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Doc 8168 ops vol ii aircraft operations

  1. 1. DOC 8168-0PSl611 Volume II Amendment 12 25/11/04 AMENDMENT NO. 12 TO THE PROCEDURES AIR NAVIGATION SERVICES AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS VOLUME II CONSTRUCTION OF VISUAL AND INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURES FOURTH EDITION - 1993 INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- FOR
  2. 2. Checklist of Amendments to the PANS-OPS (Doc 8 168), Fourth Edition Date o applicability f Fourth Edition (incorporates Amendments 1 to 6) 11 November 1993 Amendment No. 7 (Approved by the Council on 13 March 1995) 9 November 1995 Amendment No. 8 (Approved by the Council on 4 March 1996) 7 November 1996 Amendment No. 9 (Approved by the Council on 12 March 1997) 6 November 1997 Amendment No. i0 (Approved by the Council on 1 May 1998) 5 November 1998 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Amendment No. 11 (Approved by the President of $e Council of ICAO on behalf of the Council on 29 June 2001) 1 November 2001 Amendment No. 12 (Approved by the President of the Council of ICAO on behalf of the Council on 27 April 2004) Replacement pages (iii) to (r, (niv), 1-1 to 1-5B, 2-2, 2-3,2-13, 2-14, i) 2-17, 2-17A, 2-21,2-23 to 2-23B72-25,2-30 to 2-32,2-41 to 2-43,3-2,3-4 to 3-6D, 3-15, 3-17, 3-17C to 3-17E, 3-18, 3-19, 3-21, 3-22, 3-24 to 3-27, 3-29, 3-33, 3-34,3-37B to 3-37D, 3-40,3-46,3-50,3-54,3-56 to 3-63,3-65 to 3-66,3-68 to 3-72,3-76 to 3-94,3-96,3-97,3-107, 3-108A73-108B, 3-1 10,3-115,3-116,3-121 to 3-125, 3-129 to 3-146,3-149,3-150, 3-152,3-154,3-157,3-160, 3-160A73-161, 3-164 to 3-221,5-(5), 5-1 to 5-10,6-1 to 6-9,6-12, III-A-1 to III-A-5,III-I-1, III-K-1, III-K-3, III-K-4, III-M- 1, III-M-2, III-M-6, III-M- 14 to III-M-2 1, III-N- 1, III-N-3, III-P-1 to III-P-5, and III-R-1. Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale 25 November 2004
  3. 3. Transmittal note Amendment No. 12 to the Procedures for Air Navigation Services AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS CONSTRUCTION OF VISUAL AND INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURES 1. Insert the following new and replacement pages in PANS-OPS, Volume II (Fourth Edition) to incorporate Amendment No. 12 which becomes applicable on 25 November 2004: Pages (iii) to (vi)B Pages (vii), (viii), (k)and (xiv) Pages 1-1 to 1-4B Pages 1-5 to 1-5B Pages 2-2 and 2-3 Pages 2-13,2-14,2-17 and 2-17A Pages 2-21 and 2-23 to 2-23B Page 2-25 Page 2-30 Pages 2-3 1 and 2-32 Pages 2 4 1 to 2 4 3 Pages 3-2 and 3-4 to 3-6D Page 3-15 Pages 3-17 and 3-17C to 3-17E Pages 3-18,3-19,3-21,3-22,3-24 to 3-27 Page 3-29 Pages 3-33,3-34 and 3-37B to 3-37D Pages 3-40,346,3-50,3-54, 3-56 to 3-61B Pages 3-62,3-63,3-65 to 3-65B Page 66 Pages 3-68 to 3-68D Pages 3-68E to 3-681 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS - - - - - - Table of Contents Foreword Part I, Chapter 1 Part I, Chapter 2 Part II, Chapter 2 Part II, Chapter 3 Part II, Chapter 5 Part II, Chapter 7 Part II, Chapter 8 Part II, Chapter 9 Part II, Chapter 11 Part III, Chapter 1 Part III, Chapter 2 Part III, Chapter 3 - Part III, Chapter 4 - Part III, Chapter 5 - Part III, Chapter 6 - Part III, Chapter 7 - Part III, Chapter 8 - Part III, Chapter 9 - Part III, Chapter 10 - Part III, Chapter 11 Not for Resale --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- VOLUME II
  4. 4. -2- w) x) y) Page3-685 Pages 3-69 to 3-72, 3-76 to 3-94 Pages 3-96 and 3-97 z) Pages 3-107,3-108A and 3-108B aa) Page 3-1 10 bb) Page 3-1 15 cc) Page 3-1 16 dd) Pages 3-121 to 3-125, 3-129 to 3-146 ee) Pages 3-149 and 3-150 ft) Pages 3-152 and 3-154 gg) Pages 3-157,3-160 and 3-160A hh) Pages 3-161,3-164 to 3-167B ii) Pages 3-168 to 3-176 jj) Pages 3-177 to 3-185 kk) Pages 3-186 and 187 11) Page 3-188 mm) Pages 3-189 to 3-195 nn) Page3-196 00) Pages 3-197 to 3-219 pp) Pages 3-220 and 3-221 99) Page549 rr) Pages 5-1 to 5-10 ss) Pages 6-1 to 6-8B tt) Pages 6-8C to 6-8H uu) Pages 6-81 and 6-85 w) Page6-9 ww) Page 6-12 xx) Pages III-A-1 to III-A-5 yy) Page 111-1-1 zz) Pages III-K-1, III-K-3 and III-K-4 aaa) Pages III-M-1, III-M-2, III-M-6, III-M- 14 to III-M2 1 bbb) Pages III-N-1 and III-N-3 ccc) Pages III-P-1 to III-P-5 ddd) Page III-R-1 eee) PANS-OPS OAS CD-ROM - Part III, Chapters 12 to 20 - Part III, Chapter 2 1 - Part III, Chapter 23 - P r III, Chapter 25 at - Part III, Chapter 26 - Part III, Chapter 27 - Part III, Chapter 28 - Part III, Chapter 30 - Part III, Chapter 30B - Part III, Chapter 3 1 - Part III, Appendix to Chapter 3 1 - Part III, Chapter 32 - Part III, Chapter 33 - Part III, Chapter 34 - Part III, Appendix A to Chapter 34 - Part III, Appendix B to Chapter 34 - Part III, Chapter 35 - Part III, Chapters 36 to 39 - Part III, Chapter 40 - Part III, Chapter 41 - PartV - Part V, Chapter 1 - Part VI, Chapter 1 - Part VI, Appendix A to Chapter 1 - Part VI, Appendix B to Chapter 1 - Part VI, Chapter 2 - Part VI, Chapter 3 - Attachment A to Part III - Attachment I to Part III - Attachment K to Part III - Attachment M to Part III Attachment N to Part III Attachment P to Part III Attachment R to Part III 2. Delete existing pages 111-1-1 to 111-1-155, which are replaced by the CD-ROM which is to be inserted at the back of this document. 3. Record the entry of this amendment on page (ii). --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  5. 5. DOC8 168-0PW61 1 Volume II 4th Edition Corrigendum No. 6 5/7/02 PROCEDURES FOR AIR NAVIGATION SERVICES AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS VOLUME II CONSTRUCTION OF VISUAL AND INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURES FOURTH EDITION - 1993 C O R R I G E N D U M No. 6 1. Replace pages 3 - 1 0 7 , 3 - 1 7 1 , 3 - 1 7 3 , 3 - 1 7 4 and 3-183 by the attached corresponding new pages. 2. Record the entry of this corrigendum on page (ii). --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  6. 6. , DOC 8168-0PS/611 Volume I1 Amendment 11 1/11/01 AMENDMENT 11 TO THE PROCEDURES FOR AIR NAVIGATION SERVICES AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS VOLUME I1 CONSTRUCTION OF VISUAL AND INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURES FOURTH EDITION - 1993 INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION COPYRIGHT Licensed by International Civil Aviation Organization --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Information Handling Services Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  7. 7. 1 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Checklist of Amendments to the PANS-OPS (Doc8 i 6 Q Fourth Edition ~- ~~ ~~ ~- Date of applicability Fourth Edition (incorporates Amendments 1 to 6) 11 November 1993 Amendment 7 to the Fourth Edition (approved by the Council on 13 March 1995) 9 November 1995 Amendment 8 to the Fourth Edition (approved by the Council on 4 March 1996) 7 November 1996 Amendment 9 to the Fourth Edition (approved by the Council on 12 March 1997) 6 November 1997 Amendment 10 to the Fourth Edition (approved by the Council on I May 1998) 5 November 1998 Amendment I 1 to the Fourth Edition (approved by the President of the Council on behalf o the Council on 29 June 2001) f New and replacement pages (5) (vi)B, (ix), (xiii), 1-1 to 1-5,2-(i),2-2 to 2-19.2-21 to to 2-24.2-31 to 2-40,3-(i), 3-2,3-4 to 3-6,3-15,3-17C to 3-19,3-22.3-24,3-26 to 3-31, 3-33 to 3-36,3-37B to 3-39,3-41 to 342,3-45 to 3-46,3-50,3-54 to 3-57,3-62 to 3-63, 3-66.3-69 10 3-73,3-76 to 3-77,3-79,3-82.3-8610 3-94B. 3-96,3-98.3-103 to 104, 3-106 to 3-107,3-109 to 3-110,3-116,3-118to 3-119,3-124,3-149,3-151 to 3-161, 3-163 to 165, 3-168 to 3-191,4-1 to4-2.4-4 to4-iE3, 5 4 ) . 6-1 to 6-2, 6-5 to 6-7, III-C-49. III-CJ 1 to 111-C-54, Ill-S-I to U-S-3,111-T-1 10 1 1 T 5 1 - - III-U-I, IV-B-1 , 1 November 2001 8 - COPYRIGHT Licensed by International Civil Aviation Organization Information Handling Services Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  8. 8. Transmittal note Amendment 11 to the Procedures for Air Navigation Services AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS VOLUME II CONSTRUCTION OF VISUAL AND INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURES 1. Insert the following new and replacement pages i n PANS-OPS, Volume I1 (Fourth Edition) to incorporate Amendment 11 which becomes applicable on 1 November 2001: Pages (iii) to (vi)B Pages (ix) and (xiii) Pages 1-1 to 1-4 Page 1-5 Page 2-(i) Pages 2-2 to 2-3 Pages 2-4 to 2- 17B Pages 2- 18 to 2- 19 Pages 2-2 1 to 2-23 Page 2-24 Pages 2-3 1 to 2-36 Pages 2-37 to 2-40 Page 3-(i) Page 3-2.3-4 to 3-6 Page 3-15 Pages 3- 17C to 3- 17F Pages 3-18 to 3-19,3-22,3-24,3-26 to 3-27 Pages 3-28 to 3-31 Pages 3-33 to 3-36.3-37B Pages 3-38 to 3-39, 3-41 to 3-42.3-45 to 3-46, 3-50. 3-54 to 3-57 Pages 3-62 to 3-63 Page 3-66 Pages 3-69 to 3-73,3-76 to 3-77, 3-79, 3-82, 3-86 to 3-94B k COPYRIGHT Licensed by International Civil Aviation Organization Information Handling Services Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Not for Resale Table of Contents Foreword Part I, Chapter 1 Part I, Chapter 2 Part 11, title page Part 11, Chapter 2 Part 11, Chapter 3 Part iI, Chapter 4 Part 11, Chapter 5 Part 11, Chapter 6 1 Part 1 ,Chapter 9 Part 11, Chapter 10 Part III, title page Part 111, Chapter 1 Part 111, Chapter 2 Part HI, Chapter 3 Part 111, Chapter 4 Part 111, Chapter 5 Part 111, Chapter 6 Part 1 1 Chapter 7 1, Part 111, Chapter 8 Part 111, Chapter 9 Part iII, Chapter 21
