERS AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS General Flight crew AIRCRAFT SERVICING AN0 MAINTENANCE AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SERVICE AEROOROMElHELlPORT Facilities Operations WEATHER TERRAIN AIRCRAF AIRFRAC 5100 5700 5710 5710 5710 5710 5710 5730 5740 5760 5720 5720 5720 5720 5710 5710
  • 35. INSUFFICIENT INSUFFICIENT DETAILS INSUFFICIENT EQUIPMENT INSUFFICIENT FRICTION 404 406 408 412 414 TIC INTENTIONAL INTERFERED INTERMITTANT ISSUED JAMMED/SEIZED 584 416 418 364 420 RE JElllSON - DIDNOT JETTISONED KNOWN DEFICIENCY LABEL- INCORRECT LACKOF 422 424 426 428 430 ;UFFICIENT LATE LATEABORT LATEUSE LATERAL IMBALANCE LEADED 012 718 432 456 434 CK iRE NCES LEAK- ACID LEAK- RADIATION LEAK/LEAKED LEVEL- LOW LIFE EXPIRED 436 438 440 180 442 JMPTION ON LIGHT LIGHTNING STRIKE LIMITED LIMITS - EXCEEDED LOCAL 444 446 448 450 ;URE TION .GE OR ETEO LOCKED LONG LOOSE LOOSE GRAVEL 096 678 724 794 APRESSION LOSS- COMPLETE LOSS- PARTIAL LOSS- RAPID LOSS-SLOW 452 454 456 458 460 462 ADVERTENT 1T OONE EMATURE ICOMMANDED D LOW LOWCOMPRESSION LOWLEVEL LOWOUTPUT LOWPRESSURE LOWVOLTAGE 212 332 230 972 658 960 .D .TE +ND CT MALFUNCTIONED/FAILED MARKING INADEQUATE MATERIAL FAILED MATERIAL-WRONG MIN. EQUIP.LIST - OUTSIDE MIN. EQUIP.LIST - WITHIN 464 466 468 472 474 ZIONED ;E UNDETERMINED OYMENT TRICAL NSION ;UE FORGOT FOULED FRACTURE BRlIlLE FRACTURE FATIGUE FRACTURED 270 186 402 272 806 FRAYED FRICTION EXCESSIVE FRICTION INSUFFICIENT FROZEN FUME/SMOKE 274 276 330 360 360 FUMES GLASSY GRADE INADEDUATE GRADE INCORRECT GRADE-WRONG 776 122 868 278 280 282 GROUNDED/SHORTED HAZARDOUS HEAT- EXCESSIVE HEAVY HIDDEN HIDDEN FAILURE 284 286 288 290 292 HIGH HIGHCOMPRESSION HIGHPRESSURE HILLY HOLED 294 296 298 022 HORIZONTAL HOTSTART HYDRAULIC FAILURE hYDROPLANING _ 300 050 306 302 304 306 ICE ICE BLOCKAGE ICECOVERED ICE IN ICE INDUCTION ICEON 308 310 428 312 IGNITED IGNORED IMBALANCE LATERAL IMPOSSIBLE 316 318 322 324 IMPROPER OPERATION IMPROPER POSITIONING IMPROPER USE IMPROPERVENTING 326 328 330 332 334 INACCURATE INADEQUATE INADEQUATEGRADE INADEQUATE MARKING INADEOUATETYPE 336 338 340 342 344 348 350 INADVERTENT INADVERTENT DEPLOYMENT INADVERTENT EXTENSION INADVERTENT RETRACTION INADVERTENT USE INATTENTIVE TO INCOMPLETE MISHANDLED MISINTERPRETED MISJUDGED MISMANAGED MISREAD AIRCRAFT *Altir~ Flight control systems Other systems Mlscellaneaus F'OWEAPLANT General StrUClUreS CODE IRCRAI 4lRFRAI Misc&nfflus COMPONENTS UHIOUE TO HELICOPTERS AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS General Flight crew AIRCRAFT SERVICING AN0 MAINTENANCE AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SERVICE AEROOROMElHELlWRT Facilities Operations WEATHER TERRAIN 5700 5710 5710 5710 5710 5710 5730 5740 5760 5720 5720 5720 5720 5710 5710 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 398 400 402 396 264 266 356 238 268 5200 5230 5210 5220 5250 5240 5260 5270 5600 5620 5610 5610 5630 5640 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Continued on page A5-11. $CAO 9356 **: Not for Resale
  • 36. Descriptivefactors SUBJECTS i? 2 U H AlRcrl4FT *Aiifanm Fhphl cxmlml syslems Other systems Misdhnsous CODE AIRCRAFT 5500 5510 5520 5520 5530 5540 5540 5550 5560 WEATHER TERRAIN 00 00 00 01 08 00 10 07 04 01 02 00 00 00 00 01 00 00 NACELLE/PYLON -GENERAL ATTACHMENT FAIRING FIREWALL MAINSTRUCTURE SKIN 00 00 01 00 00 00 00 00 DOORS -GENERAL CARGO COCKPIT EMERGENCY EXIT INTERIOR SERVICE/ACCESS STAIR WARNING SYSTEM Do 00 07 00 00 00 WIHOOWS -GENERAL CABIN CANOPY COCKPIT DOOR WINDOW INSPECTION WINDOW CANARD 00 01 00 01 00 00 21 00 00 OT 03 11 04 06 12 00 14 00 00 04 15 10 20 05 02 01 02 17 11 00 LANDING GEAR (LG)- GENERAL MAIN LG MAIN LG DOOR NOSE LG NOSE DOOR LG EXTEND/RETRACT MECHANISM EMERGENCY EXTENSION SYSTEM WHEELS/BRAKES -GENERAL WHEELS/TIRES -GENERAL MAIN LG WHEEL MAIN LG TIRE MAIN LG AXLE NOSE WHEEL LG NOSE TIRE LG NOSE AXLE LG BRAKE SYSTEM -NORMAL 00 04 05 06 11 01 02 10 09 WING- FLIGHTCONTROLSURFACES - GENERAL AILERON AILERON TAB FLAPVANE GROUND SPOILER LEADING EDGE FLAP LEADING EDGE SLAT SPEED BRAKE/SPOILER TRAILING EDGE FLAP 2500 2520 2550 2510 2520 2530 FUSELAGE- GENERAL ATTACHMENT MAIN FRAME BULKHEAD DOORFRAME FAIRINGS FLOOR BEAM PANEL LONGERON/STRINGER NOSECONE TAIL CONE SKIN SKIN ATTACHMENTS FAIRING LEADING EDGE TiAlLlNG EDGE WINGTIPS WINGLET STRUT BRACING WIRE 00 5750 5750 5750 5750 5750 5750 5750 5750 5750 WING-GENERAL FRONT SPAR REAR SPAR CENTRE SPAR SPAROTHER RIB/STRINGER xl00 5620 5610 5610 5630 5640 AEflOOROME/HELIWRT Facilities Operations 00 01 02 03 04 07 00 00 00 01 02 03 05 05 09 5200 5230 5210 5220 5250 5240 5260 5270 AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SERVICE 5700 5710 5710 5710 5710 5710 5730 5740 5760 5720 5720 5720 5720 5710 5710 STABILIZERS GENERAL HORIZONTAL STABILIZER ELEVATOR ELEVATOR TAB VERTICAL STABILIZER (FIN) RUDDER RUDDERTAB ATTACHMENTS FAIRINGS 3200 3210 3210 3220 3220 3230 3230 3240 3241 3241 3241 3241 3241 3241 3241 3242 3242 3244 3260 3270 3270 3270 3270 3270 3270 3230 3230 3230 3242 3250 AIRFRAME GENERAL 5400 5440 5450 5410 5410 5430 AIRCRAFT SERVICING AN0 MAINTENANCE 00 53DD 5340 5310 5310 5310 5350 5310 5330 5310 5350 5350 5330 AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS Bensnl FiQhl crsw 5100 00 00 00 10 00 00 09 00 00 5570 AIRFRAME COMWNENTS UNIOUE TO HELICOPTERS TEXT CODE TEXT 00 00 00 00 04 00 AIRCRAFTFURNISHING - GENERAL CABINFURNISHING CARGO HOLD COCKPIT FURNISHING CARPET/UPHOLSTERY GALLEY BRAKE SYSTEM - EMERGENCY BRAKE ANTISKID LG INDICATING/WARNING SYSTEM FLOAT EMERGENCY FLOAT (HELICOPTER) SKI SKI/WHEEL SKID TAIL WHEEL UP LOCK DOWN LOCK GEAR LEVER/SELECTOR PARKING BRAKE NOSEWHEEL STEERING Dot 9156 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  • 37. ICAO 93.56 tt m 413434116 001903l1 288 - Descriptive factors SUBJECTS CODE TEXT 2510 2510 2510 2520 2520 2520 2530 2550 2540 01 02 03 07 01 02 15 02 04 2560 2560 2560 2560 3270 2560 2560 2560 2590 2560 2560 2560 2560 00 12 08 03 06 05 13 09 01 02 01 06 14 EMERGENCY EPUIPMENT CRASH AXE ESCAPE ROPE ESCAPE SLIDE EMERGENCY FLOTATION (HELICOPTER) EMERGENCY LOCATOR BEACON (ELB) EMERGENCY RADIO FIRSTAID EQUIPMENT IMMERSION SUIT (HELICOPTER) LIFERAFT LIFEVEST/JACKET SMOKEMASK/GOGGLES UNDERWATERSONAR BEACON 02 03 06 01 08 07 02 04 04 00 02 MISCELLANEOUS -AIRFRAME REDUXBONDING ELECTRIC BONDING COMPOSITESTRUCTURE CARGO CARGO HOOK/STROP(HELICOPTERS) CARGO WINCH(HELICOPTERS) CARGO RESTRAINT/TIE DOWN BAGGAGE EMERGENCYJETTISON SYSTEM AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT SPRAY BOOM --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 5100 5100 5iOO 2550 2550 2550 2550 2550 2591 2591 2591 SEAT- PILOT SEAT- OTHER FLIGHTCREW SHOULDER HARNESS SEAT-CABIN CREW SEAT- PAX SEATBELT PAX STAIR/ELEVATOR TIE DOWN TOILET FLIGHTCONTROL SYSTEMS 2700 2731 2731 2732 2733 2710 2711 2711 2712 2721 2720 2724 2722 2723 2721 2760 2750 2760 2762 00 03 00 00 00 00 00 02 00 00 00 00 00 00 02 00 00 00 00 AEROPLANEFLlGHTCONTROLGENERAL ELEVATOR CONTROL COLUMN ELEVATOR SYSTEM GENERAL ELEVATOR TRIM SYSTEM ELEVATOR SYSTEM FEEL AILERON TAB AILERON SYSTEM -GENERAL AILERON CONTROL COLUMN AILERON TRIM SYSTEM RUDDER SYSTEM RUDDER SYSTEM TAB YAW DAMPER SYSTEM RUDDERTRIM SYSTEM RUDDER FEELSYSTEM RUDDER PEDAL FLAP/SLATLIFT CONTROL TRAILING EDGE FLAPCONTROL SPEEDBRAKE/SPOILERS SPOILER SYSTEM -CODE TEXT 2734 2735 2736 2740 2741 2777 00 00 00 00 00 00 STALL PROTECTION SYSTEM STALLWARNING SYSTEM MACHTRIM HORIZONTAL STABILIZER CONTROL HORIZONTAL STABILIZER TRIM GUSTLOCK 6700 6700 6700 6700 6700 6700 6700 00 02 03 04 15 16 19 HELICOPTER CONTROL SYSTEMS -GENERAL CYCLIC COLLECTIVE YAW CONTROL DAMPER MIXINGUNIT HYDRAULIC ACTUATOR POWERPLANT General structures Miscellaneous COMPONENTS UNIOUE TO HELICOPTERS AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS General Flight crew AIRCRAFT SERVICING AND MAINTENANCE AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SERVICE OTHERSYSTEMS AEROOROME/HELIWRT Facilities Operations 2400 00 ELECTRICAL POWER - GENERAL 2410 2410 00 01 GENERATOR ORIVE 2420 2420 2420 2420 00 01 25 30 ACGENERATION -GENERAL AC GENERATOR/ALTERNATOR AC CIRCUITBREAKER/FUSE APU GENERATOR 2430 2430 2430 2430 2430 2430 00 01 02 03 04 24 DC GENERATION -GENERAL 2450 2450 2450 2450 00 02 04 IO DISTRIBUTION GENERAL BUSBAR CIRCUITBREAKER RELAY 2900 2910 2910 2930 00 00 08 00 2910 2910 2920 2910 2910 2910 2910 2910 2910 2920 04 06 11 05 01 44 45 46 47 00 HYDRAULIC SYSTEM- GENERAL MAIN SYSTEM HYDRAULICFLUID INDICATING SYSTEM(PRESSURE, TEMPERATURE) LINE, FITTING ENGINE DRIVEN PUMP RAM AIR TURBINE (RAT) VALVE RESERVOIR/TANK REGULATOR SEAL RELIEF VALVE BY-PASS VALVE AUXILIARYSYSTEM -GENERAL 3400 3410 3411 3411 00 04 01 05 FLIGHTAND NAVIGATION SYSTEMS-GENERAL AIR DATACOMPUTER ALTIMETER ALTITUDE ALERT Dot 9156 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS AIRCRAFT Airframe *Fllghl control systems *Other,systems Miscellaneous CONSTANTSPEED DRIVE TERRAIN DC GENERATOR DC REGULATOR BATTERY RAM AIR T.URBINE DC CIRCUIT BREAKER A53 Not for Resale I
  • 38. -- ICAO =lL.!ib tt m ‘ id34L4Lb 0019032 --- 114 - Descriptivefactors SUBJECTS POWERPlANT General Structures Miswllaneaus COMPONENTS UNIOUE TO HELICOPTERS ~AIRCRAFTOFER4TlONS General Flight crew AIRCRAFT SERVICING ANDMAINTENANCE AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SERVICE AERODROME/HELIFORT Facilities Operations WEATHER 3412 01 3413 01 3418 00 3421 01 3421 14 3422 01 3432 00 3441 00 3442 00 3443 00 3444 00 3445 00 3446 00 3451 00 3452 00 3453 00 3454 00 3455 00 3456 00 3470 03 2100 2300 2310 2320 2321 2331 2340 2350 2370 2370 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 01 03 00 00 00 00 00 2800 2800 2800 2810 2810 2820 2810 2810 2820 2820 2820 2821 2810 2810 2820 2820 2830 2810 2840 2800 00 06 IO 00 01 02 10 12 00 08 01 03 02 09 IO 11 00 06 00 07 00 00 01 FIREOVERHEAT WARNING APU FIREWARNING 02 CARGO COMPARTMENT GALLEY 2610 03 HEATER 2610 04 2611 7180 2610 00 05 05 PNEUMATIC DUCT POWERPLANT WARNING FIRE NACELLE TOILET 2620 00 2622 00 2621 01 2623 01 2621 00 2640 00 2623 00 FIREEXTINGUISHING APU FIREBOTTLE (ENGINE) PORTABLE EXTINGUISHER FIRE POWERPLANT INDICATION SYSTEM OTHER EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM 3300 3340 3340 3320 00 00 06 00 LIGHTING EXTERIOR LIGHTING GENERAL ANTICOLLISION LIGHT 3310 00 3350 00 3340 04 3340 02 3340 11 3340 01 3340 07 3340 03 CABIN LIGHTING COCKPIT LIGHTING EMERGENCY LIGHT ICE INSPECTION LIGHT LANDING LIGHT LOGO LIGHT NAVIGATION LIGHT STROBE LIGHT TAXI LIGHT Dot 91.56 A5-4 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS ICE/RAINPROTECTION SYSTEM DE-ICING FLUID AEROFOIL SYSTEM ICE INTAKE SYSTEM ICE PITOT STATIC SYSTEM & ICE W INDOW SYSTEM ICE RAINREPELLENT SYSTEM W INDSHIELD WASHER SYSTEM W INDSHIELD IPER W SYSTEM AERIALICESYSTEM PROPELLER SYSTEM ICE WATER LINE ICE SYSTEM ICEDETECTION SYSTEM INDICATION SYSTEM 2610 FUELSYSTEM -GENERAL FUEL ANTI-ICE ADDITIVE STORAGE SYSTEM TANK DISTRIBUTION PIPE FILTERS/SCREEN (TANK) FILTERS/SCREEN (DISTRIBUTION) FUELDISTRIBUTION SYSTEM -GENERAL FUELSELECTOR FUELBOOSTER PUMP FUELTRIM PUMP FUELVENT FUELTANK DRAIN DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM FUELDRAIN DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM WATER DRAIN FUELJETTlSONlDUMP SYSTEM -GENERAL TANKCAP QUANTITY, PRESSURE INDICATION CROSS FEED 00 02 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 2610 2612 2610 AUTOFLIGHT SYSTEM AUTOPILOT Y A WDAMPER SPEED/ALTITUDE AUTOTHROTTLE/SPEEO CONTROL 00 00 00 00 00 01 00 14 00 00 04 AIR CONDITIONING PRESSURIZATION AND GENERAL HEATING SYSTEM COOLING SYSTEM TEMPERATURE SYSTEM AUTO PRESSURIZATION SYSTEM DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM PNEUMATIC DUCTING COMPRESSOR OUTFLOW VALVE PRESSURIZATION CONTROL SYSTEM TEMPERATURE/PRESSURElNDlCATlON RECIRCULATION FAN 3000 3000 3010 3020 3030 3040 3041 3042 3043 3050 3060 3070 3080 3090 COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS-GENERAL HF COMMUNICATION VHFCOMMUNICATION UHFCOMMUNICATION CABINADDRESS SYSTEM INTERPHONE SYSTEM INTEGRATED SYSTEM AUDIO COCKPIT VOICE RECORDER CVRAREAMIKE 00 2140 2150 2161 2130 2120 2120 2110 2131 2131 2180 2120 AIRSPEED INDICATOR/MACHMETER VERTICAL SPEED INDICATOR (VSI-IVSI) FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM ATTITUDE (GYRO/HORIZON/ADI) TURN/BANK INDICATOR COMPASS ETC.) (HSI ILSlVOR WEATHER RADAR INS DOPPLER GPWS(GROUND PROXIMITY WARNING SYSTEM) RADIO ALTIMETER SATELLITE NAVIGATION SYSTEM ADF DME TRANSPONDER LORAN VLF NAVIGATION POSITION COMPUTING SYSTEM HEADS-UP DISPLAY 2200 2210 2212 2220 2230 TERRAIN TEXT CODE TEXT CODE Not for Resale --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- AIRCRAFT Airframe FlQht conlral systems *Other systems Miscellanetw
