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  • WadiRumRockBridge01.jpg
  • LOC Natural Bridges, Utah / Geo. L. Beam. Beam, George L. 1868-1935. (George Lytle), CREATED/PUBLISHED [between 1922 and 1925] SUMMARY View under Rainbow Bridge , a massive sandstone bridge in Natural Bridges National Monument, Utah, includes a dried up streambed. NOTES Title supplied by cataloger; penciled on negative envelope: " Rainbow Bridge , Utah."
  • oldsunsetranch
  • CREATED/PUBLISHED between 1905 and 1934. SUMMARY Members of a Denver and Salt Lake Railroad Company (D&SL) survey crew pose on a log bridge over the Colorado River in Gore Canyon (Grand County), Colorado.
  • Ranch & log bridge Beam, George L. 1868-1935. (George Lytle), CREATED/PUBLISHED [between 1922 and 1935?] SUMMARY View of a settlement in (probably) Utah; shows a log bridge , a stream, and houses. People sit on a porch; a United States flag waves from a pole.
  • [U.S. Army soldiers from the Ohio Engineers, building a small log bridge over a ditch, at Fort Sheridan, Illinois.]. Chicago Daily News, Inc., photographer. CREATED/PUBLISHED 1917. SUMMARY Image of U.S. Army soldiers from the Ohio Engineers building a small log bridge over a ditch at Fort Sheridan, Illinois. NOTES This photonegative taken by a Chicago Daily News photographer may have been published in the newspaper. Cite as: DN-0068472, Chicago Daily News negatives collection, Chicago Historical Society.
  • CREATED/PUBLISHED [between 1905, along Denver, Northwestern and Pacific Railway's Moffat Road; shows light snow covering ridge and muddy wagon tracks leading to wooden log bridge across stream. and 1913]. SUMMARY View of hot springs site enclosed by stone and wooden frame buildings, Hot Sulphur Springs, Colorado
  • Bridges. Old covered bridge, Jackson River, Va.. Horydczak, Theodor, ca. 1890-1971, photographer. CREATED/PUBLISHED ca. 1920-ca. 1950.
  • Structure of covered bridge. Wallingford, Vermont. Locke, Edwin, photographer. CREATED/PUBLISHED 1937 Aug.
  • LOC covered4 Covered4 3/4 VIEW SHOWING APPROACH SPAN AND BRIDGE PORTAL (direction of view unknown) HAER, WVA,6-MILT
  • LOC covered4b 4. INTERIOR VIEW SHOWING HOWE TRUSSING SYSTEM HAER, WVA,6-MILT,1-4
  • LOC covered4a 2. SIDE VIEW OF BRIDGE (direction of view unknown) HAER, WVA,6-MILT,1-2
  • 1. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick Tilberg, Photographer August, 1950 PERSPECTIVE VIEW. HABS, PA,1-HUNTO.V,1-1
  • Covered Bridge, Glen Canyon, Santa Cruz County, CA MEDIUM Photo(s): 1 Photo Caption(s): 1 CALL NUMBER HABS, CAL,44-GLECA,1- CREATED/PUBLISHED Documentation compiled after 1933. NOTES Survey number HABS CA-1551 Photocopy of photograph (Collection of Rose Rostran, Santa Cruz) Photographer unknown ca. 1936 END (Built 1892; moved to another site) HABS, CAL,44-GLECA,1-1
  • Autos on bridge w/ town behind Beam , George L. 1868-1935. (George Lytle), CREATED/PUBLISHED [between 1922 and 1935?] SUMMARY Cars on a suspension bridge over a river, possibly in Colorado. Graffiti covers a concrete pylon; horses and houses are in the background. NOTES Scanned image from loaned collection.
  • enz_bridge.jpg
  • Millennium Bridge
  • timbertruss
  • D&RG 5-span iron truss bridge #423A spanning the Grand (Colorado) River on the Montrose line at Grand Junction, Colorado / Geo. L. Beam. Beam, George L. 1868-1935. (George Lytle), CREATED/PUBLISHED 1912? SUMMARY View west of an iron truss bridge crossing the Colorado River on the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad Montrose line at Grand Junction, Colorado; people and horses are on a sand bar. NOTES Title hand-written on negative sleeve, with: "neg file no. 291," "view west," "new bridge #432.52, five 147'3 1/2" through pin-connected trusses on original stone piers and abutments, manufactured by American Bridge Co, erected on old masonry 1903-1904 by contractors McCreary & Willard," "argon - 3-4.5 s timer 1-2-3-5-6-7-8-10-11-13-15-16-18-20 on," and "print- J. L. Ozment - 9/9/1984." Source: Jackson Thode. Condition: negative emulsion pitted.