  9. 9. -2x) Y) z) aa) bb) cc) -dd) ee) fo gg) hh) ii) jj) kk) 11) mm) nn) 00) pp) qq) rr) Prüt H ,Chapter 23 I Part In, Chapter 24 Part 1 1 Chapter 25 1. P r Ill, Chapter 26 at Part 111, Chapter 28 Part 111, Chapter 29 Part 111, Chapter 30 Part UI, Chapter 30B Part 111, Chapter 31 Part 1 1 Chapter 32 1, Part 111, Chapter 33 Part IiI, Chapter 34 Part 111. Chapter 35 Part IV, Chapter 1 Pari V, title page Part VI, Chapter 1 Attachment C to Part i i I Attachment S to Part 1 1 1 Attachment T to P r LI1 at Attachment U to Part 1 1 1 Attachment B to Part IV Page3-96 Pages 3-98,3-103 to 3-104,3-106 Page 3-107 Pages 3-109 to 3-1 10 Page 3-116 Pages 3-118 to 3-119 Page 3-I24 Page 3-149 Pages 3- 151 to 3- 160F Pages 3-161.3-163 to 3-165 Pages 3-168 to 3-179 Pages 3-180 to 3-185 Pages 3-186 to 3-191 Pages 4- 1 to 4-2,4-4 to 4-7B Page 5-(i) Pages 6-1 to 6-2,6-5 to 6-7 Pages 111-C-49.IIi-C-51 to III-C-54 Pages 111-S-1 to 111-S-3 Pages I I T1 to IiI-T-5 I-Page 111-U-1 Page IV-B- I Delete existing Chapters 1 and 2 of Part V NI toto (pages 5-1 to 5-17). COPYRIGHT Licensed by --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Record the entry of this amendment on page (ii). International Civil Aviation Organization Information Handling Services Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  10. 10. DOC 8168-0PS/611 Volume 11 Amendment 10 5IlYgS AMENDMENT 10 TO THE PROCEDURES FOR AIR NAVIGATION SERVICES AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS VOLUME 11 CONSTRUCTION OF VISUAL AND INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURES --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- FOURTH EDITION 1993 - INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  11. 11. STD.ICA0 B l b B - O P S / b l L VOLUME II-ENGL 1773 4 8 4 l 4 L b O B 0 2 4 4 5 OLb i Checklist of Amendments to the PANS-OPS, Volume I,Fourth Edition (Doc 8168) I 9 November 1995 Amendment 8 (approved by the Council on March 1996) 4 7 November 1996 Amendment 9 (approved by the Council on 12 March 1997) 6 November 1997 Amendment 10 (approved by the Council on 1 May 1998) New and replacement pages (iii) to (vi), (xii), (xiii), 1-2 to 1-6,2-2 to 2-30,3-2. 3-17 to 3-17D, 3-22,3-33 to 3-37B, 3-69to 3-71,3-83,3-87 to 3-90,3-92 to 3-97, 3-107 to 3-150,3-153,3-15~,3-156,3-~61 3480,&8:to 4-13; 5-7,5-9,6-9 to G l l , ti, II-A-1 t II-A-4, III-C-53, IIIiK-1, III-K-3 to III-K-6, III-M-i to.'hI-Mi13,III-0-1, o III-P-1 to III-P-3, III-R-1 III-Q-1, and III-R-2 5 November 1998 . . . . . I' Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale . . . . --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Amendment 7 (approved by the Council on 13 March 1995)
  12. 12. Transmittal note Amendment 10 to the Procedures for Air Navigation Services AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS VOLUME I1- CONSTRUCTION OF VISUAL AND INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURES 1. Insert the followingnew and replacement pages in the PANS-OPS, Volume 1 (Fourth Edition) to incorporate 1 Amendment 10 which becomes applicable on November 1998: 5 Pages (iii) to (vi) Pages (xii) and (xiii) Pages 1-2 to 1-6 Pages 2-2 to 2-30 Page 3-2 Pages 3-17 to 3-17D Page 3-22 Pages 3-33 to 3-37B Pages 3-69 to 3-71,3-83, 3-87 to 3-90,3-92 to 3-97 Pages 3-107 to 3-150 Pages 3-153,3-155 and 3-156 Pages 3- 161 180 to 3Pages 4-8 to 4-13 Pages 5-7and 5-9 Pages 6-1 to 6-9 1 Pages 11-A-1 to 11-A-4 Page III-C-53 Pages 111-K-1,111-K-3 to 111-K-6 Pages 111-M-1 to 111-M-13 Page 111-0-1 Pages 111-P-1 to 111-P-3 Page 111-Q-1 Pages 111-R-1 and III-R-2 - - - - Table of Contents Foreword Part I, Chapters 1 , 2 and 3 Part 11, Chapter 1 to Chapter 8 Part 111, Chapter 1 Part 111, Chapter 3 Part III, Chapter 4 Part III, Chapter 6 - Part 111, Chapters 21 to 23 - Part 111, Chapters 25 to 30,30A and 30B - Part III, Chapter 3 1 - Part 111, Chapters 32 and 33 - Part IV, Chapters 2 and 3 - Part V, Chapter 2 - Part VI, Chapter2 - Attachment A to Part1 1 - Attachment C to Part III - Attachment K to Part 111 - - Attachment M to Part1 11 Attachment 0 to Part1 1 1 Attachment Pto Part 11 1 Attachment Q to Part1 11 Attachment R to PartIII 2. On page 111-A-1, deletetheheading"AttachmentstoPANS-OPS, Volume II". 3. Onpage 111-C-52,delete the line atthebottom of the page. 4. Recordtheentry of this amendment on page(ii). --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  13. 13. DOC 8168-0PS/611 Volume I1 Amendment 9 6/1U97 AMENDMENT 9 TO THE PROCEDURES FOR --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- AIR NAVIGATION SERVICES AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS VOLUME 11 CONSTRUCTION OF VISUAL AND INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURES FOURTH EDITION - 1993 INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  14. 14. c i Checklist of Amendments to the PANS-OPS, Volume 11, Fourth Edition (Doc 8168) Date of applicability Amendment 7 (approved by Council on 13 March 1995) 9 November 1995 Amendment 8 (approved by Council on 4 March 1996) 7 November 1996 Amendment 9 (approved by Council on 12 March 1997) Replacement pages (xii), 2-24, 2-26, 2-27 and 2-28 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 6 November 1997 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  15. 15. Transmittal note Amendment 9 to the Procedures for Air Navigation Services AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS VOLUME I1 CONSTRUCTION OF VISUAL AND INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURES 1. Insert the following new and replacement pages in the PANS-OPS, Volume incorporate Amendment 9 which becomes applicable on 6 November 1997: - b) 2. Page (xii) Foreword Pages 2-24, 2-26, 2-27, 2-28 - Part 11, Chapter 7 Record the entry of this amendment on page (ii). Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- a) I1 (Fourth Edition) to
  16. 16. DOC 8168-0PS/611 Volume I1 Amendment 8 7/11/96 AMENDMENT 8 TO THE PROCEDURES FOR AIR NAVIGATION SERVICES AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS VOLUME I1 CONSTRUCTION OF VISUAL AND INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURES FOURTH EDITION - 1993 INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  17. 17. I C A O BLb8-0PS/b11 V O L U M E Y I I ** 4841416 008145b 350 9 t Checklist of Amendments to the PANS-OPS, Volume11, Fourth Edition ( o 8168) Dc Date of applicabiliry 9 November 1995 Amendment 8 (approved by Council on 4 March 1996) Replacement pages (iii) to (vi), (xii), 1-1 to 1-4, 2-2, 2-20, 2-21, 2-24 to 2-27, 3-17, 3-17A. 3-17B, 3-22, 3-24 to 3-27, 3-29, 3-30. 3-49, 3-69, 3-77, 3-82, 3-86, 3-95, 3-96, 3-98, 3-111, 3-122 to 3-160, 4-5, 4-6, 4-8, 4-10, 4-11, 6-(i), 6-1 to 6-8, 111-A-2,111-B-2 to 111-B-5,111-(2-45,111-C-48 to 111-C-52, 111-M-1 and Iv-c-1 to Iv-c-3 1996 November 7 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Amendment 7 (approved by Council on 13 March 1995) Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  18. 18. Transmittal note Amendment 8 to the Procedures for Air Navigation Services AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS VOLUME 1 1 CONSTRUCTION OF VISUAL AND INSTRUMENT F G - T PROCEDURES UII 1. Insert following the new replacement in PANS-OPS, and pagesthe Volume incorporate Amendment 8 which becomes applicable on 7 November 1996: a)Pages - Table of Contents (iii) to (vi) - Foreword b) (xii) Page c) Pages 1-1 to 1-3 - d) Page 1-4 - Part I, Chapter 2 e) Page 2-2 - f) Pages 2-20 to 2-21 - Part 11, Chapter 5 g) Pages 2-24 to 2-27 - h)Pages 3-17,3-17A and 3-17B Part I, Chapter 1 Part 11, Chapter 2 Part 11, Chapter 7 - Part 111, Chapter 3 i) Pages 3-22 and 3-24 to 3-27 - j) Pages 3-29 and 3-30 - Part 111, Chapter 5 k) Page 3-49 1) Pages 3-69, 3-82 3-77, and 3-86 m) Pages 3-95 and 3-96 Part 111, Chapter 4 - Part 111, Chapter 7 - Part 111, Chapter 21 - Part 111, Chapter 22 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale II (Fourth Edition) to
  19. 19. -2- 3-98 - Part III, Cha2ter 24 0) Page 3-1 1 1 - Part 111, Chapter 26 p) Pages 3-122 to 3-146 - Part 111, Chapter 30 q) Pages 3-147 and 3-148 - Part 111, Chapter 30A r) Pages 3-149 and 3-150 - Part 111, Chapter 30B s) Pages 3-151 to 3-153 - Part 111, Chapter 31 t) Pages 3-154 to 3-160 - Part 111, Appendix to Chapter 31 u) Pages 4-5 and 4-6 - Part N, Chapter 1 v) Pages 4-8, 4-10 and 4-11 - Part IV,Chapter 2 n) Page - w) Page 6-(i) Divider page, Part VI x) Pages 6-1 to 6-8 - Part VI, Chapter 1 y) Page III-A-2 - z) PagesIII-B-2 to III-B-5 - Attachment B to Part I11 aa) Pages III-C-45, III-C-48 to III-C-52 - Attachment C to Part I11 bb) Pages N-C-1 to 1V-C-3 - Attachment to C 2.DeleteAttachment Record entry the P r IV at M to Part 1 1 in toto (pages III-M-1 to III-M-4) andinsertnewpageIII-M-1. 1 of this amendment on page (ii). --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 3. Attachment A to Part 111 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  20. 20. PROCEDURES FOR AIR NAVIGATION SERVICES --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- DOC 168-0PS/61 8 1 Volume I1 4th Edition Corrigendum No. 4 29/u96 AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS VOLUME I1 CONSTRUCTION OF VISUAL AND INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURES FOURTH EDITION - 1993 CORRIGENDUM NO. 5 1. Replace existing pages 3-125, 3-127 and 3-128 dated 11/11/93, by the attached new pages bearing the notation ‘‘Con: 5”. 2. Record the entry of this comgendum on page (ii) of the PANS-OPS, Volume 11. Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale .
  21. 21. DOC8 168-0PS/611 Volume IT 4 h Edition t Corrigendum No. 4 30/11/95 PROCEDURES FOR AIR NAVIGATION SERVICES AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS FOURTH EDITION - 1993 CORRIGENDUM NO. 4 1. Replace existing pages2-5 to 2-7,3-124, 3-126, 3-129 to 3-132 and 4-10, dated 11/11/93, by the attached new pages bearing the notation “Con. 4”. 2. Record the entry of this corrigendum on page (ii) of the PANS-OPS, Volume II. Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- VOLUME 11 CONSTRUCTION OF VISUAL AND INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURES
  22. 22. Doc 8168-0PS/611 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Volume I1 Amendment 7 9/11/95 AMENDMENT 7 TO THE PROCEDURES FOR AIR NAVIGATION SERVICES AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS VOLUME I1 CONSTRUCTION OF VISUAL AND INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURES FOURTH EDITION - 1993 INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  23. 23. ICAO 8Lb8*VOL*II M 484343b OOb583b 3bO m Checklist of Amendments t the PANS-OPS, o Volume 11, Fourth Edition (Doc 8168) Dare of applicability Amendment 7 (approved by Council on 13 March 1995) New and replacement pages (iv), (xii), 2-23 and 3-93 9 November 1995 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  24. 24. Transmittal note Amendment 7 to the Procedures for Air Navigation Services AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS VOLUME I1 CONSTRUCTION OF VISUAL AND INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURES 1. Insert the followingnewandreplacementpagesin the PANS-OPS,Volume I1 (Fourth Edition) to incorporate Amendment 7 which becomes applicable on 9 November 1995: a) Page (iv) b) Page (xii) - Foreword c) Page 2-23 - Part 11, Chapter 6 d) Page 3-93 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 2. - Table of Contents - Part 111, Chapter 21 Record the entry of this amendment on page (ii). Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  25. 25. --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- DOC 8168-OPS/611 Volume 11 4th Edition Corrigendum No. 3 3/8/95 PROCEDURES FOR AIR NAVIGATION SERVICES AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS VOLUME I I CONSTRUCTION OF VISUAL AND INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURES FOURTH EDITION - 1993 CORRIGENDUM NO. 3 1. On page 2-23, Note and page on 3-93, para. 21.6, Note, please amend by hand “Doc 9642” to read il “Doc 9643”. Please note that this document is in preparation; publicationwl be announced in a supplementto the Catalogue of ICAO publicaions and audio visual training aids. 2. Record theentry of this corrigendum on page (ii). Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  26. 26. DOC 8168-C)PS/611 Volume I1 4th Edition Corrigendum No. 2 22/3/94 PROCEDURES FOR AIR NAVIGATION SERVICES AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS VOLUME II CONSTRUCTION OF VISUAL AND INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURES - 1993 CORRIGENDUM NO. 2 1. Replace existing pages 349, 3-83 and III-M-4, dated 11/11/93, by the attached new pages bearing the notation “Con. 2”. 2. Record the entry of this corrigendum on page (ii) of the PANS-OPS, Volume 11. Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- FOURTH EDITION
  27. 27. r - ICAO 8Lb8*VOL*II ** 484141b 0033870 638 DX8168ops/611 Volume I1 4 h Edition t Corrigendum 29/12/93 PROCEDURES FOR AIR NAVIGATION SERVICES AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS VOLUME I I CONSTRUCTION OF VISUAL AND INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURES FOURTH EDITION - 1993 CORRIGENDUM 1. Replace existing pages III-C-18 and III-C49, dated 11/11/93, by the attached new pages bearing the notation “Con”. 2. Record the entry of this corrigendum on page (ii) of the PANS-OPS, Volume11. --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  28. 28. VOLUME II CONSTRUCTION OF VISUAL AND INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURES --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  29. 29. Published in separate English, French, Russian and Spanish editions b.y the International Civil Aviation Organization. All correspondence, except orders and subscriptions, should be uddressed t o the Secretary General. Orders for this publication should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance (by bank draft, cheque or money order) in U.S. dollars or thc currency of thc country in which the order is placed. Document SalesUnit International Civil Aviation Organization I O 0 0 Sherbrooke Street West, Suite 400 Montreal, Quebec Canada H3A 2R2 Tel.: ( 5 14) 285-82 19 Tclex: 05-245 I3 Fax: (5 14) 288-4772 Sitatex: YULCAYA Credit card orders (Visa or American Expressonly) are accepted a1 the above address. Egypt. ICAO Representative, Middle East Office, 9 Shagaret El Dorr Street, Zamalek I 121 I , Cairo. Frunce. Representant de I'OACI, Bureau Europe et Atlantique Nord, 3 his, villa Emile-Bergerat, 92522 Neuilly-sur-Seine (Cedex). Indio. Oxford Book and Stationery Co., Scindia House, New Delhi or 17 Park Street, Calcutta. Jupun. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, 15-1 2, I-chome, Toranomon, Minato-Ku, Tokyo. Ken.vu. ICAO Rcpresentative, Eastern and Southern AfricanOffice, United Nations Accommodation, P.O. Box 46294, Nairobi. Mexico. Rcprescntante de la OACI, OficinaNortcamtrica, CcntroamCrica y Caribe, Apartado postal 5-377, C.P. 06500, MCxico, D.F. Peru. Representantede la OACI, Oficina Sudamtrica, Apartado 4127, Lima 1 0 0 . Ser~egol. ReprCsentant de I'OACI, Bureau Afriqueoccidentale et centrale, B o k postale 2356. Dakar. S p i n . Pilot's, Suministros AeronLuticos, S.A., C/Ulises. 5-Oficina Nlim. 2,28043 Madrid. United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority, Printing and Publications Scrvices, Greville House. 37 Gratton Road, Cheltenham,Glos., GL50 2BN. The Catalogueof ICAO Publications and Audio Visual TrainingAids Issued annually, the Catalogue lists publications and audio visual all training aids currently available. Monthly supplements announce new publications and audio visual training aids, amendments, supplements, reprints, etc. Available free from the Document Sales Unit, ICAO Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Thuikmd. ICAO Representative, Asia and Pacific Office, P.O. Box 1 I , Samyaek Ladprao. Bangkok 10901.