  • 39. ICAO 9356 bt W 48434116 0037033 050 W Descriptive factors SUBJECTS MISCELLANEOUS 3480 4900 2330 3130 3130 3130 3140 3150 3500 3510 3520 3530 3600 3800 3700 3320 00 00 00 00 01 10 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 01 AIRBORNE COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEM AUXILIARY POWER UNIT CABINENTERTAINMENT FLIGHTRECORDING GENERAL FLIGHTDATARECORDER MAINTENANCE DATARECORDER CENTRAL COMPUTER CENTRALWARNINGS/MASTERbAUTlON OXYGEN SYSTEM -GENERAL OXYGEN SYSTEM/CREW OXYGEN SYSTEM/PASSENGER OXYGEN SYSTEM/PORTABLE PNEUMATIC SYSTEM DRINKABLE WASTE AND WATER SYSTEM VACUUMSYSTEM SEATBELT/NO SMOKING SIGN POWERPLANT GENERAL 7200 00 POWERPLANT GENERAL - 7600 7610 7320 7610 7610 7610 7110 7320 6120 00 00 25 25 03 02 11 03 05 ENGINECONTROL GENERAL POWER CONTROL-GENERAL CARBURETTOR HEATCONTROL THROTTLE/POWER LEVER HIGHPRESSURE COCK THRUSTREVERSER CONTROL COWLFLAPCONTROL MIXTURECONTROL PROPELLER CONTROL/PITCH LEVER 7700 7720 7730 7330 7720 7710 7720 7330 7330 7330 7330 7710 7930 7720 7930 7850 7710 7720 7710 7730 00 00 00 12 01 03 02 01 02 03 04 16 01 04 03 01 01 11 04 04 ENGINE INDICATIONS GENERAL ENGINE TEMP.INDICATIONS GENERAL ENGINEANALYSERS GENERAL CARBURETTOR TEMPERATURE AIR CYLINDER HEADTEMPERATURE ENGINE PRESSURE RATIO (EPR) EXHAUST TEMPERATURE GAS FUELCONTENTS FUELFLOW FUELPRESSURE FUELTEMPERATURE MANIFOLD PRESSURE OIL PRESSURE OIL TEMPERATURE OIL CONTENTS REVERSER POSITION RPM(Nl, N2, ETC.) TURBINEINLETTEMPERATURE TORGUE VIBRATION INDICATOR TEXT CODE 7300 7310 7320 7320 7330 7320 7310 7310 7320 7320 7320 7310 7320 7310 00 00 00 06 00 01 01 07 22 20 24 02 03 03 00 01 00 00 07 08 05 01 04 20 02 01 00 WWERPLANT LUBRICATION SYSTEM ENGINE OIL ENGINEOILSTORAGE ENGINE DISTRIBUTION OIL COOLER FILLERCAP FILTER LINE/HOSE/FIllING CHIP DETECTOR PUMP SEAL TANK INDICATING SYSTEM 7400 7410 7420 7430 7440 7420 7420 7410 7420 7430 00 00 00 00 00 06 02 01 01 01 IGNITION SYSTEM IGNITION -ELECTRICAL SUPPLY IGNITION DISTRIBUTION IGNITION SWITCHING IGNITION INDICATIONS HIGHTENSION WIRING/HARNESS IGNITER PLUG MAGNETO/DISTRIBUTOR SPARKPLUG SWITCH(IGNITION MAGNETO) - 7200 7210 7210 7210 7210 7210 00 00 03 01 04 02 ENGINE-GENERAL REDUCTION GEARSHAFTSECTION BEARING GEAR HOUSING/CASING PROPELLER SHAFT 6100 6110 6120 6110 6120 6110 6120 6110 6110 6120 6120 6120 6110 00 00 00 03 07 01 09 09 02 06 01 10 04 PROPELLER GENERAL PROPELLER ASSEMBLY-GENERAL PROPELLERCONTROLGENERAL HUB BOLTS AUTOFEATHER SYSTEM BLADE FEATHER MOTOR FINE PITCHLOCK HUB .SYNCHRONIZATION PITCHCONTROL UNIT (INCL. CSU) REVERSING SPINNER Dot 9156 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Airframe Flightcontrol systems Other systems *Miscellaneous POWERPLANT FUELSYSTEM GENERAL PDWERPLANTFUEL DISTRIBUTION POWERPLANT CONTROL FUEL FUELCONTROL UNIT POWERPLANT INDICATION FUEL CARBURETTOR ENGINE DRIVEN PUMP FUEL/FLUIDCOOLER FUELCDNTROL COMPUTER FUELINJECTOR FUELTRIMMER LINE, FITTING MIXTURE CONTROLVALVE POWERPLANT VALVE FUEL 7900 7900 7910 7920 7920 7910 7920 7920 7930 7920 7920 7910 7930 AIRCRAFT POWERPLANT *General Structures Mlscellaneuus COMPONENTS UNItlUE TOHELICOPTERS AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS General Flightcrew AIRCRAFT SERVICING ANDMAINTENANCE AIRTRAFFIC CONTROL SERVICE AERODROME/HELIWRT Facilities Operations WEATHER‘ TERRAIN --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- TEXT COOE AS-5 Not for Resale
  • 40. Descriptivefactors SUBJECTS AIRCRAFT Airframe Flight control SyStemS Other systems MiscsltaneOus WWERPLANT General *Structures Miscellaneous COMPONENTS UNIQUE TO HELICOPTERS --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS General Flight crew AIRCRAFT SERVICING AND MAINTENANCE AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SERVICE AERODROME/HELIWRT Facilities Operations CODE CODE 6110 08 6130 00 6140 00 6140 01 00 00 8000 8010 8010 00 00 01 8010 02 STARTER - 7100 00 7120 00 7130 00 7180 00 AIR POWERPLANTINSTALLATION - GENERAL POWERPLANT MOUNTING FIRESEALS POWERPLANT INSTALL. INDIC.SYSTEM 00 05 01 11 02 12 10 03 08 10 TURBINE ENGINE-TURBINEASSEMBLY DISC TURBINE CASING SPACER/SEAL TURBINE BLADE STATOR/VANE BEARING SHAFT TAIL CONE/EXHAUSTCONE JET PIPE 00 ACCESSORY-DRIVE SECTION SPACER/SEAL STATOR/VANESHAFT COMPRESSOR CASING SPACER/SEAL COMPRESSOR BLADE 'STATOR/VANE BLEED VALVE DISC HUB IMPELLER STRUCTURES WEATHER TERRAIN TURBINE ENGINE COMBUSTOR ASSEMBLY OUTER CASING LINER/FLAME TUBE FUELNOZZLE 7260 ACCESSORY DRIVESHAFT ENGINE STARTING SYSTEM ENGINE CRANKING STARTER ELECTRIC - 00 01 02 04 7250 7250 7250 7250 7250 7250 7250 7250 7810 7810 ACCESSORY GEARBOX 8310 TURBINE ENGINE-COMPRESSOR SECTION 7240 7240 7240 7240 POWERPLANTACCESSORIES 8300 TURBINE ENGINE FAN SECTION VARIABLE 3LADEMECHANISM BEARING BLADE CASE DISC 7232 00 7232 14 7232 09 7232 10 7232 11 7232 17 7232 01 7232 02 7232 18 PITCHCHANGE MECHANISM PROPELLER BRAKE PROPELLER INDICATIONS PITCHINDICATION TEXT 7231 00 7231 19 7231 10 7231 06 7231 14 7231 02 7231 07 7231 11 7231 08 TEXT 7260 7281 7282 7283 7284 7280 7282 7283 7282 7283 7283 7283 7283 7283 7282 7283 7282 00 00 00 00 00 06 01 06 04 02 01 03 04 11 02 07 03 7283 09 7110 01 7110 00 7285 00 7285 01 7285 02 7285 0.5 7800 7810 7810 7820 7820 8120 8120 8120 7810 7850 00 07 09 00 03 00 01 02 25 00 RECIPROCATING ENGINE ASSEMBLY FRONT SECTION POWER SECTION CYLINDER SECTION SUPERCHARGER CRANKCASE CRANKSHAFT CONNECTING ROD BEARING CYLINDER CYLINDER HEAD PISTON PISTON RING GUDGEON PIN CAMSHAFT VALVE CAM DRIVE GEAR 7830 00 7830 01 7830 02 7830 03 7830 04 7830 14 7830 15 7830 16 7830 17 7830 08 RECIPROCATING ENGINE COOLING BAFFLE COWL FLAP COWLING RECIPROCATING ENGINE INTAKE ASSEMBLY AIR FILTER INDUCTION MANIFOLD ALTERNATE VALVE AIR ENGINE EXHAUST SYSTEM EXHAUST MANIFOLD EXHAUST PIPE NOISE SUPPRESSION MUFFLER/SILENCER TURBO CHARGER TURBO CHARGERTURBINE WASTE GATE CLAMP EXHAUST SYSTEM INDICATIONS A5-6 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS TURBINE ENGINE-THRUSTREVERSER FAN REVERSER TURBINE REVERSER CLAMSHELL DOOR BLOCKER DOOR ACTUATOR HYDRAULIC ACTUATOR-PNEUMATIC ACTUATOR ELECTRIC ACTUATOR MECHANICAL CASCADE Dot 9156 Not for Resale
  • 41. ICAO 7356 t* W 4843436 0019035 723 - Descriptive factors SUBJECTS MISCELLANEOUS 7509 7510 7520 7530 7540 7170 8100 8200 8200 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 01 ENGINE AIR ENGINE ANTI-ICE ACCESSORY COOLING COMPONENT CONTROL ENGINE INDICATIONS AIR ENGINE DRAIN/VENT TURBINE NOTMAIN ENGINE TURBINE WATERINJECTION SYSTEM WATER-METHANOL COMPONENTS UNIQUETO HELICOPTERS 6200 6210 8210 6210 8210 6210 6210 6210 6210 6210 6210 8210 00 00 01 02 03 04 05 08 07 08 09 10 MAIN ROTOR GENERAL MAIN ROTOR SWASHPLATE ROTOR HEAD TRACKING BLADE BEARING SPINDLE DAMPER TRUNNION STABILIZER BAR HUB 6220 00 MAIN ROTOR BRAKE 6230 6230 6230 6230 00 01 02 03 MAIN ROTOR INDICATIONS BLADEFAILURE RPM VIBRATION MONITORING 6300 6309 6300 8300 83W 63DO 6300 00 01 02 03 04 05 08 PGWER DRIVESYSTEM GEARBOX DRIVESHAFT GEARBOX BELTDRIVE CLUTCH FREMHEEL ACCESSORY DRIVE BEARING 6310 00 GEARBOX 6320 00 LUBRICATION 6330 8330 6330 04 01 02 INDICATIONS CHIPDETECTOR GEARBOX FAILURE 64D9 6400 6400 6400 00 01 02 03 TAIL ROTOR BLADE HUB BEARING 6500 6500 00 01 TAIL ROTOR DRIVESYSTEM SHAFT 6500 6500 02 03 8510 00 AIRCRAFT Airframe Flight control systems Other systems MlscellanecHls BEARING GEARBOX POWERPLANT General Structures *Miscellaneous TAIL ROTOR DRIVEINDICATIONS AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS *COMPONENTS UNIOUE TO HELICOPTERS AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS *General flight crew GENERAL 8820 8820 8820 8820 8820 8820 00 10 15 16 17 18 8820 8820 8820 8820 8820 19 24 25 30 35 RADAR ASSISTAPPROACH GO-AROUND (VFR) MISSED APPROACH (IFR) SPIN STALL 8820 8820 8820 8820 40 45 46 47 LOW FLYING ENGINE OUT FERRY ENGINE OUTSIMULATED EXTRAENGINE FERRY 8820 8820 8820 60 65 70 TOUCHAND GOLANDING GLIDER TOWING BANNER TOWING 8820 8820 8820 75 80 85 MOUNTAIN FLYING SLINGLOADOPERATION RESCUE HOISTOPERATION 0200 0200 0200 0200 0200 0200 0200 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 0200 0200 0200 0200 0200 07 08 09 10 11 EMERGENCY DESCENT ABORTEDTAKE-OFF CARGO DUMPING FUEL DUMPING DIVERSION 0200 0200 0200 0200 0200 0200 0200 12 i3 14 15 16 30 35 OVERWEIGH; LANDING DISTRESS CALL FLYPAST INSPECTION AUTOROTATION EVASIVE MANEOUVRE FLAPLESS LANDING FUEL BURN-OFF Dot 9156 OPERATIONAL MODE AEROBATICS AUTOAPPROACH AUTOLANO ILS MANUALAPPROACH INSTAPPROACH NO ILS - AIRCRAFT SERVICING AN0 MAINTENANCE AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SERVICE AEROOROME/HELIPORT Facilities Operations WEATHER TERRAIN CONTINGENCIES PRECAUTIONARY LANDING PRECAUTIONARY DESCENT EMERGENCY EVACUATION , EMERGENCY LANDING FORCED LANDING A/C RETURN A5-7 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale 5
  • 42. ICAO 7356 tt m 484L4Lb 0019036 8bT - Descriptivefactors SUBJECTS AIRCRAFT Airframe Flight control systems Other systems Miscellaneous FLIGHT CREW 8720 AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SERVICE AEROOROME/HELlPORT Facilities Operations WEATHER TERRAIN --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 25 30 31 32 33 34 8710 8710 8710 35 40 45 8715 8715 8715 8715 8715 8715 6715 00 10 15 20 35 50 55 00 05 10 8720 8720 8720 8720 15 30 36 37 8720 8720 8720 38 39 40 65 70 82 84 85 87 88 89 FLAPS SPOILERS LIFT DUMPDEVICES AND 50 51 52 55 56 FLIGHT CONTROLS TRIM GUSTLOCKS 57 58 59 60 61 AUTOFLIGHT SYSTEM COMMUNICATIONS ELECTRICAL SYSTEM EQUIPMENT FURNISHING 62 63 64 65 66 HYDRAULIC POWER SYSTEM ICE PROTECTION SYSTEM LIGHTING SYSTEM NAVIGATION SYSTEM OXYGEN 67 68 69 70 71 73 74 75 PNEUMATIC SYSTEM VACUUM SYSTEM APU DOOR SYSTEM W INDOWS LOAD JETTISON SYSTEM SEATBELTSIGN NO SMOKING SIGN 00 IO 8810 15 8810 FUELCONSUMPTION CALCULATIONS 20 CARBURETTOR HEAT POWER PLANT MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM AIRCRAFT HANDLING DIRECTIONAL CONTROL LATERAL CONTROL LONGITUDINAL CONTROL Dot 9156 A5-i? Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 45 46 8810 8810 VISUALFLIGHT RULES INSTRUMENT FLIGHT RULES AIR-GROUND COMMUNICATION AIR-AIRCDMh4UNICATION FUELSYSTEM FUELDUMPSYSTEM FUELSELECTOR 8805 8805 8805 8805 8805 8805 8605 8805 PROCEDURE-AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL PROCEDURENOISE ABATEMENT PROCEDURE-EMERGENCY PROCEDURE-STANDARD OPERATING 40 41 43 8805 8805 8805 8805 8805 SAFETY ALTITUDE FLIGHT SUPERVISION INSTRUCTIONS ATC) (NON ATCCLEARANCE/INSTRUCTIONS FREQUENCY SELECTION RADIOTELEPHONY PHRASEOLOGY POSITION REPORTING LANDING LIGHTS TAXI LIGHTS NAVIGATION LIGHTS STROBE LIGHTS LANDING GEAR 8805 8805 8805 8805 8805 PROCEDUREEVACUATION PROCEDUREENGINE SHUTDOWN RELIGHT PROCEDURE 30 31 32 33 35 8805 8805 8805 8805 8805 PROCEDUREENGINE START CREW CO-ORDINATION DECISION HEIGHT PROCEDURE WEATHER MINIMA OPERATION EGUIPMENT GENERAL OF INSTRUMENTS ALTIMETER BRAKES 8805 8805 FLIGHTCREW PROCEDURES PRE-FLIGHT PLANNING/PREPARATION PRE.FLIGHT CHECK 00 05 10 15 20 25 8805 8805 8805 FLIGHT CREW DECISIONS FLIGHT INITIATED TAXI/PARKED TAKE-OFF FLIGHT CONTINUED APPROACH LANDING AIRCRAFT HANDLING GENERAL - 8805 8805 8805 8805 8805 VISUAL-ORAL WARNING NAVIGATION W INDCOMPENSATION 00 8805 8805 8805 8805 8805 8805 FLIGHT CREW PERCEPTION OTHER A/C OBJECT/OBSTACLE LOOK OUT 91 8800 JUOGEMENT LANDING JUDGEMENT DISTANCE JUOGEMENT SEPARATION JUOGEMENT HEIGHT JUOGEMENT OBSTACLE CLEARANCE JUDGEMENT OTHER - 8720 8720 8720 8720 AIRCRAFT SERVICING AND MAINTENANCE 8710 8710 8710 8710 8710 8710 8720 8720 8720 8720 AIRCRAFT OFWATIONS General *Flight crwy 00 10 15 20 8720 41 8720 55 8720 56 8720 60 8720 67 8720 68 8720 69 COMPONENTS UNIQUE TO HELICOPTERS 8710 8710 8710 8710 8720 8720 8720 POWERPLANT General Structures Miscellaneous TEXT CODE TEXT CODE Not for Resale