  • Meeker, Colorado CREATED/PUBLISHED 1897. SUMMARY View of the bridge crossing the White River at Meeker on the Mesa and Flag Creek road. Men, women, a girl and a dog pose on the wooden truss bridge leading into Meeker, Rio Blanco County, Colorado. NOTES Title and description typed on label on back of photoprint; additional information: "Which of the series of installations this is, is not known at this writing. Give credit as follows: Photo from the Wildhack Collection, Meeker Chamber of Commerce." Source: Gordon A. Weller, Meeker, Colo. Photoprint shows dirt specks of original and is wrinkling from label glued on back. SUBJECTS
  • Iowa Bridges Recording Project MEDIUM Measured Drawing(s): 5 Photo(s): 11 Data Page(s): 14 plus cover page Photo Caption(s): 1 CALL NUMBER HAER, IOWA,31-BERN.V,1- CREATED/PUBLISHED Documentation compiled after 1968.
  • Arastra Gulch, Silverton, Colo. CREATED/PUBLISHED [between 1890 and 1910]. SUMMARY View of a trestle bridge that crosses Arastra Gulch near Silverton (San Juan County), Colorado. NOTES Title and "91381" from label in print. Stamped on back of print: "155B". Photoprint of a halftone reproduction of a photograph. Source: WHC- Caroline Bancroft Collection Transferred 8/89.
  • Jefferson Barracks Bridge Location: Mississippi River, Jefferson Barracks, Missouri Project Type: Bridge Owner: Missouri DOT
  • aquaduct
  • Old stone bridge at Bull Run Battlefield. Manassas, Virginia. Carter, Paul, photographer. CREATED/PUBLISHED 1936 Mar.
  • Bridges. Old stone bridge. Horydczak, Theodor, ca. 1890-1971, photographer. CREATED/PUBLISHED ca. 1920-ca. 1950.
  • Bridges. Stone bridge in Rock Creek Park. Horydczak, Theodor, ca. 1890-1971, photographer. CREATED/PUBLISHED ca. 1920-ca. 1950. NOTES Old negative number: 220.
  • Stone bridge, Elizabeth Park, Hartford, Ct.. CREATED/PUBLISHED c1905. NOTES "2172" on negative. Detroit Publishing Co. no. 018045. Gift; State Historical Society of Colorado; 1949
  • Old Stone Bridge, Boonton, N.J.. CREATED/PUBLISHED [between 1890 and 1901] NOTES Date based on Detroit, Catalogue J (1901). Detroit Publishing Co. no. 011525. Gift; State Historical Society of Colorado; 1949
  • ALTERNATE TITLE Stone Bridge Pennsylvania Historic Railroad Bridges Recording P Stone7 Stone Bridge at Bowling Green, Gallatin vicinity, Sumner County, TN
  • segoviaspain.jpg
  • Historic American Buildings Survey Copy of old photo, by Frank O. Branzetti, Photographer (a) EXT.-STONE BRIDGE FORMERLY OVER CANAL, MEDFORD HABS, MASS,9-____,10-1
  • Franklin Park, Ellicott Bridge, Emerald Necklace, Boston, MA ALTERNATE TITLE West Roxbury Park NOTES Building/structure/site dates: 1894; (completed)1894 SUBJECTS United States--Massachusetts--Boston
  • 38pontdugard.jpg
  • Arch bridge, Bellows Falls, Vt.. CREATED/PUBLISHED [between 1905 and 1910] NOTES "Saunderson" and "13" on negative. Detroit Publishing Co. no. 070090. Gift; State Historical Society of Colorado; 1949.
  • Bayonne Bridge, Spanning Kill Van Kull between Bayonne & Staten Is, Bayonne, Hudson County, NJ ALTERNATE TITLE Kill van Kull Bridge MEDIUM Photo(s): 20 Data Page(s): 1 plus cover page Photo Caption(s): 2 CALL NUMBER HAER, NJ,9-BAYO,1- CREATED/PUBLISHED Documentation compiled after 1968.
  • [Hell Gate Bridge (New York Connecting RailroadBridge), New York]. CREATED/PUBLISHED [between 1915 and 1920] NOTES Title from jacket. Detroit Publishing Co. no. 0931. Gift; State Historical Society of Colorado; 1949. LOC HAER, NY,31-NEYO,176-5
  • [Upper] Steel Arch Bridge, Niagara. CREATED/PUBLISHED [between 1898 and 1899] NOTES Detroit Publishing Co. no. 04058. Gift; State Historical Society of Colorado; 1949.