  30. 30. ICAO B L b O V V O L X I I *X W 4841416 0029832 37T DOC 8168-0PS/611 Volume I1 FOR AIR NAVIGATION SERVICES AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS VOLUME I1 CONSTRUCTION OF VISUAL AND INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURES FOURTH EDITION - 1993 This edition incorporates all amendments approved by the Council prior to 4 March 1993 and supersedes, on 11 November 1993, all previous editions of PANS-OPS (Doc 8168), Volume I1 INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- PROCEDURES
  31. 31. I C A O 8Lb8*VOL*II 206 W q 8 4 1 4 L0 0 2 9 8 3 3 b S t AMENDMENTS The issue of amendments is announced regularly in the ICAO Journal and in the monthly Supplement to theCatulogue of ICAOPublicationsand AudioVisual Training Aids, which holders of this publication should consult. The space below is provided to keep a record of such amendments. RECORD OF AMENDMENTS AND CORRIGENDA Date entered r 1 AMENDMENTS Entered hY Date applicable Date CORRIGENDA Date No. entered issue of Incorporated in this edition --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- I 11/11/Y3 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS I (ii) Not for Resale by
  32. 32. Table o Contents f (iii) TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ............................. PART I. General ........................ 1-(i) Chapter 1. Definitions ...................... 1-1 Chapter 2 . Abbreviations ................... 1-5 Chapter 3. Units of measurement ............. 1-6 FOREWORD (Vi9 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- . PART II Procedure Construction and Obstacle Clearance Criteria for Departure Procedures ............................... 2-(i) Chapter 1. Introduction ..................... 2- 1 Chapter 2. General concepts ................. 2-2 Establishment of a departure procedure . . Beginning of the departure procedure .... Minimum obstacle clearance (MOC) . . . . Obstacle identification surfaces (OIS) . . . . End of the departure procedure ......... Average flight path .................. Charting accuracy ................... Charted altitudesklight levels .......... 2-2 2-2 2-2 2-2 2-3 2-3 2-3 2-3 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 Chapter 3. Departure routes ................. 6.I Instrument departures from parallel runways ........................... 6.2 Segregated operations on parallel runways ........................... Chapter 7. Area navigation (RNAV) departure procedures based on VORDME ............... 2-4 2-4 2-6 Chapter 4 . Omnidirectional departures......... 2-1 8 General ............................ Areas ............................. Obstacle identification surfaces. . . . . . . . . Obstacle clearance ................... Turn altitudeheight adjustments . . . . . . . . 2-18 2-18 2-18 2-18 2-19 Chapter 5 . Published information ........... 2-2 1 Chapter 6. Simultaneous operations on parallel or near-parallel instrument runways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24 2-24 2-25 2-25 2-25 2-25 2-25 Chapter 8. Area navigation (RNAV) departure procedures based on DMEDME ............... 2-30 8.1 General ........................... 8.2 Beginning of the departure procedure .... 8.3 Straight departures................... 8.4 Turning departures................... 2-30 2-30 2-30 2-30 Chapter 9. Departure procedures for RNP approved systems ........................... 9.1 9.2 9.3 RNP for departures in the terminal area . . Flight technical tolerance ............. Criteria for the construction of departure procedures based on RNP and associated protection areas ..................... Chapter 10. Area navigation (RNAV) departure procedures for basic GNSS ................... 2-31 2-31 2-31 2-31 2-37 10.1 General ........................... 10.2 Departure procedures for basic GNSS.... 2-37 2-37 Chapter 11. Area navigation (RNAV) departure procedures for SBAS GNSS .................. 2-41 11.1 General ........................... 11.2 Departure procedures for SBAS GNSS . . . 2-41 2-41 . PART III Procedure Construction and Obstacle Clearance Criteria for Instrument Approach Procedures ...................... Doc 8168. PANS.0PS. Volume II Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 2-24 G e n a l ........................... Beginning of the departure procedure .... Straight departures................... Turning departures................... 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 2-4 3.1 General............................ 3.2 Straight departures ................... 3.3 Turning departures................... 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Page 3-(1) 25/11/04 No. 12 Not for Resale
  33. 33. Procedures . Aircrafl Operations . Vohme II (iv) Page Page ............................... 3-1 GENERAL CRITERIA Chapter 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.1 1 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1. General ...................... Scope ............................. Procedure construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fix names .......................... Segment application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Areas ............................. Obstacle clearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedure altitudeheight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Track guidance ...................... Vertical guidance .................... Categories of aircraft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Example calculations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bearings. tracks and radials . . . . . . . . . . . . Navigation system use accuracy . . . . . . . . Increased altitudesheights for mountainous areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Charting accuracy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Turning radii ....................... Descent gradients .................... Presentation of significant obstacles and spot elevations on charts .............. Promulgation ....................... Chapter 2. Terminal area fixes 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 3-2 3-2 3-2 3-2 3-2 3-2 3-2 3-2 3-4 3-4 3-4 3-6 3-6 3-6 3-6 3-6A 3-6A 3-6A 3-6A 3-6A ............... 3-7 General ............................ Fixes formed by intersections . . . . . . . . . . Fixes for VOR or NDB with DME . . . . . . Radar fixes ......................... Intersection fix tolerance areas . . . . . . . . . Fix tolerance factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Satisfactory fixes and points for planning of flight procedures ............ Use of fixes for descent and related obstacle clearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7 3-7 3-7 3-7 3-7 3-7 Chapter 3. Arrival segment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10 3-13 3-17 3.1 Standard instrument amvals . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17 3.2 Omnidirectional or sector arrivals ....... 3-17c 3.3 Promulgation ....................... 3-17C Chapter 4 . Initial approach segment . . . . . . . . . . . 3-18 4.1 General ............................ 4.2 Altitude selection .................... 3-18 3-18 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Initiai approach segments (other than radar vectors) utilizing straight tracks and DME arcs ...................... 4.4 Initial approach segment using a racetrack procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.5 Initial approach segment using a reversal procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.6 Racetrack and reversal procedure areas ... 4.7 Maximum descenthominal outbound timing relationship for a reversal or racetrack proced Ure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.8 Obstacle clearance ................... 4.3 3-18 3-19 3-21 3-25 ' 3-27 3-27 Chapter 5. Intermediate approach segment . . . . . . 3-28 5.1 General ........................... 5.2 Altitudeheight selection .............. 5.3 Intermediate approach segment based . on a straight track alignment ........... 5.4 Area .............................. 5.5 Obstacle clearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.6 Procedure altitudeheight and descent gradient ..................... 5.7 Intermediate segment within a reversal or racetrack procedure ................ 3-28 3-28 3-29 Chapter 6. Final approach segment............ 3-33 6.1 General ........................... 6.2 Alignment ......................... 6.3 Descent gradient .................... 6.4 Obstacle clearance altitudeheight (OCAíH) .......................... 6.5 Promulgation ....................... 3-33 3-33 3-34 3-28 3-28 3-29 3-29 3-35 3-37c Chapter 7. Missed approach segment .......... 3-38 7.1 General ........................... 7.2 Straight missed approach .............. 7.3 Turning missed approach ............. 7.4 Promulgation ....................... 3-38 3-45 3-46 3-57 Chapter 8. Visual manoeuvring (circling) area . . . 3-62 General ........................... Alignment and area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Obstacle clearance ................... Visual manoeuvring (circling) area not considered for obstacle clearance . . . . . . . 8.5 Missed approach associated with the visual manoeuvre .................... 8.6 Promulgation ....................... 3-62 3-62 3-62 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 Not for Resale 3-62 3-65 3-65 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Introduction
  34. 34. Table of Contents fv) Page Page 3-66 General ............................ Obstacles in buffer area ............... Sector Orientation .................... Combining sectors for adjacent facilities ........................... Sectors centred on a VOEUDME or NDBAIME ......................... 3-66 3-66 3-66 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 Chapter 10. Tenninal amval altitude (TAA) 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 .... 3-66 3-66 3-68 General............................ 3-68 Construction ........................ 3-68 Buffer area ......................... 3-68 TAA step-down arcs and subsectors ..... 3-68 Promulgation ....................... 3-68A 1’ Chapter 11. ñNAV “ ” or “Y” bar procedure construction ............................... 11.1 General concept ..................... 11.2 Initial approach segment .............. 11.3 Intermediate approach segment ......... 11.4 Final approach segment ............... 11.5 Missed approach segment ............. 3-68E 3-68E 3-68E 3-68F 3-68F 3-68F Chapters 12 to 20. Reserved for future developments .............................. Introduction ........................ Initial approach segment .............. Intermediate approach segment ......... Precision segment ................... Missed approach after the precision segment ........................... 21.6 SimultaneousILS andor MLS approaches to parallel or near-parallel instrument runways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21.7 Promulgation ....................... 21.1 21.2 21.3 21.4 21.5 Chapter 22. ILS Cat I with offset localizer alignment ................................. 3-95 3-95 Chapter 23. Localizer only .................. 3-96 General ........................... Intermediate approach ................ Final approach segment ............... Promulgation ....................... 3-96 3-96 3-96 3-96 23.1 23.2 23.3 23.4 Chapter24 . Radar ......................... 3-69 3-69 3-71 3-71 3-72 3-88 3-92 3-92 3-95 3-98 24.1 Precision approach radar (PAR) ........ 3-98 24.2 Surveillanceradar ................... 3- 103 Chapter 25. VOR on aerodrome with no final approach fix (FAF) ......................... 25.1 25.2 25.3 25.4 25.5 25.6 25.7 26.1 26.2 26.3 26.4 26.5 26.6 26.7 3-107 General ........................... 3-107 Initial approach segment .............. 3-107 Intermediate segment................. 3-107 Final approach segment ............... 3-107 Descent gradient .................... 3-107 Use of stepdown fix .................. 3-108A Missed approach point (MAR) ......... 3-108A Chapter 26. VOR with final approach fix (FAF) .................................... SPECIFIC INSTRUMENT APPROACH PROCEDURES Chapter 21. ILS ............................ 22.1 Use of ILS Cat I with offset localizer alignment .......................... 22.2 Obstacle clearance criteria............. General ........................... Initial approach segment .............. Intermediate approach segment ......... Final approach segment ............... Profile descent with DME ............. Missed approach point (MAR) ......... Promulgation ....................... --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Chapter 9. Minimum sector altitudes (MSA) . . . . 3-109 3-109 3-109 3-109 3-109 3-1 10 3- 110 3-1 10 Chapter 27. On-aerodrome NDB. no final approach fix (FAF) ......................... 3-1 15 27.1 General ........................... 27.2 Area .............................. 27.3 Promulgation ....................... 3-115 3-115 3- 115 Chapter 28. NDB with final approach fix (FAF) .................................... 3-116 28.1 General ........................... 28.2 Area .............................. 28.3 Promulgation ....................... 3-116 3-116 3-1 16 25/11/04 . No 12 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  35. 35. Procedures -Aircraft Operations . Volume II (vi) Page Chapter 29. Direction finding (DF) facility 29.1 29.2 29.3 29.4 29.5 29.6 29.7 29.8 ..... 3-1 18 General ............................ Initial approach segment .............. intermediate segment ................. Final approach segment ............... Area .............................. Obstacle clearance ................... Descent gradient .................... Missed approach point (MAPt) ......... Chapter30 . MLS .......................... Introduction ........................ Initial approach segment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Intermediate approach segment . . . . . . . . . Precision segment ................... Missed approach after the precision segment ........................... 30.6 Promulgation ....................... 30.1 30.2 30.3 30.4 30.5 Chapter 30A . MLS Cat I with offset azimuth alignment ................................. 30A.l Use of MLS Cat I with offset azimuth alignment ......................... 30A.2 Obstacle clearance criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 30B. Azimuth only 3-118 3-1 18 3-1 19 3-1 19 3-119 3-1 19 3-1 19 3-1 19 3-121 3-121 3-123 3- 124 3-124 3-140 3-144 3-147 3-147 3-147 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-149 30B.1 General ........................... 30B.2 Intermediate approach ............... 30B.3 Final approach segment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30B.4 Promulgation ...................... --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Chapter 3 1. Area navigation (RNAV) approach procedures based on VOWDME ............... 31.1 General ............................ 3 1.2 VOWDME RNAV system use accuracy . . 3 1.3 Minimum sector altitudes Amval routes ...................... 3 1.4 Initial approach segment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.5 Intermediate approach segment . . . . . . . . . 3 1.6 Final approach segment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.7 Missed approach segment . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.8 Promulgation ....................... 3-149 3-149 3-149 3-149 Page Chapter 32. Area navigation (RNAV) approach procedures based on DMEíDME ............... 32.1 General ........................... 32.2 Airborne and ground equipment ........ 32.3 System accuracy for DME/DME RNAV procedures .................... 32.4 Viability check of the procedure ........ 32.5 Reversion mode checks ............... 32.6 Promulgation of the procedure ......... 32.7 Promulgation ....................... Chapter 33. Area navigation (RNAV) approach procedures for basic GNSS receivers . . . . . . . . . . . General ........................... Accuracy .......................... Amval routes ....................... Initial approach segment .............. Intermediate approach segment ......... Final approach segment ............... Missed approach segment ............. “Y” or “T” bar design concept for basic GNSS ..................... 33.9 Promulgation ....................... 33.1 33.2 33.3 33.4 33.5 33.6 33.7 33.8 Chapter 34. APVharomeiric vertical navigation (baro.VNAV) ..................... General ........................... Standard conditions .................. APVsegment ....................... Determination of OCH for approach and missed approach obstacles ......... 34.5 Promulgation ....................... 34.1 34.2 34.3 34.4 3-161 3-161 3-163 3-163 3-164 3-165 3-165 3-168 3-168 3-168 3-169 3-169 3-169 3-172 3-172 3-172 3-173 3-177 3-177 3-177 3-178 3-1 83 3-185 Appendix A to Chapter 34. Temperature correction ................................. 3-186 3-151 3-151 Appendix B to Chapter 34. Algorithm for calculating the height of surface defined by four points in space ......................... 3-1 88 3-152 3-153 3-153 3-153 3- 154 3-154 Chapter 35. Amvals and non-precision approach procedures for RNP approved systems ........................... 3-189 3-151 Appendix to Chapter 3 1. Calculation of cross-track and along-track tolerances ofway-points . . . . . . . . 3-155 35.1 Definitions ......................... 35.2 RNP for non-precision approach procedures ......................... 35.3 Flight technical tolerance . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25/11/04 No 12 . Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 3-161 Not for Resale 3-1 89 3-189 3-189
  36. 36. Table o Contents f (vi}A ~ Page Page 35.4 Criteria for the construction of arrivals and nonrprecision approaches based on RNP and associated protection areas . . . . . 35.5 Promulgation ....................... 3-189 3-190 Chapters 36 to 39. Reserved for future developments .............................. Chapter 40. GBAS ........................ Introduction ........................ Initiai approach segment .............. Intermediate approach segment ......... Precision segment ................... Missed approach after the precision segment (Final missed approach) ....... 40.6 Simultaneous ILS andor MLS precision approaches to parallel or near-parallel instrument runways .................. 40.7 Promulgation ....................... 40.1 40.2 40.3 40.4 40.5 3-197 3-197 3- 199 3-200 3-200 3-213 3-2 17 3-219 Chapter 41. GBAS CAT I with offset azimuth final approach track alignment................. 3-220 41.1 Use of GBAS CAT I with offset azimuth final approach track alignment . . 3-220 41.2 Obstacle clearance criteria ............. 3-220 . PART IV Procedure Construction and Obstacle Clearance Criteria for Holding Procedures ............................... Chapter 1. Conventional holding procedures .... i .1 Shape and terminology associated with holding pattern ...................... 1.2 Entry and holding procedures .......... 1.3 Construction of holding areas . . . . . . . . . . 1.4 Special conditions for planning VOR/DME holding procedures and construction of associated areas......... Chapter 2. Area navigation (RNAV) holding procedures based on VOWDME ............... 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Introduction ........................ Types of RNAV holding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Way-points......................... Entry procedures .................... Parameters ......................... Holding area construction method ....... 4-(i) 4- 1 4- 1 4- 1 4-4 4-6 4-8 4-8 4-8 4-8 4-10 4-10 4-10 Obstacle clearance ................... Publication ......................... 4-10 4-10 Chapter 3. RNP holding procedures ........... 4-12 2.7 2.8 3.1 Introduction ........................ 3.2 Diameter of turn ..................... 3.3 RNP “holding plus sector 4 entries” limits ............................. 3.4 Obstacle clearance ................... . PART V Procedure Construction and Obstacle Clearance Criteria for Instrument Flight Procedures for Helicopters Not for Resale 4-12 4-12 ............ 5-(1) Chapter i . Area Navigation (RNAV) Point in Space (Pins) approach procedures for helicopters using basic GNSS receivers....... 5-1 General ........................... GNSS RNAV system accuracy ......... Amval routes ....................... Terminal criteria .................... Initiai approach segment .............. Intermediate approach segment ......... Final approach segment ............... Missed approach segment ............. Promulgation ....................... 5-1 5-1 5-1 5-1 5-3 5-5 5-5 5-7 5-7 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 . PART VI Obstacle Clearance Criteria for En-route .............................. 6-(1) Chapter 1. VOR and NDB routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1 General ........................... Obstacle clearance areas .............. Obstacle clearance ................... Construction of areas for VOR and NDBroutes ........................ 1.5 Minimum altitudes for signal reception . . 1.6 Promulgation ....................... 6-1 6-1 6-1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Appendix A to Chapter 1. VOR and NDB Refined method for the construction routes . of obstacle clearance areas.................... Appendix B to Chapter i . Statistical calculations for primary and secondary areas and their angles ofsplay................................... --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 4-12 4-12 6-5 6-8A 6-8A 6-8C 6-81
  37. 37. Procedures -Aircrafi ODerations - Volume II ívi)B Page Page ..................... 6-9 .......................... 6-9 Attachment K to Part III. Reduction of the width of a straight initial approach area after the IAF and interface between straight initial approach area and reversal procedure areas. ...... III-K-1 2.1 General.. Chapter 3. RNAV routes. 3.1 3.2 ................... General. ........................... Criteria ............................ 6-12 6-12 6-12 ATTACHMENTS III-L- 1 Attachment M to Part III. Minimum length of a segment limited by two turning way-points ...... III-M-1 Attachment A to Part II. Guidance material on the establishment of the average flight path of a departure procedure ......................... II-A-1 Attachment A to Part III. Background information on ILS obstacle clearance and on airborne and ground equipment performance values associated with categories I and II obstacle assessment surfaces used in the mathematical model. . . . . . . . . III-A-1 Attachment B to Part III. Examples of OAS calculations. ............................... III-B-I Attachment C to Part III. Construction of obstacle clearance areas for reversal procedures. .. III-C-I Attachment D to Part III. Initial approach using dead reckoning (DR) track procedure Attachment L to Part III. Calculation of MAPt tolerance and MAPt to SOC distance for a missed approach point defined by a distance from the FAF .............................. ...... III-D-1 Attachment N to Part III. Visual manoeuvring III-N-I using prescribed track ....................... Attachment O to Part III. Approval documentation for flight management systems. ... 111-0-1 Attachment P to Part III. Derivation and calculation of ATT, XTT and area semi-width . . . . III-P-1 Attachment Q to Part III. Basic GNSS receiver specifications ....................... III-Q-1 Attachment R to Part III. Steep glide path angle approaches ........................... III-R-1 Attachment S to Part III. Independent parallel approaches to closely spaced parallel runways .... III-S-I III-E-I Attachment T to Part III. Determining ILS glide path descent/MLS elevation heights and distances .............................. III-T-1 Attachment F to Part III. Conversion table for IAS to TAS calculations. .................. III-F-1 Attachment U to Part III. RNAV database path terminator concept ...................... III-U-I Attachment G to Part III. Conversion table Percentage gradient to slope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-G-1 Attachment A to Part IV. Parameters for holding area consîruction. ..................... IV-A-1 Attachment H to Part III. Conversion tables Metres and feet. ............................ Attachment B to Part IV. Determination of additional obstacle clearance requirements for minimum holding levels in areas of high terrain or in mountainous areas. ..................... IV-B-I Attachment E to Part III. Turn radii and rates and wind spiral. ............................ III-H-1 Attachment I to Part III. Calculation of obstacle assessment surface height . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111-1-1 Attachment J to Part III. Turning missed approach after precision approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-J-1 Attachment C to Part IV. Example of alternative area navigation (RNAV) holding entries for reduced holding entry areas . . . . . . . . . . IV-C-1 25/11/04 No. 12 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Chapter 2. RNP routes
  38. 38. Forewo rd (vii) FOREWORD 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 The Procedures for Air Navigation Services Aircrufi Operations (PANS-OPS) consists of two volumes as follows: 1.5 The design of procedures in accordance with PANS-OPS criteria assumes normal operations. It is the responsibility of the operator to provide contingency procedures for abnormal and emergency operations. Volume I -Flight Procedures Volume II - Construction of Visual and Instrument Flight Procedures --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- The division of the PANS-OPS into the two volumes was accomplished in 1979 as a result of an extensive amendment to the obstacle clearance criteria and the construction of approach-to-land procedures (Amendments 13 and 14). Prior to 1979, all PANS-OPS material was contained in a single document. Table A shows the origin of amendments together with a list of the principal subjects involved and the dates on which the PANS-OPS and the amendments were approved by the Council and when they became applicable. 1.2 Volume I - Flight Procedures describes operational procedures recommended for the guidance of flight operations personnel. It also outlines the various parameters on which the criteria in Volume II are based so as to illustrate the need for operational personnel including flight crew to adhere strictly to the published procedures in order to achieve and maintain an acceptable level of safety in operations. 1.3 Volume II - Construction of Visual und Instrument Flight Procedures is intended for the guidance of procedures specialists and describes the essential areas and obstacle clearance requirements for the achievement of safe, regular instrument flight operations. It provides the basic guidelines to States, and those operators and organizations producing instrument flight charts that will result in uniform practices at all aerodromes where instrument flight procedures are carried out. 1.4 Both volumes present coverage of operational practices that are beyond the scope of Standards and Recommended Practices but with respect to which a measure of international uniformity is desirable. 2. COMMENTARY ON THE MATERIAL CONTAINED IN VOLUME II 2.1 Part I - General This part contains a description of the terminology to assist in the interpretation of terms which are used in the procedures and have a particular technical meaning. In some cases, the terms are defined in other ICA0 documents. A list of abbreviations is also provided. 