  • 43. ICAO 9356 tt - 484L4Lb 0039037 7Tb - Descriptive factors SUBJECTS CODE TEXT 8810 40 AIRCRAFT LIMITATIONS 8810 8810 8810 81 75 46 TAXITECHNIPUE T/D TECHNIQUE TRANSLATIONAL LIFT FLYINGSPEED ROTOR RPM 65 75 8810 8810 8810 26 06 25 ATTITUDE ALTITUDE AIRSPEED 8810 8810 30 80 RATEDFCLIME LEVEL-OFF 8810 8610 8810 8810 35 36 60 55 RATEDFDESCENT GLIDEPATH ALIGNMENTWITH RUNWAY LANDING FtARE 6630 8830 8830 6830 8830 8830 DO 05 15 20 30 40 6756 8756 . 8756 8756 8756 8756 8756 8756 8756 TEXT DO 05 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 AIRCRAFT Airframe Flight control systems Other systems Miscellaneous AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE/REPAIR SCHEDULEDCHECK MAINTENANCE DOCUMENTATION MODIFICATION MAJORREPAIR SERVICE BULLETIN AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVE MAINTENANCE TOOLS/EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES POWERPLANT General Structures Miscellaneous COMPONENTS UNIOUE TO HELICOPTERS ROTATION LIFT-OFF --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 8810 8810 CODE MISCELLANEOUS A/C PERFORMANCE A/C CONFIGURATION EOUIPMENT DEFICIENCIES GROUND RESONANCE VORTEX RINGSTATE(HELICDPTER) PASSENGER ACTION AIRCRAFT SERVICING AND MAINTENANCE 8900 DO AIRCRAFT LOADING-GENERAL 8905 8905 8905 8905 8905 8905 8905 DO 05 ID 30 35 40 45 WEIGHT/BALANCE MTDW MAXIMUMLANDING WEIGHT FUELBALANCE LOADSHEET BALANCE(CENTER GRAVITY) OF FLOOR LIMITS 8910 8910 DO 10 FUELLOAD FUELBALANCE 8915 8915 8915 8920 8925 8930 DO 10 15 DO DO DO CARGO CARGOTYPE HAZARDOUS CARGO BAGGAGE BALLAST PASSENGERS AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS General Flight crew AIR TRAFFICCONTROL SERVICE 8770 8770 8770 8770 8770 8770 00 05 15 20 30 35 ATC SERVICE- PERCEPTION RESPONSE A/C IDENTIFICATION SEPARATION JUDdEMENT ALTIMETER SETTING CLEARANCE/INSTRUCTIONS UNDERSTANDING 8775 8775 8775 8775 DO 05 16 17 ATC - DECISIONS ATC SERVICE GIVEN ADVERSE WEATHER A/C PERFORMANCE 8780 8780 8780 8780 8780 8780 8780 8780 8780 00 05 06 07 08 09 11 12 20 ATC USE OF PROCEDURES ATC PRDCEDURES/DIRECTIDNS/INSTRUCTiDNS ATC CLEARANCE FREQUENCY ALTIMETER SETTING RADIOTELEPHONY PHRASEOLOGY ATC AIRCRAFT IDENTIFICATION ATC CD-ORDINATION ATC CDNTRDLDFA/C 8785 8785 8785 8785 8785 DO 05 06 07 ID ATC USE OF EQUIPMENT INSTRUMENT DISPLAY ALTIMETER SETTING SSR CODE A/C DATARECORD 8540 8540 8540 00 05 ID ATC EQUIPMENT ELECTRONIC DATADISPLAY ' MANUALDATADISPLAY 8540 8540 8540 8540 8540 8540 8540 15 16 17 18 19 20 25 CDMM EQUIPMENT- HF CDMM EQUIPMENT-UHF CDMMEQUIPMENT- VHF CDMM EQUIPMENT- OTHER CONFLICT ALERTSYSTEM FLIGHTDATAREPORTING SYSTEM OTHER ATC EQUIPMENT 8555 8555 8555 8555 8555 8555 DO 05 ID 15 20 25 ATC PROCEDURES GENERAL DEPARTUREPROCEDURE CLIMB PROCEDURE NOISE ABATEMENT PROCEDURE AIRWAYS/ROUTE PROCEDURE HOLDING PROCEDURE *AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SERVICE AEROOROME/HELlWRl Facilities Operations WEATHER lot 9156 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS *AIRCRAFT SERVICING AN0 MAINTENANCE TERRAIN AS-9 Not for Resale
  • 44. ----- ---._ ICAO ‘ 7156 _ t* _~ ___ m 4B4l,4l,b _--- --- OOL7038 __~~ 632 - Descriptivefactors SUBJECTS TEXT CODE AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS General Fltght crew 30 35 40 45 50 55 9210 9210 9210 9210 00 02 12 11 9210 9210 9210 15 20 25 9210 9210 9210 35 40 45 DESCENT PROCEDURE APPROACH PROCEDURE MISSED APPROACH PROCEDURE EMERGENCY/ALERTING PROCEDURE REMOVAL F EQUIPMENT O M O F R SERVICE RADAR ASSISTANCE 50 55 60 70 80 AREANAVIGATION VDF VDR(INCLUDES DVDR/VDRTAC) DME NDB 95 NAVAIDS 81 MARKER BEACON RADIO NAVAIDS GENERAL MARKER SURFACE RADAR AREARADAR 00 05 IO 15 25 30 31 32 RAMP/APRON STATE APRON SLRFACE STATE APRON SURFACE CONDITION APRON BRAKING ACTION APRON/RAMP BREAKING STRENGTH APRON/RAMP OBSTRUCTION APRON/RAMP DAMAGE APRDN/RAMPCDNGESTlDN 8690 MLS - COMPLETE MLS -GLIDE SLOPE MLS - LDCALIZER 9210 9210 9210 9210 9210 8645 8845 8645 8645 8645 8645 8845 8645 ILS - COMPLETE ILS - GLIDE PATH ILS - LDCALIZER 9210 COMWNENTS UNIOUE TO HELICOPTERS 8555 8555 8555 8555 8555 8555 9210 WWERPLANT General structures Miscellanews TEXT CODE DO OFFAERODROME LANDING AREA AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SERVICE AEROOROMElHELlF’ ORT *Facilities *Op4rations WEATHER TERRAIN 9210 83 9210 9210 85 86 - 9215 DO 9215 ID 9215 15 9215 25 9215 35 9215 40 9215 45 9215 50 9215 51 9215 55 9215 65 9215 70 9220 9220 AERODROME/HELIPORT MARKING IO TAXIWAY 9220 15 20 APRON MARKING 9225 DO 9225 9225 9225 RADAR-SURFACE RADAR EN-ROUTE RADAR-OTHER 00 05 9220 UNSPECIFIED AERODROME/HELIPORT LIGHTING APPROACH LIGHTING VASI/PAPI RUNWAY LIGHTING STOP BARLIGHTING STOP A Y LIGHTING W TAXIWAY LIGHTING RAMP/APRON LIGHTING SIGNLIGHTING PARKING LIGHTING OBSTRUCTION LIGHTING AERONAUTICAL BEACON LIGHT 9220 AIRCRAFT SERVICING AND MAINTENANCE 10 11 12 RUNWAY/LANDING --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- AIRCRAFT Airframe Flight control systems Other systems Miscellarksous AREA MARKING MARKING OBSTRUCTION MARKING OTHER AIDS LANDING DIRECTION INDICATOR MAPS/CHARTS AERDDRDMECHARTS AERODROhlE/HELIPORT OPERATIONS FACILITIES 8670 8670 8670 8670 8670 8670 8670 8670 8670 8670 8670 8670 8670 8615 8615 DO 35 8620 8620 8620 8620 8620 8620 8620 8620 8620 DO ID 15 20 25 30 31 32 35 RUNWAYSURFACE STATE- GENERAL RUNWAYSURFACE CONDITION AQUAPLANING CONDITION BRAKING ACTION BRAKING STRENGTH RUNWAYOBSTRUCTION RUNWAY DAMAGE RUNWAY APPROACH OBSTRUCTIONS RUNWAY SHOULDER 8625 00 RUNWAY OVERRUN 8635 8635 8635 00 IO 15 TAXIWAY STATE TAXIWAY SURFACE CONDITION TAXIWAY BRAKING ACTION A5-10 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS DO 05 ID 15 20 EMERGENCY SERVICES CFR- GENERAL RESPONSE EFFECTIVITY EQUIPMENT OTHER 8682 RUNWAY DESCRIPTION RUNWAY SLOPE AERODRDME/HELIPORT OPERATIONS GENERAL ANIMALCONTROL BIRDCONTROL HAZARD WARNING/NDTIFICATIDN RUNWAY FRICTION MEASUREMENT AERDDRDME FACILITIES MAINTENANCE FOREIGN OBJECT REMOVAL SNOW/ICE REMOVAL VEHICLE CONTROL OTHER AERDDRDME OPERATIONS REFUELLING SERVICE AERDDRDME STORAGE FUEL MAINTENANCE RAMPSERVICE‘ 8680 8680 8680 8680 8680 FORAERODROME LIGHTING 9215 SEE DO 05 IO 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 DO EMERGENCY SERVICES MEDICAL - Dot 9156 Not for Resale
  • 45. ICAO 9356 t* - q841'tLb 0019039 579 - Descriptive factors SUBJECTS TEXT 9310 9310 9310 9310 9310 9310 00 05 10 15 7.0 50 SECURITY OPERATIONS AIRPORT SECURITY CARGO CHECK PASSENGER SECURITY CHECKING AIRCRAFTCHECK OTHER SECURITY OPERATION 9320 9320 9320 9320 9320 9320 9320 00 05 10 15 20 25 50 SECURITY EQUIPMENT PAXSCANNER HAND-HELD METALDETECTOR X-RAYEQUIPMENT EXPLOSIVE SNIFFER PERIMETER FENCE OTHER SECURITY EQUIPMENT 9100 9100 9106 91w 00 05 10 15 WEATHER INFORMATION GENERAL SPECIALWEATHERWARNING IN-FLIGHT BRIEFING IN-FLIGHT ADVISORY 9105 00 WEATHER BRIEFING 9110 00 WEATHER FORECAST 9112 9112 00 10 WEATHER REPORT- GENERAL VOLMET 9115 9115 9115 9115 9115 9115 9115 9115 9115 9115 9115 9115 9115 9115 9115 9115 9115 9115 00 05 10 14 15 20 25 26 30 40 45 50 55 56 57 58 59 61 WIND SURFACE WINDVELOCITY GALE HEADWIND TAILWIND CROSSWIND WINDSHEAR WINDSHIFT GUSTS JET STREAM TURBULENCE(CAT) TURBULENCE VDRTEX/WAKETURBULENCE MOUNTAIN WAVE HURRICANE,TR. STORM) CYCLONE(INCLUDES TORNADO LINE SQUALL OTHERWIND/TURBULENCE 9130 9130 9130 9130 9130 9130 9130 9130 9130 9130 00 05 06 10 15 16 17 20 25 30 ATMOSPHERIC RESTRICTIONS VISION TO DUST VOLCANIC DUST SANDSTORM FOG MIST PRECIPITATION HAZE SMOKE BLOWING SNOW Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 31 35 40 45 50 9140 9140 9140 9140 9140 9140 9140 9140 9140 00 05 10 15 20 25 30 40 45 TYPEOFPRECIPITATION RAIN SLEET SNOW HAIL ICING FROST FREEZING RAIN FREEZING DRIZZLE 9145 9145 9145 WEATHER 9130 9130 9130 9130 9135 00 05 10 TEMPERATURE OAT TEMPERATURESHEAR 9150 9150 00 05 PRESSURE SETTING DENSITY ALTITUDE 9180 9160 9180 9180 9160 9160 9160 9180 9160 00 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 55 GENERAL WEATHER CONDITION VMC IMC FRONTAL SYSTEM INVERSION LIGHTNING STRIKE HUMIDITY WHIRLWIND LINE SQUALL 9165 9185 00 05 MET EPUIPMENT GENERAL MET INSTRUMENTS 9170 9170 9170 9170 00 05 10 15 MET OPERATIONS GENERAL WEATHER OBSERVATION WEATHER UPDATING MET FACILITIES MAINTENANCE 9180 9180 9180 9180 9180 9180 00 05 10 15 20 25 LIGHTCONDITIONS GENERAL DAWN DAYLIGHT DUSK NIGHT/DARK NIGHT/MOONLIT WHITEOUT SUN GLARE SPRAY ATMOSPHERIC POLLUTION OTHER AIRCRAFF Airframe Flight control systems Other system Miscellaneous WWERPlANT General Slmhlres Miscellanews COMPONENTS UNIGIJE TO HELICOPTERS AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS General Flight craw AIRCRAFT SERVICING AND MAINTENANCE AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SERVICE AERODROME/HELlPORT Facilities Operaliins *WEATHER *TERRAIN rERRAlN 9400 9400 9400 9400 9400 9400 9400 9400 00 05 10 15 20 25 30 99 TERRAIN CONDITION GENERAL MOUNTAIN/HILL FIELD PADDOCK SWAMP WATER ICE OTHER Not for Resale --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- CODE
  • 46. ICAO 71156 b* - 48’ i3436 OOL9040 290 - Descriptivefactors MODIFIERS Continued from page A5-2. CODE TEXT AERODROME/HELlPORT FacllitifS Oparalbns *WEATHER *TERRAIN MISUNDERSTOOD MODERATE MOUNTAINOUS MOVEMENT RESTRICTED MULTIPLE FAILURE 832 636 638 054 642 NOTUNDERSTOOD NOTUSED NOTWANTED NUT/BOLTMISSING OBSTRUCTED 754 758 780 762 414 RUPTI SAND SCORI SCUFI SEIZE NICKED ND PRESSURE NOISE EXCESSIVE NOISE UNUSUAL NOISY 646 648 650 316 652 654 OIL ON OPEN OPEN CIRCUIT OPERATION IMPROPER OUTOF BALANCE OUTOF TOLERANCES 764 766 370 370 768 SELEC SEPAF SETTI SETTI SEVEF NONEXISTENT NOTABORTED NOTADVISED OF NOTAIRWORTHY NOTAPPROVED 458 180 658 OUTPUT LOW OUTSIDE LIMITS OUTSIDE MIN. EQUIPMENT LIST NOTARMED NOTATTAINED NOTAl-TEMPTED NOTAUTHORIZED NOTAVAILABLE OVERCONTROLLED OVERESTIMATED OVERHEATEd OVERINFLATED OVERLOAD FAILURE DVERSPEED OVERSTRAINED OVERTORQUED SHEAf SHIFT SHlMf SHOR SHUT SHUT 780 782 784 786 788 SIMUL SIMUL NOTBELIEVED NOTCALIBRATED NOTCARRIED OUT NOTCHECKED NOTCOMFORTABLE 860 662 664 666 668 672 674 676 770 772 774 776 778 784 516 518 520 522 524 AIRTRAFFIC CONTROL SERVICE RPM, 506 508 510 512 514 AIRCRAFT SERVICING AND MAINTENANCE 746 748 750 752 090 974 548 498 500 502 504 General FlQht crew NOTSEEN NOTSELECTED NOTSUCCESSFUL NOTS!JFFlClENT NOTSUITABLE 490 AIRCRAFT OPEWiTlONS 622 624 930 398 628 492 188 938 494 COMWNENTS UNIOUE TO HELICOPTERS MISRIGGED MISSING MISSING BOLT/NUT MISSING PART MISTED 632 484 486 736 488 POWERPLANT General Sfructures Mlsesllamous CODE TEXT 476 478 054 480 260 AIRCRAFI Amme Fliiht conlrol syslerns Otlwsystams Miscsllanews CODE TEXT 052 366 480 366 PARTPARTPARTPART- 350 526 528 530 532 NOTCOMPLETE(D) NOTCONTROLLABLE NOTDEPLOYED NOTDETECTED NOTDETERMINED 790 794 796 798 800 SLIPPL SLOW SLOW SLOW SLUSt 534 536 538 384 NOTDISPLAYED NOTDONE NOTEFFECTED NOTEFFECTIVE 678 680 682 684 692 190 PARTIAL LOSS PENETRATED PERFORMED PINCHED PLANNING POOR PLAYEXCESSIVE 802 804 806 808 810 SMELL SMOKI SMOKI SMOlc! SNAPP 542 544 548 548 550 NOTENGAGED NOTESTABLISHED NOTESTABLISHED ON NOTEXISTING NOTEXPECTED 686 888 690 692 694 POOR POOR CONDITION POOR EXECUTION POOR PLANNING POOR WELD 812 812 814 818 818 SNOW SNOW SOFT SOFTM SPATT 698 318 POPPED POSITIONING IMPROPER - 552 554 556 558 560 NOTEXTENDED NOTFASTENED NOTFAVDURABLE NOTFOLLOWED NOTFORECAST 864 698 700 702 704 706 PREMATURE PREMATURE ABORT PREMATURE DEPLOYMENT PREMATURE EXTENSION PREMATURE RETRACTION PREMATURE USE 820 824 826 828 830 SPILLE STALL STARV. STATIC STICKI 562 564 566 568 572 NOTFULLYUTILIZED NOTGIVEN NOTHEARD NOTIDENTIFIED NOTINDICATED NOTINFLATED NOTINITIATED NOTINSPECTED NOTINSTALLED NOTINTENTIONAL PRESENT PRESSURE HIGH PRESSURE LOW PRESSURE NONE PRESSURE LOSS- RAPID PRESSURE LOSS- SLOW PRESSURE HIGH TOO PRESSURE LOW TOO STIFF STOLEI STOPPI STDWE STRES: 574 576 578 580 924 708 288 460 492 726 796 710 712 832 834 836 376 838 840 842 844 046 846 438 STRIPP STRON STRUC STRUC STRUC, STRUC 582 584 NOTISSUED NOTJEITISDNED NOTKNOWN 714 716 718 720 722 PREVIOUS DAMAGE PROGRESS MONITORED NOT RADIATION LEAK RADIOACTIVE RAN ROUGH 848 852 ‘ 824 I 854 976 STUCK SUDDE SURGE SURGE: TAXlWl --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 926 Not for Resale BOGUS INCORRECT MISSING WRONG RUBB RUNA RUN0 RUNM RUNM SIMUL SIPHD SKID0