  • bluewaterbridge
  • eads
  • Quebecinner
  • 1993, Lewis and Clark Bridge (Longview-Rainier Bridge) across the Columbia River. Photo taken from the Oregon side, looking northward. Photographer: Jet Long. Photograph Date: 1993. -- U.S. Library of Congress, American Memories Website, 2003
  • [Queensboro Bridge, Roosevelt Island, New York, N.Y.]. CREATED/PUBLISHED [between 1910 and 1930] NOTES Title devised by cataloger. Photograph of photographic print. No Detroit Publishing Co. no. Gift; State Historical Society of Colorado; 1949. LOC
  • Astoria bridge
  • tsingmabridge.jpg Tsing Ma Bridge, Hong Kong
  • akashi_kaikyo Today the suspension bridge reaches a free span of almost 2000m (Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge, Japan) while its cable-stayed counterpart can cross almost 1000m (Tatara Bridge, Japan, Normandie Bridge, France). Cable-supported bridges therefore play an important role in the overcoming of barriers that had split people, nations and even continents before. This cultural aspect is not less important.
  • brooklynbridge
  • http://www.ketchum.org/carquinez.html
  • Ambassadorbridge
  • ambassadorbridge2.jpg
  • GENERAL VIEW FROM TOP OF SOUTHERN TOWER, LOOKING NORTH HAER, CAL,38-SANFRA,140-46 GENERAL VIEW, LOOKING NORTH, SHOWING THE 'SEA SIDE' OF THE STRUCTURE HAER, CAL,38-SANFRA,140-47
  • goldengate
  • DETAIL VIEW, LOOKING SOUTH, SHOWING CABLE, SUSPENDERS, LIGHTING FIXTURE AND BRIDGE DECK HAER, CAL,38-SANFRA,140-23
  • GENERAL VIEW, LOOKING NORTH, SHOWING THE BRIDGE IN BACKGROUND AND A 'SECTION' OF THE WIRE CABLES IN THE FOREGROUND HAER, CAL,38-SANFRA,140-42 DETAIL VIEW OF CABLE SEAT ON TOP OF SOUTHERN TOWER HAER, CAL,38-SANFRA,140-45
  • DETAIL VIEW OF SUSPENDER AND FLOORBEAM HAER, CAL,38-SANFRA,140-35
  • When it opened in 1964, the Verrazano Narrows Bridge was the world's longest suspension span. Today, its length is surpassed only by the Humber Bridge in England.
  • When it opened in 1964, the Verrazano Narrows Bridge was the world's longest suspension span. Today, its length is surpassed only by the Humber Bridge in England.
  • Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapsing, Tacoma, Washington, 1940 On the morning of November 7, 1940, the Tacoma Narrows Bridge twisted violently in 42-mile-per-hour winds and collapsed into the cold waters of the Puget Sound. The disaster -- which luckily took no human lives -- shook the engineering community and forever changed the way bridges were built around the world. Roadway of Tacoma Narrows Bridge twisting violently in a windstorm, Tacoma, Washington, 1940
  • Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapsing, Tacoma, Washington, 1940 On the morning of November 7, 1940, the Tacoma Narrows Bridge twisted violently in 42-mile-per-hour winds and collapsed into the cold waters of the Puget Sound. The disaster -- which luckily took no human lives -- shook the engineering community and forever changed the way bridges were built around the world. Roadway of Tacoma Narrows Bridge twisting violently in a windstorm, Tacoma, Washington, 1940
  • Sunshine Skyway Bridge Sunshine Skyway Bridge, St. Petersburg and Bradenton, Floridahttp://www.pbs.org/wgbh/buildingbig/bridge/index.html
  • Sunshine Skyway Bridge Sunshine Skyway Bridge, St. Petersburg and Bradenton, Floridahttp://www.pbs.org/wgbh/buildingbig/bridge/index.html
  • Clark Bridge in Alton, IL photos by Bob Graul
  • Catalog swing bridge 2
  • Swing Bridge Turning
  • BRIDGE ACROSS SHATT-AL-ARAB, IRAQ
  • Coleman Bridge, Spanning Phelps Brook, on Windsor Bush Road, at th, Windsor, Berkshire County, MA ALTERNATE TITLE Windsor Bush Road Bridge MEDIUM Measured Drawing(s): 4 Photo(s): 10 Data Page(s): 22 plus cover page Photo Caption(s): 1 CALL NUMBER HAER, MASS,2-WIND,1- CREATED/PUBLISHED Documentation compiled after 1968.
  • Coleman Bridge, Spanning Phelps Brook, on Windsor Bush Road, at th, Windsor, Berkshire County, MA ALTERNATE TITLE Windsor Bush Road Bridge MEDIUM Measured Drawing(s): 4 Photo(s): 10 Data Page(s): 22 plus cover page Photo Caption(s): 1 CALL NUMBER HAER, MASS,2-WIND,1- CREATED/PUBLISHED Documentation compiled after 1968.
  • Coleman Bridge, Spanning Phelps Brook, on Windsor Bush Road, at th, Windsor, Berkshire County, MA ALTERNATE TITLE Windsor Bush Road Bridge MEDIUM Measured Drawing(s): 4 Photo(s): 10 Data Page(s): 22 plus cover page Photo Caption(s): 1 CALL NUMBER HAER, MASS,2-WIND,1- CREATED/PUBLISHED Documentation compiled after 1968.