2.2 Part II - Procedure Construction and Obstacle Clearance Criteria for Departure Procedures The specifications concerning instrument departure procedures were first developed by the Obstacle Clearance Panel (OCP) in 1983. The material contained in Volume II was prepared for the use of the procedure design specialists and corresponding material for the use of flight operations personnel including flight crews is contained in Volume I. In 1990 as a result of the work of an air navigation study group, new material was included concerning specifications, procedures and guidance material relating to the simultaneous operations on parallel or near-parallel runways, including the minimum distances between the runways. Area navigation (RNAV) departure procedures based on VOFUDME were included in 1993 arising from the Ninth Meeting of the Obstacle Clearance Panel. 25/11/04 Doc 8168, PANS-OPS, Volume II Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  39. 39. Procedures - Aircraft Operations - Volume Il (viii) 2.3 Part III - Procedure Construction and Obstacle Clearance Criteria for Instrument Approach Procedures --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 2.3.1 These procedures were first developed by the Operations Division in 1949 and issued in 1951 and have since been amended a number of times. In 1966, the Obstacle Clearance Panel (OCP) was created to update these procedures for application to all types of aeroplanes taking into account requirements for subsonic multi-jet aeroplanes and technical developments with respect to standard radio navigation aids. As a result of this work, instrument approach procedures criteria were completely revised: The new criteria were incorporated in 1979 in the First Edition of Volume II of PANS-OPS (Amendment 13). 2.3.2 The new obstacle clearance criteria correlate the various procedures in use, for both non-precision and precision instrument approaches. However, in the case of the (ILS) precision approach, the new criteria are more precise than those formerly used and are based on a scientifically validated method. This has been achieved by means of a collection of data on aircraft ILS precision approach performance measured during actual instrument meteorological conditions; the development of a mathematical model reflecting the total ILS system performance and the matching of that model against the data collected under a) above; values are included which, in turn, involve progressive increases in the degree of sophistication in the treatment and accountability of obstacles. The first two methods employ the use of surfaces and the third uses a collision risk model (CRM)* to derive OCA/H. The CRM is designed for use where an evaluation of the specific risk within the obstacle environment is needed to obtain the lowest obstacle clearance values compatible with the required level of safety. A computer programme has been developed for the CRM and is available for use through ICAO. 2.3.4 The obstacle clearance criteria for nonprecision approaches, as amended by Amendment 13, have not been developed to the same degree of sophistication as the precision approach obstacle clearance criteria because the level of safety generally associated with the higher operating minima of non-precision approach procedures is already considered to be acceptable. The procedures, therefore, continue to be based upon available experience and the judgements of experts. They, however, were amended to provide a high degree of flexibility designed to assist the procedures specialist in obtaining the maximum operational advantage compatible with safety. 2.3.5 Based mainly on the experience gained by some States during trial application of the new criteria and as a result of the ICAO PANS-OPS workshop series held from 1980-1984, the criteria were amended twice (Amendments 1 and 4). The changes fall into three general categories as follows: editorial amendments to ease the understanding of the criteria the use of the model to extrapolate ILS precision approach performance in order to establish obstacle assessment surfaces; the development of a model of the missed approach manoeuvre based on aircraft dynamics and matched against observed data, and the use of this model to extrapolate suitable margins for use in conjunction with the approach surfaces described in c); and the combination of the E S approach and the missed approach mathematical models into an integrated model covering the whole ILS procedure and able to provide an assessment of the risk of collision with obstacles in stated conditions. A new concept of obstacle clearance for E S has been incorporated in the new criteria in that the previously used obstacle clearance limit (OCL) concept has been replaced by the new obstacle clearance altitude/height (OCA/H) concept. Three methods of deriving OCA/H simplification of calculations which have proved, in practice, to contain a high error potential removal of discrepancies which could have made the document difficult to apply and operationally penalizing. Amendment 1 also aligned the presentation of units with Annex 5, Fourth Edition. 2.3.6 Area navigation (RNAV) criteria for instrument approach procedures based on VOFUDME were included in 1993 arising from the Ninth Meeting of the Obstacle Clearance Panel. * For description and use of the CRM, see ICAO Doc 9274, Manual 011 the Use of the Collision Risk Model (CRM)f o r ILS Operations. 2511 1/04 No. 12 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  40. 40. Foreword (ix) --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 2.4 Part IV - Holding Procedures Holding procedures were first developed by the Operations Division in 1949 and issued in 1951. A major revision of these procedures was accomplished in 1965 as a result of the work of the Holding Procedures Panel (HOP). The material developed by the HOP was subsequently divided in 1979 and that part of the material concerning holding procedures was incorporated in PANS-OPS, Volume I and the material covering the construction of holding procedures incorporated in Volume II. In 1982 as a result of the work of the Obstacle Clearance Panel (OCP) new material and changes to the old material were introduced concerning VOIUDME holding, use of holding procedures by helicopters, buffer areas and entry procedures. In 1986, changes were introduced concerning the VOR TOFROM indication error zone, the minimum usable DME distance and holding speeds, particularly above 4 250 m (14 o00 ft). Area navigation (RNAV) criteria for holding procedures were included in 1993 arising from the ninth meeting of the Obstacle Clearance Panel. 3. STATUS Procedures for Air Navigation Services (PANS) do not have the same status as Standards and Recommended Practices. While the latter are adopted by Council in pursuance of Article 37 of the Convention and are subject to the full procedure of Article 90, PANS are approved by Council and are recommended to Contracting States for world-wide application. 4. IMPLEMENTATION The implementation of procedures is the responsibility of Contracting States; they are applied in actual operations only after, and in so far as States have enforced them. However, with a view to facilitating their processing towards implementation by States, they have been prepared in a language which will permit direct use by operations personnel. While uniform application of the basic procedures in this document is very desirable, latitude is permitted for the development of detailed procedures which may be needed to satisfy local conditions. 5. PUBLICATION OF DIFFERENCES The PANS do not carry the status afforded to Standards adopted by the Council as Annexes to the Convention and, therefore, do not come within the obligation imposed by Article 38 of the Convention to notify differences in the event of non-implementation. However, attention of States is drawn to the provisions of Annex 15 related to the publication in their aeronautical information publications of lists of significant differences between their procedures and the related ICA0 procedures. 6. PROMULGATION OF INFORMATION The establishment and withdrawal of and changes to facilities, services and procedures affecting aircraft operations provided in accordance with the procedures specified in this document should be notified and take effect in accordance with the provisions of Annex 15. 7. UNITS OF MEASUREMENT Units of measurement are given in accordance with the provisions contained in Annex 5. In those cases where the use of an alternative non-SI unit is permitted, the non-SI unit is shown in brackets immediately following the primary SI unit. In all cases the value of the non-SI unit is considered to be operationally. equivalent to the primary SI unit in the context in which it is applied. Unless otherwise indicated, the allowable tolerance (accuracy) is indicated by the number of significant figures given and, in this regard, it is to be understood in this document that all zero digits, either to the right or left of the decimal marker, are significant figures. 25/11/04 No. 12 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  41. 41. I C A O BLbB*VOL*II *X m 4 8 4 1 4 1 b 0029840 446 -7 m Procedures -Aircraft Onerations - Volume I1 (X 1 Table A. Amendments to the PANS-OPS Amendment Source(s) Subject(s) Approved Applicable Council Action Previous operations procedures brought together into June I96 I 26 1 October I96 1 a single document. Internal ICAO action to resolve inconsistencies Alignment of the definitionof “Final approach” and provisions relating to intermediate final approach and procedures. 27 June 1962 1 July 1962 AIS/MAP Divisional Meeting ( I 959) Minimum sector altitudes. 14 December 1962 1 November 1963 Second Meeting of Holding Procedures Panel( 1964) Updating of holding procedures. 5 April 1965 5 May 1966 Meteorology and Operational Divisional Meeting ( 1964) Addition of meteorological information flight for operations. 7 June 1965 (advisory material) Fourth Air Navigation Conference (1965)and Amendment 8 to Annex 2 ILS Category 1 procedures, radar approach procedures, introduction ILS Category I1 of procedures, altimeter setting procedures. 12 December 1966 24 August I967 6 Fifth Air Navigation Conference (1 967), First Meeting of Obstacle Clearance Panel ( I 968)and Air Navigation Commission 23 January 1969 QNH altimeter setting procedures take-off and for landing, new advisory material relating to instrument 18 September I969 approach procedures for offset facilities and editorial changes. 7 Sixth Air Navigation Conference ( 1969) Operating procedures for the use secondary of surveillance radar(SSR) transponders. I5 May 1970 4 February 197 1 Second Meeting of the Obstacle ClearancePanel ( 1970) New profile diagramsand editorial changes. 19 March 1971 6 January 1972 9 Third Meeting of the Obstacle Clearance Panel (1971) Editorial changes relating special procedures, areas 15 November 1972 to and obstacle clearances -Precision Aids I L S with 16 August 1973 glide path inoperative. IO Council action in pursuance of Assembly Resolutions A17-10andAl8-10 Practices ro be followed in the eventof unlawful interference. 7 December 1973 23 May 1974 Air Navigation Commission study Practice tobe followed in the eventof unlawful interference. 12 December 1973 12 August 1976 Ninth Air Navigation Conference ( 1976) Definitions of flight level and transition altitude, operational use of transponders, advisory material on ground exchangeof operational meteorological information. 9 December I977 IO August 1978 Sixth Meetingof the Obstacle Clearance Panel ( I 978) Complete.revisionof material related to procedure construction and obstacle clearancecriteria for instrument approach procedures. Editorial rearrangement of the PANS-OPS into two volumes. 29 June 1979 25 November 1982 Seventh Meeting of the Obstacle ClearancePanel (1981) Modification clarification and of Part Ill and alignment of presentation of units with Annex 5 , Fourth Edition. 8 February 1982 25 November 1982 ( I st Edition) 1 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 5 (2nd Edition) 8 (3rd Edition) 12 13 (Volume 11, 1 st Edition) 1 (Volume 11, 2nd Edition) 11/11B3 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale 0