  • 47. --- I OVERHEATEb OVERINFLATED OVERLOAD FAILURE OVERSPEED OVERSTRAINED DVERTORQUED 052 366 480 366 PART BOGUS PART INCORRECT PART MISSING PART-WRONG 678 680 682 684 692 190 1 664 666 668 672 674 676 748 912 POOR POOR CONDITION POOR EXECUTION WOR PLANNING POOR WELD 812 812 814 816 ET8 SNOWCOVEREO SNOW ON SOFT SOFTWARE ERROR SPATTER 696 318 POPPED POSITIONING IMPROPER - 864 698 700 702 704 706 PREMATURE PREMATURE ABORT PREMATURE DEPLOYMENT PREMATURE EXTENSION PREMATURERETRACTION PREMATURE USE 820 a24 828 828 830 SPILLED STALL/SURGE STARVATION STATIC DISCHARGE STICKING 708 28-8 460 492 726 796 710 712 PRESENT PRESSURE HIGH PRESSURE LOW PRESSURE-NONE PRESSURE - RAPID LOSS PRESSURE LOSS-SLOW PRESSURE HIGH TOO PRESSURE LOW TOO 832 834 838 376 838 STIFF STOLEN STOPPED STOWED INCORRECTLY STRESS CORROSION 840 842 a44 048 846 438 STRIPPED STRONG STRUCK STRUCK BIRD BY STRUCK FOREIGN BY OBJECT STRUCK LIGHTNING BY 714 716 718 720 722 PREVIOUS DAMAGE PROGRESS MONITORED NOT RADIATION LEAK RADIOACTIVE RANROUGH 848 852 824 854 976 STUCK SUDDEN SURGE/STALL SURGED TAXIWAY -WRONG 724 726 798 728 730 732 736 RAPID LOSS RAPID PRESSURE LOSS REACTION SLOW READGACK ERROR RECOVERED REDUCED RESTRICTED MOVEMENT 868 868 882 856 858 TEMPERATUREEXCESSIVE TEMPERATURE-TOO HIGH TEMPERATURE-TOO LOW THERMAL RUNAWAY TIPPED OVER 342 818 704 906 738 RETRACTION -INADVERTENT RETRACTION NOTDONE RETRACTION PREMATURE RETRACTION UNCOMMANDED RETRACTION FAILED 654 860 882 864 886 TOLERANCES -EXCEEDED TOOCLOSE TOOCOLO TOOEARLY TOOHIGH 478 940 740 742 744 722 RIGGING INCORRECT ROAD/TAXIWAY USED ROLLING ROTATED ROUGH ROUGH RUNNING 868 870 a72 188 874 TOOHOT TOOLATE TOOLOW TOONOISY TOOSHALLOW 876 878 880 882 884 TOOSTEEP TREAD SHED TREE COVERED TRIPPED TURNED OFF --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale USEUSEUSEUSEUSEUSED 940 942 324 944 946 USINGROAD/TAXIWAY VAPOUR LOCK VENTING IMPROPER VERTICAL VIBRATION 192 948 390 194 462 VIBRATION EXCESSIVE VIOLATED VOLCANIC DUSTINGESTION VOLTAGE EXCESSIVE VOLTAGE LOW - 244 806 950 952 954 952 WARNING FIRE WARNING-SMOKE WARPED WATER COVERED WATER IN WATER ON WEAK WELD- POOR WET WITHINMIN. EQUIPMENT LIST WITHOUT ASSISTANCE WORN WRONG AERODROME WRONG AREASELECTED WRONG FLUID 360 972 366 974 370 976 372 665 688 696 692 694 322 344 374 426 706 938 962 964 968 970 254 SMELLED SMOKE IN SMOKE WARNING SMOKE/FUME SNAPPED UNSERVICEABLE UNSUCCESSFUL UNSUITABLE AREASELECTED UNUSUAL NOISE UNWANTED 956 694 958 960 802 804 806 808 810 UNLUBRICATED UNMARKED UNMONITORED UNSECURED UNSEEN 928 930 934 936 638 PARTIAL LOSS PENETRATED PERFORMED PINCHED PLANNING POOR PLAYEXCESSIVE UNIDENTIFIED UNINSPECTED UNINTENTIONAL UNKNOWN UNLOCKED 588 594 598 620 622 SLIPPERY SLOWLOSS SLOWPRESSiRE LOSS SLOWREACTION SLUSHON UNEVEN UNEXPECTED UNFAVOURABLE UNFORECAST UNHEARD 568 578 924 926 586 790 794 796 798 800 UNDERINFLATED UNDERTORPUED UNDETECTED UNDETERMINED UNDETERMINED FAILURE 920 550 556 560 568 SIMULATED SIMULATED FAILURE SIMULATED SHUTDOWN SIPHONED SKIDDED UNCONTROLLABLERPM UNDERESTIMATED 914 916 530 532 918 780 782 784 788 788 WRONG GRADE WRONG MATERIAL WRONG PART WRONG RUNWAY WRONG SETTING WRONG TAXIWAY WRONGTYPE IMPROPER INADVERTENT INCORRECT LATE PREMATURE
  • 48. ICAO 915b tt - 48YL4Lb 0019042 063 W Descriptivefactors MODIFIERS CODE TEXT 622 624 930 396 628 NOTSEEN NOTSELECTED NOTSUCCESSFUL NOTSUFFICIENT NOTSUITABLE 748 748 750 752 090 974 RPMUNCONTROLLABLE RUBBERDEPOSITS RUNAWAY RUNDOWN RUNWAY-CLOSED RUNWAY -WRONG 632 636 638 054 642 NOTUNDERSTOOD NOTUSED NOTWANTED NUT/BOLTMISSING OBSTRUCTED 754 758 760 762 414 RUPTURED SANDY SCORED SCUFFED SEIZED/JAMMED 646 648 650 316 652 654 OIL ON OPEN OPEN CIRCUIT OPERATION IMPROPER OUTOFBALANCE OUTOFTOLERANCES 764 766 370 370 768 SELECTED SEPARATED SEllING - INCORRECT SETTING-WRONG SEVERE 458 180 658 OUTPUT LOW OUTSIDE LIMITS OUTSIDE MIN. EQUIPMENT LIST 680 662 664 666 668 672 674 678 DVERCONTROLLED OVERESTIMATED OVERHEATErj OVERINFLATED OVERLOAD FAILURE OVERSPEED OVERSTRAINED OVERTORDUED 770 772 774 776 778 784 SHEARED SHIFTED SHIMMY SHORTED/GROUNDED SHUTDOWN SHUTDOWN-SIMULATED 780 782 784 786 788 SIMULATED SIMULATED FAILURE SIMULATEDSHUT DOWN SIPHONED SKIDDED 052 366 480 366 PARTPARTPARTPART- 790 794 796 798 800 SLIPPERY SLOWLOSS SLOWPRESSURELOSS SLOWREACTION SLUSHON 678 680 682 684 692 190 PARTIAL LOSS PENETRATED PERFORMED PINCHED PLANNING-POOR PLAYEXCESSIVE 802 804 806 808 810 SMELLED SMOKEIN SMOKE WARNING SMOKE/FUME SNAPPED 686 688 690 692 694 POOR POOR CONDITION POOR EXECUTION POOR PLANNING POOR WELD 812 812 814 816 818 SNOWCOVERED SNOWON SOFT SOFTWARE ERROR SPATTER 696 318 POPPED POSITIONING IMPROPER - 864 698 700 702 704 706 PREMATURE PREMATURE ABORT PREMATURE DEPLOYMENT PREMATUREEXTENSION PREMATURE RETRACTION PREMATURE USE 820 824 828 828 830 SPILLED STALL/SURGE STARVATION STATICDISCHARGE STICKING 708 288 460 492 726 796 710 712 ED CODE TEXl PRESENT PRESSURE- HIGH PRESSURE-LOW PRESSURE-NONE PRESSURE LOSS- RAPID PRESSURE LOSS-SLOW PRESSURETOO HIGH PRESSURETOO LOW 832 834 836 376 838 STIFF STOLEN STOPPED STOWED INCORRECTLY STRESS CORROSION 840 842 844 046 846 438 STRIPPED STRONG STRUCK STRUCK BIRD BY STRUCK FOREIGN BY OBJECT STRUCKBYLIGHTNING 848 STUCK SUDDEN SURGE/STALL SURGED Not for Resale TAXIWAY WRONG - BOGUS INCORRECT MISSING WRONG 714 PREVIOUS DAMAGE 716 PROGRESS MONITORED NOT Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization 718 RADIATION LEAK Provided by IHS under license with ICAO 720 RADIOACTIVE No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 722 RAN ROUGH --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- CODE TEXT TURNED ON TYPE- INADEQUATE TYPE- INCORRECT TYPE-WRONG UNABLETODISCONNECT 890 852 824 854 976 886 334 372 372 888 504 506 512 514 UNAGLETO RESET UNAPPROVED UNARMED UNAUTHORIZED UNAVAILABLE 652 518 522 524 UNBALANCED UNCALIBRATED UNCHECKED UNCOMFORTABLE 900 902 904 906 UNCOMMANDED UNCOMMANDED DEPLOYMEN UNCOMMANDEO EXTENSION UNCOMMANDED RETRACTION 908 910 526 746 912 UNCONTAINED UNCONTAINED FAILURE UNCONTROLLABLE UNCONTROLLABLERPM UNDERESTIMATED 914 916 530 532 918 UNDERINFLATED UNDERTOROUED UNDETECTED UNDETERMINED UNDETERMINED FAILURE 920 550 556 560 566 UNEVEN UNEXPECTED UNFAVOURABLE UNFORECAST UNHEARD 568 578 924 926 586 UNIDENTIFIED UNINSPECTED UNINTENTIONAL UNKNOWN UNLOCKED 588 594 598 620 622 UNLUBRICATED UNMARKED UNMONITORED UNSECURED UNSEEN 928 930 934 936 638 UNSERVICEABLE UNSUCCESSFUL UNSUITABLE AREASELECTED UNUSUAL NOISE UNWANTED 322 344 374 426 706 938 USE- IMPROPER USE-INADVERTENT USE- INCORRECT USE- LATE USE-PREMATURE USED 940 942 324 '944 946 USINGROAD/TAXIWAY VAPOUR LOCK VENTING IMPROPER VERTICAL VIBRATION 192 948 390 VIBRATION EXCESSIVE VIOLATED VOLCANIC DUSTINGESTION
  • 49. 508 510 512 514 NOTA'IlAlNED NOTATTEMPTED NOTAUTHORIZED NOTAVAILABLE 516 518 520 522 524 NOTBELIEVED NOTCALIBRATED NOTCARRIED OUT NDTCHECKED NOTCOMFORTABLE 350 526 528 530 532 NOTCOMPLETE(D) NOTCONTROLLABLE NOTDEPLOYED NOTDETECTED NOTDETERMINED 534 536 538 384 NOTDISPLAYED NOTDONE NOTEFFECTED NOTEFFECTIVE 642 544 546 548 550 NOTENGAGED NOTESTABLISHED NOTESTABLISHED ON NOTEXISTING NOTEXPECTED 552 554 556 558 560 NOTEXTENDED NOTFASTENED NOTFAVOURAGLE NOTFOLLOWED NOTFORECAST 562 564 568 568 572 NOTFULLYUTILIZED NOTGIVEN NOTHEARD NOTIDENTIFIED NOTINDICATED 574 578 578 580 924 NOTINFLATED NOTINITIATED NOTINSPECTED NOTINSTALLED NOTINTENTIONAL 582 584 926 586 588 NOTISSUED NOTJETTISONED NOTKNOWN NOTLOCKED NOTLUBRICATED 590 592 594 598 600 664 666 688 672 674 676 DVERHEATErj OVERINFLATED OVERLOADFAILURE DVERSPEEDOVERSTRAINED OVERTORPUED 052 366 480 366 PART- BOGUS PART-INCORRECT PART- MISSING PART-WRONG 678 680 682 684 692 190 PARTIAL LOSS PENETRATED PERFORMED PINCHED PLANNING-POOR PLAYEXCESSIVE 686 68.8 690 692 694 POOR POOR CONDITION WDR EXECUTION POOR PLANNING POOR WELD 696 318 POPPED POSITIONING IMPROPER - 864 698 700 702 704 708 PREMATURE PREMATURE ABORT PREMATURE DEPLOYMENT PREMATURE EXTENSION PREMATURE RETRACTION PREMATURE USE 708 288 460 492 726 796 710 712 PRESENT PRESSURE HIGH PRESSURE-LOW PRESSURE-NONE PRESSURE LOSS- RAPID PRESSURE LOSS-SLOW PRESSURETOO HIGH PRESSURETOO LOW 714 718 718 720 722 820 824 828 828 830 SPILLED STALL/SURGE STARVATION STATICDISCHARGE STICKING 832 834 836 378 838 STIFF STOLEN STOPPED STOWED INCORRECTLY STRESS CORROSION 840 842 844 048 846 438 STRIPPED STRONG STRUCK STRUCK BIRD BY STRUCK FOREIGN BY OBJECT STRUCK LIGHTNING BY PREVIOUS DAMAGE PROGRESS MONITORED NOT RADIATION LEAK RADIOACTIVE RANROUGH 848 852 824 854 978 STUCK SUDDEN SURGE/STALL SURGED TAXIWAY WRONG - NOTMADE NOTMAINTAINED NOTMARKED NOTMONITORED NOTNOTIFIED 724 726 798 728 730 732 736 RAPIDLOSS RAPIDPRESSURE LOSS REACTION SLOW READBACK ERROR RECOVERED REDUCED RESTRICTED MOVEMENT 868 888 862 856 858 TEMPERATURE EXCESSIVE TEMPERATURE-TOO HIGH TEMPERATURE-TOO LOW THERMAL RUNAWAY TIPPED OVER 602 604 608 312 808 NOTOBSERVED NOTOBTAINED NOTPERFORMED NOTPOSSIBLE NOTRECELVED 342 618 704 906 738 RETRACTION INADVERTENT RETRACTION -NOT DONE RETRACTION PREMATURE RETRACTION UNCOMMANDED RETRACTION FAILED 654 860 862 864 866 TOLERANCES EXCEEDED TOOCLOSE TOOCOLD TOOEARLY TOOHIGH 612 614 616 618 620 NOTRECOVERED NOTRELINQUISHED NOTREMOVED NOTRETRACTED NOTSECURED 478 940 740 742 744 722 RIGGING INCORRECT ROAD/TAXIWAY USED ROLLING ROTATED ROUGH ROUGH RUNNING 888 870 872 188 874 TOOHOT TOOLATE TOOLOW TOONOISY TOOSHALLOW 876 878 880 882 884 TOOSTEEP TREAD SHED TREECOVERED TRIPPED TURNEDOFF ' --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale 620 622 928 930 934 936 638 322 344 374 426 706 938 940 942 324 944 946 192 948 390 194 462 244 806 950 952 954 952 956 694 958 960 962 964 968 970 254 360 972 366 974 370 976 372