  • Elevated train crossing Van Buren Street Railroad Bridge]. Chicago Daily News, Inc., photographer. CREATED/PUBLISHED [ca. 1902] SUMMARY View of an elevated train crossing the Van Buren Street Railroad Bridge which spanned the Chicago River from the Loop to the Near West Side community area in Chicago, Illinois. NOTES This photonegative taken by a Chicago Daily News photographer may have been published in the newspaper. Cite as: DN-0000001, Chicago Daily News negatives collection, Chicago Historical Society.
  • [Bascule bridge with left half slightly raised, with people on bridge]. Chicago Daily News, Inc., photographer. CREATED/PUBLISHED [ca. 1902] SUMMARY View of a bascule bridge over the Chicago River in Chicago, Illinois. A bridgekeeper's house is visible in the foreground. NOTES This photonegative taken by a Chicago Daily News photographer may have been published in the newspaper. Cite as: DN-0000006, Chicago Daily News negatives collection, Chicago Historical Society.
  • [Erie Street Bridge, a bascule bridge, with the two leaves in raised position]. Chicago Daily News, Inc., photographer. CREATED/PUBLISHED 1910. SUMMARY View of the Erie Street Bridge, a bascule bridge over the North Branch of the Chicago River, in raised position. The Erie Street Bridge connected the Near North Side and West Town community areas of Chicago, Illinois. NOTES This photonegative taken by a Chicago Daily News photographer may have been published in the newspaper. Cite as: DN-0008116, Chicago Daily News negatives collection, Chicago Historical Society.
  • saultstmarie1
  • ALTERNATE TITLE Erie Avenue Bridge Newberry Bridge MEDIUM Photo(s): 42 Data Page(s): 21 plus cover page Photo Caption(s): 3 CALL NUMBER HAER, PA,41-WILPO,3- CREATED/PUBLISHED Documentation compiled after 1968. LOC
  • Vertical lift Baltimore (Pratt) through-truss railroad bridge www.richmangalleries.com/ moving_bridges.htm Cape Cod Canal Railroad Bridge Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts Vertical Lift Scotland Vertical Bridge ID Number 12269 Description Leamington Lift Bridge  Date taken 21 May 2000 Photographer Klaus Föhl
  • Vertical lift Baltimore (Pratt) through-truss railroad bridge www.richmangalleries.com/ moving_bridges.htm Cape Cod Canal Railroad Bridge Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts Vertical Lift Scotland Vertical Bridge ID Number 12269 Description Leamington Lift Bridge  Date taken 21 May 2000 Photographer Klaus Föhl
  • Vertical lift Baltimore (Pratt) through-truss railroad bridge www.richmangalleries.com/ moving_bridges.htm Cape Cod Canal Railroad Bridge Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts Vertical Lift Scotland Vertical Bridge ID Number 12269 Description Leamington Lift Bridge  Date taken 21 May 2000 Photographer Klaus Föhl
  • Goethals Bridge, Spanning Arthur Kill from New Jersey to Staten Isl, Staten Island, Richmond County, NY MEDIUM Photo(s): 7 Photo Caption(s): 1 CALL NUMBER HAER, NY,43-___,2- CREATED/PUBLISHED Documentation compiled after 1968. NOTES Survey number HAER NY-305
  • Goethals Bridge, Spanning Arthur Kill from New Jersey to Staten Isl, Staten Island, Richmond County, NY MEDIUM Photo(s): 7 Photo Caption(s): 1 CALL NUMBER HAER, NY,43-___,2- CREATED/PUBLISHED Documentation compiled after 1968. NOTES Survey number HAER NY-305
  • GUIABA RIVER AT PORTO ALEGRE, BRAZIL (1954-60)
  • Lift-bridge
  • Aerial bridge, Duluth, Minn.. CREATED/PUBLISHED c1908. NOTES Negative broken and taped to second sheet of glass. Detroit Publishing Co. no. 070603. Gift; State Historical Society of Colorado; 1949. LOC
  • Tank destroyer advances along a mountain road, Italy CREATED/PUBLISHED March 3, 1945. SUMMARY Three soldiers of the 701st Tank Destroyer Battalion advance a tank destroyer mounted with three inch guns along a mountain road located, according to the caption, in the Mount Terminale area. The 701st was attached to the Tenth Mountain Division during the Italian Campaign. In the background are shelled buildings, a partially completed Bailey bridge , with five soldiers standing on it, as well as (according to the caption) a Sherman tank out of action. NOTES For physical location, see Photograph Album 15A, Walter L. Galson, or Andrew Hastings Oversized Prints number 67. Signal Corps negative number SC 329838 Vintage photographic print. Unmounted photographic print has caption: "The tank destroyer of the 701 Tank Destroyer Battalion, mounting three-inch guns advances along a mountain road in support of the 10th Mountain Div., which is pushing north from Poretta toward the Po Valley. In the background are a half-finished Bailey bridge , called according to the caption the Malandrone bridge , and a Sherman tank out of action. U.S. Fifth Army, Mount Terminale area, Italy." Date typed on reverse. Mounted photoprint has caption: "701st TD Bn. pushes past 126th at Malandrone bridge ." Date and Signal Corps negative number handwritten on the board beneath the print. Title supplied by cataloger.