  42. 42. Foreword Amendment Seventhof 2 the Meeting Source(s) Obstacle Clearance Panel (1981); Fourth Meeting of the Operations Panel (1981) Subject(s) Approved Applicable Changestotheholdingcriteria,e.g.introduction of 30 March 1983 VOFUDMEholding criteria and a newholdingarea24November 1983 construction method in Part IV. Introduction of new Part V for helicopter procedures. 3 Seventhof Meeting the Obstacle Clearance Panel (1981) Introduction of criteria departure for procedures November 25 1983 22 November 1984 4 Recommendations developed by the Obstacle Clearance Panel through correspondence and at its eighth meeting and by the Communications/ Operations Divisional Meeting (COM/OPS/1985) Part 111.- Introduction a of provision related to earliest location of MAR; deletion of TP defined by a distance (timing); deletion d, min between S O C of and TP in precision missed approach; amalgamation of of provisions related to the protection holding and racetrack procedures; refinement of ILS turning missed approach criteria; introduction of MLS interim criteria for ILS-type approaches; editorial amendments. Part 1 . VOR TOFROM indication error zone; Vholding speeds; deletion ofword "standard" in relation to holding; editorial amendments. 7 May 1986 20 November 1986 5 Obstacle Clearance Panel, Fourth Meeting of the Helicopter Operations (HELIOPS) Panel, Air Navigation Commission Introduction of a new Chapter 5 related to simultaneousoperations onparallelornear-parallel instrument runways; introduction in Part of a new V Chapter 2 - Procedures Specified for Use by Helicopters Only; editorial amendments. 23 March 1990 15 November 1990 Ninth Meeting of the Obstacle Clearance Panel (1990), Fifth Meetingof the Operations Panel (1989) and Amendment 69 to Annex 10. Amendment of thedefinitions ofminimum descent3March1993 altitudeheight (MDA/H),obstacleclearancealtitude/11November height (OCARI) and minimum sector altitude and inclusion of the definitions of decision altitude/ height ( D M ) , area navigation (RNAV) and waypoint. Introduction in Part I1 of a new Chapter 7 related to area navigation (RNAV) departure procedures basedon VOFUDME. Amendmentto Part 11 concerning departure criteria to include secondary areas; clarify the application the gradient criteria; of include the concept of close-in obstacles and deletion of the acceleration segment. Amendment Part 111, to Chap-ter 5 to include a referenceto the MLS in the text of the general criteriafor the intermediate approach segment. Amendment to Part Chapter 7 111, related to missed approach segment. Amendment to Part 111, Chapter 9 related to minimum sector altitudes. Amendment to Part Chapter 24 related 111. to the procedures based on tactical vectoring. Introduction in Part I11 of a new Chapter 31 related to area navigation (RNAV) approach procedures based on VOR/DME. Amendment to P r 111. at Attachment C related to VOIUDME entry procedures. Amendment to Part 111, Attachment K concerning the en-route approach interface update to its contents with the RNAV related material. Amendment to Part 111, Attachment M related to MLS criteria for ILS-type approaches. Introduction in Part I11 of a new Attachment N related to visual manoeuvring using a prescribed track. Introduction in Part IV of a new Chapter 2 related to RNAV holding procedures based on VOFUDME. Amendment of the DME fix tolerances to reflect current DMEN accuracy characteristics. 6 (Volume 11. 4th Edition) Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale 1993 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- (Volume 11, 3rd Edition)
  43. 43. S T D - I C A O BLbB-OPS/bLL VOLUME 11-ENGL 3 9 9 3 48414Lb 0 3 0 2 4 5 2 25b M - Volume I1 Operations -Aircraft Procedures (xii) Amendment Source(s) Approved Applicable Subject(s) parallel or near-parallel 7 Air Navigation Commission Simultaneous operations on runways instrument 8 Tenth Meeting of Obstacle the Part Clearance Panel ( 1994) Introduction of new definitions and abbreviations in I, Chapter 1. Modification of the provisions concerning departure procedures in Part 11, Chapter 2, departure and procedures published information in Part 11,Chapter 5. Modification of the area navigation (RNAV) departure provisions based on VORDME in Part 11, Chapter 7. Modification of and new provisions concerning criteriafor standard instrument arrivals in Part 111, Chapter 3. Modification of the initial approach segments usingreversal procedures in Part 111, Chapter 4 Modification of the intermediate . at approach segment in P r 111, Chapter 5. Modification of the missed approach segment in Part 111, Chapter 7. Modification of the ILS criteria in 111, Chapter 21. Part Modification of the localizeronly procedure in Part 111, Chapter 22. Revision of the radar procedure in Part 111, Chapter 24. Modification of the VOR procedures with final approach fix in Part111, Chapter 26. Introduction of newchapters in Part 111 Concerning MLS Categories I, I1 and 111(Chapter 30), azimuth only or MLS with glide path inoperative (Chapter 30A) and MLS CategoryI with nonstandard azimuth alignment (Chapter 30B).Revision of the area navigation approach procedures in Part 111, Chapter 3 1. Modification of the holding procedures in Part IV, Chapter1. Modification of the area navigation (RNAV) holding procedures based on VORDME in PartIV, Chapter 2. Introduction in Part VI of new obstacle clearance criteria en-route. for Revision of the background information on ILS in Attachment A to Part 111. Revision of the examples of OAS calculations in Attachment B to Part 111. Additions and editorial amendments to protection areas of RNAV holding procedures based on VOW DME in Attachment C to Part 111. Introduction of an example of alternative area navigation (RNAV) holding entries for reduced holding entry areas in Attachment C to Part IV. 9 Tenth Meeting of the Obstacle Clearance Panel ( 1994) Amendment to Part 11, paragraph 7.4concerning RNAVdepartureturns based on fly-by way-points. 5/11/98 No. 10 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 13 March 1995 9 November 1995 4 March 1996 7 November 1996 12 March 1997 6 November 1997 --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Not for Resale
  44. 44. Fore word (xiii) Amendment Source(s) Subjecr(s) 10 f Eleventh Meeting o the Obstacle Clearance Panel, Amendment 51 to Annex 4 and Amendment 38 to Annex I 1 Introduction of new and amended definitions inPart 1. Introduction of average flight path in Part JI, Chapter 2. Modification of the turning departure parameters in Part 11, Chapter 3. Introduction of a new Part 11, Chapter 8 on area navigation (RNAV) departure procedures based on DMBDME. introduction of new Attachment A to Part 11 on average flight path for departure procedures. Amendments to the standard instrument arrivals in Part 111, Chapter 3. Modification of the final approach segment alignment and descent gradients in Patt 111 and introduction of new criteria for steep angle approaches. Introduction of a new Part 111, Chapter 32 on area navigation (RNAV) approach procedures based on DMWDME. Introduction of a new Part 111. Chapter 33 on area navigation (RNAV) approach procedures for basic GNSS receivers. Inclusion of obstacle clearance area for RNP holdings in Attachment C to Part 111. Introduction of RNAV material in Attachment K to Part 111. Inclusion of new material related to the calculation of minimum length of segments limited by way-points in Attachment M to P r III. at Approved Applicable 1 May 1998 5 November 1998 Introduction of material related to approval of documentation for flight management systems in Attachment 0 to Part III. Introduction of formulas for the calculation of DMEIDME fix tolerances and area widths in Attachment P to Part 111. Introduction of material on basic GNSS receiver specifications in at Attachment Q to P r 111. Introduction of new material on steep angle approaches in Attachment R to Part 111. introduction of a new Pari IV, Chapter 3 on RNP holding procedures. Introduction of a new Part VI, Chapter 2 on RNAVRNP routes. Editorial amendments. 11 Amendment 52 to Annex 4, Eleventh Meeting of the Obstacle Clearance Panel, Twelfth Meeting of the Obstacle ‘Iearance panel --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- introduction of new definitions and abbreviations in Part 1. Introduction in Parts I1 and 111 of required navigation performance (RNP) procedures for departure, amval and approach procedures, including criteria for fixed radius turns and basic GNSS departure and arrival procedures. Introduction in Part 111 of material with regard to the portrayal of terrain and minimum flight altitudes, a specification of maximum descent rate for the final approach segment for non-precision approach (NPA) procedures, barometric vertical navigation (baroVNAV) criteria, and RNAV database path terminator concept. Amendment in Part 111 of basic GNSS approach procedures and DME/DME procedures to account for reversion. Deletion of Part V, Chapters 1 and 2. Integration of helicopter criteria throughout the document. 29 June 2001 1 November 2001 l/lYOl No. 11 COPYRIGHT Licensed by International Civil Aviation Organization Information Handling Services Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  45. 45. Procedures - Aircrafi Operations - Volume II (xiv) Amendment 12 Source(s) Thirteenth meeting of the Obstacle Clearance Panel (OCP/13) Subject(s) Foreword - introduction of a phrase to ampli@ the notion that PANS-OPS applies to normal operations; Part I - introduction of new definitions and abbreviations; Part II -introduction of altitude depiction requirements, provisions to procedure identification on charts, improvements in the size of the area width of the obstacle protection area for distance measuring equipment DMEíDME and required navigation performance (RNP) procedures, introduction of SBAS procedures; Part III - introduction of altitude depiction requirements, provisions to procedure identification on charts, amendment to the basis of categorization of aircraft, introduction of the procedure altitude concept to address CFIT, the TN bar approach layout for RNAV procedures, the TAA concept, amendment to the standard aircraft dimensions for determination of DA¡H, improvements in the size of the area width of the obstacle protection s e a for distance measuring equipment DMEíDME and required navigation performance (RNP) procedures, a complete revision of APV/BaroVNAV criteria, introduction of GBAS Category I criteria, replacement of Attachment I with a PANS-OPS obstacle assessment surface (OAS) CD-ROM; Part V introduction of RNAV Point in Space (Pins) approach procedures for helicopters using basic GNSS receivers; Part VI - amendment to en-route criteria to include a simplified method. --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 25/11/04 No. 12 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale Approved Applicable 27 April 2004 25 November 2004
  46. 46. ICAO 8168*VOL*II t* m 4843436 0029842 239 m Procedures for Air Navigation Services AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS Part I --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- GENERAL I-(i) Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  47. 47. 1-1 Pan I - Chapter I Chapter 1 DEFINITIONS Aerodrome elevation. The elevation of the highest point of the landing area. Altitude. The vertical distance of a level, a point or an object considered as a point, measured from mean sea levei (MSL). Area minimum altitude (AMA). The lowest altitude to be used under instrument meteorological conditions (IMC) which will provide a minimum vertical clearance of 300 m (1 o00 ft) or in designated mountainous terrain 600 m (2 O00 ft) above all obstacles located in the area specified, rounded up to the nearest (next higher) 30 m (loo ft). Note.- In the exact calculation 984 feet can be used as an equivalent to 300 metres. Area navigation (RNAV). A method of navigation which permits aircraft operation on any desired flight path within the coverage of the station-referenced navigation aids or within the limits of the capability of selfcontained aids, or a combination of these. Base turn. A turn executed by the aircraft during the initiai approach between the end of the outbound track and the beginning of the intermediate or final approach track. The tracks are not reciprocal. Note.- Base turns may be designated as being made either in level flight or while descending, according to the circumstances of each individual procedure. Change-over point. The point at which an aircraft navigating on an ATS route segment defined by reference to very high frequency omnidirectional radio ranges is expected to tiansfer its primary navigational reference from the facility behind the aircraft to the next facility ahead of the aircraft. Note.- Change-over points are established to provide the optimum balance in respect of signal strength and quality between facilities at all levels to be used and to ensure a common source of azimuth guidance for all aircraft operating along the same portion of a route segment. Circling approach. An extension of an instrument approach procedure which provides for visual circling of the aerodrome prior to landing. Contour line. A line on a map or chart connecting points of equal elevation. Datum crossing point (DCP). The DCP is a point on the glide path directly above the LTP or FTF’ at a height specified by the RDH. Dead reckoning (DR) navigation. The estimating or determining of position by advancing an earlier known position by the application of direction, time and speed data. Decision altitude (DA) or decision height (OH). A specified altitude or height in the precision approach or approach with vertical guidance at which a missed approach must be initiated if the required visual reference to continue the approach has not been established. Note 1.- Decision altitude (DA) is referenced to mean sea level and decision height (DH) is referenced to the threshold elevation. Note 2.- The required visual reference means that section of the visual aids or of the approach area which should have been in view for sufjìcient time for the pilot to have made an assessment of the aircraft position and rate of change of position, in relation to the desiredflight path. In Category I l l operations with a decision height the required visual reference is that specified for the particular procedure and operation. Note 3.- For convenience where both expressions are used they may be written in the form “decision altitude/ height” and abbreviated “ D A / ” ’ . Dependent parallel approaches. Simultaneous approaches to parallel or near-parallel instrument runways where Doc 8168, PANS-OPS, Volume Il Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 25/11/04 No. 12 Not for Resale --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- When the following terms are used in this document, they have the following meanings:
  48. 48. Procedures -Aircraft Operations - Volume 11 1-2 radar separation minima between aircraft on adjacent extended runway centre lines are prescribed. b) when set to a QFE altimeter setting, will indicate Descent fur. A fix established in a precision approach at the FAP to eliminate certain obstacles before the FAP, which would otherwise have to be considered for obstacle clearance purposes. c) when set to a pressure of 1 013.2 hPa, may be used to indicate jlight levels. DME distance. The line of sight distance (slant range) from the source of a DME signai to the receiving antenna. Elevation. The vertical distance of a point or a level, on or affixed to the surface of the Earth, measured from mean sea levei. Fictüious threshold point (FTP). The FTP is a point over which the final approach segment path passes at a relative height specified by the reference datum height. It is defined by the WGS-84 latitude, longitude and ellipsoid height. The FTP replaces the LTP when the final approach course is not aligned with the runway extended centre line or when the threshold is displaced from the actual runway threshold. For non-aligned approaches the FTP lies on the intersection of the perpendicular from the FAS to the runway threshold. The FI” elevation is the same as the actual runway threshold elevation. Final approach and take-off area (FATO). A defined area over which the final phase of the approach manoeuvre to hover or landing is completed and from which the takeoff manoeuvre is commenced. Where the FATO is to be used by performance Class 1 helicopters, the defined area includes the rejected take-off area available. Final approach segment. That segment of an instrument approach procedure in which alignment and descent for landing are accomplished. --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Final approach track. The flight track in the final approach segment that is normally aligned with the runway centre line. For offset final approach segments, the final approach track is aligned with the orientation of the FTP and the FPAP. Flight level (FL). A surface of constant atmospheric pressure which is related to a specific pressure datum, 1013.2 hectopascals (hPa), and is separated from such surfaces by specific pressure intervals. height above the Q F E reference datum; Note 2.- The terms “height” and “altitude”, used in Note 1 above, indicate altimetric rather than geometric heights and altitudes. Flight path alignment point (FPAP). The FPAP is a point in the same lateral plane as the LTP or FTP that is used to define the alignment of the final approach segment. For approaches aligned with the runway centre line, the FPAP is located at or beyond the opposite threshold of the runway. The delta length offset from the opposite threshold of the runway defines its location. GBAS azimuth reference point (GARP). The GARP is defined to be beyond the FPAP along the procedure centre line by a fixed offset of 305 m (1 o00 ft). It is used to establish the lateral deviation display limits. Geoid. The equipotential surface in the gravity field of the Earth, which coincides with the undisturbed mean sea level (MSL) extended continuously through the continents. Note.- The geoid is irregular in shape because of local gravitational disturbances (wind tides, salinity, current, etc.) and the direction of gravity is perpendicular to the geoid at eve? point. Geoid undulation. The distance of the geoid above (positive) or below (negative) the mathematical reference ellipsoid. Note.- In respect to the World Geodetic System 1984 ( WGS-84) defined ellipsoid, the diyerence between the WGS-84 ellipsoidal height and orthometric height represents WGS-84 geoid undulation. Heading. The direction in which the longitudinal axis of an aircraft is pointed, usually. expressed in degrees from North (true, magnetic, compass or grid). Height. The vertical distance of a level, a point or an object considered as a point, measured from a specified datum. Note 1.- A pressure type altimeter calibrated in accordance with the Standard Atmosphere: Hoìding procedure. A predetermined manoeuvre which keeps an aircraft within a specified airspace while awaiting further clearance. a ) when set to a QNH altimeter setting, will indicate altitude; Independent parallel approaches. Simultaneous approaches to parallel or near-paraliei instrument runways where radar 25/11/04 No. 12 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  49. 49. Part I - Chapter 1 1-3 separation minima between aircraft on adjacent extended runway centre lines are not prescribed. Independent parallel departures. Simultaneous departures from parallel or near-parallel instrument runways. Initial approach f (ZAF). A fix that marks the beginning a of the initial segment and the end of the amval segment, if applicable. In RNAV applications this fix is normally defined by a fly-by waypoint. Initial approach segment. That segment of an instrument approach procedure between the initial approach fix and the intermediate fix or, where applicable, the final approach fix or point. --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Instrument approach procedure (ZAP). A series of predetermined manoeuvres by reference to flight instruments with specified protection from obstacles from the initial approach fix, or where applicable, from the beginning of a defined arrival route to a point from which a landing can be completed and thereafter, if a landing is not completed, to a position at which holding or en-route obstacle clearance criteria apply. Instrument approach procedures are classified as follows: Non-precision approach (NPA) procedure. An instrument approach procedure which utilizes lateral guidance but does not utilize vertical guidance. Approach procedure with vertical guidance (APV). An instrument procedure which utilizes lateral and vertical guidance but does not meet the requirements established for precision approach and landing operations. Precision approach (PA) procedure. An instrument approach procedure using precision lateral and vertical guidance with minima as determined by the category of operation. Note.- Lateral and vertical guidance refers to the guidance provided either by: a ) a ground-based navigation aid; or b) computer-generated navigation data. Intermediate approach segment. That segment of an instrument approach procedure between either the intermediate fix and the final approach fix or point, or between the end of a reversal, racetrack or dead reckoning track procedure and the final approach fix or point, as appropriate. Intennediatejìx (IF).A fix that marks the end of an initial segment and the beginning of the intermediate segment. In RNAV applications this fix is normally defined by a fly-by waypoint. Landing threshold point (LTP).The LTP is a point over which the glide path passes at a relative height specified by the reference datum height. It is defined by the WGS-84 latitude, longitude and ellipsoid height. The LTP is normally located at the intersection of the runway centre line and threshold. Level. A generic term relating to the vertical position of an aircraft in flight and meaning variously, height, altitude or flight level. Minimum descent altitude (MDA) or minimum descent height (MDH). A specified altitude or height in a nonprecision approach or circling approach below which descent must not be made without the required visual reference. Note 1.- Minimum descent altitude (MDA) is referenced to mean sea level and minimum descent height (MDH) is referenced to the aerodrome elevation or to the threshold elevation if that is more than 2 m (7 fi) below the aerodrome elevation. A minimum descent height for a circling approach is referenced to the aerodrome elevation. Note 2.- The required visual reference means that section of the visual aids or of the approach area which should have been in view for suficient time for the pilot to have made an assessment of the aircraft position and rate of change of position, in relation to the desired jlight path. In the case of a circling approach the required visual reference is the runway environment. Note 3.- For convenience when both expressions are used they may be written in the form “minimum descent altitudeheight ” and abbreviated “MDA/H”. Minimum sector altitude (MSA). The lowest altitude which may be used which will provide a minimum clearance of 300 m (1 o00 ft) above all objects located in an area contained within a sector of a circle of 46 km (25 NM) radius centred on a radio aid to navigation. Minimum stabilization distance (MSD). The minimum distance to complete a turn manoeuvre and after which a new manoeuvre can be initiated. The minimum stabilization distance is used to compute the minimum distance between waypoints. Missed approach holding fi (MAHF). A fix used in RNAV applications that marks the end of the missed approach segment and the centre point for the missed approach holding. 25/11/04 No. 12 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
  50. 50. Procedures -Aircrafr Operations - Volume II 1-4 Missed approach point (MAPt). That point in an instrument approach procedure at or before which the prescribed missed approach procedure must be initiated in order to ensure that the minimum obstacle clearance is not infringed. Missed approach procedure. The procedure to be followed if the approach cannot be continued. Mountainous area. An area of changing terrain profile where the changes of terrain elevation exceed 900m (3 O00 ft) within a distance of 18.5 km (10.0 NM). --`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Near-parallel runways. Non-intersecting runways whose extended centre lines have an angle of convergence1 divergence of 15 degrees or less. No transgression zone (NTZ). In the context of independent parallel approaches, a corridor of airspace of defined dimensions located centrally between the two extended runway centre lines, where a penetration by an aircraft requires a controller intervention to manoeuvre any threatened aircraft on the adjacent approach. Obstacle assessment surface (OAS). A defined surface intended for the purpose of determining those obstacles to be considered in the calculation of obstacle clearance altitudeheight for a specific ILS facility and procedure. Obstacle clearance altitude (OCA) or obstacle clearance height (OCH). The lowest altitude or the lowest height above the elevation of the relevant runway threshold or the aerodrome elevation as applicable, used in establishing compliance with appropriate obstacle clearance criteria. Note 1.- Obstacle clearance altitude is referenced to mean sea level and obstacle clearance height is referenced to the threshold elevation or in the case of non-precision approaches to the aerodrome elevation or the threshold elevation if that is more than 2 m (7fr) below the aerodrome elevation. An obstacle clearance height for a circling approach is referenced to the aerodrome elevation. Note 2.- For convenience when both expressions are used they may be written in the form “obstacle clearance altitudeheight” and abbreviated “OCA/”’. Obstacle free zone (OFZ). The airspace above the inner approach surface, inner transitional surfaces, and balked landing surface and that portion of the strip bounded by these surfaces, which is not penetrated by any fixed obstacle other than a low-mass and frangibly mounted one required for air navigation purposes. Point in Space approach (Pins). The Point in Space approach is based on a basic GNSS non-precision approach procedure designed for helicopters only. It is aligned with a reference point located to permit subsequent flight manoeuvring or approach and landing using visual manoeuvring in adequate visual conditions to see and avoid obstacles. Point in Space reference point (PRP). Reference point for the Point in Space approach as identified by the latitude and longitude of the MAPt. Precision approach procedure. An instrument approach procedure utilizing azimuth and glide path information provided by ILS or PAR. Primary area. A defined area symmetrically disposed about the nominal flight track in which full obstacle clearance is provided. (See also Secondary area.) Procedure altitudeheight. A specified altitudeheight flown operationally at or above the minimum altitude.‘ height and established to accommodate a stabilized descent at a prescribed descent gradientlangle in the intermediatdfinal approach segment. Procedure turn. A manoeuvre in which a turn is made away from a designated track followed by a turn in the opposite direction to pennit the aircraft to intercept and proceed along the reciprocal of the designated track. Note 1.- Procedure turns are designated “lefr” or “right” according to the direction of the initial turn. Note 2.- Procedure turns may be designated as being made either in level flight or while descending, according to the circumstances of each individual procedure. Note 3.- See Part III, 6.4 for specijìc applications of this definition. Racetrack procedure. A procedure designed to enable the aircraft to reduce altitude during the initial approach segment and/or establish the aircraft inbound when the entry into a reversal procedure is not practical. Note 4.- See Part V, Chapter 1, for area navigation (RNAV) point in space (Pins) approach procedures using basic GNSS receivers. Reference datum height (RDH). The height of the extended glide path or a nominal vertical path at the runway threshold. 25/11/04 No. 12 Copyright International Civil Aviation Organization Provided by IHS under license with ICAO No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale

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