  • 50. ICAO 9156 tt W 4841416 APPENDIX 736 m 6 FOR EXPLANATORY FACTORS --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- CODES OOl19044 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  • 51. .i‘ . . :_ . APPENDIX 6. CODES FOR EXPLANATORYFACTORS By unfoldingthe pagesof this appendix,the manualwill be arrangedas Shown: - . By entering title or designation the organization person,the subjectand the modifier, the of or you can now complete explanatory the factorsas they relateto the descriptivefactors. AiSI --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  • 52. ICAO W,Sb w m 4Bwlb Own46 707 m Explanatory factors TEXT TEXT CODE PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORS 9910 9910 9910 9910 9910 21 24 27 30 31 9910 CODE 33 .9910 9910 9910 9910 9910 36 39 42 45 48 TRAINING INITIAL TRAINING-ON THEJDB TRAINING GROUND -TRAINING FLIGHT TRAINING RECURRENT - 9910 9910 51 54 QUALIFICATION IN POSITION QUALIFICATION ON TYPE - 9900 00 9300 9900 9900 9900 9900 06 09 12 15 18 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 21 24 27 30 33 36 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 39 42 45 48 51 54 9900 9300 9900 9980 9900 57 60 63 66 69 VISUALILLUSIONS HYPOXlAlANOXlA HYPERVENTILATION PREVIOUS DIVING ACCELERATION 9900 99QO 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 72 75 78 81 84 87 90 EFFECT VIBRATION OF EFFECT GLARE OF . EFFECT HEAT OF EFFECT COLD OF EFFECT WINDBLAST OF EFFECT NOISE OF EFFECT TOXICFUMES OF 9900 9300 93 96 VISION OTHER . FATIGUE CHRONIC FATIGUE-TIME ZONE FATIGUE- WORKSCHEDULE FATIGUE OTHER CIRCADIAN RHYTHM DIET DRUGS ALCOHOL CARBON MONOXIDE HANGOVER HEAVYShlDKER -HEARTATTACK PRE-EXISTING MEDICAL CONDITION MOTION SICKNESS UNCONSCIOUSNESS I DECOMPRESSION SICKNESS DISORIENTATICIN/VERT~GO . .- RECENCY IN POSITION REGENCY-ON INSTRUMENTS RECENCY ON TYPE RECENCY ON AERODRDME/ROUTE RECENCY OTHER - SKILL . 03 06 09 12 15 9910 00 9910 9910 03 06 KNOWLEDGE COMPETENCE 9910 9910 9910 9910 09 12 15 18 COMMUNICATION PSYCHOLOGICAL CONDITION 06 09 12 15 ANXIETY APPREHENSION ATTENTION ATTENTiDN SPAN 21 24 27 30 INATTENTION BOREDOM DISTRACTION CO-ORDINATION/TIMING 9925 9925 9925 33 36 39 CONFIDENCE IN A/C CONFIDENCE IN EDUIPMENT CONFIDENCE-SELF 9925 9925 42 45 COMPLACENCY EMOTIONS 9925 9925 9925 48 51 54 MENTALCAPACITY MENTALPRESSURE EXTERNAL MENTALPRESSURE SELFINDUCED - 9925 9925 9925 9925 57 60 63 66 PANIC PERCEPTION TASKSATURATION REACTIONS --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 9305 9905 9905 9905 9905 00 9925 9925 9925 9925 SUPERVISORY FACTORS INTERPRETATION PHRASEOLOGY LANGUAGE BARRIER NDISEINTERFERENCE 9925 9925 9925 9925 00 03 06 09 12 9925 9905 00 9920 9920 9920 9920 b 9920 EXPERIENCE IN POSITION EXPERIENCE ON AIC TYPE EXPERIENCE TOTALA/C EXPERlENCt UlHtR - BRIEFING CREW CO-ORDINATION MONITORING SUPERVISION OTHER EXPERIENCE/TRAINING Dot 9156 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  • 53. ICAO =ll,Sb tt m 'i8414ltb ClCI17O'i'? 695 m Explanatory factors ORGANIZATIONS/PERSONS CODE CODE TEXT ORGANIZATIONS/INSTITUTIONS 100 101 102 103 104 109 OPERATOR GENERAL MANAGEMENT TRAINING STAFF OPERATIONAL STAFF MAINTENANCE STAFF OTHER 110 111 112 113 119 TRAINING ORGANIZATION GENERAL MANAGEMENT FLIGHTINSTRUCTION GROUND INSTRUCTION OTHER 120 121 122 123 129 GOVERNMENT (CIVILAVIATION ADMINISTRATION) GENERAL MANAGEMENT OPERATIONS STAFF AIRWORTHINESS STAFF OTHER 130 131 132 133 134 139 AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL GENERAL MANAGEMENT/SUPERVISORY CONTROLLERS TECHNICIANS COMMUNICATIONS STAFF OTHER 140 141 142 143 149 001 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 002 003 004 005 006 007 PILOT-:N-COMMAND CO.PILDT INSTRUCTOR/CHECK PILOT PILOTOF OTHER A/C DUALSTUDENT/PILOT UNDER CHECK FLIGHTENGINEER OTHER FLIGHTCREW 010 011 020 021 022 CABINCREW PASSENGER LOADER DRIVER VEHICLE OF GROUND INSTRUCTOR 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030 031 RAMP/LINE CREWMAN FLIGHTDPSOFFICER/DISPATCHER AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLER FLIGHTSERVICE OPERATOR METEOROLOGICAL BRIEFER TECHNICIAN A/C MAINTENANCE ENGINEER GOVERNMENT INSPECTOR OTHER EMERGENCY SERVICE ORGANIZATION GENERAL MANAGEMENT OPERATIONS STAFF FIRESERVICE STAFF AMBULANCESERVICE iao 9900 MANUFACTURER-GENERAL MANAGEMENT DESIGN STAFF PRODUCTION STAFF OTHER 170 171 172 173 I74 WEATHER SERVICE GENERAL MANAGEMENT MAINTENANCE STAFF OPERATIONAL STAFF OTHER 181 182 183 189 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9900 9905 9905 9905 9905 9905 9905 9910 9910 9910 9910 9910 9910 9910 L A6-2 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS CODE PERSONS MAINTENANCE/REPAIR - GENERAL SHOP MANAGEMENT OPERATIONS 160 161 162 163 169 . AIRPORT-GENERAL MANAGEMENT MAINTENANCE STAFF SECURITY STAFF OTHER 150 151 152 TEXT Not for Resale
  • 54. ICAO 915b ** m 484LYLb aa~7aw3 SBII m Explanatoryfactors SUBJECTS TEXT TEXT CODE 9935 00 9935 9935 9935 9935 9935 9935 03 06 09 12 15 18 CODE PSYCHO-SOCIAL FACTORS 9950 00 9950 9950 9950 9950 9950 03 06 09 12 15 ACTION AIRMANSHIP PLANNING PLANNING PREFLIGHT PLANNING IN FLIGHT - 9950 9950 9950 9950 9950 18 21 24 27 30 ACTIVITIES CERTIFICATION EQUIPMENT FACILITIES MANUALS 9950 9950 9950 33 36 39 MEDICAL CERTIFICATE LICENSE/RATING PUBLICATIONS ATTITUDE INDUSTRIAL ACTION INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIP SENIORITY MOTIVATION MORALE 9940 00 MANAGEMENT 9940 9940 9940 9940 9940 9940 01 03 06 09 12 15 APPROVAL BUDGETING COMPLIANCE CO-ORDINATION DECISIONS DIRECTIVES 9940 9940 9940 9940 9940 9940 18 21 24 27 30 33 INSTRUCTIONS FORECAST FUNDING INSPECTIONS LIAISON MONITORING 9940 9940 9940 9940 9940 9940 36 39 42 45 48 51 OBSERVATION ORDERS ORGANIZING PERSONNEL POLICIES PLANNING POLICY 9940 9940 9940 9940 9940 9940 54 57 60 63 69 72 PROCEDURES QUALITY CONTROL RECRUITMENT REGULATIONS REDUIREMENTS RESOURCE MANAGEMENT 9940 9940 9940 9940 9940 9940 75 78 81 84 87 90 SPECIFICATIONS STAFFING STANDARDS TRAINING SUPERVISION WORK ENVIRONMENT 9945 00 9945 9945 9945 9945 9945 03 06 09 12 15 DESIGN FACTORS INSTRUMENT/CONTROLS DESIGN INSTRUMENT/CONTROLS LOCATION WORKPLACE DESIGN STRUCTURES SYSTEMS Doe.9156 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale MISCELLANEOUS --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- i
  • 55. ICAO 7356 ** M 4843436 0019047 ‘ 414 m Explanatory factors MODIFIERS CODE TEXT 002 016 016 510 032 070 ABNORMAL ADVERSELY AFFECTED AFFECTED ADVERSELY ATTEMPT NOTMADE BAD CARELESS 512 514 894 896 898 NOTAUTHORIZED NOTAVAILABLE NOTAWARE NOTCLEAR NOTCO-ORDINATED 080 094 098 100 134 CHANNELIZED COMMITTED CONFLICTING CONFUSING DELAYED 350 384 540 548 570 NOTCOMPLETE(D) NOTEFFECTIVE NOT ENFORCED NOT EXISTING NOT IMPLEMENTED 148 154 158 176 178 DIFFICULT DISREGARDED DIVERTED ERRONEOUS EXCEEDED 926 590 592 596 604 NOTKNOWN NOTMADE NOTMAINTAINED NOTMET NOTOBTAINED 182 198 200 212 240 EXCESSIVE EXISTED EXPECTANCY FAILED FAULTY 606 608 610 626 396 NOTPERFORMED NOTRECEIVED NOT RECENT NOTSPECIFIED NOTSUFFICIENT 264 284 310 314 320 FORGOT HIGH IGNORED IMPROPER IMPROPER PROCEDURE 630 634 636 640 644 NOTSUPPLIED NOT UNDERSTOOD LANGUAGE BARRIER NOTUSED OBSOLETE OBTRUSIVE 326 INACCURATE 328 . INADEDUATE 336 INADVERTENT 346 INAPPROPIATE 350 INCOMPLETE 656 662 670 686 708 OUT-DATED OVERESTIMATED OVERLOOKED POOR PRESENT 352 368 382 384 366 INCORRECT INCORRECT PROCEDURE INDIRECT INEFFECTIVE INEFFICIENT 320 368 734 756 792 PROCEDURE IMPROPER PROCEDURE INCORRECT RESTRICTED SABOTAGED SLOW 394 396 410 420 634 INSilNCTlVE INSUFFICIENT INVALID LACKOF LANGUAGE BARRIER MISUNDERSTANDING 822 650 892 512 514 SPONTANEOUS SUBSTANDARD UNACCEPTABLE UNAUTHORIZED UNAVAILABLE 452 466 468 470 472 LOW MISINTERPRETED MISJUDGED MISLEADING MISMANAGED 894 896 898 912 922 UNAWARE UNCLEAR UNCO-ORDINATED UNDERESTIMATED UNFORESEEN 482 548 496 892 510 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- CODE TEXT MISUSED NONEXISTENT NONSTANDARD NOTACCEPTABLE NOTATTEMPTED 926 932 948 966 UNKNOWN UNSUITABLE VIOLATED WRONG A6-3 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  • 56. ICAO 9356 tt W 4841'4Lb APPENDIX TYPES OF AIRCRAFT OF MAIN INTERNATIONAL 13T W 7 INCIDENTS INTEREST CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- TO THE 0019050 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  • 57. ICAO 9156 ** m 4843436 OOL9051 076 - - Appendix 7 Types of aircraft incidents of main interest to the International Civil Aviation Organization e.g. aircraft system failures, weather phenomena, operation outside the approved flight envelope. The types of aircraft incidents describedbelow are of main interest to the International Civil Aviation Organization for its accident prevention studies. Take-off and landing incidents. Incidents such as undershooting, overrunning, running off the side of runways, wheels-uplanding. Enginefailure. Failures of more than one engineon the same aircraft and failures which are not confined to the engine, excluding compressor blade and turbine bucket failures. Flight crew incapacitation. Inability of any required flight crew member to perform prescribed flight duties as a result of reduced medical fitness. Fires. Fires which occur in flight including those engine fires which are not contained in the engine. Decompression.Decompressionresulting in emergency descent. Terrain and obstacle clearanceincidents. Occurrences which result in danger of collision or actual collision with terrain or obstacles. Near collisions and other air traffic incidents. Near collisions and other hazardous air traffic incidents including faulty proceduresor equipment failures. Flight control and stability problems. Occurrences which have causeddifficulties in controlling the aircraft, A7-I --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- ( ‘ . Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale ‘ .li ,,’
  • 58. --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- APPENDIX 8 EXAMPLES OF COMPLETED REPORT FORMS Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  • 59. APPENDIX 8. EXAMPLES OF COMPLETED REPORT FORMS Page i PRELIMINARY REPORT (Prellminary inlormationonly, pending completion o1 the Accident Investigation) Distributlon: State of Registry (or State of Occurrence) State of the Operator (as appropriate) State of Manufacture State@) having provided information ICAO COMPILING INSTRUCTIONS General This report will only be used for accidents. It will be submitted in one of the working languages of ICAO. All codes shall be entered In capitais as should the plain text entries. It i s highly desirable that all entries be typewritten. All entries are to be completed. If no other instruction is given, there may be only one entry for each Identifier. When the word "code" is found under an entry, the compiler is requested to refer to the appropriate appendix of the ADREP Manual to find the code to be entered. The plain text for lhe code is also then to be entered in the space provided. Entry of figures and letters For Å enter thus: Aa For Ä enter thus: AE For Ö or enter thus: OE For Ü enter thus: U€ For O gero) enter thus: For 1 (One) enter thus: 1 For 7 (Seven) enter thus: Z 9 special coding instructions are listed in Chapter 3 of the manual. For identifiers marked with. O0 - OCCURRENCE IDENTIFICATION FILING INFORMATION . State Reporting Code FEDE'R~L ZFPUBLIC O F ~ I & I R I ~ GERwWY J 0001 Plain text State File number O002 WHERE ~~ ~~ State/area of occurrence 0004 0 Code ~~~~~ Location 0005 N( ) Near ~ m m v ; F F ' D E I k æ~ P u R u r LGIEIRIFI [ B I R IEiHiEid~ I I I I Local spelling using Roman letters I I I i WHEN 0008 Year Month Day Form P (Rev. 9/87) A8-1 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS OF Plain text Not for Resale I I I I I I I I I I I I I I i I 1 i
  • 60. Page 2 AIRCRAFT Manufacturer PORfdJIER 1311161 0010. Code Code Operator's name LUA 0014 22a L A Q Code Plain text --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Model 0011. Plain text o. ?. 2 A T O R Name P I Type of Operation O101 2( 5( ) Cargo ) TrainingKheck 3( Y( ) PassengerKargo ) Other z( ) Passenger ) Ferry/Positioning ) Unknown s( ) Scheduled N( ) Non-scheduled Z( ) Unknown O( ) Domestic i( ) International z( ) Unknown i( 4( I - 0103 GENERAL AVIATION Type of Operation 0104 0 Instructional io( 1Y( ) Dual ) Olher Check il( iz( ) SOI0 )Unknown 2i( 24( ) ûusiness ) Off-shore operation 22( 2Y( GovernmentlState Other 31( 34( 37( ) Fire control ) ConstructionlSling load ) Oll-shore operation 3z( 35( 3Y( ) Aerial observalion ) Aerial ambulance 4i( 44( 421 ) Illegal (smuggling. etc.) ) Airshow/Race 42( 45( ) Ferry ) Demonstration Non-commercial 20( 23( 22( ) Pleasure ) Aerial work ) Unknown Commercial 3( 0 J Aerial applicatlon (Crop control) 33( 36í 3Z( ) Aerial advertising ) Logging ) Unknown )Other Miscellaneous 40( 43( 4Y( ) TestlExpenmental ) Search and Rescue ) Other )Unknown _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ~ ~ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ~ ~ _ ~ ~ Type of Operator 0105 I( 4( Z( ) Flying Club/School ) Private owner ) Unknown 2( 5( % ) Corporate&ecutive ) SaleslRentallSarvice A8-2 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 3( Y( ) Gov Agency ) Other Doc 9156 Not for Resale