  • baileybridge
  • Bailey-push
  • brcko.counterpart.org/ brckophotos.htm Border Bridge over Sava River to Croatia .jpg 19kb
  • View of James River Pontoon Bridge, from south side, above Jones' Landing. [Stereograph] CREATED/PUBLISHED [ca.1861-ca.1865] MEDIUM Stereograph SUMMARY Pontoon bridge across river, man standing in middle. NOTES Series: Photographic History. The War for the Union. War Views., 2538
  • Pontoon bridges, North Anna, constructed by the 50th N.Y.V. Engineers, below railroad bridge, where a portion of the 2nd Corps, under Gen. Hancock crossed 23rd May, 1864. [Stereograph] O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882 CREATED/PUBLISHED May 23, 1864 MEDIUM Stereograph SUMMARY Two pontoon bridges span North Anna River, two men seated on far bridge. NOTES Series: Photographic Incidents of the War., 765
  • Broadway Landing, Va. Pontoon bridge across the Appomattox]. CREATED/PUBLISHED [Between 1860 and 1865] SUMMARY Photograph from the main eastern theater of war, the siege of Petersburg, June 1864-April 1865. NOTES Reference: Civil War photographs, 1861-1865 / compiled by Hirst D. Milhollen and Donald H. Mugridge, Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress, 1977. No. 0369 Title from Milhollen and Mugridge. Two plates form left (LC-B811-2625A) and right (LC-B811-2625B) halves of a stereograph pair. Forms part of Selected Civil War photographs, 1861-1865 (Library of Congress)
  • The official name of the bridge is the Governor Albert D. Rosellini Bridge at Evergreen Point, after a popular former governor who was in office when the bridge opened.
  • [Stony Brook glen, Shawmut Bridge, Dansville, N.Y.]. CREATED/PUBLISHED [between 1890 and 1906] NOTES Title and date from Detroit, Catalogue P (1906). Detroit Publishing Co. no. 011497. Gift; State Historical Society of Colorado; 1949
  • Knie_bridge
  • Lake_Pontchartrain_Causeway-vi.jpg
  • pontchbridge-vi Combined bridge – truss, cantilever - Put in Other category
  • clarkbrdgeold

Bridgeprojectsource online-120723110339-phpapp02 Bridgeprojectsource online-120723110339-phpapp02 Presentation Transcript

  • BRIDGESBRIDGESEngineer-It ClassEngineer-It ClassSummer 2004Summer 2004
  • HistoryHistory• Primitive Peoples:Primitive Peoples:– LogsLogs– Slabs of RocksSlabs of Rocks– Intertwined Vines or RopesIntertwined Vines or Ropes• Roman Empire—First Great Bridge BuildersRoman Empire—First Great Bridge Builders– Timber Truss BridgesTimber Truss Bridges– Masonry Arch BridgesMasonry Arch Bridges• EuropeansEuropeans– Followed HRE Until Iron and Steel UseFollowed HRE Until Iron and Steel Use• Nineteenth Century—Nineteenth Century—– Modern Long BridgesModern Long Bridges– Moveable BridgesMoveable Bridges
  • Rock BridgesRock Bridges
  • Wadi Rum Rock Bridge
  • View under Rainbow Bridge, amassive sandstone bridge inNatural Bridges NationalMonument, Utah, includes a driedup streambed."Rainbow Bridge, Utah."
  • Rope BridgesRope Bridges
  • Log BridgesLog Bridges
  • LOG BRIDGELOG BRIDGEMembers of a DenverMembers of a Denverand Salt Lake Railroadand Salt Lake RailroadCompany (D&SL)Company (D&SL)survey crew pose on asurvey crew pose on aloglog bridgebridge over theover theColorado River in GoreColorado River in GoreCanyon (GrandCanyon (GrandCounty), Colorado.County), Colorado.
  • View of a settlement in (probably) Utah; shows a log bridge, a stream, and houses.People sit on a porch; a United States flag waves from a pole.
  • U.S. Army soldiers from the Ohio Engineers, building a smalllog bridge over a ditch, at Fort Sheridan, Illinois
  • LOG BRIDGELOG BRIDGEView of hot springs site enclosed by stone andView of hot springs site enclosed by stone andwooden frame buildings, Hot Sulphur Springs, COwooden frame buildings, Hot Sulphur Springs, CO
  • Covered BridgesCovered Bridges
  • COVEREDCOVEREDBRIDGEBRIDGE• Bridges. OldBridges. Oldcovered bridge,covered bridge,Jackson River,Jackson River,Va.Va.
  • Structure of covered bridge. Wallingford, Vermont
  • Covered Bridge, GlenCanyon, Santa CruzCounty, CA
  • CONSTRUCTIONCONSTRUCTION• Must carry own weight and weight of trafficMust carry own weight and weight of traffic– Must withstand force of high windsMust withstand force of high winds– Must consider effects of contraction and/orMust consider effects of contraction and/or– Expansion due to temperature changesExpansion due to temperature changes– Most common materialsMost common materials• Wood—temporaryWood—temporary• Steel—for long, strong spansSteel—for long, strong spans• Reinforced concrete—attractive designs but difficult to workReinforced concrete—attractive designs but difficult to workwith on large bridgeswith on large bridges• Prestressed concrete—stronger than reinforced, cheaperPrestressed concrete—stronger than reinforced, cheaperthan steelthan steel
  • TYPES OF BRIDGESTYPES OF BRIDGES• FixedFixed• MoveableMoveable• OtherOther
  • Beam or Girder BridgesBeam or Girder Bridges
  • FIXEDFIXED• Beam or GirderBeam or Girder– Two parallel beams w/ flooring supported byTwo parallel beams w/ flooring supported bypierspiers– Span can be supported by trestleSpan can be supported by trestle– Used for hwy over/underpasses or smallUsed for hwy over/underpasses or smallstream crossingsstream crossings– Example—Covered BridgeExample—Covered Bridge
  • Cars on a suspension bridge over a river, possibly in Colorado.
  • enz_bridge.jpg
  • Millennium Bridge, LondonMillennium Bridge, London
  • ostruz.jpg www.prevodi-vertalingen.com/.../ ostruz.html
  • Truss BridgesTruss Bridges
  • FIXEDFIXED• TrussTruss– Beam bridge strengthed by trusses (structuralBeam bridge strengthed by trusses (structuralspts joined to form triangles with tie rods)spts joined to form triangles with tie rods)– Lighter than ordinary beam sections of equalLighter than ordinary beam sections of equallengthlength– Useful for longer bridgesUseful for longer bridges
  • Timber Truss BridgeTimber Truss Bridge
  • Continuous Truss BridgesContinuous Truss Bridges
  • View west of an iron truss bridge crossing the Colorado River on the Denverand Rio Grande Railroad Montrose line at Grand Junction, Colorado; peopleand horses are on a sand bar.
  • View of the bridge crossing the White River at Meeker, CO
  • White Water Creek Bridge, Spanning White Water Creek,Bernard vicinity, Dubuque County, IA
  • Truss BridgeTruss BridgeView of a trestle bridge thatcrosses Arastra Gulch nearSilverton (San Juan County),Colorado.
  • Jefferson Barracks BridgeLocation: Mississippi River, Jefferson Barracks, Missouri
  • Simple Truss BridgesSimple Truss Bridges
  • FAI 24 Bridge Over the Ohio RiverPaducah, Kentuckywww.modjeski.com/projects/ servproj/paducah.htm
  • gcdranet.homelinux.com/davehonan/ bridges/il.html Cairo
  • Ohio River ferry and railroad bridge, Metropolis, IL
  • Arch BridgesArch Bridges
  • FIXEDFIXED• ArchArch– One or more archesOne or more arches– Masonry, reinforced concrete or steelMasonry, reinforced concrete or steel– Roadway on toop of arches or suspended byRoadway on toop of arches or suspended bycablescables– Spans can be longer than beam or trussSpans can be longer than beam or truss
  • AquaductAquaduct
  • Old stone bridge at Bull Run Battlefield. Manassas, Virginia.
  • Stone bridge in Rock Creek Park.
  • Stone bridge, Elizabeth Park, Hartford, Ct..
  • Old Stone Bridge, Boonton, N.J..
  • Stone Bridge at Bowling Green, Gallatin vicinity, Sumner County, TN
  • Segovia, Spain
  • Franklin Park, Ellicott Bridge, Emerald Necklace, Boston, MA
  • Pont du GardPont du Gard
  • Arch bridge, Bellows Falls, Vt..
  • Bayonne Bridge, Spanning Kill Van Kull between Bayonne &Staten Is, Bayonne, Hudson County, NJ
  • Kill van Kull Bridge
  • [Hell Gate Bridge (New York Connecting RailroadBridge), New York].
  • [Hell Gate Bridge (New York Connecting RailroadBridge), New York].
  • Steel Arch Bridge, Niagara.Steel Arch Bridge, Niagara.