  • 61. Page 3 ITINERARY Last Departure point 1 1 1 1 1 ~ 1 1 1 1 1 1 Name in local spelling using Roman letters 0106 or S( Planned Destination %) or S( 1 1 I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 ~ l 1 1 1 1 1 if same as 0005 I I I ~ I l ~ ~ ~ Name in local spelling using Roman letters 0107 ~ ~ l l I I l I l I l X ) if same as 0005 Duration of flight (time airborne) e hour O108 ~~ or Y( min ~ 02 ) If accident occurred on ground ~ - ~ ~~~~ - INJURIES TO PERSONS -Fatal Serious Minor None Unknown a hbiti & 0208 Crew @$ l Ll! 0206 Passengers @ & h W~ 0207 On ground 03/04 ~ Lf!uz?J - DAMAGE 0301 Damage to aircraft S( )( ) Substantial ) Destroyed D ( M( ~ 1 07 ~ ) Minor ~ ) None N( ~~ Z ( ) Unknown ~ - METEOROLOGICAL INFORMATION General weather in the area of occurrence 0705 i( >o Visual meteoroloqicalconditions 2( ) Instrument meteoroloaical conditions Z ( ) Unknown Light conditions 0706 i( 4( ) Dawn ) Night - moonlight 2( )o Daylight 3( 5( ) Night Z ( - dark ) Dusk/Twilight ) Unknown SEQUENCE OF EVENTS Doc 9156 A8-3 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale I I I I I
  • 62. Page 4 NARRATIVE This shall not exceed 200 words and will be presented in the following order: 1. Brief description of the occurrence including emergency circumstances and significant information; 2. Additional remarks, including precise information on items which have been coded “OTHER”; 3. Safety recommendations and corrective action taken or under consideration. Note.- Please print or type. During i n i t i a l climb t h e check p i l o t s i m u l a t e d a f a i l u r e of t h e l e f t engine and t h e a / c returned f o r a s i n g l e engine landing. On f i n a l app t h e r i g h t engine f a i l e d . The a / c landed hard, t h e s t u d e n t l o s t d i r e c t i o n a l c o n t r o l , t h e a / c s t r u c k t h e rwy l i g h t s and went off t h e m y . AS-4 Doc 9156 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  • 63. Page 1 ACCIDENTANCIDENT DATA REPORT O COMPILING INSTRUCTIONS General The ADREP Manual contains all the information needed to complete this form. The report will be submitted in one of the working languages of CAO. All codes shall be entered in capitals as should the plain language entries. It is highly desirable that all entries be typewritten. All entries are to be completed. If no other instruction is given, there may be only one entry for each identifier. When the word "code" is found under an entry. the compiler is requested to refer to the appropriate appendix of the ADREP Manual to flnd the code to-be entered. The plain text for the code i s also then t o be entered in the space provided. Entry of figures and letters For Å enter thus: Aa For Ä enter thus: AE For 8 or$ enter thus: OE For Ü enter thus: UE For O (Zero) enter thus: For 1 (One),enter thus: 1 For 7 (Seven) enter thus: Z For identifiers marked with o special codlng instructions are listed in Chapter 3 of the manual. - OCCURRENCE IDENTIFICATION O0 FILING INFORMATION State Reporting IGIEIRI6 O001 O Code State File number ~Ei'Xt4AiHiPiLiEi I GtcUmgw OF FFb -'jbEPußLir. Plain text I I 0002 OCCURRENCE CLASSIFICATION I O ~ ~ A( %)Accident I( I Incident ) 0003 WHERE State/area oí occurrence ~ G i ~ iFi i Z 0004 0 Code Location N( )Near Plain text L & R I ~ I ~ ~ MI I I I 0005 Latitude 0006 @ I Longitude 0007 &&li I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I Local soellino usino Roman letters I,@& Min Deg Oeg N( g) North, i-Lii Min E( >o East, S ( W( ) South ) West I WHEN Date of occurrence 0008 Local time of occurrence 0009 (24 h Clock) LBd&&l3 Year I& J Hour Month Day LLL& Min Form D --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- (Rev. 9/67) Doc 9156 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS AB-5 Not for Resale
  • 64. Page 2 00 - OCCURRENCE IDENTIFICATION - Continued AIRCRAFT ~~ Manufacturer i3i1iGi 3 w R d IER 0010 0 Code Plain text Model & 00110 778 Plain text Code Registration I 0012 ~ l - l s l A l ~ l P l & l I lI ~ Include hyphens as appropriate State of registry IGIEIRIFI CERrnr4rilY. FEatrRfk 00130 Code Operator's name u 0014 O Code ~~ 2 € P LIRLIC OF Plain text A. Name O1 ? 'i7ATûR . - HISTORY OF FLIGHT AIRLINE OPERATION (AIR TRANSPORT OPERATIONS) Type of Operation 0101 3( Y( ) PassengerKargo ) Other ) Non-scheduled z( ) Unknown I( ) International 2 ( ) Unknown il( ) Solo ) Unknown i2( ) Business ) Oll-shore operation 22( 2Y( Government/State Other ) Fire control ) CanslructionlSllng toad ) Olí-shore operation 32( Aerial observation Aerlal ambulance Other ) Illegal (smuggllng. etc.) ) AlrshowIRace 1 Unknown 42( 45( 4( 2 ( ) Passenger ) Ferry/Positioning ) Unknown S ( ) Scheduled N( o( ) Domestic i( 0102 0103 GENERAL AVIATION Type of Operation 0104 Instructional io( ) Dual )Other 1Y( iz( >o Check Non-commercial ) Pleasure ) Aerial work ) Unknown 20( 23( 22( 2i( 24( Commercial ) Aerial application (Crop control) ) Aerial advertising 1 Logging ) Unknown 30( 33( 35í 32( 31( 34( 37( 35( 3Y( Miscellaneous ) TestlExperimental ) Search and Rescue 40( 43( 4Yí Other 41( 44( 421 ) Ferry ) Demonslralion Type of Operator 0105 1 ( 4 ( Zi ) Flying Club/School ) Private owner 2( $ ) CorporateiExecutive 3 ( 5( ) Sales/Rental/Service Y( ) Gov. Agency ) Other i Unknown A8-6 Doc 9156 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  • 65. O1 - HISTORY OF FLIGHT - Continued Page 3 ITINERARY Last Departure point I ~ I J J I I ~ ~ Name in local spelling using Roman letters 0106 ~ ~ J I J J I ~ I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I or s( >o if same as 0005 Planned Destination I i i l I I I I I I I I J Name in local spelling using Roman letters O 07 1 I I I I II I I I I I I ' or S( k ) if same as 0005 4wJm Duration of tlight (time airborne) hours 0108 0 min or Y( ) If accident occurred on ground ATC INFORMATION Type of Flight Plan filed O109 li 4( ) IFR ) None 3( 2í )o VFR Y( ) Other Z ( ) Special VFR ) Unknown Type of Clearance (at time of first event) O110 IFR Take-off ) En-roulelAirways clearance 1( ) 4( )< ) 7( 2( 5( Y( ) Special IFR ) Landing ) Other 3( 6( 2( ) Flight service station (advisory) ) Other 3( Z( ) Special VFR ) Approach ) Unknown Controlling Agency (at time of first event) o111 i( $1 4( ) AIRCRAFT ATC (Positive control) None Y( Z ( ) Operator ) Unknown z( ) Unknown SPEED AND ALTITUDE Aircraft speed (at first event) or Illil#i ) not applicable N( o112 measured in: K( ) km/h M( ) Mach number N( K) l k Speed entered is: 0113 i( )o Indicated airspeed G( ) Ground speed N( 1@17id1didi N( or Aircraft altitude (at first event) ) Not applicable not applicable I measured in: F( A( ) Feet ) AGL M( M( z( ) Metres ) MSL --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- O 14 1 ) Unknown FOR FORCED/PRECAUTIONARY LANDING ENTER: Type of forced/Precautionary landing 0115 F( )o Forced landing P( ) Precautionary landing s( ) Simulated forced landing L( ) On land/Off aerodrome w( ) On water Location of forced/Precautionary landing 0116 A()( ) On landion aerodrome Doc 9156 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS . A8-7 Not for Resale I I
  • 66. Page 4 - HISTORY OF FLIGHT - Continued O1 FOR APPROACH/LANDING OCCURRENCES ENTER: I I Visual approach .. I( X ) Visual. straight in Oll7 Not applicable Unknown 2( Y( ) Traiiic panern ) Other 2( 5( 8( Z ( ) ADFIND8 ) TACAN ) ILS Complete ) MLS ) Unknown 21 ) Circling 3í ) Sidestep 2( ) Visual from IFR approach 4( ) CAT il ) CAT 111 8 3( 6( ) CAT Ili ) CAT i11 C 3( Z ( ~~ instrument approach O118 I ( r ) Not applicable ( ) VOR/DME i( ) RNAV A( ) ILS Backcourse Y( ) Other 4( - 1 VOR/NOR VORTAC ILS Localizer Precision Radar (PAR) - - E( Instrument landing procedure o119 1 Straight in I( Precision approach category O120 ) CAT i ) CAT 111 A ) Unknown I( 1 4( Z( 5( Automatic landing o121 ) Yes Y( 02 - INJURIES TO PERSONS Injury index (Highest degree of injury sustained) O201 F( ) Fatal S ( ) Serious MO() Minor N( z( ) None ) Unknown NUMBER OF PERSONS INVOLVED Faial Serious Minor None Unknown d LLi d I d 0203 Co-pilot i8i d d l IfJ 0204 Other Flight crew U U U U U 0205 Cabin Crew L u u u u L u 0206 Passengers u u - u - 0207 On ground L u L u u 0202 Pilot 03/04 - DAMAGE 0301 Damage 10 aircraft O( ) Destroyed C( x) Substantial M( ) Minor N( ) Ncne z( ) Unknown 0401 Other damage (Third party damage) Y( .X ) Yes N( ) No A8-8 Doc 9156 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  • 67. 05 - PERSONNEL INFORMATION Page 5 Person handling controls (at time of first event) 0501 i( 4( Y( ) Pilot-in-command ) Both pilots ) Other 2( 5( z( 3( )o Student pilot 6( ) NO pilot ) Co-pilot ) No one ) Unknown PILOT-IN-COMMAND Age I&% 0502 z( ) Unknown Years Sex F( 0503 Licence type ) Female V( Licence type i t )Maie - Aeroplane 0504 i( 4( M( z( X) Commeniai pilot ) Private pilot ) Airline transport pilot ) Other 5( Z ( 3( 6 ( ) Student pilot ) Unknown ) Senior commercial pilot ) None - Helicopter 0505 i( 4( Y( ) Private pilot ) Airline transport pilot ) Other Z ( ) Commercial pilot ) Student pilot ) Unknown z( ) Valid 2( ) Did not hold required rating Ni 1 No 2( 5( 3( 6( ) Senior commercial pilot x)None Licence/Medical validity 0506 io() Valid - no medical waivers ) Unknown Z ( - with medical waivers 3( ) Not valid 3( ) Rating not required z( ) Unknown Licence class/Type ratings 0507 io( ) Held required rating ) Unknown Z ( Instrument rating 0508 %IYes ~ ~~ Instructor rating 0509 y( %I Yes Z( ) Unknown Flying experience Last 24 hours & hours hours 0510 Ail types @@$ Total 0511 hours && I .? dl41 fizizi hours 0514 0513 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- This type Last 90 days hours 0515 Duty time last 24 hours hours 0516 ~ Rest period before duty 0517 & hours Doc 9156 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS A8-9 Not for Resale
  • 68. Page 6 05 - PERSONNEL INFORMATION - Continued Indicate to which crew member the following information pertains 0518 O 2( ~~ >( ) Dual student Z ( ) Co-pilot i( ) Unknown 3( ) Flight engineer ) Commercial pilot ) Sludent pilot ) Unknown 3( 6 ( ) Senior commercial pilot ) None 3( 6 ( Z ( ) Commercial pilot ) Student pilot ) Unknown 2( ) Valid 2( ) Did not hold required rating Y( ) Other ~ Sex 0520 F( d ) Female Licence type ) Male M( - Aeroplane 0521 i( 4( Y( Licence type Private pilot . ) Alrline transport pilot ) Other 2( 5( z( - Helicopter 0522 ) Private pilot ) Alrline transport pilot ) Other i( 4( Y( 2( 5( ) Senior commercial pilot x )None Licence/Medical validity 0523 i( Zf >o Valid - no medical waivers - with medical waivers 3( ) Not Valid 3( ) Rating not required Z ( ) Unknown Z ( ) Unknown i Unknown Licence ciass/Type ratings 0524 i( )( ) Held required rating Z ( ) Unknown Instrument ratirig 0525 Y( N O ( ) No ) Yes Instructor rating ~ 0526 Y( NO() ) Yes ~ NO Flying experience Last 24 hours Total & i i@li2i91hours &&fi 0528 0529 hours 0527 All types &-I & 0531 hours 0530 Duty time last 24 hours 0533 Rest period before duty 0534 & hours u hours 0532 hours ~~ ~ A8-IO Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS hours 8 42 11 hours 1I --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- This type Last 90 days ~ Doc 9156 Not for Resale
  • 69. ~~ 05 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ - PERSONNEL INFORMATION - Continued Page 7 OTHER PERSONNEL ~~ Person involved 0535 ) Other flight crew member ) Flight service operator ) MET personnel I( 4( 7( i( ? 5( v( z( ) Cabin crew member ) Air traffic controller ) Other 3( 6( ) Flight dispatcherl0perations officer %) Maintenance personnel .>o Unknown Sex 0537 M( ) Female F( Male 2( ) Not valid 3( ) Not applicablelNot required 2( ) Did not hold required ratings 3( ) Not applicablelRating not required Licence validity 0538 g) Valid i( ' Z( ) Unknown i( ) Held required ratings Ratings 0539 z( )o Unknown Experience in position & I & I Years Months 0540 ~~ 06 ~~ - AIRCRAFT GENERAL INFORMATION I Aircraft - Year of Aircraft I manufacture 0601 r8i6i - Serial number 0602 Aircraft - Total time 0603 BlhA 8 I&#i hours DOCUMENTATION Certificate of Airworthiness 0604 1( x)Valid Z( ) 2( ) Invalid Y( ) Other 2( ) Not current Y( )Other Unknown Maintenance Documents 0605 )<) Current i( ) Unknown --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Z( Doc 9156 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS A8-Il Not for Resale