  • http://www.brokk.com/images/jpg/sando.jpg
  • Sydney, Australia
  • www.bardaglea.org.uk/.../ bridge-types-arch.htmlArches can also be set above the deck as on the Sydney harbourbridge in Australia. This allows much more space beneath for shipsto pass under.
  • Blue Water BridgeBlue Water Bridges are a major international crossing over the St. Clair river at thesouthern end of Lake Huron
  • Eads Bridge, St. Louis
  • Port Mann Bridge, Coquitlam-Surrey BCThis graceful steel arch, once the third-longest of its kind in the world, carries theTrans-Canada highway across the Fraser River. In 2002 its capacity wasincreased with the addition of an eastbound high occupancy vehicle (HOV) lane,bringing the total to fivewww.balsabridge.com/ bridge-van.htm
  • Cantilever BridgesCantilever Bridges
  • FIXEDFIXED• CantileverCantilever• Double-ended brackets supporting aDouble-ended brackets supporting acenter spancenter span• Shore end of each cantilever firmlyShore end of each cantilever firmlyanchoredanchored• Center supported by pierCenter supported by pier
  • Quebec Bridge
  • Quebec Bridge
  • Quebec Bridge
  • Quebec Bridge
  • QuebecBridge
  • Quebec Bridge
  • Quebec BridgeOn June 15, 1907 an inspecting engineer noted that two girders of the anchor wasmisaligned by a quarter of an inch.  Cooper called this a "not serious" problem.  Inthe inspection report in August, 1907, it was noted that the girders had moved outalignment a bit more and "appeared bent".  Although this condition was a bit moreconcerning, the work continued.
  • Scotlands Firth of ForthA period museum photo shows cranes atop the massive structure. The bridgewas constructed from 1882-1890, 2.5 KM (1.5 miles) across Scotlands Firthof Forth.  Note reflection of photographer from glass frame. http://www.pre-engineering.com/resources/forth/forthbridge.htm
  • http://www.brantacan.co.uk/cantilever.htm
  • Lewis and Clark Bridge (Longview-Rainier Bridge) across the Columbia River.
  • [Queensboro Bridge, Roosevelt Island, New York, N.Y.].
  • Astoria bridge
  • Suspension BridgesSuspension Bridges
  • FIXEDFIXED• SuspensionSuspension– Roadway hangs from vertical cables supported byRoadway hangs from vertical cables supported byoverhead cables strung between two or more towersoverhead cables strung between two or more towers– Longest spansLongest spans– CostlyCostly– Difficult to designDifficult to design– Highly susceptible to winds and swayingHighly susceptible to winds and swaying– Cables can be up to three feet in diameterCables can be up to three feet in diameter
  • Tanana River suspension bridge.http://tapseis.anl.gov/guide/photo/Tanana_Bridge.html
  • Tsing Ma Bridge, Hong Kong
  • Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge, JapanAkashi-Kaikyo Bridge, Japan
  • Brooklyn BridgeBrooklyn Bridge
  • The 3rd Carquinez Strait Bridge will replace the original bridge that was built in 1927.
  • Ambassador BridgeAmbassador Bridge
  • Ambassador BridgeAmbassador Bridge
  • Golden Gate BridgeGolden Gate Bridge
  • Golden GateGolden GateStructuresStructures
  • When it opened in 1964, the Verrazano Narrows Bridge was theworlds longest suspension span. Today, its length is surpassedonly by the Humber Bridge in England.
  • Verrazano
  • Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapsing, Tacoma, Washington, 1940On the morning of November 7, 1940, the Tacoma Narrows Bridge twisted violently in 42-mile-per-hour winds and collapsed into the cold waters of the Puget Sound. The disaster -- which luckily tookno human lives -- shook the engineering community and forever changed the way bridges werebuilt around the world. Roadway of Tacoma Narrows Bridge twisting violently in a windstorm,Tacoma, Washington, 1940
  • Cable-Stayed BridgesCable-Stayed Bridges
  • FIXEDFIXED• Cable-StayedCable-Stayed• Suspended by cables that run directlySuspended by cables that run directlydown to roadway from central towersdown to roadway from central towers• Less costly than suspensionLess costly than suspension• Quickly constructableQuickly constructable• Spans must be limited in lengthSpans must be limited in length
  • Sunshine Skyway Bridge, St. Petersburg and Bradenton, Florida
  • Sunshine Skyway Bridge, St. Petersburg and Bradenton, Florida
  • Clark Bridge in Alton, ILClark Bridge in Alton, IL
  • Clark Bridge in Alton, ILClark Bridge in Alton, IL
  • Clark Bridge in Alton, ILClark Bridge in Alton, IL
  • Dames Port Florida
  • Dames Port Florida
  • Dames Port Florida
  • Swing BridgesSwing Bridges
  • MOVEABLEMOVEABLE• SwingSwing• Central span turned 90 degrees on pivotCentral span turned 90 degrees on pivotpier placed in middle of waterwaypier placed in middle of waterway• Double swing possibleDouble swing possible
  • Catalog AdvertisementCatalog Advertisement
  • Moveable BridgeMoveable Bridge
  • BRIDGE ACROSS SHATT-AL-ARAB, IRAQBRIDGE ACROSS SHATT-AL-ARAB, IRAQ
  • Detail of south truss showing truss configuration and connectionsHAER, MASS,2-WIND,1-3
  • Detail of south truss showing truss configuration and connectionsHAER, MASS,2-WIND,1-3
  • Coleman Bridge,Spanning PhelpsBrook, on WindsorBush Road, at th,Windsor, BerkshireCounty, MA
  • Bascule BridgesBascule Bridges
  • MOVEABLEMOVEABLE• BasculeBascule– One or two sections not supported by piersOne or two sections not supported by piers– Balanced on one end by counterweightsBalanced on one end by counterweights– Section jackknifes up to allow passage ofSection jackknifes up to allow passage ofshipsships– Most common type of highway drawbridgeMost common type of highway drawbridge
  • View of an elevated train crossing the Van Buren Street RailroadBridge which spanned the Chicago River from the Loop to theNear West Side community area in Chicago, Illinois.
  • View of a bascule bridge over the Chicago River in Chicago, Illinois.
  • Haarlem old lifting bridge.Lifting bridges are moveable bridges which enableboats to pass. They vary from simple wooden designssuch as many seen in the Netherlands to large steelstructures which carry heavy roads such as thebascule bridge in Docklands.
  • Erie Street Bridge, a bascule bridge, with the two leaves in raisedErie Street Bridge, a bascule bridge, with the two leaves in raisedpositionposition
  • Sault Ste. Marie International Bridge
  • Erie Avenue BridgeNewberry Bridge
  • Vertical Lift BridgesVertical Lift Bridges
  • MOVEABLEMOVEABLE• Vertical LiftVertical Lift– Central span extends between two towersCentral span extends between two towers– Balanced by counterweightsBalanced by counterweights– Variation of this type is bridge over Shatt-al-Variation of this type is bridge over Shatt-al-arab River in Iraq—Roadway sinks into waterarab River in Iraq—Roadway sinks into waterto allow ships to pass over itto allow ships to pass over it
  • Vertical lift Baltimore (Pratt) through-truss railroad bridge
  • Cape Cod Canal Railroad BridgeBuzzards Bay, Massachusetts
  • Leamington Lift Bridge, Scotland
  • Goethals Bridge, Spanning Arthur Kill from New Jersey toStaten Isl, Staten Island, Richmond County, NY
  • Goethals Bridge, Spanning Arthur Kill from New Jersey toStaten Isl, Staten Island, Richmond County, NY
  • GUIABA RIVER AT PORTO ALEGRE, BRAZIL
  • The vertical lift bridge that carries US-41 across the Portage Canal.
  • Aerial bridge, Duluth, Minn..
  • Aerial bridge, Duluth, Minn..
  • Aerial bridge, Duluth, Minn..
  • Bailey BridgesBailey Bridges
  • OTHEROTHER• BaileyBailey– Small truss bridge made in sectionsSmall truss bridge made in sections– Assembled on shoreAssembled on shore– Pushed out from shore to cover spanPushed out from shore to cover span– Transportable to new sitesTransportable to new sites
  • BaileyBaileyTank destroyer advances alonga mountain road, Italy
  • Pontoon BridgesPontoon Bridges
  • OTHEROTHER• PontoonPontoon– Floats on waterFloats on water– Can be disassembled and moved to new siteCan be disassembled and moved to new site– Supported by pontoons or bargesSupported by pontoons or barges
  • The U.S. ArmysSava River bridge istaken apart atnightfall and puttogether in themorning
  • View of James River Pontoon Bridge, from south side, above Jones Landing.
  • Pontoon bridges, North Anna, constructed by the 50th N.Y.V.Engineers, below railroad bridge, where a portion of the 2nd Corps,under Gen. Hancock crossed 23rd May, 1864
  • Broadway Landing, Va. Pontoon bridge acrossthe Appomattox
  • Evergreen Floating BridgeEvergreen Floating Bridge
  • Evergreen Bridge.The official name of the bridge is the Governor Albert D. Rosellini Bridge atEvergreen Point, after a popular former governor who was in office when thebridge opened.
  • Combined BridgesCombined Bridges
  • [Stony Brook glen,Shawmut Bridge,Dansville, N.Y.].
  • Knie_bridge
  • Lake_Pontchartrain_Causeway-vi.jpg
  • Lake_Pontchartrain_Causeway-vi.jpg
  • Old Alton Bridge
  • Name that BridgeName that BridgeGive the type for each.Give the type for each.