  • 70. Page 8 06 - AIRCRAFT - Continued DESCRIPTION Type of Aircraft 0606 g) wing Fixed i( 4( Y( ) Helicopter ) Gyroplane ) Unknown 2( 5( Z( ) Dirigible ) Other 3( 6( ) Balloon ) Micro-light Turboprop ) Turbofan ) Unknown 3( 6( ) Turboshaft ) None Z( Amphibious Tricycle type retractable ) Unknown Type of Power 0607 i( 4( Y( ) Reciprocating ) Turbojet ì Other Type of Landing Gear 2( 5( >(J z( . 0608 i( 4( i( ) HulllFloat equipped ) Ski ) Skid 2( 5( v( ) Tailwheel ) Tricycle type fixed ) Other ~~ Aircraft approved for operation in known icing conditions 0609 )NO ) Yes 1( 4( - Light 2( ) Yes 2( ì No 2( 5( - Severe ) CAT II ) CAT 111B 3( x) Yes - Moderate Aircraft approved for precision approaches 0610 i( ) Yes Z(K) Unknown if yes: approved for 0611 i( 4( )CAT i ) CAT IIIA 3( 6( ) CAT 111 ) CAT IIIC FOX ENGINE FAILURES ENTER: Engine Manufacturer Code I Plain text Engine Model Failed Engine TSO (of the first engine that failed) &&& &? I hours A8-I2 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Doc 9156 Not for Resale --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- I
  • 71. ~~ 06 ~ ~~~ Page 9 - AIRCRAFT - Continued FOR PART/COMPONENT FAILURES/MALFUNCTIONS ENTER: I ~ ~_____ ~~ _______ ~ _ _ _ _ _ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ Part number 0620 L I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I ~~ I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I ~~ Part 4 Name 0621 I I I I I I I I I I I I I l I l I I I I I I I I l I I I I I l I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I Part number 0622 07 I - METEOROLOGICAL INFORMATION BRIEFING ANO FORECAST Weather briefing obtained 0701 1 i( )o Preflight 4( ) None ) In-flight ) Unknown 3( ) Pre- and in-flight Z( 2( ) Weather considerably better 3( ) Weather considerably worse 2( i No 3( )o Not applicable 2( Weather Forecast 0702 Substantially correct I( I Unknown Zl Pilot advised ot significant weather 0703 )Yes ) Unknown I( Z ( --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- GENERAL Phase of flight to which the following meteorological information pertains 0704 ) TakeoffiClImb ) Taxiistanding 1( 4( 2( ) En-roule 2( ) Inslrumenl meteorological condilions 3( % ) ApproachiLanding General weather 0705 i( >o Visual meteorologicalconditions Z ( ) Unknown Light conditions 0706 i( 4( ) Dawn ) Night - moonlight 2( 5( x)Daylight dark Night ) Doc 9156 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 3( Z( ) Ousk/lwilight ) Unknown A8-13 Not for Resale
  • 72. Page 1 0 07 - METEOROLOGICAL INFORMATION - Continued WIND Wind speed 0707 U mis or U kt u mis or U kt or L( ) Light and variable or C ( ) o Calm Wind gusting 0708 )Yes I( Maximum wind gust 0709 ~~~ ~ Wind speed measured at . 0710 I( s) Surface ) Altitude 2( VISIBILITY I Runway visual range 0711 L I I I U(%) Or I metres Unlimited Visibility I I I I I I measured in: or U ( ) ) Metres M( Z( Unrestricted ) Unknown ) Nautical miles N( Visibility restrictions (select as many as required): 0713 ) ) ) ) I( 4( 7 ( Z( None Light conditions Dust Unknown ) FogiMisl ) Smoke ) Ice fog 2( 5( 8 ( 3( 6( Y( ) Haze ) Cloud ) Other CLOUDS ~- ~ - ~ p Sky condition ~ ~ ~ - 0714 )o Clear (no cloud) i( 4( 2( ) Overcast 5( ) Scattered (li8 to 4 4 ) Sky obscured 3( z( ) Broken ( S i 8 to 718) ) Unknown Height of cloud base (ceiling) above ground level 0715 I I I I I I measured in: F( ) Feet ) Metres M( PRECIPITATION/OTHER WEATHER PHENOMENA Type (select as many as required): 0716 ) ) ) ) ) I( 4 ( 7( A( O( Rain 2( Ice pellets 5( Drizzle Tornado or waterspout Dust/Sandstorm a( E( v( ) ) ) ) ) Hail Freezing drizzle/Rain Rain shower Squall Other Snow Rain and snow Snow shower Thunderstorm Unknown z( ) ) ) ) ) 3( ) Moderate 3( 6( 9( c( Intensity of precipitation 0717 I( g) None 4( ) Heavy 2( z( ) Light ) Unknown TEMPERATURE A8-I4 Doc 9156 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  • 73. - METEOROLOGICAL INFORMATION - Continued 07 1 Page 11 ICING Icing intensity 0719 g) None Z( ) Light ) Unknown 21 i( ) In clear air 2( ) Severe 4( 3( ) Moderate TURBULENCE I I intensity i( 4( ) None ) Severe 2( Z( ) Light ) Unknown 3( ) Moderate ) Tali wind ) Ouartering tailwind 3( Z( %) Unknown 3( Z( ) Moderate ) Unknown FOR TAKE-OFF AND LANDING OCCURRENCES ENTER: Wind direction relative to aircraft track 0722 i( 4( 2( 5( ) Crosswind Crosswind component u 0723 measured in: K( ) km/h ) m/S M( N( --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- ' ) Head wind ) Ouartering headwind )IR Windshear/Micro burst 0724 % ) None I( 4( 2( 5( ) Strong 08 ) Light ) Severe - AIDS TO NAVIGATION If no en-route or landing aids are relevant to the occurrence, proceed to Section 09. EN-ROUTE AIDS 0801 Y( e 6( 9( Z( ) Other ) Omega ) TACAN ) Unknown Note,- Since the information requested on page 12 of the report form is not applicable to the occurrence used for this example, this page has not been reproduced. Doc 9156 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS A8-IS Not for Resale
  • 74. - AERODROME INFORMATION 10 Page 13 If the o c c u r r e n c e did not h a p p e n on an aerodrome, nor d u r i n g t a k e - o f f and landing, p r o c e e d to S e c t i o n 11. GENERAL Name of the Aerodrome 1001 ~BIRI€I~I€IN I I I I I I I Enter direct using local spelling in Roman lellers I i I I I I I I I i I I I I I I I I I I I I Location Indicator (See instrument approach or other chart) 1002 0 ) Does not have a location indicator I ~ l ~ I D orl Y( ~ Z( ~ ~~ ) Unknown ~ ~~ ~ Type of Aerodrome 1003 i( ) Land >( 2( ) Prepared landing area 4( Y( ) Water ) Olher 3( Z( ) Heliport ) Unknown Eievation of Aerodrome/Landing area above MSL dd!l 1004 M( )o Metres measured in: F( ) Feet FOR OCCURRENCES ON OR NEAR RUNWAYS ENTER: RUNWAY USED I Identifier 2.lL loo5. --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- ~ I Available length I I loo6. fi?id%metres I Available width 44 11 'Oo7 metres Length of overrun 1 O08 i4614 metres Slope 10. 09 1( 1 UP 2( 4( ) Updown 5( ) Down ) Down-up v )Prepared 2( 2( K ) Levei ) Unprepared 3( Z ( )Unknown 3( ) GravellOiri ) Snow z( ) Asphalt ) te ) Unknown 2( ) Fully grooved Y( J Olher 2( ) Medium ) Unknown 3( ) Poor 3( ) Not determined RUNWAY SURFACE Type 1010 I( Surface type 1011 I( o Cement/Concrete ) Grass ) Other 4( V( 5( 6( ~ ~ ~- Runway surface treatment 1012 J Partially grooved I( Z( %) Unknown Runway braking action 1013 1( 4( x)Good z( ) N i l Braking action determined by 1014 l( - - ) Measurement Z(- )Unknown - 2( $ ) Eclimate (includes piloi report) ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ A8-I6 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ Doc 9I56 Not for Resale
  • 75. Page 14 IO - AERODROME INFORMATION - Continued AERODROME LIGHTING I($1 1015 Runway edge. threshold and end lights 1016 Runway centre-line lights 1017 Runway touchdown zone lights .. I( i( Operating 2( ) Operating ) Operating z( 2( ) Not operating ) Not operating ) Not operaling Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available . 1018 Taxiway edge lights 1019 Taxiway centre-line lights 1020 Taxiway hold. pos. lights 2( 2( ) Not operating ) Not operating ) Not operating 1021 Stopway lighting 1022 Slop bars (lights) CATEGORY i( ) Operating i( ) Operating i( ) Operating i( i( ) Operating ) Operating z( z( ) Not operating ) Not operating z( OF RUNWAY USED 1023 i( 3( 5( 7( ) Non-instrument runway 2( % ) Precision approach runway, Cat unknown Z( 4( ) Precision approach runway, Category II ) Precision approach runway, Categoiy I I I E ) Unknown 6( 8( ) ) ) ) Non precision approach runway Precision approach runway, Category I Precision approach runway, Category 111 A Precision approach runway, Category 111 C FOR HELIPORTS/HELICOPTER LANDING AREAS ENTER: Type of Heliporî/Helipad 1024 i( 4( Y( ) Surface heliport ) Ship helipad ) Other Z ( ) Unknown Heliport surface type 1025 4( ) Concrete/Asphalt/Steel ) Ice Yi i Other Helicopter landing s' 6( a( ) Confined area iguration z( 0 ) Grass ) Water 3( ) Pinnacle Note.- Since the information requested on pages 15 and 16 of lhe report form i not applicable to the occurrence used f o r this example, these s pages have not been reproduced. Doc 9156 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS A8-I 7 Not for Resale --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- i(
  • 76. 12 Page 17 - WRECKAGE AND IMPACT INFORMATION If the w r e c k a g e was not l o c a t e d proceed to S e c t i o n 13. Location of the wreckage 1201 i ( >( ) On aerodromeíAlrslrip ) Off aerodrome. but within 10 km from the centre 2( 3( of the runway used ) 011 an aerodrome. beyond 10 km from the centre of the runway used If t h e w r e c k a g e was l o c a t e d beyond 10 km from t h e c e n t r e of the runway used, proceed to 1207. - Mark the approximate position of the wreckage on the diagram 1202 Note: Diagram not to scale Departure end Approach end EXAMPLE Co-ordinates of the point where the aircraft came to rest --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Distance from threshold 1203 Mmetres DIRECTION OF FLIGHT - BEARING (here 315O) (RELATIVE T O RUNWAY Bearing from threshold 1204 * & & degrees ? i POINT WHERE AIRCRAFT C A M E TO REST Aircraft left runway at 1205 ~ ~ i( ) Left side ~ I( %) Right side ~- ~ -3( -)End ~ Distance from threshold to the point where the aircraft left the runway 1206 metres Note.- Since the information requested on puges I8 to 22 of the report form is noi upplimble lo the occurrence used f o r this exuniple, ihese puges huve not been reproduced. A8-18 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Doc 9156 Not for Resale O
  • 77. 15 O - SURVIVAL ASPECTS - Continued Page 23 EVAC U AT1O N Number of persons who were evacuated or escaped from the aircraft 1521 & or Z( ) Unknown Evacuation/Escape time 1522 dL6.l min &sec Z( or ) Unknown Evacuation hampered by (select as many as required): 1523 ) Smoke ) Darkness ) Other 2( ) Fire ) Cabin debris %) Not hampered i( 4( 7( 5 ( Y( z( ) Injuries ) ShockIFear ) Unknown 3( ) Not used 3( 6 ( ~~ Evacuation chutes/Slides installed )Yes i( 2( >o No --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 1524 If no e v a c u a t i o n chuteslSlides w e r e installed, proceed to 1527. Evacuation chutes/Siides effectiveness 1525 i( Z ( ) Effective )Unknown ) Ineffective 2( Evacuation chutes/Slides: Reasons for not being effective (select as many as required): 1526 i( 4( 7( Y( ) None ) Ripped ) Aircrait attitude ) Other 9( ) Burnt ) Deflated ) Incorrect rigging 3( ) Not activated Upper body restraint 3( ) Upper body system availablelnot used Upper body restraint 3( ) Upper body system availablehot used z( ] Wind ) Not inflated ) Premature inflation ) Unknown 2( ] Not installed 2( 5 ( 8( 3( 6 ( EMERGENCY LIGHTING 1 I O installation I f t h e r e w e r e no e m e r a e n c v IiQhts i n s t a l l e d , Droceed to 1529. 1527 i( x]Installed Operation 1528 x)Functioned properly Unknown i( Z( ) Did not function properly 2( ) SEATS AND RESTRAINT SYSTEMS TYPE OF SYSTEMS INSTALLED Pilot restraint system 1529 i( ) Lap belt 2( e] Co-pilot restraint system 1530 1( Lap belt 2( $) Passenger restraint system 1531 i( ) Lap belt 2( ) Upper body restraint Number of restraint systems that failed 1532 d Number of seats that failed 0 Note.- Since lhe information requested on pages 24 and 25 of the repor1 form is not app!icable to lhe occurrence used f o r this example, these pages have not been reproduced. Doc 9156 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS A8-19 Not for Resale
  • 78. Page 26 17 - MIDAIR COLLISIONSINEAR COLLISIONS - Continued If the occurrence was a near collision enter closest distance between the aircraft involved Horizontal distance 1714 U metres Vertical distance or 18 Z( ) Unknown - SAFETY RECOMMENDATIONS Related to personnel (select as many as required): 1801 i( 4( ) None made y )Management 7( ) StudylReview 2( ) Compliance (with regulationslprocedures. etc.) 5( X ) Procedures 8 ( )o Training ) Medical 6 X ) Proficiency checking (Flight tests. etc.) ( i'( ) Other 3( Related to aircraft/equipment (select as many as required): 1802 i( 4( 7( ) None made ) Aircraft equipment ) Modification of aircraft 2( 5( 8 ( ) Airworthiness directive ) Ground equipment (starting units. etc.) ) StudylReview 3( ) Inspection 6 ><) Maintenance ( Y( ) Other Miscellaneous Recommendations (select as many as required): 1803 i( 4( 7( v( ) ) ) ) None made Information (Dissemination. etc.) Search and rescue Other 2( 5( 8 ( ) Airport (facilities. services, etc.) ) Met semices ) Security A8-20 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale 3( 6 ( 9( ) Air traffic services (including equipment) ) NavigationlLanding aids ) Study/Review Doc 9156
  • 79. Page 27 EVENT 1 i2idi&i Code Type 01 event: Phase of operation: 1 3 2 4 1 1 Code POWER LoSS Plain lext 7lh - FIRST €*id€ - SiUuUTED H)[LU&€ LI MA Plain text DESCRIPTIVE FACTOR No. 1 Subbct w Modifier PDhJ t5PLfwT Code : 13lt?121 Plain text S I M U l A TQb FhfL U R E Plain text Do~clhJ RELATED EXPLANATORY FACTORS: i@1&31 K C K E PILO7 Code c&CX-?IL07 : Plain text &di31 Subject Modifier ISILil(;&&i[ hC7fO.d : 1%64 : @.dGJL..tkK - P f LO7 'C : Code Wed6 Code Plain text 1 1 ?I SiAA6i 9 2151 3191 [?i 91 A i R f h M S H IP : L & LACK % d 5 r=ZF ' L í W F f b F A I CE : i?Il?l 3 Plain text OF dX'eeS5fVE DESCRIPTIVE FACTOR No. 2 Subject 2 @ 461 1 1 N C Modifier : Plain text 16iSizi PE2 FORrnEb Code REIrUkA Plain text u W RELATED EXPLANATORY FACTORS: OrganizallonlPerson u Code u u Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Plain text Modif¡er Subject : u : Code u Plain text : u : : u u Code : 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Not for Resale Plain text --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- OrganizationlPerson
  • 80. 1 EVENT 2 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Type of event: Page 29 i1i1iyi Code Phase of operation: Code Plain text I I DESCRIPTIVE FACTOR No. 1 RELATED EXPLANATORY FACTORS: Subject KNOU Modifier 1312181 ~ I N A ~ ~ - ~ < A T I ? . L€BGC Plain text Code Plain lex1 ~8154 5 u B S ~ h d b A R b W c t hlm t PAI D I RFCTI W E J i5414 : Mcrf EflFoRCEb DESCRIPTIVE FACTOR No. 2 Modifier : iSiC18i NOT ~ O L C O ~ ~ Plain text "2 11 N O T U&3@sTOO> u RELATED EXPLANATORY FACTORS: Subject c;Ror<*Jb'TRAlAllt4Jci; Modifier : ~31i8i INAbEO(tAT& . 13&& 3 ~ A b g Q u 7-g A Plain text TRAINI~JJQ Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale Code Plaln text
  • 81. b x Page 31 EVENT 3 izisi3i Code Type of event: H MD ¿-El/6C Of F / T O U C A b O W N @i31l I Phase of operation: Code LAlc)bidG Plain text Plain text DESCRIPTIVE FACTOR No. 1 Subject 1 1 a1 ll&dlq 8 l=LY?NG Code Modiller s?F& Plain text , ICiSiSJ M O T Plain text NOT 191 i 1 I 1 1 EXPFRf Erd C f I d 2 PILO7 Cade Plain text I~I&?I PILOT Code Modifier Od T Y P € : Plain text i31%181 1 ~ J w E Q u h T h Code 19191215id161 Anlxircrr : u u W Ai d ; T U I A P b RELATED EXPLANATORY FACTORS: Subject OrganizallonlPerson &&tl hOhllfOREb : Plain text 13~Aet ?ÆESFA~T : u DESCRIPTIVE FACTOR No. 2 Subject 1 1 2413 i 8% d Modilier &&U c o - o R b I h l A r i o d Code Plain text POOR Code Plain text u RELATED EXPLANATORY FACTORS: Organlzalion/Person 3 @d i Code m u Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS CMCK Plain text - PILOT CtWf@ - PILOT Subject : ; Code 19 % r1At I24 1 'LLLLLu Not for Resale A/ CREW Co-oKbl~.,ATIo : Plain text PR€ -l=LlbWT P LAAJh)lAlG LACK OF ui4iLi TAI s u FFtc I EAI 7 Code : Modifier u : Plain text u
  • 82. I Page 32 I I u Code ûrganization/Person I I u U ' u : I u Code Code Plain text l I1 1 1 Ill Plain text I I I I ~ DESCRIPTIVE FACTOR No. 4 'I : u text Code Plain j I; Il 1 :I 1'I l'I~ ï I 1 I I l Plain text / Modifiei Subject I OrganizalionlPerson Plain text l-LuJJA . 1; Code I I I I u Modifier . 1I Plain text RELATED EXPLANATORY FACTORS: Subject : 1 I : I I I Code I I I l I i I ! I I I RELATEO EXPLANATORY FACTORS: Subject 1 1 Plain text Plain text : : Il ! ; * l i 11 , Modifier ~l NO. 5 u u Modifier : u I Code Plain text u u RELATEO EXPLANATORY FACTORS: Subject Modifier : Code t : : tJoÌe.- Should the compiler wish to code more ;actors lor any event. additional sheets, such as photocopies oí the form, may be used. ! Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale Plain text u u
  • 83. Page 33 EVENT 4 11141 11 LoSS Code Type of event: Piain tex! OF DIR€~~/oAJAL COniTRoL @ i 20 L ¿LAd,bí . & Phase of operation: Code Plain text DESCRIPTIVE FACTOR Na. 1 Modlfier Subject RELATED EXPLANATORY FACTORS: Subject Organizatlon/Person u Code Modifier : Code Code Plain text u u Plain text : : Plain text u DESCRIPTIVE FACTOR Na. 2 Subject lgl8i I b I l1 DIR F C T i O N h L l i a Code Plain text Modifier cmm0L : i114181 D I F F I C ~ L T Code U Plaln text l u REIATED EXPLANATORY FACTORS: OrganizationlPerson u Code Subject Modlfiei : I o ) Plain text Code Plain text Code :Io) --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale Plain text
  • 84. 1 EVENT 5 , Type of event: &= Code Phase of operation: @l?lzi Code Page 35 COLLtSlOAJ Wl' Rrc AUoAY i Plain text LI G H T S LAdBfEjCi R O L L Plaln text DESCRIPTIVE FACTOR No. 1 Subject e Plain text Code e Plain text RELATED EXPLANATORY FACTORS: Subject OrganizationlPerson i u - -- / -: Plain text u : Code L_u Modifier u Code : _. ' U _. ' u L u Modifier : u lluu -- - Plain text u :/II( ~ Y Subject A-lL-LJ e Plain text _ R No. 2 Modifier 7 : u text Code Plain u u RELATED EXPLANATORY FACTORS: --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS _. -: Code u Not for Resale Plaln text Subject Modifier : Code u Plaln text : u _
  • 85. Page 37 O NARRATIVE This narrative shall not exceed 200 words. It should complement and, i f necessary, amend the Preliminary Report Narrative, so that the two narratives together provide a complete and accurate description of the occurrence. Thus, information given in the Preliminary Report Narrative should only be repeated for reasons of amendment or clarity. Present the information in the following order: 1 Brief description of the occurrence including emergency circumstances and significant information; . 2. Additional remarks, including precise information on items which have been coded “OTHER”; 3. Safety recommendations and corrective action taken or under consideration. Note.- Please print or rype. ~ O n c l i m b o u t , t h e check p i l o t s i m u l a t e d a n e n g i n e f a i l u r e . r e d u c i n g power t o i d l e , he s h u t down t h e l e f t e n g i n e . to return to the airport. ~~ I n s t e a d of o n l y The s t u d e n t d e c i d e d O n f i n a l app, t h e r i n h t e n n i n e f a i l e d . The c a u s e of t h e e n g i n e f a i l u r e w a s a f u e l pump s e i z u r e . been o v e r h a u l e d by an u n q u a l i f i e d mechanic. The pump had - The r e p a i r shop had been u s i n g u n s k i l l e d p e r s o n n e l i n s p i t e o f d i r e c t i v e s from t h e A v i a t i o n A d m i n i s t r a t i o n . The l e f t e n g i n e w a s n o t r e - s t a r t e d b e c a u s e t h e s t u d e n t d i d n o t know t h e O procedure. I t had n o t b e e n c o v e r e d i n ground t r a i n i n g . The check p i l o t d i d n o t v e r i f y , b e f o r e t h e f l i g h t , i f t h e s t u d e n t knew t h e proper procedure. Durinn t h e a t t e m o t e d re-start. t h e crew w a s d i s t r a c t e d --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- and t h e a i r s p e e d w a s n o t m o n i t o r e d . Note.- Page 38 of the report form contains additional space f o r the narrative and was not reproduced f o r this example. - END Doc 9156 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS AB-27 Not for Resale
  • 86. ICAO TECHNICAL PUBLICATIONS --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- The following summary gives the status, and also describes in general t e m the contents of the various series of technical publications issued by the International Civil Aviation Organization. It does not include specialized publications that d o not fall specifically within one of the series, such as the Aeronautical Chart Catalogue or the Meteorological Tables for International Air Navigation. International Standards and Recommended Practices are adopted by the Council in accordance with Articles 54, 37 and 90 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation and are designated, for convenience, as Annexes to the Convention. The uniform application by Contracting States of the specifications contained in the International Standards is recognized as necessary for the safety or regularity of international air navigation while the uniform application of the specifications in the Recommended Practices is regarded as desirable in the interest of safety, regularity or efficiency of international air navigation. Knowledge of any differences between the national regulations or practices of a State and those established by an Intemational Standard is essential to the safety or regularity of intemational air navigation. In the event of non-compliance with an International Standard, a State has, in fact, an obligation, under Article 38 of the Convention, to notify the Council of any differences. Knowledge of differences from Recommended Practices may also be important for the safety of air navigation and, although the Convention does not impose any obligation with regard thereto, the Council has invited Contracting States to notify such differences in addition to those relating to International Standards. Procedures for Air Navigation Services (PANS) are approved by the Council for worldwide application. They contain, for the most part, operating procedures regarded as not yet having attained a sufficient degree of Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS maturity for adoption as International Standards and Recommended Practices, as well as material of a more permanent character which is considered too detailed for incorporation in an Annex, or is susceptible to frequent amendment, for which the processes of the Convention would be too cumbersome. Regional Supplementary Procedures (SUPPS) have a status similar to that of PANS in that they are approved by the Council, but only for application in the respective regions. They are prepared in consolidated form, since certain of the procedures apply to overlapping regions or are common to two or more regions. Thefollowing publications are prepared by authority of the Secretary General in accordance with the principles and policies approved by the Council. Technical Manuais provide guidance and information in amplification of the International Standards, Recommended Practices and PANS, the implementation of which they are designed to facilitate. Air Navigation Plans detail requirements for facilities and services for international air navigation in the respective ICAO Air Navigation Regions. They are prepared on the authority of the Secretary General on the basis of recommendations of regional air navigation meetings and of the Council action thereon. The plans are amended periodically to reflect changes in requirements and in the status of implementation of the recommended facilities and services. ICAO Circulars make available specialized information of interest to Contracting States. This includes studies on technical subjects. Not for Resale
  • 87. --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 0 ICAO 1987 10187, EIPl/2200; 11191, E/P2/300; 1194. EIP31500; 9/99, EIP4i300; 1/01, EIP5/400 Order No. 9156 Printed in ICAO Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale